------------------------------------------------------------------00----------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------00----------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------0----------------------------------------------------------------

                                           

CONTENTS
                                           
   LIST OF OFFICERS      334
    THE LATE CLUNY      336
    SALUTE TO THE CHAIRMAN      337
   LET'S SPEAK GAELIC (VI)  339
   CREAG DHUBH  342
   MACPHERSON'S DISPOSABLE SHIPS   342
   THE CLAN MUSEUM 1969  343
   CLANSMAN OF THE YEAR   346
   MACPHERSON'S FAREWELL  347
   MACPHERSONS OF SKYE  348
   FORFEITED ESTATE PAPERS  349
   PROFESSOR POKORNY  353
   ROSE COTTAGE  355
   HIGHLAND SALE OF WORK  357
   SLIOCHD IAIN -- THE MACPHERSONS OF PITMAIN (PART 5)   358
   BISHOP OF ARGYLL  364
   THE CLAN ARMORIAL  365
   MESSAGE FROM CLUNY   367
   BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE  368
   "CLAN CHATTAN"  368
   CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION (EDINBURGH)   369
   LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN   370
   SECRETARY'S WEDDING   371
   JULIUS POKORNY   372
  THE 1969 RALLY   374
   CLAN MACPHERSON RALLEY [OF 1970]   376
   REPORTS FROM THE BRANCHES  379
   OBITUARY  382
   CLAN HOUSE AND MUSEUM APPEAL  384
   LETTERS TO THE EDITOR  386
   EMIGRANTS FROM SCOTLAND TO AMERICA  393
   INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT 1964   397
                                                                                   
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies. 7/6
                                                                                   
Contributions and all Branch Reports for the 1971 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1970.
                                                                                   
--------------------------------------------------------------------0----------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------333---------------------------------------------------------------

                                               

CREAG DHUBH
1970
                  
No. 22

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        THE ANNUAL OF
THE CLAN MACPHERSON
ASSOCIATION

------------------------------------------------------------------333---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------334--------------------------------------------------------------

CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION

_____________________

The Chief
WILLIAM ALAN MACPHERSON OF CLUNY AND BLAIRGOWRIE

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L.
Senior Chieftain in the Clan
The Right Hon. LORD DRUMALBYN, P.C.
Bailie HUGH MACPHERSON, O.L.J. F.S.A. Scot
LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER, J.P.
LADY HELEN STEWART MACPHERSON, K.i.H., M.A.
A. FRASER MACPHERSON, W.S..
Major J. E. MACPHERSON
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON
Mrs A.K. MACPHERSON OF GLENTRUIM
LLOYD C. MACPHERSON, B.SC, M.S., in ED

Officers of the Association

Chairman
A.I.S. MACPHERSON, CH.M., F.R.C.S., F.R.S.E.

Vice-Chairman
Sir JOHN STEWART MACPHERSON

Hon. Secretary
JOHN M. BARTON, M.A., LL.B
11 Caiystone Road West, Edinburgh, 10

Hon. Treasurer
KENNETH N. MCPHERSON, C.A.,
62 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh 9.

Registrar
Miss CHRISTINE MACPHERSON, M.A.,
West High Street, Kingussie

Editorial Committee
A.C. MACPHERSON, M.A., LL.B (Editor), 2 Banholm Terrace, Edinburgh, 3
JOHN M. BARTON, W.S. (Secretary) and T.A.S. MACPHERSON, A.R.I.C.S. (Advertising)
Correspondence on Association Affairs

For convenience, correspondence writing to any of the foregoing Officers of the Association regarding matters concerning the affairs of the Association may address their letters to them,by their office, to:
Clan Macpherson House and Museum, NEWTONMORE, Inverness-shire

------------------------------------------------------------------334-----------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------335-----------------------------------------------------------

                       
Branch Representatives
                       

BADENOCHEVAN CATTANACH, Craig Dhu, Tomachat, Glenrinnes
Dufftown, Banffshire
EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
NORTH OF SCOTLAND ALASTAIR W. MACPHERSON, The Park, Lhanbryde, Morayshire
Miss ANNE MACPHERSON, 94 Church Street, Inverness
EAST OF SCOTLANDT.A.S. MACPHERSON, A.R.I.C.S., 39 Swanston
Avenue, Edinburgh, 13
Major HUGH MACPHERSON, c/o 30 Belford Avenue, Edinburgh, 4.
WEST OF SCOTLAND JOHN MACPHERSON, Middleton Farm, Neilston
ENGLAND & WALESR. T.S. MACPHERSON,M.C., T.D., 4 Somers Crescent London W2
W.A. MACPHERSON,2 Garden Court, Temple, London, E.C.4
NORTH AMERICAThe Hon. Mr. Justice A. ALEX. CATTANACH,
R.G.M. MACPHERSON, 195 Waldencroft Avenue, Burlington, Ontario
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill

_______________

Curator. EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
Senior PiperANGUS MACPHERSON, Inveran, Sutherland
Hon. AuditorJAMES K. MCMURDO,
8 Featherhall Gr, Corstorphine, Edinburgh

_______________

CONTRIBUTIONS

The Council appeals to members to support the Annual by contributing articles of historical, genealogical, or topographical interest, and by forwarding news of themselves and other clanmen, honours, appointments, etc. Photographs, prints, etc., of places or people and 'Letters to the Editor' on matters of Clan interst are also welcome.

All communications should be addressed to the Editor of Creag Dhubh, Archy Macpherson, M.A., LL.B., 2 Bangholm Terrace, Edinburgh,3.

PLEASE NOTE -- In order to meet publications dates for the current year, it is essential that all matters for publication in Creag Dhubh be received not later than 1st December in each year.

------------------------------------------------------------------335---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------336---------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------336---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------337--------------------------------------------------------------

SALUTE TO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE CLAN ASSOCIATON

      ARCHIBALD IAN STEWART MACPHERSON was born on 10th August, 1913, quite deliberately in Newtonmore, for his mother had come home from India for that purpose, as if to make sure that he would indisputably be a Highlander, as he indisputably is. He was called Archibald after his maternal grandfather, the Rev. Dr. A. B. Cameron, and Ian after his father's brother, at that time a rising M.P. and later Lord Strathcarron. His mother took him back to India, leaving the first four of the family behind, but brought him home again, despite the U-boats, in the Spring of 1916.

      Like his elder brothers, he went to the Edinburgh Academy and followed them, G.P.S. and N.M.S., to Fettes. He distinguished himself at Fettes by nearly getting into the first fifteen at the age of fifteen and in the same year by not only winning his first eleven colours at cricket, but by taking more wickets in one season than any other Fettesian in living memory, which he did by guileful slow bowling, known in the family as "tweakers". In his last year he was head of his house and represented the School with distinction at rugger, cricket, hockey and fives.

      He had originally been destined for Oxford University, where no doubt he would have continued his classical studies. Halfway through his last term at school he decided to "go in for medicine". After quite literally two or three weeks' intensive study of science and mathematics, he managed to delude the Edinburgh University examiners into believing that he had an adequate grounding in these subjects, and began his brilliant career there in October, 1931, when just eighteen.

      He captained the rugby, cricket and fencing teams and gained a half-blue for hockey while "crocked" for rugby. He also represented Edinburgh against Glasgow three times at rugby and played cricket for Scotland. And by dint of diligent study between times, he once again succeeded in deluding his examiners and graduated M.B., Ch.B. in 1936.

      The strong fingers and steady nerve that won him an international cap at cricket were now to be applied to the best possible use in medicine. He turned to surgery. In 1940 he became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and in the same year won the Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize.

      As a resident gynaecologist, his services were not required by His Majesty when war broke out, and a ski-ing accident in the Highlands further delayed his entry into the R.A.M.C. He won the Crichton Research Scholarship in 1940 and held it until his call-up in 1942. He served in North Africa and Italy and was commanding a Surgical Division in Austria as a Lieut.-Colonel when his military service ended -- no longer a specialist in gynaecology.

------------------------------------------------------------------337---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------338--------------------------------------------------------------

      After demobilisation he decided to seek experience further afield and was elected to a Rockefeller Foundation Research Scholarship in 1948 at Columbia University in New York.

      In 1949 he returned to Edinburgh and has remained there ever since, dividing his time between operating, research and teaching. He became Master of Surgery (Ch.M.) in 1953 and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1961. He is now Consultant Surgeon at the Royal Infirmary, the Royal Edinburgh Hospital and was at Leith Hospital, and is also Senior Lecturer in Surgery at the University of Edinburgh. He is an author of many papers on surgical subjects and is much in demand for lectures to distinguished medical bodies in various parts of the world.

      One of the great advantages of Edinburgh is that it is possible to find time for physical recreation in a busy professional fife. Although less regularly than before, Archie still plays cricket for the Edinburgh Academicals and the Grange; indeed until very recently he maintained his record of scoring at least one century a year. At Bruntsfield and, Muirfield: he still shows himself to be no, mean golfer.

       Whenever possible, he loves to return to the Highlands to fish or to stalk or to watch birds for he is an authority on the birds and beasts of the North. And he brings with him his bagpipes, which he plays, with a characteristic combination of rhythm and accuracy. In his reading he likes to study Highland history and culture. In the course of his 56 years he has gathered an enormous circle of friends in many lands, but above all in. Scotland; and not only through his professional and athletic activities but through the service which he finds time to give apart from them. From, 1954 to 1965. he was Hon. Secretary of the University of Edinburgh Graduates' Association and is now Honorary Vice-President. He is Hon. Secretary of the Royal Infirmary Medical and Dental Staff Committee, a past Chairman of the Edinburgh Branch of the Clan Macpherson Association and was Chairman of our Clan Chattan Association in Edinburgh until 1963 and is now Chairman of the Clan Macpherson Association.

      Efforts have been made to tempt Archie away from Edinburgh, but so far in vain. His heart is in Scotland. Early in his career he went to a London hospital for experience; but London did not attract him, although the cricket pitches were smoother and the rewards of success greater. It is fortunate for Scotland, that so many able people still recognise that life can be fuller and happier in the Northern Kingdom.

      Archie wears his many distinctions with a quiet modesty which conceals the authority with which he disciplines himself as well as others. He enjoys good company, good fellowship and good cheer. Whether he is operating, organising a ward, chairing a meeting, fixing a fly for himself or another less adept, or mending something at home hetakes infinite trouble and shows exemplary efficiency.

------------------------------------------------------------------338---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------339--------------------------------------------------------------

      It is said that behind every successful man there is a woman. In Archie's case it is his mother, who at the age of ninety five still looks after him; and he looks after her.

________________________

LET'S LEARN GAELIC (VI)
by ARCHY MACPHERSON, M.A., LL.B.
      Ever thought of a Gaelic teach-in? To many of us the solitary learning of the language is a near impossibility. The answer to this is, of course, to attend a Gaelic day or evening class. But again no Gaelic class may exist for miles around, and one has written Abertarff House, Inverness and found that they know of no class nor any Gaelic speaker willing to tutor or teach the language.

      What then? The answer seems to be a Gaelic, teach-in. The minimum number is two persons, as to the maximum, the sky's the limit. The next step is to buy or borrow the set of the Gaelic grarnophone records referred to in this column in Creag Dhubh 1969.

      If the obtaining of the records is impossible the next step would be to buy a tape recorder, 3-1/2 inches per second seems to be a popular speed, though 1-7/8 inches per second is almost as acceptable a speed.The purchase of the first few of the Blackie readers and a few of the An Comunn coloured readers is next desirable with a good grammar, say Reid's Grammar, and write An Comunn Gaidealach, Abertarff House, Inverness; Gairm Publications, 227 Bath Street, Glasgow, C.2 and the Editorial Officer, Gaelic Books Council Department of Celtic, University of Glasgow, W.2. for, advice on textbooks and also if they would be so kind as to accept blank tape spools and read passages from the reading books or the Gaelic in Reid's or any other grammar book. A re-reading of 1969 and 1968 Creag Dhubh might give more help, and, if the group is religiously homogeneous your local clergyman might be able to arrange through the Church's headquarters, for religious readings and praise on tapes which can be followed from the Gaelic Bible etc. The "Radio Times" will give details of services which can be taped. If a book-list of Gaelic books is required it might still be possible to get one from the Secretary, The Council for Research in Education, 46 Moray Place, Edinburgh, 3.

      All set? Settled on meeting place? Perhaps a kindly education authority might rent a classroom. From experience of ten, years of teaching the language in evening schools we suggest twenty or thirty lessons a year on one particular evening. Dividing the two hours each evening into three parts ensures a good amount of variety. In the first third there could be a great deal of reading round the class going over again and again the first four pages of Reid's Grammar which deals

------------------------------------------------------------------339---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------340--------------------------------------------------------------

with the laws (or most of them) in reading Gaelic aloud. We have indicated the addresses to get reading material with a great preference to Blackie's Gaelic Readers (there are six in all) and the delightful coloured readers from Abertarff House, Inverness, but there is a great variety of possible material -- some have even suggested some reading from the bi-lingual New Testament in supplement. In this first third it might be a good idea to distribute the words of the song or songs to be sung in the last third of the evening perhaps on duplicated sheets or written up on the black-board. By reading round the class the words of a song will help singing later on.

      Then the middle third -- the class teacher or leading light will have to do quite some homework so that the application of the grammar can be understood and some practice in the grammar can be undertaken over and above the sentences and exercises in the selected Grammar Book or in the newspaper Struth. For example, in the irregular verbs, rather than woodenly learning them in tables actually practising them like asking Am faca tu sin? (did you see that?); Chunnaic (yes) or Chan fhaca (no). We have hinted at singing out the last third of the evening. An Comunn Gaidhealach either at Abertarff House, Inverness or at 65 West Regent Street, Glasgow, C.2 can advise on songs and words if there be anyone able to play a musical instrument or teach singing. If not, one can use Gaelic gramophone records and the Glasgow office of An Comunn are often able to provide the words to your records on request. If you wish to show your love of the language, Abertarff House, Inverness can let you have information on the cruinne if you write to them, this is a restrained circular badge with bar worn on the lapel. If a lover of Gaelic without having learned much a blue cruinne would be appropriate. If you have some competency a silver cruinne and if you can carry on a fluent conversation you may be accorded a gold one!

      Would you like to come into our library and share our company as this year's Gaelic forum draws to a close? There is something gentle in reading. They say a library is a great host of men's (and women's) souls each clothed in his own binding. They may be bought, or borrowed through your local library.

      A whole handful of pamphlets in English on all sorts of Gaelic subjects from Abertarff House lie at our side as we write. The Highland Homes has a rather sad wistful entry of the past -- and who can tell hopeful of the fature:

"Cluny Castle, Newtonmore (Castle of) Chief of Macpherson (on road) A.86".
      We enjoy the racy Gaelic of Donald Lamont, put out by the Scottish Gaelic Texts Society and edited by this year's Moderator of the General Assembly -- Rev. T. M. Murchison.

------------------------------------------------------------------340---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------341--------------------------------------------------------------

      We pick up Gaelic Folksongs put out by the Linguaphone Institute and note that the greatest contributor Ruairidh Iain Bhain was "discovered" by the late Mr. John MacPherson of Barra known far and wide as "The Coddy". ALBA a Scottish miscellany in English and Gaelic put out in 1948 which some say was the inspiration for the quarterly "Gairm" is to hand and we notice that Iain Mac-a'Phearsain has a story in it called "A' mhaighdeann-mhara" (the Mermaid).

      We have also enjoyed the four volumes of Popular Tales of the West Highlands by F. J. Campbell (Iain Og Ile), one of the richest most entrancing collections of sheer joyous reading that can be got anywhere where one feels oneself in the presence of one's Macpherson ancestors as these are the very tales that he told at the ceilidhs round the peat fires in their homes in Badenoch. And, if that is not good enough almost the whole of the fourth volume discussed Macpherson himself and Ossain!

      Finally this year, we must bid each other beannachd leibh till, by God's Grace, we meet again at the Rally or next year in these columns, a few fragments from a delightful book that has been cheering our few leisure moments.

      That is The Poems of Alexander MacDonald (Alasdair Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair) edited by, the Revs. A. and A. MacDonald in 1924. In our opinion the greatest poet that Scotland ever produced.

      In his "Song of the Clans" he tells us:

"Gu tairbheartach, glan, caismeachdach,       "In well filled ranks, with shouts of war,
Fior thartarach 's an rang,       The Clan Vurich loudly treads,
Thig Cluanaidh le chuid Phearsanach,*       Led on by Cluny's might,
Gu cuanta, gleusta grad-bheirteach,       Trim, skilful, keen and bright,
Le spainteachean teann-bheirtichte,       With claymores girded tight,
'S cruaidh fead ri sgailceadh cheann:       That swish in smiting heads,
Bi fail 'ga dortadh, smuais 'ga spealtadh,       Blood flowing fast while bones are smashed
Le spealpaireachd an lann."       As quick as they ply their blades."
__________

* Ewen Macpherson of Cluny joined from the Black Watch, with a following of 600 after the Battle of Prestonpans. The Macphersons were not at Culloden. They tarried too long over their BROCHAN [porridge] on the way, and missed the battle).

------------------------------------------------------------------341---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------342--------------------------------------------------------------

      How Cluny with his band of brave Macphersons will come in the 1745 Rising... and in his "toast to Charles" he recounts how Fair Ewan from Cluny will conduct himself so courageously.

      It is just the same bravery and determination of that band of our fellow clansmen and women who are learning and cultivating the Gaelic language and songs, of our ancestors, that are fighting and winning on the modem battlefront of the mind. They are adding to the intellectual and cultural stature of the clan. One and all we look forward to seeing you again at the Rally or in the 1971 Creag Dhubh. Chi sinn am Baideanach sibh aig cruinneachadh Clann-a-Phearsain!

_____________________

CRAIG DHUBH CLAN CHATTAN
Rising to meet the kisses of the sky,
The Ages grey upon its rugged face,
    That brave old pillar of a brave old race
          Stands out as from a mist of days gone by,
   A sculptured echo of their Battle Cry;
                       Pink-bushed with careless wreath of heather bells
               And bright with brimming eyes of fairy wells
       That burst in silver tears o'er ledges high
           For heroes gone! For battles lost and won!
                    For hearts no golden bribes could tempt or turn
                          Against their Chief who served fair Scotland's Son,
         E'en after sorrow-mourned Culloden's urn
                          Stand fast, Craig Dhubh! The olden days are done,
  But in their memory we live and learn!
from Chambers Journal

J.E.B.M.
(eldest daughter of Alexander Macpherson,
F.S.A.SCOT of Kingussie)

________________________

"MACPHERSON'S DISPOSABLE SHIPS"
researched by J. E. MACPHERSON
The following is extracted from The Inventors. Great Ideas in Canadian Enterprise.
by J. J. BROWN 1967
      Canada's claim to shipbuilding fame rests on the surprising, not to say fantastic, idea of the disposable ship. In the early 1820's the British government put a timber tax on oak and squared pine. This was a basic "port of Lower Canada, and the tax immediately crippled a thriving trade, In 1824 a man named

------------------------------------------------------------------342---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------343--------------------------------------------------------------

Macpherson came up with the idea that a ship could be built entirely of squared timbers temporarily pegged together, sailed across the ocean, and then dismantled in Britain. This would effectively get around the British timber tax . . .

      Accordingly, towards the middle of 1824 the Columbus slid down the ways at Quebec City. She was a huge timber drogher, displacing 3,690 tons.

      Although she couldn't have been easy to handle, the ship made the voyage to England safely. Then for some reason she was not broken up as planned. She made a return trip to Quebec City and then turned round and once more headed for the United Kingdom. On her second voyage she ran into a storm and was lost with all hands.

      In the meantime a second timber drogher of the disposable type was built. She was 304 feet long and displaced the enormous total of 5,294 tons, the largest in the world until the building of the Great Republic a generation later. She made a successful voyage to England and was there broken up for the timber. Soon after that the British tax laws were changed again and the idea languished.

__________________

CLAN HOUSE MUSEUM IN 1969
by THE CURATOR

      In 1969 the Clan House Museum was officially open between 4th April and 30th September. During that period 3,711 visitors signed the attendance book which is an increase of 206 in last year's record attendance of 3,505.

      The recorded addresses of our visitors show that they came from the following countries, with the number for each shown in brackets.

      Scotland and England (3,259), Ireland (21), Isle of Man (4), U.S.A. (156), Canada (100), Australia (30), New Zealand (10), France (30), Norway and Sweden (37), Rhodesia (2), South Africa (6), Switzerland (5), Austria (4), Holland (14), Belgium (3), Italy (7), West Germany (13), Malaysia (4), Israel (2), Greece (2), Yugoslavia (2).

      Amongst the visitors, 144 claimed Macpherson kinship and 42 of those who were not already members of the Association, were pleased to join. 61 Application Forms were issued for enrolment of enquirers' families.

      The Museum still continues to receive world wide publicity and the interest shown through our acquisition of parts of the Banff Town Clock (James Macpherson) makes this year no exception.

------------------------------------------------------------------343---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------344--------------------------------------------------------------

      Mrs. Rosemary Linnell of the New College of Speech and Drama, London is writing a script for a musical based on the life of James Macpherson. This will, in due course, be presented at the Edinburgh Festival, 1970, and opens during the first week in the Royal Arch Halls, Queen Street, Mrs. Linnel and her students have appeared at the Festival for the past three years in which they have performed "The Relapse", then "Mary Stuart" by Schiller, and last year, "James IV" by Robert Green.

      Mrs. Linnell has kindly agreed to give us publicity in the programme, and also by a display in the Foyer. In due course, a poster will be arriving riving at the Museum.       We congratulate Mrs. Linnell on her previous productions, and in view of the publicity we will obtain through her choice of script for 1970, it is hoped that as many members as possible will visit the Royal Arch Halls.

      Among visitors to the, museum this year was a Macpherson famous in the musical world, William L. Macpherson, who wrote the Eurovision Song Contest songs "'Puppet on' a String" which came first and "Congratulations" was awarded second place the following year. It is interesting to note that one of his ancestors was a noted Skye Bard. It is hoped that Bill and his brother Ian will become members. Bill writes under the pen name of "Bill Martin".

      Another interesting visitor from North Berwick recorded in the remarks column of the attendance book "Cluny Macpherson saved the life of my uncle Neil McLeod, Indian Mutiny". This incident would appear to refer to Captain Duncan Macpherson of the Black Watch, or Lieutenant Ewen Macpherson of the 93rd Highlanders (Sons of "'Old Cluny"), who were both serving officers during the Indian Mutiny. Each in turn succeeded as Chief of the Clan.

Recent Additions
      The undernoted additions to the Clan Macpherson collection in the Museum are gratefully acknowledged.
Account of the Golden Wedding of Cluny Macpherson , C.B., and Mrs. Macpherson, 20th December, 1882. (From Thomas J. Macpherson, 57 Kingsmill Road, lnverness).

An Old Highland Parish Register. Survival of Clanship and Social Change in Laggan, Inverness-shire. 1775-1854. Part II. (Presented by the author, Professor Alan G. Macpherson, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada).

Volumes 1 and 6 of The Ancient History of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, etc., etc., by C. Rollin, Late Principal of the University of Paris, dated 3, September 1729, inscribed on outside cover. Dun. Macpherson 1819 . (From Hamish Macpherson, Craigphadrig, Kingussie).

------------------------------------------------------------------344---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------345--------------------------------------------------------------

A Memorial of 1843. With a Historical Sketch of the Free Church of Scotland from 1843 down to the present time, dated 1881. (From Mr. and Mrs. Brown, Hillcrest, Lossiemouth).

Fort McPherson - - Unofficial Directory and Guide. (From Lieutenant General John L. Throckmorton, Commanding General, Third United States Army).

Inventory and Valuation of Household Furniture and Plenishing as found in Cluny Castle, Catlodge, and Ralia.
Inventory and Valuation of Historical Relics, etc., as found in Cluny Castle.
Particulars of Sale of Cluny Estates. Cluny, Ralia and Catlodge.
Catalogue of Sale of Historical Relics, 'Pictures, Weapons, etc., removed from Cluny, Castle to Wylie& Lochead Ltd., Glasgow.
Catalogue of collection of Stuart Relics removed from Cluny Castle to Sotheby & Co., London. (All the above from Captain P. Lindsay, Cluny Castle).

Copy Inventory and Valuation of Household Furniture, etc., Cluny Castle, Catlodge and Ralia. (From John M. Barton, Honorary Secretary);

Silver Mounted Cane inscribed A New Year's Gift ' presented to Major Donald McPherson, by his son, Charles, January; - 1877. (From Hugh Cameron Macpherson, Perdue, Sask).

Clan Armorial -- Two Shields (Painted on Wood) 8" x 101' . Lt. Col. A. K. Macpherson of Pitmain and Lloyd C. Macpherson. (Painted and presented by R. G. M. Matpherson, Ontario, Canada).

Parts of the Works of Banff Town Clock -- James Macpherson. (From Dufftown Town Council, Banffshire)

. Framed- Engraving-Colonel Ewen Henry Davidson Macpherson of Chiny -- 22nd Chief. (From Mr. and Mrs. Haywood, Glenbanchor, Newtonmore).

Bible and Two Books of Common Prayer. Two Bound Volumes of Music (From Fran Ilse Teufel Benager, Teufelsfarm, 7031 Deoffingen, Germany).

------------------------------------------------------------------345---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------346--------------------------------------------------------------

CLANSMAN OF THE YEAR
ANGUS MACPHERSON, M.B.E.

      The section of this Journal devoted to the "Clansman of the Year" has unfortunately lapsed in recent years. In this edition we take great pleasure in honouring one of our members who embodies and stands for some of our finest traditions.

      Angus Macpherson was born on the 2nd July, 1877 in a cottage on the Cluny Castle estate, where his father, Malcolm Macpherson, the famous Calum Piobaire, held the post of Piper to the Chief, a position which before him had been occupied by his father, Angus.

       Young Angus was ushered into the world to the sound of the pipes, his father practising his evening piobaireachd at the time; there is little doubt that the atmosphere and tradition of piping surrounding his upbringing assisted his natural inclination toward music.

      An interesting memory of his early youth is watching his father play the lament at the funeral of Old Cluny in 1885; Angus must now be one of the last men living to have witnessed the passing of that stalwart chief, so beloved of his clan.

      Angus became fully committed to a piper's life when in 1898 he was chosen to be the personal piper of Mr. Andrew Carnegie, the Scottish-American millionaire, who had just purchased Skibo Castle on the Dornoch Firth as a summer residence for his family. Angus served the Carnegies faithfully for seven years, acting as piper and fishing companion at Skibo Castle during the summer and accompanying the family to America during the winter months.

      This personal friendship continued in 1919 when Angus was invited to New York to play his pipes at the wedding of Andrew Carnegie's daughter, Margaret.

      From 1914 Angus was the proprietor of the Inveran Hotel on the River Shin, and proved a charming and hospitable host to all his guests, until the tragic destruction of the hotel by fire in 1949. His skill as an angler is well known among the many who come to fish for salmon in the Shin.

      It is, however, for or his piping that Angus has gained his greatest fame. His record of having competed at sixty consecutive Northern Meetings in Inverness was recognised in 1954 by a presentation by the organising committee. During that period he has gained nearly every honour that the Scottish competitive piping world can provide, including the highest award at the Northern Meeting of Inverness, the Blue Ribbon of piping. He also has an unbroken attendance at the Meeting for the years 1894 to 1969 and hopes to attend this year.

------------------------------------------------------------------346---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------347--------------------------------------------------------------

      As late as 1966 he won a competition organised by the B.B.C. for the best composition in piobaireachd, defeating sixty-six other entries from seven different countries, surely providing signs of perennial youth.

      This lifetime of devotion to his own music was rewarded in the Birthday Honours of 1969 by the award of the M.B.E. for his services to piping, an honour which was personally presented by Her Majesty the Queen at a special ceremony at Balmoral in September.

      The Constitution of the Clan Macpherson Association urges us to protect, study and preserve the music and traditions of the Clan; surely Angus Macpherson is one of the leading followers of this tenet, as well as one who has brought great honours to the Clan over many years.

      May we add our congratulations on a long and happy life together with our best wishes for continued prosperity.

NOTE:-- Angus is shown in the 1969 CREAG DHUBH opposite page 294 shaking hands with the late Cluny.

______________________________

MACPHERSON'S FAREWELL
Fast o'er East Pilton shadows are creeping,
Low to the Westward swings the red sun,
Down by the Wardie Burn breezes are creeping,
Hear them lamenting, "MacPherson is gone"!
Down in the Shops the silence is growing,
Hum of the lathes and rasp of the saw
Die with the sound of workmates homegoing,
And hushed are the voices, "MacPherson's awa".

Now other hands his charts will be tracing,
Other brisk feet will tread the shop floor,
Now will another the Progress be chasing,
Pilton will see MacPherson no more.

Farewell, MacPherson! Friend of our labour!
Joy, health and plenty where'er you may roam!
(With many a pibroch and cromak and caber)
Long may the ceilidh resound in your home.

Written on the retiral of
ROBERT MACPHERSON
of Davidson's Mains

------------------------------------------------------------------347---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------348--------------------------------------------------------------

THE MACPHERSONS OF SKYE
by J. E. MACPHERSON

      It has often been asked how one small branch of the Clan came to be isolated in Skye. The following extract from a letter written by Sir John Macpherson, who succeeded Warren Hastings as Governor General of India in 1785, supplies the explanation. His father, to whom he refers, was John Macpherson, D.D., Minister of Sleat, referred to by Dr. Johnson in his famous tour to the Hebrides and one of our earliest archaeologists, his Critical Dissertations on the Origin, Antiquities, Language and Religion of the Ancient Caledonians, their Posterity, the Picts, and the British and Irish Scots being published posthumously by his son in 1798. The letter was addressed to SubPrincipal Macleod, Kings College, Aberdeen, and was dated Brompton (London) 15th March, 1798. (The spelling has been slightly modernised).

      My dear Sir -- I could not but smile on finding you and my good friend John Paxton anxious about the line of my ancestry. The writer of the Baronage had written to me; but I did not answer him as I was told he was an endless correspondent.

      The history of my predecessors is shortly this:-- They followed the Macdonalds of Sleat and their fortunes when that line of Princes of the Isles came to Skye. Our caste (sept.) were the hereditary standard bearers (the Ensign a bush of Heath) of the family; and we had free lands in Sleat for that service. The last who exercised his office was Iain Ban Mac a' Phearsain who commanded the Macdonalds at Blar a' Chullin, the last (fight) fought between the Macleods and the Macdonalds. Ferinlea's predecessor commanded the Macleods, and Iain Ban was victorious. His son Martin was brought up to Letters and was a Clergyman in South Uist, from which he was expelled by a religious faction. He opened a prosecution at law for the outrage before the Parliament at Edinburgh, recovered great damages, and part of the Clanronald Estate was forfeited to him. He took refuge at Dunvegan Castle where the laird of Macleod received him with hospitality, and he became the Clergyman and instructor of that family. He was buried in the Church yard of Durinish where his son, and successor as a Clergyman, the Rev. Wm. Dugald Macpherson erected a Tomb-stone for him which is still extant. W. Dugald like his father was a man of Letters, a Poet and remarkable for the benevolent . . . simplicity of his manners. He would not avail himself of the claim against the Clanronald Estate, the papers about which are still extant. He was brought up at Glasgow; was a great favourite with the Earl of Isla, and he wrote the Classic inscription on the Tur Mor of Dunvegan (castle). His eldest son Martin was Minister of Sleat

------------------------------------------------------------------348---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------349--------------------------------------------------------------

and died before him, leaving my Father, whom you so well knew, a child of five years of age; he was born in the year 10 and died in 65. The predecessor of Iain Ban Mac a' Phearsain who made most noise in the story of our family was the Pearson ruadh. He introduced Letters into the Isle of Skye and the religion of the day was called after him. It is probable as I understood from my father that he lived in Ostaig; and some of the fields there are called after him as Larach taigh a' Phearsain or the spot of his habitation. Tradition stated that the predecessor who followed Hugh of Sleat to Skye had 30 warriors; and our little clan could muster in Sleat, when I was a boy, the same number. The fact of the Standard-bearership is of some importance in the contentions about the Macdonald Chieftainship -- and that our predecessor was, as to the Standard-bearer, the follower of the true Chief. For the MacMuirichs or Macphersons of Badenoch state that their tribe and Chief had that trust from the Lord of the Isles. This circumstance formed an early bond of civility without rivalry between the Macphersons of Badenoch and the little branch in Skye; for there could not be a question but that the real Chief of the Macphersons followed and was followed by the majority of the Tribe, who resided in Badenoch and who are originally descended of the Clan Chattain or Catti of Germany. Of that tribe Tacitus said "Catti ad bellum, alii ad prolium" The late Earl Marshall was Chief of Clan Chattain by his account but I suspect the Sutherland family are the Chiefs: their title is morer chatt (morair Chatt).
      In an undated letter to Dr. Hugh Macpherson, Sir John says he remembers being told by "Nichai" an old woman of 90 (whose daughter was still alive), that the Pearsoin Ruadh had a house in some part in Ostaig.
"The place is still called Larach Taigh a' Phearsoin Ruaidh near Dunile which I believe was the original fortification of the 30 warriors that came with the Macdonalds of Sleat from the South Western Islands where the family were Sovereigns. All this is tradition. The place was called Dun no fer Ilack (Dun fear Ileach) [Islay Man Fort] (as Nichai said) contracted Dunile which you remember".

________________________

FURTHER GLEANINGS FROM THE FORFEITED ESTATES PAPERS
by the late FRASER MACPHERSON, W.S.

      Copy of Petition by Duncan Macpherson (Duncan of the Kiln) then Lt. Col. of the 3rd (later Scots) Guards for the grant to him by the Crown of the lands of Kinlochlaggan. These lands had been acquired by the Petitioner's Grandfather Lauchlan of Cluny prior to

------------------------------------------------------------------349---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------350--------------------------------------------------------------

the Rising of 1745 but as appears in the Petition were not made over with the rest of the Cluny estates to his son Ewan (Cluny of the '45) on his marriage. The lands remained in Lauchlan's name and were not carried by the Forfeiture to the Crown which followed Ewan's attainder in 1746. Lauchlan however died a few days after his son's attainder without having made a Will. Ewan, the legal heir, being unable to succeed owing to his attainder the lands of Kinlochlaggan fell by law to the Crown.

      The Petition sets forth the various complications which arose. The Barons of Exchequer to whom the application of the Petitioner had been referred recommended that the Crown might properly grant the lands to the Petitioner, as grandson and heir of Lauchlan and the Petition is based on this decision. The whole Estate of Cluny was returned to Duncan Macpherson by the Crown in 1784.

      The copy of the Petition follows.

To the Right Honourable the Lord Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury, The Humble Petition of Lt. Col. Duncan Macpherson of His Majesty's 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards.

Sheweth
      That in 1724 Lauchlan Macpherson of Cluny your Petitioner's Grandfather purchased the Estate of Kinlochlaggan from Lauchlan Macintosh of Macintosh but the price not having been paid till 1744 he did not enter to the possession sooner than that period -- about that time Macpherson had an account of his son Ewan's marriage conveyed to him all the ancient Family Estate of Cluny reserving this purchase of Kinlochlaggan and a small Annuity for his own Maintainance.

      That the said Ewan Macpherson, Father of your Petitioner having been unfortunately concerned in the unnatural Rebellion which broke out in the next year 1745 was attained for not surrendering himself before 12th July 1746 and the whole Estate of Cluny which had been conveyed to him as above mentioned was forfeited and annexed unalienably to the Crown.

      That Lauchlan Macpherson the Father survived his son Ewan's attainder only a few days but dying without having made any settlement of these Lands of Kinlochlaggan and his son Ewan being unable to succeed by reason of his Attainder they fell to the Crown by Escheat ob defectum Heredis.

      That Macintosh the Vendor immediately resumed the possession of Kinlochlaggan as if he had never sold the same but sometime afterwards the Barons of Exchequer in Scotland ordered this Estate to be surveyed as falling to the Crown by Escheat through

------------------------------------------------------------------350---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------351--------------------------------------------------------------

Ewan Macpherson's Attainder, whereupon Aeneas Macintosh, who had succeeded to the Estate of Macintosh as Heir male of his Cousin Lauchlan, did in the terms of the Statute 20--Geo. 2nd, enter a claim to this Estate before the Court of Session and wiged the same upon various different grounds for several years, till at last his claim was ultimately dismissed upon an appeal to the House of Lords.

      That soon afterwards the said Aeneas Macintosh after having maintained such a tedious and obstinate Litigation with the Crown thought proper to present a Petition to your Lordships praying you to move His Majesty to give him a gift of this Estate of Kinlochlaggan.

      That your Petitioner conceiving that he was in this particular an object of the bounty of the Crown preferable to Mr. Macintosh in 1770 also presented his Petition to your Lordships stating the facts respecting the Estate as above mentioned and the Grounds upon which he rested his pretentions, as much outweighing any matter that could be alleged in favour of Macintosh, viz., that he is the Grandson of Lauchlan Macpherson the original purchaser for a valuable consideration of this Estate of Kinlochlaggan which escheated to the Crown in manner aforesaid.

      That he is the next Heir and would have taken this Estate by descent if that had not been impeded by his Father's Attainder that if his Grandfather had survived Ewan the attainted person this Estate would not have escheated, but would in course of succession have devolved upon the Petitioner -- that if his Grandfather had not died suddenly after his Son's attainder he intended and would have made a settlement of this Estate on the Petitioner which would have prevented the escheat -- that the Petitioner was not born till some months after his Father's attainder and had been brought up and educated chiefly at the expense of his Uncle Major John Macpherson of Col. Fraser's Regiment, who being disabled by the wounds he received in America in 1759 was obliged to retire from the Service.

      That your Petitioner when only 15 years of age had entered into His Majesty's Service-that by the assistance and at the expense of his Uncle and other friends he compleated a Company in the Regiment raised under the Command of Major General Grame -- that upon the conclusion of the peace in 1763 he was reduced to half Pay which was all he had to support himself and to pay off several debts contracted for his education and in raising his Company for his Majesty's Service and upon the whole he prayed your Lordships to move His Majesty for a Grant of these lands of Kinlochlaggan in his Favour.

------------------------------------------------------------------351---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------352--------------------------------------------------------------

      That upon the 30th day of May 1770 your Lordships were pleased to refer the above mentioned Petition to the Barons of Exchequer in Scotland who upon the 27th June 1770 made the following report thereon to your Lordships.

      "In obedience to your Lordships directions signified by Mr. Cooper of the 30th May last part desiring us to consider the Petition of Captain Duncan Macpherson here unto annexed and to report to your Lordships a State of the case with our Opinion what is fit to be done therein we crave leave to acquaint your Lordships.

      "That the Petitioner is Grandson of Lauchlan Macpherson who died in the year 1746 in possession of certain parts of the Lands of Kinlochlaggan amounting to the sum of � 2s. 9d., 2/3 of net rent and had also a right to redeem three small Wadsetts on other parts of the said Estate amounting to the sum of �13s. 4d. per annum on paying the Wadsetters the sum of �3 6s. 8d. sterling.

      "That Ewan Macpherson of Cluny the son of Lauchlan and Father to the Petitioner being in 1746 attainder for his Rebellion in the year 1745 and the said Lauchlan the Petitioner's Grandfather having died soon after, without making any settlement of his Estate, the same with the right of redeeming the said Wadsetts fell to the Crown by escheat ob defectum heredis and is at His Majesty's disposal.

      "We further beg leave to acquaint your Lordships that Capt. Aeneas Macintosh of Macintosh having preferred a Petition to your Lordships the 29th of April 1769 praying your Lordships to move His Majesty to give him a gift of this Estate of Kinlochlaggan and the said Petition being referred to us to consider the same and report a State of the case with our Opinion what was fit to be done therein. We made a report accordingly to your Lordships the 10th day of August 1769 wherein we laid before your Lordships a full state of the case and were of opinion that this Estate was not His Majesty's Royal disposal and that if His Majesty was previously pleased so to do, he might give the same to Capt. Macintosh upon payment of �2 4s. 5-1/2d. being the sum his predecessor received when he wadsett the said Lands.

      "That upon considering the Petitioner's case that he is the Grandson and heir of Lauchlan Macpherson who was Proprietor of the said Estate of Laggan we are humbly of Opinion that he is a proper object of his Majesty's Bounty and Favour, if his Majesty shall be graciously pleased to give him a gift of the said Lands of Laggan with a power to redeem the three

------------------------------------------------------------------352 ---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------353--------------------------------------------------------------

Wadsetts upon the said Lands at present possessed by Lauchlan Macpherson, John and Paul Macpherson and Alexander Macdonald all which are humbly submitted to your Lordships great Wisdom".

      That when this report was made to your Lordships the Petitioner was abroad and Aeneas Macintosh the other Petitioner having died about that time nothing further was done thereon.

      That in 1771 your Petitioner was appointed to a Company in the 63rd Regiment then lying in Ireland when he joined that Corps and continued there till 1775 when he went with it to Boston where he continued till 1776 when he was appointed Major to the 71st Regiment on which occasion he came home and raised a Company of 100 men for that Regiment and within two months returned with it to New York.

      That he continued on actual Service in America for 5 years afterwards under the Commands of Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, General Provst and Colonel Archibald Campbell. That he was at last taken prisoner when coming to Britain with dispatches from Sir Henry Clinton and was detained a prisoner in New England 16 months.

      That under all these circumstances and the favourable equity of his case your Petitioner humbly hopes and prays your Lordships will recommend him to his Majesty as worthy of His Royal favour and meriting a Grant of the abovementioned Lands of Kinlochlaggan, which, but for the unfortunate events abovementioned would have descended to him in right of succession.

______________________

Zurich 2, Bleicherweg 15

10/9/67

Dear Mr. Macpherson,
      I was delighted to receive your kind letter informing me that I have been elected a member of the Clan Macpherson.

      I hope you will excuse the delay in forwarding to you the material you had asked me to send, because I had been ill during the last weeks. For the same reason I could not avail myself of your kind invitation.

      I was delighted to receive the Macpherson tie and you may be sure that I shall frequently wear it.

Yours very sincerely,

J. POKORNY.

------------------------------------------------------------------353---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------354--------------------------------------------------------------

List of Publications by Professor Pokorny
      1914 -- A Concise Old Irish Grammar, Dublin, 1914.
      1923 -- A Historical Reader of Old Irish, Halle 1923.
      1933 -- A History of Ireland, Dublin, 1933.
      1938 -- Zur Urgeschichte der Kelten und Illyrier, Halle, 1938
     1959-1967 -- Indogermanisches etymologisches Weorterbuch, Bern.
      Editor of the Zeitschrift feur celtische Philologie from 1921-1967.

Honours:
      D.Litt.Celt.h.c. National University of Ireland, Dublin, 1925.
      Dr. Phil.h.c., University of Wales, Swansea, 1966.
      D.Litt.Celt.h.c., University of Edinburgh, 1967.

P.S. What I consider myself as my best work is a series of papers on the Non-Aryan substrate in Irish, published in the Zeitschrift feur celtische, Philologie (whose editor I have been since 1921) in Vols. 16, 17, and 18 (1927, 1928, 1930). The University of Wales Press Board will issue a reprint of those papers early next year.

English Translation
      In the work Die Literaturen der Welt, published by Kindler, Zurich 1965, 1 wrote in my contribution "Die keltischen Literaturen", p.679-716 on p.702 on James Macpherson:
      "If there were Gaelic texts which have been epoch-making in the history of European thought, they were the songs of Ossain, published by James Macpherson (1736-1790). They not only stimulated the study of pre-literary popular poetry, but also changed the relation of European culture to poetry in general.

      "Though they were in fact translations of prose-poems originally written in English, with strong Celtic elements, which were in fact the product of Macpherson himself, he was all the same an Anglo-Celtic poet of genius. Though his poems could by no means be called Old-Celtic, as he himself kept on asserting, they can be called all the same Modern Celtic. We may, no doubt, look upon Macpherson as an heir and successor of the Old Celtic bards. We ought to keep in mind that he himself was of Celtic origin, and that the atmosphere of his poems was Celtic -- in any way, he knew the genuine Celtic ballads.

      "His chief merit lay, however, in the fact that he created for those ballads a quite unexpected echo in the whole world. I may only mention a fact, hitherto unknown, that Germany's greatest genius Goethe had taken the trouble to try and learn Scottish Gaelic all by himself.

------------------------------------------------------------------354---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------355--------------------------------------------------------------

      "If the hitherto completely neglected study of Celtic languages quite suddenly received an incredible impetus, it is almost exclusively due to the influence of Macpherson".

__________________________

HONORARY DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF LETTERS [Edinburgh University]
LAUREATION ADDRESS 27th JULY 1967
JULIUS POKORNY

      Born in Austria in 1887, Julius Pokorny is the last of a distinguished older generation of continental students of Indo-European languages who concentrated on Celtic. He is known throughout the philological world for two major works: the Comparative Dictionary of Indo-European Tongues which he wrote with Alois Walde, and the Indogermanic Etymological Dictionary which was the fruit of ten years of his own unaided work. These books have brought him wide fame, but it is perhaps more appropriate on the present occasion to mention his no less notable contributions to the philology, grammar and literature of the Celtic languages and pre-history of the Celtic peoples, which comprise at least half a dozen books and something like a hundred articles. One of the earliest of these, on the origins of Druidism, appeared in 1908 in the now defunct Scottish periodical the Celtic Review. As editor for many years of the Zeitschrift fur Celtische Philologie Pokorny has made a major contribution to the furtherance of Celtic studies. He was honoured with the degree of Doctor of Celtic Letters by the National University of Ireland as long ago as 1925, and even before that appears to have impressed himself as an authority on Celtic matters on James Joyce, who (I am reliably informed) mentions him as such in Ulysses. Professor of Celtic in Berlin University from 1920 to 1936, when he was expelled by the Nazis, and holding the corresponding chair in Munich from 1955 until his retirement, Pokorny remains remarkably active for a man who celebrated his 80th birthday in June: for the past twelve years or so he has given lectures in Munich each summer and in Zurich each winter, and is said to be about to repeat the experience in the coming year. It is perhaps a little late to recruit him as a regular member of staff here, but we can have the pleasure of enrolling him among our honorary doctors, and this, Mr. Vice-Chancellor, I ask you to do now by conferring on him the degree of Doctor of Letters, honoris causa.
__________________

ROSE COTTAGE
by ROBERT MACPHERSON (of Davidson's Mains)

      A knock on the door; a ring on the bell, and you get the usual response from the inmates "who will that be?" That happened last summer when the Editor of Creag Dhubh, presented himself on the doorstep of the writer's domicile, to announce who he was, and the

------------------------------------------------------------------355---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------356--------------------------------------------------------------

nature of his quest. Accompanied by his wife, another pleasing member of Highland descent, they had been anxious to view the cottage, which was the home of his Great Grandfather, subsequently heired by his own Mother who was a grand-daughter, and later by sale to pass out of the possession of the Macpherson family.

      By the end of the day Archy's enquiries into the ancestral links of his family on his maternal side had been most rewarding. He discovered that the writer was a full cousin to his mother, and, who, when a boy had spent many happy years at the cottage, where "The Laird" James Macpherson, held sway over his own territory, and also where his own family of six sons, and three daughters paid homage from time to time. This had been a most interesting meeting for both of us, and as an elder brother of mine was present on a visit, he was able to furnish our new found relation with an extended version of the events which took place at Rose Cottage. To detail all that transpired from our discussion would fill a book, but Archy didn't surprise me, when he admitted his quest for Macpherson history had just commenced.

      The clachan called Rose Cottage on the outskirts of Scotland's capital provided a starting point for a scrutiny of the records in Register House, where he could trace our ancestral lineage. My eldest son, a member of the teaching profession and myself, agreed to spend part of his vacation browsing among the ponderous volumes which would surely contain the "vital statistics". The fee paid, the search began and it provided us with endless interest and amusement, for the entries relating to parentage not based on chastity received the full treatment in the records as decreed by the strict puritanical diction of the church, "Puir sinn'in souls, their deeds to be read and seen of men in perpetuity". Another impression obtained from this exciting survey was to note the gradual drift southwards of our ancestors, driven by necessity, or motivated for other reasons is not known, but James of Rose Cottage had set the pace. As a young man he moved from Aberlemno in Forfar to the capital and commenced his own business as a Stair Railer and Hand Railer, a specialist trade in those days.

      Many a stately home in Scotland contains outstanding examples of his craftmanship and skill, known to the writer, who in his boyhood enjoyed watching the craftsman at work, and whose Father was jointly responsible, with his Father, for the success of the business, to terminate unfortunately, all too soon, due to a serious recession in the building trade, at the conclusion of the '14-'18 war. Beechwood House and the Scotsman offices, both in Edinburgh, show fine examples of this Macpherson art.

      Our search was slow and laborious, yet not without success, but brought more quickly to a conclusion by the help obtained from a student of the University, employed there during holidays. To the

------------------------------------------------------------------356---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------357--------------------------------------------------------------

credit of our ancestors there were no doubtful circumstances relating to parentage, which would create a change in the pallor of our skin, and so, at the end of the day, we had established our own, and the Editor's ancestry back to 1770 approx. All this arose from Rose Cottage.

The Family tree relating to this article is to be found on pages 395 and 396.
_____________________

A HIGHLAND SALE OF WORK
by ROBERT MACPHERSON (of Davidson's Mains)

      The Croft in the Highlands we have in mind is no more, its inmates are now resting peacefully in the little burying ground a few miles along the road which was called by their forebears the "Strauctist road in Scotland". It is for us the home stretch after our long journey from the South, for on the roadside at the entrance to the home stood our kinsfolk waiting to welcome us, on our arrival for summer holidays. The cordiality of the welcome was never in doubt, and the prepared meal surpassed in quality any that was provided by the Hoteliers en route. We recall too the scented air, laden by the perfume of honeysuckle, and an abundance of wild flowers, which adorn that part of the countryside, and were scattered in gay profusion everywhere. It was truly a colourful scene, and ranges of the distant hills, trailed into the far horizon, suggesting a bastion of defence to all who resided within their protection. These are the pleasantries where nature reigns supreme, and to be out of touch with the spirit of this quiet countryside reveals a barrenness of soul and a poverty of perception.
Two men looked through prison bars. The one saw mud, the other stars.
      As is to be expected there are many memories humorous and otherwise, associated with these holidays, one in particular concerns the Annual Church Sale of Work, not confined to its members only, but ably supported by all sections of the community, at least on that occasion all sectarian differences were forgotten. The Manse grounds had been suitably prepared to accommodate the tables and stalls to display the produce and other articles for sale. The local bus owner, well known to the community was their chief line of communication with the nearest town centre, who toured the area bringing people from the outlying parts of the parish. The day had been warm and sunny, the evening sultry, and thundery showers threatened. The assembly on the Manse lawn were listening eagerly to the well chosen words from a notable lady in the neighbourhood as she declared the Sale open, and wished the sponsors a successful effort. At that moment, as some of the officials had feared, the heavens opened and torrential rain deluged the gathering, scattering stall holders and purchasers to the nearest available shelter. In a matter of minutes that commodious country

------------------------------------------------------------------357---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------358--------------------------------------------------------------

Manse was being invaded, a horde of youngsters and adults had taken possession of it, filling dining-room, drawing-room, staircase, attic and cellar, accompanied by the entire stock of saleable goods perishable and otherwise.

      What a scene of "joy through tears", everyone elbowing and jostling their way from room to room, buying as they went, with water dripping all around -- a huge weeping willow tree took pre-eminence in the manse garden layout, a miserable symbol of the night's proceedings. Homeward bound after the deluge, people were seen leaving "The Ark" with cauliflowers and cockerels, honey and homespuns, piling into the local bus, happily content, for rain in these parts to them is just something that happens and could happen any time. At the manse door stood the dejected figures of the Minister and his wife smiling wearily to their departing friends, whilst indoors, stamped indelibly on every com nipaitm&nt were the evidences' of a Sale of Work that was never intended to be held in the manse. This experience will live in our memory for we may never have the privilege again to be present at a Sale of Work in the Highlands.

____________________

SLIOCHD IAIN -- THE MACPHERSONS OF PITMAIN
by Lt. Colonel ALEXANDER KILGOUR MACPHERSON, M.V.O
16th of Pitmain and Senior Chieftain in Clan Macpherson

CONTINUED FROM Creag Dhubh No. 21 page 287 ...

Alexander Prisoner of Napoleon at Dukirk

      Alexander Macpherson was also bred to the sea, where he fought against Napoleon. He was thus employed when he was captured in an engagement with eleven French warships in the NORTH SEA. At night in a dense fog he found he was in company with a number of other ships, discovered at dawn to be a French squadron. After, a hopeless resistance he was, taken prisoner to DUNKIRK, where he was held in a Nunnery for two years and nine months when he, was liberated by exchange. His oak sea chest is still in possession of his great great grand daughter, Margaret Bruce Macpherson of Pitmain, Mrs. Marriott Fox.

      At one time Alexander decided to emigrate to the U.S.A. and even, took out, Nationalisation Papers for the purpose. But thinking better of it he returned to the U.K.

------------------------------------------------------------------358---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------359--------------------------------------------------------------

      Alexander Macpherson and Elizabeth his wife died within one week of each other, she on the, 3rd February and he on the 10th February 1857, the two coffins leaving the house together and were buried in Derry Cathedral.

Francis Alexander Macpherson, b. 27 Feb. 1811
      Alexander and Elizabeth had four sons and one daughter. The eldest son, born 4th August, 1802, died in infancy. The second son, Francis Alexander Macpherson was born 27th February, 1811. The third son John Wilson, born 12th September, 1818, died unmarried and buried 6th June, 1845. The fourth son, Rev. Samuel McCaine Macpherson, B.A., born August 1820 of T.C.D. and Curate of Leckpatrick, Co. TYRONE, where there is a Memorial Tablet to his; memory, died unmarried, 29th October, 1865. Biography by Dean Smylay. The only daughter, Elizabeth, born 18th October, 1815, married James Wilson, and died at BUFFALO, New Jersey [New York?], leaving issue of whom nothing is known.

      Francis Alexander, the 2nd son, married at ARTICLAVE, Co. Derry, 19th September, 1844, Mary, Kilgour Whyte, born 29th July, 1818 at Fingask, Perthshire, daughter of William Whyte, born 1788 at Kirkcaldy, and Agent to his wife's kinsman, Sir Harvey Bruce, BART., of Downhill, Co. Derry; his wife being Margaret Bruce, daughter of James Bruce of Kinclaven, Perthshire and of Mary Kilgour. Win. Whyte died 4th April, 1861 and his wife Margaret Bruce died 4th March 1832, she having been married at St. John's, PERTH, 5th July 1816, and buried at Errol, Carse of Gowrie. Mary Kilgour Whyte, wife of F. A. Macpherson, died 7th January, 1873. Francis Alexander Macpherson died 25th March, 1900, in his 90th year. He had never had a day's illness in his life, nor lost a tooth; he just passed away in his sleep. He was buried in Derry Cemetary.

Descendants of Francis Alexander and Mary Kilgour Whyte
      Francis Alexander and Mary Kilgour Whyte had three sons and three daughters. The eldest, Mary Francis, born 1845, died in infancy. [The sons were:]
           William John, b. 3rd August, 1846. Hebrew Exhibitioner, Trinity College, Dublin, died 1865, unmarried, buried Derry Cathedral.

------------------------------------------------------------------359---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------360--------------------------------------------------------------

           The 2nd Son, Francis Alexander ,[Jr.] b. 1st June, 1850 L.R.C.P. and S. Edinburgh, of whom presently. .            The 3rd Son, James Bruce, b. 3rd January, 1853, L.R.C.P. and S. Edinburgh, had a practice at Prescot, Lancs. M.O. to the 1st B. The King's Regiment, died unmarried 11th February, 1889. He inherited Bruce Lodge, near Scone from his maternal great uncle James Bruce, but did not live to get it, his cousin Jessie Bruce had a life interest in it.

           The 2nd daughter, Eliza Rachel b. 1st Dec. 1847, married 7th April, 1873 at Cloony, Waterside, Londenderry, James Moore of the Royal Irish Constabulary, and of Clones, Co. Monaghan. Eliza died 4th August, 1882, buried Derry Cathedral. He died 1884. They had three sons and two daughters:- (1) James married, and was killed in train accident in NEW JERSEY, issue a son, b. 1919. (2) Francis Alexander, married, and died at Steamer Point, CAPETOWN, S.A., issue two daughters, Patricia and Eileen. Francis Alexander served in the North Irish Horse in the Boer War, 1899-1902. The 3rd son William Moore died at sea 1921, unmarried. The elder daughter, Marion Bruce Moore was a Medical Missionary in FOOCHOW, China and died unmarried, 30th December, 1913, and buried Streatham Cemetery, London. The youngest, Margaret Gertrude Moore, b. 20th January, 1880 at Clones, Co. Monaghan, married her cousin Alexander Kilgour Macpherson, elder son of the above Francis Alexander Macpherson and of whom later.

           The 3rd daughter of Francis Alexander Macpherson and M. K. Whyte, was Margaret Grace Bruce, b. 21st June, 1851, and died unmarried, 23rd February, 1923, and buried Anfield, LIVERPOOL.

Dr. F. A. Macpherson [Jr.](continued)
      The above mentioned 2nd and eldest surviving son of Francis Alexander Macpherson and Margaret K. Whyte, Doctor Francis Alexander Macpherson, was house surgeon at a LIVERPOOL Hospital, and had a practice in that city. He married 20th April 1887, Florence, elder daughter of the Ven. William Francis Taylor, M.A., LL.D., D.D.,

------------------------------------------------------------------360-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------361--------------------------------------------------------------

Archdeacon of LIVERPOOL, of Kilmalnham, CO. DUBLIN, and his wife Anne Evans, daughter of Rev. Hugh Evans of BETWYS, ABERGELE and MOULDSWORTH HOUSE, Cheshire.

      Dr. F. A. Macpherson was the first to advocate through the columns of the LIVERPOOL COURIER, the demolition of the insanitary homes of the poor, and their re-construction on a satisfactory basis. A work since spread to all cities. He was a fine bass singer, and as might be expected, he made a particular study of the diseases of the throat, visiting the hospitals of PARIS and BERLIN for the purpose.

      He was keenly mindful of his Highland ancestry and of his descent from the house of Pitmain. He was a Life Member of the then existing Clan Chattan Association, and of which he was a Member of Council. He died at the comparatively early age of 50, on the 12th August, 1900, and was buried at Anfield, Liverpool.

      The original grant of the Arms of Pitmain as recorded by his 4th great grandfather Lachlan I of Pitmain in 1762, was preserved in the family till 1867, when it was lost in a move in Ireland and though widely advertised was never recovered.

Descendants of Dr. F. A. Macpherson and Florence Taylor
      Dr. F. A. Macpherson and his wife Florence Taylor had issue two sons. The elder, Alexander Kilgour Macpherson was born at LIVERPOOL, 6th March 1888, and of whom later.       The younger son, Bruce Whyte Macpherson, was born 18th January 1891 at Liverpool. Educated at the Liverpool College, commissioned 2nd Lieut. 4th Btn. The King's Regiment, 1909, he was appointed to the NIGERIAN POLITICAL Service as Assistant District Officer, 1914. He served with the Royal West African Frontier Force in the CAMEROONS Campaign, 1914-15. He was marshal to the Lord Chief Justice of ENGLAND, S.E. Circuit 1926, Resident of ABEOKUTA, 1930. Barrister at Law, Gray's Inn 1931. Acting Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Nigeria, 1933. Retired from the Nigerian Political Service, 1934.

------------------------------------------------------------------361---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------362--------------------------------------------------------------

      On retirement from the Special Reserve, 4th King's Regt. 1935, he was granted the Honorary Rank of Major. In 1936 he was admitted to the Bar of the ISLE OF MAN. Appointed by the QUEEN, HER MAJESTIE'S 2nd DEEMSTER of the ISLE OF MAN, April, 1958. Retired, age limit, 30th September, 1963. Residence, CROGGA, ISLE OF MAN.

      He is a life member of the Clan Macpherson Association and of the Clan Chattan Association, and also of the '45 Association. In December, 1964 His Honour Bruce W. Macpherson was appointed by Her Majesty's Governor of the ISLE OF MAN, "Captain of the Parish of Santan". This is an ancient office which, in the 16th century entailed responsibility for 'providing "Watch and Ward", and calling out the Militia by "Fiery Cross" in time of danger! The Isle of Man was once, of course, in the "Lordship of the Isles", under the great MACDONALD, and later became the property of the Duke of ATHOL. It is Norse-Gaelic in culture, and language. Surely this is an interesting appointment for one of whose ancestors must often have sped the Fiery. Cross in BADENOCH in times of danger! The appointment is one of great honour in the Island. It embraces his own estate, and he is a Member of the Legislative Council of the Island which is, of course, governed by the House of Keys the ancient TYNWALD.

      He married, 12th December 1917 DOROTHY CLARE GWLADYS, only child of the late Rev. Henry Thomas Devall, D.D., Vicar of Kirkmichael, ISLE OF MAN, and later Rector of Huggate, YORKS, and of his wife, Charlotte Picton Jones. There are two children of this marriage:--
            1. Michael Bruce Dela Valle Macpherson, born 18th May, 1920. Educated at St. Ninian's, Moffat, Dumfriesshire, and King William's College, Isle of Man. 'He served in the 1939-45 War, joining direct from school, the Manx Regiment R.A. He saw active service in the ERITREAN Campaign being present at the Battle of KEREN, then in the Western Desert, 7th Armoured Division, the ITALIAN Campaign, the NORMANDY Landings,

------------------------------------------------------------------362-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------363--------------------------------------------------------------

      BELGIUM and GERMANY. He attained the rank of Captain, was mentioned in Despatches, and was also guide to the Times Editor during his tour of Germany.

      He married 14th December, 1946, at WORTH MATRAVERS, DORSET, PAMELA DOROTHEA, only daughter of Lieut. Commander J. Ronald Strange, O.B.E., R.N.R., of CORLEY, Worth Matravers, DORSET, and has issue a son, Alexander Bruce Graham Macpherson, b. 21 November, 1950, and two daughters, Jane Frances, b. 14th June, 1948 and Fiona Deval, b. 23rd February, 1954.

      Michael B. D. Macpherson lives at Knock-o-Loughan, where as tenant he farms his father's land at SANTON, ISLE OF MAN.

      Michael B. D. Macpherson matriculated his Arms in the Court of the Lord Lyon, Edinburgh, on 16th December, 1941. His Arms are "As for Pitmain, but with a Label of 5 POINTS", Azure, charged alternately with 3 FUSILS and 2 FLEUR de LYS.

      He was appointed Trustee of King William's College, Isle of Man, 1964.

            2. Vivienne Frances Bruce Macpherson, b. 20th May, 1922, Ramsay, Isle of Man. She served in Q.A.R.N. Nursing Service, married at Kirk Braddon, Isle of Man, 8th August, 1949, Hugh Revill, M.B., CH.B., younger son of George Revill, Glen Craig House, BOTHWELL, and of Kenilworth, South Africa, b. 25th May, 1923. Dr. Hugh Revill is in practice, living in Well Cottage, BIRLING, West Malling, KENT. They have issue of three sons and two daughters. (1) Timothy John, b. 4th August, 1950. (2) Robert Hugh Bruce, b. 8th December, 1955. (3) Nigel Haigh b. 17th October, 1958 and (4) Judith Mary, b. 23rd December, 1951, and (5) Joan Frances, Georgina, b. 31st July, 1961.

------------------------------------------------------------------363-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------364--------------------------------------------------------------

CORRECTIONS
Corrections for page 288 Creag Dhubh 21 (Pedigree of 'Sliochd Iain' -- Macphersons of Pitmain) Page 288

      Line 16: Mahew' should be spelt:-- 'Mayhew'. [This correction has been made on page 288].
      Line 17: Please omit this line altogether as well as the first word ('published') on line 18.[This correction has been made on page 288].
      Line 19: Please omit the words "no descendants" -- in point of fact Lilian and Talbot Barnard had 1 son -- Vince, d. when young and 1 daughter -- Winifred, m. Lawrence Ashburnham, 1904; M 1 daughter, Doreen, b. 1905. [This correction has been made on page 288].
     Line 20: 'Mahew' should be spelt 'Mayhew'. General Mayhew was not present at Lucknow! This has been a mistake-it was Sir Joseph Foyrer (the 1st Baronet who was at Lucknow -- and an account has been written by him as well as others). [This correction has NOT yet been made on page 288].
      Line 19: "no decendants" is incorrect though it may not be necessary to insert here the names of the descendants.

____________

GAELIC-SPEAKING PRIEST FROM FORT-WILLIAM TO BE BISHOP OF ARGYLL

      The new Roman Catholic Bishop of Argyll and the Isles is the Gaelic-speaking parish priest of St. Mary's, Fort-William, Father Colin MacPherson. He is 51.

      Born at Lochboisdale, South Uist, where his late father was headmaster, he succeeds Bishop Stephen McGill, who was installed Bishop of Paisley in September.

      Father MacPherson, whose mother lives at Lochboisdale, was educated at St. Mary's College, Blairs, near Aberdeen, and in Rome, where he was ordained in 1940.

      He has been a member of Inverness County and District Councils, the North Uist Hospital Board, the Scottish Agricultural Organisation Society, the Highlands Committee of the Hydro Electric Board, and chairman of Outer Isles Crofters Ltd.

From The Scotsman

------------------------------------------------------------------364-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------365--------------------------------------------------------------

THE CLAN ARMORIAL
by R. G. M. MACPHERSON, F.R.S.A., F.S.A.SCOT.

Sixth of a series of articles concerning the Armorial Bearings of Members of the Clan Macpherson

No. 11 COUNCILLOR HUGH MACPHERSON, K.L.J., F.S.A.Scot., J.P.

      The Arms of Hugh Macpherson, Edinburgh, were granted by Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon King of Arms, and were matriculated in the Lyon Register (Vol. 44, p. 56) on the 14th March 1960.

      The shield is divided "per chevron" to "difference" the arms from those of the Chief and the familiar "hand holding the dagger" has been changed to a hand holding "a letter Argent". The "letter" is of particular significance in that it commemorates an ancestor who was Prince Charlie's courier between Perth and the Palace of Holyrood House. The "cross crosslet" is Sable (black) and the gold stars "in base" are taken from the Arms of Sutherland to suggest the district in which the ancestors of Hugh Macpherson settled. The "stars" also indicate, in this case, that the armiger's paternal grandmother was a Sutherland.

      The cat crest is "sejant" or sitting and holds a similar letter as in the Arms. The motto, "Na Bean", is a Gaelic translation of "Touch Not" which is "an answering motto" to the Chief's "Touch not the cat but a glove".

      Hugh Macpherson has been an active member of the Clan Association since its inception and was an officer of the East of Scotland Branch in the early days of the Association. He was elected ViceChairman of the Association in 1952 and Chairman in 1957. Upon his retirement as Chairman in 1960, he was elected an Hon, VicePresident.

------------------------------------------------------------------365-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------366--------------------------------------------------------------

No. 12 HUME MACPHERSON

      Hume Macpherson of Victoria, B.C., recorded Arms at Lyon Court on the 21st May 1958, and they were entered in The Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland, Volume 42, page 157.

      The Arms are divided "per chevron Or, and Azure" (the traditional Macpherson colours, Gold and Blue) and contain the basic components of the Cluny Arms, viz., the hand holding the dagger, the red cross crosslet and the gold, "galley". The principal "difference" is the addition of the "lion rampant Vert" in "chief", or in the upper part of the shield. Thc green lion is a "counter-change" of the Arms of Hume ("Vert, a lion rampant Argent") and signifies descent from Sir Joseph Hume.,

      The, crest, placed above the helmet, is "a cat-a-mountain passant guardant Proper, collared Vert", which is, of course, a change of posture from. 'the other Macpherson cats so that the crest of Hume Macpherson may be easily identified. The cat is further "differenced" by the green collar which he wears around his neck. The motto, Cha ses ach meatag is a Gaelic rendering of "Not this (cat) without a glove".

      Major Hume Macpherson was a Founder Member of the Canadian Branch of the Clan Association and has long been one of its strongest supporters, He was elected Chairman of the Canadian Branch (later the North American Branch) in 1965 and became an Hon. Vice-President of-the Branch in 1967.

------------------------------------------------------------------366-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------367--------------------------------------------------------------

To ALL Clansmen

MESSAGE FROM CLUNY

      I am very, glad to be able to send a warm greeting to all members of the Clan through the pages of Creag Dhubh.

      1969 was for me and my family a sad and at the same time a challenging year. Sad because of the death in June of my father, to whom so many members of the Clan had shown so much kindness and friendship during his three years as Chief. Challenging because as a result of his death I have the great honour to become Chief of the Clan Macpherson.

      I feel most unworthy, but I do hope to try to convey to all members of the Clan how very proud I am to succeed my father, and to assure you that I will do my best to fill his place.

      Badenoch is the place from where we all stem. But in 1970 it is of course inevitable and indeed creditable that Macphersons should be scattered across the world. It is to me a very great pleasure to learn and remember the history and traditions of our Clan, but at the same time to realise that Macphersons everywhere still feel the connections with the past without feeling their restraint.

      We are all cousins or kinsmen, and wherever we now live the strong and vital purposes for fostering our Clan connections in their day and age are to look back and also to maintain for the future the family bond, which exists between us all as members of a "Right Clan".

      My family and I are delighted to feel that we will be able to meet many clansmen from all over the world, both at our Rallies and at Association Branch meetings and (whenever we are there) at our own Macpherson home in Blairgowrie.

------------------------------------------------------------------367-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------368--------------------------------------------------------------

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE
      William Alan Macpherson of Cluny and Blairgowrie, was born 1st April 1926. Son of Alan D. M. (died 18/6/69) and Catherine Richardson Hill (died 31/10/67). Educated at Summer Fields, Oxford, Wellington College, Berkshire and Trinity College, Oxford.

      Barrister, Inner Temple, called February 1952. Practice in Common Law in London since then (should have been Edinburgh for both of us!!!).

      Served Scots Guards 1944-1947 (Captain), and thereafter from 1950 to 1965 in the Territorial Army -- 21st Special Air Service Regiment T.A., Lieutenant Colonel commanding that Regiment 1963-1966; now Lt. Col. T.A.R.O. (Parachute and "behind-the-lines" Territorial regiment).

      Other activities -- Played rugby for London Scottish Football Club 1949 to 1960 -- Captain 1954/55 -- Secretary 1960 to present day. Also played for and Captain of Territorial Army Rugby XV.

      Married Shiela MacDonald BRODIE (of Edinburgh) 27th December 1962. Daughter Anne born 10/11/63 -- Son Alan Thomas born 8/10/65.

      Family history is as set out in 1966 Creag Dhubh. We stem from William the Purser, killed at Falkirk in 1746 -- who was first cousin of Ewan of the '45. Have been at Blairgowrie since about 1789 -- and are still there whenever possible!


_________________________

CLAN CHATTAN -- Vol. No. 6, 1970
The Journal of the Clan Chattan Association
      The task of an Editor is seldom an easy one, especially when one follows in the footsteps of such a talented predecessor as the late Col. M. B. H. Ritchie. In this case comparisons would be all too easy to make, but we must report that this year's Clan Chattan, under the new guiding hand of Miss Meta MacBean, has all its former blend of varied interests.

      Scholarly accounts of the Clan MacGillivray in Jura and Islay by Col. George MacGillivray and Charles Rennie MacIntosh, forerunner of modern architecture, by Ramsay M. Dewar are balanced with a splendid account of the reunion in New Zealand of 181 descendants of Robert and Helen McIntosh who left Scotland over one hundred years ago.

      A short but fascinating feature, the first of a series, is the derivation and explanations of the place names of Badenoch, the author is unnamed, but is to be congratulated,

------------------------------------------------------------------368-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------369--------------------------------------------------------------

      Other articles include an account of the first annual gathering of the Clan MacThomas Society in Glenshee and details of Norfolk Island in the South Pacific. The illustrations are good (to a Macpherson, the superb photograph of a wild cat at bay must be given pride of place).

      In summing up, well done Meta! A splendid performance, we trust to be followed up by many more in the same vain.

______________

CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION (EDINBURGH)
Not included here.

------------------------------------------------------------------369-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------370--------------------------------------------------------------

LETTER FROM CHAIRMAN
[Information Regarding Plans for the New Museum]

DEAR CLANSMEN,.
      Those of the Clan Macpherson Association who were so fortunate as to be able to attend the 1969 Rally will remember that the Annual General Meeting requested the Council and the Building Sub-Committee to proceed as a matter of urgency with the proposal to build the extension to the Clan House and Museum. At a special Meeting in October, 1969, the Council approved revised draft plans from the architect and authorised the preparation of full Working plans. These have now been prepared and accepted, and are in the process of being costed by the contractors. It is hoped that the actual building will be started by the end of March and the contractors estimate that, given open weather, the building can be completed in about three months.

      This is an exciting prospect, for it lays the way open to holding an Official Opening Ceremony for the New Extension at the Rally in 1970. Plans are being made now to hold the official opening on the afternoon of Friday, 31st July. Details will be sent by the Secretary in due course, but I hope that all members will make a special effort to come for the Friday afternoon, as well as for the Saturday and Sunday this year.

      The start, of the building is an act of faith by the Council in the Association itself. Just as with the purchase of the original Clan House the Association will have incurred a financial burden, which must be paid off as soon as possible. In addition, before any move can take place into the extension to the, Museum, it must be furnished, and, the cost of providing the furniture is over and above the post of the building itself. I am delighted to learn that my Appeal at the last Rally has already borne -some fruit in that a substantial sum, hag been subscribed from members south of the border. I am sure that all members would like to be able to take a personal interest in the furnishing of the Museum. To help you to do so, I invite you to subscribe towards a Furnishing Fund and to send your donations to Councillor Hugh Macpherson; and second, I propose that the name of members or of families or of groups, who individually or collectively give a donation of �0s. Od. or more should be inscribed on the article of furniture which this donation helps to provide.

      I hope that many of you will find it possible to support the Clan Association in this way, either by an individual gift or jointly with other members.

      Finally, may I say that the Curator is always anxious to obtain new items for exhibition in the new museum, and the intention is to have a modern section -- part of which will deal with the founding and early years of the Clan Macpherson Association. Photographs, or

------------------------------------------------------------------370-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------371--------------------------------------------------------------

other reminders of the early Rallies and of the Opening of the Clan House would be most gratefully received -- if any member has such in his possession, which he would like to donate. Items of interest associated with, or collected by members of the Association in recent years would also be gratefully received -- particularly if accompanied by an explanatory legend.

      I look forward to seeing you at the 1970 Rally.

A. I. S. MACPHERSON
Chairman

________________________

WEDDING OF HON. SECRETARY

      Our Secretary, John M. Barton, W.S. was, on the 3rd of January, 1970, married to Gertrude (Gertie) Cheyne at Woodside, Congregational Church, Aberdeen. Their picture facing page 369 shows the happy pair braving the winter snow on, their way from the Church., The couple were married by the Rev. John Cheyne, brother of the bride. John's brother William was best man and the chief bridesmaid was Gertie's sister Elizabeth. The other bridesmaids were Christine Barton from Edinburgh and Jennifer and Katie Jackson from Aberlemno. Councillor Hugh Macpherson of Edinburgh piped the happy couple out of the Church.

________________________

FROM THE TOP OF CREAG DHUBH
Failt' ort fhein a Chluanaidh -- Welcome Cluny

      This is a joyous year for us all, for this is the first year, of our young Cluny's Chieftainship. We were there on that great historic moment when he came to present himself as the new Cluny to his people in the Hall in Newtonmore during the Rally in 1969.

      His honesty, sincerity and ability showing itself in every word and gesture he made.

      Cousins, he called us, as indeed we are all in varying degrees. His manner manly; his enunciation clear and inspiring, his thoughts lofty; he told us that it was his sorrow that succession could only follow death, and while we sorrow for the loss of his revered and beloved Father it is good to see such a fine-looking Cluny in -our midst again ,to lead our Clan as our chiefs led our forefathers in the days before the Dispersal -- the Diaspora -- of our Clan.

      What a lucky generation we are! Can we deny that (since the days of Ewen the 22nd Chief in Victorian times) our chiefs have either, been

------------------------------------------------------------------371-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------372--------------------------------------------------------------

infirm or in the evenings of their days? Worthy and excellent men but not the young able Cluny we have in our new Chief.

      He is our King. The inspiration and rallying point of our name and our septs. For a crown he wears the bonnet and the three feathers of chieftainship. For the purple he wears our tartans. Study the front cover again and you will see the profile of a King. May God have his richest gifts in store for him and his.

      Failt' ort fhein, a Chluanaidh -- Welcome Cluny. Hail to the Chief. Ceud mile failte -- A Hundred Thousand Welcomes.

___________________

GLENTRUIM
      Members of the Association are proud to know that Mrs. A. Katharine Macpherson, Proprietrix of Glentrium Estate, is the owner of a Macpherson Estate in Badenoch which has been in the same Macpherson family for many generations. Mrs. A. Katharine Macpherson of Glentruim is one of the Honorary Vice-Presidents and continues to take a great and valid active part in the Association not only in Badenoch but throughout the County of Inverness.
___________________

[Celtic Congresses and] JULIUS POKORNY
      There are two different sponsors of Celtic Congresses consisting of FIRSTLY those run by the six national branches of the Celtic Congress which holds every year a congress in one of the six Celtic Countries -- in Scotland, or the Isle of Man or Ireland or Wales or Cornwall or Britany. The address of the Scottish branch secretary of this form of the Celtic Congress can be obtained from the Headquarters of An Comunn Gaidhealach, Abertarff House, Inverness.

       SECONDLY the Celtic Congresses run by Universities of each of the above Celtic nations. This is the form of the Celtic Congress that takes up our attention here. Such a Congress was sponsored by Edinburgh University in July 1967. Some of the details and a few of the papers of this inspiring and happy event are to be found in Volume 12 (Part One) of "Scottish Studies" published in 1968 by Edinburgh University's School of Scottish Studies, 27 George Square, Edinburgh 8. Copies at 12/6d to which postage must be added may be obtained from the School of Scottish Studies or from the Editor of Creag Dhubh.

      During the magnificent Reception by the Solicitor-General for Scotland in the Banquetting Hall of Edinburgh Castle, Professor Pokorny as the doyen of the scholars there assembled addressed the company.

------------------------------------------------------------------372-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------373--------------------------------------------------------------

      It was a great honour to have Professor Pokorny speak, because in himself a brilliant scholar, he was also, in his eighties, a link with the wonderful galaxy of Celtic scholarship of the nineteenth. century.

      Again for those wishing to delve further, the best bibliography of last century's and the early part of this century's Celtic Scholarship there is in two volumes known as Irish Philology etc. published by the Institute for Advanced Studies, 10 Burlington Road, Dublin 4, Ireland One must recognize that although described as "Irish" it is of considerable interest to all Scots, and, anyway the Irish are well known to have a weakness for trying to claim everything Celtic even when not strictly entitled to any more than their share! But since they devised this excellent bibliography and paid for it out of their pockets, they should be allowed a bit more latitude.

      But to return to Professor Pokorny, he used the occasion to explain that as doyen of the scholars of Gaelic and Celtic there assembled in Edinburgh Castle, it was but fitting to tell who had inspired him to devote his life to Celtic scholarship. It was no other than James Macpherson of Ossianic fame. He then said that James Macpherson (see Creag Dhubh 1961) and his Clan were to be praised because he was able by his writings he really inspired virtually all Celtic scholarship throughout the world today'- a wonderful feat for any man. Though Macpherson's "Ossian" was almost entirely the fruits of his imagination it was founded on a genuine Scottish Gaelic Ossianic tradition that lives to this day. Professor Pokorny spoke so warmly on behalf of James Macpherson and the Clan that application was made to the Council of the Association and to Cluny to allow full associate membership of the Clan to be bestowed on Profess of Pokorny. This unique honour was embodied in and given legal force by a Declaration of Title which is produced here. lt was submitted to the Lord Lyon King of Arms for his personal revisal and approval prior to signature by Cluny and by the Secretary of the Association.

      It is good that the Clan and the Association has the ability to honour those outwith the clan who serve us well by extending full associate membership towards them as burghs can confer freedoms, as Universities can confer doctorates, and as Sovereigns can confer knighthoods and honours.

      It is especially excellent that the first person so honoured is the genial, warmhearted scholar, Professor Julius Pokorny.

IT IS HEREBY DECLARED that JULIUS POKORNY, Professor of Celtic and Gaelic Scholar, D.Litt. Celt. honoris causa of the National University of Ireland at Dublin and of the University of Edinburgh, Doctor Phil, honoris causa of the University of Wales at Swansea, residing at Bleicherweg Fifteen, Zurich Two, Switzerland, Has right to full associate membership
------------------------------------------------------------------373-------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------374--------------------------------------------------------------

of the Clan Macpherson as, and in all ways as a clansman born into the said Clan or any of its Septs under the tutelage of Cluny Macpherson, Chief of Clan Macpherson and within the Confederation of Clan Chattan with a right to use of its War-cry "Creag Dhubh; Chloinn Chatain", the white heather, boxwood or whortleberry, with right to use the wildcat crest within a strap and buckle bearing the legend "Touch not the cat but a glove" or Na bean do'n chat gun lamhainn and to wearing and enjoying all or any of the Macpherson tartans red, grey or white and to attendance at all rallies, meetings and gatherings of the said Clan and its Association now and in all time coming: Which said Associate Membership was conferred upon the said Julius Pokorny by Resolution of the Council of the said Clan Macpherson Association sitting at Newtonmore on the fourth day of August Nineteen hundred and Sixty-seven and which Resolution is recorded in the Minutes of the said Clan Association; Which declaration is with the consent and approbation of the said Cluny Macpherson, made by me John MacLean Barton, Writer to Her Majesty's Signet, Honorary Secretary of the Clan Macpherson Association: IN WITNESS WHEREOF these presents are subscribed by the said John MacLean Barton at Edinburgh on the Seventh day of March Nineteen hundred and sixtyeight before these witnesses T. A. S. Macpherson, Chartered Surveyor, Chairman of the Edinburgh Branch of the said Association and Archibald Cameron Macpherson, Solicitor, Treasurer, of the said Association Branch; and by the said Cluny Macpherson at Blairgowrie on the Twelfth day of the month and year last mentioned. before these witnesses Agnes Milne and William Andrew Milne, Spouses, Cherry Row, Blairgowrie.
Signed
Mrs. Agnes Milne, Witness


Alan Macpherson of Cluny
William A. Milne, Witness
T. A. S. Macpherson, Witness


John M. Barton
Archd. C. Macpherson, Witness



____________________

THE 1969 RALLY
by Gilleasbuig Lachlainn 'Illeasbuig

      Perhaps it is our Christian upbringing but we have felt the Rally like the references to going up to Jerusalem once a year when Jews from all over the world gather in Jerusalem. That is their spiritual home as Badenoch is our spiritual home.

      It never ceased to move us to mingle, dance, laugh and enjoy the all-too-brief company of fellow clansfolk at the Rally, after all these long miles and generations that have scattered us since the Diaspora

------------------------------------------------------------------374---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------375--------------------------------------------------------------

(dispersal) of our Clan. Equally it gives us much of a thrill to hear that a fellow clansman or clanswoman has settled in Badenoch as it gives Ben Gurion to hear of the return of Jews to Israel!

      We rolled up at the Duke of Gordon Hotel in Kingussie on the evening of Friday, 1st August, 1969. It was like a reception in Cluny Castle in the old days when the clan lived together in Badenoch, there were old familiar faces and new friends to meet and the most sumptuous of royal feasts to delight the inner man (and woman). No King and his court ever dined so magnificently as we did that night in the Duke of Gordon ... and the music and dancing went on till the wee sma' hours.

      Next morning we were deeply moved to see our new Chief's induction at the Annual General Meeting at the Village Hall, in Newtonmore. We were moved to hear him that it was his sorrow that only by a death there was succession.

      We had scarcely gathered at Old Ralia when the rain came on, but it had its compensations, we were given shelter in one of the outhouses and squeezed in, having a grand crack.

      The sun soon shone and the rain dried up and what a thrill it was to join our own loyal clansmen marching as of old -- warriors with sword in hand, and kilts a-swinging. The City of Glasgow Police Pipe Band led us to the ages old Games Field (an t-Eilean) with the rousing strains of ... 'S fheudar dhomh fhinn a bhi falbh dhachaidh direach . . .

      The Games were great feats of manliness and colour never to be forgotten.

      The evening came only too soon to find us again in the regal splendour of the Duke of Gordon, but instead of the Ball we were thrilled to one of the very finest ceilidhs we ever attended. The song and music were of the very highest order, and what is more the sheer verve and finesse on the part of the Highland dancers would have graced a great Ballet School. Not wee lassies, with all due respect to them, but great magnificent heroes of men pounding the boards ...

       We suppose that on the Sunday morning in St. Columba's Parish Church, Kingussie, we should have kept our entire attention and thoughts entirely on divine things but we could not help feeling very happy that we had such fine looking able leaders of our clan as Archie our Chairman and Cluny our Chief. They presented such fine-looking figures and their ennunciation of their readings from the Scriptures were flawless and in' spiring ...

      Too soon the Kirk doors opened and we were blinking in the sunshine ...

      Apart from an excursion to a place of interest in our very own Badenoch, the land of our fathers, the Rally was over for another year.

------------------------------------------------------------------375---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------376--------------------------------------------------------------

      We cannot wait for next year's Rally in 1970 for all the joy of going through it again and meeting our cousins again -- for we are all cousins of some degree.

      Chi sinn am Baideanach sibh aig cruinneachadh Clann-a-Phearsain -- We'll be seeing you in badenoch at the Clan Macpherson Rally in 1970.

____________
Notice of the 1970 Rally and AGM
Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------376---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------377--------------------------------------------------------------

Program for the 1970 rally
Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------377---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------378--------------------------------------------------------------

Advertisment for Pederson箂 Gaelic Map of Scotland
------------------------------------------------------------------378---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------379--------------------------------------------------------------

______________

REPORTS FROM THE BRANCHES
Not included here


------------------------------------------------------------------380---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------382--------------------------------------------------------------

Reports from the Branches

________________

OBITUARY
REV. A. GORDON MACPHERSON, D.D.

      We record, with regret, the death on June 11th 1969, of the Rev. Dr. A. Gordon Macpherson, Minister Emeritus of Riversdale Presbyterian Church, Toronto, and Hon. Chaplain to the North American Branch of the Clan Macpherson Association, in his 79th year.       Born at Bay. St. Lawrence, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Westminster Hall, Vancouver, B.C., and his Bachelor of Divinity degree from Knox College, Toronto. His education was interrupted by the outbreak of war in 1914 when he enlisted as a Private with The Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry and went overseas with the university company from McGill. After service at the front as a Private he received his commission with the 5th Northumberland Fusiliers and remained with the regiment in the Army of Occupation in Germany after the Armistice was signed. In 1920, he resumed his theological studies at Westminster Hall.

------------------------------------------------------------------382---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------383--------------------------------------------------------------

      Dr. Macpherson. was ordained at St. Columba's Church, Vancouver, and served there from 1923 to 1925. He was Minister at St. Andrew's Church, New Westminster, B.C., from 1925 to 1930; at Knox Church, Listowel, Ontario, from 1930 to 1936; and at Riverdale Church, Toronto, from 1936 to 1963. Riverdale Church, at one point during Dr. Macpherson's ministry, was the largest Presbyterian congregation in Canada and also enjoyed the largest enrollment of Sunday School scholars. He retired in 1963 after 27 years at Riverdale Church and over 40 years in the Presbyterian ministry.

      Dr. Macpherson was a keen student of history and took a particular interest in the history of the Clan Macpherson. He was a staunch supporter of the Canadian Branch of the Association and, as Regional Chairman for Toronto, was host to, many of our most successful Clan Rallies.

      The funeral service was conducted by the Moderator of Presbytery, Rev W. W. MacNeill, and the. Association was represented by the Chairman, Lloyd C.. MacPherson.

      We extend our sympathy to Mrs. Macpherson; her daughter, Mrs. Lawrie Taylor, and her two sons, R. Gordon M., Hon. Secretary of the N.A. Branch, and Bruce D., Regional Chairman for Winnipeg.

ALSO --
      CLAUDE S. RICHARDSON, Q.C., Montreal, Quebec.
      GEORGE A. MACPHERSON, Buffalo, N.Y.
      Mrs. Jessie Macpherson, Inverness
      Rev. A. G. Macpherson, MD., Toronto
      Mrs. Mary Guthrie, Newtonmore.
      Mrs. Catherine J. McLean, Sydney, Australia,
      The Hon. Norah Macpherson, Iver Heath, Bucks.
      Miss Ella Paterson, Goathland, York.
      Mrs. Margaret O. Macpherson, Matlock, Derbyshire

________________

BIRTHS

      On 5th May 1970, to Sandy and Catherine Macpherson, "Caerkelton", 39 Swanston Avenue, Edinburgh, a daughter, Alison Catriona Stewart.

------------------------------------------------------------------383---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------384--------------------------------------------------------------

Museum Appeal by Hugh Macpherson

Not included here
------------------------------------------------------------------384---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------385--------------------------------------------------------------

Museum Appeal respondees

------------------------------------------------------------------385---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------386--------------------------------------------------------------

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

Shilfies
Lasswade
Midlothian

Dear Editor,
      May I first congratulate you on these productions of Creag Dhubh. They are quite excellent and have a certain dignity which is very fitting.

      I hope I am not too late in sending you the enclosed corrections on p. 288 -- Part of the pedigree of the Macphersons of Pitmain. I am sure for the sake of later pedigree searchers that any mistakes should be corrected. I only hope I have made the corrections clear.

Yours sincerely,

PHYLLIS K. TOD.

      On page 288 of Creag Dhubh (1969) -- LINE 25 (p. 288) should, to be correct, read:
"son, Andrew b. 1924 -- June Thornton and 2 dams!!"
      Further information re dams: (probably unnecessary here as follows: Priscilla b. 1928 m. Col. A. P. Smith and has issue -- Elizabeth, b. 1930, m. Graham Johnson.
NOTE: These corrections have not been made to the 1969 issue.
***

5 Moad Street Crange, 2800 N.S.W. Australia

Dear Sir,
      Very many thanks for your letter of October 27th last and for the subsequent receipt of the copy of "Scottish Studies". This article is most interesting. What a pity that so much information was lost in the past, though it is good to see that so much interest is now being shown in the collection and recording of information regarding the Clan.

      You may be interested to know that my Mother, now in her 87th year, has recently donated to the New National Gallery and Art Centre of Victoria, St. Kilda Road, Melbourne, a set of four Japanese lacquered pictures and one, similar screen. These were taken to England by my paternal grandfather and later brought out here. These have been accepted and will be on show with a plaque acknowledging the gift as "A donation from the Macpherson family". This is her wording.

      My Mother obviously, meant our particular family but it can be looked on as a donation from the whole Macpherson family.

      Many thanks, also, for passing on my thanks to Mr. R. G. M. Macpherson regarding his answer to my query on the "Synphas".

With kind regards, Yours sincerely,

A. J. MACPHERSON (Archibald James Macpherson)

P.S. -- My Uncle Reginald George Macpherson died on January 27th, 1968, aged either 90 or 91 years. Article and photograph in Creag Dhubh 1966.

------------------------------------------------------------------386---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------387--------------------------------------------------------------

406 Main Street
Rutherglen
by Glasgow

Dear Sir,
      I was thrilled when my brother told me on New Years morning of your broadcast "That's My Clan". My brother is John Macpherson too and the namesake of the one who went to South America. My Grandmother, Jean McPherson was the only child of his marriage to Ann Dallas. John McPherson at that time had three sailing vessels which took six weeks sailing to America and six weeks sailing back. My Grandmother was born in one of her Father's ships three weeks out from America. Ross and Cromarty was the home port and she claimed this as her birthplace. She always said she was one of the McPhersons of BAL-LOCH whatever that means.

      I would like to know more about my Great-Grandfather's new family. We only know after he heard my Grandmother was dying of smallpox he sailed away without further enquiry to South America and married a Spaniard.

      However, my Grandmother lived to tell the tale and many more to be passed on.

      I do hope you can enlighten me further as to the South American side of our family.

Wishing you every success, I am, Yours sincerely,

MARGARET L. DICK

P.S. -- My brother is John McPherson Dick.
***

Extract of letter from Miss V. M. Macpherson, Flat 1, 11 Parkhurst Road, Bexhill on-Sea, Sussex.
      ... One of my aunts was also very interested in "Count Ferzen" of the French Revolution. She told me that before World War I, a lawyer grandson had made enquiries at the War Office (which proved negative) hoping to establish that our ancestor, Dr. Hugh Macpherson of Aberdeen and "Count Ferzen" were the same person. The War Office had his name on their Records, that was all. There was some correspondence in, I think, The Scotsman at the same time. Perhaps some new evidence may have come to light.

      After qualifying in medicine at Aberdeen, Dr. Hugh Macpherson went on a post-graduate course to Paris, and was caught up in the Revolution. The next we know was that he was in the army for a short while, and then for no known reason abandoned medicine to become Professor of Greek at Aberdeen University where he remained. He could not have had anything against the medical profession for three of his sons became doctors.

      The physical description of "Count Ferzen" fitted him for he was very tall (6 ft. 2 in.) and blue eyed. We have a miniature of him. When my grandfather once asked him about "Count Ferzen" he was only told that one of the family had spelt his name in that way.

      Dr. Hugh Macpherson's father -- the Rev. Martin Macpherson was a minister in the Isle of Skye before he went to Golspie, but I don't know who his father was. One of the family had a school in Skye, but many were ministers and lived at Sleat. Far back there was a "Red Abbott". Sir John Macpherson who got mixed up with Warren Hastings was related to Martin of Golspie; and I think that James Macpherson of Ossian fame was a connection.

------------------------------------------------------------------387---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------388--------------------------------------------------------------

SIR,
      Following the church services in Kingussie during the Rally last summer, I had a pleasant visit with Major James [JE] Macpherson and Mr. Fraser Macpherson during which the name of Major General James Birdseye McPherson entered into our conversation. I mentioned that the General was a cousin of my grandmother, whose maiden name was Mary Ann McPherson, and that he was born and grew up in Clyde, Ohio near my grandmother's home. This led to my being asked if I could obtain pictures of the General and the statue of him in Washington, D.C., and submit these with a writeup of the General to you for inclusion in the Creag Dhubh. I replied that I would be happy to do so.

      After returning to Washington, I obtained from the U.S. Department of Interior a good picture of the General's statue in McPherson Park and entered into correspondence with the President of the Historical Society of Sandusky County for pictures of the General, his old home, and the statue of him at Clyde, Ohio, where he grew up. This correspondence extended over some time. Meanwhile, I became very busy at my office and, in short, the close of 1968 found this project not completed.

      In March of this spring Mrs. Jarrett and I stopped in Atlanta, Georgia, when driving home from a little trip to Florida, and looked up the site of the Civil War battle of Atlanta. We took pictures of the monument marking the spot where the general was killed in that battle.

      So, you see, I have acquired a few materials together with references to documents in the War Department, the Archives, and the Library of Congress here in Washington. As I plan to retire from my position with the U.S. Treasury Department the first week in September, I will have time this fall to concentrate on this subject which I find very interesting.

      If you believe you would be interested in receiving the pictures and writeup, I should be able to send them to you before the end of 1969. While I shall have more pictures than you would probably wish to use in the Creag Dhubh, the Macpherson Museum might like to have them now that I understand their facilities have been expanded. Also, a considerable amount has been written about General McPherson. I assume, however, you could use only a brief account with, possibly, some reference to other principal sources for the benefit of anyone who wished to delve further into this subject. I am wondering, therefore, how much space -- how many words -- you would care to give it.

      I should appreciate hearing at your convenience what material, if any, you would care to receive.

Cordially,

JAMES MACPHERSON JARRETT.

7017 Wilson Lane,
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.
***

SIR,
      For many years I have been trying, without success, to trace the place in Scotland or Ireland where my great, great, great, great-grandfather, Robert McPherson, was born, where he lived as a young man and from where he emigrated to the New World.

      From the meager records that I have, it is believed that he was the son of Robert McPherson of Parish Cladou, near Rosenkillen, Ireland, and that he was born in 1689. It is unknown whether he was born in Ireland or in Scotland inasmuch as his father and mother might have come to Ireland from Scotland after his birth. My records also indicate that he was married around 1728 (where is unknown) to Janet McElwee, whose name sometimes appears as Janet McIlvaine. He and his wife, Janet, came to the Province of Pennsylvania sometime between 1735 and 1738 and settled in York County in what was then called the, "Marsh Creek Settlement,"

------------------------------------------------------------------388---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------389--------------------------------------------------------------

which today is near the historic town of Gettysburg. Robert and Janet brought with them to the Settlement their son, Robert, Jr., who is believed to have been born on June 10, 1730 in central Ireland. Robert died in 1749, his wife, Janet, in 1767, in or near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, where both are buried.

      Some evidence that Robert and Janet McPherson had come to Pennsylvania from Ireland is found in the will of Janet wherein she bequeathed � "unto my Sister Margaret Starrard, Alias McElwee, in Ireland". If "alias" means that Margaret's maiden name was Margaret McElwee, it is fair to assume that Janet's maiden name was Janet McElwee, or possibly, Janet McIlvaine, as it sometimes appears in our family records.

      I would greatly appreciate your including this letter in the 1970 edition of Creag Dhubh with the hope that some members of the Clan Macpherson Association might be able to furnish me further information concerning Robert and Janet McPherson's places of birth, when and from where they emigrated to America, and any additional information concerning them or their antecedents.

Sincerely yours,

EDWARD R. MCPHERSON, JR.

1 Atlantic Street, Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.A.
***

THE EDITOR,
CREAG DHUBH.

SIR,
      In last year's Creag Dhubh I offered my version of the early history of the Clan.

      One of the ancestors of the Clan was GRUOCH, granddaughter of Kenneth III known to the ungodly as Lady Macbeth, whose second husband was MACBETH, King of Scotland, 1040-1057.

      It is this pair of people whose good name I must re-establish, after the gross and malicious damage done to the same by one strolling-player and royal boot-licker, Shakespeare, William, of the Globe Theatre, London.

MACBETH, the truth
      One might also think, not before time.

      One of the most well-established calumnies on an historical figure of all time is the vicious travesty of the story of Macbeth Mhicfindleach Vicruairdri, King of Alban, 1040-1057, as perpetrated by Shakespeare, playwright and strolling player of Stratford on Avon and London.

      What his motives must have been will be shown later.

      Shakespeare portrayed GRUOCH nighean BODHE (otherwise and less accurately known as Lady Macbeth) as an arch-schemer and callous murderess.

      He misrepresented Macbeth as a murderer of his liege lord, Duncan I.

      He also said that Macbeth had murdered his colleague, BANQUO.

      Duncan, according to Shakespeare, was an old man, much the senior of Macbeth.

      When the truth about the Macbeth insurrection is known it will be seen that the alleged Bard was an apt fore-runner of the late unlamented Josef Goebbels. The truth is that GRUOCH according to the evidence available, was an innocent party in the tortuous affairs of the time, and that when she became Queen, she was a Royal lady who performed heir duties properly and efficiently.

      Macbeth killed the King in a properly conducted and legitimate insurrection. It is by no means clear, however, that he actually killed Duncan himself. Banquo, more properly BANCO Thegn of Lochaber, was not murdered by Macbeth, but lost his life when he tried to revolt against the King in 1045.

      Duncan was born in 1001, whereas Macbeth was born in 1004, only three years later.

------------------------------------------------------------------389---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------390--------------------------------------------------------------

      The stage for the Macbeth insurrection was set in 843 A.D. when Kenneth MacAlpin, who was of Scots origin and hitherto had been king of Dalriada, became the king of the new united kingdom of ALBAN. The actual plot against the king at the time was a plot against the Scots dynasty as a whole and started to take shape in 999 A.D., five years before the birth of Macbeth, at the latest possible.

      The political situation which obtained in the early days of what we now know as Scotland was as follows:
           i. The Southwestern part of the country, DALRIADA, around the Mull of Kintyre etc., was colonised by the Scots from Ireland, and was ruled by their kings as set out in my letter on the early ancestry of the Clan last year.

           ii. The far Southern portion was under people of British derivation and was known as STRATHCLYDE.
           iii. The far Northern part was under the rule of the Norwegians.
           iv. That which was left, PICTAVIA, was a collection of PICT tribes who were about the only people who were truly native to the country, as far as anyone can be termed native.

      here is a list of Kings of Pictavia, but none of the names is well known. The list of Scottish kings has already been shewn, and these were, from the PICT point of view, foreigners. The Pict point of view however was not expressed by the actions of the Kings of Pictavia, but by another authority which ruled the kingdom of Pictavia, the MORMAERS.

      There were seven of these MORMAERS. The name MORMAER means "Great Steward" or "Great Servant". Their duties included protecting the coasts of the land from the constant depredations of pirates from the East and Northeast. Each MORMAER was a chief of the local tribe, and therefore was native and Pictish.

      I takes little imagination to believe that these Mormaers took little or no notice of their kings, and that they behaved exactly as kings in their own several provinces. There is little mention of any of these Mormaers except one line in particular, the Mormaers of MORAY. This province in those days was much larger than the present Moray, and took in large stretches of the country around the Firth of Dornoch. I gave a list of the Mormears of Moray in my letter of last year. In the old records the word RI meant both KING and also MORMAER.

      In the year 843 A.D. Dalriada and Pictavia were united by force to form the kingdom of ALBAN. The first king of Alban was Kenneth Macalpin, who had hitherto been the last king of Dalriada, and was naturally the bugbear of all good Picts. The fact that he very circumspectly married a Pict Princess did not do him any good either in the eyes of the Mormaers.

       Now the kings of Dalriada had followed the same lateral laws of succession as had the Picts, and the system was kept up until the time of Malcolm II (1009 -1034 A.D.). This system was designed to obviate the possibility of the authority over a tribe or kingdom being in the hands of a minor or in the hands of his possibly unscrupulous entourage. Not that it prevented a great deal of internecine warfare whenever a king died. A king was not succeeded by his son, but by his brothers in turn until the supply of brothers ran out. Even if the king's son attained his majority during the reign of one of his uncles, he still had to wait until there were no more uncles left. Possibly some aspirant sons found a way of reducing the waiting period. We have an example of this when we see in the Annals of Ulster for the year 1032, footnote 4, Vol. 1, page 564 that Macbeth's father was killed by Macbeth's cousins, Maelcolm and Gillecomgan MacMaelbridge. Moreover, it had long been an ancient custom for successions to be matrilinear, and though the custom appears to be in abeyance whilst there are plenty of males about, it is resuscitated from time to time, as, for example when the sixth chief of Clanachattan died and his chieftainship devolved upon his daughter EVA, who married the Macintosh and thereby stored up trouble for the Clan, A.D. 1291.

      The nigger in the Macbeth woodpile was MALCOLM II.

       He reigned for a long time by the standards of the time, hence it follows that he was pretty effective in dealing with rivals. Up to the time of his succession (1009), the old laws of succession had applied. Also, up to the time of his death, and except

------------------------------------------------------------------390---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------391--------------------------------------------------------------

for a short time until his great grandson Malcolm III Ceannmor during which there was peace (of a sort), and thereafter, there was constant plot, counterplot, revolt and reaction between the Scots dynasty and the Picts, led by the Mormaers of Moray.

      Now Malcolm II is alleged to have seen off the following people who represented a threat to the continuation of the Scot hegemony:
           Kenneth III.
           Bodhe, father of GRUOCH, A.D. 1033.
           Gilcomgain (mentioned above 1029), first husband of Gruoch, A.D. 1032.

      I take it you are now beginning to see the light? He is also alleged to have killed Gruoch's nephew. (Annals of the Four Masters , Vol. 11, page 740, A.D. 998-999, footnote 5.).

      Malcolm II is also alleged to have done the Gilcomgain job very efficiently in that fifty men were burnt along with Gilcomgain. Ultimately Malcolm II was left high and dry with only one opponent remaining.

      It rather looks as though Malcolm II, like so many others, died just a little too soon, leaving his lifework unfinished, with Macbeth still alive and kicking.

      Now, until 1032 Gruoch had been the wife of Gilcomgain, Mormaer of Moray. Macbeth not only succeeded to the Maermorship on the death of his cousin but also to the hand of Gruoch. She had no children by Macbeth, but she had a son LULACH, who became the king for a short time on the death of his stepfather, 1057-8 A.D.

      Here must have been a pretty situation. Gruoch could have had very little love for Malcolm II and Macbeth would have had still less. Not only did neither of them have any love for Malcolm II and all his doubtful works, but they both had a strong claim to the throne in each of their own rights.

      Gruoch was the granddaughter of Kenneth III, and had her father BODHE not been liquidated she would have been the daughter of a King of Alban.

      Macbeth is described as either the nephew or the grandson of Malcolm II. The Chronicle of Huntingdon reports him as having been the nephew, but I reckon that in view of the contemporaneity of Duncan and Macbeth, it is more likely that they would have been cousins.

      Motives are by now pretty obvious. Dynastic rivalry is allied to personal hatred. The plot had virtually laid itself.

      The whole thing was triggered off by Malcolm II himself. It was a matter of Y-chromosomes. He had no sons, but only three daughters.

      Because he had no male rivals to the throne, it follows that he had no one to whom he could leave the throne, hence the lateral laws of succession could not be put into effect, unless he wanted Macbeth to be his heir. This of course was the last thing any good Scot king would want.

      Therefore Malcolm II laid down a new (for Alban) revolutionary law, whereby the line of succession should be a vertical line via his descendants. The fact that his descendants were female was no obstacle, as shewn above. His descendants were the three ladies:
           i. BEATRICE, who married CRINAN the Lay Abbott of DUNKELD, by whom she had a son, DUNCAN. He became King Duncan I in 1034. Now Crinan was no mere abbott, he was a soldier who backed his fatherin-law to the hilt, as well he might.
           ii. BETHOC, who married SIGURD the STOUT, EARL of Norwegian Scotland. Between them they had a character named THORFINN, of whom later. This marriage looks like a bit of political palliation by Malcolm II, not one of his cleverest acts.
           iii. DONADA, who married FINDLEACH macRUAIRDRI. Perhaps this was another shot at a pacificatory marriage. The union was blest by MACBETH.[*]

      Hence, in one fell swoop, the new law not only legitimised the succession of Duncan, it also legitimised the claim of Macbeth to the throne. Not only his claim, but also that of THORFINN. It must have represented quite a cosy little party.

___________

[The foregoing genealogy is the more commonly accepted one. However, the Scottish novelist, Dorothy Dunnet offers a different one in her novel The King Hereafter in which she claims that Macbeath and Thorfinn were the same person. She bases her view on extensive research that she conduct reading through ancient Norwegian historical documents. Her overall credibility is such that one cannot reject her views out of hand. In any event, the first wife of Malcolm III (often called Ceannmor), the slayer of both Macbeth and Luloch, was Thorfinn箂 daughter and it isn箃 clear how she was eased out so Ceannmor could take a second wife -- Margaret, the Saxon refugee from William of Normandy. Her sons and their progeny ruled Scotland up until the time of the Bruce who too could claim descent from the sainted Margaret.]

------------------------------------------------------------------391---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------392--------------------------------------------------------------

      The final detonation came when Duncan marched north to attack the Norwegians to put into effect one of his grandfather's rare political ineptitudes. (It was Duncan, and not Macbeth, who was the enemy of the Norwegians). Promptly and inevitably, the two cousins, Thorfinn and Macbeth, combined. Duncan recoiled southwards after failing to deal with the Norwegians and fell victim to the army of Macbeth at Bothgowan in 1040, where he finally bit the dust. Thereafter, by agreement, Thorfinn carried on his rule in the north and Macbeth took over the throne of Alban. Which, one must confess, is what Duncan had been begging for.

      There can be little doubt that the circumstances and actions which led to the defeat in battle and death of Duncan were unavoidable. Malcolm II must have been impelled to do what he did do throughout his reign if he was determined to keep the dynasty Scottish, which on the face of it, was a perfectly legitimate motive. The fact that he had only three daughters and no brothers laid the trail to the barrel unerringly. The barrel had always been there since before his accession in 1009. It was also inevitable that his successor and grandson should march North to implement one of his grandfather's doubtful political moves of the past, which led to his defeat and death.

      Now what were the motives of Shakespeare in representing that Macbeth had been a murderer, etc.?

      James I had for years been engaged in controversy, plot and counterplot against those who held that his succession to the throne was not valid. One particular party against him was that which supported the claim to the throne of another Stuart, Lady Arabella. I don't think that the Gunpowder Plot is admissible as evidence for the existence of a plot in view of the suspicion that the Gunpowder Plot was a machination by Government agents provocateurs. There had also been a conflict between James I and [the Earl of] MORAY (not of the MORMAER family), brother of Mary Queen of Scots on the subject.

      Two historians of the time were BOECE and FORDUN. Both of these maintained that Macbeth had been an usurper and that he had murdered Bancho, then of Lochaber. James I was very fond of maintaining that he was a true descendant of Bancho. Hence there will have been great kudos to be made out of being rude about the man who was alleged to have murdered him. (In actual fact Bancho had been legitimately killed when he rebelled against Macbeth in 1045). It rather looks as though Shakespeare had climbed on to the bandwagon.

      What was his source other than the two gentry mentioned above? The main source for Shakespeare was The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland written by Ralph Holinshead in 1577. In this work the main events were described as they did in fact occur, without the murder motif. This was borrowed from the story in the same work on the subject of a much previous rebellion by one of the Macdonalds, but the murder which was therein written was switched by Shakespeare into the Macbeth narrative.

      There is on record in a complete volume of Shakespeare's works by R. and A. Suttaby the following:

"James I was pleased with his own hand to write an amicable letter to Master Shakespeare . . ."
      The British Encyclopaedia, Odhams Press, 1933 says, "Macbeth, this play was written to please James, hence the subject was taken from Scottish History, and hence the allusions to demonology, upon which the King had written a book, and to the healing of serofula [sic] by the King's touch". The date of publication is given as 1606, a year after the Gunpowder Plot. It also goes on to say, "The legends which gradually gathered round the name of Macbeth were collected by John of Fordun and Hector Boece, and reproduced by Holinshead in his Chronicle, and they were found by Shakespeare!

      If you are still doubtful of my contention that Shakespeare was given to sycophancy towards his Sovereigns read Cranmer's speech at the end of the play Henry VIII.

------------------------------------------------------------------392---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------393--------------------------------------------------------------

      To quote this sickening drivel: HENRY VIII, Act V., Scene IV. (Concerning Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII) --

"But as when the bird of wonder dies, the maiden pheonix, Her ashes now create another heir, As great in admiration as herself; So shall she leave her blessedness to one, (When Heaven shall call her from this cloud of darkness), Who, from the sacred ashes of her honour, Shall star-like rise, as great in fame as she was, And so stand fixed and so on ad nauseam."
      There can be little doubt that for not very pretty human motives Shakespeare represented Macbeth and Gruoch as inhuman monsters, and there can be little doubt that the vast majority of people regard this foul lie as the truth. What is also sure is that no Macpherson should tolerate for a minute anything other than the truth, which I have tried to present, and to uphold it when the ignorant and ungodly make slighting references to their ancestor and her husband.
Yours sincerely,

JOHN BAXTER.

65 Canterbury Road, Redcar, Yorkshire.
***

CHANGE OF ADDRESS

Not included here

***

EMIGRANTS FROM SCOTLAND TO AMERICA, 1774-1775
Copied from a loose bundle of Treasury Papers in the Public Record Office, London. Viola Root Cameron: Pub.: Genealogical Publishing, Scottish Central Library: 325.241

Port Greenock for New York (3 Feb.--10 Feb. 1774) "Commerce" Duncan Ferguson, Master.

    James Murdoch of Glasgow, Gardener For poverty and to get bread
    Archibald Murdoch of Paisley, Weaver      do.      do.

Lerwick "Bachelor" of Leith for Wilmington, North Carolina. Alexr. Ramage, Master.

JOHN CANANOCK. Aged fifty years, by trade a farmer, married hath 4 children from 19 to 7 years old; resided last at Chabster in the Parish of Rae (sic) in the County of Caithness, upon the Estate of Mr. Alexr. Nicolson Minister at Thurso. Intends to go to Wilmington in North Carolina; left his own country because crops failed, Bread became dear, the rents of his possession were raised from Two to Five Pounds Sterling, besides his pasture or common grounds were taken up by placing new tenants thereon, especially
------------------------------------------------------------------393---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------394--------------------------------------------------------------

the grounds adjacent to his farm, which were the only grounds on which his cattle pastured. That this method of parking and placing tenants on the pasture grounds rendered his farm useless, his cattle died for want of grass, and his corn farm was unfit to support his family, after paying the extravagant tack duty. That beside the rise of rents and scarcity of bread, the landlord exacted arbitrary and oppressive services, such as obliging the declarant to labout up his ground, cart, win, lead and stack his peats, mow, win and lead his hay, and cut his corn and lead it in the yard which took up above 30 or 40 days of his servants and horses each year, without the least acknowledgement for it, and without victuals, save the men that mowed the hay who got their dinner only. That he was induced to emigrate by advices received from his friends in America, that provisions are extremely plenty & cheap, and the price of labour very high, so that people who are temperate and laborious have every chance of bettering their circumstances. Adds that the price of bread in the country he hath left is greatly enhanced by distilling, that being for so long a time so scarce and dear, and the price of cattle at the same time reduced full one half while the rents of lands have been raised nearly in the same proportion, all the smaller farms must inevitably be ruined.
15 April 1774

"George" of Greenock, Archd. Bog, Master for New York. 13-20 May 1774

    Mrs. McPherson
28
do.



    Wm. Gillispie
20 Stirling Farmer To follow his business

("Matty" of Greenock, Thomas Cochrane Master for New York)

"Ulysses" James Chalmers, Mastr. for Wilmington N. Carolina.
    Malcolm McPherson 40 Glenurcha Farmer High rents and
    Chistn. Downie 30
do.
his wife oppression
    Janet McPherson 10 Glenurcha Their
    Wm. McPherson
9
do.
children

(12 - 18 August 1774)

Greenock - Wilmington 8-15 Sept. 1774 "Diana" Dugald Ruthven Mr.
    John Murdoch 17 Kilmarnock Clerk
to Jamaica
For high rents and
better encouragement

"Lilly" Thomas Cochrane Master for New York. 7-14 April 1775.
   David McIntosh23 PerthFarmer Too high rental
    dos. Spouse ' children

"Friendship" Thomas Jann Master Leith-Philadelphia 9 May 1775
   Kathrine McPherson22InvernessServantTo better her firtone
   Peggy McPherson17AberdeenPassengerTo see her friends

      "Monimia" Edward Morrison Master New York Wife, 4 sons & 2 daughters
    Duncan McPherson32StirlingFarmer
    Jane McBride20Wife & 2 children

    Donald McPherson32      do.FarmerAll for want of
    Jannet McToggart26     do.Wife & 4 childrenemployment,




high rents and
    Donald McPherson47PerthshireFarmer hopes to better
    Mary McFee43      do.their fortune

    Peter McIntosh28GlasgowWright
    Thos. McIntosh26     do.Mason

------------------------------------------------------------------394---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------395--------------------------------------------------------------

"Clementina" of Philadelphia Patrick Brown Master (Stornoway)
    Janet McPherson18 Inverness Servant
    Isobeff McPherson 21    do.     do.
    Jannet McPherson 12    do.     do.
    John McPherson 21     do.     do.
    Margaret McPherson 21    do.    do.
    Jean McPherson 20 Wester Leys     do.
    Alexr McIntosh 21 Bailnacoter    do.
    Andrew McIntosh 27 Elgin Labourer (Passenger)
    Alexr. McPherson 58 Inverness Farmer     do.
    Alexr. McComb 21 Glenluce-
New York
Husbandman Cannot tell why
    Alexr. McComb 21 Galloway-
New York
    do. Cannot make a living

researched by The Chevalier, CAPTAIN HARVEY MACPHERSON of Dunmore

***

JAMES MACPHERSON (Rose Cottage)

ARCHIBALD C. MACPHERSON
"Editor of Creag Dhubh"
Born: Edinburgh
23-10-1927

ROBERT MACPHERSON
Writer of this article
Born: Edinburgh
1-2-04

JEAN MACPHERSON
Mother of A. C. Macpherson
Born: Edinburgh
13-9-1895

THOMAS MACPHERSON
Father of Jean above and
Grandfather of A. C. Macpherson
Born: Edinburgh
1863

JAMES MACPHERSON
Father of Robert above
Brother of Thomas
A. C. Macpherson's grandfather
Born: Edinburgh
11-12-1865

------------------------------------------------------------------395---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------396--------------------------------------------------------------

JAMES MACPHERSON (Owner of Rose Cottage)
Father of Thomas and James
His photograph will appear in Creag Dhubh 1971)

Great Grandfather of A. C. Macpherson

Grandfather of Robert Macpherson

Born: Aberlemno (Forfar)
19-10-1837

JAMES MACPHERSON
Father of James above
Born: Dores, Inverness-shire
30-11-1798
Died Forfar
30-11-1879
Baptised
5-12-1798

Great-Great Grandfather of A. C. Macpherson

Great Grandfather of Robert Macpherson

JOHN MACPHERSON (FARMER)
Great-Great-Great Grandfather of A. C. Macpherson

Great-Great Grandfather of Robert Macpherson
Born ?
Married to Eliza Fraser at Bunachton, Parish of Dores,
3rd June 1791

       Parish of Dores
JamesBorn30 11-1798
Emily Born 31-12-1800Issue of Marriage
ElizabethBorn
?
According to Register of Birth
Thomas Born
1811

___________________________

We would be glad to hear from any genealogist who can take the family tree to before
the marriage of John and Eliza in 1791

------------------------------------------------------------------396---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------397--------------------------------------------------------------

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT for Year ended 31 December 1968

Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------397---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------398---------------------------------------------------------------

BALANCE SHEET for Year ended 31 December 1968

Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------398---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------399---------------------------------------------------------------

MEMBERSHIP AS AT 15th DECEMBER 1967

Notices

-----------------------------------------------------------------399---------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------400---------------------------------------------------------------

Back Cover Ad

-----------------------------------------------------------------400---------------------------------------------------------------

***

Return to Creag Dhubh Welcome Page