LIST OF OFFICERS      606
    OUR NEW CHAIRMAN      609
   CLAN RALLY   610
   CLAN HOUSE MUSEUM IN 1973   615
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies, 40p or $1, add 10% for postage
and packing, obtainable from Museum and Clan House, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire, Scotland.
Contributions and all Branch Reports for the 1975 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1974 (See back cover for address).


No. 26


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        THE ANNUAL OF




The Chief

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Senior Chieftain in the Clan
Councillor HUGH MACPHERSON, K.L.J. F.S.A. Scot, J.P.

Officers of the Association

Little Orchard, Rad Lane, Peaslake, Surrey

62 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh EH9 2AD

Hon. Secretary
39 SWANSTON AVENUE, Edinburgh, 10

Interim Treasurer
MRS. EDITH McPHERSON, 62 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh EH9 2AD

Grianach, Spey Street, Kingussie, Inverness-shire

EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore, (Telephone 332)

Editorial Committee
A.C. MACPHERSON, M.A., LL.B (Editor), 2 Banholm Terrace, Edinburgh, 3
JOHN M. BARTON, W.S. (Secretary) and T.A.S. MACPHERSON, A.R.I.C.S. (Advertising)

Correspondence on Association Affairs

For convenience, correspondence writing to any of the foregoing Officers of the Association regarding matters concerning the affairs of the Association may address their letters to them,by their office, to:
Clan Macpherson House and Museum, NEWTONMORE, Inverness-shire


Branch Representatives

Councillor HUGH MACPHERSON, K.L.J., F.S.A. SCOT, J.P.,
2/1 Succoth Court, Edinburgh, 12

EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
Hilton, Inverness
JOHN W. BARTON, W.S. 11 Caiystane Road West,
Edinburgh 10
ENGLAND & WALESHARRY MACPHERSON-SYMONS,O.B.E., Infield, East Lane, East Horseley, Surry.
R.G.M. MACPHERSON, 195 Waldencroft Avenue, Burlington, Ontario
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill


Piper                                        ANGUS MACPHERSON, Achany, Lairg, Sutherland
Hon. Auditor                                        JAMES K. MCMURDO,
8 Featherhall Gr, Corstorphine, Edinburgh



The Council appeals to members to support the Annual by contributing articles of historical, genealogical, or topographical interest, and by forwarding news of themselves and other clanmen, honours, appointments, etc. Photographs, prints, etc., of places or people and 'Letters to the Editor' on matters of Clan interst are also welcome.

All communications should be addressed to the Editor of Creag Dhubh, Archy Macpherson, M.A., LL.B., 31 Comely Bank, Edinburgh EH4 1AJ.

PLEASE NOTE -- In order to meet publications dates for the current year, it is essential that all matters for publication in Creag Dhubh be received not later than 31st December in each year.




      I am again very pleased to be able to send greetings to all members of our Clan Association, and to thank you all for your support.

      Each year has its own flavour and its own special memories. For 1973 1 remember with pleasure the first occasion when the personal banner (given to me by the North American Branch in 1972) was carried at our Rally in Newtonmore.

      Eoin Macpherson was the standard-bearer, and I would like to thank him and also all members of the North American Branch who gave me this banner.

Since I last wrote to you the United States of America and Canadian Branches have adopted separate identity. The USA Branch (under Robert Macpherson) will undoubtedly prosper; and I know that we would all wish that Branch, as those in Canada, New Zealand and all over the world, great success in their activities.

      Lastly, may I personally thank our recently retired Chairman, A. I. S. Macpherson, for his excellent work in his years of office. He and all members of his family have been mainstays of the Association, and we are grateful to him, as indeed we are to all the officers of the Association who do so much to give effect to its constitution, which has as its first object to promotion and fostering of the Clan spirit and the corporate life of the Clan at home and abroad. Good luck to R. W. G. Macpherson, England and Wales Branch, our new Chairman.

      I hope that once again in 1974 we will have increased numbers at our Rally in Badenoch. Do come if you can, and swell the ranks!

Beannachd Leibh


      Our chairman, Ronald William Grant Macpherson T.D., has a long record of public, as well as army service behind him. He was born in London in 1914, when his father, the late Sir Duncan Macpherson, K.C.I.E., I.C.S., M.A., had returned from long service in India. He began his education at a prep. school in Worthing and went on to Edinburgh Academy, leaving there in 1933, when he returned to London to join a well-known firm of chartered accountants. In these days of financial calamity we are fortunate in acquiring a second trained and experienced accountant to work in conjunction with that pillar of the Association, Kenneth, in looking after our affairs.

      In 1933, also, he began a long association with the London Scottish, when he joined first the football club and then the regiment, in which he was commissioned in May 1939. They were embodied in August of that year, and he was seconded to the Gambia regiment of the Royal West African Frontier Force from 1941 to 1944, serving in Gambia, Sierra Leone, Gold Coast and Nigeria. Home again, in 1944 he was posted to the Gordon Highlanders, joining them in Holland in January 1945, they being disembodied in December of the same year.

      In 1952 he became Honorary Secretary and Treasurer of the England and Wales Branch of the Association, making his debut at a Sherry Party at the House of Commons in that year. Since then 'Ronnie', as he is known to everyone, has devoted a great deal of time to the affairs of the Association and became Chairman of the Branch in continuing in the post for the following years.

      He is a keen yachtsman, and his devotion to duty is well shown by his several times giving up sailing engagements on the West Coast to attend Clan Rallies in Badenoch. That devotion to duty and service to the clan is hereditary and travels down the families in parallel lines. Any clansman could have told Mendel quite a lot about what is inherited, perhaps saving him all that trouble with tall and short peas. Ronnie's uncle, C. E. W. Macpherson, was Chairman of the Edinburgh 'Clan Chattan' society of the eighteen-nineties, and my father, Lauchlan Macpherson, was the organising secretary. At 'C.E.W.'s' office in St. Andrew Square the plans were made which culminated in the famous 'Clan Gathering' at Cluny Castle in 1899. (The correspondence regarding this will shortly be sent to the Museum.)

      That is a digression, but it deserves note as one more illustration of that indestructable link and identity with our clan and its chief which we have all inherited and retained through the centuries, and with it the urge to serve both in whatever way we can.

      To resume Ronnie's history. It will be remembered that he took part in the successful Sherlock Holmes operation some years ago, which


secured for us so many Clan documents missing from the Cluny Charter Chest and now in the Clan Museum, including the receipts given to Cluny for the French gold the Prince left with him to be disbursed among the clans. In 1949 he married Betty (nee Houston) who is one of those warm-hearted efficient people, and is perhaps even more popular than her husband. They live in the county of Surrey, near Guildford, where Ronnie is chairman of the Guildford and District Scottish Society, and have one son, Charles, at present studying engineering, and, incidentally, marrying a Scots girl this summer. He has added piping to his other accomplishments, and will be remembered for his playing, in company with our Honorary Piper, Robert Pearson, when the England and Wales Branch held a Mini-Dinner-Dance on the Thames in one of the 'Water Busses' which the first Lord Drumochter helped so much to get established.

      In short, Ronald William Grant Macpherson, T.D., has all the qualifications, both hereditary and environmental, for an excellent Chairman. He is well aware that the Clan is a world-wide institution and needs only organising to be ready for the coming Celtic Revival. On our part, we offer all the help we can give and our best wishes for success.



      Further to the contributed following report on the Clan Macpherson Rally it has been pointed out that, at Newtonmore Highland Games, for the first time, the chief's personal banner headed the march of clansmen, a large number of them from overseas.

      The banner, displaying the personal arms of the chief, was made especially for the occasion of Cluny's visit to the Scottish World Festival held at Toronto last year, and was presented to him on behalf of the members of the North American branch of the Clan Macpherson Association. It was produced by Mr. R. G. M. Macpherson, the Clan herald, and an artist of high repute.

      The banner was borne by Mr. Eoin Macpherson, curator of the Clan Macpherson Museum, Newtonmore.

      The honour of carrying the Green Banner, under which Macphersons never knew defeat, was given to R. G. M. Macpherson, and his son Sandy, also from Burlington, Ontario, was Cluny's sword-bearer.

      At a successful ceilidh held in the Victoria Hall, Kingussie, the following corrections are noted for the benefit of those who attended: In the sketch, "The Charwomen", the performers were Police Sergeant Richard Smith and Mr. Bob Jackman of Kingussie, not P.C. Frazer Beaton, as stated. The piano recital was given by Ian McGillivray of Edinburgh, not Ian McGibbon.



      A dramatic increase in the numbers of young people at this year's Macpherson Clan Rally in Badenoch brought new fresh enthusiasm to the occasion. Duncan Macpherson of Balavil, aged three, was the youngest participant. The increase of youth participating at all functions through the pre-teens, the teenagers, and the twenties was the greatest for years.

           Throughout the evening of the Friday in August, Macphersons and their septs of Gillespies, Cattanachs, Clerks, etc., could be seen converging on the Duke of Gordon Hotel in Kingussie for the reception.

      Welcoming every clansman and clanswoman at the door of the ballroom stood A. I. S. Macpherson, chairman of the Clan Macpherson Association, and Cluny, the Chief of the Clan Macpherson. At Cluny's side welcoming the clansfolk was Lady Cluny.

Grand March
      The chairman, the Chief and Lady Cluny led the company behind the pipers in the Grand March. An eightsome reel followed with a few dances. Friends exchanged greetings and welcomed the newcomers. Macphersons and their septs had come from all parts of the world for the occasion. To mention only a few: Munroe MacPherson from Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA; Mrs. Tom Gibson from Melbourne, Australia; Miss Karen Chalmers, aged nine, from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, gave a delightful exhibition of the Gille Caluim (the Highland Fling) to the assembled company.

      Then the assembled clansfolk were invited into the buffet banquet under the personal supervision of Rose Macpherson (Mrs. Rose Stewart), a direct descendant of Calum Piobaire, the personal piper to Old Cluny of a hundred years ago.

      This buffet banquet to the Clan Macpherson is worthy of any Royal Palace throughout the world and is always regarded as one of the glories of the Duke of Gordon. This year was no exception.

      The ball went on till the wee sma' hours under the twinkling chandeliers.

      Everyone was assembled next morning, Saturday, at the Clan House and Museum at Newtonmore. In the new wing the association chairman addressed those assembled. At his side was Lady Lucy, widow of Tom, the first Lord Macpherson of Drumochter.

      The chairman said that he did not need to remind the older listeners of the enthusiasm and drive which Tom Macpherson as he then was,


put into the creation and development of the Clan Macpherson Association or of his determination that the Association should have a home in Badenoch.

      Tom Macpherson was the chairman and spoke for the Clan Association at the first Rally. He initiated the purchase of the house and many of the early exhibits came from his foresight in the purchase of the Cluny relics. He did not live to see the further development of his idea and the opening of the new museum, but would have approved it as a sign that the Association was reaching manhood.

      Council had decided that one part of the house and museum should be dedicated specially to him. Accordingly he was calling on his widow, Lady Lucy, to unveil a wall tablet carved by his friend, Major J. E. Macpherson, and formally open the Macpherson of Drumochter Room dedicated to her late husband.

      It is hoped that it will become a library and storehouse of the history of the Clan Macpherson Association.

      Rev. Norman McPherson closed the proceedings with a prayer.

Annual General Meeting
      Thereafter the company made its way to Newtonmore Village Hall for the annual general meeting of the Clan Macpherson.

      The chairman, A. I. S. (Archie) Macpherson, welcomed the company and appealed for exhibits for the clan house and museum.

      The North America branch had grown so fast that it was now far too big to be run from a single centre and after some thought the North America branch had been split into a Canadian and a US Branch.

      Hugh Macpherson, in charge of Clan House development, told the meeting that over five thousand visitors had come to see the Museum last year and that more were expected this year. Much of this success was due to the kindness and welcome given them by the curator, Eoin Macpherson and his wife, Phosa.

Honoured       At the election of office-bearers A. I. S. (Archie) demitted office as chairman and received the honour, along with Lady Lucy, of being made an honorary vice-president of the Association.

      On the motion of Gordon, Lord Drumochter, the treasurer, Kenneth McPherson, was installed unanimously as the new vice-chairman of the Association.

      The new chairman, Ronald W. G. Macpherson, was installed amid acclamation.


      At the close of the A.G.M. it was announced that for the foreseeable future the rally would take place the day before, during and the day after the first Saturday of every August.

The Games [and Ceilidh]       In the afternoon the kilted members of the clan assembled at Old Ralia and, preceded by Edinburgh City Police Pipe Band, marched to the Eilan at the opening of the Newtonmore Highland Games.

      The chief of the games presented a charter to Cluny giving him and his clansmen several important legal rights to the games.

      Hugh was the fear-an-tighe at the ceilidh in the evening at the Victoria Hall.

      Ian Frazer piped in with Morag a Dunbheagan and a selection of well-known airs. Pauline McGillivray sang Mary Macpherson's (Mairi Mhor nan Orain) Soraidh leis an aite. She was followed by a song from Alison Saunders and accordion selection by Alisdair Menzies. Jim Mathieson sang A ribhinn og.

      Audrey Stewart sang the old Badenoch song Chi mi'n toman caorrumn cuilinn. Thereafter Evan Cattanach's daughter Lorna danced the sword dance to perfection. Ruth Macpherson Cameron then sang Mo gleannan taobh Loch Liobhain.

      An amusing sketch called 'The Charwomen -- Pansy Petunia and Penelope' was put on by Police Sergeant Richard Smith and P.C. Frazer Beaton.

      Sheena MacPherson followed this with 'Macpherson's Rant' in which all joined in the chorus. Bruce (Sandy the secretary's son) sang 'These are my mountains'. Laura Margaret Macpherson of the Saskatoon Macpherson family, now nursing in Aberdeen, sang Air fal a la lo.

      Evan Cattanach closed the first half with Teann a nall is thoir dhomh h do lamh with the audience joining in the chorus.

Second Half
      The second half of the ceilidh was opened by three pipers of the Laggan school. Thereafter Ian Sharp piped for a 'Lilt Dance' by Lorna Cattanach and Alison Saunders.

      Helen (Sandy the secretary's daughter) sang 'Dance to your Daddy'. Evan Cattanach gave a robost rendering of 'Sound the Pibroch, rise and follow Charlie'. Cluny, the Chief's daughter Anne sang 'Farewell to Fiunary', followed by Helen Gall singing 'Amazing Grace'.




      Thereafter Morag Macpherson of Saskatoon danced the Gille Caluim (Highland Fling) to Ian Frazer's pipes.

      Ruth MacPherson Cameron sang 'Kishmul's Galley', followed by a piano recital by Ian McGillivray and another Gaelic song by Audrey Stewart. Pauline McGillivray was the last singer and Alisdair Menzies concluded with an accordion selection.

      Ronnie, the new chairman, closed the ceilidh with a vote of thanks to the fear-an-tighe and the performers.

      Sunday saw the close of this year's Macpherson Rally with the church service at St. Columba's conducted by Rev. Norman McPherson (whose ancestors came from Laggan). He was assisted by Rev. Dr. Caskie of 'Tartan Pimpernel' fame.

      The rally closed with visits made possible by the proprietors of Glentruim and Cluny respectively. A representative group were also invited to Balavil.



      The Clan House Museum was open between 20 April and 29 September during which period a total of 5,036 visitors passed through the museum an increase of 239 on the attendance last year.

      The recorded addresses of our visitors show that they came from the following countries, with the number for each shown in brackets.

      Scotland and England (4,211); Wales (30); Northern Ireland (37); Isle of Man (8); USA (182); Canada (93); Australia (99); New Zealand (14); Belgium (32); Holland (83); France (51); Italy (4); West Germany (71); Norway (20); Sweden (51); Denmark (6); South Africa (3); Austria (3); Poland (7); Switzerland (6); Yugoslavia (2); Israel (4); Bermuda (4); Fiji (2); Japan (4); West Indies (6); Finland (3).

      Donations received from collection boxes amounted to �6, as against E263 for the previous year, an increase of �. Membership fees from forty-four new members brought in �0, while sales of Clan publications realised �4, a total of �0.

      In all, 290 Macphersons and septs of the Clan visited us, an increase of 136.

      We acknowledge with grateful thanks the interest shown in our Clan Association by Mr. Whitton, manager of the Highlander Motel, Newtonmore, and Mr. Jimmy Young, Kingussie, These gentlemen organised
------------------------------------------------------------------615 -------------------------------------------------------------

two 'Discotheques' in the Motel to raise funds for our Museum, the proceeds amounting to �. In addition, a Free-Gift Draw under the auspices of the Badenoch Branch was held during the Rally, and realised �. These sums have been passed to Mr. Hugh Macpherson, chairman of the Clan House and Museum Appeal Fund.

      Considerable numbers of members and friends assembled at the Museum on Saturday 4 August, the occasion being the official opening of the Macpherson of Drumochter Room, when a warm welcome was extended to Lady Lucy, and Gordon, Lord Macpherson by the chairman, Mr. A. I. S. Macpherson (Archie).       In addressing those assembled the chairman said that he did not need to remind the older listeners of the enthusiasm. and drive which Tom Macpherson as he then was, put into the creation and development of the Clan Macpherson Association, or of his determination that the Association should have a home in Badenoch.

      Tom Macpherson was the chairman, and spoke for the Clan Association at the first Rally. He initiated the purchase of the house and many of the early exhibits came from his foresight in the purchase of the Cluny relics. He did not live to see the further development of his idea, and the opening of the new museum, but would have approved it as a sign that the Association was reaching manhood.

      The Council had decided that one part of the house and museum should be dedicated specially to him. Accordingly he was calling on his widow, Lady Lucy, to unveil a wall tablet (designed by R. G. M. Macpherson (Canada), carved by Major J. E. Macpherson (London), and formally open the Macpherson of Drumochter Room. The room houses an extensive library and serves as a storehouse for Clan archives. The Rev. Norman McPherson (Edinburgh) closed the proceedings with prayer.

      In every respect 1973 has been a record year for the Museum, over 5,000 visitors, increased donations, and many new members, and in particular, we welcome the younger generation.

      In this connection, two families are worthy of mention. Garland McPherson of North Carolina who attended the Rally in 1972 has enrolled as life members his grand-daughter, Meredith, born in July 1973, along with other members of this family.

      Donald S. Grandfield of Los Angeles joined the Association in 1972 and has enrolled his grandfather, Donald Macpherson as a life member, aged 84, and his own son, Donald Brian, born in November 1973.

      We look forward to another successful year.






Recent Additions to Museum
Photographs -- Past Chairmen
      Lord Macpherson of Drumochter (Tom Macpherson)
      Hugh Macpherson

Other Photographs
      Sir Thomas Stewart Macpherson

Personal Banner of Sir John Stewart Macpherson as a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George.

On Loan -- Lady Joan Macpherson 141 Marsham Court, Westminster, London.
      International Rugby Caps (4) belonging to George Philip Stewart Macpherson, (G.P.S.) and Ian Scott Smith. G.P.S. captained the Scottish team in the Scot] and/England International at Murrayfield, Edinburgh, on 21 March 1925; he also played for Oxford against Cambridge, 192211923 /1924, most of his best games being played in partnership with Ian S. Smith. He gained twenty-six caps for Scotland. From G. P. S. Macpherson, The Old Rectory, Aston, Sandford, near Aylesbury Bucks. and Mrs. Ian S. Smith.
      Fishing Reel and Pen-Knife belonging to John Macpherson, Chief Constable of Perthshire Constabulary for twenty-six years (a native of Laggan). The fishing reel is inscribed "Perthshire Fishing Club -- President's Prize, 1902. Won by Mr. John Macpherson". The knife, inscribed "Cluny" was given to Mr. Macpherson by Ewen Macpherson of Cluny, 20th Chief, 'Old Cluny'.

From Mrs. Margaret Scott-Murray, 34 Myrtle Road, Scone, Perth,
      Dirk which belonged to Peter Macpherson who came from the Macphersons of ldrigal of Trotternish, Isle of Skye, whose son Angus and his grandson Malcolm (Calum Piobair) were both pipers to the Chiefs of the Clan.

On loan -- Ronald Macpherson Stewart, Frogston Road, Fairmilehead, Edinburgh (great-great-great-grandson of Peter Macpherson).
      Clan Macpherson Association 'Rally Dinner Menu, 1973' from Mr. A. Hobkirk, Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie.

      Cuff-Links handed down in perpetuity to each successive first son of the descendants of Rufus MacPherson. Rufus, 1840-1917; James Fra, 1867-1944; Walter Rufus, 1894-1966; Donald James, 1925.

On loan -- Donald James MacPherson, 205 Kensington Avenue South, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
      Lithograph, signed by the artist, K. McLeay R.S.A. 1857. The original was executed during one of Queen Victoria's visits to Cluny Castle, and depicts two of Cluny's clansmen in Highland Dress, Lachlan Macpherson


Laggan, Strathearn, Perthshire, and Ewen Macpherson, Dalquoich, Badenoch. The 'Laggan' referred to is situated half-way between Crieff and Comrie in west Perthshire. Lachlan carries a broad sword and 'Old Cluny's' Personal Banner, and Ewen a two-handed sword (Claymore) and Prince Charles Edward Stuart's Silver Targe. The Targe was for many years in Cluny Castle and is now on exhibition in the National Museum of Antiquities, Edinburgh.       The donor -- Mrs. Elizabeth Bremner, (Elizabeth) Macpherson, the writer) of Riverside, Nethy Bridge, is the widow of Ian Macpherson, grandson of the above mentioned Ewen Macpherson.

Dried Flowers -- The Art of Preserving and Arranging, by Nina de Yarburgh-Bateson. (Lady Deramore). Lady Deramore is the elder daughter of the late Alastair Macpherson-Grant of Ballindalloch, Banffshire and a cousin of the present Sir Ewen Macpherson-Grant. From the Author

Clan Journals received:
      Clan Chattan, 1973       Clan Donnachaidh, 1973       Clan MacLeod, 1973       History of Clan McBain STOP PRESS
      Owing to unforseen technical difficulties, review of History of Clan MacGillivray; Harvey Macpherson's Scots Scrapbook and Clan Chattan Journal held over till 1975.       The miniatures illustrated opposite page 635 by Guiseppe Macpherson will be the subject of the story of his life in Creag Dhubh 1975.



No. 20 Baron Strathcarron
      These Arms were first recorded by Sir James Ian Macpherson, Baronet, in the Lyon Register (Vol. 31, p. 68) on 1 October, 1935 and, upon his elevation to the Peerage as Baron Strathcarron of Banchor, they were again matriculated at Lyon Court, with the addition of Supporters, on 5 January, 1937, (Vol. 32, p. 41).

      Baron Strathcarron's Arms are, of course, based on those of the Chief of the Clan, as are all Macpherson Arms, and the shield is "differenced" by the addition of a "fess chequy" (a horizontal bar checkered blue and silver), taken from the Arms of Stewart to indicate the Stewart connection.

      The shield is surmounted by a Baron's coronet and the helmet of a Peer with the Crest (the uppermost part of a coat of arms) sitting thereon. The Crest is described as "a cat-a-mountain sejant guardant having its dexter paw raised proper" and this cat is similar to the Crest of Macpherson of Banchor.

      On a Compartment below the shield are set for Supporters a private soldier of the Cameron Highlanders in field service dress of the period 1916-18 and a Macpherson clansman of the period 1745. The clansman

      [The motto in the Gaelic translates roughly 'With heart and reputation'].


is wearing the Hunting tartan and by this matriculation in Lyon Register the Macpherson Hunting sett has been officially recorded at Lyon Court.

      The present and 2nd Baron Strathcarron is Sir David William Anthony Blyth Macpherson who resides in London.

No. 21 Duncan Kenneth Macpherson
      The late Duncan Park Macpherson, a cadet of the House of Breakachie and sometime Captain of the Clan Macpherson in the United States, matriculated Arms at Lyon Court (Vol. 35, p. 68) on 25 May, 1946.

      The shield of Arms is divided horizontally, gold and blue, with the gold galley, the red hand and dagger and the red crosslet of the Cluny Arms. The shield is "differenced" by the addition of an "orle of seven wolves' heads erased Gules and Argent" (red and silver); the "wolves' heads" are taken from the Arms of Robertson to signify descent from that family. The "Mullett" or star in the upper left corner is a sign of cadency indicating the third son.

      The Crest is "a cat-a-mountain couchant guardant proper", that is, lying down in a crouching posture with his face turned towards the viewer, and this is the only Macpherson cat in this position.

      The motto is identical to that of the Chief but "differenced" by the use of the old spelling of the words "Toutch" and "catt".

      Duncan Park Macpherson was succeeded by his son, Kenneth, the present holder of these Arms who lives in Scotch Plains, N.J., USA.



      At a Highland Ball, one of the most colourful items of evening dress is the tartan sash worn by ladies. An observer will notice that some of the ladies wear sashes on the right shoulder, others on the left shoulder, while some wear it tied around their waist. If you were to ask them why they wear it as they do, you would hear a variety of rules as to what is correct and not all versions would be in agreement with the others.

      Since we have received a number of enquiries as to the correct method of wearing a tartan sash, we thought that our readers would be interested in the illustrations showing the most common methods of wearing them in different circumstances. These three versions are based upon the study of old portraits and traditional practice as well as having the authoritative approval of the late Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon King of Arms. These rules are also accepted by Frank Adam in The Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands as well as by MacKinnon of Dunakin in his book Tartans and Highland Dress.

      No. I Style worn by clanswomen (women of the clan surname by birth or marriage, and wives of clansmen, i.e. clan septs). The "right hand rule" is followed as the sash is worn over the right shoulder across the breast and is secured by a brooch on the right shoulder.
      No. 2 Style worn by lady chiefs, chieftainesses, the wives of clan chiefs and chieftains, and the wives of colonels of Highland regiments. The sash is worn over the left shoulder and secured with a brooch on the left shoulder.
      No. 3 Style worn by ladies who have married out of their clan but who still wish to use their original clan tartan. The sash is worn over the right shoulder and tied in a large bow at the waist on the left.



[An abstract of this will is shown i n CD27 on page 686. To view this abstract, Click Here.
This will take you to that file and then you can scroll down to page 686.}

      The Sliochd Iain was the second and largest of the three major lineages into which the Clann Mhuireach or Macphersons of Badenoch were divided. Its senior family in Badenoch was generally acknowledged to be the Macphersons of Pitmean near Kingussie, and in 1668 this family was represented by Lachlan Macpherson of Pitmean. This man, with Andrew of Cluny, leader of the Sliochd Choinnich and chief of all the Clann Mhuirich, and John of Invereshie, leader of the Sliochd Ghille-iosa, had accompanied Mackintosh on an expedition into Lochaber against the Clan Cameron in September 1665, and it was perhaps as a result of the rigours and fatigues of that campaign that he fell mortally ill in 1668. On 13 October that year he made his will "upon his deathbed in presence of Alex McPherson of Pitchirn, Murdo McPherson of Cluine, Finlay McPherson in Belladmore, Mr. Lauchlan Grant, minister at Kingussie, wreater of the said testament, and many more". The occasion was evidently one of crisis, bringing many of the leading men of the Sliochd Iain together.

      The internal structure of the Sliochd Iain and its practical significance are demonstrated by Pitmean's requests concerning the fate of his young -- and apparently motherless -- family. He nominated Lauchlan McPherson of Invertromie as his executor and appointed him guardian of his only daughter Helen "till she be forisfamiliat", and he asked old Thomas of Invertromie, father of the nominated executor, "to accept of Alister his eldest son and to intertain him till he be major and to hold him at the school till he wreit and read indifferently".

      The Invertromie family was the closest in descent to Pitmean, Thomas being second cousin to Lachlan, and as its representative Thomas would assume the duthchas or right of ancient possession to the farm of Pitmean and the senior position in the Sliochd Iain if the male line of the Pitmeans became extinct. Thus, by the usual Highland custom Thomas of Invertromie became Tutor of Pitmean. He had been a company captain under Lt. Col. Ewan og McPherson of Cluny and the Marquis of Montrose during the Civil War in Scotland in the late 1640s, and with a son old enough in 1668 to assume extended family responsibilities we can assume that he was a rather elderly man, at least in his sixties. Lachlan of Pitmean, with a young family of five, was probably about fifty years of age. Lachlan of Invertromie, the executor, was probably in his thirties, and quite recently married. Four years later, in 1672, when the Highland chiefs were obliged by the Government to produce bonds of relief from their clansmen for their good conduct, Lachlan of Invertromie was active as tutor to young Alister of Pitmean, indicating that old Captain Thomas had died in the interval or was too old to manage his affairs.


      An examination of the accompanying family tree, [shown on page 642] derived from Sir Aeneas Macpherson of Invereshie's manuscript genealogy of 1705, shows how close-knit were the affairs of the Sliochd Iain and its senior representative. Of the witnesses, Alexander of Pitchirn was as closely related to Pitmean as Thomas of Invertromie; Murdo of Cluine was Pitmean's full cousin through his mother and his third cousin by male descent; and Finlay in Beallidmore was both a third cousin by marriage and a member of the oldest -- though illegitimate -- family of the Sliochd Iain. Among the creditors, Donald McBean in Stramasie was the representative of the old cadet family of Strathmashie, while Alister McEan vic Alister vic Comas was Pitmean's nephew by his illegitimate halfbrother John. Finally, although it is not explicit in the will, Lauchlan McComas vic Docie in Pitmean, the entering tenant of the farm in 1669, was in fact Lachlan of Invertromie.

      There were other clansmen present at Pitmean's deathbed who were not of the Sliochd Iain but were relatives through his marriage. Although she is not mentioned in the will, and was presumably dead, Lachlan's wife was Isobel, daughter of Donald mor McPherson of Bellachroan and sister of Dougal of Powrie and John ruadh of Bellachroan. Powrie had been a powerful Covenant supporter under Argyle in the 1640s, and baillie of Badenoch in Cromwell's Commonwealth during he 1650s. He had more recently been Argyle's instrument in persuading Mackintosh to surrender the Old Clanchattan lands of Locharkaig and Glenloy to Cameron of Lochiel by purchase in the expedition of 1665. John ruadh had purchased Bellachroan from his elder brother, and in so doing had become responsible for the family interests in Badenoch. Thus, as the brother-in-law responsible by custom if not by law, he was asked by Pitmean "to accept of his second son Donald and to intertain him so long as the said John pleases". John ruadh of Bellachroan was the founder of the first grammar school in Badenoch, so we may assume that his nephew Donald, like Alister, was adequately educated.

      That these commissions were carried out in some fashion we know from later references to four of the children. Alister of Pitmean was acting for himself in 1689, and he had been married twice when the manuscript genealogy was compiled in 1705: first to a daughter of McQueen of Corrybroch with no issue; and second to Isobel, a daughter of John McPherson of Dalraddy, from whom the later Pitmeans were descended. Helen married John Grant, a son of Lachlan Grant in Nuide. Donald was alive but unmarried in 1705.

      The real tragedy of Pitmean's death fell upon his two younger sons, Murdo and Ewan. He asked his executor to see that "any sum that befalls Murdo his third son and Ewin his fourth son is to be spent and bestowed upon any friend who will intertain them and noways obleidged to pay to them anything except their own good will and pleasure". There is no indication in the will itself that any of the assembled company


undertook to foster these boys. Murdo, in fact, is not recorded in the 1705 genealogy, and we may assume that he suffered the fate of most orphans in earlier times. Ewan, on the other hand, was alive but unmarried in 1705. His survival was possibly due to the fact that he received a quarter of his father's residual estate, while Murdo -- for some unaccounted reason -- only got an eighth.

      Highlanders, of course, lived within a feudal system as well as a clan structure of society. Thus the Marquess of Huntly, Pitmean's feudal superior, appears among the creditors, as does Major Alexander Gordon of Arradoull, the baillie of Badenoch. The biggest creditor, however, was John McPherson of Dalraddy, tutor of Invereshie, of the Sliochd Ghill-iosa. (There seems to have been no direct economic intercourse with the Macphersons of Cluny, or -- significantly -- with Mackintosh.) John McPherson of Invereshie himself appears among the debtors. The principal debtor, however, cannot be identified, although Cluine was his cautioner or guarantor. Of the four subtenants in Pitmean who owed rent, none can be identified as fellow clansmen. If Donald McEan vic Conchie in Pitmean was a brother of Pitmean's servant girl, Marie nein Ean vic Conchy vic Gorrie, then the last of her patronymics indicates that she and her brother were Macdonalds of the Clann Raghnaill of Lochaber, of whom there were many living in Badenoch in community with the Macphersons and the other Badenoch clans. Several of the small creditors were evidently Pitmean's farm servants, some of whom expected to be paid in kind.

      When Pitmean died in November 1668 his debts far exceeded his assets, so much so that his executor was forced to pay off against the family's capital goods and gear, leaving little in the way of patrimony for division among the children and their guardians. Yet a comparison of the ground duty or rent payable to Huntly with the combined rents of the four subtenants seems to indicate that Pitmean retained about four-fifths of the farm under his own management. If this is so, then it must account for the oats crop appearing as the major item of value in the inventory. He evidently ran the farm as an arable unit, which was unusual in such a pastoral country. This impression is reinforced when the lack of sheep and goats is noted; these normally formed the basis of subsistence in the Highland economy in the old days. His stocking of workhorses, breeding mares (Highland garrons), and cows was of fairly modest size for a principal tacksman. It should be noted that the only other crop mentioned was 'bear' (bere), the old four-row barley which was so well adapted to the short growing season, which commanded such a high price (twice that of oats), and which was much in demand locally for whisky-making. Neither hay, potatoes nor rootcrops figured in the economy. Finally, it is noteworthy that the fixed capital in outbuildings and family hearth was insignificant relative to the crops and stock.



      Over a hundred years ago Rowland Hill brought out the penny post -- and thousands said it wouldn't last, they were quite right -- the price has been going up steadily ever since!

      Yet it is never fully appreciated how much the services of the Post Offices are always on offer to bring the language and culture of our forefathers into our own homes.

      English is not our traditional language but Gaelic once one starts to delve into what is available in Gaelic here and now in the twentieth century and obtainable through the post to our home anywhere in the world the more one is amazed.

The living accents of the language are available on tapes either in the Gaelic Made Easy course from Gairm Publications, 20 Waterloo Street, Glasgow G2. They can even send, on request, their catalogue which includes a gramaphone record course called Sath and a cassette course called Blasad Gaidhlig -- a taste of Gaelic.

      Scottish Television, Hope Street, Glasgow, have a pronounciation gramophone record and culture kit for only � l .       If you want to learn Gaelic songs you can get the music, words and songs on tapes from An Comunn Gaidhealach, Abertarff House, Inverness. Their Glasgow Office at 65 West Regent Street, Glasgow G2 will do their best to supply the words of any Gaelic song you like which appears on a gramophone record on request Abertarff House, Inverness. They can also supply a copy of their catalogue and will give any advice requested of them. So there's the recipe, take at least one stamp, a sheet of notepaper and an envelope; adding ink as required, one pops the end-product -- not into the oven but into the most convenient post-box.

Beannachd leibh


      Artists and authors try to mirror life through fictions be it through Art or TV -- through plays or novels. Yet the course of events which began to unfold since last Autumn (1973) would have taxed even a science fiction writer's imagination. However in spite of all these extraordinary events, this year's Issue comes out and we look forward to this year's Rally, once again. Of course it might be said that we are not alone in going through all the events and difficulties since the Autumn -- quite true -- and equally truly we are not alone in the way we inspire other clans by our example. This was brought home to us in a kindly reference to us in this year's Clan MacLeod Magazine from Ruairidh H. MacLeod, Mulag House, Ardvourlie, Isle of Harris, its Editor.


      Other clans have sometimes acknowledged the source of their inspiration -- others not, yet the sincerest form of flattery is imitation. But we cannot rest on our laurels. To keep ahead we must continue to support each other in private and public life. We must support our branches -- and many of us have to confess that we have sometimes neglected our local events. We must make regular pilgrimage to the Rally -- every year, if possible, because this is the family reunion and, in conclusion, we must support our Chief, Cluny, and his delightful lady and family, for God in His infinite mercy has given us after a long delay a Chief in the prime of life well able to inspire us all.


      Tha mi a' smaointeachd gur minig a tha luchd-leughaidh a' Chreag Dhubh gabhail iongantais airson cho lom 's a tha a Gaidhealtachd a nis de an coilltean mora giubhais a tha air aithris a bha uaireigin a comhdacheadh cliathaichean creagach nan cnoc 's nam beann. B'e na coilltean sin uireigin maise na Gaidhealtachd agus (uaill nan) Gaidheil. Agus, mar so, bha fliath mor do ('n Gaidheil) aig gach duthaicb eile nach robh cho fortanach ann an aluinneachd nadurra an sgireachdan fhein.

      Fada, fada, roinh so, bha Righ Lochlairm gu sonraichte (a' sealtuinn) le suil iarrtanach iadachail air coilltean an giubhais na Gaidhealtachd. Bhoidich e gu 'n cuireadh e as doibh. Agus, le sin, thoisich e air meadhairachadh air an doigh arms an comblionadh e so. Thachair gu 'n robh inuime aig cuirt an righ aig an robh cumhdachdan minadurra. Rinn i fhein fholach arm an neul teine, agus thainig i nunn do dh'Alba. Nuair rainig i Gallaibh thoisich i air sgiotach teine air na coilltibh giubhais. Agus cha b'fhad gus an robb na lasraichean ag eirigh gu deargach, feargach gus na neoil.

      Lean Dubh-a-Ghiubhais - oir b'e sin a h-ainm -- air a slighe troimh Ros, agus troimh Chromba, gus an d'rainig i Inbhir-Nis. Bha an sluagh uile air an lionadh le h-eagal mor. Bha fear an seo 's an sud a'losgadh urchair oirre. Ach cha robh iad a'deanamh deifir 'sam bith dith. Mu dheireadh, thainig i gu Baidenach. As a deigh bha na lasraichean a'losgadh, agus roimpe bha an sluagh a' gabhail ruaig.

      Mhionnach fear de na tuathanaich gu 'n cuireadh esan stad oirre. Dhealaich e na laoigh air geummaich, dhealaich e na h-uain bho na caoraich agus, thoisich iad le cheile air meirlich. Cha do thuig Dubh-a-Ghiubhais gu de an straighlich a bha 'n so, agus sheall, i thar an neoil.
      Bha an tuathanach deas. Chuir e se-sgilinn anns a ghunna agus loisg e oirre. Ghrad thuit i marbh 'sa bhad. Agus ris an aite anns an do sgur i sgrios nan coill, abrar 'Cinn-a-Ghiubhaisaich'.


      The Royal Scottish Corporation, incorporated in London by Royal Charters between the years 1665 and 1775, was the owner of a large building at the foot of Fetter Lane, close to Fleet Street, containing, in addition to its office accommodation, several halls and large rooms much used for meetings and dances by the many societies of the Scottish community. Unfortunately for the societies, the Corporation sold its building -- for a matter of two and three quarter million pounds -- and the societies had to look elsewhere for accommodation, especially the Highland Society of London and the Gaelic Society, both of which had kept their books and archives in the building for nearly two hundred years.

      The Gaelic Society handed over its books to London University, there to form the nucleus of a Celtic Department Library, while the Highland Society archives, with which we are more particularly concerned, were, owing to the kindness of Dr. Fraser McLuskey and the Kirk Session of St. Columba's Church of Scotland, Pont Street, allowed to be housed in their building. The large piece of furniture belonging to the Society was in due course removed to Pont Street, and its contents stacked in the room allotted, where the large number of books, cartons, boxes, bundles and files took up considerable floor space. The Hon. Secretary, David Scott, who is a Clerk to the House of Commons, had asked for my help in getting them back to order, and on a date arranged, we lunched at the House -- in fact in the Lord's Pantry, where, according to my host, the Commons are reported, currently, but perhaps not very reliably, to lunch on the crumbs which fall from their Lordship's tables. After that, considerably refreshed by our share of the crumbs, we set to work on our task and, about half-way through, noticed that one of the many brown-paper-wrapped packages, most of which contained tradesmen's receipted bills for many years past, fell from the top of a stack to the floor. In so doing it managed to get rid of its strings and fall open, giving the impression that it was determined somehow to attract our attention. David Scott picked it up and, after glancing at the top documents, handed it over to me saying, "You had better have a look at this. It is about your clan". I did have a look at it, and thus, by chance, came to light one of the best finds of our clan treasures since we started to search for them more than twenty-five years ago.

      Treasures gu leoir -- genealogies of the Cluny and Pitmain families; a list of the seventy-two Macpherson families in eighteenth century Badenoch, voluminous notes for a book on the Origins of the Clan Chattan, other essays and notes on Highland history and Gaelic philology, with numbers of unpublished songs and poems in the two languages, etc. -- almost all the work of one remarkable man, Serjeant


Donald Macpherson of the 75th Regiment, of Laggan and Greece and Pimlico, in each of which places, as will be seen, he earned distinction.

The Sergeant-Poet
      From the evidence given in one of his poems, Donald Macpherson was born in about 1787 in what he calls Lovely Laggan, probably near Crathie Croy or Garvamore or Glen Markie, judging by his many nostalgic songs of those places. He became a shepherd, but by the age of eighteen had decided that, like the deer who had retired to the high hills in disgust, the uninspiring company of the alien sheep was not for him, though if we accept the evidence of still another poem, a faithless fair one may have had something to do with his decision. If so, he soon got over it, as soon after enlisting in the army, on a visit to Caithness, he met a certain Mairi MacAoidh, caileag bhoidneach [beautious lassie], and fell so deeply in love with her that he devoted eleven two-line verses with a three-line chorus to describing her charms and his symptoms. He recovered, however, and devoted the next fourteen years of his life to the army, serving for several years in Greece, where he worked out on the ground the geography of the travels in Homer, while still writing poems and songs of his beloved Badenoch, as this verse of one to Drumainn nam Bo, Drumainn of the Cattle, the great sheilings ground for Laggan, near the Badenoch-Lochaber border.

Gleann greine, gleann eibhinn,  Sunny glen, joyous glen,
Gleannfeurach gu leoirGrassy glen of plenty,
Gleann lusanach lurach,Luscious glen, beautiful glen
Far nach cluinnear guth broin:Where the voice of sadness never enters.
Gur lan-mhealtuinn toil-inntinnFor the receptive mind it is ,
Do gach ni' a ta beo,the height of joy and pleasure;
Do gach beathach 'us duine,For all creation, for every beast and every man,
Bhi' an Drumainn nam Bo.It is a joy to be alive in Drumainn nam Bo.

      And this for what you see at the sheilings:

Na bradain mar churaichean airgeidSalmon in plenty like silvery coracles,
As easg na'm ball-dearg ann gu leoirand red-speckled trout, all dashing about
A glacadh na'n cuileag's an anamoch, and leaping at the evening fly,
Cha chlaoin a's cha chearbach an seol and for the hunter
Bi'n lach air an loch as bi'n sealgair wild duck on the loch ....

      Having attained the rank of sergeant, he returned to civilian life, icon a trifling pension", and started a bookseller's business at 54 Ebury Street, Pimlico, London, close to the present Victoria railway station.

[Continued on page 639]


[The following pages may also be found in Appendix A13 of Glimpses]









      In 1824 he published by subscription his Melodies from the Gaelic and Original Poems with Notes on the Superstitions of the Highlanders, etc., by Donald Macpherson -- late sergeant 75th Regiment. According to the Literary Chronicle of that year, "he has with an honest ambition collected his poems and offered them to the public under the patronage of Major-General Swinton, his former commanding officer, and a goodly list of subscribers, by which it would appear that his private character is highly respectable . . . . he has rendered a real service to literature." According to the Monthly Magazine, Volume LVII, the poems supply "a desideratum in English literature and the songs are enriched by many beautiful allusions to the works of nature".

      Among the two hundred-odd subscribers are Cluny and the following Macphersons -- Col. 88th Regt., Major, Isle of Wight, Col. Evan, Capt., Glasgow, John Esq., do., Mr. Duncan, Callander, Mr. Stirling, Coffee House, E., Lt. & Adjt., 36th Regt., Serjt. Andrew, 75th Regt., Mr. Charles, West Smithfield, and Mr. Angus, Dallanach, N.D.

      The Preface is as revealing of the character of the author as it is of the manners and customs he describes, as will be seen from the following extracts:

            "The Baile or hamlet consisted of from four to twenty families . . . . the young women carried their work to the houses of each others' parents alternately. In those societies oral learning was attained without interrupting the progress of industry . . . . the matrons instructed, one in poetry, one in history, one in genealogy etc . . . . I have spoken in the past tense because within a few years, the manners of my countrymen have suffered a total revolution; very little to the advantage of the present race, who are neither hospitable, so learned, nor so pious as the generation they have succeeded.

            About thirty years ago the work of desolation was making rapid progress . . . . Since that period, the greater part of the Highlands has been converted into a number of large sheep walks, and such of the Gael as possessed the spirit of their ancestors . . . . sought independence on the other side of the Atlantic, carrying with them their prejudices and their virtues."

      One of the songs translated or imitated from the Gaelic is the wellknown Mairi Laghach, 'Lovely Mary', which Dr. Magnus Maclean, in his Literature of the Highlands, mentions as being one of the four best English versions. Another poem to another Mary tells the River Wear that it is quite a pleasant stream, but cannot compare with the River Thames because his Mary was there. She was in fact Mary Stacey from Richmond-on-Thames, whom he married and whose small dowry helped to start the bookselling business.

      Among his other activities in Pimlico we find him a founder member of the London Correspondence Society, writing a preface to the published life of a friend, helping a student friend with his Gaelic studies, and taking part in the affairs of Crown Court Church, obviously a man of wide-ranging and often benevolent interests.




      In 1849, when he was over sixty years of age, he proposed to publish by subscription another book, Poems and Songs in the Gaelic Language. As many of the Gaelic works of the late Lachlan Macpherson, Esq. of Strathmashie as can now be recovered will be annexed, together with English songs adapted to Gaelic melodies.

      Of himself, in the Prospectus, he says, "all that the writer will say is that he has no vanity, that he is now arrived at an age at which the judgement, if ever, must be mature; and that if he thought his poems unworthy of the support of his country, no consideration could induce him to obtrude them on the public attention." In another part of the Prospectus he says, "the Gaelic and Welsh of the present day are the two keys to unlock the stores of our historical antiquities", of which more hereafter.

      He sent a copy of the poems to Cluny, part of whose reply is as follows -- "I have been very remiss in replying to your letter . . . but my reason for delaying it was that I was anxious to shew the poems . . . to those whom I conceived competent to judge of them, and I have now much pleasure in being able to inform you that all those who have read them declare that they are far superior to any of the compositions of the present day and resemble very much those from ancient Bards."

      The poems are in three groups, one in which he celebrates as a poet laureate of Badenoch, or in fact of the Highlands, important events, for example, writing death poems or elegies on the deaths of Duncan of the Kiln, Sir John Sinclair, and the Duke of Montrose. The second group includes the nostalgic songs of his beloved Badenoch such as Taobh Loch Eirachd -- Beside Loch Ericht; Alt a Bhealich -- Bealich Burn; Gleann Shlartobh, Gleann Marcaidh, Smeorach Chlann Chatain -- The Mavis of the Clan, and Slan le Baidaineach. The third group consists of the numerous love songs. In the principal manuscript are eightyfive Gaelic poems and songs, with a small number more in both Gaelic and English on miscellaneous sheets.

The Genealogies
MS I Genealogy of the Family of Macpherson of Cluny -- 16 pages.
      This is Douglas's account as given on pages 485/493 of Glimpses of Church and Social Life by Alexander Macpherson, with one addition. After Duncan of the Kiln he gives "Euan Macpherson, now of Cluny, descended of Gillechattan Mor in a direct male line, and is therefore the undoubted chief and captain of Clan Chattaine -- of age 1829, Captain unattached service 1830, Captain 42nd or Royal Highlanders 1831.

MS2 "A Genealogical Account of the Family of Macpherson of Pitmain, being the second principal family of the Clan Macpherson, and of the branches of that Family etc. " by Gilbert Macpherson, Gent. Argyle. March 1767.
      Copied from a manuscript of Mr. Euan Macpherson (son of Dougal Macpherson, brother to John of Mucoula, mentioned on page 15) by me Donald Macpherson, 54 Upper Ebury Street, Pimlico.


This diagram pertains to the earlier article on Sliochd Iain see pp 624-6. It has nothing to do with The Pimlico Package.


      The MS consists of thirty-six quarto pages: Gilbert was a son of Alexander of Culcherine (Glimpses p. 502) and was bred to the law at Edinburgh. His mother was of the Ardkinglas family; hence the Argyle connection. "John Macpherson, wadsetter of Mucoula, is a cadet of the House of Strathmashie. He married Ann, daughter of John, sister of Florence and the poet.

      The first part is in line with Glimpses pages 493/494, but gives the additional information that John, the progenitor, the second son of the fifth chief, was by his second wife, the daughter of Maclean of Duart, chief of the Clan Maclean.

      It proceeds to give the cadet families, beginning with Inner-Tromie [Invertromie?]. Fearchar was followed by Duncan, then "Thomas, who married Elspet Gordon, daughter of Adam Gordon of Ard-bhroilach, and by her had . . . . and Donald Dubh, who married Betsy Duff and had by her a daughter who married Euan Mac Uilleam Mhicphersain, the father of James Macpherson, the Translator and Collector of Ossian's Poems. Charles, a grandson of Duncan, of Inner-Tromie, was a major in the army and Barrack Master General for Scotland; of his three sons the first and second were captains in the army and the third a surgeon in the service of the Honourable East India Company.

      On page 9 comes Strathmashie on the same lines as Douglas, but with the additional information that, of the two sons of Lachlan the Poet, Alexander died in the East Indies and Henry was killed in America in 1799. To the Macphersons of Pitghouirm, cadets of Clun, is added a note that this family, about 1774, went to Canada. Alexander was drowned and Donald resides in Crane Island, Quibeck.

      On page 12 follow the cadets of Strathmashie, Kinlochlaggan, Druimnuird, Pitourie, Terfodown, and Mucoula.

      On page 16 follows Bialidmore, cadet of Pitmain, and the twelve pages following include the families of Bialidbeg, Sherobeg, Cornach, Cragan in Clune, Inner-na-habhan, Cragcarnail, also the Sliochd Neill Ruaidh and the Clan Mhic Gillemhanntich, the offspring of the Stammerer.

      Page 30 is blank and pages 31 to 35 are devoted to the Genealogy of the House of Breacachy.

The Historical Essays
      As well as attending to his bookselling business, writing songs and poems, and taking part in various social activities, the lively-minded ex-sergeant had other and bigger interests. He was keenly interested in the early history of his country, particularly where it concerns the early Celtic inhabitants and the origins of the clans. He contemplated a two-volume work, the first volume to be on the history of the Celts and the second on the clans, with particular reference to his own Clan Chattan. He wrote to Cluny for help with the second volume -- two copies of letters to Cluny survive. His reply is missing but, as will be seen, he approved the project and supplied the required information.

    &nbs;p MS6. This manuscript contains thirty beautifully written pages on early history. It is tempting to quote large portions, both for their interest and their lively writing, but lack of space limits us to short extracts. Part of the first and many other paragraphs might have been written today.

      "In an age in which works addressed to the passions, and volumes of elegant frivolity, meet with extended patronage, the Antiquary must expect that his labours will, in a great measure, be overlooked . . . This is one of the reasons why the early history of Scotland has, to the present day, remained in a controvertible state. To the disgrace of literature,




national prejudice has hitherto been another and more powerful cause. It is well known that much indecent asperity has been displayed."

      But we very soon plunge into the subject. On page two we are with Agricola in AD 8 1, and the author raises a very modern question when he asks how Tacitus knew the number of casualties suffered by the Caledonians. But it is when we come to Ptolemy, with the errors in his map and his wrong spellings of Romanized Gaelic names, that our Gaelic scholar really gets to grips. On page ten we get down to the main question, "whether the present Highlanders, as well as a great portion of the Lowlanders, are the descendants of the ancient Caledonians. This inquiry is now attempted."

Who Were the Picts?
      Page eleven begins with, "Mr. John Pinkerton, with much learning, with much ingenuity, but with much unjust and acrimonious scurrility, has attempted to show that the people whom Tacitus calls Caledonii were in fact the Picts. If he is right, we are then to conclude that the whole of Scotland north of the Forth and the Clyde was anciently possessed by the Picts. On the other hand Mr. James Macpherson (Ossian James) and Dr. John Macpherson (the first Scottish archaeologist, author of Critical Dissertations on the Origin, Antiquities, Language, Government, Manners, and Religion, of the Antient Caledonians, their Posterity the Picts, and the British and Irish Scots -- by John Macpherson, DD, Minister of Slate, in the Isle of Skye. Dublin. Printed by Boulter Grierson, printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1768, a book commended by the historian Gibbon and feebly criticised by Dr. Johnson) have attempted to prove that the Picts were Gael, but that the Gael of the Lowlands had a different government from those of the Highlands. According to this latter theory the conquest of the Picts by the Scots is more reconcilable to reason than the conquest of the Picts by the Dalriadi, a colony so inconsiderable . . . . that they occupied only a small part of Argyle. . . . Admitting even that they had possession of the whole of the present county, how can it be reconciled to reason that they should be able to subjugate a people, call them Caledonians, Gaels, Picts, or what else you please, that for so many years had set the power of Rome at defiance?" Several pages are now devoted to discussing ancient tribal names and possible modern equivalents. Were the Gadeni the Catani or Catini, the Kerones, the Kemrones, the Damnii, the Duibhne or Duimhnich, and which clans are their present-day descendants?

      On page nineteen there is an old song which alludes to the Gadeni under the appellation of 'Cats'. It mentions also the Duimhne and the Camerons as their confederates against the Romans. "I took down some of the verses from the singing of Ann Macintosh at Gergask in Laggan, Badenoch, in the summer of 1806 . . . . one couplet asserts that Rome


fled before the Confederates. The song begins --

0, Thainig na Cait, thainig iad,   The Cats came, the Cats came,
0, Thainig na Cait, thainig iad The strong swift Cats came
Bhualadh nan Speach thainig iad.To strike hard blows they came.

       MS5. This, the longest, manuscript, more of the nature of preliminary notes, consists of what were apparently at one time 102 pages, but the first sixteen are now missing. It, like MS5 [MS 6?], has no title, but the subject is again the early history of this country, the identification of the tribes, aided by the author's knowledge of old British or Welsh. "It is amusing to see the absurdities our antiquaries fell into for want of sufficient knowledge of the Gaelic language, which, from the names of men, places, etc., it is clear was then the language of South Britain", quoting the case of Baxter translating Lugoterix as 'prince of the river's bank', from Lug -- water; oto -- a bank; and rix -- a prince or general. Whereas the Roman 'x' is the Gaelic 'ch', and the name is from Lu -- swift; and go torach -- in the pursuit. Cengetorix has exactly the same meaning. He goes on, "I must observe that Caesar spells Gaelic infinitely better than Drs. Smith, Stewart or Armstrong, and I am persuaded in many instances as those gentlemen would spell, were they not obliged to yield to the Tyranny of Custom."

       Both MSS are well documented, both with the usual classical references and many somewhat more modern. On page thirty appears the following statement -- "I cannot affirm that the Stewarts are descended from Banquo, thane of Lochaber, for I see no proof of it except assertions, but if they are, they must be descended from the Clan Chattan, for it is certain that the Chiefs of that people were Thanes of Lochaber in the reign of Duncan. Cameron, Chief of his Clan, was married to Marian, daughter of Kenneth, Thane of Lochaber, about 1020. Kenneth was father to Banquo and to Gillechattan Mor who succeeded to the Chieftainship on the death of Banquo . . . . Douglas in his Baronage p. 493 says, "Ferquard, father of Keneth, father of Banch, father of Fleance, all Thanes of Lochaber, and Fleance was father of Walter, Lord High Steward of Scotland . . . . Macbeth fell 5 December 1056. The name may be traced to the Cattani and we then find Gillicattan Mor, the great chief of the Cattani, seated in Lochaber, most likely the son of the Banquo of Boece and Shakespeare". Here follow some pages of comparisons of Hebrew, Greek, and Gaelic words.

Ex-Sergeant Lexicographer
       There remain two important items in the package, numbers 16A and 16 B, the first consisting of twenty-six slips of paper with 1,000 to 1,100 words of Gaelic to English, and the second of forty-seven slips with an estimated 2,500 words in Welsh and Gaelic. At his request, and with the permission of the Highland Society, all the slips were sent to Professor Derick S. Thomson of the Celtic Department of the University of Glasgow, who has had made photo-copies of them all, in connection


with the magnum opus Historical Dictionary of Scottish Gaelic which the Department has in preparation. The Professor is interested also in Donald Macpherson's poems and has made some suggestions regarding the possible publication of at least a selection.

       Regarding the provenance, it appears that Macpherson numbered among his friends, James Logan, author of The Scottish Gael and a Dr. Halley of Harley Street, and of the London Scottish. A letter from Logan to Halley refers to him as "our old friend". Dr. Halley was a member of the Highland Society of London and at one time had borrowed a volume of the poems from the Society, and Logan, from a reference in a letter, had at one time some of them in his possession. Halley also had a volume of the poems which Macpherson had presented to him, and it seems likely that, some time after 1870, the latest date of any of the correspondence, he collected all the MSS and letters referring to them and presented or bequeathed them to the Highland Society. Since then they appear to have remained untouched till last year.



       A most interesting service with strong Macpherson connections was held in the Highland Tolbooth St. John's Parish Church, Edinburgh on 25 November, 1973. A service for St. Andrew's-Tide was conducted by the Rev. Ewen A. Macpherson, MA, the sermon being preached by the Very Reverend Lord MacLeod of Fuinary.

       Invitations were extended to Edinburgh Clan Societies and Highland Associations, together with members of the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem who processed through the church prior to the service.

       The lessons were read by the former Secretary of State, the Rt. Hon. Gordon Campbell and our own Chief, William A. Macpherson of Cluny, who had, with his lady, paid a special visit to Scotland for the occasion.

       Before the service, the Association Secretary, Sandy and his wife Catherine, entertained members of the Association's East of Scotland Branch to a buffet luncheon at their home and enabled them to meet Cluny and his lady before proceeding to the church.

       Both those very pleasant and interesting events combined to make that particular Sunday a most memorable day.


Program for the 1974 Clan Macpherson Rally

Not included


Duke of Gordon Hotel Menu for 1973 Ball

Not included


A trip from Johnstown to Niagara Falls, July 30 -- August 14, 1798

       1 left Johnstown on the thirtieth July 1798. Slept soundly in a barn fine pleasant Country. Presbyterians [ ] are fanatic in [ I Puritanical Germans and Dutch on the Mohak shy reserved, ignorant, but honest. Imprest with some melancholy ideas that crowded upon my heart. The German flats a beautiful plain or rather a level valley watered by the Mohawk and surrounded by hills of a moderate height. Herkimer at the west end of the flats, a straggling village, the capital of the County of the same name. Little falls a wild romantic place somewhat like a highland place. The canal there an inconsiderable work.

       July 31st. Slept at Fort Schuyler a pretty thriving place. There the German settlements end, and west of this place the New England settlements begin. A wide contrast between the settlements of the two nations. The German settlements have a heavy, gloomy appearance like the people. The Yanky settlements [gaily built]. [The Yankes built with neatness] and taste. The country at the head of the Mohawk only new settled but of a very good appearance, composed of extensive plains.

       August 1st. Passed Whitestown a straggling village composed of many excellent houses, has a printing office which is frequently the case in small villages in North America. The Americans read much are in general very well informed in New York state especially in politics.

       Clearing woods a very laborious work. The trees very large, very thick and close to one another. One tree must be cut into several pieces, these pieces must be rolled above one another in order to be burned. Then fences must be made for the cleared land, These fences being of wood must be often repaired by [renewal].

       The fields that produce wheat must be [thrice ploghed] in New York. The farmers there seldom or ever idle. If property were as well divided in Europe as in America the bulk of the Europeans would be happier than the Americans.

       No great variety of singing birds in the American forests, no variety of prospects for a traveller. All gloomy forests enlivened here by smiling & pleasant plantations, The prospect sometimes saddened by the wretchedness and poverty of other plantations.

       It would surprise any [Europeans] to see people from the heart of the forest very far back in the Country dress gaily and elegantly. The American women in general tolerably handsome when young faded and wither away very soon. The Inns through the state of New York very frequent which are convenient for the man of money, but which the poor man will be apt to curse and detest, because they tend to ruin [hospitality].


       Land very improperly and injudiciously disposed of by the state of New York. It was originally sold at a trifle to some men who could immediately advance the money. These land Jobbers sell these land at a high rate to poor industrious men who are made to sweat and sometimes almost to starve in order to pay the land jobber his money and an exorbitant interest for land that would lie waste and yield nothing to the greedy [prospector] without the labour of industrious men. If the state of New York were in want of money (as they were not), policy would not justify them for selling the lands in this manner. For they got but a trifle of money in this manner. Whereas if they would sell lands to none but those that would settle upon them, the poor would procure land at a moderate rate would soon grow rich, would quickly [produce] a numerous posterity and would vastly increase the riches and strength of the state.

       August 2. Met with the master of the sloop that carried me from N. York to Albany above fort Stanwise [Stanwyk]. Came down in a batteau from near fort Stanwise by Wood Creek which runs down to Oneida lake. Poling with a batteau, a tedious laborious work. Great number of batteau men cut off in the last war by the Indians. Slept on the banks of Wood Creek under the canopy of heaven and some trees.

       August 3. Sailed down Oneida Lake which is about 27 miles long 8 miles broad. The banks low. The water foul & dirty, thick. How different the water & banks of Oneida from the beautiful lakes of Europe. Foul water, low gloomy banks, no high promontories, no enchanting eminences, no hanging woods, no grand hills, no magnificient Castles. no elegant villas, no cheerful cities, no hamlets, Low hills which have a pleasant and commanding appearance as the rest of the adjacent is low and level, enliven somewhat the southern banks of Oneida. From Albany to Fort Schuyler 96 miles, from fort Schuyler to Ft. Stanwise 15 miles, from Ft. Stanwise to Oswego 8 miles by water 60 by land. Slept at Stevens at the lower end of Oneida lake.

       Augt 4. Rowed down Oneida river. The Country uninhabited from fort Stanwise to L. Ontario. The Oswego river full of shoals. Slept at binghams 3 Rivers.

       Augt 5. Rowed down Oswego river. There is a fall and carrying place of about a mile on the Oswego river 12 miles above Oswego. Slept at Oswego.

       Augt 6th. Ontario a grand and magnificent lake resembling the sea in expanse of water and stormy waves.

       Augt 7 at Oswego. Oswego garrison remained in the hands of the British after the peace of 1783 till the last treaty. Commands the fur trade that used to be carried on by Ontario L. and Oswego River. Rowed up the southern banks of L. Ontario. The master of the boat sick as at sea. Slept at little Sondes a fine outlet & harbour for boats 15 miles from Oswego, no houses.


       Augt 8th. A great number of Creeks & Coves on the southern end of L. Ontario filled up with sand. Had a very pleasant dream. Dreamed that I embraced and hugged [S.C.] who relavished my Embraces. What a pretty [story]. It was only a dream but what is life but a dream whose pleasures are short and fleeting often disturbed with cares, danger & pain. The banks between L. 0. big Soudis [Sodus] cut & worn away by rains & frost [madjestically) unto strange & fantastic forms. Amazing what sharp and high Cliffs of clay could stand a moment without crumbling down. The banks of L. Ontario low which prevent its having the pleasing, [enchanting] appearances which L. Lomand, Geneva, & Constance have. Not withstanding its superiour, [a] magnificent body of water. Big Soudis a fine and extensive bay on which are built two or three houses which have some clear lands adjoining to them. Big Soudis 30 miles from Geneva & the back settled contries. Land here sells for 5 or 6 dollars per acre. Slept at big soudis.

        Augt 9th. From the conversation of some passengers informed that as much gallantry prevails in N. America as in Britain. Slept alone in the boat at Gerundy gut. While sleeping the boat got out in the Lake nearly 2 miles. Had some difficulty in bringing it back alone to Gerundy.

        Augt 10. Breakfasted at the Genesee River. The people here very sickly with fevers & agues. Saw the humming bird which has a beautiful scarlet neck, head green, small thin wings. Its whole body seemingly covered with a fine green down. A very rainy day. Slept at Genesee river.

       Augt 11th. A very rainy day. Still at the Genesee River. Slept at Sandy Creek. Boatsmen get into harbours every night on L. Ontario.

       Augt 12th. Dined at the oak orchard. Slept at the 18 mile Creek. The S.E. banks of Ontario uninhabited.

       Augt 13th. Passed through Niagara which lies in a beautiful situation where the River Niagara discharges itself into L. Ontario. Niagara has several houses, pretty regular streets are marked out. Slept near the falls of Niagara.

       Augt 14th. Went early to view the falls of Niagara. Grand and Stupendous in the form of a Scimitar, the [front] more crooked and rounded. An Iland divides the River into two falls of which the one on the British side is much greater. The fall causes clouds & drizzling rain to a considerable height. Went to see L. Erie mountains on the east side of it. Give it a grand and a pleasing aspect. A beautiful lake. Now curiosity must end [and] daily bread must be provided for. The falls of Niagara heard in a calm day [19 or 13] miles. Falls beautiful rainbows.



Not included


Material relating to fund appeal not included.



Not included.


       On 29 March, 1974, to Steven and Barbara Reyelts (nee Macpherson), a son, David Lawrence. Grandson to Donald and Jean Macpherson, Saskatoon, Sask.

MACPHERSON -- ANNETTS. On 7 July, 1973, at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Calgary, Alberta. Andrew Gordon, elder son of Commander and Mrs. Robin J. G. Macpherson of Modbury, Devon, to Diane Heather, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ian Annetts of Waipukurau, Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.

SCARLETT -- MacBEAN. At Insh Church, Kincraig, on 22 October, 1973. Meta Humphrey MacBean to James Desmond Scarlett.

MACPHERSON -- FINDLAY. At Hill House, North Queensferry on I June, 1974. Charles Macpherson to Diana Findlay.

      Donald George McPherson. At Dinas Powis, Glamorgan, aged fiftynine. Assistant Under-Secretary of State, Welsh Office since 1969; Assistant Secretary, Inland Revenue, 1950; member of Ceylon Taxation Commission, 1954-55; Secretary, War Damage Commission, 1961-65; Secretary Royal Mint, 1966-67; Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Health, 1967-69.

     Admiral Sir Peter Reid.
      Mrs. J. Macpherson, late of Alexandria, mother of Mrs. Lamont, a Committee member.
      Mr. J. P. Macpherson, late of Fairlight Station, Southland, who was the first Chief of the local branch since its inception in February. 1947
      Mr. Robert S. L. Macpherson, Colinsburgh, Fife.
      Mr. Murray Macpherson, New Zealand.
      Mr. Donald Macpherson, Glasgow.
      Mrs. Millicent Macpherson, Sydney, NSW.
      Sir William G. Gillies, Temple Village, Gorebridge.
      Mr. Reginald Murray Macpherson, Adelaide, S. Australia.
      Mr. Alexander J. Macpherson, Kingussie.
      Mr. D. Stewart Macpherson, Edinburgh.
      Mr. Donald G. Macpherson , B.L., Twyneyn, Glamorgan.
     Mr. Hubert W. Macpherson, Uxbridge, Ontario.
      Mrs. Ethel M. T. Macpherson, Uxbridge, Ontario.


      Mrs. Margaret Cattanach, Newtonmore. Wife of Tom Cattanach of Clan Chattan, Newtonmore, an Association member for many years.



      Our sympathies are extended towards Euan Macpherson of Glentruim on the recent death of his mother at Edinburgh, on 16 April, 1974 -- Elizabeth T. Macpherson of 1 Lauderdale Street, who had been an Association member for many years.      




Badenoch Branch   45
North of Scotland Branch   67
East of Scotland Branch 194
West of Scotland Branch    69
England and Wales Branch 358
Canadian Branch  286
USA Branch  250
New Zealand Branch   85
Europe   12
Asia     3
Africa   23
Australia   56
South America    6


      Bob Kernoban, editor of Life and Work, the magazine of the Church of Scotland, is just back from a visit to Israel as a guest of their government.

      "I am far from sun-burned, however," he said. "The weather was worse than it was at home. Jerusalem was snowbound and in Galilee we just managed to get off the hills before snow came in and blocked the road."

      Of his stay in the kibbutz guest house in the hills beyond Galilee, he said: "It was a cross between a four-star hotel and a Naafi club. Soldiers came down from the line for a rest and were allowed free phone calls to their homes."

      Bob also looked in at the Church's Tabeetha School at Jaffa and met the headmistress, Miss Annie Macpherson, who used to teach at Leith Academy.

Nicolson's Gaelic Proverbs has one entry which always intrigued us:       Mi'm shuidhe air cnocan nan deur Gun chraicionn air meur no air bonn;
      A Righ, 's a Pheadair, 's a Phoil, Is fada an Roimh bho Loch Long"

      (I am sitting on a hillock of tears without skin on finger or foot-sole.
      0 King, 0 Peter and Paul, Rome is far from Loch Long.)

      This deep-felt utterance is ascribed to Muireadhach Albanach, (circa 1180 -- 1220), the first distinguished representative of a great Clan --


Clann Mhuirich, commonly called Macpherson as fie sat down at the head of Loch Long in Argyleshire, on his return from a pilgrimage to Rome, having walked the whole way, save the ferries." No comment. [Probably two different Muireachs -- RM]


Dear Archy,
      Though I have read the last three numbers of Creag Dhubh carefully I have failed to find any reference therein to the McPhersons who reside in this country and I have thus decided to repair that omission. Though we are small in number, and even in this city of Port Elizabeth, the fifth largest city in the Republic, there appear to be only three families, we have, I believe, contributed our share to the amazing growth and prosperity of the country.

      My own parents were Scots who settled here early in the century. My father was from Moulin, a village near Pitlochry, surely one of the most beautiful parts of Scotland, and my mother was from Inverness. Recently my wife and I visited Britain and enjoyed a happy few days at Pitlochry where we traced some cousins and found the cottage where my father was born, and where the family lived until fairly recently. This was a great thrill. We also visited the Museum at Newtonmore and joined the Association. It is our intention to make another trip fairly soon and to arrange this so that we will be able to attend the annual Clan Macpherson Rally.

      In my capacity as Town Clerk of this city, I recently met and entertained the Right Honourable Lord Drumalbyn, P.C., who was visiting South Africa to promote trade relations between our two countries. I was delighted to meet such a prominent MacPherson and we had a most interesting discussion at a luncheon arranged in his honour,

      Port Elizabeth is an industrial and harbour city but has strong historical ties with Britain for it was here that the four thousand 1820 settlers, which included several Scots families, arrived in twenty-one small ships in June, 1820. The intrepid settlers did much to develop this part of the country and many of their descendants still reside here and in the surrounding districts. The city was named by Sir Rufane Donkin, Acting Governor-General of the Cape after his wife, Elizabeth, who had died shortly before in India. In addition to naming the city after his late wife, Sir Rufane erected a memorial in her honour which still stands today with the inscription as being in honour of "one of the most perfect of human beings".

      I trust you will have found the aforegoing of interest and that you will be able to publish this letter in the 1974 issue of Creag Dhubh.

Yours sincerely

1 Mortimer Road
Mill Park
Port Elizabeth
Republic of South Africa

Dear Archie,
      This is the diary that I told you about at Clan Gathering this summer. You said you might like to use it in 1974 Creag Dhubh. Added to Diary he married a girt in Rochdale, N.Y. area and had five children. His wife and some of his children came to Michigan after his death.

      Because we had no family or parish records it was impossible for us to trace his birth record. We do have records and they confirm at St. Andrews that he spent nine years there as a student before coming to the United States.




      I was wondering if anyone would have records of Patrick MacPherson (he changed his name to Peter when he was a student at St. Andrews) in family records that would help us. He was born in 1770 -- Patrick MacPherson.

      Could you put this question along with the Diary. If you do so -- if anyone has any information we certainly would like it. Thanks.

Mrs. Duane Patrick
(nee Jenett MacPherson)
Saranac, Mich., USA


      A new member to the Association, Bruce Macpherson of New South Wales, Australia, appeals for assistance in researching into his ancestry. His great-grandfather, Duncan Macpherson, was born near Inverness and came out to Australia about 1830. Bruce has got a lot of relations in Australia, but finds difficulty in tracing his Scottish origins.

      Anybody with useful information should get in touch with:

Wilvil, Baeraim, N.S.W.
2333, Australia