------------------------------------------------------------------00----------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------00----------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------------0----------------------------------------------------------------

                                           

CONTENTS
                                           
   LIST OF OFFICERS      274
    LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN      276
   FROM THE TOP OF CREAG DHUBH  277
   LET'S SPEAK GAELIC (V)  278
   THE ALLEN MACPHERSON HOUSE   279
   COUNT VON FERSEN AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION   281
   THE CLAN ARMORIAL  283
   SLIOCHD IAIN -- THE MACPHERSONS OF PITMAIN (PART 4)   287
   GRAVESTONES IN THE GRAVEYARD AT BIALLIDBEG   291
   THE CLAN RALLEY OF 1968   296
  THE 1969 RALLY   297
   "ACCOMODATIONS AT THE RALLEY"  298
   NEW YEAR'S HONOURS LIST 1969   298
   CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION   299
   "CLAN CHATTAN"  299
   MOY '68  300
   "MEMORIAL TO SIR JOHN A. MACDONALD  301
   REGISTRAR -- CHANGE OF ADDRESS  302
   ADDRESSES UNKNOWN  302
   CLAN HOUSE MUSEUM IN 1968  303
   REPORTS FROM THE BRANCHES  305
   Dr. WILLIAM MARTIN MCPHERSON, M.B., C.M., 1883-1925   310
   THE LATE LT. ROBERT J. GILLESPIE JR. (US Army)   311
   OBITUARY  314
   MARRIAGES  314
   BIRTHS  315
   CLAN HOUSE AND MUSEUM APPEAL  315
   LETTERS TO THE EDITOR  317
   INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT 1964   328
                                                                                   
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies. 7/6
                                                                                   
Contributions and all Branch Reports for the 1970 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1969.
                                                                                   
--------------------------------------------------------------------0----------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------273---------------------------------------------------------------

                                               

CREAG DHUBH
1969
                  
No. 21

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        THE ANNUAL OF
THE CLAN MACPHERSON
ASSOCIATION

------------------------------------------------------------------273---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------274--------------------------------------------------------------

CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION

_____________________

The Chief
Brigadier ALAN D. MACPHERSON OF CLUNY AND BLAIRGOWRIE, D.S.O., M.C.

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L.
Senior Chieftain in the Clan
The Right Hon. LORD DRUMALBYN, P.C.
Bailie HUGH MACPHERSON, O.L.J. F.S.A. Scot
LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER, J.P.
LADY HELEN STEWART MACPHERSON, K.i.H., M.A.
A. FRASER MACPHERSON, W.S..
Major J. E. MACPHERSON
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON
Mrs A.K. MACPHERSON OF GLENTRUIM

Officers of the Association

Chairman
LLOYD C. MACPHERSON, B.SC, M.S., in ED
St Andrew's College, Aurora, Ontario

Vice-Chairman
A.I.S. MACPHERSON, CH.M., F.R.C.S., F.R.S.E.

Hon. Secretary
JOHN M. BARTON, M.A., LL.B
32 Lockharton Avenue, Edinburgh, 11

Hon. Depute Secretary
Captain the Chevalier J. HARVEY MACPHERSON, K.L.J., F.S.A. (SCOT.)
Dunmore, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire

Hon. Treasurer
KENNETH N. MCPHERSON, C.A.,
62 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh 9.

Registrar
Miss CHRISTINE MACPHERSON, M.A.,
West High Street, Kingussie

Editorial Committee
A.C. MACPHERSON, M.A., LL.B (Editor), 2 Banholm Terrace, Edinburgh, 3
JOHN M. BARTON, W.S. (Secretary) and T.A.S. MACPHERSON, A.R.I.C.S. (Advertising)
Correspondence on Association Affairs

For convenience, correspondence writing to any of the foregoing Officers of the Association regarding matters concerning the affairs of the Association may address their letters to them,by their office, to:
Clan Macpherson House and Museum, NEWTONMORE, Inverness-shire

------------------------------------------------------------------274-----------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------275-----------------------------------------------------------

                       
Branch Representatives
                       

BADENOCHEx-Provost EVAN CATTANACH, Kingussie
EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
NORTH OF SCOTLAND ALASTAIR W. MACPHERSON, The Park, Lhanbryde, Morayshire
Miss ANNE MACPHERSON, 94 Church Street, Inverness
EAST OF SCOTLANDA. FRASER MACPHERSON, 3 Riselaw Terrace, Edinburgh, 10
Major HUGH MACPHERSON, c/o 30 Belford Avenue, Edinburgh, 4.
WEST OF SCOTLAND JOHN MACPHERSON, Middleton Farm, Neilston
ENGLAND & WALESR. T.S. MACPHERSON,M.C., T.D., 4 Somers Crescent London W2
W.A. MACPHERSON,2 Garden Court, Temple, London, E.C.4
NORTH AMERICAThe Hon. Mr. Justice A. ALEX. CATTANACH,
R.G.M. MACPHERSON, BOX 105, Queenstown, Ontario
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill

_______________

Curator. EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
Senior PiperANGUS MACPHERSON, Inveran, Sutherland
Junior Piper DONALD MACPHERSON, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire
Hon. AuditorJAMES K. MCMURDO, 8 Featherhall Gr, Corstorphine, Edinburgh

_______________

CONTRIBUTIONS

The Council appeals to members to support the Annual by contributing articles of historical, genealogical, or topographical interest, and by forwarding news of themselves and other clanmen, honours, appointments, etc. Photographs, prints, etc., of places or people and 'Letters to the Editor' on matters of Clan interst are also welcome.

All communications should be addressed to the Editor of Creag Dhubh, Archy Macpherson, M.A., LL.B., 2 Bangholm Terrace, Edinburgh,3.

PLEASE NOTE -- In order to meet publications dates for the current year, it is essential that all matters for publication in Creag Dhubh be received not later than 1st December in each year.

------------------------------------------------------------------275---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------276---------------------------------------------------------------

LETTER FROM CHAIRMAN

Dear Clansmen
      As I approach the end of my term of office as Chairman I would like to express my thanks for the privilege and honour of serving the Association. The time has elapsed quickly and not all the plans which I have had in mind have come to fruition. However, other officers will, I know, carry on and will build our Association to greater levels. When I took office I called for a 25 % enlargement of membership within the three year period. I am not sure whether or not we will quite achieve that level, but, hopefully, we will not be far from it.

      The major achievement of the past three years has of course been the steps taken toward the building of a new and more adequate museum. The reports of the Curator indicate ever-increasing numbers of visitors and the newer facilities will enable us to serve them even better than we do now. Councillor Hugh Macpherson and his committee are to be much commended for their energy and foresight in their work on this project.

      Increased membership remains a major need, and I would urge every member of the Association to canvass among his or her relatives for persons who might be interested.

      What of the future? First, I would hope that our new museum might serve as a focus for more and more collections of Macpherson history. Almost all types of material might well be collected and sent to Clan House. Books, periodicals, documents, even newspaper clippings, as well as family genealogies, collected now may well prove invaluable to future historians in our Clan.

      Second, we must hope that other material clan relics may be added to our museum.

      Third and most important, we look for the involvement in Clan affairs of an increasing number of clansmen. As you contribute to the activities of the Association, whether in the Clan Country or in the wider world, you will reap more the benefits of membership in the Association.

LLOYD C. MACPHERSON
Chairman

------------------------------------------------------------------276---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------277---------------------------------------------------------------

FROM THE TOP OF CREAG DHUBH

      Whether we like it or not our own private turmoils play havoc with our duties. Although our private stresses are now solved they have left their mark on this year's editorial. A great deal of editorial correspondence which would, normally be carried through our office in a reasonably smooth manner has suffered. We hope that our correspondents will forgive us and be undeterred in getting in touch with us in future as the need arises.

      The final editorial board meeting for this edition was held at the end of the first week in December when we were grateful for the presence of the elder statesman Fraser Macpherson looking every bit as young as he did in the photograph, opposite page 251, of last year's issue. We discussed the printing of the Macpherson Petition which he had submitted and which will appear in next year's issue.

      A quip arose from somewhere -- "Every time I hear the word culture, I reach for my Dwelly's" (the famous Gaelic dictionary published at 19 Wellington Street, Glasgow) and someone suggested that Edward VII's statue at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, ought to record the fact that that King personally provided the finance to allow Dwelly's to see the light of day.

      It was a happy inspiring evening for us all with Fraser and when we took him to his road-end, in our car little did we realize that we would never see him again on this side of the Great Divide. Our remaining judgment on Fraser and his boundless energy poured out on behalf of our own flesh and blood -- our clan -- is that here in his dedication was a man that is an inspiration to us all.

      A friend set us a poser recently when he asked us what would we consider the best allocation if a large legacy ever came the way of the Clan. It made us realise that there was a great deal more needed done. It reminded us that in so many branch activities we saw so many people of over thirty years of age and that we have not yet been able to provide a Youth Section of the Clan, which could attract the young to their own meetings and diversions within the clan branches, and could provide their own contribution to the annual rally.

      Our traditional songs, dances, history and traditions are in better keeping in the hearts of our youngsters than relegated to forgotten bookshelves; as the Gaelic proverb says. . . Is e an t-ionnsachadh og, an t-ionnsachadh boidheach ... Learn young and learn bonnie.

------------------------------------------------------------------277---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------278---------------------------------------------------------------

Since writing the above the sad news reached us of Colonel Ritchie's death on February 11th, in Italy. He will be sadly missed by the Macpherson Association, not only for his characteristically efficient editorship of the Clan Chattan journal, but for the warm welcome we always received from him as the Chieftain of the Newtonmore Highland Games.

      Colonel Ritchie's life was devoted to faithful service of causes he believed in. After graduating in medicine from Aberdeen University in 1904 he was commissioned in the Royal Army Medical Corps, with which he served throughout the First World War, being awarded both the D.S.O. and the O.B.E.

      He retired from the Army in 1931 but returned to the colours in 1939, when he gave stalwart services, among them the raising of two Territorial Battalions.

      His sense of service led him from interests in Highland affairs and history to modem youth, in all things he gave of his best, with the greatest of enthusiasm.

      As a friend of the Macpherson's he will long be remembered, we send our sincere sympathy to his widow.

***

LET'S SPEAK GAELIC (V)
by ARCHY MACPHERSON M.A., LL.B.

      How are we coming on since last year? We have heard with joy, occasionally the correct pronunciation of Creag Dhubh -- [pronounced] 'crake gooh' -- with the final "h" audible. Readers have said that they had gone through the sources for learning ar canain 's ar ceol (our language and our music) in the 1968 issue and now understand the reasons for such pronunciation. It cheered us considerably.

      Another event has also cheered us considerably. Namely, a new teach yourself Gaelic records series which has just been launched and which is certainly a breakthrough for the learning of the language.

      This new course is distributed by the Caledonian Music Company Ltd., 59 St. Vincent Crescent, Glasgow, C.3., Scotland. It is known as "Sath" (the same root as satiety) meaning satiety or abundance. At a cost of £8 it is much the cheapest language course on the record market today. This is because all the people concerned have given their services free for the good of the language -- even going to the length of doing their own type-setting! The course consists of

------------------------------------------------------------------278---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------279---------------------------------------------------------------

four 12 inch L.P.s supplemented by three illustrated books of lessons (script, translation and grammar) and a separate glossary.

      The course has taken six years to make the script, written by Mr. Calum Ferguson, M.A., tells of a young man who goes north to visit his uncle on his island croft and learn the language.

      The part of the young man is played by Donald J. Macleod of Harris. However, a good cross-section of Gaelic accents is deliberately used to train the learner's ear to recognise Gaelic sounds. The books are profusely illustrated so that the learner with the set of records and books can use the ear, the eye and the mind to help him or her to acquire a real understanding of Scottish Gaelic.

      With such aids we can see a great resurgence in the amount of Gaelic songs at the ceilidhs in the branches and at the Rally -- we might even be able to see a short Gaelic church service after the English service at the Rally, especially since there are three branches of An Comunn Gaidhealach in Badenoch glad to lend local support.

Chi sinn am Baideanach sibh aig cruinneachadh Clann-a-Phearsain -- we'll be seeing you in Badenoch at the Clan Macpherson rally!

STOP PRESS: A Gaelic Summer School will be held in Tarbert Harris from 30th June to 12th July, 1969. Applications for place are obtained from the Director, An Comunn Gaidhealach, Abertarff House, Inverness.

***

THE ALLAN MACPHERSON HOUSE

This house and its owner are also discussed in CD16 pp37-8.

      The two acres on which the house stands is in the township of Richmond. In the county registry office "2 acres, more or less" is deeded to Allan Macpherson in 1826. Since it was not unusual at that time to delay registration for some time after purchase it is quite possible that the house was built a year or two earlier.

      Allan Macpherson was the son of Colonel Donald Macpherson, an officer in the army. Allan, only child of a first marriage, must have spent his childhood in army quarters in several countries, for his father had served in the Napoleonic Wars on the continent, the War of Independence in the American colonies, and was finally sent to Kingston, in Upper Canada, about 1808.

      Allan's father remarried; Anna Shaw, Allan's stepmother, had several children, and, four years after the family came to Upper Canada, Allan, looking about him for opportunities, decided to leave Kingston and rent the mill on the Napanee River. This was in the year 1812, when he was twenty-eight years old, and unmarried.

      There is no reason to suppose that Allan Macpherson was at that time well-to-do. His father was a retired or semi-retired army officer,

------------------------------------------------------------------279---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------280---------------------------------------------------------------

with a young family, but before many years had passed Allan had turned a rented business into his own business, and had acquired the grist mill, saw mill, a store, a distillery, and also a justice of the peace.

      In 1818 he married Mary Fisher, daughter of Judge Alexander Fisher of Adolphustown, and brought her to live at Napanee. Their first home was in the small settlement on the south bank of the river, in what is known now as Clarkville, near the old sand pit. At that time there were no homes west of the river.

      When Allan Macpherson decided to buy a lot from Thomas Cartwright and build on it, early in the 1820's, the house must have been surrounded by forest. But, in the midst of uncleared land he built what must have been by standards of that day, a mansion. He had become a wealthy man.

      His business assets have been mentioned, no doubt they enabled him to do the benevolent deeds which earned him the title "King of Napanee", "The Laird", or, more affectionately, "Mac". He built the first school in Napanee, on the same side of the river as this house, and, probably, about the place where the overhead bridge now crosses Number 2 highway. Church services were held here by the itinerant Anglican missionary, Reverend Saltern Givens. It was Allan Macpherson who got the Lennox Militia together for training. It was to him that government and military officials wrote when they wanted plans carried out. Many letters to him are preserved in the archives of the county museum.

      After Allan Macpherson moved to Kingston to become Crown Lands Agent he, in partnership with other men of means, bought a printing press, and put out, over the Macpherson store, the first issues of the Napanee Standard.

      But it is his house, this house, which is most often mentioned in early records referring to Allan Macpherson. There are accounts of gay parties in the ballroom, of important people entertained there, of relatives given hospitality, staying on indefinitely in the house of many rooms.

      In 1832 a young lawyer's apprentice, John Alexander Macdonald, was sent to Clarkville, to conduct a branch law practice for his employer. His first office was probably the Ramsay store, now covered with green insul-brick.

      Anna Shaw, Mrs. Donald Macpherson, and Allan's stepmother, was a sister of Helen Macdonald, young John A's mother. The Macdonalds had stayed with the Kingston Macphersons when they came to Canada in 1820. Though Allan was no blood relative of Macdonald his half-brothers and sisters were. Young Macdonald was welcomed as one of the family, dropped in whenever he had time, took part in

------------------------------------------------------------------280---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------281---------------------------------------------------------------

the gay social times in the ballroom, sang in the choir in the "church" in the schoolhouse. One Christmas he and Helen Macpherson, Allan's half-sister, staged a Christmas play in the ballroom. It passed out of Macpherson hands in 1896.

      As a fine example of early builders' art, and a guide to good taste in present architecture this house is useful. It is a work of art, a heritage belonging to this area alone, and as such an economic asset, for historic houses are high on the list of "places to see", for tourists.

      The house is situated in a park-like setting, long neglected, and is pointing the way to a second restoration, the beauty of this area of the river, inaccessible at present because there is no public area for boating or picnicking.

      Present plans for the house include its use for public meetings, and social and recreational activities, of the community.

[I'm surprised that the editor didn't indicate that the John A. Macdonald discussed in the article was the same that became the first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada in 1867. In fact there is an article about this man on page 301 of this very issue of Creag Dhubh .-- RM]

_____________

STOP PRESS
      The Rev. Father [Colin] Macpherson who was parish priest in Knoydart for some time as well as in different parts of the Highlands and Islands has been made Bishop of that he knows so well. We have been led to believe that Bishop Macpherson took a significant part in translating the Mass from Latin into Gaelic.

S.O.S. HELP! HELP!       Authenticated information desired in tracing antecedents of JOHN MCPHERSON married to Sarah McDonald on 8-22-1807 in Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, USA. Father of this man thought to be Richard McPherson of Leeds Parish. Reasonable compensation for efforts to assist.

/S/ JOHN WM, MCPHERSON, c/o Editor

_____________

COUNT VON FERSEN AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
by T. A. S. MACPHERSON

      A dramatic episode during the French Revolution which nearly changed the history of Europe will certainly prove of interest to readers in general, and perhaps to Macphersons in particular.

      Our tale concerns Hans Axel Count von Fersen, born in 1755, the son of a Swedish aristocrat and diplomat, who was destined for a military career. He served in the French army during the war in America and was commended for his conduct at the seige of Yorktown in 1781.

[Note -- another Macpherson of note served at Yorktown as well --- Major William of Philadlphia who, among other things, later served in the Pennsylvania legislature and voted to adopt the US Constitution in 1787. H served as the Director of the Port of Philadelphia for over twenty years and led the Federalized militia to supress the perpetrators of the 'Whiskey Rebellion in 1794. -- RM]
      In 1788, on the eve of the French Revolution, he was in Paris, commanding the royal regiment of Swedes in the service of Louis XVI, and also acting as an agent for his king, Gustavus III. There he first met the ill-fated Marie Antoinette, and fell under the spell of her charm.       By June 1791, the French royal family were imprisoned in the Tuileries palace by the Revolutionary forces, and felt their only hope of freedom lay in a speedy dash to the eastern frontier where lay a sympathetic army. A plan had been arranged by Fersen, who had organised a system of changes of horses to draw the royal family's great coach on its way to freedom.

      By the 20th of June, Fersen's plans were complete and Louis, Marie Antoinette and their two children, left Paris late in the evening to seek freedom from the Revolutionaries. This daring plan, however, fell astray and though the fugitives came within an ace of escape, they were apprehended and led back to Paris. The fate of the French royal

------------------------------------------------------------------281---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------282---------------------------------------------------------------

family was to come on the steps of the guillotine, but that of Count Fersen was both strange and interesting.

      Following his abortive attempt to save Marie Antoinette, Fersen remained a slave to her memory; he is reputed to have become a moody and abstracted man, brave and reckless beyond belief, his token a broad gold ring given to him by his idol, whose life he had tried vainly to save.

      He rose to fame in the Swedish army, but the end came in 1810 when he faced a hostile crowd during a riot in Stockholm. Alone he held at bay with his sword a mob who were set on killing the nobles of Sweden, who had barricaded themselves in the church of Riddenholm.

      The crowd, held back as much by his ring which was believed to be a symbol of witchcraft, as his sword, at length triumphed when Fersen lay dead, crushed by a hail of stones which his attackers had thought more prudent to throw from a safe distance. One of the mob, a fisherman called Zaffel, cut off Fersen's finger with the ring and threw it far into the river.

      This much is historical fact, but the sequel is a wild and gruesome tale. Zaffel, while out fishing the next day, was terrified to see a hand with a mutilated finger grasping the mast and leading his boat forward against the wind and tide. This continued all day until he came to a white rock, where lay Fersen's ring; the hand then resumed its finger and ring and vanished.

      The next day, at Fersen's burial, his fellow-nobles were gathered round his grave, when the Queen of France's ring was seen gleam -- on the coffin. The grave-diggers dared not bury it, so it was passed on to Count Fersen's family, with whom it still remains.

      The point of interest in this story to Macpherson clansmen is that of Count Fersen's ancestry. During the 17th century large numbers of Scots mercenaries left their native land to serve the Swedish king, Gustavus Adolphus. Is it possible that some Macpherson, having left home to seek his fortune, became absorbed into Swedish society to such an extent that his name became debased to Fersen, and in fact was the forefather of the Count Fersen who so nearly changed the history of France and Europe.

[A message from Prof. Alan G. Macpherson dated 23 May 2007 states that Dr Carl von Essen, an expert on Swedish armorial families, has informed him that the origins of the von Fersen/Versen/Person families of Germany, Sweden and Russia are unlikely to have been in Scotland.

Their comprehensive genealogy is in works by Elgenstierna and is based on an 1885 publication Geschichte des Geschlechts von Verzen und von Fersen by F. von Versen. It mentions the Scottish origin theory but documents early members of the family: Alexander v. Verson (1180-1217), Conrad v. Versen (1304), Simon v. Fersen (1450). As these dates are earlier than the appearance of the surname 'Macpherson' in any part of Scotland. Furthermore, Dr von Essen has checked the family armorials and says categorically that there was never a wildcat or any animal then indigenous to Scotland on their shields, which showed what is distinctly a lion. -- RM

------------------------------------------------------------------282---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------283---------------------------------------------------------------

THE CLAN ARMORIAL
by R. G. M. MACPHERSON, F.R.S.A., F.S.A.SCOT.

Fifth of a series of articles concerning the Armorial Bearings of Members of the Clan Macpherson


No. 9 LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER
      The Arms of Macpherson of Drumochter were recorded in H.M. College of Arms, London, on the 30th August, 1951, and matriculated in the Lyon Register (Vol. 39, p.69) on the 7th March, 1953. They were recorded by the present Lord Macpherson's late father who was one of the founders of the Clan Association and who was known affectionately by his fellow clansmen as "Lord Tom".

      The Shield is a "differenced" version of the Cluny Arms and the galley is "counterchanged" of the field which is gold and blue. The oak tree "in base" is an additional "difference" to signify that Lady Macpherson's family has been associated with the timber trade.

      As a Peer of the Realm, Lord Macpherson is entitled to a coronet above the shield to indicate his rank and also "supporters" on either side of the shield. The "lion" suggests Lord Macpherson's interest in the development of the Scottish Clan movement and the "bull" supporter with the "boar's head" on the collar signifies his commercial interests. The "wheat sheaf " on the lion's collar commemorates the occupation of his forebears who were millers and bakers.

      The wildcat crest is "differenced" by holding a "cross-crosslet" between his paws and the motto over the crest is "Touch not this cat but a glove".

      Lord Macpherson, like his father before him, has for many years been an active supporter of the Clan Association and was Hon. Treasurer, Vice-Chairman and Chairman of the England and Wales Branch. He was elected Chairman of the parent Association in 1960 and held that office until 1963 when he became an Hon. Vice-President.

------------------------------------------------------------------283---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------284---------------------------------------------------------------

No. 10 Rev. A. GORDON MACPHERSON, D.D.
      Dr. A. Gordon Macpherson, Minister Emeritus of Riverdale Presbyterian Church, Toronto, recorded Arms at the Court of the Lord Lyon on the 3rd September, 1955, and the Arms were matriculated in the Lyon Register, Volume 40, folio 106.

      The shield contains the basic components of the Cluny Arms, the galley, the hand holding the dagger and the cross-crosslet. The galley, however, flies a white banner charged with a blue saltire intended to represent the provincial flag of Nova Scotia, the province in which Dr. Macpherson was born. The "ivy leaf" is the plant badge of Clan Gordon and alludes to the clergyman's Christian name. The red border which surrounds the shield is a sign of cadency or a personal "difference" as the fourth son. The motto, "Not this but a glove", is an "answering motto" to that of the Chief.

      In Scotland, the Arms of a clergyman are usually not surmounted by the customary helmet and crest but rather by a clerical hat above the shield to indicate his rank, in this case as a clergyman of the Presbyterian Church. A crest, however, is granted "for the lay heirs succeeding to the Arms" and Dr. Macpherson's crest, "a demi-cat rampant guardant Proper holding in his dexter paw an ivy leaf Vert" is borne, in conjunction with the same Arms, by his eldest son, R. Gordon M. Macpherson of Burlington, Ontario. Dr. Macpherson has been an active member of the Association for many years and was instrumental in inviting the Canadian Branch to hold their first Rally in Toronto. He was Regional Chairman for Toronto and was host to the Association at many highly successful Annual Meetings which were held at Riverdale Church. He is presently Hon. Chaplain to the North American Branch.

------------------------------------------------------------------284---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------285---------------------------------------------------------------

Cluny Whisky ad

------------------------------------------------------------------285---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------286---------------------------------------------------------------

Expand the page to view the whole chart

------------------------------------------------------------------286---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------287---------------------------------------------------------------

The above is a miniature of the life-membership diploma which shows the Coats of Arms of Clansmen you have probably met often.
_______________

SLIOCHD IAIN -- THE MACPHERSONS OF PITMAIN
by Lt. Colonel ALEXANDER KILGOUR MACPHERSON, M.V.0.
16th of Pitmain and Senior Chieftain in Clan Macpherson

CONTINUED FROM Creag Dhubh No. 20, page 231 ...


Charles, XII of PITMAIN
      Lachlan had, with three daughters, a son Charles, born 1752, who succeeded as XII of Pitmain. He became a Major in the Army, Deputy Lieutenant for Inverness-shire, and finally Inspector General of Barracks for Scotland. He married at RUTHVEN, 8th November, 1786, Margaret, daughter of John Macpherson of Inverhall, and died 1st October, 1820, having had three sons:
John IV and 13th of PITMAIN
          I. John IV and 13th of Pitmain, of the 21st Regiment Brigade Major on the Staff at WATERLOO, 1815. He married Marianne, daughter of Robert John Addison, Esq., at the British Embassy, PARIS, 1st June, 1818. His name is inscribed on the WATERLOO Cairn on TOR ALVIE near Kincraig.He had issue Berkeley Augustus MacDonald Macpherson, Captain South Devon Militia.

Berkeley Augustus, 14th of PITMAIN
                Berkeley Augustus married 1851 Charlotte Brooksbank, younger daughter of the Rev. Sir George Stracey, Bart, of Thorpe, NORFOLK, and died s.p. 15th February, 1902.

------------------------------------------------------------------287---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------288---------------------------------------------------------------

           II. Duncan 2nd Son of Charles 12th of Pitmain. Colonel 27th Regiment, wounded at ORTHES, married Jessie, daughter of Major William Maclean, 27th Regiment and had two daughters (1) Eliza, and (2) Georgina Maria, died unmarried. Eliza married Major D'Arcy Wentworth of N.S.W. AUSTRALIA, and has no male descendants.

           III. George Gordon , M.D. 3rd son of Charles 12th of Pitmain, married (a) Maria Dawney. Issue two daughters:
               (1) Ann Charlotte = Lt. Colonel Thuillier, Bengal Artillery and Surveyor General of India. Issue, four sons and two daughters;
               (2) Maria Euphemia = Colonel William Mayhew, Adjt. General BENGAL Army. Issue 2 daughters:
                     (1) Lilian=Talbot Barnard. Issue 1 son -- Vince, d. when young and 1 daughter -- Winifred, m. Lawrence Ashburnham, 1904; M 1 daughter, Doreen, b. 1905
 

           Above George Gordon Macpherson married b) secondly: Charlotte Alicia Frances Leycester, daughter of Ralf Leycester of Toft, Cheshire, and had with other issue:

Charles Gordon Welland 15th of PITMAIN
               Charles Gordon Welland Macpherson, C.I.E., I.C.S., succeeded his cousin Berkeley Augustus M. D. Macpherson as 15th Chieftain of Pitmain on 15th December, 1902. He married Mary Palmer Chapman, 1872, daughter of Lieut. Chapman R.E. He died 27th August, 1910. Buried Kensal Green. Issue:
George Gordon D'Arcy, Last of Male Line of Lachlan II
              George Gordon D'Arcy Macpherson, b. 1879. Indian Army, later York and Lancs. Regiment. 1879-1908. Invalided home from India, but died at sea, and buried Indian Ocean 23rd May 1908. Age 29. He was unmarried, outlived by his father, and survived by three sisters:

------------------------------------------------------------------288---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------289---------------------------------------------------------------

               (1) May Frances = Major Alan Rickards, the Royal Scots. May Frances born 27th November 1873 of 'PITMEAN', Park Road, Camberley. Died 15th January, 1964, age 90, and buried in the same grave as her husband at FRIMLEY. No Issue. A very remarkable woman who embodied all that is best in the virtues of the ancient race from which she sprang.

               (2) Violet Beryl = 1906 Brigadier General Robert Fitzmaurice, C.B.E., D.S.O., R.A. No Issue. Born 1879 of 80 Bouverie Road, Folkestone, Kent.

               (3) Edith Mabel Ivy = Oct. 19 10 Captain E. Owen Tudor, O.B.E., R.N. Naval Commandant, Trinidad. Edith Mabel Ivy born 1887 also of 80 Bouverie Road, Folkestone. No Issue.

          ;Both these two younger daughters we happily still have with us. Hence the male line of Lachlan II and 11th of Pitmain, Lieutenant in Cluny's Regiment in 1745, came to an end with the sad death of his great great grandson, also a Lieutenant, in 1908, who predeceased his father by over two years.

               The foregoing affords a striking illustration of the drastic change that swept over the Highland scene after the demise of the Clan System after 1746. The Hereditary task of the Chieftains had come to an abrupt end. Henceforth the scions of the house found employment, usually military, far afield, and especially in India, where they rose to high office and distinction. Marriage furth, not only of the Highlands, but of Scotland became frequent. Though sentimental love of the old Duthaich, has for the most part remained strong, yet inevitably these great social changes have resulted in the estrangement of the natural leadership of the Highlands from the land and, alas, from the people of their name and race. Even prior to the '45 there was a marked tendency for the more adventurous and enterprising to seek their fortunes beyond the confines of the Clan homeland. The supposed riches of the East, and the New World opening in the West had already begun to exert their influence. Close members of Cluny's family as well as Pitmain emigrated prior to the '45, which, of course, they did not know was coming.

------------------------------------------------------------------289---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------290---------------------------------------------------------------

Descent of John III of PITMAIN - Ireland
      We now retrace our steps and pursue the fortunes of Lachlan the second's brother John III of Pitmain whom we left about to begin life anew in 1741 in IRELAND, in the Maiden City of Londonderry. John took with him his young son Isaac, a very small boy indeed, being only in his third year. Seemingly he was the very last of the whole of the family of Pitmain to be born in the old House of Pitmain, since Lachlan II, as we have seen, had set up as a Merchnat in Ruthven.

Isaac the Navigator
      John III late of Pitmain died in 1756. Isaac his son was early attracted to the sea, and became one of the foremost instructors in Navigation of his day. Pupils came to him from the three Kingdoms. He lived in Londonderry, where, like his father his name appears on the Cess Rolls of that City. Isaac by his wife, Elizabeth, had two sons and one daughter.
           Alexander, the elder son was born in 1773;
           John, the second son was born in 1775, and was accidently drowned in the River Foyle, unmarried, and buried in DERRY Cathedral. Isaac's only daughter
           Ann married ----- MacMullan, had two sons, and of whom nothing further is known.

      Isaac died in 1800, and was buried in Derry Cathedral.

           Alexander, the elder son of Isaac, married 3rd January, 1800, Elizabeth McCaine, who was born 19th February, 1779, the eldest of four daughters and three sons of Francis McCaine, b. 16th Novr. 1750, d. 28th May 1807, and Sarah Wilson, b. 8th Fehr. 1753, married 20th May 1776 and d. 15th April 1792. The McCaines were of McDonald descent. The Wilsons owned property in DERRY, and also in what is now known as the BUNCRANA Castle Estate, on Lough Swilly, Co. Donegal. Sarah's great grandfather Captain Francis Wilson was a defender of Derry at the siege 1688-90, where his name is still recorded in the Bishops Vestry of the Cathedral.

To be continued
------------------------------------------------------------------290---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------291---------------------------------------------------------------

GRAVESTONES IN THE GRAVEYARD AT BLALLLIDBEG
TRANSCRIPTS OF INSCRIPTIONS WITH DESCRIPTITVE NOTES

by ALAN G. MACPHERSON

      Creag Dhubh Vol. III, No. 3, 1967 carried an article by the present writer on the gravestones in the little country graveyard at Cluny where many of the later chiefs lie buried. The information was collected in August 1966 during the week of the Clan Rally. At the same time a visit was paid to Cladh Phadruig, the old graveyard which stands so prominently at Biallidbeg between the Laggan road and the steep foot of Creag Dhubh.

      Cladh Phadruig must have been named as a dedication to St. Patrick or St. Peter, with the odds on the Celtic rather than the Roman saint. At any rate it is probably as ancient as Cladh Chalum-cille in Kingussie, Cladh Chluanaldh at Cluny, Cladh Bhridhe at Breakachie, or the ancient place at Lagganchynich at the head of Loch Laggan where most of the early chiefs of the clan lie buried.

      Biallidbeg itself was one of the oldest farms belonging to the patrimony of the Macphersons of Cluny, appearing first in the family records with Gaskenloan and Clunie itself in the early 17th century. Unlike the other farms of the early estate it lay in the parish of Kingussie. But its connection with the upper parish of Laggan, on whose March it lay, appears to have been strong throughout its history, as the tombstones amply demonstrate. The notes taken from the Laggan Register amplify the inscriptions, but recourse to the Kingussie Register would undoubtedly add still more to our knowledge of the families who buried there.

      Examination of the gravestones indicates that during the 19th century,

------------------------------------------------------------------291---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------292---------------------------------------------------------------

and into the mid-20th century, only two Badenoch clans buried at Biallidbeg: the Macphersons and the MacIntyres. But only the Macphersons had any known traditional connection with the farm of Biallidbeg; the MacIntyres were apparently primarily from farms in Glen Truim and Strath Mashie, both tributaries of the Spey on the opposite bank from Biallidbeg. The family listed below as No. 14 appear to have been the first MacIntyres resident at Biallidbeg, and their connection with the other MacIntyre families burying at Biallidbeg is not established.

      Although Biallidbeg was an old part of the patrimony of the Macphersons of Cluny, nothing is known of the tenantry of the farm till 1722 when "Evan McPherson in Balidbeig" signed the famous Arbitration Bond at Clune (Creag Dhubh No. 5, 1953, 25-27). Thereafter the record is strong: four men of the clan served under Ewan of Cluny in the '45; and numerous tenants of the name appear in the Forfeited Estates' Papers between 1747 and 1784. The farm appears, in fact, to have been remarkable for being held in joint tenantry exclusively by Macphersons. The tombstones, however, scarcely bear this out, for only one family (Stone No. 4) appears to have held land on the farm. The rest came from farms in Laggan and Kingussie that were closer to other country graveyards. The explanation for their preference must lie in lost ties of kinship, including ties between the two clans.

      1. Gravestone

      Erected to the memory of Angus Macpherson, late forester, Locherrocht, who died at Newtonmore on 15th April 1886 aged 80 years, and his wife Anne Davidson who died 2nd June 1882, aged 72 years; also their daughter Mary who died 24 February 1872 aged 22 years.

      The parochial register of Laggan shows that Angus was gamekeeper at Luibliath at the west end of Loch Laggan when he married Anne Davidson from Kinrara in the parish of Alvie. Their two eldest children were born at Luibliath: Janet, 15th July 1843; Duncan, 17th April 1845. The family were resident at Loch Eroch Lodge (sic, Locherricht) when three more children were registered: Marjory, 18th September 1848; Mary, 7th September 1850; and Donald, 16th July 1852.

      Angus was apparently the only child of Duncan Macpherson and Marjory Macpherson in Balmishaig, who were married in Laggan in February 1802. Angus was baptised on the 22nd September 1805.

      2. Gravestone
      In loving memory of Catherine Macpherson who died at Newtonmore 1914, aged 65, daughter of Finlay Macpherson.

      This lady was probably the daughter of Finlay Macpherson in Ralia and Catherine Macpherson from Coul in Laggan, who were married in Laggan on the 7th April 1831.

------------------------------------------------------------------293---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------294---------------------------------------------------------------

      3. Gravestone

      Sacred to the memory of Charles McPherson, late tacksman of Sherrobeg, born 1745, died at Banchor 19th June 1828; also his wife Mary McDonald, died May 1833; also of their family of ten sons and six daughters, this stone is erected in affectionate remembrance by the last survivor, Ann.

      The Laggan Register records surprisingly little of this large and relatively important family. An unnamed child was baptised on the 27th June 1794; Isabel, born (and probably baptised) 22nd October 1795; and Katharine Cameron, born 19th March 1799. It seems likely that many of the children died in infancy.

      4. Gravestones
      Here lies the corps of Christian Macpherson, spouse to the diseased (sic, deceased) Alexr McPherson, late tennant of Billaidbegg, who died in the 65th year of her age on the 19th February 1823.

      The Forfeited Estates' Papers show that Alexander Macpherson was one of three joint tenants who obtained a lease of half of the farm of Bialidbeg on the Estate of Clunie for twenty-one years from 1777. All the joint tenants of 1777, and all previous joint tenants, were Macphersons, but no connection can be established among them. The stone is probably the oldest in the graveyard.

      5. Gravestone
     In loving memory of Donald Macpherson who died at Knock of Clune, 16th Decr. 1884, aged 66 years; and his wife Mary Blair, who died 6th April 1912, aged 88 years; also Thomas, their son, who was drowned at Glasgow 23rd Octr. 1888, aged 29 years; also Annie their daughter who died 20th July 1889, aged 39 years; John Macpherson their son who died at Newtonmore 23rd March 1923, aged 70 years; Margaret Anderson, wife of the above, who died 5th Dec. 1927 aged 80 years; their daughter Catherine who died 28th April 1956 aged 81 years; and their son Rev. Donald Macpherson who died 4th Jany. 1959, aged 82 years; also their daughter Thomasina Macpherson who died 25th May 1963, aged 72 years.

     The Laggan Register records the marriage of Donald Macpherson in Knock, Kingussie, and Mary Blair from Strathcrunican (sic, Strathchrunachdan) at Blargy on the 12th August 1847. Mary Blair was probably a close relative of Thomas Blair who was resident at Gallovie in Laggan in 1829.

------------------------------------------------------------------293---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------294---------------------------------------------------------------

      6. Gravestone

      Here lie the remains of Alexander McPherson, Teacher at Ralia, who died on the 28th February 1828, aged 71.
      7. Gravestone
     In loving memory of Isabella Cattanach, wife of Alexander Macpherson, who died at Newtonmore Decr. 27th 1902, aged 58 years; also their son John who died March 10th 1895 aged 17 years; also the above Alexander Macpherson who died at Newtonmore May 17th 1922, aged 86 years; Jane, daughter of Alexander and Isabella Macpherson who died at Newtonmore 13th February 1960
.       8. Gravestone
      Erected by Alexander Malcolm, Victoria, Australia, in memory of his beloved mother, as a well-merited token of filial affection, Helen Macpherson who died at Ralia on the 9th day of November 1858, aged 58 years.
      9. Gravestone
To the memory of Malcolm McIntyre who departed this life on the 7th July 1834, aged 76 years; likewise his son John who died in the year 1808 aged 22 years.

      This family hailed from Presmuckrach, the highest of the old farms in Glen Truim. The Laggan Register records Malcohn McIntyre and Jean Campbell in Presmuckrach as baptising the following children: Alexander, 1778; Duncan, born 21 May 1783; John, born 5 November 1785; an unnamed child born 19 November 1788, the mother being given incorrectly as "Kath. Campbell"; and Christian, born 1790, later marrying John McLaren in Coraldy, Laggan, on the 11th January 1810, and raising three children: John, baptised at Crubenbeg, 7th January 1813; Janet, born 9th August 1819 in Glentruim; and James, born 7th October 1826 at Crubinmore. All these farms are in Glen Truim and long associated with families of the McIntyres in Badenoch.

      10. Gravestone
      Erected to the memory of Alexander McIntyre, cattle dealer, who died at Newtonmore, 2nd January (year undecipherable), aged 77 years. This man may have been the eldest brother of Malcolm McIntyre (Gravestone No. 9).
11. Gravestone
      Angus McIntyre who died at Dalchully, 27th Octr. 1886, aged 82; and his wife Christina McIntosh, died 1st June 1871, aged 61 years; daughters: Jessie, Christina.

      Angus McIntyre was probably the son of Alexander McIntyre

------------------------------------------------------------------294---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------295---------------------------------------------------------------

and Marjory Macpherson in Achduchill of Strathmashie, born and baptised on the 24th July 1808. Otherwise there is no trace of the family in the Laggan parish records.
      12. Gravestone
      Erected by Angus McIntyre in memory of his 3rd daughter Catherine who died at Ralia, 11th July 1854 aged 12 years.

      13. Gravestone
      Erected to the memory of Alexander Macintyre, sheep manager, who died at Dalchully, Laggan, 7th October 1923, aged 75 years; also his brother John Macintyre who died at Refouble, Glenferness, 15 December 1919, aged 60 years.

      These men were probably descended from Malcolm McIntyre and Christian MacDonald in Dalwhilly (Dalchully), who were married 9th September 1788, and raised a family at the Gortain near Datchully between 1789 and 1805. The intervening generations, however, do not appear in the parish record.

      14. Gravestone
     To the Memory of Malcolm McIntyre who died at Luibe Biallid on 24th Febry. (year undecipherable), aged 74 years; his wife Janet Gunn who died at New(tonmore) 23rd November 18 - -; also his son Malcolm who died at Luibe Biallid on 29th May 1877 aged 4 years; Margaret McIntyre youngest daughter who died at Newtonmore on 10th December 1877 aged 23 years; also his daughter Jessie McIntyre who died at Newtonmore 7th March 1911, aged 68 years.

      The Laggan Register only bears record of this family with the baptism of a daughter Helen, born 26th May 1843 to Malcolm McIntyre and Janet Gunn in Crubenbeg. The rest of the family were probably born at Biallid in the parish of Kingussie. The age of the son Malcolm at death has evidently been incompletely deciphered, and should be 34 or 40.

      15. Gravestone
      Elizabeth Vera Pelham Burn, wife of Lt. Col. William de Falbe, 1881-1942.
      16. Gravestone
      Brig. General Henry Pelham Burn, C.M.G., D.S.O., born 1st May 1882, died at Biallid 10th July 1958, in proud and ever loving memory.

      Mrs. de Falbe was the proprietor who gifted the western end of her farm of Biallidbeg to the Clan Macpherson Association to allow them to retain a toehold on the slopes of Creag Dhubh.

------------------------------------------------------------------295---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------296---------------------------------------------------------------

Clan Rally of 1968

Not included here

This photograph showing Angus Macpherson, the Clan Piper (on left, with glengarry bonnet) meeting [Alan David]Cluny (on right, with balmoral bonnet) is of the greatest significance. Here together is Angus whose world famous piping skills have come down the generations direct from the great masters of piping, the MacCrimmons of Skye, with the Chief of the Clan in front of Scotland's flag and the Green Banner of the Clan.

------------------------------------------------------------------296---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------297---------------------------------------------------------------

Clan Rally of 1968

Not included here

The 1969 Rally

Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------297---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------298---------------------------------------------------------------

Accomodations at the Rally
Not included here

NEW YEAR'S HONOURS LIST 1969
      Miss Catherine Cecilia MacPherson, B.E.A. superintendent at Barra, Outer Hebrides, for 17 years, making reservations and providing pilots with information such as wind direction and state of the tide, as planes land on the cockle strand at Northbay; daughter of the late Mr. John MacPherson, Gaelic folklorist.

Miss Catherine MacPherson (M.B.E)

from THE SCOTSMAN -- 2nd January 1969

_____________

      His Royal Highness Prince Bernhard of The Netherlands, together with his Chief Aide, Colonel Geertsema, were the private guests of Lord Macpherson for two days' shooting in Suffolk during November 1968.

      His Royal Highness flew his own aircraft to Stansted where he was met by Lord Macpherson. The party stayed at the Chesterford Country Club and were shooting together on the Friday and Saturday at Icklingham.

      H.E. Mr. Hans de Koster, the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs for The Netherlands, joined the party for the Saturday's shoot. On the Friday evening the whole party was entertained by the Marquis and Marchioness of Bristol at their family seat at Ickworth, Bury St. Edmunds.

      Two very good days' shooting were held -- only marred by rain -- and on the Saturday evening His Royal Highness returned to Stansted and then to Holland.

LORD MACPHERSON

CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION
      The Annual General Meeting of the Clan Chattan Association was held within the North British Hotel, Edinburgh, on Tuesday, 3rd December, 1968. The President, Lachlan R. D. Mackintosh of Mackintosh was in the chair.       A. I. S. Macpherson was elected a Vice-President of the Association upon his retirement after his term of office as Chairman, and Mr. Stewart MacPhail of Haddington was elected to succeed him. It was

------------------------------------------------------------------298---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------299---------------------------------------------------------------

with regret that members learnt of the retirement of Col. M. B. H. Ritchie as editor of the Clan Chattan magazine, and Miss Meta MacBean, M.A., an enthusiastic member of the Edinburgh Branch, was elected as his successor.

      The ever-popular team of Miss Karleen McIntosh and Miss Alison McIntosh were again re-elected respectively Secretary and Treasurer.

       An interesting announcement at the Meeting was that a late honorary secretary of the Association, Mrs. Eileen Dallas Shove, had left the substantial residue of her estate for the establishment of a Trust. This Trust -- which is to be known as "The Dallas Trust" -- will be of considerable financial assistance to the Clan Chattan Association, and it is to be hoped that this support will lead on that Association from strength to strength.

CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION (EDINBURGH)
      In 1968 the Edinburgh Branch of the Clan Chattan Association's activities continued with meetings covering a wide range of talks, ceilidhs, and outings. The highlight of course was the Highland Industries Exhibition and Clan Gathering at Moy in August. On the Sunday following the Gathering the Edinburgh Branch organised a special Church Service in the small parish church at Moy. On a glorious summer afternoon an outing took place following part of the old Wade road past the scene of the 'Rout of Moy' down into Strathnairn where tea was waiting on the lawn at the Inverernie Lodge Hotel. It gave the organisers much pleasure to find that both events were very well attended and obviously enjoyed by all.

      The present winter session had to be reorganised to some extent due to two unfortunate events. Firstly the death of one of our staunch members. Fraser Macpherson, who had given us a number of talks in the past and who we were looking forward to having yet again. He is sorely missed. Secondly, the illness of Col. Macpherson of Pitmain who has a special place in the affection of the Edinburgh Branch and who was unable to winter with us. We are indebted to John Barton for agreeing to step in to fill one of the evenings at short notice.

      Any Macphersons who are not yet members of the Clan Chattan Association are cordially invited to any of our meetings.

CLAN CHATTAN -- Vol. V, No. 5,1969
The Journal of the Clan Chattan Association Vol. V, No. 5, 1969
      The Clan Chattan Journal for 1969 has reached us just as Creag Dhubh is going to press, but special mention must be made of Col. M. B. H. Ritchie's farewell issue. His style, his presentation and his layout have all gone into making an excellent series, and the 1969 issue is no exception, We are sorry that his health compels him to give up

------------------------------------------------------------------299---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------300---------------------------------------------------------------

his outstanding work, but the spirit in his valedictory note should be an encouragement to all . . . Well chaps! I'm off now: sorry to go, but I'm getting a bit 'long-in-the-tooth' as they say, now 86 and half way to seven He goes on to say, "When I took over, the Association was none too bright; a candid Macpherson said it would not last another year!" Much credit is due to Col. Ritchie for proving our fellow-clansman to be so wrong.

      The strength of the present Clan Chattan Association was reflected in the tremendous success of their Gathering at Moy last year, and it is appropriate that the various reports - contributed by several members - are given pride of place in this Journal. Other topical events, however, are not forgotten and there is a most illuminating account of the Clan Macpherson Rally by St. Clair Ford Shaw; and the balance of the magazine is held with historical notes on the Clan Thomas, the Mackintoshes of Dalmunzie, and Col. Claudius Shaw.

      We are sure that all Macphersons will join with us in conveying our best wishes to Col. Ritchie for a happy retirement; and also to Miss Meta MacBean, who has the unenviable task of succeeding him as Editor.

____________

MOY '68
      Our congratulations to The Mackintosh for again staging an outstandingly successful Clan Gathering and Highland Industries Exhibition at Moy in August. Like the previous event in 1964, this was the climax of some very hard work over several years, and it must have been a tremendous encouragement to have some 8,000 clansmen and visitors in attendance to support the venture.

      Around sixty separate exhibitors -- representing every facet of industry in the Highlands, as well as many national and local services -- exhibited during the three-day event clear evidence of the new spirit of confidence that is spreading through the Highlands and Islands," as Professor Grieve, Chairman of the Highlands and Islands Development Board, described it in his opening address. Members of Clan Chattan Association gave valuable assistance and it was most appropriate that there was a Gathering of the Clan on the final day. Representatives of all the major families of the Confederation of Clan Chattan took part in the March, and the brilliance of the sunshine added to the colour to make it a most memorable occasion. Even after these three days, the enthusiasm continued and the Morning Service at Moy and the outing on the Sunday afternoon organised by Robert McGillivray were well supported.

      It is suggested that the Mackintosh will be repeating the event in 1971, and we wish him every success for the future.

------------------------------------------------------------------300---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------301---------------------------------------------------------------

MEMORIAL TO SIR JOHN A. MACDONALD, FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA
from THE NORTHERN TIMES -- 19th July 1968

      While on a business trip to Canada in 1967, Councillor Hugh Macpherson of Edinburgh, touched off a spark which culminated in the erection of a permanent memorial cairn at Dalmore, Rogart, in Sutherland to Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's first Prime Minister, whose father was born in that district. Hugh Macpherson pointed out that there was no lasting memorial on the ancestral crofting acres of Sir John, and he offered his assistance and good offices if interested Canadians would step forward. Three men from Ottawa took up the challenge -- television executives Mr. W. O. Morrison, Mr. Patrick MacAdam, and lawyer Mr. Dan Chilcott, Q.C. For six months they contributed their spare hours in raising money to make this memorial possible and in the same period Hugh Macpherson gave up his spare time in Scotland to support the project. With the help of hundreds of public-spirited Canadians, and with the invaluable advice and assistance of Hugh Macpherson, funds grew rapidly.

      Sir John was born in Glasgow on 11th January, 1815. He went to Canada as a child, his parents -- Hugh Macdonald and Jean Shaw (his mother was a native of Inverness-shire -- settling down in Kingston. In 1836 Sir John became a barrister and was elected to the Legislature of Ontario in 1844. In 1856 he was made Premier of Ontario and AttorneyGeneral. When, in 1867, the Dominion came into being he was elected the first Prime Minister. He retained office until 1873, and returned to the post in 1878, remaining Prime Minister until his death in Ottawa on 6th June, 1891. His home at Earricliffe, Ottawa, became public property, and his widow was made a baroness.

      On Saturday, 13th July, 1968, Mr. John G. Diefenbaker, himself a former Prime Minister of Canada, made a sentimental journey to Sutherland to unveil the memorial cairn. He received a most hearty welcome from a gathering of over a thousand; and in his address, he said that his welcome was a wonderful tribute to Sir John Macdonald, who bad been beloved and honoured in death as he was in life. What an inspiration he had been to all Canadians, who recognised him as their chief.

      Sir John had gone to Canada without power, position or wealth, but by his indomitable spirit, and after he had attended a grammar school, he had made a name for himself in the Dominion. Then Mr. Diefenbaker spoke of Sir John's extraordinary career. Sir John was a defender of freedom, and always upheld the Monarchy, regarding the Queen as the Queen of Canada. He paid tribute to Rogart for producing a father who had brought up a son who had made a mark for himself, not only in Canada, but in the world.

------------------------------------------------------------------301---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------302---------------------------------------------------------------

      "Lincoln carried the game of war, but Sir John's weapons were the heart, the soul and the brain which always upheld the freedom of mankind. He had always maintained that the Monarchy must be maintained, and that mankind must remain free and independent, and in that direction Sir John had built up the Dominion much better than he ever knew."       "Lincoln carried the game of war, but Sir John's weapons were the

Mr. Diefenbaker concluded by thanking all Canadians and Scotsmen, and especially Hugh Macpherson for exerting themselves so wholeheartedly in making the arrangements, and collecting the money for such an occasion.

      "Lincoln carried the game of war, but Sir John's weapons were the

The inscription on the tablet on the cairn reads: "Sir John A. Macdonald, G.C.B., P.C., M.P., first Prime Minister of Canada, father of the Confederation. His monument is a nation. This cairn is but a footnote to his greatness. Dedicated on 13th July, 1968, by the Rt. Hon. John G. Diefenbaker, P.C., Q.C., M.P., thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada."

***
Addresses Unknown
Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------302---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------303---------------------------------------------------------------

CLAN HOUSE MUSEUM IN 1968
by THE CURATOR

      In 1968 the Clan House Museum was officially open between 12th April and 30th September. On 3rd and 10th October the Museum was opened for two bus parties; this bus company sent several parties during the season and these were their final tours. In all, 3,505 signed the attendance book in the Museum, this total is 1,045 more than the corresponding period for 1967. The recorded addresses of our visitors show that they came from the following countries:
England and Scotland (3,171), Wales (20), Ireland (15), Isle of Man (2), U.S.A. (100), Canada (49), Australia (21), New Zealand (14), France (18), Norway and Sweden (5), Denmark (16), Rhodesia (2), East Africa (4), South Africa (6), West Indies (1), Austria (2), Holland (11), Belgium (8), Italy (4), West Germany (16), South America (4), India (6), Malaysia (4), Switzerland (6).
      Amongst the visitors, 169 claimed Macpherson kinship and 56 of those who were not already members of the Association were pleased to join. 106 application forms were issued for enrolment of enquirier's famlies. It is most gratifying to report another record attendance, this year s total of 3,505 is more than double any year prior to 1966. The comparative figures over the past three years are as follows:
1966 (2,139); 1967 (2,460); 1968 (3,505). On several days we had up to, and over, 100 visitors.
In view of this we look forward to the completion of the extension to the museum.

RECENT ADDITIONS

      Amongst recent additions to the Clan Macpherson collections in the Museum, the following are gratefully acknowledged:
      Bound album of newspaper cuttings, containing items of Clan interest, published mainly between 1895 and 1914, was compiled by a keen clansman, Donald Macpherson, for many years Postmaster of Falkirk. The compiler was himself a vigorous newspaper correspondent and all the letters signed "Craigdhu" are by him. (From Major J. E. Macpherson.)
      Volume: The Life and Letters of James Macpherson by Bailey Saunders, 1895.
     Volume: The Gaelic Sources of Macpherson's 'Ossian' by Derick S . Thomson, 1951. (From the late Alexander Fraser Macpherson.)
      Photographs: The Hon. Sir William Murray McPherson, K.B.E., M.L.A., served in the State Parliament of Victoria, from 1916,

------------------------------------------------------------------303---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------304---------------------------------------------------------------

until 1932, as Treasurer and Premier. Governing Director of McPherson's Pty. Ltd
      Photographs: (son of above) William Edward McPherson, J.P. Governing Director of McPherson's Pty. Ltd., 1932-1944. Chairman of Directors, McPherson's Ltd., 1944-1950. (From Mrs. Ethel M. McPherson, widow of above, 43 Montalbert, Melbourne, Australia.).
      Claymore and Scabbard. (From the family of the late William A. Macpherson, Mitcham, Surrey.)
      A blanket used by Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1745, received by Dr. Duncan Macpherson from Miss Catherine Elizabeth Macpherson, Gortley, and Elgin (per England and Wales Branch).
      Framed Facsimile of Dundee's autograph letter to Cluny, dated from Blair Castle, 26th July, 1689 -- the evening before the Battle of Killiecrankie -- and addressed "For the Laird of Clunie in Baddnoch". (From Captain P. Lindsay, Cluny Castle.)

      Copy of talk, "Clan MacGillivray", given by Robert McGillivray, B.SC., A.M.I.C.E., Chairman of the Edinburgh Branch of the Clan Chattan Association. (From Robert McGillivray.)
      Copy of talk, "The Churches and Chapels of Badenoch with their Patron Saints", given to The Badenoch Field Club. (From Mr. Davidson, President, Glasgow Badenoch Association.)
      Framed Photograph of Elizabeth Anne Eleanore Macpherson. (From her granddaughter, Frau Ilse Teufel Benger, The Teufels Farm, Deoffingen, Germany.)

CORRECTION
      The undernoted were inadvertently entered in the list of items on pages 247-48 of Creag Dhubh 1968 as having been purchased by the England and Wales Branch and presented to the Museum.
           Horn Beaker inscribed Sergt. Bastin, 19th Regt., Elastic Web Belt.
           Roll-Call, Cameron Highlanders after Battle of Waterloo.

      These items should have been entered, as gifted by Mrs. A. W. Hiscoe, of 1663 Forth Street, Sarasota, Florida, 33577, and came from her late husband's collection.

      With reference to the undernoted items:
      (1) Horn Beaker, inscribed Sergt. Bastin, 19th Regt.
      (2) Elastic Web Belt.
      (3) Roll-Call, Cameron Highlanders after Battle of Waterloo,

------------------------------------------------------------------304---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------305---------------------------------------------------------------

PLEASE ADD:
     (4) Plush case containing various Scottish Silver Coins, Alexander I I I Period 1248-1285.
      (5) Dirk Scabbard.

All donated by Mrs. A. W. Hiscoe, of 1663 Forth Street, Saratosa, Florida, 33577, and not by England and Wales Branch as stated in 1968 Creag Dhubh.

HERBERT MACPHERSON

      Edinburgh, as the capital of Scotland, holds the Supreme Courts, for the whole country. They comprise the High Court of Justiciary for criminal cases and the Court of Session for civil cases. Mr. Herbert Macpherson is in the Court of Session. After several years in his uncle's law office he joined the Court of Session staff in 1958. He has for a number of years been a Depute Clerk of Session. The Judges that he has been with are Lord Walker and Lord Avonside.

______________

REPORTS FROM THE BRANCHES
Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------305---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------306---------------------------------------------------------------

More Branch Reports

------------------------------------------------------------------306---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------310---------------------------------------------------------------

DR. WILLIAM MARTIN McPHERSON M.B. C.M. 1883-1925 by JAMES MCPHERSON (1914)

      On the death of my mother, Gertrude Shaw McPherson, nee Storey, I came across a testimonial to my father printed on an oblong piece of Chinese silk from the Asiatic Community in Klang, Federated Malay States. This indicates in some small measure to his work in Malaya, in an area around Malacca, Penang and Klang, during a period covering 1911-1925.

      I am also including an extract from a friend of the family, Archie Carey, which corroborates the type of man he must have been -- devoted to medicine and mankind. Briefly our family can be traced as follows:

John McPherson (1696) -- Hugh (1731) -- Hugh (1763) -- Charles (1799) -- James (1830) -- WILLIAM MARTIN (1883) -- James (1914) -- Andrew (1957).
      The early members of the family lived in the BANCHORY-TERNAN and STRACHAN, Co. Kincardine area, before moving to Durris, Aberdeen and Newcastle-on-Tyne.

      William Martin graduated at Aberdeen University before joining a partnership at Seaton Delavel, Northumberland. In 1912 he joined a team under Sir Malcolm Watson, the malaria expert in Malaya. After two years of research he became a medical field officer with Dunlop Rubber Plantations. During the 1914-1918 war he was on service with the Malaya Volunteer Force, which helped to suppress a mutiny by Indian troops. He died in England in 1925, from a combination of overwork, malaria and a tired heart at the early age of 42 years. My mother went out to be married in Malaya in 1913. She was in great demand as a pianist and church organist.

***
Testimonial on Silk
Dr. William Martin McPherson M.B. C.M.
KLANG
Dear Dr. McPherson,
      It was with great regret we learnt of your impending departure from Klang and we could not let this occasion pass without in expression of sorrow at our loss.

      During nearly a decade of your service amongst us, you has endeared yourself to us not only by your extraordinary charitable

------------------------------------------------------------------310---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------311---------------------------------------------------------------

and sympathetic nature, ever willing to alleviate suffering amongst the poor but by your ability and varied experience as a physician and surgeon. We are deeply indebted to you for all you have done to us and take consolation in the thought that you are not leaving the country altogether and that you will always have a warm corner in your heart for us.

      It will be remiss of us if we failed to mention here the valued services rendered by your good lady who has ever been helpful to you, often accompanying you to the poorer quarters, like a ministering angel.

      In conclusion we beg that you will be pleased to accept this little token of our regard for you and Mrs. McPherson, together with our best wishes for health and strength so that you may be longed spared to be of service to the people with whom your life will be cast.

Very Sincerely yours,

Members of the Asiatic Communities in Klang

Klang, 25th March, 1920

A paragraph from a friend, writing to my mother in 1925 --

      "You well know my opinion of Martin and his Christian unselfishness, and I can say no more than that I really believe his illness was due to his thought of others, and his unselfish devotion to work when he should have been resting.

      His reward is certain, no man was ever more assured of it. Archie B. Carey"

Note. -- Each paragraph of the Testimonial: It, During, It and In are written as follows:
      IT , DURING

***

THE LATE LT. ROBERT J. GILLESPIE JR. (US ARMY)
from THE EVENING CHRONICLE, North Attleboro, Mass.
of Monday, 26th August, 1968

      US Army First Lt. Robert J. Gillespie Jr. was laid to rest with full military honours on Saturday afternoon following 2 p.m. funeral ceremonies at Central Congregational Church. The service was conducted by the Rev. Norman A. Levinson, pastor; assisted by the Rev. Camillus Barth, C.P., of the Mother of Sorrow Monastery in West Springfield; and the Rev. Robert C. Ryder, executive secretary of the Attleboro Area Council of Churches.

      Rituals were carried out on Friday night by the Order of Demolay and Lefebvre Post, V.F.W., of Central Falls.

------------------------------------------------------------------311---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------312---------------------------------------------------------------

Honorary pallbearers were Robert Vallette, William R. Skitt, John McCormack, Ronald Shunke, Ralph Olsen, Donald Gillespie, Stephen May, Richard Bibby, Hewitt Carlson, Albert Johnson, Robert Darling, Jonathan Rickard, and Richard Roddy.

      The honour guard included representatives from the 82nd Airborne Division from Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Third Battalion, Fifth Artillery Regiment of Rehoboth which provided the colour guard; and the 632nd Quartermaster Co. from Fort Devens, which furnished the firing squad.

      Marching units also included the police and fire departments, the Board of Selectmen, and State Rep. Donald T. Bliss.

      Burial was in Mt. Hope Cemetery, where the American flag which draped the coffin was presented to Lt. Gillespie's mother.

      Lt. Gillespie was killed in action on 11th August in Vietnam.

           from his parents ....

100 Stanley Street
Attleboro Falls, Mass.
14th October, 1968

Dear Mr. Macpherson,
      It was very nice to receive your letter, and we appreciate your expression of sympathy on the loss of our son.

      Rob was in Vietnam since May, assigned to various tasks -- one of which was convoying ammunition and supplies from one base of operations to another. At the time of his death, he was in charge of a platoon of three tanks and seven armoured personnel carriers. He had participated in many rescue missions, as well as attack missions. Many of his fellow officers have written to us since his death to tell us of the excellence with which he carried out each assignment and of his splendid attitude and character.

       Our son was buried with full military honours -- including military officers, who were also friends, acting as pallbearers, buglers, and firing squad. The town where we reside honoured our son by having the police, firemen, town selectmen and veterans of past wars march with the funeral procession. His friends have started a Memorial Fund in his honour to erect a landscaped flagpole area at a new school, and to provide a college scholarship to a local boy or girl.

      It is indeed a sad experience to have your son die before you -- especially a son who had such excellent opportunities for future achievements in the field of education. We sorely miss him.

      We have received the 1968 Creag Dhubh, though none of the past copies we requested some time ago. We hope to be able to join the Rally next summer at Kingussie -- is it always scheduled for the first weekend in August?

With sincere appreciation,

ROBERT AND LOIS GILLESPIE.

------------------------------------------------------------------312---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------313---------------------------------------------------------------

from Carolyn R. Gillespie .....

A MEMORY
Here stands our house;
A house sodden with tears,
Tears for a fallen soldier.
A fallen soldier,
A hero in his own right,
A master in his own way.
He fell fighting for his belief,
The belief of "freedom and justice for all".
The children of the world were his children;
His life
His commitment to God.
The flag of our country was indeed his flag.
The banner of glory to wave highest above all others.
And now he's gone
And with him, his dreams.
But the true mean of these dreams will linger,
And others will follow in his steps.
And he will be remembered by a phrase,
A phrase used by the wisest men in the world.
"Freedom and Justice for All "

Carolyn R. Gillespie 11th August 1968

WHAT SAITH THEE NOW, GOD?
Like animals on the fields and plains,
We fight and hit and kill.
We battle on and on again
O'er mountain, knoll and hill.
This lasts for days and weeks and then
The dove of Peace does fly,
To save our lives and souls once more
'Til again is our time to die.
And on and on we live this way
Feeling sorrow, grief and despair,
We are taught to love one another,
We ask "But who will care?"
While murder and looting appear in the streets
And crime works its evil way,
The long-haired misfits complain about life;
Will they offer their lives for pay?
Pay for the life of our country
And our banner of red, white and blue.
He died for the lives of our children,
Believing the teachings of you.
What Saith Thee Now, God?

Carolyn R. Gillespie 11th August 1968

------------------------------------------------------------------313---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------314---------------------------------------------------------------

OBITUARY
ALEXANDER FRASER MACPHERSON, W.S.

The Rt. Hon. Lord Drumalbyn writes --
      The death of Fraser Macpherson has caused great sadness. It has deprived us all of one whom we loved and trusted. We shall miss his tall, erect figure towering among our ranks, the very embodiment of honour and integrity. His quiet courtesy, his dignity and his kindness of heart endeared him to all who knew him -- most of all, perhaps, to the members of the Clan Macpherson Association, which he did so much to nurse through its early days to flourishing maturity.

      It would be impossible to over-estimate the debt which the Association owes him. From the time when he became Honorary Treasurer of the Association and Honorary Secretary of the Edinburgh Branch, nobody worked harder to build up the Association and to promote its interests. His office became the pivot of the organisation. Without his unstinted and ungrudging efforts the Association could hardly have survived and would never have attained its present strength. His sagacity and legal knowledge, together with his deep and scholarly interest in the history and affairs of the Clan and in all the activities of the Association were among its most precious assets.

      He became Honorary Secretary in the fourth year of the Association's existence and was re-elected year after year as a matter of course, for nobody could have done the job in these early days nearly so well. He simply could not be spared for any other office. When at last he passed the office on to a worthy successor, he handed over a flourishing organisation pre-eminent among Scottish Clan Societies and firmly based in Scotland.

      To his wife and sons we offer our heart-felt sympathy. We mourn with them, but we also share their proud and grateful memory of a good man, a true friend and a loyal clansman.

***

      A photograph of Fraser appeared in the 1965 issue of Creag Dhubh along with a note of his service to the Association (at page 40); and a much fuller account of his life and work for the Clan is contained in the 1966 issue (at page 98).

Miss S. I. MACPHERSON of Whitstable

____________

MARRIAGES
      In May 1968, John P. Macpherson, Hon. Treasurer, England and Wales Branch, to Miss Sarah Plunket.

      Mr. Ewan L. R. Macpherson of Glentruim and Miss Sandra [Zandra -- RM] J. Hall were married in St. Ninian's Cathedral, Perth, on the 14th of June 1968. Ewan is the only son of the late Lachlan Macpherson of Glentruim and Mrs. Macpherson. Sandra [Zandra] is twin sister of 'Zoe", daughters of Dr. and Mrs, A. H. Hall of Hobart, Stanley, Perthshire.

------------------------------------------------------------------314---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------315---------------------------------------------------------------

BIRTHS

On 13th November, 1968, to Barbara and Neil Macpherson, Hon. Secretary, England and Wales Branch, -- A SON JAMES HARSANT.
_____________________

CLAN HOUSE AND MUSEUM APPEAL

Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------315---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------316---------------------------------------------------------------

List of Contributors with amounts donated
Not included here

------------------------------------------------------------------316---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------317---------------------------------------------------------------

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
SIR,
      The 1967 issue of Creag Dhubh came to hand two days ago, and despite the vicissitudes through which it (and you) have gone, it has turned out to be a most interesting and welcome one. I must congratulate you once more.

      I shall refrain from slamming you in my usual manner this time, point out a couple of minor errors and omissions, and ask you for your help in a number of points that are of particular interest to me. In thanking you for including my article on Cladh Chluanaidh, I should point out that you referred to "Indrigal" (p.167) instead of "Idrigal": is this a typological error, or were you correcting my mistake? -- I would like to know. Secondly, I note, near the bottom of p.151, that an elder son was born seven years after his younger brother! -- I take it that Duncan's date should be 1785, not 1795. Thirdly, I note on p. 153 that Col. Juan Macpherson of Venezuela had two sons; but Don Capriles does not mention them subsequently in the article; it would be good to fill this gap. Lastly, the Scottish Postmaster, Donald Macpherson (p. 154), was at Falkirk, not Dunkirk!! J.E. has a lot of dope on the Venezuela family which Don Capriles does not mention, and he has dope on Donald of Falkirk.

      Your article on the family of William of Glengynack is of great interest to me, not least because it solves many of the problems I have previously run into in collecting information about the families who went out in 1801, 1822 and 1834 to LeRoy (New York), South Lancaster (Ont.) and places further west. Mrs. Costello was, I think, primarily responsible for introducing an extraordinary confusion into the family records of many of these families, for everywhere I've gone I've discovered letters from her, unloading erronious interpretations of family connections which subsequently turn up in the trees of these families. Some of the error stemmed from earlier letters from a sister of the Rev. Alex. M. of Greenock (p.151). Now your use of Capt. MacDonald's notes has cleared the rubble away, and made sense of some of my data. I am most anxious, for my own research (and peace of mind!) to learn if you found any indication whatever as to the source of Capt. MacDonald's information. I know it cannot have come from Mrs. Costello or from the Rev. Alex.'s sister, and it is for that reason that I am most anxious to know its source. It would appear to be much more authoritative than either of those ladies. In particular, I would be glad to know how Capt. M. came by the information about the marriages of James of Culfern and Kerrow in Edinkillie and the connection with Donald Roy of Laggan, as these statements are quite crucial in solving most of my problems.

       I suppose you know, by the way, that Sir John of Nigeria is a descendant of James of Strone and Edinkillie. Pitmain knows something about this.

------------------------------------------------------------------317---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------318---------------------------------------------------------------

      Finally, may I say, Harvey, how much I was moved by your obituary article on your mother, uncles and aunt. I only knew your uncle, Dr. Cluny, but that is a cherished memory. My little son, Ewan, was possibly the last child that he took notice of, for he asked me to bring him round one evening to chat a few days before he died. I am very glad that you wrote that piece.

Yours very sincerely,

ALAN G. MACPHERSON.
Department of Geography,
Memorial University,
St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.

P.S. -- By the way, I have a fairly complete record of the marriage and subsequent baptisms of Donald Roy Macpherson of Laggan and Barbara Macpherson. They married 18 years before they emigrated to Riviere Beaudette, and raised quite a large family. He was well named Donald of Laggan, for his children were born in many different farms: Crubinmore, Gaskbeg, Crubinbeg, Balgown, and I think one child in Edinburgh! The Glentruim farms were the home of Barbara's people, not Donald's.

A.

***

SIR,
      I write in ignorance as to whether anything has come of asking members via Creag Dhubh on the questions which I raised last time on the subject of the early genealogy of the Confederation, but I feel that I must set up this Aunt Sally to be shot at by people more knowledgeable than myself in order to see whether or not my theory holds water. I feel that I have mixed a metaphor or two here.

      Since my last letter I have done a fair amount of reading, note-taking and theorising in order to find a reasonable reconciliation between what has been written on the subject and what is acceptable from the early authorities from which so much Scottish history has been written, in order to try to make an early genealogy.

      I have been comparing Macpherson early sources, notably the 1450 MS from which Sir Aeneas Macpherson deduced his genealogy with what can be found from contemporary sources, particularly from Anderson's Early Sources of Scottish History, Oliver & Boyd, 1922. The Macpherson early sources are obtained from The Chiefs of Clan Macpherson by Macpherson of Dalchully, Oliver & Boyd, 1947, notably from that which appears on page 90 thereof.

      At the same time also I have been going with a fine-toothed comb through what is known of the circumstances behind the Macbeth Insurrection of 1040, in order to find what are the real bases for the claim of the Clan to the Scottish Throne.

      I would like to start by reproducing the genealogy as it appears on page 90 of Chiefs .

      According to the 1450 MS the descent of Cluny was as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------318---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------319---------------------------------------------------------------

      Macheth or Angus is then described as Maormore of Moray and later Earl 1124. Suibne's son is Muireach the Parson.

      Now with all due respect to the late Sir Aeneas there are many suspicious features about this genealogy, namely:
           i. He got it from a MS of 1450. It is too difficult to authenticate the MS, but it is fair to assume that this MS is the writing-down of a tradition. It is clear that at the time the authorities' works had not been gathered together as they have been of late.
           ii. He may have "edited" it for an ulterior motive, particularly when one bears in mind the conflict on the subject of the leadership of Clan Chattan.

      On the other hand there are many features which coincide with modem scholarship on the subject, namely:

      Hence it can be claimed that the 1450 MS was not all unreliable, but that it was as reliable as could be expected after the lapse of 300 years, particularly as the tradition may have been "edited" as it was being laid down.

      The most suspicious feature of the above is that Neachtan is labelled the Maormore of Moray, and that he is genealogically placed to be contemporaneous with Lulach.

      Now this is impossible in that:
           (a) all the Maormores were on the other side, i.e. the royal side; and
           (b) the line of descent makes it that the contemporary Maormore must have been one of the following in this order:

(from Skene's Highlanders and Anderson's The Scottish Nation)
                1. Ruairdhri
                2. Maolbrigde macRuairdhri
                3. Findleach MacRuairdgri
                4. Malcolm macMaolbrigde
                5. Gilconigain macMaolbrigde
                6. Macbeth macFindleach
                7. Lulach macGilcomgain (Skene includes his brother Donald)
                8. Maolsnechtan macLulach
                9. Angus son of the daughter of Lulach

      Moreover there are no recorded chronological gaps in the above table of Maormores.

      Hence he could not have been Maormore at the time of Lulach, or otherwise his name could not have been Neachtan, or otherwise his name could have been Necahtan and he could have been Maormore at some other time. Now we know that the title Maormore of Moray died in 1124 when the first Earl of the same district was created for the man who had actually been Maormore thereof. There is no room for Neachtan Maormore of Moray.

      The question remains obstinately unanswerable, when and/or who was Neachtan?

      Another suspicious circumstance is the fact that any Maormore must have born a Pictish name, and one glance at the names of his forbears on page 91 shews that these names are of Irish origin, or at least of Scots origin.

      Now to quote from the Chronicles of the Picts and Scots as edited by Skene we find a line of descent of Maormore as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------319---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------320---------------------------------------------------------------

      Fercagair Fhoda
      Aircellach
      Ruadri
      Cathmail
      Domnal
      Morgaind
      Ruadri
      Macbeth (1) his brother -- see Orkneying a Saga (Skidmoor 995±)
      Findleach macRuadri his nephew
      Maolbrigde macRuadri
      Malcolm macMaolbrigde
      Gilcomgain mac Maolbridge
      Macbeth (2) macFindleach
      Lulach maeGilcomgain
      Maolsnechtan macLulach
      Heth his son-in-law
      Angus his son

      At the head of this list we see Fercagair Fhoda.
      We see second on the list on page 90 Chiefs Ferchar Fada.
      It seems clear that somewhere knocking about in the traditional fogs is a bunch of names which need sorting out and putting into chronological order.

      If we refer to page cxii Vol. I of Anderson's Early Sources of Scottish History we find that this has been done for us, namely:
           Succession of Kings of Dalriada (dates are severely doubted) --
      Loarn son of Erc           Erc was a lady and appears on p.91
      Fergus son of Erc            (out of sequence)
      Angus son of Erc
      Domangart son of Fergus 501-506 AD
      Comgall son of Domangart 506-537
      Gabran son of Domangart 537-559           Is this Galbrait the Lecturer?
      Conall son of Comgall 559-574
      Aidan son of Gabran 574-608
      Eochaid Buide son of Aidan -- 630
      Connad Cerr son of Conall 630 --
      Donald Brecc son of Eochaid 630-645
      Ferchar son of Conadd Cerr 635-651       Ferchar Fada? page 91 Fercagair Fhoda? Skene
      Conall Crandomna son of Eochaid 651-659
      Duncan son of Duban 651-659
      Domangart son of Donald Brecc -- 673
      Maelduin son of Conall Crandomna 673-688
      Donald Dondson of Crandomna - 696
      Ferchar Fota son of Feredach 677-697           coinciding with page 91
      Eochaid son of Domangart 695-697
      Ainfellach son of Ferchar Fota 697-698            Is this Skene's Aircellach?
      Fiannmail son of Ossene son of Duncan -700
      Selbach son of Ferchar 701-723
      Dungal son of Selbach 723-726
      Eochaid son of Eoachaid 726-733
      Eogan son of Findan -733
      Dungal son of Selbach 733-736
      Muiredoch son of Ainfellach 733-756
      Alpin son of Eochaid 736-741
      Indrechtach son of Fiannamail 741--
      Eogan son of Muiredach 741-747
      Aed Find son of Eochaid 748-778
      Fergus son of Eocbaid 778-781
      Eochaid 781--
      Donald son of Constantine 781-805
      Dondcorci -792
      Conall Coem son of Tadc 805-807
      Conall son of Aidan 807-811
      Constantine son of Fergus 811-820
      Angus son of Fergus 820-834
      Aed son of Boanta 834-839
       Eoganan son of Angus 836-839
      Alpin son of Eochaid 839-841
      Kenneth mac Alpin 841-843

------------------------------------------------------------------320---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------321---------------------------------------------------------------

      We find that not only that some of the names already recorded do in fact occur, but also that they can be out of sequence. Moreover many more names occur in later research.

      This indicates that the old traditions did have a basis of accuracy, but not of complete accuracy, in the matter of sequence or of completeness. It also indicates that whereas page 90 shews two lines of descent which ultimately coalesced, there is only one line of descent via the Dalriadic kings, the kings of Alban and via the Maormors. The traditional names should have been in better order and many names were missed out or forgotten, particularly in the 1450 MS.

      This single line of descent should include Neachtan Maormore of Moray. I consider that in the 1450 [MS] he was misnamed and that his name should have been quoted as Maolsnechtan macLulach Maormore of Moray. If we do this then our worries about him are over. The tradition at the time in names was that exemplified by his relations, Maelbrigte, Maelbaethe, Maelculaimb, Gillechattan, Gilliecomgain inter alia. It would appear from this that one who wanted to name his son after the Saint Nechtan would name him Maolsnechtan rather than Neachtan. See St. Neachtain, page 517, The Book of Saints by The Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate; May 2, 5th Century near kinsman of Saint Patrick, at whose death, according to tradition, he was present.

      This brings us to Gillechattan Mor himself. I have sought to shew that traditional lines of descent can be deficient and disordered, and when we bear in mind that the line of succession was collateral rather than father to son, it might well be that Gillechattan Mor was described as Neachtan's father when in fact he may have been his brother or uncle, or he may be much later.

      It may well be that Gillechattan Mor was a title rather than a name, particularly as the Title "Mor" is added. In that case, what was his name? Unfortunately I can find no documentary evidence in re Gillechattan Mor. Hence I am driven to the traditions.

      I quote:
            from Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands, Alexander Macpherson, Blackwood & Sons 1893: a quotation from Douglas' Baronage of Scotland:
            "Muriach or Murdoch, who being a younger brother, was bred to the Church, and was parson of Kingussie, then a large and honourable benefice: but, upon the death of his elder brother without issue, he became head of his family, and captain of the Clan Chattan. He thereupon obtained a dispensation from the Pope, anno 1173, and married a daughter of the Thegn of Cawdor, by whom he had five sons.
                  Gillechattan his heir . . . .

            from the same book:
                  1214-1249      "Gillicattan, third of that name lived in the reign of King Alexander II and left one son."

            from Skene, Vol. 1, Highlanders:                   "Gillichattan the grandfather of Gillipatrick . . .

            from The Clans and Tartans of Scotland, Robert Bain:
                  1291       "Gillechattan Mor is claimed to have been the first authentic chief and from him descended Eva . . . .

            The Chiefs of Clan Macpherson claimed the chiefship of Clanchattan on the grounds that they were descended

------------------------------------------------------------------321---------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------322---------------------------------------------------------------

from Muireach the Parson of Kingussie (1173) who was also chief . . .

            from The Clans, Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands, Frank Adam:
                  "Macpherson. This clan derive