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THE RALLY, 1956  23

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No. 9     CANADIAN NUMBER     1957



Hon. President
Chief of the Clan. Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON of Pitmain. M.V.O.,
Senior Chieftain of the Clan
25 Castle Road, Oatlands Park, Weybridge, Surrey

Rt. Hon. Lord MACPHERSON of Drumochter,
Fairstead, Great Warley, Brentwood, Essex.

High Larch, Iver Heath, Bucks.

Lt.-Col. Allan I. Macpherson, Bachelor Wing Flat,
Poltalloch, Kilmartin, Argyll



HUGH MACPHERSON, F.S.A Scot, Balnagarrow, Glebe Road, Cramond

Major J. E. Macpherson, 24 Well Walk, Hamstead, London, N.W.3

Hon. Secretary
A. F. MACPHERSON, W.S., 16 Castle Street, Edinburgh,

Hon. Treasurer
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON, Tigh-Tiorail, 32 Crown Drive, Inverness

Editor of the Clan Annual
Major J. E. Macpherson, 24 Well Walk, Hamstead, London, N.W.3



BADENOCH JOHN S. MACPHERSON, Dukesville, Kingussie
EAST OF SCOTLAND D. STEWART MACPHERSON, M.B., F.R.C.S.22 Learmonth Crescent, Edinburgh, 4.

George A. Macpherson1 Chesser Loan Edinburgh, 11.
WEST OF SCOTLAND Donald Mcpherson,20 Ancaster Drive, Glasgow, W2,

HAMISH MACPHERSON,1356 Pollokshaws Road, Glasgow, S.1,
The Cleave, Bideford, Devon.

J. GORDON MACPHERSON,Normans, Great Warley, Brentwood, Essex.
CANADA- Lt. Col. Cluny Macpherson, C.M.C., M.D. St. John's, Newfoundland

O.B.E., F.R.S.A., F.R.G.S.,
80 Ontario Avenue, Ottawa.

E.M. MACPHERSON,64 Louisa St, Invercargill.
U.S.A. Mrs ALBERTA MACPHERSON-COSTELLO371 East 21st St, Brooklyn, NY.

Registrar and Curator . . . . . . . . . . . . . NORMAN L. MACPHERSON, Clan Macpherson House, Newtonmore

Clan Piper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ANGUS MACPHERSON, Invershin.

Junior Piper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DONALD MACPHERSON, Clydebank

Hon. Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . KENNETH N. McPHERSON, C.A., Edinburgh.



      The reception given to the Southland Number, both in New Zealand and elsewhere, bas encouraged us to hope that the Canadian Number, although somewhat late and somewhat slimmer, will be found to be equally acceptable. We owe a special debt of gratitude to Colonel Rivers-Macpherson, the indefatigable Secretary of the Canadian Branch of the Association, for without his enthusiasm the material for the issue would never have been collected. It is his proper privilege to open the issue with an article defining the position of the Scottish and Gaelic communities in Canada to-day.

      Newfoundland was discovered by Jean Cabot for the English king in 1497, five years after Columbus opened up the Caribbean. The islands, since 1949 the tenth province of the Dominion, has always maintained close ties with Western Europe through its fishing interests, and Dr Cluny Macpherson tells us how one family of clansmen entered Newfoundland life in 1804 via the Clyde. The first two centuries of Canadian history belong to the French, and it was not until the mid-eighteenth century that the Scots began to replace the French in Nova Scotia. The settlement of Upper Canada or Ontario began with the influx of English, Lowland Scots, and German loyalists from the rebel American states. The Lowland Scots and Pennsylvanian Dutch or Germans led the pioneer farming of the province. All these groups, still retaining their ethnic and linguistic identities, took part in the mid-nineteenth century settlement of the Canadian West, joined by large communities of Ukrainians and Hungarians, so that Canada to-day presents a population of very varied origin. This is reflected in the ethnic differences between cities:-French, Quebec; French-English, Montreal; English-French, Ottawa; British-Italian, Hungarian, Toronto and Hamilton; and English, Vancouver. Now, in mid-century, Canada is turning to her northlands, and vast iron, nickel and uranium mines are being opened up, while the nation watches with growing excitement the rapid construction of the seaway through the St Lawrence Valley to the Great Lakes, and of the transcontinental oil Pipe-line, both scheduled for completion in 1958.


RALLY, 1958
     The Council has decided, with the approval of the General Meeting held at Newtonmore in August 1957, that the 1958 Rally will be held in Badenoch during the week-end 15th-17th August 1958, the Annual General Meeting being held on 16th August. Further details will be issued later.


By Colonel E. R. Rivus-MACPHERSON, O.B.B., F.R.S.A., F.R.G.S.

      "The importance of the cultivation of the Gaelic language, poetry and music, and the rescuing of Celtic legends and traditions speak for themselves. In a world which calls for loyalty between nation and nation based on understanding, I am sure that conception can only be understood by those in whom the older and closer fires still warm the human spirit."

      The above inspiring words were recently uttered by Lord Kilmuir at the annual dinner of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, and were indeed a clarion call to all lovers of Clan na Gaidheil.

      The Gael, Lord Kilmuir went on to say, had three great advantages: he had a living sense of history which was a good thing when the past extended back into centuries. Secondly, he had a visual geography that needed no cinemascope, for every exile carried his own memory of his homeland. The third attribute of the Gael was, that though he might go to the ends of the earth, yet the ties of the Highlands remained.

      I was more than interested to read an article written by the Right Honourable Thomas Johnston in a London paper in 1954, in which he stated: " There are still 30,000 speakers of Scots Gaelic in Nova Scotia." I have also heard similar statements from other sources. This decided me to carry out some research work on this question, and through the courtesy of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics in Ottawa, I am able to publish with reasonable accuracy the number of Scots in Canada and also the number of those who were brought up with Gaelic as their mother tongue. These figures are of course based on the 1951 census, and have not altered to any great extent. The following is the table:

Population of
Scottish Origin

   Gaelic as
Mother Tongue
Newfoundland       5,389        
Prince Edward Island      31,595
Nova Scotia   160,586
New Brunswick     69,250
Quebec      89,620
Ontario   658,594
Manitoba    109,251
Saskatchewan     94,539
Alberta    124,045
British Columbia    202,158
Yukon      1,397
North-West Territory          707
TOTAL 1,547,470

     It will be observed the census takers do not ask if a person "knows a given language; they merely note "the language the person first learned in childhood and still understands." I have quoted from the Dominion Bureau's letter on the subject. This approach to a rather


difficult problem may account for the wide discrepancy between Mr Johnston's figures and those supplied by the Dominion Bureau. I raise the query: "On what grounds did Mr Johnston base his figures? "Unless a personal referendum was made, such estimates are inclined to be "off beam."

      A glance at the foregoing table reveals a number of interesting points. Ontario carries the largest number of Scots, but far less than Nova Scotia in the number of Gaelic speakers -- Nova Scotia accounts for nearly half of the latter. It is disappointing to note that less than I per cent. of all the Scots in Canada claim the Gaelic language. Canada's population has now exceeded 16 millions, with some 9 per cent. claiming Scottish origin. One would have thought that the centre of density for the Scots would have been Nova Scotia, traditionally the "New Scotland" of Canada -- but this province has to take third place in the trans-continental list. Up to the beginning of this century, Cape Breton published its own Gaelic newspaper-" Mac Talla " -- but no Gaelic papers are now published in Canada. However, Cape Breton, often called " the Highland. heart of Canada," tops the list of Gaelic speakers, with no less than 6,101. Mr Johnson his above -- quoted article, goes on to say that the census report (U.K.) for 1.951 shows that "our Scots Gaelic speakers have fallen to 91,000 as against 136,000 in the 1931 census."

      About 1900, Frank Adam, the well-known Scottish historian stated that there were about 28,000 Gaelic speakers in Scotland. The figure of 91,000 appears high to me. Or, are we looking at the question from two angles, those who speak Gaelic as their mother tongue, or those who know the language --i f the latter, only an estimate can be made, which can be misleading. If the number of Scots Gaelic speakers is declining as alleged, then this must be traced to economic causes. The necessity imposed upon the common folk to earn a living erects a handicap against whichever language is least used in commerce and industry. Also, there are no words in Gaelic for common articles of everyday use, such as felt hats, stoves, molasses and bicycles, etc. And now that we have a vast array of new words coming up every day in the atomic' age, Gaelic cannot compete.

      Another reason may be the spelling which bears no relation to the pronunciation and this may be a deterrent to the younger generation. Could phonetic spelling be introduced? I can see the Gaelic scholars looking down their noses!

      However, we must not overlook the fine work being done at the Gaelic College, in St Ann's, Cape Breton, under the able directorship of the Rev. A. W. R. McKenzie. No less than 464 students were training at the college in 1955, which is a 90 per cent. increase over 1953. The curriculum of the college is a very comprehensive one, and all the Gaelic arts are included. There are also several flourishing Gaelic Societies in Canada, including. one in Ottawa. There are no less than 147 Scottish Societies across Canada, and much is being done to keep alive Gaelic singing, pipe playing, folk lore, etc., on the lines


of An Comunn at home. One will meet many old families in Nova Scotia, who still honour the Gaelic language around the domestic hearth, but I sadly admit that such families are on the decline.

      I suggest Gaelic can only be kept alive by the various societies, as at the best it has been relegated into an academic language. When I joined my Highland regiment at the beginning of the century, we bad so many Gaelic speakers in the ranks that we posted them to the " Gaelic Platoon." The latter then had to go to school to learn English. I do not think that you would run up against such a situation to-day.

      However, despite the apparent decline of the number of Gaelic speakers, on both sides of the Atlantic, the Clan spirit survives. I should say burns even brighter if possible, as was seen in the recent Mod (1955) held under the auspices of the Cape Breton Gaelic College, when over 1,500 gallant Scots swarmed over the gay Nova Scotian fields, a very inspiring sight, to honour their centuries-old traditions, amid intense enthusiasm.

      Let us remember the famous Gaelic proverb: . . .

How enterprising are the Children of the Gael!



      My great-grandfather, Peter Macpherson, came to Newfoundland from Greenock in 1804 at the age of seventeen as a clerk in the employ of a Glasgow firm with branches in Newfoundland. He went to the Port-de-Grave branch and in time took over the branch as a separate business, Peter Macpherson & Co., with the Glasgow firm as partners.

      He married the daughter of Joseph Furneaux, another merchant of Port-de-Grave in 1811 and had three daughters and one son, Peter, my grandfather. He died in 1868.

      I have to tell you of one of the most amazing coincidences I have ever known outside fiction books: in fact it is so amazing that a novelist would hesitate to use it, for here indeed "truth is stranger than fiction."

As a young man my grandfather went with a maternal aunt on a trip to England. Returning, their vessel was in The Narrows, as the entrance to St John's Harbour is called -- they could see their home and their ship was recognised from shore -- when a sudden off-shore wind sprang up and blew them to sea. There were no steam tugs in those days to take them in tow. The wind freshened to a gale and


during the night they were dismasted. But they kept the ship afloat and when the storm subsided after a couple of days the crew managed to rig jury-masts. But westerly winds prevailed and as they could not beat to windward with jury-rig, they were blown clear across the Atlantic and made port on the west coast of Ireland. There was no Transatlantic cable then to carry the message of their safety to Newfoundland, where they were long since mourned as lost.

      Peter was of a jolly, social disposition and during the weeks that their ship was being refitted he visited many cottages in his walks ashore. One day in a cottage he saw a portrait which struck him as strangely familiar though he could not say why. But it impressed him so much that he brought his aunt ashore to see if she recognised the subject of the portrait. She gasped and nearly fainted when she saw it. " Why, Peter, it is your father !" There were no photos in those days and Peter was but eight years old when his father died, hence his not knowing of whom it was a portrait.

     Inquiry as to how the family came into possession of the portrait brought the answer, " Oh! that was washed up on the beach packed in a bale of goods in such and such a year. We liked it and hung it up! " Peter acquired the portrait and brought it with him to St John's, their return this time being uneventful and they were greeted in St John's as ones returned from the dead. Inquiry showed that his father had visited England that year, had had his portrait painted and shipped, packed in a bale of goods, in a vessel bound for Newfoundland and that the vessel had never been heard of again -- lost at sea with all hands.

      Possibly mathematicians or the new electronic brain could work out the odds against the above happening. Two vessels storm-tossed in different years on the same voyage, one lost, the other lucky enough to make harbour -- one bearing the portrait of the father, the other the son in person.

     But remarkable as that tale is, I think the odds against my hearing of it in the way l did were even heavier. In 1896, having matriculated from London University, it was decided that I should go to McGill University, Montreal, to study medicine. I went by steamer to Halifax and by train to Montreal. At Truro, the junction with the railway from Cape Breton, a middle-aged man with flowing hair boarded the train and at once lay down on a lounge which had been reserved for him, covered his face with a large handkerchief and did not move until the call came for lunch. As we were washing our hands in adjoining basins, I said to him " I hope your headache is better , sir," to which he replied " Thank you my lad, but I have no headache: this is my time for sleep. For many months I have not gone to bed until 4.30 a.m." I said, " What a strange hour to go, to bed. What occupation could make that hour for retiring necessary? "He said," Oh! I have no particular occupation. I am a gentleman of leisure, I suppose. But I do a lot of delicate experiments and find the earth much quieter and free from vibration after midnight. You may have


seen my name in connection with the telephone; I am Bell, the inventor."       I said, " Of course I have seen your name in that connection, but I had the honour of meeting you, your wife, daughters, father and mother when you visited my father in St John's some years ago."He at once said, "Then you are a Macpherson, come along and have lunch with me and give me all the St John's news."

      After enquiring about the family, he said, "And, of course you still have that portrait with the very remarkable history." I said I did not know of any remarkable history attached to the portraits at home. He said, "Oh but you must know of this one, it has the most remarkable story I've ever heard attached to it." On my still protesting ignorance of it, he told me the story I have just told, and assured me he had seen it on the occasion of his visit. I promised to make enquiries by letter at once and let him know. He then went on to talk about his experiments in heavier-than-air flight. He told me that it was not with any contraption flapping its wings like a bird that we were going to get into the air, but with planes.

     He asked me if I knew a Chinese box kite. I said I did, and turning over the menu (how I wish I had kept it) he proceeded to draw something quite like the first aeroplanes and said, "Now, as soon as we can get an engine light enough to pull that through the air fast enough, we are in the air; it is only a matter of stabilisation after that. The importance of that statement lies in the fact that he said it some five years before the Wright Brothers got into the air by doing just that !!

      On reaching Montreal I got a letter off to my grandmother, but I had to wait three months before getting a reply. She wrote that everything Mr Bell had said about the portrait was exactly as it had happened, but that he was wrong in saying he had seen the portrait. His father, Alexander Melville Bell, had asked to see it; he had been here when grandfather had returned with it; they were working in the same establishment and were close friends; in fact it was my grandfather who early recognised Bell's gift of elocution and persuaded him to return to Edinburgh and make it his life work. Sorrowfully Bell had been told that the portrait had been burned in the fire that destroyed St John's in 1846; that his sisters had prevented my grandfather risking his life trying to save it. Naturally he felt terribly about it and from that day to Bell's visit, it had never been mentioned. Though grandfather had been dead before my birth I had never heard of it and as it was, had quite a job to extract the story from grandmother. The story had made such a deep impression on Alexander Graham Bell that he could have sworn he had actually seen the portrait.

     I corresponded with Bell in later years, but was never able to accept his repeated invitation to visit him either in Cape Breton or Washington. But last summer when I attended the Mod in Cape Breton I visited Beinn Breagh, and there his two daughters and' I recalled our meeting some sixty-five years before and had a good chat over old times.


The Death of The Mackintosh

      Clan Macpherson has lost a good friend in Vice-Admiral Lachlan Donald Mackintosh of Mackintosh, C.B., D.S.O., D.S.C., Twenty-ninth Chief of the Clan Mackintosh. The Mackintosh died on the night of Wednesday, 22nd March 1957, at Moy Hall, Inverness-shire. He was sixty and had completed a distinguished naval career in 1950, after which he devoted himself to county government and clan activities.

      The Mackintosh became heir to the family estates under a trust settlement by his cousin, the late Alfred Donald Mackintosh of Mackintosh, who died without male issue in 1938. He succeeded on the death of his cousin's widow in 1941, and was recognised as Chief of Clan Mackintosh in 1947 by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, while the heir male -- an older cousin -- was recognised as Chief of Clan Chattan.

      The Mackintosh was busy building a new Moy Hall to replace the older mansion-house, which was infested with dry rot. Moy has been the family seat for six centuries, and it was there that the late Chief held a clan rally during the Festival of Britain in 1951. In the same year he had precise details of the setts of the Clan recorded in Lyon Court, to preserve the clan and hunting tartans.

      Admiral Mackintosh became Chief of the Gaelic Society of Inverness in 1951, and opened the Gaelic Mod in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, in 1955. He was a member of Inverness County Council and a Deputy Lieutenant of the shire. He was also Chairman of the Highlands Disablement Advisory Committee under the Ministry of Labour and Honorary Air Commandant of the Inverness Fighter Control Unit, R.A.A.F. The eldest son of the late Duncan Houston Mackintosh, he entered the Royal Navy in 1909, was a midshipman at the outbreak of the First World War-in which he won the D.S.C.and later specialised as a naval air observer, learning to fly in 1927.

      In the Second World War he commanded the aircraft carriers Eagle, Victorious and Implacable, and survived the torpedoing of the Eagle by U-boats in the Mediterranean in 1942. He was made a C.B. and was awarded the D.S.O. and the American Legion of Merit. After the war he was Flag Officer Flying Training at Donibristle in Fife, later Flag Officer Germany and Chief of the British Naval Representation on the Allied Control Commission. He retired with the rank of Vice-Admiral.

      The Mackintosh is survived by his wife-formerly Miss Margaret Elizabeth Darroch, daughter of Lieut.-Col. Darroch of Gourock and Torridon -- and one son, Lachlan Ronald Duncan Mackintosh, who was born in 1928. He is an officer in the Royal Navy and succeeds as thirtieth Chief of Clan Mackintosh.



      When the war of 1914-18 ended, I found myself with time on my hands and an opportunity to visit the birthplace of my father.

      With John Macpherson, a Glasgow-born cousin, who had returned from residence in Canada to serve in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, I sailed from Gourock on 23rd May 1919 and enjoyed a delightful trip down the Firth of Clyde to Campbeltown.

      After a night spent in that port, which I had been told in Canada was famous for its herring and Scotch whisky and for its proximity to the Macrihanish golf course, we travelled by bus to Tayinloan and procured very comfortable accommodation at the MacDonald Arms.

      We were to catch the bus again next morning to embark at Tarbert for Gourock, via Ardrishaig and the Kyles of Bute, so we walked up the road to Rhunahaorine and located the stones that were all that marked the location of the croft where my father's father had lived as a tenant farmer until his death in 1856.

      The farm was on the east side of the highway and was called "Drumavoo " or, as some wrote it, " Drumavow." A winding lane led us upward a short distance to a wee burn close to which the farm buildings had stood. It was strange how familiar the location seemed to be. It was as though I had lived there myself in some earlier incarnation.

      The view out to sea revealed the Isle of Gigha a short piece off and, in the distance, Islay and the Paps of Jura were visible. I had been told that the coast of Ireland could be seen on a clear day, but we didn't get a glimpse of it while we were there.

      We visited a Mrs MacMurchy and her daughter in their cottage below the farm and learned that the then famous Dr Helen MacMurchy was a relative. That evening they invited several young ladies for tea and among them were a Miss MacConnachie and, I believe, a Miss McNair. We had a happy evening and the ladies sang, in the Gaelic, some of the lovely Hebridean songs.

      I mention this visit because, in searching for a record of my father's people, I have come across in letters which crossed the Atlantic to and from Canada in 1847 and later, reference to all the families mentioned above. I now regret that I hadn't an opportunity to read those letters and learn more of the story before I went overseas. I doubt if any of those we met were aware of the intimate associations which had existed between our various families.

      Father's grandfather, Angus Macpherson, was born in 1776 and some of the letters mentioned above were written by one of his sons, Angus, on his arrival in Canada five weeks after leaving Greenock. He wrote, "I think we had the best ship captain and saileres [sic] that ever crossed the ocean. . . ." Reference is made to Peter McConnachie as a fellow passenger.       He tells of his favourable impressions of the country around London,


Ontario, and urged his brothers and sisters to follow him. It was not however, until three years after my grandfather, John Macpherson, died that his widow and her family of two boys and five girls sailed for Canada. By that time others of the family connection had taken up land around London and in Garafraxa, Erin and Caledon Townships.

      In Creag Dhubh of 1956, Dugald Macpherson of Waianiwa in New Zealand refers to his family association with the country south of Campbeltown. It is not impossible that there may have been some close relationship between my forebears and his. More than once I have heard my father referring to marketing trips which members of his family made to Campbeltown. Father's grandfather had two brothers, I believe, Donald and Archibald. Some of the family are buried in the Killean Parish cemetery, which lies on the road from Tayinloan to Campbeltown.

      My father's name was Dugald and when his family emigrated to Canada he was only eight years old and was not familiar with English, all conversation being carried on in Gaelic. He therefore learned his English in Canada. He attended Shannon School in Caledon and graduated into the teaching profession from the Rockwood Academy. He taught in the Dingle School in Albion Township and in the Rosemont and Stanton Schools in Mulmur.

      In 1885 he moved to Orangeville with his wife, the former Sara Willson, and engaged in a general insurance business. Later he was appointed Librarian of the Public Library, a post which he occupied for thirty years, retiring in 1932 at the age of eighty-one. His death in 1937 was followed by the passing of his wife in 1939. She was then seventy-eight years of age.

      They were thus spared the agony of a second world war. Four sons, Captain John Ross (D.S.O.), Lieutenant Douglas W. {M.C.) (the writer), Lieutenant Donald Stuart (M.M.), Canadian Artillery; and Lieutenant Ewart Gladstone of the R.A.F., served in the war of 1914-18. Ross lost his life while leading his company of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry on 26th August 1918. Donald was severely wounded east of Amiens on 8th August 1918. My active service in France and Belgium was in the 16th Battalion The Canadian Scottish, and I was the only one to experience the thrill of wearing the kilt and following the pipes. The war record of this battalion is an enviable one and they are perpetuated by the Canadian Scottish Regiment of Victoria, British Columbia, which is affiliated with the Royal Scots.

      In the Second World War Ewart served again as a Wing Commander in the Royal Canadian Air Force, and while commanding a Training School at Edmonton, Alberta, was awarded the Medal of Merit by the United States Government for valuable assistance rendered the American Forces while they were pushing their forces and supplies north into Alaska and the Aleutians. A younger brother, Rev. Arthur Gordon was Chaplain to the Royal Canadian Air Force in this second war.

     Angus W., the eldest of those who survived childhood (two


daughters and a son died at an early age) was Mayor of the City of Saskatoon for five successive terms. He died in 1954 at the age of sixtysix. His only son, Douglas T., was a wing-commander in the Royal Air Force, Coastal Command.

      My elder son, Gordon C., was a Flying Officer with Transport Command of the Royal Canadian Air Force in India and Burma. Donald's oldest boy was in the Royal Canadian Navy and Ewart's oldest was in the Canadian Army.

      Since coming to Newfoundland twenty-one years ago, I have enjoyed the honour and privilege of serving as President of the Newfoundland St Andrew's Society for two years. The life of this Society dates from 1837.

      It has been impossible to follow the story of all the descendants of this branch of the family, but many of them have made valuable contributions to the land they live in, both in farm and city life.

      When I was a lad our family always used the spelling McPherson, but correspondence with Archibald Macpherson of Glasgow, father of the cousin with whom I visited Kintyre, persuaded my father that Macpherson was correct. I have never quite understood where the difference originated; perhaps someone can tell me.



      The earliest member of this family was a well-known skipper in the west coast trade sailing out from Greenock, Alexander Macpherson. Greenock is a lowland outport for Glasgow, which owes its growth to the development of trans-Atlantic trade in the eighteenth century. Alexander Macpherson, therefore, was probably of one of the many families of Macphersons scattered among the Campbells, MacDonalds and MacLeods of the west coast, and had settled in the port of Greenock. His wife was Agnes Campbell. They had four sons and one daughter.
        I. John Macpherson, died 29th September 1847; had three sons and four daughters. The eldest son was Captain John Macpherson, who died in 1850, s.m.p.
       II. Daniel Macpherson, died 5th March 1855; had one son (who went to California in 1849 in the goldrush) and three daughters.
      III. Alexander Macpherson, married Isabel Turner, and had one daughter, Margaret Kelso. He and his daughter have been traced to Kingston, Ontario, in the year of the cholera (probably 1832) and never heard of afterwards.


      IV. Agnes, born 10th June 1787 in Greenock; a twin of
      V. Peter Macpherson, whose story of his emigration to Port-de-Grave, Newfoundland, is recorded in the introduction to Dr Cluny Macpherson's " Strange Tale," recorded elsewhere in this issue. Peter emigrated in 1804 to St John's, Newfoundland, married Lucinda Herbert Furneaux on the 17th December 1811, and had three daughters and one son.
           1 . Agnes Jane, born 3 31st August 1813; married Daniel Fowler.
           2. Lucinda, born 14th August 1814; married -- Loveys.
           3. Peter Macpherson, born 6th June 1819; married Susannah Euphemia Campbell on the 28th November 1849; died 1st August 1868 at St John's, where he was a merchant of the town. They had six sons and one daughter.
                (i) Campbell Macpherson, born 31st January 1851; married Emma, daughter of Henry John Duder, farmer, of St John's, and Jane Sophia Pitts, on the 12th June 1878. They had two sons and two daughters. He died on the 23rd April 1908.
                     A. Dr Cluny Macpherson, born 18th March 1879; married to Eleonora Barbara, daughter of William Macleod Thompson, Northumberland Co., Ontario, on the 16th September 1902. They had a son and daughter.
                          a. Emma Alison, born 9th October 1903; married Mr Ramsay Green, with issue; lives in London.
                          b. Campbell Leonard Macpherson, born 4th July 1907; married 1932 to Faith Van Valkenburg: Vilas; with two sons and two daughters.
                               (a) Heather Elizabeth Faith, born 1935; married Robert Ivan Morgan.
                               (b) Eleanor Suzanne, born 1938; died 1954.
                               (c) Harold Charles Cluny Macpherson, born 1942.
                               (d) Ian Campbell Macpherson, born 1945.
                          B. Violette, born 26th December 1880; unmarried.
                          C. Eva, born 4th November 1882; married twice with issue.
                          D. Harold Macpherson, born 24th December 1884; breeder of the dog on the Newfoundland stamp as related elsewhere in this issue, s.p.
                (ii) Margaret Campbell, died 1931; a distinguished painter.
                (iii) Lucy Amelia, married the Rev. George J. Bond, LL.D., with -issue.
                (iv) Cluny Macpherson, dsp.; the younger boy in the daguerreotype in this issue.
                (v) William Murdock Macpherson, dsp. (vi) Peter Macpherson, d.s.p.
                (vii) Archibald Robert Hugh Macpherson, married Margaret McNeily; with two sons and three daughters.
                          A. Archibald Cluny Macpherson, killed serving in Italy, 1944.
                          B. Alicia Patricia Madge.
                          C. Douglas Macpherson, d.s.p.
                          D. Olivia Caroline Rosalind.
                          E. Diana Beaumond Campbell.
               (viii) Peter Macpherson, d.s.p.
           4. Caroline, born 12th September 1822; married -- Dowse.

Most of the living representatives of this family still live in Newfoundland.



      Sir John Macpherson, Governor of Nigeria from 1948 and Governor of the new Nigerian Federation after 1954, was appointed in the second quarter of 1956 Permanent Under-Secretary at the Colonial Office. As head of the Colonial Civil Service Sir John will bring a wealth of experience derived from a lifetime of service in Malaya, Nigeria, Palestine, Washington, the Caribbean and on the United Nations Travelling Commission in the Pacific. He takes over at a very vital time in the development of the African colonies as they emerge from colonial to dominion status. The Association wishes him well in his onerous task.


      When Canada, having taken such a firm position during the Suez Crisis,"proposed the formation of a United Nations force to intervene in the affair, she offered the 1st Battalion of the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada. The commanding officer chosen for this very difficult and onerous post was Lieut.-Colonel Clifford P. Macpherson of Winnipeg. Egyptian intransigence, however, found occasion to object to the name of the regiment, and as the matter proved to be as controversial as the original Franco-British-Israeli invasion, this particular force of Canadians never sailed.


      Anne and Catherine Macpherson of Toronto are identical twins, who achieved the distinction of graduating in Fine Arts, and being capped simultaneously at Mount Allison University in New Brunswick.
                                                                                                         Mount Allison Record, Summer 1956.


      Angus Macpherson of Auchterarder, a strong supporter of the Association, and a well-known figure at the Clan Rallies from their inception, was a member of the Macpherson Rink, captained by R. W. Macpherson of Auchterarder, which won the Mackay Cup at the Clans' Bonspiel at Edinburgh in March 1956.



                                               His hair, his size, his mouth, his lugs,
                                               Shew'd he was nane o' Scotland's dugs;
                                               But whalpet some place far abroad,
                                               Whare sailors gang to fish for cod.
                                                                                                          ROBERT BURNS.

      During the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the chiefs of the clan were famous in Scotland as breeders of the now rare deerhounds, used when hunting was a more sociable event and before the days of stalking. Dog lovers and philatelists probably are unaware of the connection of our clan with yet another of the canine giants. This issue of Creag Dhubh carries a plate made from a photograph made in turn from an old daguerreotype taken a century ago in front of the home of the writer's father in the vicinity of Lazybank, showing a Newfoundland dog of that time. The children in the Highland costume in the sledge are the writer's father, Campbell Macpherson, and his brother Cluny.       Inset in our plate is the Newfoundland stamp with the well-known motif, and the resemblance is striking. Indeed, breeders who have recently seen the dog on the daguerreotype have commented highly upon its modem show-worthiness. The dog on the stamp was a champion, bred by the writer.


      Dr Cluny Macpherson is listed officially as Lieut.-Colonel Cluny Macpherson, C.M.G., M.D., C.M., J.P., K.J.ST.J. He was educated at St John's, took his first university training at McGill University, Montreal, and then proceeded to Edinburgh and Paris. His first post was as surgeon to the Royal Naval Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen, Dr Grenfell's Labrador Mission. Dr Cluny usually refers to Grenfell as 46 my old chief." After 1904 Dr Cluny devoted himself to the work of a general practitioner in St John's, the capital of Newfoundland, where he is Registrar of the Newfoundland Medical Board, and Chairman of the Commissioners on Lunacy. He became a member of the Medical Council of Canada, with which Newfoundland had just federated, in 1950. He became President of that august body in 1954-55. Among his other services to Newfoundland and humanity at large he is Director of both the Grenfell Association of Newfoundland and the International Grenfell Association, Honorary President of the St John Ambulance Council for Newfoundland 1953 and Honorary ViceChairman of the Newfoundland Division of the Canadian Red Cross.




      Dr Cluny was a Captain and Principal Medical Officer in the 1st Newfoundland Regiment which crossed the Atlantic in August 1914. In April 1915 he devised the anti-gas helmet, which was adopted for use in the trenches. He was decorated for his fine work and was appointed a member of the First War Office Committee on Poisonous Gases. His war service took him to France, Belgium, Gallipoli, Egypt and Salonika.

      Coming of a seafaring family, with its roots in the Scottish port of Greenock, and perhaps originally from the Hebrides, Dr Cluny is a keen sailor and fisherman.

      Murray Macpherson was born on the 1st June 1891 at Sydney, Nova Scotia, whither his grandparents emigrated from Portree, Isle of Skye, over a hundred years ago. On the 18th August 1919, he married Netta Milley of St John's, Newfoundland. They have one son, John Murray Macpherson, an engineering student at the Nova Scotia Technical College, Halifax.

      Murray was employed by the Post Office Department from 1910 till he retired in 1947. He went overseas with the 22nd Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, as a gunner in the First World War, was wounded on Vimy Ridge in April 1917, and finally lost a leg at Passchendaele on the 4th November 1917. He spent the winter of 1917-18 convalescing in the First Canadian War Hospital at Buxton, Derbyshire, England, and was invalided home to Canada in June 1918 on the last trip of the hospital ship Llandovery Castle. He was discharged from the Army in 1919.

      Murray joined the Association in 1953 as a result of Colonel Rivers-Macpherson's very successful campaign in the Maritime Provinces that year; he became Assistant Secretary for the Maritimes in 1954, and Vice-Chairman of the Canadian Branch in 1955, when he attended the Annual Meeting at Montreal. The continued success of the Association in the Maritimes has been largely due to Murray's great enthusiasm, and to his leadership at the Cape Breton Mod in 1955.

      Colonel Rivers-Macpherson was born at Kingston, Jamaica, on the 4th February 1884 to Ronald John Macpherson, J.P., of Jamaica, Knight of St John of Jerusalem, and Alice Maud Savage, daughter of John Ashton Savage, Author and Director of Education, a descendant


of the Second Earl Rivers. The Colonel's grandfather was William Robert Macpherson, J.P., son of David Macpherson, and grandson of Robert Macpherson of Kingston and Margaret Blaik.

      Colonel Rivers-Macpherson was commissioned in the Militia Artillery in 1902, in the 71st Highlanders in 1907, and received an extra-regimental promotion to the 92nd Highlanders in 1915. He was gassed in the Second Battle of Ypres in 1915, was second-in-command of his battalion at the Battle of the Somme in 1916, and was appointed Chief Ordnance Staff Officer at the Boulogne Base in 1918. He was twice mentioned in dispatches and received the O.B.E.

      During the Second World War Colonel Rivers-Macpherson was appointed Chief Ordnance Officer, Aldershot, where he trained 1,500 officers and 30,000 men. He was made Officer Commanding the 16th Anti-Aircraft Defence Group and went into action several times against Stuka dive-bombers. The battle jerkin worn by the troops on the Normandy beaches was designed by the Colonel at the request of Field-Marshal Montgomery.

      Between the wars he held Staff Appointments in the Rhine Army, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong and Singapore. He was A.D.C. to General Sir John Daniell, G.O.C., in West Africa. The Colonel retired in 1945, and was appointed Deputy to Sir Ralph Cilento, Head of U.N.R.R.A. in Germany. He was also director of the Betok Johore Hemp Company in Singapore until the Second War forced the company to close down. He recently won the 1957 award by the National Design Council of Canada for his latest invention, the " Mac Pac," a personal equipment of novel design, with which he topped the list of candidates for all Canada.

      Colonel Rivers-Macpherson was educated at the Military College of Science and the London School of Economics, has travelled extensively in every part of the World, and has been interested in rowing, swimming, polo and boxing. He sails as a yachtsman under the burgee of the Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club, is a big-game fisherman, and has had three art photographs shown in the Paris Salon *in 1938. He has just completed his military autobiography, and has been a freelance Military journalist throughout the Commonwealth for over thirty years.

      The debt which the Clan Association owes to Colonel Rivers-Macpherson is heavy, particularly since 1947, when he emigrated to Canada. From Ottawa, the Federal Capital, he has been indefatigable in organising the Canadian clansmen and raising the Canadian Branch to the unique position which it now holds in this, the greatest of the British Dominions.


      Amid the skirl of pipes and the singing of Psalms, three armorial banners displaying the arms of Canadian clansmen were dedicated at an impressive and colourful Church Parade held in Toronto as part of the two-day Clan Rally of the Canadian Branch.

      The armigerous clansmen who possess the singular honour of flying their personal banners are Colonel E. R. Rivers-Macpherson, O.B.E., the Honorary Secretary; Dr Cluny Macpherson, C.M.G., Chairman; and the Rev. A. Gordon Macpherson, D.D., Honorary Chaplain. So far as is known these Macphersons are the only living clansmen in Canada who have received a Grant of Arms from the Lord Lyon, and with the exception of their eldest sons and members of their family, who have rematriculated in the Lyon Register, they alone are entitled to the display of a banner.

      The banner is usually a square flag, depicting only the shield portion of a coat-of-arms and omitting the crest, motto and supporters and, as the illustrations show, each banner is really a "differenced version of the Chief's flag.

      The banner of the Chief, of Clan Macpherson is described as follows:-- "Parted per fess Or and Azure, a lymphad of the first, sails furled, oars in action, mast and tackling all proper, flag and pennon flying Gules, in dexter canton a dexter hand fesseways couped holding a dagger erect, in sinister canton a cross-crosslet fitchee all of the third." Such are the "undifferepced" arms of out Chief and they form the basic pattern of all arms granted to cadet famiies.

      The principal charge in the arms is the gold "lymphad " or galley on a blue field and there are really two points of view with regard to its derivation. It is generally, accepted that the Galley denotes the landing of the Picts from whom the Macphersons are descended, while others hold, that it represents the "Galley of Lorne." It, of course, also. signifies the Macpherson connection with Clan Chattan; moreover early records describe the present Cluny arms as the arms of Old Clan Chattan, although this is not accepted by the present Lord Lyon. The red hand holding the dagger denotes the part played by the clan in overthrowing the Cumins, the enemies of King Robert the Bruce, and the red cross-crosslet fitchee represents either an ecclesiastical origin from Muireach the Parson or possibly indicates a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

      The Banner of Colonel E. R. Rivers-Macpherson of Ottawa, displays with distinction the plain Cluny arms just described, differenced by a checkered border.



      The Lord Lyon gave Dr Cluny Macpherson a decidedly Newfoundland blazon. His banner displays "a fesse wavy, Vert and Argent " surmounted by the historic gold galley. The "fesse wavy," which is a horizontal wavy bar of silver and green, suggests the waves over which Dr Macpherson's great-grandfather came to Newfoundland in 1804. The two caribou heads represent the regimental badge of the Newfoundland (afterwards Royal) Regiment and it was wearing this badge that Dr Cluny Macpherson returned to Scotland in 1915, proceeding at once to headquarters in Edinburgh Castle.

      The banner of the Rev. A. Gordon Macpherson also displays the gold Galley," which flies a white flag bearing a blue St Andrew's cross, intended to represent the national flag of the Province of Nova Scotia. Rev. Dr Macpherson is of the third generation of Macphersons born in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. The green ivy leaf in the centre chief portion of the arms is the ladh-shlat, Eitheann, meaning ivy, the plant badge of Clan Gordon, and alludes to Dr Macpherson's Christian name. The red border is a personal difference and sign of cadency as a fourth son.

      These banners, in vivid heraldic colours, formed an impressive background at the Clan Gathering and provided Canadian clansmen with a visible reminder of the history and great traditions of our clan.

[Note: the coats of arms of these three gentlemen and the many other Macphersons who are armigerous are displayed in the Clan Macpherson Museum in Newtonmore. Each of these displayed shields has been painted by the author of this article over the intervening years. -- RM]



11th October 1956                                                         Islington, the hub of Etobicoke Township,
                                                                                             the fastest growing township in York
                                                                                              County or perhaps Ontario.

      It has been said that a Highlandman will always turn rightside up wherever he may be placed! Perhaps a short history of our family in Etobicoke would be of interest to the Clan.

      My grandfather, Alexander Macpherson, came to Canada about the year 1829, my father's only brother John being born in Perthshire, Scotland, before the family came to Canada. My father, Alexander, was born on the farm on which my grandfather settled, on lot 2,627 -- 200 acres, fifth concession of Drummond Township, County of Lanark, Ontario -- or Upper Canada as it was then known -- on the 22nd December 1822. He died at his home in Etobicoke Township, at Islington, in November 1906, and his brother John died at the old homestead in 1907. My father was eighty-four years of age.

      I was born on a farm on Dundas Street, Etobicoke, on 4th November 1859. My mother, Sage Rowland, was born near Carmarthen in Wales, 15th January 1817, and came to Canada with her family and a family named Culham by sailing vessel, which on account of severe storms took several weeks to make the trip to New York. From New York they came by horse and boat up the Hudson and Mohawk to Rochester, New York, and then crossed Lake Ontario by sail to


Toronto. They brought all their belongings with them, including household goods, food, cattle, horses and wagons, and settled in what is now Malton, the Toronto-Hamilton airport, on adjoining farms in the township of Toronto. My mother married Joseph Culham, of whom she had a family of three sons and two daughters. Joseph Culham died in 1851, leaving my mother to keep up the farm and the family.

      My father had stayed on the farm in Drummond Township to help clear the land until he was twenty-one, after which he went to Prescott High School, where a cousin, Peter Macpherson, was principal. With his matriculation he then went to a private academy in Gouverneur, Upper New York State, where he graduated in Latin and Greek, and later to the Normal School for Teachers in Toronto where he secured a first-class certificate as a teacher. He taught for a couple of years at Thornhill, and then moved to Etobicoke. My mother being a widow could not depend on farm income to bring up her family, and took in teachers to lodge and board. Thus my father finally married and I was the only son.

      I grew up on the farm until my father became Clerk and Treasurer of Etobicoke Township, which position he held until he was eighty years of age. I was appointed to succeed him and held the office for twelve years. I was a Justice of the Peace for York County, in which Toronto is built. I was also a trustee of public schools for twenty-seven years and took an active part in promoting a high school for Etobicoke, and the present collegiate on Montgomery Road, which is one of the largest and best equipped collegiates in Ontario. I inherited a hundred-acre farm on Bloor Street between Islington Avenue and Royal York Street in Etobicoke, which is now entirely built up with residential and business places.

      My first wife died in 1911, leaving me a family of four sons and two daughters: they all married but one son, and I have grandchildren and great-grandchildren galore. I married again in 1915 with Ada E. L. Jackes, daughter of William and Hennereta Jackes. We have no children and are retired here on Aberfoyle Crescent, Etobicoke, having been married over forty-two years. I enclose a photograph of myself at ninety years of age.[see page 16B above].

      My wife and I do not drive an automobile any more. Some years ago we used to motor to Florida every winter for about eight or nine years. Now we are satisfied to stay home, do some gardening, and enjoy life. We would be glad to have you come and visit us here. I find it more and more difficult to get about as my legs and knees are the weak part of me. My wife, Ada, however, although over eighty is as spry as when we married. So I have a good help-mate and cannot complain.

Yours sincerely,

                                                                                              J. A. L. MACPHERSON.
44 Aberfoyle Crescent, Toronto, 18.



      The Annual Rally of the Association was held from the 17th to the 19th August and was attended by a large number of clansmen and clanswomen from home and abroad. Besides the Annual General Meeting, it included a Ceilidh at Newtonmore, an excursion to the mansion-house of Ardverikie, on what were the old Macpherson lands on the shores of Loch Laggan, a Highland Ball at Kingussie and a Church Service at the Parish Church there.

      The tone was set for the 1956 Ceilidh by a witty speech of the fear an tighe, the well-known J. M. Bannerman, Esq., O.B.E B.SC who said that, in appointing him, the Macpherson clan had put itself in his power for the evening, and he intended to use that power to the full by ordering them to contribute to the entertainment of the large audience.

      The hall was full and the audience found the proceedings much to its liking from the first item, a bagpipe selection by Piper John Fraser of Kingussie, and showed their appreciation by being generous with their applause and joining vigorously in the Gaelic choruses when they got the opportunity. There were old friends like Tom Cattanach of Newtonmore, with his rousing Gaelic songs and the Rev. and, Mrs Titterington of Laggan with their tuneful duets, and new friends like Mr Hector Kennedy of Inverness, whose Gaelic singing has earned him popularity throughout the Highlands.

      For variety we had the Highland Fling and the Sword Dance, very creditably performed by two little maids from Kingussie, Bunty MacDougal and Eilean MacLeod, who also formed part of a sextet with -Janette Mackie, Elsa Morrison, Sheila Begg, Marjorie. Hutchison and Elizabeth Jeffries, whose fresh young voices added to the enjoyment of their several Gaelic songs.

      Violin selections were contributed by Mrs White and Mrs Armstrong of Kingussie, while Mrs Evan Cattanach, Miss Margaret Barnet, Miss Heather Stuart and Mr Evan T. Cattanach, Vice-Chairman of the Badenoch Branch, contributed other much-appreciated items to the programme. As a concession to this modem age, we had an item of accordion selections. Some of us might have preferred the clarsach, but the vociferous applause of the younger generation left us in no doubt about their views on the subject.

      At an early stage in the proceedings, a large black cat stalked majestically on to the stage and began to take a benevolent interest in what was going on. After being duly welcomed by the fear an tighe as the Clan's totem symbol, he proceeded to instal himself, in the correct coat-of-arms position, on the top of the piano and insisted on being present for the rest of the evening. [Perhaps this was the 'witch of Laggan reincarnated -- RM]       The fear an tighe had apparently so much talent at his disposal that he did not have to fall back on the Clan to any great extent. To


exercise his power, however, he called on Lord Macpherson of Drumochter and Major Niall Macpherson, M.P., to contribute, both of whom bowed to the superior authority of the evening and complied.

      The following clansmen and clanswomen were present from overseas and testified to the pleasure they had in coming " home " to Badenoch and joining in the Rally of the Clan: -- Mrs Forest Millar, Southland Branch, New Zealand; Miss Joanne Macpherson, Moosomin, Saskatchewan, Canada; Miss Janette Macpherson, Toronto, Canadian Branch; Mrs Madge Macpherson Thacker, Mrs Mary J. Hodges, Miss Alice Jones, North Carolina, U.S.A.; Major and Mrs Jan Fyfe Macpherson and son, Ian, Sydney, Australia; and Mr Robert McPherson, C.B.E., M.C., and Mrs McPherson, representing Christchurch Branch, New Zealand.

      The excursion to the mansion-house and gardens of Ardverikie, so beautifully situated on the southern shore of Loch Laggan, was blessed with brilliant sunshine, though accompanied by a cool breeze. The Loch Laggan lands, up to a hundred years ago, belonged to the chiefs of the Clan. In 1847 the old lodge at Ardverikie was visited by Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, and the Queen was so impressed by the beauty of its surroundings that she wished to purchase it for her Highland home. Cluny, however, felt himself bound by the lease to the then tenant, and the negotiations fell through. The Queen shortly afterwards bought the Balmoral estate instead. While Landseer was a guest at the old lodge, he adorned the walls with many drawings of stags, several of which were the originals of his well-known engravings. Unfortunately they were destroyed when the lodge was burned down in 1873.

      The excursion party spreading over the flagged paths of the lawns and gardens, with their tartan kilts and skirts in all the variety of the faded ancient colours -- some so faded that they must have been treasured family heirlooms -- and the vivid colours of the modern version, contrasting with the grey stone of the house and terraces, all backed by the shimmering waters of the loch seen through a screen of silver birches, made an unforgettable picture.

      Ardverikie is now in the possession of Sir John F. Ramsden, Bart., to whom we are indebted for the memory of a very pleasant excursion.

      Back at Laggan Bridge, the party sat down to an excellent tea, provided by the ladies of the Badenoch Branch.

      The business of the Annual General Meeting of the Association is dealt with elsewhere, but some items are of more than business interest. One such item was an informal address by Mr Francis Cameron Macpherson, the Tanastair, lately nominated by Cluny, who lives near Stratford-on-Avon, and appropriately took his text from Shakespeare, referring to the clan as "that happy band." He spoke of the clan spirit, its power for good in a world that needed it and his desire to further it in every possible way.

      Another item which may interest a number of ordinary members was a discussion on rising costs. It was announced that, owing to


higher charges in general, and especially for printing and postage, it had become essential to increase the cost of subscriptions from 5s. to 7s. 6d and the new Life Membership fee was given as five guineas instead of the present three. As a result the Honorary Treasurer foresees a large number of switches from Ordinary to Life Membership before next August, when the new rate comes into force. We understand he has laid in a large number of receipt forms and his energetic secretary is prepared to work overtime on them.

      On the Saturday evening the members of the Association and their friends met again at the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie, for the Highland Ball.

      As usual, many kilts were in evidence, the Hunting Macpherson preponderating, but many others to add still more colour to an already gay scene. As usual, too, it was a great success, which is not surprising, as all the elements of success were there -- a good floor, a good band, a good supper and, above all, a goodly company.

      It is reported that the various unofficial festivities which took place after the Ball was over were also a great success.

      It is becoming a tradition that the members attend service, by kind permission, at St Columba's Parish Church, Kingussie, an appropriate arrangement for a clan which owes its name and origin to a Parson of Kingussie who officiated there some eight hundred years ago.

      On this occasion the service was taken by the Rev. Stewart M. Macpherson, M.A., of Swinton, Berwickshire, who said that his father had been one of the founders of the Association and he was proud to follow in his footsteps by accepting the honour of being asked to officiate. He said, too, that it was a matter for gratification that a large association such as ours, in the short time at its disposal during its Annual Rally, could find time for a church service in its programme.

      On the Sunday afternoon, as was right and proper, the overseas visitors made pilgrimage to the old graveyard and remains of the ancient Priory of Kingussie and paid homage to our great ancestor, Muireach. the Parson.



      The story of the Macphersons of Galt, Ontario, begins appropriately with an ordinary family letter which allows us to see how our clansfolk emigrated to Canada a century ago. Mr John McMillan, husband of Isabel McPherson, eldest daughter of Hugh and Mary McPherson of Islay, Scotland, to Mr Archibald McPherson, Greenock:--


�6:0:0.                                                                                                       ARDBEG, 11th May 1858.
      I now enclose a cheque on the International Bank, amounting to six pounds sterling, which I hope you will get safe and cashed. This is from your father to pay the deposit money for the family's passage to Canada. Your's is not sent, as he thought it not necessary as you can do it yourself. A deposit of �1: 0: 0 for each adult is required to be paid in order to secure a passage, and the names, age, occupation and country of birth of each person must be given before a contract ticket be given as under:

           Hugh McPherson 58 years       As for occupation and country of
           Mary McIntyre 53    "       birth, you know it yourself, and
           Arch'd McPherson 22    "       let them know of it. You will
           Catherine McPherson 20    "       note that Agnes will only be
           Mary McPherson 18    "       charged half fare according to her
           Margaret McPherson 16    "       age.
           Agnes McPherson 11    "

The Agent your father is applying to is Mr David A. B. Murray, 110 Buchanan Street, Glasgow.- Mr (Rev.) Dewar wrote to him some time ago, and he said if you were away about the 14th May, that he would make the passage money �4: 15: 0, but he could not promise it after that date. So you will have to do the best as you can in securing your passage as cheap as you can. Your father is for being away with the vessel that sails on the 28th May, which is called the Sunbeam. You should see the ship and see if she is a good strong vessel. Your father is very anxious to be away from Kilchoman before the term comes.

      You will know from the Agent what day you must be on board the vessel, so that you will know when you must leave Islay.

      You will have to give up your place immediately and get everything in order, and be home as soon as possible. Your father wants you to be home on Friday, but I was telling him you cannot be home before Tuesday, but write to me on Friday and let me know how you are getting on.

      Your father is with us now four days and he is looking well. He is afraid that you are not for going away, but they will not go without you. Your mother will not go without you be with her. Try if you can secure your passage as far as Montreal for the first fare. You will have to look very sharp about everything and be home as soon as you can. Be sure and get everything correct: that is, the documents you will receive from the Agent. You will get the cheque on the Bank cashed in one of the banks in Greenock or Glasgow. I dare say you will have to pay 6d. or something that way for cashing it, but it is cheaper than a Post Office Order. You will have to put a pound to it yourself for your own.

      Bell wants you to have your likeness drawn before you come home so she will get it from you. My dear brother I hope you will look after this as well as you can and get as cheap as you can.

      Our kindest love to you, dear brother,,

I am your brother,
                                                                                                                        JOHN MCMILLAN.
Mr Arch. McPherson,

      John McMillan was the manager of the Ardbeg Distillery on the south shore of Islay off the west coast of Scotland. He was married to Isabel McPherson ("Bell"), the eldest sister of the present writer's grandfather. He had no family, and did not emigrate to Canada. His letter to his brother-in-law, Archibald McPherson, a young lad of twenty-two, is full of pathos as it reveals the circumstances of one pioneer family.

      The letter, however, does not reveal the fact that twin sons of Hugh


McPherson, Alexander and Peter, were already in Canada, although they were a year younger than Archibald, having been born at Coul in Kilchoman Parish, Islay; on the 11th June 1837. They had probably been in Canada since 1855 or 1856, and the 1858 move from Islay was meant to reunite the family.       The first home of the family was in Galt, Ontario, where Archibald was a school teacher and where the parents, Hugh McPherson and Mary McIntyre, died and were buried. The twins, Alexander and Peter, however, chose to pioneer in the virgin timber land of Grey County, Ontario. The land occupied was on the seventh and eighth concession lines of Proton Township, a mile or so north of the little village of Cedarville, the name betraying the dominant type of timber in the vicinity. The farm was named Greenbank, as a tributary of the South Saugeen River flowed through the property. The brothers probably began with Crown lots of 100 acres each, but the greatest extent of their holdings was eventually about 500 acres. Peter McPherson disposed of his land at an early date and retired to Galt. He appears never to have married.

      Alexander McPherson, the other brother and the writer's grandfather, married Janet MacKenzie of the nearby town of Mount Forest on the l7th January 1863 863, his bride an Islay girl born on the 17th March 1834. She died, at Greenbank in 1905.

      Buildings were made entirely of logs in those days and were usually one story high. However, the writer can remember climbing the old stairs as a child and playing with an old spinning wheel stored in the long-abandoned attic " upstairs."

      The family consisted of five sons and two daughters, the writer's mother, Janet, being the oldest. The others were James, Hugh, Robert, Mary, Alexander and Peter. Gaelic was the language spoken in the home until the older ones began to go to school.

      Wolves were prevalent for a number of years and were particularly destructive to the sheep-flocks. They disappeared with the forest fires of the late 1860s and early 1870s. Pioneer life was not easy. The first years spent clearing the land yielded little income, and the menfolk used to leave their families in the bush, while they walked fifty or sixty miles to the farms in the vicinity of Galt, Guelph or Acton to earn money in the harvest fields. Then they tramped it back again taking with them whatever provisions they could carry. Flour from the flour mills established on the Grand and Saugeen -Rivers had to-be carried in on their backs. Oxen were used at first to clear the land, but they were too slow and awkward for a long trip. The land, once cleared, was seeded to oats, barley and wheat. Beaver meadow hay, cut and cured on the low land near the river, was splendid for cows, sheep and even horses when they were introduced. Timothy grass and the clovers eventually became the hay crops. Turnips and potatoes were produced at an early stage.

      Alexander McPherson was a Liberal in politics and a staunch Presbyterian. He was an elder in the Church and clerk of session for


nearly forty years, and Sunday school superintendent for about the same length of time. He was secretary-treasurer of the School Section and was made a Justice of the Peace. He died on the 28th December 1912 at Greenbank and was buried in Woodland Cemetery near Mount Forest. The Rev. Hugh A. Macpherson, who was at that time minister in Chalmer's Church, Toronto, spoke at his funeral service.

      The subsequent history of Hugh McPherson and Mary McIntyre's family in Canada demonstrates the wide-ranging versatility of the Highland Scot abroad, for their grandchildren and great-grandchildren are now found in every walk of life and in every part of Canada.
      1. Archibald McPherson, schoolteacher at Galt, Ontario, with four sons and two daughters.
            (1) Rev. Hugh A. McPherson, whose daughter, Dr Jessie McPherson, is Dean of Women at Victoria College, University of Toronto.
            (2) Robert George McPherson of Vancouver, for some years Liberal M.P. for a British Columbian constituency.
            (3) Peter McPherson, badly gassed in World War 1, died shortly afterwards.
            (4) John McPherson, farmer in Saskatchewan.
      (5) Eliza, Mrs Andrew McKenzie of Hamilton, Ontario.
      (6) Mrs Finlay Russel of Vancouver.
      II. Peter McPherson, of Greenbank and Galt; unmarried.
      III. Alexander McPherson, founder of the Greenbank family.
            (1) Janet, the writer's mother, graduate nurse of Boston, Massachusetts, later in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; married William Stephen of Upper Towie, Banffshire, Scotland. She died on the 25th October 1918 and was buried in Proton Township.
            (2) James McPherson, drowned, aged eight years.
            (3) Hugh McPherson, went to the Canadian West about 1900, and homesteaded at Shaunavon, Saskatchewan; married, no issue.
            (4) Robert McPherson, homesteaded about 1900 near Strongfield, Saskatchewan; with three sons and one daughter.
                  (i) Gordon McPherson, farmer near Strongfield, Saskatchewan, with three sons and a daughter.
                        (a) Rev. Donald McPherson, in Saskatchewan.
                        (b) Wesley McPherson, farmer at Strongfield.
                        (c) Cecil McPherson, died at Saskatoon University.
                        (d) Jean, Mrs Roy Hiles of Mortlach, Saskatchewan.
                  (ii) Kenneth McPherson, farmer at Strongfield.
                  (iii) Victor McPherson, farmed at Strongfield; died, s.p.
                  (iv) Jennie, Mrs Roy Bristow of Strongfield.
            (5) Mary, Mrs Dan Ferguson, homesteaders near Cawn, Saskachewan.
            (6) Alexander McPherson, died about 1897, unmarried.
            (7) Peter McPherson, inherited Greenbank and later retired to Mount Forest. 'Married to Lena McQuarrie, with two daughters. Greenbank after Peter's time was divided and disposed of to neighbouring farmers, and the buildings totally removed.
      IV. Catherine, Mrs Angus McIntosh of Galt.
      V. Mary, and VI Margaret, both married McIntyres in Galt and Cedarville.
      VII. Agnes, Mrs James Gilchrist of Toronto, to one of whose daughters, Miss Jean Gilchrist, the writer is greatly indebted for much of the information in this account.





      In 1954 I saw an advertisement by Eatons of Montreal offering for sale a pistol with the name "Cluny Macpherson" engraved on it. I phoned Eatons immediately, but was informed that it had just been sold to agents in New York. I could get no intelligible account of its origin from the firm: it had been brought into their saleroom by an itinerant salesman who had picked it up somewhere.

      When I approached the New York buyer I found that he had sent it to Australia, where it reposed in the Museum of Applied Science in Melbourne, under the title "The Murdoch Flint Pistol." A letter of enquiry to the Director of the Museum, Dr C. M. Focken, elicited the information that the Museum dated the pistol circa 1785. The authority is H. B. C. Pollard's History of Firearms, where T. Murdoch (Leith) is listed with the Scottish gunsmiths as about 1775-95.

      In the plate accompanying this article, showing the pistol viewed from both sides, the name "T. MURDOCH" is visible under the pan, while the lozenges on each side of the handle bear the inscriptions "Cluny Macpherson" and "Creag Dhubh." This leaves it in no doubt that the weapon belonged to a chief of the clan. The date ascribed to it makes it probable that it belonged to Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, Duncan of the Kiln, son and heir of Ewan Macpherson, Cluny of the 'Forty-five. It is also probable that the pistol has recently come by devious ways from Britain, and even from Cluny Castle. On the other hand Duncan Macpherson was a prisoner in American hands during the American Revolution. In either case, how it got to Canada is a mystery.



Jack McPherson is Provincial Secretary for Ontario of Canada's "National Farm Radio Forum," a nation-wide organisation which claims to be "The Voice of Rural Canada." The Forum is a joint effort of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the Canadian Association for Adult Education and the Canadian Federation of Agriculture. The last is an alliance of farmers' organisations -- like the British Farmers' Union-and speaks for some 600,000 Canadian farmers in all branches of the industry. For the well-settled township and the isolated farm --of which there are many in Canada -- the Forum deals with the science and practice of farming, and goes into the wider problems of the social and economic side of rural life. It is a national forum, financed by the farming families themselves, but it is also a provider of material for local and family forums and discussion groups. In Ontario Mr McPherson is organiser for between 600 and 700 of these "family forums."


      At the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Branch there was a profusion of heather -- white and purple. Some of the white came from Moy, a present from The Mackintosh, and the Chairman had a bunch which he had imported from Scotland.

      Fearing this was not enough to go round, the Chairman had brought a large supply of purple heather from Newfoundland, where he told us that it grew luxuriantly in two localities. Every scrap of all three lots was taken. His tale of how it came there was very interesting.

      Some seventy-five years ago a former Premier, Right Honourable Sir Robert Bond, P.C., imported a number of trees from Scotland to plant about his country house in Whitbourne. The roots were wrapped in heather, and seeds from this had taken root and spread over quite an area.

      The other place is Calvert, near Ferryland, where Sir George Calvert, afterwards Lord Baltimore, founder of Maryland, had settled in 1621.

      Here a Scots Regiment had been quartered a century or more ago, and when the heather with which their "biscuits," as they called their palliasses, were stuffed, went dead they shook it out and replaced it by a plant whose growth much resembles heather -- locally known as blackberry.

      There again the seeds took root and the heather has spread over a large area.


      The Vice-Chairman of the Association, Hugh Macpherson, who is also the President of the Scottish Pipe Band Association, spent part of 1956 touring the U.S.A. and Canada. He and Mrs Macpherson covered 20,000 miles. The tour was a business trip, but Mr Macpherson made a broadcast in British Columbia on the Edinburgh International Festival and was interviewed on TV in Seattle, Washington. He showed his colour films of Scotland many times, and thereby stiffed up a lot of interest. In September Hugh also attended his own stall at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto, and was a guest of the Exhibition officials at a reception.

      In the spring of 1957 Mr Macpherson became Progressive Councillor for the Murrayfield-Cramond Ward of Edinburgh. He thereby becomes the third Macpherson on the City Council, the others being Councillors Tom and William Macpherson for Holyrood and Liberton.



      At the 1956 Annual General Meeting in Newtonmore, Lord Macpherson of Drumochter, who headed the Clan House Appeal Fund from its inception, intimated that he desired to turn over the Chairmanship to another member of the Council domiciled in Scotland, and suggested that Hugh Macpherson, Vice-Chairman of the Association, take on the job, which suggestion met with agreement.

      In taking on the task, I said that first of all I felt that Lord Macpherson should be thanked very sincerely for his splendid work in connection with the Fund, and in this, all members of the Council heartily concurred. As the new Chairman, I then announced that the East of Scotland Branch intended to hold a Sale of Work in November. �136 was raised at the Sale. Of this sum �100 was immediately remitted to the Treasurer, Mr Allan G. Macpherson, in Inverness, to be applied against the House Debt. You see, we Macphersons do not like to pay interest. Now, it must be gratifying to all clan members that our indebtedness is down to �1,100, and if all of us put our shoulder to the wheel, we can wipe this sum off completely within the four-year period as indicated by myself at the 1956 Annual General Meeting.

      While attending the Annual Gathering of the Canadian Branch in Toronto in September, I was greatly heartened by the virility of our members there, and the Chairman, Lieut.Colonel Cluny Macpherson, C.M.G., M.D., along with the Secretary, Colonel Rivers-Macpherson, O.B.E., assured me of their utmost support.

      Donations from individuals and branches may be sent to me, or to our Treasurer in Inverness, and you may be sure, that like yourselves, we shall really be prepared to celebrate in true Highland fashion, when the time comes to burn the mortgage.

                                                                                        HUGH MACPHERSON, F.S.A.SCOT., BALNAGARROW, 51 GLEBE ROAD,


CMA Accounts
pages 32-33


By NORMAN L. MACPHERSON, Registrar and Curator

      The season Easter till September 1956 was a very busy one in spite of, or possibly because of, the disappointing surnmer. Visitors from the near and far parts of the world have inspected our treasures, have learned something of our Clan Story and have gone away with a new understanding of the meaning of Clanship. An increase in the number of visitors over that of last year has to be recorded, giving a total of almost 1,550 -- 100 more than last year.

      Members of other clans have not been slow to congratulate Clan Macpherson on their " go-aheadness " in setting up a centre in which clan relics can be viewed. The most recent expression of this sentiment came from Senator W. McL. Robertson of Ottawa, Canada, Chairman of the Canadian Clan Donnachaidh Association, who, with his wife, visited our museum in October.

      There have been several bus loads of visitors from this country and Sweden, who were spending a holiday, week-end touring part of Scotland, or who were on a conducted tour visiting historic sites and scenes in this country. Our Swedish visitors were very greatly impressed and were interested to learn that a sept of Clan Macpherson is to be found in their country.

      Various donors have again sent us some very interesting items which will add to the appeal of the Museum. The donors are thanked for their several gifts and the appreciation of the Council is extended to them.
          A Highlander Looks Back, by Angus Macpherson, from the Proprietors of The Oban Times;
           Souvenir. Booklet of Nova Scotia Gaelic Mod, 1955, from Lieut.-Colonel Cluny Macpherson, C.M.G., M.D., St John's, Newfoundland;
           Kinlochmoidart's Dirk, by Lord Sands, from A.- F. Macpherson, Edinburgh;
           Athole Collection of the Dance Music of Scotland (2 vols.), from D. Stewart Macpherson, Edinburgh;
           Roll of Honour of Edinburgh University, 1914-1919, and Macpherson's Voyages, edited by J. Scott Hughes, from a member who wishes to remain anonymous;
           Carte-de-visite photograph of Old Cluny, in memory of Miss L. A. U. Patterson, from her brother, James D. Patterson, Ickenham, Middlesex;
           Photographs of Lieut.-Colonel Duncan Macpherson, Colonel Duncan Macpherson and group, Captain E. H. D. Macpherson, Albert Cameron Macpherson and James Mackay, gamekeeper, Cluny Castle, along with a piece of marble from the Shah Nujjif Mosque in Lucknow, the written description on which is believed to be in the handwriting of Lieutenant E. H. D. Macpherson, 93rd Highlanders (22nd Cluny), from Mr and Mrs Hugh M. Millin, Gergask, Laggan;
           Photograph of the 1895 Gathering at Cluny Castle, from George Macpherson, Inverness. There have also been loaned for exhibition an Old-Fashioned Purse and three Crested Vest Buttons, which are family heirlooms, by E. Graham McPherson, Culloden.


Sixth List of Subscribers [to the Museum Building Fund]



      MAcPHERSON-RANKEEILOR . -- On 25th August 1956, George Andrew Macpherson, F.C.I.I., eldest son of Mr and Mrs George A. Macpherson, 1 Chesser Loan, Edinburgh, to Aileen Margaret Greig Rankeillor, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs J. Rankeillor, 82 West Holmes Gardens, Musselburgh, by the Rev. A. E. L. Paterson, M.A., at the High Church, Musselburgh.

      MORGAN-MACPHERSON.-- On 26th June 1957 Robert Ivan Morgan, son of Mrs V. and the late Mr Robert G. Morgan, of New Zealand, to Heather Elizabeth Faith Macpherson, daughter of Mr and Mrs Campbell L. Macpherson, St John's, Newfoundland, at Cochrane Street United Church, St John's.


      The Rev. Hector Macpherson, M.A., PH.D., F.R.S.E., F.R.A.S., a notable Edinburgh minister, who made his mark as pastor, writer, historian and astronomer, died suddenly in Edinburgh on Saturday, 19th May 1956.

      Bom in 1888, Dr Macpherson was a son of the late Hector Macpherson, formerly editor of the Edinburgh Evening News, of whom he published a memoir. He was educated privately and at Edinburgh University and New College, where he was Waterbeck Prizeman and Cunningham Fellow. In 1916 he was ordained as a United Free Church minister at Loudoun, Newmilns, where he spent five years, with the exception of a spell of service with the Y.M.C.A. in France.

      Since 1921 he had been minister of Guthrie Memorial Church, Edinburgh, in which he had a long and distinguished ministry, notably among young people.

      Dr Macpherson was never afraid of controversy in a cause in which he believed. The son of a doughty Presbyterian and Home Ruler, he was at various times prominent on Scottish Nationalist platforms, and he was a strong upholder of the simplicity of the traditional Scottish forms of worship. Particularly attracted to the witness of the Covenanters, he wrote the standard biography of Alexander Shields and other works, took part in the famous "Lambeth controversy " in the 1930s, and watched closely the more recent conversations with the Church of England. On the place of women in the Church and the Church's attitude to war he was also outspoken.

      With a keen interest in natural science, Dr Macpherson devoted much of his spare time to the study of astronomy. Over the past fifty years he gave many lectures and wrote many books on the subject, including biographies of Herschel and other pioneers.

      In 1917 Dr Macpherson married Miss Catherine Ann Chisholm, and he is survived by his wife and two sons and two daughters.

                                                                                               (Report, Scotsman, 21st May 1956)

      The death occurred on Sunday, 1st January, following a period of declining health, of Mrs Cattanach, Glendell, Kingussie, only eighteen months after the sudden death of her husband, Mr Alex. Cattanach, mason. It is recalled that Mr Cattanach passed away in Inverness, where he was attending a British Legion conference in his capacity as Chairman of the Local Branch. Since his death the business has been carried on by Mrs Cattanach and her two sons, and to the latter much sympathy is expressed in this further grievous loss. She was of a quiet and kindly disposition and was always ready to help a good cause. She acted as Treasurer of the Badenoch Branch of the Clan Macpherson Association.

      A former President of the Camanachd Association passed away in the Royal Northern Infirmary, Inverness, in September 1956, in the person of Mr Archibald Macpherson, Portree. Mr Macpherson, who was 77 years of age, worked in Glasgow for many years and returned to his native island on retiring. In his youth be played for Glasgow Skye Shinty Team, and later his services as a referee were much in demand. He was president of the Camanachd Association during the period 1951-54. The loss suffered by shinty by his death was referred to by the President of the Association, Mr E. Ormiston, at a meeting of the Council of that body in Inverness on 21st September.

      It is with deep regret that we have to record the deaths of the following members and we would ask the relatives to accept this expression of our sympathy:
North of Scotland Branch - Archibald Macpherson, Upper Ollach, Isle of Skye.

East of Scotland Branch - Herbert Taylor Macpherson, 26 Cameron Street, Dunfermline.
                                              Alexander McPherson, 180 St John's Road, Edinburgh, 12.

West of Scotland Branch - Mrs Margaret B. Macpherson, Bridge of Weir.

England and Wales Branch - Mrs Henrietta Pennington Gardiner, London.

Southland Branch - John Macpherson, Invercargill.
                                         Mrs Jean Ogilvie Macpherson, Invercargill.


(To the tune of "Westering Home")
By THOMAS CATTANACH, The Bard of Newtonmore

                                              Tell of your Chief in the 'Forty-Five,
                                              A price on his head, dead or alive,
                                              That in a cave he did survive
                                              In the beautiful land of Badenoch.

                                              Welcome home to the land so fair,
                                              Breathe once again the pure mountain air,
                                              See the old homestead, the cairns are still there,
                                              In the beautiful land of Badenoch.

                                              Tell the most wonderful story of all,
                                              How from heaven the Black Chanter did fall,
                                              Acknowledged by Chief, accepted by all,
                                              In the beautiful land of Badenoch.

                                              Tell of the Green Banner with pride and conceit,
                                              Unfurled in battle it knew not defeat;
                                              There at the Clan House you it will greet
                                              In the beautiful land of Badenoch.

                                              When Queen Victoria came this way,
                                              Our Chief, as host, had a difficult day.
                                              She asked his price, but he would not say,
                                              For the beautiful land of Badenoch.



Reports from the Branches
pages 38-44






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