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CONTENTS.    20   21


Page
Office-Bearers     2
The Rally, 1954     4
A Scot in North America     6
Donald Macpherson, Alexandria.    7
Angus Macpherson, Invershin     7
William Macpherson,Glenkinchie     8
New Zealanders in Badenoch     8
Sir John Macpherson and Warren Hastings
by J.E. Macpherson
    9
The Chairman  16
Photograph of Lt-Col. Allan I Macpherson 16A
Photograph of Newfoundland Ceremony at Edinburgh Castle   16B
Newfoundland Ceremony at Edinburgh Castle  17
Letter to the Editor  19
Status of the Clan Macpherson House and Museum
Fourth List of Subscribers
A "Mary" Brooch   16
French Manuscript Memoirs of the 'Forty-five   22
Encounter With a Wildcat, A Tribute to Lt-Col A. I. Macpherson
from a Friend by Capt. P. M. Campbell
  23
Cluny's Escpe to France, 1755, A Bicentenary
by Alan G. Macpherson
  25
Brigadier-General James B. McPherson by A. F. Macpherson  27
Photograph of B.Gen James Birdseye McPherson   28A
Photograph of the Macphersons of Sydney, Nova Scotia   28B
CMA Financial Reports for 1953   30
Obituary/Marriages   32
Reports from Branches  33
Additions to the Membership List to 31st December 1954  421
Notices    45
Back Cover (Blank)    46

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Masthead No. 7      1955

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CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION.

Hon. President:
EWEN GEORGE MACPHERSON of CLUNY MACPHERSON,
Chief of the Clan.

Hon. Vice-President:
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON of Pitmain. M.V.O.,
Senior Chieftain of the Clan
25 Castle Road, Oatlands Park, Weybridge, Surrey

Rt. Hon. Lord MACPHERSON of Drumochter,
Fairstead, Great Warley, Brentwood, Essex.

Major NIALL MACPHERSON, M.P., High Larch, Iver Heath, Bucks.

The Right Hon. EWENA. MACPHERSON, Q.C. Chief Justice of Manitoba (since decceased)

COUNCIL

OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION.

Chairman :
Lt.-Col. ALLAN I. MACPHERSON, Bachelor Wing Flat,
Poltalloch, Kilmartin, Argyll Vice-Chairman :
HUGH MACPHERSON, F.S.A Scot, Balnagarrow, 51 Glebe Road, Cramond

Hon. Secretary:
A. F. MACPHERSON, W.S., 16 Castle Street, Edinburgh,

Hon. Treasurer :
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON, Tigh-Tiorail, 32 Crown Drive, Inverness

Editor of the Clan Annual
ALAN G. MACPHERSON, M.A., F.R.M.S., Department of Geography,
The University of St Andrews, Fife

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BADENOCH- JOHN S. MACPHERSON, Dukeville, Kingussie
INVERNESS & NORTH OF SCOTLAND--Mrs M. MACWILLIAM "Tarnash," Diriebught Road, Inverness

E. GRAHAM MCPHERSON Herdhuir Cottage, Westhill, Culloden
EAST OF SCOTLAND- D. STEWART MACPHERSON, M.B., F.R.C.S.22 Learmonth Crescent, Edinburgh, 4.

Miss M.E.H.D. MACPHERSON41 Dovecot Road, Edinburgh, 12.
WEST OF SCOTLAND-DONALD MCPHERSON20 Ancaster Drive, Glasgow, W2,

HAMISH MACPHERSON,1356 Pollokshaws Road, Glasgow, S.1,
ENGLAND & WALES-Lt.-Col. DUNCAN I. MACPHERSON
OF BANCHOR, O.B.E.,
The Cleave, Bideford, Devon.

J. GORDON MACPHERSON,Normans, Great Warley, Brentwood, Essex.
CANADA- Lt. Col. Cluny Macpherson, C.M.C., M.D. St. John's, Newfoundland

Col. E. R. RIVERS MACPHERSON,
O.B.E., F.R.S.A., F.R.G.S.,
80 Ontario Avenue, Ottawa.
SOUTHLANDDANIEL MACPHERSON175 Duke St, Invercargill.

E.M. MACPHERSON,64 Louisa St, Invercargill.
OTAGO, N.Z.David S. McPHERSON 86 Eglington Road, Dunedin

BRIAN MCPHERSON,55 Bellona, Dunedin
CANTERBURY- F.W.J. MURDOCK MACPHERSON267 Burnside Road, Christchurch.

R. ROSS McPHERSON,267 Burnside Road, Christchurch
U.S.A. Mrs ALBERTA MACPHERSON-COSTELLO371 East 21st St, Brooklyn, NY.

Registrar : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NORMAN L. MACPHERSON, Clan Macpherson House, Newtonmore

Clan Piper :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ANGUS MACPHERSON, Invershin.

Junior Piper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .DONALD MACPHERSON, Clydebank

Hon. Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .KENNETH N. McPHERSON, C.A., Edinburgh.

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The Rally, 1954

      THE Annual Rally of the Association was held from the 20th to 22nd August 1954, and repeated the success of former rallies. Events took place in Newtonmore, Kingussie and Laggan, including a visit to Cluny Castle and Glentruim House. Clansmen and clanswomen attended from all over the country, and overseas clansmen included Dr Cluny Macpherson, Chairman of the Canadian Branch of the Association, and Mrs W. J. Henderson of the Southland Branch.

      On Friday evening the Rally opened with a ceilidh in the Village Hall, Newtonmore, at which there was a large attendance. Major Niall Macpherson, M.P., acted as "fear an tighe," and welcomed the audience of members, friends and visitors. An appreciated programme of Gaelic and Scots songs, piping, dancing and musical items was enjoyed. The programme opened with bagpipe selections by Dr Mackay, Laggan, and included country dancing by the Dalwhinnie Trio, Highland dancing by Miss Ishbel Mackay, Laggan, and clarsach playing by Mrs Murray, Kingussie. Mr Gilmour Barr, Director of Music in Glasgow Schools, once again holidaying in Badenoch, provided flute music (accompanied on the piano by Major Niall Macpherson, who took a most active part, besides doing duty as "fear an tighe "). Pipe music was also played by Mr Hugh, Macpherson, Edinburgh, president of the Scottish Pipe Band Association, and the singers were Mr Tom Cattanach, Newtonmore, Rev. T. U. and Mrs Titterington, Laggan, who also sang duets; Miss Ruth Macpherson. (Gaelic); Mrs Rose Stewart (English and Gaelic), accompanied by Mrs Murray; Mrs Hunter, Pitlochry (Gaelic and English); Miss Barnett and Miss Ross (duets), and Mr Andrew Macpherson, Corrour, who also sang in Gaelic. The "fear an tighe " appeared on the platform to provide comic songs before the final item, community singing of popular numbers Highland and Lowland. The Badenoch Trio played during the interval and for several of the items on the programme.

      On Saturday morning the Annual General Meeting of the Association was held in the Village Hall, Newtonmore, Major Niall Macpherson, M.P., presiding. After a message of loyal greeting had been proposed to the Chief, Cluny Macpherson, Lord Macpherson of Drumochter described his recent meeting with Cluny in Australia. "It was a thrill to meet the Chief personally," said Lord Macpherson, and in sending his good wishes to those at home Cluny had said how sorry he was that circumstances prevented his being in the homeland.

      Presenting the Council's Report for the year, Major Niall Macpherson particularly congratulated the Edinburgh and East of Scotland Branch on its activity and enthusiasm, describing it as "the most active branch of any any Clan Association in the country." The Inverness Branch, he added, ran Edinburgh a close Second. Major Macpherson referred to the devoted services, of Lord Macpherson in raising funds for the Clan House, and appealed once more for a greater effort to increase

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contributions to help pay off the debt on this property. The Association had led the way in linking clan associations throughout the world, many having sprung to life, after being dormant for years. Major Macpherson emphasised the importance of this bond which bound people together, something which could not be more important to-day when values were threatened. He especially welcomed Colonel Cluny Macpherson, Chairman of the Canadian Branch, to the Rally.

      During the meeting tribute was paid to two members who had died, Alexander Cattanach, Glendell, Kingussie, "one of the Association's most ardent supporters," and the Rev. Alexander Macpherson, Greenock.

      Presenting the Curator's Report on the Clan House, Mr A. F. Macpherson, Edinburgh, Secretary, announced recent additions to the Museum. Major Macpherson expressed the Association's appreciation of the generosity of donors, and said that all were glad to see the Museum at the Clan House exparnding each year.

      Office-bearers elected for the ensuing year were:-- Chairman, Lt.-Col. Allan I. Macpherson; Vice-Chairman, Mr Hugh Macpherson, Edinburgh; Hon. Secretary, Mr A. F. Macpherson, w.s., Edinburgh; Hon. Treasurer, Mr Allan G. Macpherson, Inverness; Registrar and Curator of Clan House, Mr Norman L. Macpherson ; Editor of Creag Dhubh, Mr Alan G. Macpherson, Edinburgh; Hon. Auditor, Mr Kenneth N. McPherson, CA., Edinburgh; Clan Pipers, Messrs Angus, Macpherson, Inveran and Donald Macpherson, Glasgow. In addition to the two Vice-Presidents in office, Lt.-Col. A. K. Macpherson of Pitmain and Lord Macpherson of Drumochter, the retiring Chairman, Major Niall Macpherson, and the ex-Chairman of the Canadian Branch, the Hon. Ewan A. Macpherson, Chief Justice of Manitoba, were elected as Vice-Presidents.

      The Chairman of the Canadian Branch, Col. Cluny Macpherson, who received a special welcome at the meeting, spoke of the great success of the Clan Association in Canada, and of his pleasure at being present for the first time at a Rally in Badenoch.

      On Saturday afternoon. over eighty members attending the Rally made a tour of the Laggan country, visiting Cluny Castle, where they were cordially welcomed by Captain and Mrs Lindsay. 'The party then went to the Dr MacDonald Memorial Hall at Laggan Bridge, where tea was provided under arrangements made by Mrs Allan Macpherson, Inverness, and ladies of the Badenoch Branch. The tour was concluded with a visit to Dalwhinnie and then Glentruim, where, Mrs Macpherson of Glentruim greeted the party.

      A Ball, held in the, Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie, on Saturday evening, was well attended and proved one of the most enjoyable of any recent clan dances. Excellent music was provided by the augmented Badenoch Trio, whose standard of playing was specially remarked on by many visitors. The duties of M.C. were carried out by Mr John S. Macpherson, and an excellent buffet was provided by the hotel.

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      The Annual. Church Service -- the customary conclusion to the Rally -- was held in St Columba's Parish Church, Kingussie, by kind permission of the Very Rev. Dr Macfarlane, on Sunday morning. The lessons were read by the Chairman, Lt.-Col. Allan 1. Macpherson, and Mr Hugh Macpherson, Vice-Chairman. The service was conducted and the sermon preached by the Rev. Adam A. Macpherson, MAE., Donne, Perthshire.

A SCOT ON HOLIDAY IN NORTH AMERICA
      The Editor has received a long letter from Mr John Macpherson, ex-Chairman and a co-Founder of the North of Scotland Branch of the Association, describing the prolonged holiday which he has been enjoying in the U.S.A. and Canada. The object of the visit was primarily to meet a brother who emigrated over thirty years ago, but soon after his arrival John had the wonderful experience of foregathering with no less than thirty aunts, uncles and cousins, many, of whom he had never seen before.

      With the hospitality showered upon him John was able to crisscross the States from New York to California and from Michigan to Florida. All the way he, was greatly impressed with, the beauty of the country and the comfort afforded by the ultra-modem motels at which he halted.

      His Californian holiday began with two weeks at Palm -Springs, the fashionable resort between the Mohave Desert and the Mexican frontier. Later he motored to Los Angeles, Hollywood, and Long Beach.

      The next stage in his continental tour was inspired by correspondence with Mrs Macpherson-Costello, the enthusiastic secretary of the U.S.A. Branch. This resulted in John setting off from California to attend the Rally of the Canadian Branch at Montreal on the 1lth September. In true Scots fashion John accomplished much of this by hitch-hiking across half the continent to his brother's home in Michigan. There he joined a cousin, Mrs Marion Macpherson-Fead, of the University City of Ann Arbor (just West of Detroit), and journeyed with her to Montreal. At the Rally he shook off the effects of the cold Ontario winds in the warmth of the Canadian welcome, and was very appreciative of the Canadian drams (the real stuff surely ?) offered to the many far-travelled clansmen of North America.

      Before he leaves for Scotland in March 1955, John hopes to have, a, second gathering with his Macpherson cousins in the States and intends to persuade them to join the Association. We hope he succeeds and that the rest of his trans-Atlantic experiences will be as pleasant as those of which he writes.

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DONALD MACPHERSON, ALEXANDRIA
Champion Piper

      The past year, 1954, was a year, of continued success for Donald Macpherson of Alexandria, the Association's Junior Piper. Indeed, with the Highland Society of London's Gold Medal for pibroch he, has been said to have won the "Blue Riband of Piping." With this award and an accompanying prize from the Piobaireachd Society for his playing of "The Lament for the Children," at the Northern Meeting at Inverness, Donald, has now won practically every leading award in the world of piping. On the 23rd September, the day after his supreme success, he played pibroch with ten of the leading pipers in Scotland and won the Gold Clasp to the Highland Society's Medal. These two awards are listed below with others won during the year :--
      Glasgow. -- 1st Prize and Oban Times Gold Medal (second, successive year). 1st Prize and the Findlay MacKenzie Trophy (second successive year). 3rd Prize.
      Glen Finnan. -- 1 st Prize.
      Cowal. - 1st Prize and the Glen Caladh Trophy.
      Oban. -- 1st Prize and the Shirvan Cup (outright after three successive years).
      Inverness. -- 1st Prize and the Highland Society of London Gold Medal.
      1st Prize and the Gold Clasp and the MacBrayne Challenge Trophy (both second successive year).

      He also won the Angus John MacDonald Trophy, the James Johnstone Trophy, the Donald MacDougal Cup and other prizes for marches, reels, strathspeys and jigs.

      Mr Macpherson, who is a mechanical engineer at Alexandria in Dunbartonshire, has been taught by his father, Mr Iain Macpherson, senior, recent winner- of the First Prize and Gold Medal at the Veteran Pipers' Association Competition in the Highlanders Institute, Glasgow. Mr Iain Macpherson has five sons, all of them pipers, and Donald's younger brother Iain was fourth-in the pibroch competition for the Gold Medal at Inverness.

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ANGUS MACPHERSON, INVERSHIN
Presentation to Veteran Piper
      At the Northern Meeting at Inverness on the 23rd September 1954, Mr Angus Macpherson, of Invershin, Sutherland, the Association's Senior Piper, was presented by Cameron of Lochiel with an inscribed Clan Macpherson Badge in recognition of his sixty years as competitor, spectator and judge at the meeting.

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WILLIAM MACPHERSON, GLENKINCHIE
"Tripple Crown" in the British Fat Stock World
      In Mr William J. Macpherson, their herd manager, the Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd., have one of the supreme " artists " of the world of fat stock showing. At the company's farm at Glenkinchie in East Lothian Mr Macpherson has recently completed a remarkable run of successes, some of which have never been equalled. Under his management the Glenkinchie herd has 'won the Smithfield (London) Championship four times now, and with the success on the 6th December 1954, it took the "triple crown" of the British fat stock world, having carried off the honours at Smithfield, Edinburgh and Birmingham in three successive years.

      The champion in 1954 was the first-cross heifer, " Hilda," then 2 years 101 months old, and she won easily on conformation and even fleshing against the reserve steer which was her runner-up at both Edinburgh and London.

      At Smithfield Mr Macpherson had other successes, besides Hilda " as " Best in the Show " and " Best Heifer." In the- " Best Steer " Class he took second reserve with a first-cross, " Major "; in the " Best Senior Steer " Class, first reserve with " Major "; in the " Beg Senior Heifer " Class, champion and second reserve with " Hilda " and " Eve of Greenyards "; in the " Best Junior Heifer " Class, champion with " Heather." In the Prize List Mr Macpherson won two firsts in the Aberdeen Angus Section, four firsts in the first-crosssection and three firsts in the second- and third-cross sections.

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NEW ZEALANDERS IN BADENOCH
      Among visitors 'to Badenoch this past summer were two ladies from New Zealand, Miss Henderson and her, sister, Miss Hyacinth Henderson. Their mother was a Macpherson from Inverness-shire originally although her people went south to Dunoon. Miss Henderson is Matron of the General Hospital at New Plymouth and Miss Hyacinth a nursing sister at Opunake Hospital, both towns lying on the coast at the foot of Mount Egmont in the North Island. I While in Badenoch Miss Hyacinth called on Mrs A. J. Macpherson, the Branch Secretary, seeking information about the Association, and it transpired that she lives a few miles from Mrs Macpherson's daughters, Sheila and Seonaid. She was disappointed to find that there was no branch of the Association in the North Island, and was even more disappointed that she could not stay with her sister for the Rally, having arranged to travel on the Continent at that time. I Rally, welcoming them into the Association we hope that they will revisit Badenoch and encourage others of our New Zealand clansfolk to follow their example.

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SIR JOHN MACPHERSON AND WARREN HASTINGS
By J. E. MACPHERSON

      In a former article by the writer (Creag Dhubh, No. 6) on Sir John Macpherson, Governor-General of India, certain lines of research were left untouched and certain questions unanswered. Further work on unpublished MSS. of Warren Hastings's Correspondence in the British Museum, and also in a very interesting book, Letters of Warren Hastings to Sir John Macpherson, by Professor H. Dodwell published in 1927, but unfortunately out of print since 1934, has now uncovered material which greatly enlarges the picture of our notable, clansman.

      It was mentioned that it might remain one of the secrets of history how young John, fresh from college, was able to meet and so impress the Nabob of Arcot, who, according to all the sources of information, was what nowadays would be called a pretty tough specimen -- "implacable" is one of the terms applied to him by Hastings. Some light is shed on this by a combination of material in the MSS. with some supplied by Professor Dodwell.

      It appears that there was a Scots colony in Madras and, according to Hastings, it was "to a man almost, Partisans of the Nabob." It does not require much imagination to see young John, taken ashore by his uncle, Captain Macleod of the East Indiaman, and proceeding with him to the club, where the local gossip was all of the fight between the Company and the Nabob, especially as at the time the Nabob was seething with indignation because the Governor and Council of Madras had plunged incautiously and unsuccessfully into their first war with Hyder Ali of Mysore. It can be inferred that history was one of John's subjects at Aberdeen, or perhaps at Edinburgh, for he realised at once that the Nabob, as a signatory of the Treaty of Paris, was not a minion of the East India Company, but an ally of the British Crown. Hence the impression on the Nabob, hence the secret mission to England. Hence also, we may add, a great deal of trouble for the Company in succeeding years: whenever the home government required a pretext for interfering in the Company's affairs, this constitutional point was brought out and made use of. Professor Dodwell gives John -- who, born in 1745, was but twenty-three years old at the time -- full credit for the discovery of the legal point, which no one else had thought of.

      Professor Dodwell's book contains a portrait from a painting by an unknown artist. Although it is in profile, the resemblance to the miniature, presented to the Clan Museum last year, is obvious. The Professor states that the letters had been continuously in the hands of Sir John's family till they were given to him to edit. His introduction and comments an the letters are interesting and valuable. The effect is to show not so much Hastings the statesman, as Hastings the intimate friend.

      When in England on his mission John Macpherson came into contact with many important people in government circles, among them Lord Shelburne, a Secretary of State with a special interest in

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India, later to become Prime Minister, and, later still, Marquis of Lansdowne. In 1769, when John returned to India, he was appointed private secretary to the Governor of Madras. At that time Hastings was also in Madras, holding the important post of Second of Council. A letter in the unpublished MSS. from Warren Hastings to Lord Shelbourne, written in the hand of a secretary, here becomes of interest. It is dated Fort St George (the military title for Madras), 16th July 1771; and begins:

". . . Mr McPherson has assured me that my Opinion on the Affairs of the East India Company would not be unacceptable to your Lordship. . . . I am very happy that any part of my former conduct should have given your lordship so favourable an Opinion of me as you have been pleased to express in your letter. I am too sensible of the Value which ought to be placed on the Approbation of a Person of your distinguished Station and Character not to work to preserve it."

      The letter is too long to give in full, but the following extracts will give a summary view of the contents:

      " . . . Your Lordship's remarks upon the dishonourable and mismanaged Scene of India Politics have, I fear, too much foundation. . . . The Divisions which have unhappily prevailed for some Years in England. . . . I am affraid [sic] it is an unavoidable Consequence of such Opposition, and of the personal Animosity, which always accompanies them, that every Measure taken or approved by one Party will be pronounced and deemed criminal by the other. . ."

      He proceeds to describe how some of the Company's servants in Bengal had amassed ". . . immense fortunes which they displayed too ostentatiously at home and it is not peculiar to the people of England alone to hate

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those who get Money by means just or unjust which Fortune has placed beyond their own Reach . . ." 1       Several pages follow, describing the need for reforms, particularly in Bengal, and the necessity for a union of the three governments of Bombay, Madras and Bengal.

      Within a few months of writing this letter, Hastings was appointed head of the Bengal Council, which was shortly to be made the supreme Council for the whole of India, with the object of carrying out the reforms he had specified as essential. Lord Shelburne was certainly in a position to influence the appointment, and he adopted a very unusual method of putting himself in touch with a very senior official of the Company through a very junior one. Several people have claimed credit for inspiring the appointment: as to what extent Macpherson had a hand in it, the reader can form his own opinion.

      A second letter from Warren Hastings, 2 dated Fort St George, 31st January 1772, after referring to his earlier letter, informs Lord Shelburne that:
". . . The Court of Directors have since been pleased to confer upon me the Government of their 'Possessions in Bengal, an Honour equally unsolicited and unexpected on my Part. . . . This letter will be conveyed to your Lordship

      The correspondence which followed those letters lasted over a period of seven years, and the relationship, almost to the end, was on terms of intimate friendship.       There is no doubt Macpherson was very successful in defending Hastings from the plotting of his enemies, both before the home Government and in the House of Commons. Of the value of this defence Professor Dodwell says, "The disputes in Bengal had made Hastings anxious to have trusty representatives at London, who could point out to those in authority the more obvious falsehoods that Philip Francis and his associates were endeavouring to propagate.

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Macpherson had offered to act and Hastings welcomed the proposals. He was in many ways right. Macpherson had decided talents for negotiation. His smooth and pleasing manners, his conciliatory turn of mind, his aristocratic connections, gave him considerable advantages over the active but inexperienced and injudicious men, such as, Macleane, or at a later term, Scott. . . . During his stay in England Macpherson undoubtedly rendered great service with the Ministry."

      One of these services was to obtain a copy of a document prepared by the Ministry in 1776, based on material produced by his enemies , and intended to form the ground for an impeachment. This he sent out to Hastings with the warning that now, as he knew what charges would be preferred against him, he could prepare in advance his evidence in rebuttal.

      On another occasion he is known to have threatened Lord North to put Hastings' case in the hands of the Opposition. Apparently the threat was enough, as he did not do so. This and other similar actions on his part were referred to at the time as " Macpherson's bullying of the Minister in defence of Hastings."

      The following extract from a letter written by Hastings to a friend in July 1782, speaks for itself:
            "I have not opened Mr McPherson's letters . . . . He is the only man in England who possesses a cool prescient Mind. All the rest, Great and Small, wise as well as foolish, despond on every Reverse of Fortune, and presume on a ray of Prosperity. I send you one of his letters to read because I like the spirit of it. . . ."

      In a letter quoted by Dodwell, Macpherson points out that Hastings had been attacked by the methods of corruption:
            "There were some others besides your direct opponents who had a deep interest in your removal and who worked through the whole spiral line of corruption and intrigue that runs from the foot of the Th-------- to the meanest voter's stall in the East End of the town."

      A related letter refers to James Macpherson of Ossian fame:
            "It has been very fortunate for you and him (Mr Barwell) that my friend and namesake Mr Jas. Macpherson has been and is the confidential man with the Government in India and other affairs. I wrote you before of this and of his refusing to draw out a state against you."3

      In this connection there is an interesting reference to two other members of the he Clan:
". . . Please let me make it a point with you that you will attend to the two Captns Macpherson on your Establishment, they are his cousins . . . . 3       (A letter from James Macpherson himself expands this a little:
". . . Captains Allan and John Macpherson are among my nearest relatives and their success was one of the principal objects of my attention, for some years past, to Indian affairs . . . . 4) [The Allan Macpherson he refers to was very likely the ancestor of Sir William Alan of Cluny and Blairgowrie, 27th Chief.]

      Macpherson's personal regard and concern for Hastings is strikingly shown in a further extract from the same letter:

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      " . . . There is another Gentleman whom I must be very free in recommending strongly to your care Of FORTUNE -- whom do you imagine I can mean? He is no less a person than my friend Mr Warren Hastings. Should you come home with indifference about money, and that neglect of yourself which I always apprehend you have neither Wisdom nor good Fellowship in you. Without those I know not that virtue can exist. Verbum sap.3

      There are numerous references in the MSS. to Macpherson's relations with the Nawab of Arcot, but space will not permit of quotations. Suffice it to say that, far from there being any secrecy about the position, he discusses it freely in his letters to Hastings. His remarks on the difficulty of extracting payment, even of his expenses, from the Nawab make amusing reading.

      By 1781 Macpherson had come to be regarded as an authority on Indian and eastern affairs -- some' readers may think it unfortunate that he did not turn his talents towards the West, where we were busy losing America. In a letter dated July 1779 from Kensington Gore to the Prime Minister, Lord North, he warns against a proposed naval attack on the French at Mauritius, giving reasons why it would be valueless even if successful. Proposals follow for a new system of government in India which would unite Bombay, Madras and Bengal and would so deal with the Indian Princes as to render further interference from France ineffectual. Lord North's reply proposed an early date for a meeting to discuss the proposals.

      The reasons for Macpherson's selection for a seat on the Supreme Council were probably three, first his own reputation, combined with his knowledge and experience of India, and secondly his friendship, with Hastings. Thirdly, it must be remembered that Hastings was by this time embarked on the rather unfortunate stage of his career when he was being accused of war-mongering and was refusing to carry out orders from home. It was therefore expected that the combination of Macpherson's friendship and his known moderation would have, a good effect on Hastings.

      Things did not, in fact, work out in that way. At the time Indian finances were in a very bad state. She was suffering from the effects of the American war at home, from a long drawn-out war with the Mahrattas, from a new invasion of the Carnatic by Hyder Ali and from fears of the war with the French again spreading to India. Hastings wished to carry on the wars against both the Mahrattas and Hyder Ali: Macpherson wanted the best peace that could be patched up with the Mahrattas to enable them to act vigorously against Hyder Ali and thus deal with the French threat. From what we know of his actions later as Governor-General, we can see that he had one eye on the almost empty Treasury. We know also that he was trying to shield Hastings from the charge of war-mongering, which was doing him, so much harm at home. There is a vague charge against Macpherson of not supporting Hastings in the Council, but he was not a "Yes-man" and, judging from the military and financial chaos

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left to him to clear up when Hastings went home, there would appearto be considerable justification for his views -- which were much the same as those of the home Government and the Court of Directors of the East India Company.

      That Hastings was more the deviationist than Macpherson is shown by the following extract from Government instructions, issued through the Secretary to the Treasury, which Macpherson carried out with him to India on his appointment to the Supreme Council:
            "From the moment I saw glimmering hopes . . . that there was a chance of bringing about an union of councils to proceed in the great work of forming and establishing a system of government to give prosperity and security to our possessions in India, and permanency to the empire there, I desired most anxiously to forget all that was past, and to look to these great points in future. Your friend, Mr John Macpherson, being sent out to you, as the successor to Mr Barwell, is a strong proof of these sentiments being the object of persons at home.

            To attain these great and desirable purposes, every endeavour every means, every exertion, on my part, shall be used. I have written thereon to every member of the Supreme Council of Bengal and to Lord Macartney and Sir Edward Hughes; and I most fervently wish that this may have weight. Mr Macpherson will shew you all. Unite, reform real abuses, form a system of government on sound principles of justice and equity: and abundance extensive commerce and riches will flow from it to the whole empire, and honour to you all."7

Macpherson's policy of a peace on the Mahratta front with vigorous action in the Carnatic would appear to be the only one which would enable the Council to carry out Government instructions and deter the French.

      The dfference of opinion caused no open breach with Hastings, but the tone of the letters shows a change to a less intimate relationship, and the form of address is more often "My dear Sir" than "My dear Friend." The last letter in the correspondence, dated 13th August 1797, the date of Macphersons return to England, is to say that Hastings regretted exceedingly that he was prevented from bidding him welcome in person, as he had intended.       Two letters from Lord Macartney, Governor of Madras, show how speedily Macpherson dealt with the Company's financial difficulties on his arrival in India:                                                                                                                              "FORT ST GEORGE,
                                                                                                                                                   24th Nov. 1781
            "Accept, my dear Sir, my best and most grateful thanks for your spirited exertions in favour of this settlement. If you had not sent us the five lacks of rupees, I know not what we should have done; we have actualty no money to trust to, but what you send us."8

                                                                                                                             "The same, 3rd December 1781.
           I have this moment received your most kind and satisfactory letter, with the enclosed letter to the Nabob,for which I return you a thousand and a thousand thanks. It has made me very happy indeed. . . .

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I have the pleasure to tell you that our business is settled at last with your old friend. I enclose to you a copy of the agreement."9

The agreement referred to was the Nabob's deed of assignment of the revenues of the Carnatic to the East India Company during the war.

      Sir John's habitual generosity has been mentioned. It is amply confirmed in many of the MSS. Two extracts which concern another interesting figure of the period are typical. Colonel Macleane, at one time Under-Secretary in Lord Shelburne's administration, and at all times involved in government and Company affairs, had ruined himself, and partly ruined several of his political friends, largely through buying the Company's shares to obtain votes against a hostile proposal. The panic caused in 1769 by bad news from India, of Hyder Ali's invasion of the Carnatic, of trouble with the native Princes in Bengal and, perhaps worst of all, of the French fleet massing off Mauritius, dropped the price of the shares thirty-five points in a month. Macleane lost his personal fortune and was left with debts of �,000, which, however, he was able to reduce to �,000 before he was lost in a ship which foundered with all hands on his way back from India.

      "Poor Macleane, for whom I exhausted my whole influence was not either so successful or so ardent in my favour. But.I forgive him and regret his loss from my heart. The qualities of his mind were noble and affectionate and if he involved others he only did to them what he did without mercy to himself . . . . "5

and in a later letter:
           ". . . Macleane has left two fine children I support and they are the best trouble he has left me. I will most faithfully take care of them . . . ." 6

      If any summing up is required of this further research, it can be said at once that neither in the MSS. nor in Professor Dodwell's book can there be found any justification for the vague charges sometimes brought against him. We have already dealt with the "adventurer " theory. Another expression, "having a capacity for backstairs politics" has been applied to him by one historian. Bearing in mind the falsehood and chicanery upon which the attacks on Hastings were based, "having a capacity for defeating backstairs politics" would be nearer the truth. Further research only increases the stature of our Clansman when it becomes obvious that his own great ability as an administrator was concealed while his talents and energies were devoted to the service of Warren Hastings.
____________
Additional MSS. British Museum:
     1 29126 f.73.
     2 29126 f.97.
     3 29141 f.59.
     4 29141 011.
     5 29141 f.65.
     6 29143 f.269.
Documents explanatory of the case of Sir John Macpherson, Baronet; as Governor General of Bengal: London, undated (probably about 1790):
      7 p. 5.
      8 p. 15.
      9 p. 17.

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Lt.-Col. ALLAN IVER MACPHERSON

      It is the pleasant duty of Creag Dhubh, No. 7, to introduce to members the new Chairman of the Association, Lt.-Col. Allan Iver Macpherson. Elected at the Rally in Badenoch in August 1954, Colonel Allan is the third to hold this office, and his accession to its peculiarly onerous responsibilities after the pioneer work of Lord Macpherson of Drumochter and Major Niall Macpherson, M.P., marks the beginning of a new phase in the life of the Association. That the affairs of the Association are in safe hands is assured by the gifts which he brings to his new office for Colonel Allan backs a long experience of administration, both in the army and in business in several parts of the Commonwealth, with a personality which neverfails to win the affection of all Clansmen who come into Association with him. His ability to inspire affection extends, far beyond his own Clan, and -- to appreciate this -- members are directed to Captain P. M. Campbell's account of his encounter with a Scottish wild cat on a later page of this issue, which was written in the nature of a tribute to our new Chairman by a personal friend.       Allan Iver Macpherson was born in 1891, a scion of the old Badenoch family of Banchor, which is now represented by his eldest brother, Lt.-Col. Duncan Iver Macpherson of Banchor, O.B.E. Their father was John Archibald Iver Macpherson, of the State of Coorg in South India, and their grandfather, Surgeon-General Duncan Macpherson, Inspector-General of the Madras Presidency. Allan Iver was educated at Bedford and Sandhurst, and was commissioned in the Suffolk 'Regiment (12th Foot) on the 25th Much 1911. After serving in Egypt from 1911 to 1913, he was seconded to the West African Frontier Force (Gold Coast Regiment), with which he remained throughout the First World War, seeing service in Togoland and East Africa. He rejoined the Suffolks in 1918, an& was with them during the Irish Rebellion, 1921-22, after which he was transferred to the reserve. On his retiral from the active list he immediately joined the British Petroleum Company and remained in its service from 1922, until the, outbreak of the Second World War. Recalled to the Army in 1939, he engaged in the early campaign in France, 1939-40, and was mentioned in dispatches. The rest of the, war was spent in the Middle East, 1941-45, and with the cessation of hostilities in that theatre, he retired from the Army in 1945 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. In the following year he retired from the Shell-Mex & B.P. Company and now lives in a flat in Poltalloch on the coast of Argyll. A widower, he has two daughters, who are both married.

      Colonel Allan was one of the founder members of the Clan Association in 1938. With Alastair Macpherson-Grant, Mr Tom Macpherson -- better known now to members as Lord Macpherson of Drumochter -- Colonel Donald Nicol, and Niall Macpherson, Colonel Allan acted as Treasurer of the Promotional Committee then set up. He was one

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of the original Trustees of the piece of land on Creag Dhubh which Mrs de Falbe gifted to the Association in January 1939, his fellow Trustees being his two predecessors in the chairmanship. The Rally, which should have been held in Kingussie in September 1939, was postponed by the outbreak of war, and it was not until August 1947 that the first Rally could be held. Colonel Allan was one of those who received the guests, and with the resignation of the Promotional Committee he demitted office. After serving as a Council representative for the Badenoch Branch he was returned to office as Vice Chairman of the Association at the Rally in 1949, but was forced to resign through illness in 1952. It was with considerable pleasure, therefore, that members found him among them once more, as enthusiastic as ever, at the 1953 Rally. With his return to full health his election as Major Niall Macpherson's successor as Chairman of the Association in 1954 was the natural choice of the members, and is the seal of that affection in which he is held by his fellow Clansmen.

______________________

NEWFOUNDLAND CEREMONY AT EDINBURGH CASTLE

      On the 1st, September 1954 a ceremony took place in Crown Square, Edinburgh Castle, in which Dr Cluny Macpherson, the Chairman of the Canadian Branch of the Association, formed the central figure. He ha& been commissioned by the Newfoundland Command of the Canadian Legion of the British Empire Service League to present a plaque to the Governor of the Castle,. Sir. Colin Barber, G.O.C.-in-C., Scottish Command, "to commemorate," as the inscription reads, "the friendship of the people of Edinburgh and the Royal Newfoundland Regiment when the regiment had the honour of being the first Britons from overseas entrusted with the guardianship of this ancient and historic castle, February 19, 1915-May 11, 1915." At the ceremony Sir Colin Barber introduced Dr Cluny as Lt.-Col. Cluny Macpherson, the oldest surviving officer of the regiment.

      In presenting the plaque Dr Cluny paid tribute to the Scots influence in developing the regiment into a fine fighting force, not only within the Castle itself, but in the City of Edinburgh, and the towns of Inverness and Ayr, at which it was later stationed. After recounting the history of the regiment Dr Cluny read a letter from the War Office Records Centre to the effect that the award of the prefix "Royal" to the name of the regiment was unique in the annals of the First World War. It is the only instance of the award being made to a regiment while hostilities were still in progress.

      Dr Cluny's account of the early history of the regiment is of general interest in that it throws a vivid light on the immediate effect which the declaration of war had upon the Newfoundlanders in 1914. It also gives a modest indication of Dr Cluny's own part in its record,

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It has been reprinted, therefore, as it appeared in The Evening Telegram, published in St. John's, Newfoundland, on the 27th September 1954:--
      "In 1914, a few days after the outbreak of war, a mass meeting of citizens was called in St John's to consider enlisting men for overseas servic. We had neither peace-time military establishment nor reserves to give us a lead. The imperial troops had been removed from Newfoundland in 1870. For many decades there had been no militia. We had, however, quite active Lads' Brigade, C.L.B., C.C.C., M.G., Newfoundland Highlanders were all well organized and had armoury, rifles, bands, etc. The only two adult organizations had just been organized -- the Legion of Frontiersmen, mostly in the Outports, as the fishing villages all round our coasts are called, and the St John Ambulance Brigade, in the city only.

      "This meeting decided that Newfoundland should raise 500 troops, and a committee of citizens, named, "Newfoundland Patriotic Association," was formed to work out the details. The C.Os of each of the afore-mentioned youth organizations stepped forward and placed the use of their armouries, rifles, etc., at the disposal of the, Committee, I, as O.C., St John Ambulance Brigade, undertaking the medical care and examination of the volunteers.

      "His Excellency the Governor, by his commission C.-in-C. of all forces in Newfoundland, though not himself a military man, became Colonel and C.O. The Patriotic Association, Executive became an unwieldly Department of Militia, and functioned as such for some two years, until a Regular Department of Militia was set up by Legislature -- its head being a Cabinet Minister. Most of the younger officers of the Lads' Brigade enlisted at once and in a short time we had some hundreds under canvas and organized into Companies. Temporary commissions -were issued by His Excellency the Governor, Sir Walter Davidson, to the more expererienced of the Brigade's officers who had joined up, and training began.

      "This went ahead more rapidly than uniforms could be provided and we sent off our 500 on October 4th, 1914, in the Florizel, which rendezvoused at sea with the 1st Canadian Contingent, with nondescript headgear and with puttees made of blue cloth. Those who went in the first contingent have always since been known as the "Blue Puttees", our "Old Contemptibles." In February, C Company arrived with balaclava helmets as head-dress and were taken for Russians on arrival in Edinburgh.

      "In March I came over with D Company, which brought the regiment to strength. We disembarked at Liverpool and entrained at once for the Castle, where we found A, B and C Companies in occupation. The Newfoundland Regiment have ever regarded it as their first honour that they should have been chosen to be entrusted with the guardianship of this ancient and historic fortress -- the first overseas troops ever so entrusted, and if the truth were told, probably the first non-Scots ever to occupy it with the goodwill of the Scots.

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      "Steeped in the lore of the Castle as I was through living in Edinburgh with a great-aunt while doing post-graduate work at Edinburgh University in 1901-2, this was one of the proudest moments of my life. My great-aunt, I remember in 1901, was indignant when a non-kilted regiment was appointed to the Castle, even though that regiment was The Royal Scots -- 1st of of the line. What would she have said had she, loyal Newfoundlander that she was, lived to see Newfoundlanders garrisoning the Castle?

      "Our regiment must have here imbibed some of the spirits of the great regiments who had preceded them, for that band of raw recruits went on to make a name for themselves on the field of battle. I may speak of them without boasting. ABSIT DICTO INVIDIA. I had been sent over to make arrangements for them with the army in medical matters and had regretfully to leave for London and the War Office after a short stay here. I next encountered the regiment as a unit of the famous 29th Division -- they having replaced the 5th Royal Scots in 88th Brigade -- at Gallipoli, where the War Office had sent me on special service.

      "I next saw the regiment at Suez for a few hours only. But even then they had proven their toughness, for they had the post of honour, coming off last at the evacuation of Suvla Bay (Gallipoli), and two Companies had been landed at Cape Helles to again come off last there. Such was the name they had gained for quick thought and action in an emergency.

      "Then came the terrible ordeal of July 1, 1916, at Beaumont Hamel, when, their losses were desperate -- 753 Newfoundlanders went into action, only 68 answered to roll-call next morning. But of such value was their stand that General Hunter-Weston declared them Better than the best."

________________________

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

      SIR, -- We are told that the Wolf of Badenoch, in 1380, summoned the Bishop of Moray to appear before him at the "Standing Stones of the Rathe of Easter Kingussie" to show his titles to certain lands in Badenoch.

      Can any of your readers supply any information regarding the site of the Standing Stones and what became of them, also can anyone say, if there is any truth in the suggestion that they were used to form the roof of the mysterious so-called "Cave" of Raitts? -- ACHADUCHIL.

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Curator's Report

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Curator's Report (continued)

Fourth List of Subscribers to the Clan House Fund

____________________

A Seventeenth-century "Mary" Brooch

      The Clan Museum has received on loan, through the good offices of Colonel Allen I. Macpherson, the Chairman, a silver "Mary" brooch with an interesting tradition attached to it. The brooch, which belongs to Mrs Sefton of Sheffield, has been handed down a a family heirloom through the female line from a Macpherson ancestor, Sawney (or Alexander) Macpherson. Sawney was a boy in 1746 when the West Highlands were full of troops searching for Prince Charles

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Edward Stuart. The story goes that on one occasion Sawney was beaten by a Hanoverian officer with the flat of his sword for refusing to divulge the whereabouts of the Prince, and that in token of his admiration for the boy's courage and loyalty the officer gave him the silver brooch.

      The story has been somewhat embellished in William Martin's Heroism of Boyhood, a children's book well known to our Victorian grandparents, where the incident is referred to Loch Aweside in Argylishire, the later home of Sawney's descendants. There can be little doubt however that the episode took place in the West Highlands, or Outer Isles, where a numerous and influential branch of the Clan lived among the Clanranald Macdonalds. Neither Lochawe nor Badenoch were ever searched by parties of troops looking for the Prince.

      On receiving the brooch on behalf of the Association, Colonel Allan took it to the Antiquarian Museum in Edinburgh, where it was examined by Mr Maxwell and declared to be the oldest example of that type of brooch he had ever seen. The brooch was left a short while at the Museum, for photographing, and is now in the Clan Museum with a certificate as to its antiquity. [This brooch is currently on display in the Museum. RM]

FRENCH MANUSCRIPT MEMOIRS OF THE 'FORTY-FIVE
      The Clan Museum is greatly indebted to Mrs Macpherson, widow of Brigadier-General Alexander Duncan Macpherson of the Banchor family, for the gift of the original manuscript of The Memoirs of the Chevalier Johnstone, one of the best known of the contemporary accounts of the "Forty-five." This valuable gift has been made in memory of General Macpherson, and is housed in a specially adapted eighteenth-century desk at the Museum. In a beautifully clear hand the Chevalier Johnstone, one of the private gentlemen who joined the Prince, records in French his memoirs of the War in Scotland in 1745, his adventures from 1746 to 1760, and the War in Canada, including L'Isle Royal and the Siege of Louisburg in 1758, the Siege of Quebec and the deaths of Wolfe and Montcalm in 1759, and the Campaign of 1760 in Canada. The Chevalier spent most of his life in French service, and the manuscript originally came from the Scots College in Paris. It is bound in an Aberdeen binding of finely tooled leather, and carries a letter from Longman, Rees & Co., 1826, authenticating its purchase; the signature of Hugh Fraser Leslie of Powis, the purchaser; and a note by Surgeon-General Campbell Maclean to the effect that it was presented to him by Powis. General Maclean was General Macpherson's maternal grandfather.       The manuscript, which has long been in print in an English translation as Memoirs of the Rebellion, London, 1820, and as Memoirs of the Chevalier de Johnstone, Aberdeen, 1870-71, has been microfilmed at the National Library of Scotland, and is catalogued there as being at the Clan Macpherson Museum in Newtonmore. One of the most interesting pages in the manuscript from the Macpherson viewpoint is the Chevalier's coloured sketch of the Skirmish at Clifton in Cumberland at which Macpherson of Cluny's Regiment distinguished itself. [This MS and the desk are still on display in the Museum. RM]

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ENCOUNTER WITH THE WILD CAT
A Tribute to Lt.-Col. Allan I. Macpherson from a Friend
By Capt. P. M. CAMPBELL

      I was motoring down the Glen about three o'clock one morning after a fishing expedition at a fair distance from my hotel. Feeling my eyelids dropping, I pulled up for a cigarette and a blink- of sleep under birches that looked like olive trees in the moonlight. I slept in the middle of the deserted road, my four headlamps full on.

      I was pulling myself. together again half an hour later when I noticed two strong yellow eyes reflecting my lights from the roadside some sixty yards ahead. My field glasses were to hand and I could just make out the top of a cat's head. In a second the animal streaked across the road obliquely, ventre � terre, into the long grass on the other side. After a few moments the eyes reappeared and glared in the direction of the car once more. Again the creature flashed across the road. This manoeuvre was repeated half a dozen times, each time the body flat and moving like lightning, but the- eyes highly, suspicious of the monster which was blocking the way along which he always patrolled every mormng for his free breakfast -- a freshly- killed rabbit hit overnight by a lorry. He was now courageously within forty yards of the obstacle which he must pass if he was to get his meal as usual.

      Confident at last that the monster was stationary and possibly harmless, he stood full height on his toes like a ballet dancer, ready to leap in any direction if need arose. He advanced a yard at a time with little steps straight towards the centre of the headlamps, still keeping on the tips of his toes. All the time my glasses were on him and it was a fascinating sight. I longed for a movie camera and an arc light astride my radiator. For twenty minutes I could have filmed a wonderful picture' of Felis silvestris -- "An Cattanach " -- made fully vulnerable by his courage and inquisitiveness. As he got into the "dead" ground under the bonnet of the car I moved my head up to follow him.

      The movement gave me away and he heard or saw me at last. With two or three long bounds he was ten yards away, to the left, where he could see me through the side windows. It was bright full moon and although he was now out of the headlights I could see every whisker on his face. Crouched in an attitude of intense defiance, he glared at me for a long half-minute before gliding aft out of sight. I felt the atmosphere so menacing now that I immediately screwed up the driving window and drove on.

      Musing afterwards of this encounter in the moonlight, it came to me that I had recently been on a visit to an old friend, Lt.-CoL Allan I. Macpherson, and that my wild cat was but the personification of that high and defiant courage which has always characterised Allan and his Clan.

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PROGRAMME FOR THE 1955 RALLY

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CLUNY'S ESCAPE TO FRANCE, 1755
A Bicentenary
By ALAN G. MACPHERSON
      This year is the second centenary of a minor event in the history of the Clan, the escape of Ewan Macpherson of Cluny to France in 1755. Cluny was the last Jacobite fugitive to leave Scotland after the disaster at Culloden, having been left behind by the Prince in 1746 to administer the disbursing of the war chest of French gold notoriously known as the Locharkaig Treasure, and to maintain the spirit of Jacobitism in the Highlands in expectation of another rising.

      While Cluny skulked for nine years in the hills of Badenoch to the immediate danger of his life -- he was hunted in 1752 by none other than the future hero of Quebec. then Colonel James WolfeJacobite hopes faded in France, Germany and England. On the 4th September 1754, the Prince wrote from Paris, commanding Cluny to come to France, and to bring what was left of the French gold with him.

      The exact circumstances of Cluny's escape have hitherto been shrouded in mystery. It is known that in February 1755 he was given a farewell party in the form of a deer-hunting expedition in the hills of Lochlaggan, attended by Macpherson of Strathmashie, Alexander MacDonald of Tullochcrom, the famous stalker, and a host of other Badenoch gentlemen and clansmen. The hunting was reported by the military post at Fort Augustus, and so alarmed the Government that one hundred parties of troops were billeted on the Badenoch tacksmen from August till the spring of 1756. But by then the quarry had escaped!

      From the following document the true facts of Cluny's escape can now be told. Found in the Cluny Collection, it is a scrap of paper, unsigned, and so hitherto overlooked, but dated "1755" and giving a detailed itinerary from Edinburgh to Paris via London. There can be little doubt that it is the record of the route followed by Cluny. He probably went south to Edinburgh in April and he left the Scottish capital, an unhealthy spot where he was formerly well known, on the 9th May. He appears to have travelled openly, possibly in company and in disguise. The extraordinary fact is revealed that he journeyed by stagecoach all the way to London and Dover. On the 13th May he passed Penrith near the scene of the Skirmish of Clifton, fought on the 18th December 1745, at which he and his Clan regiment distinguished themselves.

      He hid for five days, 17th to 22nd May, among the friendly London Jacobites, and crossed from Dover to Calais on the 23rd. Before proceeding to join the Prince at Paris, he went north to Dunkirk, where he undoubtedly met a number of Scottish exiles. It was to Dunkirk that he later retired, and there he died in 1764.

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      The journey from Edinburgh, to Dunkirk is written in a different hand from the route between Dunkirk and Paris. The French part of the itinerary, although in a smaller hand than he usually used, could easily have been written by Cluny himself, a fact which suggests that in England he was accompanied at least as far as Dover.

      As a general commentary on the state of the roads in Britain, it will be observed that the mileage covered each day increased as the coach carrying him to the sad freedom of exile went south.

(No. 968, Macpherson of Cluny Papers, Register House, Edinburgh)
JOURNEY From EDINBURGH

1755
 9 May To Linton in Tweedale      12 miles
11   " The Crook, a night 12   "
10 May. Muffat in Annandale. 12   "
"
Kelhead, 2 nights18   "
12 May. Graty Green.10   "
"
By Carlisle to Hescat in Cumberland,, a night14   "
13 May. By Penrith to Temple-Sorby in Westmorland.16   "
"
Brough, a night16   "


-----

Computed miles
110 miles

May be reckoned in measure
150   "


-----
14 May. Gratibridge in Yorkshire 18   "
"
Catarick 15   "
"
Burrowbridge22   "
"
Weatherby12   "
"
Ferrybridge, a night22   "
15 May. Duncaster15   "
"
Blyth in Notinghamshire12   "
"
Palethrop11   "
"
Notingham22   "
"
Leithliurrow in Leichestershire14   "
"
Leichester, a night11   "
16 May. Harburrow15   "
"
Northampton17   "
"
Ouban  9   "
"
Newport Pannes  9   "
"
St Albans in Herfordshire, a night 12   "
May 17. Barnet 10   "
"
LONDON, 5 nights11   "


-----


407   "


-----
May 22. Through Suxex, din'd at Chatham 30   "
"
Canterburry in Kent29   "
"
To Dover, a night15   "
May 23. To Calais in two hours and 40 minutes, a
passage nearly in a short time as has been
known, being seven Leagues
21   "
"
Thence to Dunkerque, eight Leagues.24   "


-----

From London to Dunkerque. 117   "

From Edinburgh to London 407   "


-----

           Miles in all 524   "
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June 1. From Dunkerque--

halted at Gravlin, sup'd at Calais   8 leagues
    "    2.dynd at Marquize, sup'd, at Boulogne   8     "
    "    3.dynd -at Samee, sup'd at Montruille 10     "
    "    4.dyn'd at Arden; sup'd at Abbeville 10     "
    "    5.dyn'd at sup'd at Poriez 10     "
    "    6.dyn'd at Audoylle, sup'd at Beauvais 10     "
    "    7.dyn'd at Viliard, sup'd at Beaumont   8     "
    "    8.dyn'd at St Denis, sup'd at Paris   8     "


-----


72 x 3


-----

Is in miles 216

From above 524


-----

Miles in all 740

__________________

Brigadier-General JAMES B. McPHERSON
U.S. Federal Army,
1828-1864
By A. F. MACPHERSON

[JBM was a Major General of Volunteers in the United States Army. It is the usual practice to use the highest rank attained by an individual whether temporary or regular. At least the paymaster observes this practice. -- RM]

      Last year there was presented to the Museurn a print of a portrait of Brigadier-General James Birdseye McPherson of the Union Army in the American Civil War, and the following information as to his life- and character obtained from various sources may be of interest to Clansmen. No details could- be found in books available in libraries in Edinburgh of General McPherson's ancestry and connection with Scotland, beyond the fact that his parents were William -McPherson and Cynthia Russel and that he was born in Green Creek township, -near -Clyde, Ohio. His father apparently died at a fairly early date in the General's life, as he seems from the beginning of his career to have been supporting his widowed mother and his grandmother.

      The following is, a condensation of the life of James Birdseye McPherson, taken from Volume 18 of the Encyclopedia Americana:
     "American Soldier, b. Clyde, Sandusky County, Ohio, 14 Nov. 1828, d. Atlanta, Georgia, 22 Jul 1864. He graduated from West Point in 1853, first -in, his class (which, according to the Encyclopedia Brittanica, included Sheridan, Schofield and Hood), and with the highest moral character-. Appointed Brevet Second Lieutenant of Engineers.. he was Assistant Instructor of Practical Engineering at West Point; 1853-54, and after serving on fortifications and construction duty on the-defenses of the harbor of New York and the improyement of the Hudson River (1854-57), was given charge of construction of Fort Delaware (1857-61) and of the defenses of Alcatraz Island, S.F., California. He applied for active employment in the field at the opening of the Civil War, and became Chief Engineer on the Staff of General U. S. Grant, in command of the Army of the Tennessee. In May 1862 he was appointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers and was with

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Grant under Halleck at the siege of Corinth. For his services on this occasion he was made Major-General of Volunteers in the following October. He took an important part in the siege and capture of Vicksburg as one of the three Corps Commanders in Grant's victorious Army, and was in consequence promoted to Brigadier-General in the Regular Army, I Aug. 1863. In March 1864 he was made Commander of the Department and Army of the Tennessee, which was one of the three armies under General Sherman when Grant was made Commanderin-Chief, and performed distinguished services in Sherman's famous campaign in Georgia. In the following July, while leading his Army of the Tennessee in the successful engagement around Atlanta, he was killed during a reconnaissance, at the age of thirty-six. A statue has been erected in his honour at Washington, D.C., by the men who fought with him in the Army of the Tennessee."

      Also of interest is the following paragraph which was taken from the book, U.S. Grant and The American Military Tradition, by Bruce Catton, published by Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1954:
      "Grant had three army corps at Vicksburg, led by McClernand, Sherman and a handsome young Engineer Officer named James B. McPherson -- a singularly winning character whom everybody liked, and who Sherman at least thought would eventually outclass Grant and everybody else and emerge as the great man of the war."

      Francis Newton Thorpe, in Volume Fifteen of The History of North America from the Civil War-The National View, published for the Home University League, by George Barrie and Sons, has this to say:
"When Vicksburg fell to the Union Army on July 4 1863, Grant was made Major-General in Regular Army, and soon after at Grant's request, Sherman and McPherson were made Brigadier-Generals. . . .

      "On February 29, 1864, Congress revived the grade of LieutenantGeneral and authorised the President to appoint that officer, by and with the consent of the Senate, to be under the direction of the President to serve during his pleasure and to command the Armies of the United States. This was enacted with common understanding who would be appointed. Lincoln nominated Grant General-in-Chief immediately upon signing the Bill. The nomination was confirmed March 3, and the next day Grant started for Washington, writing the night before a characteristic letter to General Sherman:
      'I start in the morning to comply with the order. While I have been eminently successful in this war, in at least gaining the confidence of the public, no one feels more than I how much of the success is due to the energy and skill, and the harmonious putting forth of that energy and skill, of those whom it has been my good fortune to have occupying subordinate positions under me. There are many officers to whom these remarks are applicable to a greater or less degree, proportionate to their ability as soldiers, but what I want is to express my thanks to you and McPherson as the men to whom, above all others, I

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feel indebted for whatever I have had of success. How far your advice and suggestions have been of assistance you know. How far your execution of whatever has been given you to do entitles you to the reward I am receiving you cannot know as well as I do. I feel all the gratitude this letter would express giving it the most flattering construction. The word YOU I use in the plural, intending it for McPherson also.'

     "'This letter,' remark Nicolay and Hay (President Lincoln's secretaries), 'was as unique as it was admirable, for Grant wrote in this strain to no one else in the world. There seemed no room in his heart for more than two such friends. When McPherson died in the flower of his young manhood, Sheridan took the vacant place in the confidence and affection of his great chief, where he and Sherman remained ever after without rivals.'

     "Immediately thereafter Sherman was appointed to succeed Grant as Military Commander of the Mississippi, being succeeded by McPherson as Commander of the Army of the Tennessee.

     "On July 22, 1864, McPherson was killed -- the greatest individual and personal loss the Army of the West suffered throughout the final campaign." (According to the Enclyclopedia Brittanica Grant was reported to have said: "The country has lost one of its best soldiers and I have lost my best friend.")

      In Lloyd Lewis's book on Sherman, published in 1932, there is quoted the following remark made by General McPherson: "When the time comes that, to be a soldier, a man has to forget or overlook the claims of humanity, I do not want to be a soldier," followed by the author's comment that the General was spoken of by his comrades as a practising Christian. His personal life had to suffer sacrifice to the exigencies of military service as his marriage had to be postponed owing to the urgency of commencing the Georgian Campaign, and he was killed before he could be released from his duties for this event. He is described by his successor, General Logan, as "Six feet in height, graceful, captivating, polished of manner, totally unconscious of fear and full of natural sweetness," which enabled him to harmonise the relations between the professional and amateur soldiers with whom he had to deal. In a letter after General McPherson's death, Sherman, his immediate superior in command, said: "I expected something to happen to Grant and me . . . and I looked to McPherson as the man to follow us and finish the War," and again, "McPherson was a man who, had he survived, was qualified to heal the national strife which had been raised by ambitious and designing men."

      It is clear from the information available that in the opinion of his contemporaries General McPherson was admired and respected not only for his ability but for his sterling qualities of character and that he is entitled to be ranked as one of the most distinguished members of the Clan in modern times.

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CMA Accounts for Year ended 31st December 1953

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CMA Accounts for Year ended 31st December 1953

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OBITUARY

The HON. EWEN A. McPHERSON, Q.C., Chief Justice of Manitoba
      'We record with deep regret the sudden death of the Hon. Ewen A. McPherson, the Chief Justice of Manitoba, first chairman of the branch of the Clan in Canada. He died on the 18th November 1954 at the house of his son Donovan, in Kenora, Ontario.

      Born in 1879 and called to the Canadian Bar in 1904, the Chief Justice had a distinguished legal and political career. Predeceased by his wife two years ago, he leaves a large family to mourn his loss. In token of the high regard in which he was held by the Clan the Chief Justice was elected as one of the Honorary Vice-Presidents of the Association at the Annual General Meeting at Newtonmore in August, 1954.

COLONEL EDMUND BATTEN MACPHERSON, 0.B.E., Q.C.
      The Association wishes to join the Canadian Branch in condoling with his widow on the death of Colonel Edmund B. Macpherson. Colonel Macpherson was one of the leading, attorneys of Toronto, and had a distinguished career in the Second World War. He Was a life member of the Association and wag prominent on the Committee of the Association in Canada. His loss will be keenly felt.

      It is with deep regret that we record the deaths of the following members and we would ask that the relatives will accept this expression of our regret.

Badenoch-
      Alexander Cattanach, Glendell, Kingussie, Vice-Chairman of the Badenoch Branch, on the I I th June 1954.
      Miss Joyce Cattanach, Kerrow, Kingussie, on the 30th December 1954.

East of Scotland-
      Mrs Margaret Dykes Macpherson, 41 Dovecot Road, Edinburgh, 12.

England and Wales-
      Miss Frances Ethel Macpherson, Exmouth, Devonshire, on the 17th June 1954.

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MARRIAGE
MCPHERSON-WILDE. -- The wedding took place on the 12th June 1954 in St Mary's Church, Chigwell, Essex of Mr Ewen Graham McPherson, Inverness, and Miss Margaret Joyce Wilde of Palmerston North, New Zealand.

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Reports From Branches
pp 33-40

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CHANGES TO MEMBERSHIP BETWEEN 1st JANUARY AND 31st DECEMBER 1954

pp 41-44

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NOTICES

CHANGE OF ADDRESS, etc.

Appeal for Contributions

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BACK COVER BLANK

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