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CONTENTS.
Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands in Olden Times

[Note: The 'Part' numbers have been added by the editor for referencing convenience;
the Part titles are as they appeared in the original publication.]

PART 1 GLIMPSES OF CHURCH AND SOCIAL LIFE IN THE HIGHLANDS IN OLDEN TIMES

CHAPTER I.
             Introductory remarks -- Reformation era -- Prevailing superstition and credulity -- State of Highlands prior to Reformation -- Extraordinary incident in parish of Farr --"Dying testimony" of Alexander Campbell -- Knox's system of Church discipline -- Powers exercised by Church courts -- " A cry from Craigellachie," . . . 1

CHAPTER II.
            The old lordship of Badenoch -- The Wolf of Badenoch -- Deputation from General Assembly in 1597 -- Derivation of Badenoch -- Celtic name for Kingussie -- The Spey -- The Moray floods of 1829 -- Whimsical result of flood at Dalraddy -- Extent and boundaries of parish of Kingussie --Watch hill or cairn of the Black Watch -- Highland marauding of olden times -- John Dhu Cameron -- Characteristics of old Highland peasantry -- Curious old tradition -- The famous Witch of Laggan -- Kingussie as the capital of Badenoch -- Traces of Roman works on the Spey -- Old silver-mine -- Founding of village of Kingussie -- Celebrity of district as a health resort, . . . 13

CHAPTER III.
            Parish of Kingussie -- Earlier records -- Old church life in the parish -- Black sheep among ministers' men -- Enactment anent " Pennie Weddings " -- Effect of establishment of barracks at Ruthven in 1718 -- Measures adopted by Kingussie Session against vagabonds and dissolute women following the garrison soldiers -- Enactments against "grievous scandals" and " breaches of Sabbath " -- State of church buildings in the Highlands last century -- Fiddling at Leickwakes -- Matrimonial contracts on Saturdays -- Restrictions as to drinking in taverns on Sabbath -- Jealous husband makes his wife swear upon a knifeãIntermittent character of administration of sacraments -- A wild Highlander -- Prohibition against strangers and vagabonds -- Change-keepers prohibited from supplying ale or aquavitie to drunkard -- An odious Act of Parliament -- Profanation of churchyards -- Resolutions regarding proclamations and marriages . . . 29

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CHAPTER IV.
             Parish of Kingussie -- Social life in bygone days -- Colonel Thornton's visit to Badenoch in 1784 -- restoration of Cluny estates -- Colonel Thornton's account of the rejoicings on the occasion -- Pitmain inn -- The old Assembly rooms of Kingussie -- Opening of rooms in 1821 by Marquis of Huntly -- Condition of parishioners of Kingussie at close of last century -- Their moderation in religious opinions -- Results of Secession of 1843 . . . 44

CHAPTER V.
            Parish of Alvie -- The church and manse -- Loch Alvie -- Remains found beneath church in 1880 -- Derivation of name of parish -- Conflict in 729 between Angus, son of Fergus, and Nechtan, King of the Picts -- Boundaries and extent of the parish The Queen's expedition to Glenfeshie in 1860 . . . 56

CHAPTER VI
             Church life in parish of Alvie -- Old church records --Elders of the church in 1713, all lairds of good family and substance -- Desertion from National Church of Highland and Lowland lairds of later times --Duke of Argyll's words of warning to Presbyterians of Scotland -- High Anglican sectarianism -- Dean Stanley on Scottish Episcopacy -- Sir David Brewster an elder of Alvie church -- Punishment of erring sheep of Alvie flock -- Results of Badenoch people joining Rising of 1715 -- Cases of church discipline -- Grievous breaches of the Sabbath -- Punishment of parishioner abusing the minister -- Educational state of parish in 1732 -- Cases for "breach of promise" and "slandering and scolding," . . . 61

CHAPTER VII.
             Condition and characteristics of old parishioners of Alvie -- Kinrara -- Jane, Duchess of Gordon -- Her early life -- Her married life -- Her active habits and life at Kinrara -- Her death in London and burial at Kinrara -- Monument to her memory -- Alexander, Duke of Gordon -- George, last Duke of Gordon -- Glimpses of life of last Duke and Duchess at Gordon Castle -- Monuments on Kinrara Hill in memory of last Duke and Highlanders who fell at Waterloo -- Prince Leopold of Belgium at Kinrara -- The widow of last Mackintosh of Borlum -- Sir David Brewster at Belleville -- The Bedford family at Doune of Rothiemurchus -- Visit of Lord Brougham and Sir David at the Doune -- Loch-an-eilean and its castle, . . 72

CHAPTER VIII.
             Parish of Laggan -- Old church of St Kenneth -- Legends connected with building of church and "Allan of the Spoils" -- Sir James the Ros -- Cainnech, one of St Columba's monks -- Battle at Garvamore in 1187 --Traditions of Loch Laggan and its islands -- boundaries and extent of parish of Laggan -- Old fortification of Dun-da-lamh or the two-handed -- Old military road by Corryarrick, . . . 94

CHAPTER I X.
            Mrs Grant of Laggan -- Her 'Letters from the Mountains -- Her description of the Manse -- Her allusion to the spirit of mischief inhabiting Corryarrick -- Her description
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of course of Bronnach -- Her love for "the gentle and courteous cottagers" of her "ever dear Laggan" -- Her life in Edinburgh after her husband's death -- Glimpses of her life in Badenoch -- Touching incident of last century -- Gaelic ballad relating thereto, and translation thereof by Principal Shairp -- The Queen's visit to Ardverikie in 1847, . . . 102

[The foregoing chapters were reprinted in a paperbound facsimile of the original by the Canadian Branch of the Clan Macpherson Association in the 1970s. Copies of that reprint are available from the US Branch store or from the Clan Macpherson Museum in Newtonmore, Scotland. Some of what follows has been reprintedin The Urlar.]

PART 2 THE OLD CHURCH AND CHURCHYARD OF KINGUSSIE (ST COLUMBA'S).
            
CHAPTER I.
             The planting of the church -- St Columba -- His last counsels -- His death -- Muriach, parson of Kingussie in the twelfth century -- The Macphersons derive from him the name they now bear -- Charter by William the Lion -- Concession of Andrew Bishop of Moray -- Agreement between same Bishop and Walter Cumyn -- Ordination order of same bishop -- The Wolf of Badenoch cites Bishop of Moray to appear at Standing Stones of Kingussie -- Founding of Priory of Kingussie -- Prebendaries of Kingussie -- St Columba's Fair -- Reminiscences of ruins of old church . . . 115

CHAPTER II.
            The three churchyards of KingussieãRepair of St Columba's churchyardãThe piscina of the old churchãOldest reference to St Columba's churchyardãA celebrated hunter and poetãThe Forester of the Fairy Corry and his fairy sweetheart . . . 125

CHAPTER III.
            Transcripts of inscriptions in St Columba's churchyard, with descriptive notes -- Lieut. M'Pherson of Biallidmore -- Lieut.-Colonel Angus Macpherson -- The Macphersons of Crubinbeg -- The Macphersons of Blaragie -- Big George of Dallanach -- The Macphersons of Invernahaven -- The Macphersons of Knappach -- The Macphersons of "Culenlean" -- Lachlan Macpherson of Ralia --The Ardbrylach Macphersons, . . . 133

CHAPTER IV.
             Captain John Macpherson, the famous Black officer -- The Gaick catastrophe -- A noted Macpherson of Phoness . . . 144

CHAPTER V.
            Lachlan Macpherson of Nuide, chief of the Clan Chattan -- his son Cluny of the "45" -- The Macphersons of Breakachy -- The last Mackintoshes of Borlum . . . 160

CHAPTER VI.
             The " Kings " of Kingussie -- The Clarks of Dalnavert -- The maternal
ancestors of Sir John A. Macdonald, Prime Minister of Canada -- The Macdonalds of Ardnamurchan . . . 177

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PART 3 SKETCHES OF THE PROTESTANT MINISTERS OF BADENOCH
SINCE THE REFORMATION
.
CHAPTER I.
            Introductory remarks -- Ministers of the parish of Kingussie and Insh . . . 191

CHAPTER II.
            Ministers of the parish of Alvie . . . 224

CHAPTER III.
            Ministers of the parish of Laggan . . . 233

            

PART 4 GLIMPSES OF JAMES MACPHERSON, THE TRANSLATOR OF OSSIAN'S POEMS, AND TESTIMONIES AS TO THEIR AUTHENTICITY.
            
CHAPTER I.
            Macpherson's early life -- His literary and public career -- Life in Badenoch . . . 255

CHAPTER II.
            Macpherson's deathãEstimates of his character . . . 262

CHAPTER III
            Testimonies as to the authenticity of Ossian's poems . . . 266

            

PART 5 THE LAST OF THE OLD JACOBITE CHIEFS.
            
CHAPTER I.
             "Old Cluny" -- Introductory remarks -- Sketch of his lifeã his Jacobite leaning -- His golden wedding -- His death and burial . . . 285

CHAPTER II.
            Descent of "Cluny " from Gillicattan MÚr . . . 299

            

PART 6 SKETCHES OF THE OLD SEATS OF FAMILIES AND OF DISTINGUISHED SOLDIERS, ETC. CONNECTED WITH BADENOCH.
            
CHAPTER I.
            Introductory remark -- Parish of Kingussie . . . . 305

CHAPTER II.
             Parish of Alvie . . . 327

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CHAPTER III.
             Parish of Laggan . . . 335

            

PART 7 THE OLD CASTLES OF RUTHVEN AND THE LORDS OF BADENOCH.
CHAPTER I
            The old lordship of Badenoch -- The earlier castles -- The Earls of Huntly --The siege of the castle in 1594 -- The battle of Glenlivet . . . 365

CHAPTER II.
             The "Water-Poet's" visit to the castle in 1618 -- Capture of the castle in 1647 -- The Macphersons and the wars of Montrose -- Men of Badenoch arraigned by Synod of Moray -- Capture of the castle in 1649 -- Castle garrisoned by the English after Battle of Worcester -- Monck¼s despatch to Cromwell from the castle -- Monck's proceedings in the hills . . . 375

CHAPTER III.
             The last Marquesses of Huntly -- The Dukes of Gordon -- Ratification to first Duke of lordship of Badenoch -- Castle burnt by Dundee in 1689 -- Letter by Lieut. Mackay of the garrison of Badenoch to the "Dutches of Gordone" in 1691 -- "Vindication" by the Macphersons to the Duke of Gordon in 1699 -- Shaw's description of old castle -- Queen Mary said to have resorted to castle for pleasures of chase -- account of Queen Mary's "hunting the deer" in 1563 -- The Rising of the '45 -- Sergeant Molloy's defence of castle -- Capture of castle by forces of Prince Charlie -- Assembling of remnant of the Prince's followers at Ruthven after Culloden -- They set fire to the castle to prevent its falling into hands of Royalists -- " The graves of Culloden" . . . 384

            

PART 8 SELECTlONS FROM THE MSS. OF THE LATE CAPTAIN MACPHERSON (' OLD BIALLID ').
CHAPTER I.
            Introductory remarks --- The old deer-forests of Badenoch -- particulars of later measurements and divisions . . . 397

CHAPTER II.
            The old cave of Raitts -- Sir David Brewster's description thereof -- Rev. Wm. Blair's description -- "Old Biallid's" account -- The battle of the North Inch of Perth -- The battle of Glenfruin . . . 407

CHAPTER III.
            The retreats of Cluny of the '45 -- Colonel John Roy Stewart . . . 419

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PART 9 APPENDIX.
            The Clan Farsons' bond, 1591 -- Covenant by members of clan, 1628 -- Bond between Laird of Grant and men of Badenoch, 1645 -- Bond by M'lntosh of Torcastle to Cluny, 1665 -- Deliverance of "Lords of Privie Counsell" on "debait betwixt the Laird of M'lntosh and Clunie M'Pherson," 1672 -- Letters from Lord Huntly to the Macphersons, 1674 -- Extracts from genealogy of the Macphersons in Cluny charter-chest -- Declaration by clan regarding chiefship, 1689 -- Genealogy of the Macphersons from Jeremy Collier's 'Genealogical Dictionary,' 1701 -- Bond of friendship between the Frasers, the Camerons, and the Macphersons, 1744 -- Relative letter, Macpherson of Killihuntly to Simon, Lord Lovat -- Account of watch undertaken by Cluny, 1744 -- Transcripts of MSS. relating to the Clan Chattan and Cluny of the '45 -- Letter to Cluny from "Secretary to the Chevalier de St George," 1758ãLetter intimating Cluny's death at Dunkirk, 1764 -- "The Clan Chattan" (from Skene's 'Highlanders of Scotland') -- Corres-pondence between Mackintosh and Cluny of the '45 regarding command of Clan Chattan -- Battle of Invernahaven and conflict on North Inch of Perth -- Prince Charlie's retreats in Badenoch -- Genealogy of the Macphersons (from Douglas's 'Baronage of Scotland') -- Rental of "Lordshipe of Badyenoche," 1603 . . . 429

INDEX OF NAMES AND PLACES . . . 517

LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS . . . 523

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