Craig & Rose Advertisment







not easily seen. My father gave a slight sigh, and said, "Well, it all depends what you mean by new. I have been going into that one for 75 years!"

      Apart from the customary and happy Clan and Association activities of the year (including a very good Annual Gathering in Badenoch) 1994 was for Sheila and me the year of Savannah, Georgia, where we so much enjoyed the USA Branch Annual Meeting and weekend. Never have so many shrimps been eaten at one session by so many members of CMA! And we owe to George and Anne Murdock a most warm vote of thanks for their efficient and highly good humoured planning and management of the events. What it must take to handle the arrival, activities and departure of 150 of us in warm and hospitable Savannah!

      1994 saw the end of the three years as Chairman of Gordon Macpherson, of Burlington, Ontario. He and Nancy have been tireless in their support of the Association, and we are all sincerely grateful to them both. Furthermore, Gordon's great expertise in the science of Heraldry has ensured that Macpherson matriculations are both accurate and imaginative. And the splendid display of all our Arms in our Museum is a lasting testament to his skill. Every one was drawn and painted by Gordon himself No other Clan has a comparable expert. How fortunate we are to be able to claim him as our own! We send to Gordon and Nancy our warm thanks. And in the same breath we welcome Ewen and Margaret of Strathardle, who step into the shoes of the Chairman and his lady! They will also be given all possible support by all of us.

      It would not be right to end without a mention of the sadness of the year, and the loss of stalwart members. John Macpherson Martin, our Secretary, and Brigadier Helen Cattanach were among those who are mourned. Both in their own way made such generous contributions of time and energy and goodwill in their many years of membership. John will be remembered by all who see and use the handsome bench presented by his family in his memory, which now is outside the front door of our Museum to welcome visitors as John himself did for many years personally at so many meetings, dances and other CMA occasions.

      At Savannah I was delighted to present to James W. McPherson, Royal Oak, Michigan, a Wildcat Award for the marvellous work done (and continuing!) in connection with USA Branch membership. He has even won two members in North Dakota, hitherto the only unrepresented State! All thanks to him and to all Association officers worldwide for all that they do for CMA.

      Sheila and I, and all the Cluny and Blairgowrie family, send warm greetings to members everywhere.

December 1994

Newton Castle, Blairgowrie

      Margaret and I have recently returned from attending the Gatherings of the Canadian Branch in Kingston, Ontario and the United State Branch in Savannah, Georgia. We extend our appreciation to everyone who made our first visit to both countries so happy and memorable and our congratulations to the organisers. We also enjoyed ourselves at the Annual Dinner and Dance of the England and Wales Branch in London.

      The last year has seen several significant changes in officialdom of the Association. My own appointment as Chairman I view as one of life's main achievements. John Macpherson Martin sadly died and the task was taken up by Bruce Macpherson with Alastair of Pitmain as the new Vice-Chairman. Both Bruce and Alastair have a long and hereditary connection with the Clan Association and we wish them well. Annie LeRoy-Lewis has taken over as the Registrar and Margaret Hambleton as the Editor of "Creag Dhubh". Gordon, the Immediate Past-Chairman, and Archy, in recognition of his 25 years as Editor of "Creag Dhubh", have been appointed Honorary Vice-Presidents.


      The preparations for our jubilee Rally in 1996 are well in hand and we anticipate the largest attendance ever, particularly from overseas. It is recognised that the library facilities within the Museum are not as good as we would wish and with the possibility of a number of new additions there will be insufficient space to display them and our other literary works to their best advantage. The jubilee Committee are endeavouring, therefore, to have a joint memorial to Ewan of the '45, by way of the cairn and improved library facilities. The two projects will run together, with the emphasis, because of the August 1996 deadline, having to be on the cairn. Members have already given or pledged financial support specifically for that purpose and stones have been received or promised from such places as Hawaii, the Great Wall of China' the deepest mine in South Africa, New Zealand, Australia, Sweden and Edinburgh Castle I The target date for the library could be the year 2000.

      The jubilee Committee are still considerably short of the amount required to build the cairn and a plea is made for the membership to subscribe to this memorial which is in recognition of a remarkable Chief and a significant piece of Clan history. Stones may be sent from any place where Macphersons and their Septs have settled and will symbolically show the spread of the Clan since 1746. Please give your financial support for the memorial to Ewan of the '45 and send your donations to me which will be acknowledged and entered in our 'Book of Gold' to be kept for posterity within the Clan Museum.

      Margaret joins me in sending our very best wishes for 1995 and we hope to see as many clansfolk as possible at this year's Rally in Badenoch.


      The 49th Rally will be held in Newtonmore and Kingussie between Friday 4th and Monday 7th August 1995. A map on page 8 shows the different venues, and it is hoped that this will complement the summary recorded below. Details will also be advertised locally prior to the Rally. It is suggested that members arriving by train at Newtonmore or Kingussie Station and requiring transport to their accommodation request this when booking their rooms. For UK members a Registration Form is enclosed for pre-payment of tickets for the Highland Ball, Museum 'At Home' and Ceilidh. Members are urged to order their tickets as soon as possible so that arrangements can be made for these functions. Overseas members are requested to obtain advance tickets in person at the Clan Museum.

      At the reception before the Highland Ball on Friday evening, each member and guest will be served with a refreshment of their choice and thereafter a bar will be available where further refreshments may be purchased. The cost includes a Finger Buffet served from about 9.30prn.

Programme of Events:




have taken part in these events, and even in some cases contributed to the shaping of their outcome. Please keep sending in your articles, long or short, to add to the remarkably varied tapestry of the Clan Macpherson story past, present and future.

      On a personal note, I had the pleasure this year of attending the Stone Mountain Highland Games held in October in Atlanta, Georgia. I visited the attractive Clan Macpherson tent and met several members of the South-Eastern Region of the U.S. Branch. They told me how much they had appreciated the recent visit from our Chief, Cluny and Sheila, Lady Cluny, along with the Chairman Ewen and his wife Margaret, on the occasion of the U.S. Branch A.G.M. held in Savannah in September. It's good to know that we have such wonderful ambassadors for our Clan Association, and that they are welcomed so heartily when they travel abroad.       Why not plan to join us at the 49th Rally in Badenoch this August, when you too will experience the feeling of friendship which pervades the atmosphere of this family gathering?

Croydon Scots:
J. A. Macpherson, Caterham, Surrey, sent along a brochure of information on the activities of the Croydon and District Scottish Association or 'Croydon Scots'. The annual events include a Burns' Night Festival, St Andrew's Commemorative Service, Scottish Country Dances, Hogmanay Celebration and dramatic productions. Mr Macpherson, an Association member, is the current Chairman of this very active society, and if you are in the Croydon area I'm sure he would be glad to hear from you.

Raymond MacPherson:
Malcolm J. McPherson, Timaru, New Zealand, sent some information about the sheep dog expertise of Raymond MacPherson, manager of a large sheep-farm in northern Cumbria, near Carlisle. In 1973 Raymond won the first American World Trials Championship with the black-coated Border collie 'Nap', and again in 1976 retained the world crown with the bareskinned 'Tweed'. In 1975 and 1979 he won the Supreme Championship of the International Sheep Dog Society with 'Zac', a white-headed collie.

Commonwealth Games:
Vikki McPherson of Glasgow was captain of Scotland's ladies' team at the Commonwealth Games held in August 1994 at Victoria, B.C., Canada.

Angling Shield:
The Lochgilphead Angling Club compete with the Oban and Lorne Club for the Fred MacPherson Shield in May and September 1994. Does anyone know the history of this Shield?

Venture Capital Group Executive:
Ewen Macpherson, chief executive of the venture capital group 3i, was prominent in business news in June 1994 on the occasion of the flotation of the group's stock on the London Exchange. Ewen and his brother Roderick and Strone are sons of G. P. S. (Phil) Macpherson, famous Scottish rugby internationalist in the 1920's and 30's, an his wife Bettie Smail, Scottish painter and journalist.

A Tribute to Cluny:
Following a highly-publicised murder trial over which Cluny presided in Newcastle Crown Court in May 1994, the mother of one of the victims commented: "We would like to thank Mr Justice Macpherson. We are full of admiration for his clarity, gui dance and good old-fashioned Scottish common sense". (Courtesy of The Scotsman, 23rd May 1994).


Queen's Birthday Honours (N.Z.):
Malcolm J. McPherson, Timaru, writes to tell us that Norman Caithness McPherson of Christchurch was awarded the Q.S.M. in 1993. Norman is a retired regular N.Z. Army officer, former area controller , Papanui Civil Defence, and president, Canterbury justices of the Peace Association.

He has been a lay preacher in the Presbyterian Church since 1963. Norman is a greatgrandson of Alexander McPherson (b. 1843), Braemore, Caithness, and his wife Elizabeth Cunningham, who emigrated to New Zealand in 1870, By 1890 they had a hill country farm of 2,000 acres near Cave, South Canterbury, and there are many descendants of their family of eight sons and six daughters.

Wildcat Debate:
The results of a recent study by Scottish Natural Heritage into the survival of the Scottish wildcat were reported in The Scotsman of 15th August 1994. The study raises serious doubts about the existence of a genuine wildcat, as distinct from a feral cat, or pet cat living wild.

The markings thought to distinguish the rare animal -- a tabby, striped coat and a bushy tail with distinct bands -- are just as likely to be found on a domestic tabby or on ordinary cats living wild.

However, in what could be a major breakthrough with international implications, the researchers believe they have discovered distinct groups of cats, living in different parts of the Highlands, which at the moment can be identified only by their size. Their markings can vary widely.

The suggestion is that in certain areas, principally the east Grampians, including the Cairngorms, there are environmental factors which prevent a domestic cat or a hybrid from surviving.

Further research could lead to the identification of particular factors, such as climate and ground cover, which determine the survival of a special cat. The team also wants to institute further genetic research to compare DNA taken from the bones of ancient cats with that of today's animals.

Champions Again:
The Oban Times of 1st December 1994 reports that the supreme cattle championship at the Perth Winter Fair was again awarded to Ewen MacPherson and Sons, this time for their Limousin Cross steer "John's Boy". Congratulations to Ewen and Donald MacPherson for their third successive win and fourth championship in six years!

Barrister: Duncan C. S. Macpherson, Craig Dhu, an M.A. in Law from Oxford University, was admitted to the Middle Temple, London, in March 1994 as a Barrister at Law. Macpherson of Gaskmore:
Reference is made in the Museum report to Donald Macpherson of Gaskmore who raised the Cluny Volunteers in 1798. Donald was an illegitimate son of Ewan, Younger of Cluny, famed for his exploits in the 1745 Rising and after. His direct descendants visited Craig Dhu House in June on a pilgrimage to scatter their great-aunt's ashes at the remarkable "boulder" tombstone in Laggan Churchyard, commemorating Donald Duncan Macpherson, who built the present Gaskmore in 1920-22, and his son and grandson, both of whom he outlived.


To Grant and Shelley McPherson in Perth, Western Australia, a belated notice of Callum Alexander's arrival on 16th July 1992. A brother for Hannah (5 years). A grandson for Douglas and Margaret McPherson.

To Derek and Helen McCabe (née Macpherson), on 10th September 1994, a daughter, Sarah Catherine, a sister for Christopher. A granddaughter for Sandy and Catherine Macpherson.

To Annie (née Macpherson) and Jér鬽e LeRoy-Lewis, a son, Noah Marion, on 9th February 1995. Sadly he did not live.

Simpson -- Macpherson. The engagement is announced between Stephen Robert, younger son of Brian and Joan Simpson of Essex, and Alison Catriona Stewart, younger daughter of Sandy and Catherine Macpherson of Edinburgh.

Mortensen -- Gillespie. On 7th May 1994, Erin Ruth Gillespie married Darren John Mortensen at St Andrew's Church, Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia. Erin was piped to the church and her bouquet contained two sprigs of white heather brought from Scotland by her grandmother. Erin also had Macpherson ribbon interwoven in her bouquet.


Ward -- Macpherson. On 13th August 1994, Catriona, only daughter of Euan and Zandra Macpherson of Glentruim, and Christopher Ward, elder son of Bede and Betty Ward, were married in Laggan Parish Church in Badenoch.

      After the ceremony a reception was held, first at Glentruim and later at the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie. At Glentruim the two hundred year old Glentruim Cannon was fired, and at one stage the official gun crew stood aside to allow the bride and groom to fire one of the cannon themselves.

       Over two hundred guests attended, including many well-known clansmen. Bruce was piper both at the church and at the reception. Present also were the Macphersons of Cluny and the Pitmains.

Brigadier Helen Cattanach, CB, RRC, Matron-in-Chief (Army) and Director of Army Nursing Services, Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps, died on 4th May 1994, aged 73. Born in Knockando, Morayshire and educated at Elgin Academy, she trained as a registered nurse at Woodend Hospital, Aberdeen. During the Second World War she became a member of the Civil Nursing Reserve, and in June 1945 joined what was later to become Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps as a reserve. In 1946 she was appointed as a regular nursing sister. She saw 12 years' service in military hospitals in


India, Singapore, Java, Germany, Egypt and Gibraltar, as well as in the United Kingdom. She was posted in 1958 to become a staff officer in the Army Medical Directorate at the War Office, where in 1961 she became the first QA officer in the Recruiting Branch -- a job she undertook with great enthusiasm before returning to a ward sister's post in Hong Kong. In 1968 she was appointed Matron at the British Military Hospital, Munster, and in 1969 Matron at the Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot. In 1972 she became Matron-in-Chief and Director of Army Nursing Services as a Brigadier, thus attaining the highest rank then possible for a woman in the British Army. It was at this time that she initiated the setting up of Regimental Headquarters QARANC, with a full-time staff.

      Helen Cattanach was awarded the Royal Red Cross in 1963 and was appointed Queen's Honorary Nursing Sister in 1973. In January 1976 she was appointed CB. In 1971 she had also been invested as an Officer (Sister) of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem, being promoted to Commander in 1977.

      In retirement she lived in Woking, Surrey, where she worked with a number of charities including the "Not Forgotten" Association and the Royal Scottish Corporation Charity. She cherished memories of her youth and her pastoral upbringing in Scotland. She had an infectious sense of humour and an immense capacity for work. She was always interested in others and willing to give help and encouragement when necessary. To the dismayed in life she was a daughter of consolation.

Reginald Giles. The Canadian Branch has suffered a sad loss in the death on 26th May 1994 of Reginald Giles of Hamilton, Ontario, an enthusiastic supporter of the Clan Association. Reg served as a member of the Executive Committee for a number of years, and was a Life Member of the Association. We extend our sympathy to his wife, son and family.

Dr Robert J. M. Gillespie, DSc, Largo, Florida, died on 9th June 1994 after a short illness. He was active in many Scottish affairs -- an organiser of the Gillespie Clan and its newsletter; a Life Member and Council Member of the Clan Macpherson Association of the US; and a Life Member of the Clan Chattan Association of Scotland. Dr Gillespie was a renowned lecturer on Creative Engineering, speaking before industrial and governmental groups, including NASA, in the USA, Canada and several countries of Western Europe. He is survived by his wife of 57 years, Lois, two daughters and four grand-daughters.

Judge Donald Gillis, Middleton, Nova Scotia, Canada died on 23rd August 1994 after a short illness. He is survived by his wife Mary, former Chairman of the N. S. Branch of the Clan Association, seven sons, one daughter and nine grandchildren.

Mrs Beryl Hubbell, Thamesville, Ontario, Canada died on 8th June 1994. A family historian, she had traced the McPherson forebears of her husband Glen, who survives her, along with her daughter Catherine McPherson Hubbell. Beryl was also much involved in the Hubbell Society.

Mrs Isabella Rae Leith (Ella) (nee Macpherson) died peacefully, after many years of care, in Edinburgh on 21st April 1994, aged 90 years. Widow of the late Alexander M. Leith and beloved aunt of the family, Ella was an enthusiastic member of the East of Scotland Branch of the Clan Association in its early years.

Donald J. MacPherson of Hamilton, Ontario, who died on l7th June 1994, was the former Hon. Secretary of the Canadian Branch of the Clan Association, serving in this capacity from 1979 to 1990. Donald, who was an ordained Baptist minister, was a Life Member of the Clan Macpherson Association for many years. A graduate of the University of Western Ontario, he was also a member of the United Empire Loyalists Association and Canadian Genealogical Society. We extend our sympathy to his son, Richard, and family.


Mrs Elizabeth Macpherson of Newtonmore died in 1993. Her sudden passing severed a link with the early days of the establishment of the Clan Macpherson Association, which has firmly become established as a special feature of Badenoch life and activities. Betty, as she was known to all her friends, joined the Association after her marriage to John S. Macpherson, and despite having to cope with a young family she did not spare any effort to help in fund-raising activities. Her baking was a byword for perfection. Until John her husband's passing, and for many years after, she continued to be an enthusiastic supporter of the Clan Association and attended as many functions and gatherings as her young family's demands allowed.

      When Betty eventually remarried it was again to a Macpherson, George this time. As well as being a devoted wife and mother, Betty latterly devoted much of her time to St Vincent's Hospital and for some years was one of the volunteers who each week distributed the book stock and ensured that there was a good selection available. In a moving tribute the Rev. Mr MacAskill described Betty as "one who moved amongst us all doing good humbly and unostentatiously". That seems to us all a fitting tribute.

Hamish MacPherson, Inverness, master gunmaker and joint proprietor of The Sporting Stores, Inverness, died peacefully at his home, 4 Crown Circus, on 16th March 1994 in his 89th year.       With brother Allan, who predeceased him, and sister Joey, they built up the family business, MacPherson's Sporting Stores, into Scotland's premier sporting shop. They ran the business in the town's Inglis Street until 1976 when they retired.

      Like his father John who founded the company in 1887, Hamish took a keen interest in shinty. The firm's tradition of presenting a silver-mounted caman to the captain of the Camanachd and Mactavish cup-winning teams continued until the firm closed its doors. Most of the Scottish league shinty sticks were made by MacPherson's at one time, known by the distinctive red band round the shaft. A few years ago Hamish gifted a variety of their shinty sticks and balls, one of them being the "Roberts Patent Ball", to the Clan Macpherson Museum at Newtonmore.

      Hamish, eldest of a family of six, was born in Inverness and educated at Inverness Royal Academy. Following an apprenticeship in gunmaking and fishing tackle in Birmingham, he joined the business in 1928. He served with the RAF in West Africa during World War II. In business Hamish had a meticulous, patient manner when dealing with customers and an unrivalled knowledge of all aspects of his work.

On retirement he spent a lot of time in his garden and at his favourite pastime, angling. Hamish had a great affinity with Badenoch, his father being born at Newtonmore. They often rented houses, mainly in Newtonmore, and he, himself, for over 40 years paid an annual visit to life-long friends in Kingussie. What pleased him most was to meet up with former clients, particularly gamekeepers, estate owners and members of the shinty fraternity. A bachelor, he is survived by two sisters, Joey MacPherson and Isobel Hislop, Tain.

J. Oliver McPherson, Milton, Ontario, Canadian Branch Chairman, died on 19th December 1994. We were all saddened to learn of his death.Oliver was born in East Luther Township, Dufferin County, Ontario, the descendant of Scottish pioneers who immigrated to Canada in the early part of last century. He had a keen interest in Clan history and was an enthusiastic supporter of the Canadian Branch of the Association for many years. He served on the Branch Executive Committee and was our Vice-Chairman before being elected Chairman at our 1994 Annual General Meeting and Rally in Kingston.

      Oliver attended the 1993 Clan Rally at Newtonmore and was a member of the Colour Party in the famous Clan March from Old Ralia. It was at the Newtonmore Highland Games that he observed the absence of a Canadian flag among the large number of international flags displayed around the playing field and he was quick to remedy this oversight by arranging for a Canadian flag to be presented to the Games Committee.


      His loss will be keenly felt by all his fellow clansfolk and we extend our heartfelt sympathy to his wife, Susan, and all the members of his family.

Iain MacPherson-Rait died peacefully on 6th August 1994, aged 74 years.

John Macpherson Martin. It was with deep sorrow that the Association heard of the passing of its Hon. Secretary, John Macpherson Martin, on 15th May 1994. John was buried at Inverness after a short thanksgiving service conducted in Wimbledon.

      A bachelor, born in 1929, John was the son of Mrs Jenny Martin and the late John Keith Martin of Inverness. He was educated at Inverness Royal Academy, Dundee School of Economics and London University, where he graduated as a BSc(Econ) He was a member of the British Institute of Management and Institute of Export. His National Service was carried out in the RASC in Egypt.

      In business life John worked for various companies in export, sales and management. In private life he was an enthusiastic Scottish country dancer and at the time of his death was the President of the St Andrew's Society (London) in Wimbledon. His spare time activities included travel, reading and learning languages.

      There was no more loyal member of the Clan Macpherson Association that John, who attended the first Rally in 1947 with his two uncles. He held several offices in the England and Wales Branch including that of Chairman. He was a member of the Museum Advisory Committee and for several years had carried out the function of Hon. Secretary in a most diligent and efficient manner.

      At the 1994 Rally, in John's memory, his mother and other members of the family presented a handsome bench to the Clan Museum. This now graces our lovely garden at Newtonmore where clansfolk can sit and remember a truly modest and faithful friend.

      John was a kindly person who spoke ill of no one. A man of the highest personal integrity and morals -- the Clan Association is the poorer without him.

      "and may the earth rest over you when at the last you lie under it. May it rest so lightly over you that your soul may be off from under it quickly and on its way to God."

Mrs Sue Mount, Esher, Surrey, died in 1994.      

By Archy Macpherson, KGCT, MA, LL.B, NP, FSA(Scot)

      Anyone anywhere can learn another language as long as the basic learning material is to hand, and it helps if one can attend a class or, if lucky, get one-to-one tuition. The less aptitude one has in language learning the longer it takes; conversely, the greater the language learning ability the easier and quicker it is to gain mastery and fluency.

      The language of our ancestors is Gaelic and now, after centuries of official neglect, it is flourishing. Taking up almost any cultural expression needs doggedness. One does not expect to master the playing of the fiddle or the piano without stubborn application and so it is of most of the other arts. Gaelic is no more difficult than, say, French.

      A great deal of detailed information has already been given in previous issues of "Creag Dhubh" and since back copies are easily obtainable by contacting the Clan House Museum we can strike out to pastures new.

----------------------------------------------------------------16 -------------------------------------------------------------

     It is often good fun to have bilingual books, such as the vast collection of folk-tales garnered by John Francis Campbell of Islay in the nineteenth century. The original Gaelic has translations in English. Many of these tales would have been recited over the peat fires by our forebears in traditional houses like those which can be seen in Kingussie's Museum grounds.

      Four volumes from 1 to 4, "Popular Tales of the West Highlands" by J. F. Campbell, can probably still be obtainable through one's bookseller or from the publishers, Wildwood House Ltd. I Jubilee House, Chapel Road, Hounslow, Middlesex TW3 ITX, England and two further volumes collected by the same author, "More West Highland Tales", published by Birlinn Ltd., 13 Roseneath Street, Edinburgh EH9 1JH, Scotland.

      Even if one stays outwith Scotland's BBC, STV and Grampian TV broadcasting areas it might be possible to arrange, for a price, TV programmes to be put on blank video tapes and radio programmes on cassettes through subscribing to and requesting from the learners' association -- Comunn Luchd-lonnsachaidh, 5 Mitchell's Lane, Inverness IV2 3HQ, Scotland. The most outstanding TV film that we saw was about the life and songs of Mary MacPherson called Màiri Mhór (Big Mary), as she was known. A film print of it was struck for the cinema and shown with acclaim at Edinburgh and London and at the Atlantic Film Festival in Cape Breton and at Cherbourg in France, Exposure and networking at the San Sabastian film festival helped to secure sales to Canadian and Australian television. In Gaelic she is most known as Màiri Mhór nan Orain (Big Mary of the Songs). The writer met a merchant in Staffin, Skye many years ago. He claimed that he saw her being helped into a coach and it needed two men to do so, perhaps she was as much as twenty stone, but if not that she was very overweight. The film has sub-titles in English.

The Gaelic TV and Radio guide in both languages is known as SUAS! and is obtainable at �for four issues from Suas!, Acarsaid, Cidhe Sràid Chrombail, Steornabhagh PA87 2DF, Isle of Lewis, Scotland.

      A teacher, Morag Craig of Balmacara, Wester Ross, Scotland, has invented the first Gaelic board game to help students learn the language. The game is known as TURAS (the Gaelic for journey). It is played with dice and counters and includes an audiotape to check the students' pronunciation. It costs � and it is hoped to have the game available on CD-Rom. Again, Comunn Luchd-lonnsachaidh will probably be able to tell from where a set may be bought. Morag Craig came up with the idea while working as a part-time Gaelic teacher and created a game using a piece of hardboard and her children's drawings to show parts of a journey. "I noticed classes sometimes struggled with irregular verbs and I thought the game might help the learning process," she said.

      It has been said that when one can learn with a laugh, the learning may be good. One can decide this for oneself after reading a book and a children's comic, both in Gaelic. The book is published by Yolfa, the enterprising Welsh publishing house. It is designed for the LAZY learner of Gaelic. One would expect it to be obtainable from GAIRM, 29 Waterloo Street, Glasgow G2 6BZ, Scotland. They will be sent on request a list of Gaelic books while it is in stock. The LAZY man's book consists of a series of exceedingly funny cartoons in Gaelic accompanied with translations in English at the foot of the page.

The all Gaelic comic Smath sin (That's great) is vigorous and will make even the most blasé adult feel young again. It comes out once a quarter from Acair, 7 James Street, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis PA87 2QA, Scotland.

      Finally, parents with young children may be able to get their youngsters into a Gaelic playgroup (croileagan) and then into a Gaelic medium school. Again Comunn LuchdIonnsachaidh may be able to advise. They may also be able to advise on radio and TV programmes outwith Scotland, for instance it is known that Gaelic radio programmes are available in some parts of Australia.

      Sin agad e! That's it. We look forward to seeing you at the Rally in Kingussie and Newtonmore.


Ewen Stewart Lorne is our new chairman. He exudes charm and a ready warm smile coupled with an easy air of efficiency.       From Creag Dhubh 1994 and 1995 we learn that his people come from Ardnamurchan and that a driving force in his being is to retrace every step of the Ardnamurchan Macphersons. His researches in this field showed him that he was a close relative of that tubby genial ex-Editor . . . Archy . . . whose people were -- guess? -- the Ardnamurchan Macphersons.

      Ewen first entered into the Clan Association when, at the age of eleven, he stepped into the Macpherson tent at the Edinburgh Gathering of the Clans in 1951. Although he is well known to us as an exponent of the nose-flute at the annual Rally Ceilidh, yes, the nose-flute, he also enjoys playing the piano and the accordion.

      But this is not all. Beware anyone who tries to steal a bomber or a battleship or he could be up against Ewen. He works in the security field for the Ministry of Defence. We never knew that he was a living James MacBond!

      Our new chairman is now a specialist in personnel management and community relations. He learned his skills the hard way as an ever-tactful, quiet, uniformed participant involved in operational activities in the Metropolitan Police, ranging from the peace campaigners of the late fifties to the inner-city disturbances of the late eighties.

      Ewen and Margaret, as two exiled Scots, were married at St Columba's Church of Scotland, London. They have two daughters, Ailsa who married Robert Macpherson and lives in Aberfeldy, and Flora, who lives in Richmond and works in London.

      Ewen met Margaret from Perth whilst carrying out Royalty and Diplomatic protection duties in Kensington outside the Russian Embassy! Where's your James Bond now!


The Rally opened, as has now become the custom, with the reception of members and their guests by our chief Cluny and Lady Cluny, along with Chairman Gordon and his wife Nancy, at the entrance to the ballroom of the Duke of Gordon Hotel in Kingussie. The reception was followed by the Highland Ball, the opening Grand March being led off by Cluny and Sheila. Vice-Chairman Ewen performed the duties of Master of Ceremonies in the unavoidable absence of Andrew Gillies, unfortunately involved in a car accident on his way north. The anonymous "Band" played in their usual light and lively manner, and a delightful Finger Buffet was served at the interval.

      Surprisingly, after the evening's exertion, Saturday morning at 10 am saw an excellent turn-out of Association members for the Annual Meeting at Newtonmore Village Hall. Vice-Chairman Ewen was elected Chairman and was presented with the cromag of office by the retiring Chairman, Gordon. Alastair of Pitmain was elected Vice-Chairman. A special presentation of a beautifully hand-carved shepherd's crook was made to Cluny to mark his 25th anniversary as Chief of Clan Macpherson.

      After the meeting, many members made their way to the nearby Newtonmore School to enjoy a hearty lunch of soup, rolls and haggis, organised by Sir Tommy and Lady jean Macpherson.

      Then, spurred on by the sound of the pipe band tuning up in Newtonmore Main Street, everyone hurried off to the Highland Games field at the Eilan. The ladies staked out good positions from which to watch the Clan March, while the men congregated at Old Ralia and prepared themselves for their grand entrance. Down the bridge over the Spey and into the field came a fine contingent of marchers, complete with banners and swords held high, following the Grampian Police Pipe Band as they played Macpherson's Rant. Cluny led the march, accompanied by cadets Alastair of Pitmain and Euan of Glentrium, all proudly


bearing their eagle feathers in their bonnets. After the ranks of marchers were drawn up on the field, speeches of welcome were made and acknowledged, and then the clansmen and women dispersed to the Clan Tent for welcome refreshment. The Games continued, with one of the outstanding events being the Hill Race up the shoulder of Creag Dhubh. Every competitor who completed the course was greeted with well-deserved applause! A display by the Golden Lions Free Fall Parachute Team was another exciting spectacle.

      After the Games the Rally continued with an 'At-Home' in the Clan Museum, giving a chance for people to mingle and chat and view the recent changes in lay-out, after relocation of the magnificent set of heraldic shields of the Clan armigers into the main room of the Museum. Preceding the 'At-Home', presentation was made outside in the garden of a handsome bench in memory of the late John Macpherson Martin, Hon. Secretary of the Association, who had died suddenly earlier in the year.

      On Saturday evening a Fork Supper featuring 'stovies' was laid on in the Duke of Gordon Hotel, followed by the ever-popular Ceilidh, with Editor Emeritus Archy as an impressive fear-an-tighe. The informal 'ceilidh following the Ceilidh' carried the revelry on as long as participants' stamina allowed.

      There was a fine turn-out of members at the Sunday morning church service at St Columba's, Kingussie, where the lessons were read by Cluny and Ewen. After the service people lingered a while outside in the sunshine, some saying farewell for another year. Others left for the drive to Gaskmore Hotel near Laggan, where they enjoyed a gourmet lunch as a group in the dining-room, with its magnificent views of the Badenoch countryside.

      Then it was off to Glentruim House for the delightful afternoon tea hosted by Euan and Zandra on the lawns of the lovely old mansion. The firing of the two ancient cannon provided much excitement from time to time, as they had done at the Newtonmore Games on the previous day.

Again goodbyes had to be said, regretfully, leaving only a handful of sturdy stalwarts to participate in Monday's expedition to Dùn DàLàmh in Laggan, well described elsewhere in this issue by Rod Clarke.


CLAN HOUSE AND MUSEUM NOTES By Andrew MacPherson, Curator

Visitors were even fewer than usual in the first couple of months of the season and it was into July before any numbers were coming into the museum, August and September being almost normal. From 1st October 1993 until 30th September 1994 there have been 3266 visitors, only 62 less than in 1993, a good recovery from the poor numbers in May, June and July, when numbers were 300 down on 1993. The good news is that these visitors donated through the contribution boxes 1398 directly to the upkeep of the museum.

      Sales again increased from the souvenir counter and the sale of clan literature and souvenirs was �80 gross.

      As visitors during 1994 season will have seen, certain alterations have taken place within the museum, all in the on-going effort to improve facilities and interest for the visitor, and to make the Association member feel that he has something with which to associate him or herself.

      Entirely new toilet facilities, suitable for the use of wheelchairs, have been built in place of the previous ones, and now have their entrance directly from the museum. The partition originally erected to provide a storeroom in the south gable (most members and visitors did not know of its existence) has been removed, as the south gable wall is the ideal place for the armorial display of the fifty shields painted by R.G.M. Macpherson of the Canadian Branch and donated by them as indicated in Creag Dhubh1994. There is also the advantage of giving the additional space back to the museum. In order to store all the


literature etc. from this storeroom, three double cupboards from floor to ceiling have been built into the "front room" [now the Helen Macpherson Thompson Library Room], which takes care of our book storage for the present. The erecting of a partition in the "boiler room" to create a store for the many other items that seem to collect has had to be shelved at this stage as being too expensive. [This action was accomplish as part of the 2K2 Project].

      The slide projector, by which visitors were able to listen to a short talk and see slides of the museum and certain clan activities, and familiarise themselves before viewing the museum, has been withdrawn. The slides are now adapted into a video and shown on a TV screen. This has been made possible with funds made available from the estate of the late Monroe Macpherson, who originally donated the projector and the slides, and now we are sure that he will always be remembered in the museum. Thank you, Monroe.

      I have to thank the following for their direct donations: Mr and Mrs R.J. Ellis, Reigate, Surrey (�), Mr J. Macpherson, 152 Kinnell Avenue, Glasgow (�).

      Items of interest and for display continue to be donated to the museum, and we will in the near future have to think of a further extension. I have to acknowledge receipt of the following:
      From R.G.M. Macpherson, Canadian Branch:
           (1) Copy of the page extracted from the Lyon Register confirming Arms given to Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, 16th Chief. (Painted by R.G.M.M.)
           (2) Four Book-Plates: Sir W.A. Macpherson, J.A. Macpherson, R.G.M. Macpherson and R.W.G. Macpherson. (Painted by R.G.M.M.)
           (3) Coloured photograph -- 1993 March of the Macphersons, led by International Chairman R.G.M. Macpherson.
           (4) Replica of a V.C. similar to that won by Herbert Taylor Macpherson and Stewart Macpherson.
           (5) "The Heraldry of Clan Macpherson" -- an explanation of the display of heraldic shields. By R.G.M.M.
           (6) A new addition to the shields display -- the Heraldic Arms of W. Bruce Gillis.

      From Mrs Cluny Paget, Lodge Cottage, Broton, Boxford, Suffolk:
           (1) Part of what has been an old scrapbook endorsed on the first page "Macpherson of Radbrook Hall and Gaskmore". Contains old photographs.
           (2) Animal Claw Clasp, silver mounted.
           (3) Col. Duncan Macpherson of Cluny (framed photograph).
           (4) Cluny's Golden Wedding. Photograph of party at entrance to Castle.
           (5) Framed photograph of the sword of honour which was presented to Donald Macpherson of Gaskmore for raising the Cluny Volunteers in 1798.
           (6) Framed photograph of Euan Macpherson, father of Mrs Paget, in Dress Macpherson tartan.
           (7) Framed photograph of a Clan Gathering in 1895.

      From Mrs Edna Sabato, Maryborough, Australia:
           (1) "The Ballad of James MacPherson, Queensland Bushranger", great-great granduncle of Mrs Sabato.

      From R.W.G. Macpherson, Kilmuir, Comrie:
           (1) Two medals awarded to Duncan James Macpherson by Edinburgh University in 1872-3, one for Mathematics and the other for Philosophy.

      Bequeathed by the late John Macpherson Martin:
           (1) Copy of "Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands".

      From the family of the late John Macpherson Martin:
           (1) Three seater wooden garden seat "In his memory".

      From Lt.-Col. George Somerville, Culduthel Road, Inverness:
           (1) Old photograph of Clan Chattan Gathering at Cluny Castle, 1895.
           (2) Medals of L/Cpl. Somerville Macpherson, 47th Canadian Infantry Battalion.
           (3) Imperial Service Medal belonging to Lauchlan Macpherson.

      From the estate of the late Hamish Macpherson, Crown Cottage, Inverness:
           (1) Low chair with Hunting tartan cushion.

----------------------------------------------------------------21------ ------------------------------------------------------


be unveiled at the 1995 Gathering. Provision will be made for adding other names later because the need for Na Dìonadairean will continue on indefinitely. However, the cutoff date for the first set of names on the plaque will be 28th February 1995.      

By Sandy Macpherson
      In 1994, the Editor very kindly printed an article of mine in Creag Dhubh which listed various place names in widely spread parts of the world which bear the name of Macpherson, being mountains, towns or stretches of water, and I asked for information on other similarly named features.

      In her letter acknowledging my manuscript, the Editor pointed out that in the 1954 edition of Creag Dhubh a letter was printed from an anonymous reader signing himself Achaduchil. I quote from the relevant passage:

"In more recent days the headquarters of a Gurkha regiment in the foothills of the Himalayas was named Macpherson Lines in large letters for all to see -- and provide a shock for at least one exploring clansman."

Can somebody help out on the origins of this feature in such an exciting part of the world?

      My knowledge of McPherson, Nebraska was greatly improved in the reading of the summer 1994 edition of "Urlar", that excellent publication by the United States Branch, which included an article by Ian Mhuirich giving a very good description of Fort McPherson and its history over the period from 1866 to 1880.

      Details of one of the Australian mountains, Macpherson Range, were further clarified when I received a letter in September from Edna MacPherson Sabato of Maryborough, Australia, who enclosed a photo-copy from a book explaining that the Range was named after Major Macpherson, who served in the 39th Regiment, which, I think, later became the Dorsetshire Regiment. Further details would be welcome.

      The final bonus came when browsing through some back numbers of Creag Dhubh. In 1985 an article was printed giving details of a visit paid by Alastair Macpherson of Pitmain to Fort McPherson near Atlanta, Georgia. If any kind person cares to invite me to visit the Olympic Games in Atlanta in 1996 I shall make a point of going to see Fort McPherson.

      I am delighted to see that my article had produced some interesting information. Let us hope that I can write a further post-script in 1996.

[Ed. -- See also letter from Dan McPherson later in this issue].

By Ruairidh Mor
Dùn Dà Làmh -- Fort Two Hands. 1 It sounds much more romantic and mysterious in the Gaelic than in its literal English translation. I suppose 'Fort of the Two Hands' or 'Two-handed Fort' might be closer to the real sense of the name. In any event, that was the objective of the senior component of the 1994 'trekkies'- those clansfolk that stay behind on the Monday after the main events of our annual Gathering to participate in a hike to some spot of particular significance to our heritage. I'm afraid that we can't claim direct kinship with the folk who built and dwelled in the Dun because it dates from the iron age period -- 100 BC or more. However, I'm sure that the Cattanachs were well aware of its

1 Note that two of anything in the Gaelic still takes the singular form.


presence before they came to Badenoch in the 14th century and that it has occupied the attention of many of them ever since.

The Objective
      Surprisingly, there is little written about Dùn Dà Làmh as I found out when I tried to learn something about it before arriving in Badenoch. Glasgow's Mitchell Library is a very grand and resourceful place but even the reference librarian had difficulty in finding any reference to it. I had read the fairly detailed description of Dùn Dà Làmh in Alexander Macpherson's Glimpses . . . which he quoted from a report by a Mr M'Nab, a tenant of many years on the farm of Dalchully that lies at the foot of the dun's promontory. However, I was looking for something more modern and 'scientifically' evaluated. Finally, after a diligent search I found a reference to it in A Guide to Prehistoric Scotland by Richard Feachem 2 listed as 'Fort Laggan'. According to this authority, "Fort Laggan -- the uppermost fort in Strathspey -- occupies a superb situation on the nose of a long promontory ridge which divides the Strathspey from Strathmashie. The flanks of the promontory fall steeply from the summit (1484 ft) to the flood plain 600 feet below and approach is only reasonably easy along the spine from the southwest. The fort conforms in shape to the crag measuring 460 ft by 260 ft within a wall which, as it hugs the uneven contours of the outcrops, varies in width from 13 ft to 23 ft. In places the faces are exposed to a height of as much as 9 ft revealing the wall is built of a great number of small coursed stones."

      Dùn Dà Làmh is one of the thousands of defended settlements that once crowned the hilltops of Europe as well as the British Isles. Most of these were surrounded by earthen mounds topped with timber palisades; the dwellings within these outer-works were also of wooden construction. Only the mounds of those have survived. In the case of 'duns' constructed of stone, those that were fairly isolated from 'progress' have survived to yield an indication of what they once were. But more of that later. [The first fortification on the site of the Ruthven Barracks is thought to have been one of these wooden structures.]

      In my search of the literature, I had hoped to find some comment on the strange name the fort bore but the only mention of the name I could find was that of Mr M'Nab. In his description he claimed the name derived from its having a small hill on the left side and a spur or ridge on the right, about half its own height. It's not clear to me what he meant by this comment even after having been there since right and left are very relative terms. Perhaps someone can enlighten me on this.

The Plan of Operations
      I mentioned that Dan DA LAmh was the objective for the senior trekker component. just as was the case last year, the juniors sought more of a challenge than we seniors. They chose the summit of the famed zigzags of the Wade Road over the Corrieyairack which I described in my article in the Creag Dhubh for 1989. Although we went all the way across the Corrieyairack on the earlier assault, logistical considerations allowed only the more limited goal in 1994. The plan was for the seniors to scale the Dùn Dà Làmh ridge while the juniors were doing their thing on the zigzags. Afterwards we would all meet at Garva Bridge, the first bridge over the Spey downstream from its source, for refreshments before heading back to the Museum from where we started.

      Sandy Macpherson was again the leader of the senior contingent and his son, Bruce, the leader of the juniors. In Sandy's bunch were Chairman Ewen MacPherson, Lloyd and Penny Cover of Gloucestershire, Tom McPherson of Indiana, John and Iris McPherson of Montrose, US Chairman Larry McPherson and Lillas of Michigan, Anne Titchbourne of Washington and yours truly from Virginia. Bruce's group included Rory Macpherson of London and his son, Hugo, Duncan Macpherson of Laggan, Jamie Mackintosh of Newtonmore, Shanty Mauger of London, and Melody de Bourbon-Parme.
2. Batsford: London 1963.





By Edna Macpherson Sabato

Christina Rutherford Macpherson 1864-1936
Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson 1*864-1941
      In 1895, Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson wrote the famous poem, "Waltzing Matilda". Christina Rutherford Macpherson played the old song "Craigielee", and between them, a world-known Australian song was born.

      Christina heard the Warnambool Town Band play "Craigielee" at the Warnambool Races, in Victoria, and, liking the melody so much, being a gifted pianist, she played it for her own amusement.

      Christina visited her brother, Robert Rutherford Macpherson, at Dagworth Station, near Winton, in Queensland, in 1895, after the famous Shearers' Strikes in 1891 and 1894. The shearers went on strike, and the squatters used non-union labour to get their sheep shorn. This angered the shearers to the extent that they started burning down the woolsheds on the stations. These buildings burned readily, because of the stains from the lanolin in the wool.

      After they burned Dagworth Woolshed, the shearers returned to their camp, and a German man, Sam "Frenchy" Hoffmeister, burned a letter in the campfire and walked away from the camp. The other men heard a shot, and found Hoffmeister shot in the head, with a revolver alongside him. Another man drowned in a river nearby.

      Three policemen happened to be in the area at the time -- an unusual occurrence, as the police force was spread rather sparsely because of the size of the area. This was the basis for "Banjo's" poem.

      Christina's parents, Ewen Macpherson and Margaret Rutherford, were married in Scotland and came to Australia in 1854, settling in Victoria, on a station, "Peechelba", near Wangaratta, and "Benduck" on the Murray River.

      When Christina was a baby at Peechelba, a bushranger named "Mad Dog" Morgan and his gang visited the station, after a robbery, and forced Mrs Macpherson to play the piano for them and provide them with food. The baby, Christina, cried, and a nursemaid was allowed to leave the room to attend to her. The nursemaid ran to a neighbouring property owned by Mrs Macpherson's brother, Mr Rutherford, who assembled an armed party which approached Peechelba early next morning. Ewen Macpherson was walking with "Mad Dog" Morgan towards the horses to provide a mount for him to ride away on, when the rescue party fired shots, killing "Mad Dog" Morgan.

      "Banjo" Paterson visited Dagworth in January 1895 and was much interested in the goings-on regarding the shearers' strike, the burning of woolsheds, the drowning and the suicide, and heard Christina playing her favourite melody on the piano.

      "Banjo" was "courting" Christina, although he was engaged to another girl at the time. This caused Christina's father to banish "Banjo" from Dagworth, but luckily not before the song was written.

      Christina never married. Her gravestone, in a Melbourne cemetery, reads: "Christina Rutherford Macpherson, born 19th June, 1864, died 27th March, 1936. Beloved fifth daughter of Ewen and Margaret. She wrote the music for the poem 'Waltzing Matilda' while staying at her brother's station, 'Dagworth' at Winton, North Queensland, in January, 1895."

      "Banjo" married the girl he was engaged to and wrote many more poems, telling stories of the bush and life in the "Outback", wonderful stories in each one.

      Two are about Macphersons -- one about a man who dreamed he rode a horse named Rio Grande, and it fell and he was killed. He rode the horse the next day. It fell and he was killed. The other was about McFierce'un, who visited his friend, Jock McThirst, who had a keg of whisky, and McFierce'un came to help him drink it, but found McThirst in tears.


His little son had let the spigot oft he keg run, and all the whisky spilt out. It end,.. "Good faith, it is a fearsome thing, to see two strong men weep".

      In 1995, 100 years since "Banjo" wrote"Waltzing Matilda" and Christina provided the music for it, celebrations will be held in Winton, in Western Queensland.

      There are differences of opinion as to whether or not it really was Christina who put the words to music. A letter "Banjo" wrote, dated 16th January, 1939, which recently sold at auction for $25,000, stated the music was written by Miss Macpherson, so it appeared to mean the eldest daughter in the family, Mrs McCowan. Christina was the fifth daughter, but if all her older sisters were married, then she would have been "Miss Macpherson". Etiquette in those days called for the eldest sister to be called Miss Macpherson, younger sisters were Miss Christina Macpherson or Miss Margaret Macpherson.

      "Banjo" sold the manuscript with a bunch of other poems, for very little money, and the song was used to advertise Billy Tea, and the name of the lady who adapted the song for the ad is given credit on sheet music which is still available.

      The words of "Waltzing Matilda", as "Banjo" wrote them, are:

WALTZING MATILDA (Carrying a Swag)               By "Banjo" Paterson
Oh I there once was a swagman camped in a Billabong,
Under the shade of a Coolabah tree;
And he sang as he looked at his old billy boiling,
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?"

      Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda, my darling,
      Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?
      Waltzing Matilda and leading a water-bag --
      Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?

Down came a jumbuck to drink at the water-hole,
Up jumped the swagman and grabbed him in glee;
And he sang as he stowed him away in his tucker-bag,
"You'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me".

Down came the Squatter a-riding his thoroughbred,
Down came Policemen -- one, two, three.
"Whose is the jumbuck you've got in the tucker-bag?
You'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me".

But the swagman, he up and he jumped in the water-hole,
Drowning himself by the Coolabah tree;
And his ghost may be heard as it Sings in the Billabong
"Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?"

Waltzing Matilda is carrying a swag.
Swagman is a man who moves from town to town looking for work and stows his belongings in a swag, which he carries over his shoulder. [bed roll]
Billabong is a waterhole.
Jumbuck is a sheep.
Squatter is a sheep- or cattle-station owner, as it was the way of things in those days to " squat" on land, and if you improved the land, you owned it.
Tucker-bag is a swag for carrying food (tucker).


----------------------------------------------------------------28B------ ------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------28C------ ------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------28D------ ------------------------------------------------------


By Ewen S.L. MacPherson
Part 2
      I recall my first visit to Shielfoot in the summer of 1974 and meeting Sandy Macpherson, then aged 78. A gentle and kindly man, he told me a little about himself and not surprisingly we were related. Unfortunately, the role of Seannchaidh (chronicler responsible for the oral recitation of genealogy and history) had ceased by his time. However, he had heard the term 'drovers' used in connection with the Shielfoot Macphersons and understood that the area had been affected by the pernicious eviction of its inhabitants to make way for the sheep.

      It was a modern proprietor of Ardnamurchan, Sir James Milles Riddell, who introduced the clearances to the peninsula in the early 19th century. This trend was continued by the next owner, James Dalgleish, who bought the estate in 1855. The Inverness Courier of 11th October 1837 makes the point that the emigrants were not all poor crofters driven by adversity to seek homes abroad. The Rev. F. McPherson of Tobermory preached the farewell sermon in Gaelic to 322 emigrants who left Tobermory for New South Wales aboard the Brilliant on 27th September 1837. The passengers included 105 from the area of Ardnamurchan and Strontian. The Brilliant arrived in Sydney, New South Wales, on the 2nd January 1838. Among her passengers was Archibald McPherson, a farmer born in Ardnamurchan, aged 36 (b.c. 1801), a son of James McPherson. He was accompanied by his wife Margaret, a farm-servant, aged 35 (b.c. 1802), daughter of Hugh McPherson, and also born in Ardnamurchan; and their children: John, aged 18, a shepherd; Anne, 16; Mary, 14; James, 12; Ewen, 10; Catherine, 8; Lachlan, 6; Sarah, 4; Donald, 2; and an infant son as yet unnamed and probably born during the three-month voyage. Archibald and John were engaged on landing by Mr Jones of Liverpool Plains, a place southwest of Sydney. Archy (former Editor) was told that he had Macpherson relatives in Australia but never their names or where. The gradual decline in the population of the parish of Acharacle continued up until 1951 when it dropped to 386, but there has been a steady increase since then. (Ardnamurchan -- annals of the parish: 1990.) When I first visited Shielfoot no more than six houses were inhabited, but today the numbers have more than doubled with several new homes and a thriving community.

      Sandy pointed me in the direction of Old Shielfoot, the original settlement for the clan in that area. Before walking over the rocks and heather he related the tale to me that my particular line were known as the tailors (na taillearan) and folklore had it that they were the tailors to Cluny. It was believed that they were forced to leave their lands by government forces and made their way in stages, first to Lochaber and eventually Shielfoot. I have been told this story several times over the years by people connected with the area. By the time I visited Shielfoot the following year, Sandy, sadly, had passed away. This tale of forced migration from Badenoch and tailoring to Cluny should be treated with caution as I have yet to discover any evidence to substantiate it and it is doubtful that country tailors were 'attached' to Highland chiefs in the manner of pipers and bards.

      I found the ruins of the abandoned old township and, from Sandy's description, the house that my great-great-grandfather, John the tailor, lived in. It is marked by an enormous stone which - tradition has it - he sat upon outside to do his tailoring and then took into the house in the evening. He must have been extremely strong as the rock measured about four feet in diameter! The settlement, of about thirty buildings, is situated on the hillside a few feet up from the shore of Loch Moidart not far from where the River Shiel enters. It would have commanded an excellent view of any approach by land or water and is within sight of Castle Tioram. A few yards from the ruins is the visible outline of what is believed to have been arl ancient church and large flat stones mark the site of a

------------------------------------------------------------------30 ------------------------------------------------------------

burial ground. It is not known whether the burial ground is connected to the settlement and it may well relate to earlier centuries.

      History certainly records that the surrounding area was popular for its burial grounds. Nearby Ardtoe, meaning high burial ground; Kilmory (Cell of Mary), dating from early Christianity in Scotland; and Eilean Fhionnan (Island Finnan), that beautiful little green island on Loch Shiel, were all locations where people travelled many miles by land and water to bury their kin. Eilean Fhionnan is where St Finnan, a disciple of Columba, came in the sixth century with his bell of healing powers from Ireland, and is considered an important seat of Christianity. The bell sits on the altar within the ruined chapel and a curse is placed on anyone who dares remove it. The island was for centuries the resting place of the MacDonalds of Clanranald, and a number of Macpherson graves can still be seen today.

      On that first visit to Shielfoot I stayed with Mrs Jessie Macpherson, the widow of Alexander (Sandy John Captain), who was a second cousin of my own father. Jessie moved to Shielfoot in 1934 when she married and her new house was built adjacent to the croft where my great-grandfather Archibald lived. The ruins of his home,'an sabhal' (the barn), built in the early 1800's in a black dry-stone style, still existed with a rowan tree growing inside. The use of a nickname (farainm) to denominate a person is a likeable feature of the area and can relate to an individual's home, job or personal characteristic. For example a person might be called 'the fiscal' (am fioscal) because they are perceived as always laying down the law. Old Sandy was known either as Sandy Mor (meaning Big Sandy) or a 'sloinneadh' used identifying his father and grandfather, Sandy Donald Lachlan. My grandfather was known as 'Dughall an t-sabhail' (Dugald of the barn) and his father 'Gilleasbuig an taillear' (Archibald the tailor).

      Regular sojourns were made to Shielfoot over the years and in 1993 I was delighted to see Jessie and meet her daughter, Marjory, and her husband, Hamish Reid. Their new home has been built on the site of 'an sabhal' which had been demolished some years before and the rowan tree long gone. Apparently the tailors had a reputation of speaking their mind and having a short temper. Marjory said that as a young girl if she was cross for any reason she was told to "stop behaving like the tailors"!

      During a visit in 1975 I met Miss Mary Macpherson, then in her 84th year, a friendly and smiling old lady who had lived all of her life in Shielfoot and was rich with knowledge of the area. She described our forebears as "math air cothachadh" (good at striving) and from speaking to her I was able to work out that it was Archibald the tailor's generation that had moved to the present Shielfoot because of the "black fever". John Cameron, an elderly resident of Acharacle and retired factor for the area, understands that during the early 1800s that part of the west coast was ravaged by bubonic plague; so much so that the residents of Old Shielfoot were obliged to leave their homes and relocate half a mile inland. The doctor at the time is on record as saying the disease was so bad that he was burying and not curing. Even the new houses they moved to in the early 19th century had few amenities. No damp-courses, running water, sanitation or electricity in these bygone days! My own father attended his Uncle Allan's funeral in 1921 at Acharacle and stayed a couple of nights at 'an sabhal' and described it as being "fairly primitive".

      Fate or coincidence often plays a helping hand in genealogical research and this has happened several times on this journey. In 1975 I met Duncan Macpherson, a cousin of Mary's, whilst he was in Bannockburn Cottage Hospital. At 87 years old he was able to fill in a few missing pieces from his particular branch of the family and confirmed details previously given to me by Mary including the death of their Uncle Donald, who was drowned as a young man in Russia. His father, Duncan, had moved to Glenorchy at around 1870 and that was where he was born and brought up. In 1933 he married a Thomasina Lowrie from Garvan, Drumnasallie, and had a daughter, Jessie Elizabeth. This was before I was aware of the connection between Shielfoot and Drumnasallie and I was to ponder many times over the years as to how he met his wife. It was not unusual in the Highlands for couples to meet whilst visiting relatives but by the time I realised the Drumnasallie link it


was, unfortunately, too late to ask. Both Mary and Duncan's parents had used the term "the drovers" when describing the Shielfoot Macphersons. John Cameron, the retired factor, understands that the Macpherson drovers financed their occupation from Jacobite money received following the '45 Rising. It is well documented that the area supported the Jacobite cause but for many years the local residents preferred to say little about it due to the purges and sufferings that were endured.

      Residing in Shielfoot today are Allan Macpherson and his wife Janet, with their daughter and her family next door. He has old Mary's croft where he has built a new house and was able to assist her during her last years. This included putting in the electricity; an experience which she initially found difficult to cope with but soon overcame when she realised the comfort of an electric blanket! Mary informed Allan that it was her understanding


that the Macphersons had been in the area for over 300 years. Allan, as a member of the Glasgow City Police Pipe Band, has on many occasions proudly piped his Macpherson clansmen from Old Ralia during the Annual Clan Rally. He is a member of the Clan Association and was brought up in the area with his brother John (Iain), who lives nearby at Ardtoe. Both maintain a keen interest in their Shielfoot roots.

      Allan introduced me to Bruce Stewart from Glenrothes in Fife, who had been carrying out similar research to myself. His trail was much longer and more arduous than mine as his name had changed from Macpherson to MacLean to Stewart over the generations. His journey is a story in itself. As a result of his endeavours it was confirmed that my great-grandfather Archibald had a younger brother, Hugh, and it was from him that Allan descended. Even more surprisingly, he had an elder sister, Mary, born in 1801, of whom I was unaware. Fortunately, it was not all one-way and I was able to reciprocate and give Bruce information which assisted him with his research.

      The elder sister Mary married a Donald Macpherson in the early 1830s and set up home on the Torr at Shielfoot and thereafter that line became known as the 'Macphersons of the Torr'. They would have been one of the first families to move into the new Shielfoot and their croft, as the name suggests, was on a high rocky position. They were known to have at least eight children and it was from their daughter Mary, born 1836, that Bruce Stewart descended. Their youngest child became known as John (Iain) Ruadh (sometimes shown as Roy but pronounced roo-ug) of the Torr because of his reddish hair. He lived at the Torr up until the latter half of the 1880s when he was forced to move by the laird to make way for pheasant rearing. He was the last Macpherson to live on that croft. When the venture failed, John Ruadh intended to return but instead negotiated a deal over a house with a traveller who lived in Shielfoot. After acquiring the property, John Ruadh improved it and it was one of the first 'white houses' (mortared structure) in the area. Today it is known as 'Torr Wood' after John Ruadh. He had five children, including a son, Duncan, who lost


The War Memorial gate at Acharacle Parish Church.

his life in action at Salonika in 1917 whilst serving in the Border Regiment. He is remembered on the war memorial gates at the entrance into Acharacle Parish Church.

      So where do the Shielfoot Macphersons come from? It has been well documented in "Creag Dhubh" and "The Posterity Of The Three Brethren" that there were at least two other eponymous 'parsons', other than Duncan of Laggan, from whom Macphersons descend, namely, the Campbell and O'Docherty origins in Lochow and Skye. During a trip to the Drumnasallie area, I visited Tearlach MacFarlane, a genealogist with specialist knowledge of Argyll. He said that there was a strong probability that some of the Macphersons in Moidart and district descended from Sir Roderick (Rory) MacAlasdair MacDonald, the Parson of Eilean Fhionnan, Rector of Kilchoan, Arisaig and Knoydart, Dean of Morvern and Bishop-Elect of the Isles, extant 1545-46, who was the father of Allan MacPerson vic Alester (1547) and grandfather or great-grandfather of Allan McAllan VcPherson (mentioned earlier) of Okill (Ockle on the north shore of Ardnamurchan); hence plenty of time to allow his progeny to spread out in the Clanranald lands. Roderick was the younger half-brother of John of Moidart, the famous 8th Chief of Clanranald from Castle Tioram in the 16th century. John Macpherson, assumed to be a descendant, was noted in 1790 as residing at nearby Resipol farm and possibly holding the tack.

      Historical records show that Roderick MacAlasdair became implicated in the political troubles caused by Henry VIII, but afterwards got a full pardon under Mary of Guise. He was buried at Ardchattan Priory, where his tombstone is inscribed, "Hic jacet Reverendus et egregius vir Rodericus Alexandri, Rector Quondam Finani insulae". (Moidart or Among the Clanranalds: 1889) It is documented that in 1548 Allan MacPerson vic Alester received a pardon along with John of Moidart and the Chieftains of Glengarry, Knoydart, Morar and


Ardnamurchan for failing to assemble at Fallow Muir the previous year to resist the English who were enforcing a treaty of marriage between Queen Mary and the heir to the English crown and also for being involved in the "slauchter of ye Lord Lovet and his complices at (Blarleine)" in 1544. (The History Of The MacDonalds And Lord Of The Isles: 1881).

     The Shielfoot Macphersons of today and others whose forebears came from there, including Archy (former Editor) and myself, had handed down to us that we descended from the Macphersons of Badenoch. Macphersons, possibly in company with Camerons, moved from Drumnasallie to the township of Old Shielfoot within a short distance of Castle Tioram. This could account for the Macpherson and Cameron names recorded at Shielfoot almost 100 years later in the 1841 census. Did they arrive at Drumnasallie in Cameron country from Badenoch and were they at one time tailors to Cluny as believed by old Sandy? Or did they come from Clanranald territory as the descendants of Roderick MacAlasdair MacDonald the Parson? The historical evidence indicates that Roderick MacAlasdair may be considered the eponymous ancestor of the Macphersons of Ardnamurchan and Moidart. It is possible that the Shielfoot Macphersons originated from Clanranald land, moved to Drumnasallie and subsequently returned again to their original homeland where they were already an established clan in Ardnamurchan and Moidart society. Their recent ancestors have tended to identify with the Badenoch clan as their own genealogy has broadly been lost with the passage of time.

     The 1745 Muster Roll of the MacDonalds of Clanranald contains seven of the name Macpherson including a Donald of Moidart, Donald of Kinlochmoidart and Rory of Eilean Shona (within sight of Old Shielfoot), armed with guns and swords. Six of the name Cameron are also listed under the same banner. (Moidart, Or Among The Clanranalds: 1889) (Muster Roll of Prince Charles Edward Stuart's Army 1745-46: 1984). It is recorded that Donald Macpherson of Kinlochmoidart together with his son, John, subsequently emigrated to Moidart in Nova Scotia on the Dunkeld in 1791. However, there is some disagreement among published 'authorities' who have attempted to record the pioneer generation and it is John Macpherson, with two other MacDonald pioneers, who is commemorated on a cairn erected in Nova Scotia in 1938 as ". . . having fought for Scotland in the Clanranald regiment at the Battle of Culloden in 1746." ("Creag Dhubh" 1962, ppl0-11).

      This exciting and lengthy journey of discovery has no destination and my travels continue. The genealogy road can prove to be both fulfilling and frustrating but it is always rewarding through the various encounters experienced on the way. As I write, I wait to hear from John A. McPherson of Castle Cove, New South Wales. His ancestors came from Blaich, which is only a couple of miles from Drumnasallie, and arrived at Portland Bay, Victoria, on the Derry Castle in January 1855. We may just be distant cousins from the time of Donald (senior) c. 1690. Recently I introduced myself to the wearer of our hunting tartan kilt, an Alan Macpherson from Larbert, whose great-grandfather Allan Macpherson from Lochaber was the schoolmaster for Kilchoan and the registrar for Ardnamurchan from about 1875. Donald Macpherson of Gourock, who derives from Camusachork near Strontian and whose daughter Marion resides in Kansas, is another correspondent. As is John Redman from Wallsend, New South Wales, who is the great-great-grandson of 'Granny' Sarah MacPherson originally from Camusaine near Strontian. The experiences of 'Granny' MacPherson with her nine children as an emigrant to Australia in 1852, where 'McPhersons Crossing' was named in their honour, will make an interesting article in next year's edition of Creag Dhubh.

      I would be pleased to hear from any other clansfolk whose ancestors originate from the Ardnamurchan area. For those Macphersons, now or in the future, who think that my research may be of assistance to them, they will find it safely deposited within the Clan Museum library at Newtonmore.


By Alan G. Macpherson, St John's, Newfoundland
Part Three

      In Part One of the series on the Macphersons of Charles County (Creag Dhubh"No 34, 1982) readers were introduced to Lewin Dwinell McPherson of Washington, D.C.'s massive genealogical compilation Kincheloe, McPherson, and Related Families (1952), which was based on the premise that the numerous families stemming from Charles County were descended from three brothers: William, Alexander and Daniel McPherson, said to have arrived in the British colony in 1716 as Jacobite prisoners from the 'Fifteen Rising. Part One concentrated on the historical evidence for William McPherson's transportation to Maryland in October 1716, his acquisition of Dalraddie Plantation, and his descendants. Part Two (Creag Dhubh No 35, 1983) was devoted to a critical review of Lewin McPherson's account of Alexander McPherson and his family, and concluded by expressing some doubt as to Alexander's being a Jacobite prisoner of the 'Fifteen: he may have been in North America prior to the Rising. Part Three, as promised in the earlier articles, tells

The Story of Daniel McPherson
      Queen Anne died on the 1st of August 1714. Exactly one year later John Erskine, Earl of Mar, one of her Secretaries of State (but then out of office), slipped away from a levee at King George the First's court and caught ship to Scotland. On the 26th August 1715 he held a great timchioll or deer-hunt on the Braes of Mar in the headwaters of the Dee in Aberdeenshire at which he met with the leaders of the Scottish Jacobites, and on the 6th September he raised the standard at Braemar to begin the rising to replace King George with King James (VIII of Scotland, III of England).

      On the 13th September men of the Clanchattan from the Castlelands of Inverness -- McIntoshes, McPhersons, McGillivrays, McQueens, and others -- seized the town of Inverness for King James. And on the 5th October the McIntosh Regiment, a double battalion 700-strong, including men from Badenoch and two hundred Farquharsons from Mar, marched into the Jacobite camp at Perth under the command of William McIntosh of Borlum. His lieutenant-colonel was his chief and nephew, Lachlan McIntosh of Torcastle. In its ranks marched William McPherson "tailor" from Dalraddie in the Parish of Alvie in lower Badenoch and Daniel McPherson from Culloden in the Parish of Inverness.

      The McIntosh regiment acquitted itself brilliantly during the ensuing campaign, and was later reckoned to have proved itself the best in the Jacobite army. Its first exploit was the crossing of the Firth of Forth as part of a force of 1500 Highlanders under the command of Borlum, now a brigadier; the Clanchattan men were led by the Laird of McIntosh with John Farquharson of Invercauld as their lieutenant-colonel. They left Perth on the 9th October and made night marches into East Fife where boats were waiting. The Clanchattan men made the crossing on the night of the 11 th October to evade the government's naval blockade, rowing fifteen to twenty miles to land on the East Lothian shore east of Edinburgh. After an abortive attempt to take the old Scottish capital, the Highland brigade barricaded itself in the port and citadel of Leith on the 14th, defied a threat from pro-government forces under John Campbell, Duke of Argyll, on the 15th, and marched out along the eastern sands at dusk on the ebb tide.

      Over the next week they moved east, feinting toward Berwick on the English border, then south to Kelso where they met a force of Northumbrian and Scottish Border Jacobites under Thomas Forster and Lord Kenmuir. Discounting deserters, the insurgent army now consisted of 600 horse and 1400 foot, the latter predominantly Borlum's Highlanders. On the 23rd October, a Sunday, the Jacobite army went to worship in the Great Kirk of


Kelso, where (it was reported) "It was very agreeable to see how decently and reverently the very common Highlanders behav'd and answered the Responses according to the Rubric, to the shame of many that pretend to have more polite breeding". On the 24th King James was formally proclaimed on Kelso's market square at a parade in which the Highlanders marched "Colours flying, Drums beating, and Bag-pipes playing". As in other Scottish towns, they also collected excise, customs and other public revenues.

      The meeting with the English Jacobites was fatal to the Scottish part of the enterprise. The proposal to march the little army into northern England was met with fierce resistance from the Highlanders who threatened mutiny at Jedburgh on the 27th, objecting to placing themselves under English command (in the person of Forster) and within English jurisdiction. The debate continued as they proceeded southwest to Langholm, where 500 of the Scots marched off to rejoin the Jacobite forces still at Perth and in the West Highlands. Most of the Clanchattan men stayed with Borlum and accepted a promise of sixpence a day in pay if they were willing to serve in England -- among them William from Dalraddie and Daniel from Culloden. The army crossed the Esk into Cumberland on the 31st October.

      The next ten days were spent advancing slowly through Cumberland into Lancashire under appalling weather conditions. The Cumberland militia were routed on Penrith Fell, but the promised support from the Roman Catholic and High Anglican gentlemen of the northwestern counties was not forthcoming. At Lancaster the custom-house yielded money, six cannon, and "some claret and a good quantity of brandy, which was all given to the Highlanders to oblige them". On the 10th November they entered the pro-Jacobite town of Preston, where they were immediately invested by elements of the British Army.

      The street fighting of the 12th November -- usually called the Battle of Preston -- represented the first real clash of arms in the Rising, and the Clanchattan men played a prominent part in it. According to one witness, a Quaker, "The pagans [sic] who descended from the High Mountains of Scotland play'd the Devil under the command of one McIntosh, who may be compared to Beelzebub, the God of Ekron". Borlum, who was the most vigorous of the commanders, had had barricades erected in the main streets of the town, and the Clanchattan men manned the "Windmill" barricade in the northwest quarter. The street-fighting moved in that direction after two hours, and at 4 p.m., as government troops advanced along the street setting fire to houses and barns, the Clanchattan men concealed in the houses and gardens around the barricade "made a dreadful fire upon the King's Forces, killing many on the spot, and obliging them to make a retreat". A flank attack was met with similar tactics, forcing the troops to disengage, shortly after which reinforcements arrived to complete the investment of the town. The situation of the Jacobite army was strategically hopeless, as Borlum realised. Talk of surrender "at discretion", that is, unconditionally, however, was vehemently opposed by the rank-and-file Highlanders, who preferred instead to break out of the trap and take their chances. Borlum, however, was persuaded to surrender on their behalf on the morning of the 14th November.

      The decision to surrender, inevitable as it may have been, began the ordeal of the common Highlanders, now prisoners outside the jurisdiction of their own country and subject to English law and punishment. Some 1400 men were incarcerated for the first month in the town church of Preston, and were then dispersed to the Castles of Lancaster, Chester and Liverpool to await trial. Trials began on the 20th January 1716 and continued for three weeks, during which sixty-seven men were found guilty of treason and seven were acquitted; whereupon, on the 9th February, the main body of prisoners petitioned for banishment. As the Crown had longstanding powers to deliver prisoners to contractors for transportation to the colonies as indentured servants, the petition was successful and the trial process was terminated. Three further months of incarceration followed while contractors were engaged and shipping was arranged. A visitor to Liverpool in May saw "a great many going to the Change to be bound to trades in the Plantations and were very lusty fellows" -- an indication that those who had survived the ordeal were in reasonably good


health. Before embarkation, however, each batch of prisoners was held in Liverpool's Old Tower Gaol, which consisted of seven cells below ground, of which six were six feet in height, length and width and held four men each, while a larger cell for twelve men held as many as forty on occasion. The exercise yard was twenty yards long and ten wide, and was used as a latrine. This, then, was the last experience of life in Britain enjoyed by the unfortunate Highlanders.

      The Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, Vol.XXIX: America and the West Indies, 1716-July 1717 contains reference to the transportation procedures. As a preliminary, instructions were sent to all the colonial governors that "as soon as any of them [the transportees] land, they were to appoint a sufficient guard for securing them til they are dispos'd of according to the terms of the indentures they have entered into, and to take notice that such of the prisoners as have not entered into indentures . . . are not to be set at liberty until they have engaged themselves by indentures in the same way as the others". Purchasers were to be provided with certificates stating that it was "His Majesty's pleasure that they shall continue servants to them and their assigns for the term of seven years" (Nos 128, 129, 144 and 145). The State Papers also contain lists of men consigned to particular shipmasters, from which the following table has been drawn (Nos 309 i,ii; 310 i,ii,iii,v; 311-3 313):

      Among the transportees were fourteen men of the Clann Mhuirich Macphersons, among whom may be discerned William McPherson "tailor" (McIntaylor?) from Dalraddie in the last shipload -- the Godspeed arrived in the Potomac on the 18th October -- and Daniel McPherson from Culloden in the first shipload to escape the noisome conditions of Liverpool's Old Tower Gaol. Aboard the Scipio with Daniel were two men from the vicinity of Culloden who did not long survive the passage of the Atlantic: John McGillivray and Hugh Ross. The official documents do not mention the name of the ship's captain, but a prefatory note attached to a letter written by Daniel thirteen months later (and later still published as a broadsheet) indicates that he was Captain Toltine. In his letter Daniel mentions a Mr Nichols as responsible for finding him a master in the New World.

      Daniel's letter relays to his father his experience of the Atlantic passage, his reception and initial experiences in North America, and his hopes for the future. It was directed in the following terms: "For Shames Makaferson, neir te Lairt o Collottin's Hous neir Inernes, in te Nort o Skotlan", which translates "For James McPherson, near the Laird of Culloden's House near Inverness, in the North of Scotland". The letter begins thus:


Portobago in Marylan, te 2d June 1717

Deer lofen ant kynt Fater,
      Dis is to lat you ken dat I am in guid Healt, plissed bi God for dat, houpin to heer de lyk frae you . . .
and closes thus:
. . . A tis is frae yur nane lofen and opedient Sin,
[signed] Tonal Makaferson

      Daniel McPherson, like most of the common Highlanders, was illiterate. His letter home was dictated to an amanuensis, one "Shames Mackeyne" (James MacKenzie?) from Pettie (the parish immediately east of Inverness) who wrote in a curious phonetic version of Broad or Lowland Scots dialect overlaid with a Highland accent, quite delightful to the inner ear of those who can still recall that style of speech -- and probably the reason for its choice as a broadsheet. In writing to his father, Daniel pronounced himself to be Domhnaill Mac a Phearsain, the Gaelic form of his name; the contents of the letter make the identification quite certain. In the interest of comprehension the full text of the letter is appended below, rendered into regular spelling and with explanations for dialect terms:

Port Tobacco in Maryland, the 2nd June 1717

Dear loving and kind Father,
      This is to let you know that I am in good health, pleased be God for that, hoping to hear the like from you. As I am your own son, I would have been ill-learned if I had not let you know this by Captain Roger's ship that goes to Inverness, in case I do not get such another opportunity this towmon [twelvemonth] again. The ship that I came in was a long time on the sea coming over here: but pleased be God for everything, we all kept our healths unco [extremely] well but Johnnie McGillivray, that had aye [always] a sore head. There was sixty of us all came into the country hale of life and limb, and none of us has died but Johnnie McGillivray and another Ross lad [Hugh Ross] that came over with us; and maybe them two would have died gin [if] they had biden [stayed] at home, gin they had been hanged by Cuckold Geordie [King George, referring to the Queen's infidelity], or killed by his cursed red-coats; they took from me my bonnie gun, pistol, dirk and plaid, and left me nothing. By my faith I cannot complain for coming to this country, for Mr Nicols, Lord bless him, put me to a braw [fine] master, they call him John Bayne, and he lives in Maryland, in the River Potomac.; he never gart [made] me work (at) anything but what I liked (to do) myself; the most of my work is watering a braw stoned-horse [stallion], and bringing wine and bread out of the cellar to my master's table. Since ever I came to him, I never wanted a pot of better ale nor is in all John Glass's house; for I aye sit down with the bairns [children] to dinner. My master says to me, when I can speak like the folk here, that I shall not be bidden do nothing but gar [make] his blackamoors work; for these folk here do not used to work but the first year after they came into the country: they speak all like the soldiers in Inverness [the English garrison].

      Loving father, When the servants here have done with their masters, they grow unco rich, and it's no wonder, for they make a hantle [a lot] of tobacco, and the switis [sweeties, sweet apples?] and apples, and the cherries and the pears grow in the woods wanting dykes [without fences] about them; the swine, the teuks [ducks or hens] and turkeys go in the woods wanting masters [without owners]; the tobacco grows just like the dockens at the back of the Laird's yard; and the ships they come from ilka [every] place, and buys them, and gives a hantle of silver for them. My own master came to the country a servant, weil I wat [well do I know] he's now worth many a thousand pound. Faith you may believe me the poorest planter here lives almost as well as the Laird of Culloden. Maybe when my time is out I will come home and see you, but not for the first nor the next year, till I gather something of my own; for when I have done with my master, he must give me a plantation, and set me up, it's the custom here in this country; and syn [then] I hope to gar [have] you drink wine instead of twopenny [cheap ale] in Inverness. I wish I had come over here two or three years sooner nor I did, since I would have come the sooner home; but God be thanked that I came so soon as I did. Gin [If] you could send me over by any of your Inverness ships anything to me, an [even if] it were so muckle clays [much cloth] as (would) make a kilt, it would maybe gar my master think the more of me: it's true I get clothes enough from him, but anything from you would look well and bonnie. And please God, gin I live, I shall pay you back again.


      Loving Father, The man that writes this letter for me, is one James McKenzie; he lives just a mile from me; he has been unco kind to me since ever I came into the country; he was born in Pettie, and came over a servant from Glasgow, and has been his own man two years, and has six blackamoors working till [for] him already, making tobacco ilka day; he will win home shortly, and all the gear [wealth] that he has won here, and buy a lordship [property] at home. Look that you do not forget to write to me always when you get any occasion. God Almighty bless you, Father, and all the lave of the house [rest of the household],for I have not forgotten any of you, nor do you not forget me. For please God I shall come home with gear enough to do you all and my ownself good. I weit [know] you will be very vokie [merry] when you see your own son's face again, for I have learned a hantle hevins [haivans, a lot of manners] since I saw you, and I am unco book-learned. I hope tey he shest mi te me Crace [meaning obscure]. God bless our own King James yet now, I'm very sure the Lord will send him back again to Scotland, though I should never see the day. God save him, I will pray that all my days.

      All this is from your own loving and obedient son,

Donald McPherson

      This letter effectively disposes of the idea that Daniel, William and Alexander McPherson of Charles County were brothers or in any close relationship. Daniel's father, James McPherson, cannot be identified in the marriage and baptismal register of the Parish of Inverness, but three heads of families of the name are on record as contemporary with him in Culloden: Donald McPherson, weaver, there in 1708, but later in the neighbouring farm of Cullearnie; Alexander McPherson, raising a family there between 1710 and 1726, his youngest son called James; and William McPherson, there in 1711. Relationships among them cannot be determined: Macphersons had been associated with Culloden since at least as far back as 1582 (when Duncan M'Pherson in Culloden served on a jury in the tolbooth of Inverness), and there were numerous families of the name in many of the neighbouring farms. Daniel's silence concerning his mother probably indicates that James was a widower with a grown family; there are hints that he was a weaver to trade.

      Whether Captain Rogers ever received the letter, whether it ever reached James McPherson at Culloden, and whether any correspondence ensued between father and son is unknown. Did Daniel ever receive material from home to make a kilt ? Did he ever "win home" to entertain his father to wine in Inverness and show off his newly acquired book-learning and good manners? If more was known about the way in which the letter became the subject of a broadsheet these questions could be answered. It can be safely assumed, however, that Daniel completed his term of white servitude by 1723, and that his master, John Bayne, followed "the custom of the country" by setting him up in a plantation to grow tobacco with black slave-labour, though neither its name nor its size and location are on record. Unlike William McPherson of Dalraddie Plantation, Daniel's age at any particular point in his life is unknown, but he was described in the prefatory note to the broadsheet as "a young lad". On the other hand, he may have married before his indenture was out: the Maryland Calendar of Wills (Vol. VIII: 111) cites the will of Daniel McPherson, planter, dated 22 May 1740 and proved or probated at La Plata in Charles County [on] 1 August 1740, naming his wife Elizabeth, their daughters Mary and Elizabeth, and their sons Alexander, Richard and Basil. At least two of the sons were under age and only to inherit land at age eighteen, i.e. they were born after 1722. Inventory of his estate was taken on 1st April 1741, one of the witnesses being William McPherson, Jr. -- either William of Dalraddie Plantation or the son of Alexander McPherson (Creag Dhubh No 35, 1983). An earlier will, signed by James Thompson on the 30th March 1733 and proved 4 August 1734 (Vol. VII: 102), bequeathed parts of "Thompson's Hope Plantation" to Richard and John McPhersons; if it is assumed that the legatees were young sons of Daniel McPherson, it seems reasonable to infer that their mother was Elizabeth Thompson, daughter of the deceased. John may have predeceased his father or have become independently established by 1740; he was probably the eldest son. With marriage and a


rising family, and the acquisition of a plantation, Daniel McPherson probably abandoned all thoughts of a return to Culloden, triumphant or otherwise.

      By way of epilogue, it should be noted that Volume XXIX of the Calendar of State Papers, Colonial was published in 1930, and that the broadsheet letter was republished in the first volume of the Maryland Historical Magazine in December 1906. Yet Lewin McPherson, Daniel's fifth-generation descendant and assiduous compiler of genealogies and biographies, seems to have remained ignorant or unheeding of them. Otherwise he would never have entertained the hypothesis developed by Maud Burr Morris and Alan Corson, William of Dalraddie Plantation's descendants, that the McPhersons of Charles County, Maryland, were descended from three brothers from Argyllshire.

Bibliographic Note: The account of the 'Fifteen Rising was largely drawn from W.K. Dickson's 'Narrative of the Highland Campaigns' in T.B. Johnston and J.A. Robertson's Historical Geography of the Clans of Scotland (1899); John Bayne's The Jacobite Rising of 1715 (1970); and Bruce Lenman's The Jacobite Risings in Britain, 1689-1746 (1980).

By Euan Macpherson

      In many ways, 1996 marks a double anniversary for the Clan Macpherson. It is -- as we all know -- our 50th Rally in Badenoch since the formation of the Clan Macpherson Association. But it is also the 250th anniversary of the last known occasion the Macphersons rallied for war under their chief before the dispersal of the clan.

      The last gathering took place at Ruthven -- the impressive ruin which now overlooks the town of Kingussie. It was here that the remnants of the Jacobite Army rallied after the debacle at Culloden.

      It is worth reminding ourselves of some things. Ewan Macpherson of Cluny was one of the Prince's truly outstanding military lieutenants. He (and the Clan Macpherson) commanded sufficient respect and authority within the Jacobite Army for Ruthven to be


chosen as a rallying-point not just for the Macphersons but for the entire Jacobite Army after Culloden.

      About 4,000 men made their way to Ruthven, making Cluny -- however briefly -- the upholder of the Jacobite cause and the most dangerous threat to Cumberland and the Hanoverian regime. All the clan chiefs wanted to carry on the fight and the men who gathered at Ruthven spent their time planning for a long guerilla campaign through the summer.

      What ended the Forty-Five was not Culloden but the Prince's decision to throw in the towel and go on the run. The army which had gathered at Ruthven under Cluny was abandoned by the Prince when he made off on his own.

      Ruthven, 1746, was the last time Clan Macpherson rallied together in battle formation under its chief. It is this event that we will be remembering when the clan once more meets at Ruthven in 1996.

And again in 2006!


"The Highlander", 28th October, 1876

      "Death of a centenarian. Alexander Macpherson, Port an Aisig, died on Monday morning at the advanced age of 112 years. He seemed to be a man of fair intelligence and common sense. He used to say his memory was quite vivid on everything he saw or heard since he was a boy. But if there was anything he was apt to forget it was what took place of late years. Till within a week or two ago he was able to rise almost every day and when the weather was warm he was in the habit of taking a short walk outside. He was very healthy all his life and very moderate in his habits. As a worker he was active, diligent and persevering."

      The above was in the district news of Glenborrodale, Ardnamurchan. The number of 11th November 1876 mentions the death of one Alex Maclachlan, aged 115 years, also in Ardnamurchan.

HUGH BARRON, Inverness

CLUNY WHISKY Adverisment


Australian Branch
Chairman -- John R. McPherson, 32 Berryman Drive, Modbury, South Australia 5092.
      During the past twelve months all listed members in Australia have been contacted by letter and responses sought about contact information, membership status, receipt of "Creag Dhubh" and support for a national rally.

      Feedback from a core of enthusiasts has been very encouraging and has led to offers to promote membership drives in two states: Tasmania, courtesy of Dr R.J.S. "Mac" Macpherson and Queensland, courtesy of Joy Edmistone. A newspaper article appeared in "The West Australian Newspaper" inviting potential Clan members to contact the Australian Chairman thanks to the initiative of John David Gillespie. Several responses were received.

      A special thanks must be given to Joy Edmistone of Queensland for setting up a database of Clan members in Australia.

      There appears to be at least an interest among a group of members for a national rally in the future. The resurrection of sub-branches and the formation of a national executive would be key developments in a lead-up to a national rally. Therein lies a great challenge in a country the size of Australia.

Badenoch and North of Scotland Branch
Joint Chairmen -- Lady Macpherson, Duncan Gillespie; Hon. Treasurer -- Helen White; Hon. Secretary -- Joyce Banks.
      The home branch of the Association is growing with new members and working to re-activate the large numbers on the membership roll of this area from whom we have not heard for some time, with a view to strong local support in 1995 and 1996.

      The lunch at Newtonmore School which we organise after the Association's annual general meeting as part of the Rally programme is proving a popular occasion and 52 people attended this year.

      The Branch annual general meeting was held at Craig Dhu House as an evening function and produced constructive ideas for the future.

      The Branch AGM voted unanimously to ask the Jubilee Committee to reconsider the cairn proposal. Two new cairns had been erected locally this year already, and upkeep on existing monuments was a never-ending problem. It was felt that the Museum was the flag-ship of the Clan, and a memorial to Ewan of the '45 with a suitable plaque would be a new display or room allowing our ever-increasing exhibits to be displayed worthily.

      The Branch was subsequently gratified to learn that the Jubilee Committee had considered this extremely carefully and had reached a firm decision to proceed with the cairn but simultaneously to devote resources to the up-grading of the Museum. The Branch is delighted to express its full support and will of course be particularly involved in the ultimate choice of site.

Canadian Branch
Chairman- ;                   Vice-Chairman -- W. Ian McPherson, Etobicoke, Ont.; Secretary- Mrs Nancy Macpherson, Burlington, Ont.: Treasurer- Mrs Marlene McPherson, Scarborough, Ont.

      The Canadian Branch members enjoyed a week-end Rally from September 9th to I I th at the Confederation Place Hotel in Kingston, Ontario. We were fortunate to have as our guests for the week-end Ewen and Margaret MacPherson, our new International Chairman and his charming wife.

      On Friday evening the Chairman's Reception was held. This was followed by a talk given by James Macpherson of Kingston about the founding of Fort Henry by his ancestor


Col. Donald Macpherson of Gaskmore, Badenoch. Then a film by Monroe Macpherson of scenes from the Badenoch country was shown.

      On Saturday morning the 45th Annual General Meeting was held, with Neil McPherson as acting Chairman since, unfortunately, both our Chairman Stuart and Vice-Chairman Oliver were unable to attend due to illness. A new slate of officers was presented.

      On Saturday afternoon many members attended the Celtic Festival being held at Fort Henry. We gathered for a banquet on Saturday evening, followed by a ceilidh where Ronald Macpherson of Kingston surprised us with a visit and monologue, disguised as a Father of Confederation, Sir John A. MacDonald, who was a nephew of Col. Donald Macpherson and his wife. A display by a Scottish Country Dancing group ended the evening.

      On Sunday we were invited to St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, where Chairman Ewen read the lesson.

      Several children attended the week-end and they enjoyed the festivities with the adults.

      In June we held our Annual Picnic at Bronte Park and it was very much enjoyed by all who attended.

      In August the Clan Association was invited to attend the 200th anniversary of St Andrew's Presbyterian Church at Niagara-on-the-Lake. The lesson was read by Gordon and Rev. Allan Macpherson, formerly of Cumbernauld, was guest speaker.

      We had a very successful year, and we are still hoping to organise by Provinces.

      The Canadian Branch sends greetings to all fellow members worldwide.

England & Wales Branch
Chairman -- Vic Macpherson-Clifford; Vice-Chairman -- Angus Macpherson; Treasurer -- Angus Macpherson-, Hon. Secretary -- Annie LeRoy-Lewis, Flat 17, 169 Queenstown Road, London SW8 3RJ.

      The England & Wales Branch's Annual General Meeting was held on 12th May 1994 at the Royal Scottish Corporation at which all the current office-bearers and committee members were re-elected for another year with the addition of a new committee member, Miss Emma Macpherson. The evening was well attended and the buffet supper supplied by the 'ladies' was enjoyed by all.

      Our Annual Dinner and Dance was held on Friday, 18th November 1994, at the Hotel Russell. A record number of 149 tickets were sold which ensured that the evening got off to a great start and was enjoyed enormously by all members and their guests who were present. A delicious four-course dinner was served, including haggis, which was piped in by Robert Pearson and addressed by Donald McPherson. Our Chairman welcomed everybody to the dance, especially the large number of new members, and proposed a toast to the Clan Macpherson Association and its guests, which was replied to on behalf of the guests by the International Chairman of the Association, Ewen MacPherson.

      Our usual band leader, Stan Watts, was unable to attend the dance due to ill health, but the rest of his band, led by Fred Bryant, played for us with Andrew Gillies as Master of Ceremonies. The dance programme consisted of mainly Scottish reels as well as a waltz, quickstep and a few of Andrew Gillies' 'special dances', and the dancing finished with a shower of balloons which provided a fitting end to a most enjoyable evening.

      The dinner and dance was an enormous success and we hope that members will continue to support the evening and perhaps even improve on the record numbers this year.

      We send greetings to all our fellow members worldwide.

South African Branch
Chairman -- Allan D. MacPherson, 519 Long Avenue, Ferndale, Randburg, 2194 South Africa; Vice-Chairman -- Kevin MacPherson; Committee -- Roderick MacPherson, Eric McPherson, David MacPherson Smith, Huntly MacPherson, Stuart Macpherson.
      This year has been a quiet one for us but what a contrast 1995 is going to be. When we heard


of the plans for celebrating our 50th Anniversary in 1996 we were all delighted and a wave of enthusiasm swept over us.

      What a great idea it is to celebrate both the 50th Anniversary of the formation of our Clan Association and the 250th Anniversary of the stirring events of the '45, and the substantial part played by our Clan. As far as the erection of a cairn is concerned, the idea of using stones from each of the branches is absolutely inspired. The cairn will stand for many centuries as a reminder of the loyalty Clan members feel towards their old ancestral lands in Badenoch and towards our Chief, Cluny. Clansfolk from all points of the compass will be remembered by the incorporation of their particular stone in the cairn. A great idea.

      We will certainly be sending a stone (and proud to do so) from South Africa, and as I have already explained to Ewen, our International Chairman, we are going to obtain one from the deepest mine in the world!!

      Our main objectives this year will be to obtain the finest stone we can get and to raise funds to help with the erection of the cairn. We will hold a golf day and one or two raffles and the proceeds we will send direct to Ewen at Talla-Shee.

      During the year Eric McPherson was lucky enough to attend the Clan Gathering in Badenoch. He proved to be an able ambassador for our branch and greatly enjoyed himself. The hospitality and kinship he enjoyed were, as usual, superb.

      We send our fondest greetings from all in South Africa to Cluny and Sheila and all of our Clan in Scotland and throughout the world.

Beannachd leibh.

Southland, New Zealand Branch
Chairman -- Beth Cairns; Secretary -- Athole Macpherson, 164 Lewis Street, Invercargill.

      The New Zealand Branch Annual Meeting was held at Beth Cairns' home on 28th May with a small attendance. We were delighted to have Jeannie Edie Levett with us as we are most keen to attract younger folk and we appreciated the distance she had come.

      We are sad to have to report the deaths of three of our ladies who have been loyal supporters of our activities for many years. Beth's mother Frances died in early February, aged 90, after a brief illness, and sisters-in-law Enid Galt and Christina Baird died in late October and early March respectively. We are grateful for their interest and help.

      We had a very pleasant day for our Clan tour and enjoyed the lovely countryside, gardens and companionship. It is interesting that with advancing years our outings nowadays take on a more leisurely nature -- nonetheless most enjoyable. We will be meeting next month at Margaret Harding's home for a potluck lunch. As some come a little distance it is a good chance to catch up with folk not often seen during the year.

      Clan Macpherson had the largest attendance at the Combined Clans picnic at Dolamore Park near Gore in February and we ranged from Campbell's grand-daughters (now joined by a new son) to his father-in-law from Casper, Wyoming, over for a visit. Truth often being stranger than fiction, I was amazed to find that it is the same area my great-aunt lived in.

      A short time after the picnic, Ada was able to take her dad to an evening of Scottish country dancing put on by local dancers to greet a visiting group from Canada and US, dancers and musicians. They had such fun they intend returning in two years.

      We now learn that a Gaelic choir will visit from Australia early next year, so we may be far off but we do have our Scottish contacts. These singers attended the Mod fairly recently.

      Clansfolk were interested to hear of the cairn and feel it will be a fitting tribute to Ewan Macpherson and his loyal and fearless clansfolk. The testimony to Cluny's character is very apt and for those fortunate enough to be in attendance at the unveiling in 1996 it will be a grand occasion. I know of two sisters from our branch who hope to be there.

      I have a piece of schist from the head of the Arrow River where there was a gold strike


about the 1860s. Such stones were tossed aside by miners in their quest for that elusive nugget which would earn them a life of leisure or at least help them to establish themselves. Maybe a Macpherson labouring in the extremes of cold and heat threw that stone and it is coming to his native area to be incorporated into a cairn for his Chief!

      We too are heading for our fiftieth year as an association in 1996 so thinking caps are required headgear so we can mark the occasion adequately.

      I was sorry to learn of the death of Kenneth, whom my sister and I met at the International Rally in 1977 and again at the August Rally in 1981. With Sandy he was extremely helpful and kind to visiting "cousins" and we had the pleasure of being invited to a meal at his and Edith's home. A Scots gentleman we were proud to meet.

      We wish you well with the fund-raising for the cairn and extend the very best of wishes to Macphersons wherever they be. We greatly enjoy reading of your activities in "Creag Dhubh"


United States Branch
Chairman -- Larry Lee McPherson, 2837 Valley Spring Dr., Caledonia, Michigan, USA 49316; Secretary -Alice Carson, 450 River Front Circle, Naperville, Illinois, USA 60540.       CMA-US Branch experienced continued growth this past year, now at approximately 1500 members including representatives from all 50 States (we finally got North Dakota, but now have to reinstate Alaska). We were applauded at the AGM in Newtonmore in August for our success in bringing many new members into the Clan. This could not have been accomplished if not for the efforts of our dedicated members attending the various Highland Games across our nation from Hawaii to Maine, Washington to Florida and most States in between. Then the fine follow up by our Membership Chairman James W. McPherson and renewal notification from our Treasurer Grace M. McPherson really help to attain this growth. We were further honoured this year to have James W. McPherson, our Membership leader, presented with Cluny's Wildcat award for outstanding contributions toward Clan growth. Well done, Jim!       Lillas and I were fortunate to be able to attend the AGM in Newtonmore again this year. We had a very good representation from the US with more than 20, but we surely missed our good cousin Helen MacPherson Thompson. She was held back by illness. We all wish her well. As it worked out, our stone from Michigan was the first piece presented for the cairn memorial to celebrate the 50th CMA AGM in Scotland. We were outdone though by Sandy's wheelbarrow of stones from Scotland! Let's all be sending more from the US to match our homeland cousins.

      We had a grand time at the tea at Glentruim and our visit to Newton Castle at Blairgowrie. The "high point" of this year's visit was our hike to the top of Dun Dà Làmh (the Fort of the Two Hands). Sandy led us to these ruins which date back to around 600 B.C. The view from this site was almost unreal. Rod Clarke provides "Creag Dhubh" readers with more details on this historic site in his article.

      In September the 1994 CMA-US gathering was held in Savannah, Georgia. More than 120 were in attendance. We had our usual business meetings, banquet dinner, ceilidhs, river cruise and other tours of this historic city. George and Anne Murdock did an outstanding job as conveners of this 21st US gathering. Our 1995 joint US and Canadian AGM will be held in Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts. You are all invited, get your reservations in early!

      This was my third and last term as Chairman of the US Branch. Lillas and I enjoyed serving in this capacity and really felt it an honour to be given this opportunity of leadership. We have attempted to do our very best and we know the elected leadership to follow will continue in this effort. Best wishes to you all. We are looking forward to seeing you again at our various gatherings around the US and we are especially excited about celebrating the 50th CMA AGM in Scotland in 1996.


West Australia Branch
Chairman -- Chevalier Douglas McPherson, KCT, FSA(Scot), "Glenfalloch", Roleystone, W.A. 6111; Secretary - Margaret McPherson.

      We wish to record our appreciation to Archy for all the great work he performed as Editor and to thank Mrs Hambleton for taking it on for us all. Like the Fiery Cross, it keeps us informed.

      Everything goes in a circle, and it's great to see "Craig Dhu House" again a McPherson property.

      The "Creag Dhubh" is so full of interesting material that I am tempted to make a donation!!

      Regarding the Clan Armorial, we have "The Company of Armigers" in Victoria, Australia. The Patron, the Lord Lyon and the Armiger Principal is J. Howard-Wright, FSA(Scot), FHS(Hon).

      The gathering is held in Canberra in November. Last year honoured guests included the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Lindsay and his lovely Countess. Our newspaper reported that "they wore their dirks in their stocking"!

      In earlier issues of "Creag Dhubh" the origin of the Crosslet Fitchee on our Arms, as depicted on Jamie's (page 19 of "Creag Dhubh" No 46) was debated. During my researches since then, I find that at least 17 Clans depict the Cross Crosslet on their Arms. Also, Dame Juliana Berners quoting the "Boke of St Albans", states that, "Crossis Innumerabull are borne dayli. There are well over 100 variations of this interesting charge, perhaps the most striking being the Cross Crosslet Fitchee".

      Warmest regards from us all here, and deepest sympathy too for those in their recent loss of loved ones. God bless.


29 Mtn View Road,
Timaru, New Zealand. 30th September 1994.

The Editor, "Creag Dhubh" Magazine, Edinburgh.
Dear Margaret,
      What a pleasant surprise to read that you are having a turn as editor of our CMA magazine. I trust that you are really enjoying being back in Scotland among friends and relations.

      I am writing for two reasons. Firstly, I thought it may be of interest to readers of "Creag Dhubh" to know that in Kincardine-Abernethy parish, Strathspey, I have come across another two aliases used by my forebears. The ones mentioned about three years ago were Lisach (a form of Gillies) and Doulach (which I've found in Kirkmichael parish, Banffshire records as Dowl/Doul alias Macp.). These were early 1700 entries.

      Recently I came across Inverness-shire Testaments, an Index (on microfiche at Dunedin Mormon Family History Centre) and was delighted to read, 24 June 1721, Testament of John McPherson or Paulach, in Auchemach. Previously searches of Abernethy Parish records had revealed a christening 1773, for Duncan son of John McPalias Paulach and Margaret Murray in Badenedin, this farmstead being close to Auchemach. Careful checking reveals that Duncan McP was the person (wife Janet Grant) who is buried alongside my gr. -gr. -grandparents at Inverallan Cemetery close to West Finlarig. The latter was where these direct forebears James McP (b.c. 1755 d. 1835) and Janet Cameron (b. 1758 d. 1834) lived. Hopefully actual reading of this 1721 Testament may reveal next of kin and where exactly they lived.


      Possibly my search may lead to McPs who I know lived in Inverallan Parish, some before 1700. Whether descended from Paul McP of Dalraddy (Sliochd Kenneth) or from Paul McP of Strathmashie (Sliochd Iain) I'm unsure, but much points to the latter.

      More importantly, I am writing on behalf of a John S. Hulton, 25 Larchwood Ave, Westmere, Auckland 2. He is keen to make contact with descendants and kinsfolk of a John Macpherson, excise officer, who 8 Sept 1828 married a Jane Drummond at Campbelltown, Argyllshire. This man was a son of a John Macp of Ralia in Badenoch.

      John Hulton is keen to obtain photographs and information about his nearest Macp kin. Even small items of information can be very helpful. John's great grandpa John Macp (b. 18 Jan 1833 at East Greenock), son of John and Jane (above) was once a well known person in the Bay of Plenty area of NZ North Island.

      It seems that he left Scotland as a young man and went to the Californian gold fields. Later he came to New Zealand and tried his hand at several occupations. He was a farmer, storekeeper, postmaster and breeder of Clydesdale horses. Also he built and managed the first hotel at Matata, later buying two trading ships which sailed round our coasts. He planted fruit trees from one end of Poverty Bay to the other (50 to 80 miles along the bay) and was a keen game shooter who greatly enjoyed going out with friends to shoot ducks and pheasants.

      Unfortunately he died following a severe attack of bronchitis, being only 54 years old. He left a young widow, Mariana Te Oha, and several children. Today his descendants are estimated at close to one thousand! His obituary, dated 15 August 1887, speaks of him in glowing terms such as 'a fine colonist, kind, generous, hospitable and loyal to his friends'.

      John Macp's brother was also a man of considerable ability. He was James Drummond Macp, born 29 July 1829 in East Greenock, and he came to Lyttelton in 1859. In 1865 he was elected to the Canterbury Provincial Council and again 1869-70, having become a prominent merchant. He was a keen churchman, helping to establish two new congregations. In 1866 he had become owner of Woodstock sheep station, and his brother Malcolm apparently went into partnership with him at that time. Also in the 1860's James owned a sawmill.

      In 1880 he became a JP and in 1883 was President of the Chamber of Commerce. He had taken a very full part in the business and public life of Christchurch and Canterbury. 31 December 1888 he and his family moved to Sydney, Australia, where he managed a marine insurance company. He died 3 October 1894 aged 65.

      His brother Malcolm had graduated MA at Glasgow University before emigrating in 1865 to Canterbury. Following his involvement in Woodstock sheep run he took on business and in 1895 became General Manager of the NZ Loan & Mercantile Company in Wellington. This was a very large business in those days. He died in England, 26 June 1916.

      All the very best. Beannachd leat. Yours in Clan matters,



6075 Erlanger Street,
San Diego, CA 92122 USA.
18th October 1994.

Mrs Margaret Hambleton,
Editor, "Creag Dhubh".

Dear Mrs Hambleton,
      Sandy Macpherson's article on "World Wide Macphersons" ("Creag Dhubh" 1994, No 46) prompts me to nominate one of our beautiful California mountains to the collection of clan place names.


McPherson Peak is the highest mountain in the Sierra Madre Mountains of the Los Padres National Forest in Santa Barbara County. It rises to 5749 feet (1752m), approximately 35 miles north of the resort city of Santa Barbara and 45 miles east of Vandenberg Air Force Base, the famous US west coast spaceport. It is roughly equidistant from Los Angeles and San Francisco.

      The peak is likely named in honour of General James Birdseye McPherson since other California place names were assigned in honour of contemporary Civil War heroes. I have not yet confirmed this assumption.



14 Rectory Green,
Beckenham, Kent.
7th April 1994.

Clan McPherson House,

Dear Sir/Madam,
      I am researching my family in Scotland and understand you may be able to help. My great-great-grandfather was Alexander McPherson who kept the Dalwhinnie Toll-Bar in 1857 at least and probably later. His wife was Grace (née Butter) and their daughter, Margaret, was married at the Toll-Bar in 1857 to John McGregor, who was a game-keeper, and they lived at Drumochter Lodge at least until 1873 when Margaret McGregor (nee McPherson) died.

      Would you have any records of these people? That is -- when and where they died -- particularly Alex and Grace McPherson, where they are buried and if there was any other issue apart from Margaret. Do you know the date when the Toll-Bar ceased and was it situated where I understand there is now a cafe? Do you know if there are any photographs or pictures of the Dalwhinnie Toll-Bar as it would have been in the 1860's -- I assume the McPhersons lived there.

      I do not really know what records you keep at Newtonmore, but I was directed to you by the owner of Ballindalloch Castle, which I visited last year -- a Mrs Claire Russell, I believe.

Yours truly,

[Editor's note: Mrs Claire Russell of Ballindalloch was born Claire Macpherson-Grant of Invereshie. Her son Guy is, with Cluny, Pitmain and Glentruim, one of the representatives to-day of the Three Brethren.]


6 Muriel Street,
4650 Australia.
12th October 1994.

The Editor, "Creag Dhubh".
Dear Mrs Hambleton,
      One hundred years ago, in January next year, Christina Macpherson helped Banjo Paterson put "Waltzing Matilda" to music, so I wrote an article about them which I hope you might like to print in "Creag Dhubh". I have seen snippets about "Waltzing Matilda" in the magazine, but not a longer article.

I was very pleased to see my article about our bushranger, the Wild Scotchman, also my letter, in this year's edition, and had a letter from Malcolm McPherson, Timaru, New Zealand, because of it, which is very gratifying. Malcohn suggested I write to Alan Macpherson in Newfoundland, Canada, which I did, and when he wrote back he informed


me he had been over here, and stayed on a property not far from where I live. I contacted the lady he stayed with -- one of the Rockhampton McPhersons -- and she said she knew I was doing the family tree because Viv Chase, Mayor of Gin Gin, where the Wild Scotchman was captured, and descendant of the Wild Scotchman's sister, Christina, had told her about me.

      Alan was able to send me some information on my ancestors and I have sent him stories about Alan Macpherson, who founded Mt Abundance Station, near Roma, Queensland, in the 1840's, but was driven off by wild aboriginees. Your magazine has widespread impact on its readers.

      I am trying to find out more about my original McPherson ancestor, John McPherson, born Dalraddy late 1700's, married Margaret Kennedy. Their first child was born 5th January, 1803. John and Margaret were both dead in 1854 when their son, John, his wife, Elspeth Bruce, and their ten children migrated to Australia. I wonder if some of your readers have any information. I can't find any records here in the Utah files.

      Congratulations on such an interesting magazine and best wishes for its future, and yours.



Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. By George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire. (Harper Collins, Glasgow G4 ONB; E25).

      This volume is one of the outstanding books of the century and a never-ending delight for anyone with a love of Scotland. In all ways it can be said to be splendid and expansive in thought and aspiration. Its List of Sources could keep the most diligent researcher busy for years. Unlike many other books on the clan it tends to eschew the romantic. In its Historical Perspective, lawyer George Way of Plean gives a statement on the Law of the Clan. We read, "There is no clearer symbol of Scottish identity than tartan when worn in the form of a kilt." This statement is followed by a chapter to prove the truth of these words.

      The Editors and Dr Patrick Barden give one of the clearest and most exciting expositions on "Heraldry" to be found anywhere, in the chapter on this subject. Appendix 3 contains a glossary of heraldic terms to back up this chapter.

      Thereafter four hundred enthralling pages follow with the heraldry and stories of a vast number of clans and families of Scotland, including ourselves. As back-up Appendix 4 gives the names of septs and the clans and families to which they pertain. As if this were not all, Appendix 5 gives a guide to tracing one's ancestors and genealogy in Scotland.

      Perhaps, in a future edition, a Gaelic scholar might check up on Gaelic spelling.

      The opening words of this monumental volume can also form an appropriate finale. These are that "There are few subjects more likely to cause spirited debate amongst Scotsmen than that of family history". This is probably based on the erroneous premise that such a book must mean the tale of rich landowners and evictions of crofters last century or histories dwelling only in the past. They will find once they have read this book that in reality the clans and families of Scotland are the roots of the Scots. They will also discover that while the clan chief is the living embodiment of his people, he may not own a square inch of the ancestral lands and may have only a modest share of this world's gear.

      A sumptuous outstanding book is a thing of beauty and a joy for ever, as this one is.













Hugh Macpherson Ad/Back Cover