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Masthead

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Dedicated to

Ewen George Macpherson of Cluny Macpherson,

Chief of the Clan, and

Hon. President of the Clan Association.

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FOREWORD,
      IN this our second number, the Editor has in general kept to the highly successful lay-out set by his predecessor, the Reverend Robert Macpherson. To him, indeed, goes all credit for the success of CREAG DHUBH. The difficulties of producing a first number were his; and the result, CREAG DHUBH No. 1, has been widely praised. It was described as "a model association journal," by, let us add, a non-Macpherson source, The Scots Yearbook.

      The new cover this year is the result of suggestions from a number of members and discussion by the Council. So let any other readers who may have suggestions to make, voice their opinions. We want to keep our magazine alive, fresh, and right up to date with the needs and wishes of members.

      The results of the past year have been gratifying; with increased membership, circulation goes up, and, to use no figure of speech, is world-wide. And is it too much to hope that CREAG DHUBH will make more friends outside the circle of Clann Mhurich folk ? As a link between families in all parts of the world often previously unknown to one another, and leading every kind of life, our journal can contribute something to the cause of peace. The Clansmen of two centuries ago would, we are sure, wish their Gathering Cry CREAG DHUBH CLANN CHATTAIN ! put to no better use to-day.

                                                                           COLIN C. I. MURDOCH, Editor,

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BRATACH UAINE.

     OUR new cover design shows the Coat-of-Arms which appears on Bratach Uaine, the Green Banner of the Chiefs of the Macphersons. This banner, it is said, was embroidered by the ladies of the Clan and wherever it was displayed the Clan was successful.

      The Crest of the Association, which appears on the inside title page, is part of the Registered Crest of the present Cluny, which he has allowed the Association to use as its Crest.

      Clansmen will also be familiar with the sitting cat, the Crest of the Clan, not to be confused with that of the Association.

___________________

CRAIG DHU.

                                     Rising to meet the kisses of the sky,
                                     The Ages grey upon its rugged face,
                                     That brave old pillar of a brave old race
                                     Stands out as from a mist of days gone by,
                                     A sculptured echo of their battle-cry ;
                                     Pink-hushed with careless wreath of heather bells,
                                     And bright with brimming eyes of fairy wells
                                    That burst in silver tears o'er ledges high
                                     For heroes gone, for battles lost and won,
                                     For hearts no golden bribes could tempt or turn
                                     Against their Chief, who served fair Scotland's son,
                                     E'en after sorrow-mourned Culloden's urn.
                                     STAND FAST CRAIG DHU! The older days are done,
                                     But in their memory we live and burn.
                                                                                     -- ROCHER MACPHERSON.

From Chambers Journal, August, 1949. Reproduced by permission of the Editor.
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CREAG DHUBH.

THE ANNUAL OF THE CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION.

____________________

All contributions, advertisements, etc. should be sent to:
Colin C. I. Murdoch,
Editor, " Creag Dhubh,"
c/o J. & R. Simpson, 52 Kempock Street, Gourock.

_________________________________________

CONTENTS.


Page
Foreword     5
Contents     8
The Rally, 1949,     9
Photo of Hon. Ewen A. Mcpherson, Chairman of the Canadian Branch   13
The Rally 1949 -- Forming up for the Clan March   14
Obituary.   17
News and Notes   21
Note: News from the U.S.A.   21
Note: Annual Genersl Meeting 1950.   22
Notes: Uses of the Title "of Cluny".   22
Reports from the Branches   24
The Chief, the Clan and the Lands by W. G. Macpherson of Dalchully   28
Gathering of the Clans, 1951   31
Balance Sheet of Association Accounts   32
Clan Relics [List of Acquisitions as of May 1949]   34
List of Members, UK   37
Photograph of Tom Macpherson, Chairman and
Daniel Macpherson, Chairman of the New Zealand Branch
  39
Photograph of the Clan March, 1949   40
List of Members, Overseas Branches   41-52
Membership Summary as of 31 October 1949   52

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CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION.

Hon. President:
EWEN GEORGE MACPHERSON of CLUNY MACPHERSON,

Chief of the Clan. Hon. Vice-President:
Col A. K. MACPHERSON of Pitmain. M.V.O., Kingussie

COUNCIL.
OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION.

Chairman :
TOM MACPHERSON, M.P., Fairstead, Great Warley, Essex.

Vice-Chairman :
Lt-Col. Allan I. MACPHERSON, INNIE, KILNINVER, OBAN, Argyll.

Hon. Secretary:
NIALL MACPHERSON, M.P., High Larch, Iver Heath, Bucks.

Hon. Treasurer :
A. F. MACPHERSON, W.S., 16 Castle Street, Edinburgh,

Registrar :
NORMAN L. MACPHERSON, 44 Berridale Avenue, Cathcart, Glasgow, S.4.

MEMBERS OF COUNCIL:


BADENOCH- Provost EVAN CATTANACH, Kingussie.

JOHN STEWART MACPHERSON, Craigpahadrig, Kingussie
EAST OF SCOTLAND- A.I.S. MACPHERSON, M.B., F.R.C.S.26 Learmonth Crescent, Edinburgh, 4.

HUGH MACPHERSON73 Balgreen Road, Edinburgh, 12.

WEST OF SCOTLAND- Rev. ROBERT MACPHERSON, M.A.Craigrownie Manse, Cove, Dumbartonshire.

HAMISH MACPHERSON,1356 Pollokshaws Road, Glasgow, S.1,
INVERNESS &
NORTH OF SCOTLAND-
JOHN MACPHERSON,St. Margarets, Midmills Road.

ALLAN G. MACPHERSON, Tigh-Tiorail, 32 Crown Drive.
ENGLAND & WALES- Lt.-Col. DUNCAN 1. MACPHERSON
OF BANCHOR, O.B.E.,
Bideford, Devon.

J. GORDON MACPHERSON,Normans, Great Warley, Brentwood, Essex.
CANADA- Col. G. W. McPHERSON,142 Crichton Street, Ottawa.

Col. E. R. RIVERS MACPHERSON,
O.B.E., F.R.S.A., F.R.G.S.,
16 Delaware Avenue, Ottawa.
NEW ZEALAND- ROBERT McPHERSON, C.B.E. P.O. Box 1280, Christchurch.

DANIEL MACPHERSONSec. 7, Otahuti R.D., Southland.

Clan Pipers :
ANGUS MACPHERSON, Invershin.

Hon. Auditor .
KENNETH N. McPHERSON, C.A., Edinburgh.

Editor of Clan Annual:
COLIN C.I. MURDOCH
c/o J & R Simpson
52 Kempock Street, Gourock

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THE RALLY, 1949.
      THE third annual Rally was held at Kingussie from Friday, 22nd, to Sunday, 24th of July. The opening event was a colourful Highland Ball in the pleasant and roomy dance hall of the Royal Hotel, Kingussie. The right tartan was all that was needed as introduction, and with the air of a gathering of old friends, as indeed many of us now are, the guests assembled, being welcomed and introduced by Tom Macpherson, our Association's Chairman.

      Soon after eight the Ball opened with the Grand March, and a large gathering of dancers enjoyed several hours of dancing, items old and new, Highland and Sassenach alternating in an excellent programme. There was a most lavish buffet provided by the Royal Hotel staff to all of whom we are particularly grateful. During the course of the evening the Chairman introduced and welcomed Daniel Macpherson from Southland, New Zealand, who, was visiting Badenoch country for the first time during a short stay in the United Kingdom with a party of fellow New Zealanders. Dan, as we know him, speaking in reply, said that it was a great experience for him to find himself in the midst of a gay Highland Ball with an air of old times about it.

      The small hours of the morning saw most of us in bed gaining strength for the next day's big events. Favoured by fine weather we looked forward to a Gathering in Kingussie as successful as the two outstanding previous Rallies at Newtonmore.

      In spite of early morning rain clouds, we were not to be disappointed. Once again, everything seemed in our favour and for Kingussie's turn to welcome us, the sun shone. It was real "Macpherson weather." Before the Games, however, there was much work to be got through in the morning. The Association Council met first and deliberated ensconced in the comfort of an ante-room of St. Andrew's Church Hall. The Annual General Meeting of the Association followed, in the main hall. There was a good attendance, and as in all Clan meetings there was a "family" atmosphere about the proceedings which made a pleasure of business.

      After the minutes of the last meeting had been read by the Secretary, Niall Macpherson, M.P., and approved, the Chairman, Tom Macpherson, read messages of welcome from Cluny in Australia, Chief of the Clan and also Honorary President of the Clan Association, and from New Zealand mid Canada. They all
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sent best wishes for the success of the Rally. The Secretary then spoke of our loss in the death of Alastair Macpherson-Grant, one of the founder members of the Association, and a leading member of the Clan.

      During the meeting Daniel Macpherson, whom we had already had the pleasure of meeting at the Ball the night before, was officially introduced. He told us that he had come expecting to be an onlooker but found himself brought into the full business as a high official. He said that his branch in Southland, New Zealand, was now flourishing and that great keenness was shown by all Macphersons over there. He was proud to be in Badenoch for the first time at the headquarters of the Clan; on crossing the Border coming north from England there had been some excitement among his party, and songs, such as "Ye Banks and Braes . . . " were sung with vigour! Our New Zealand friend then showed us the gift he had brought from his branch, a Maori brooch which was to be presented to an outstanding competitor at the Games in the afternoon.

      Re-election of office-bearers and presentation of the annual balance sheet by the Treasurer, A. F. Macpherson, followed. Colonel Allan I. Macpherson of Argyllshire was elected Vice-Chairman, in place of Colonel A. K. Macpherson of Pitmain who was retiring from that office and was now elected an Honorary Vice-President. The other principal officials were all re-elected for another term of office.

      The Chairman then put forward the proposal that no full-scale Rally should be held in 1950, for two main reasons, that there was going to be a large-scale Rally of all Clans in Edinburgh in 1951, and members' energies should be conserved for this, and also because many people found it impossible to get away every year at the time of the Rally in Badenoch, especially members with families; it would be a pity, the Chairman added, if the Rally were allowed to shrink in scope through difficulties of attendance every year. It would be better to guarantee a really first-class gathering perhaps every two or even three years. After some discussion, the general feeling of the meeting seemed to be in approval of there being no grand Rally the following year, and that future plans should be left open at this stage. If a Rally were held outside Badenoch, it was stressed that it should at least be "this side of the Border!" Niall, our Secretary, pointed out that though a Rally might be held outside Badenoch, and he agreed "this side of the Border," the annual general meeting would still be planned for Badenoch. Some social event in conjunction with the meeting should take place, it was further agreed, in years when there was no full-scale Rally.

      With an air of cheerful anticipation, members retired for lunch and reassembled at 1.15 at the Cross in Kingussie main street. In bright sunshine, marching members began to form up behind the
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colour party and the pipe band of the Highland Light Infantry which was attending through the kindness of the Commanding Officer at Fort George. The standard-bearer was Iain Macpherson, of Inverness, a sturdy Clansman who looked the part. The eight other members of the colour party were Hugh Macpherson, of Edinburgh; Oliver Macpherson, of Inverness, who carried the Charmed Sword; Provost Evan Cattanach, of Kingussie; Robert Gillies, representing Glasgow; Colin Murdoch, from Perthshire; Hamish Macpherson, from London; Stewart Macpherson, from Cove; and John Macpherson, of Kingussie. The march was led by Tom Macpherson; behind him came other members of the Council, Niall Macpherson, M.P., A. F. Macpherson, treasurer, the Reverend Robert Macpherson, M.A., of Craigrownie, Colonel Allan I. Macpherson, of Oban, and then a good company of Clansmen from all parts. The ladies and children followed, gay in tartan and bright colours. One small Clansman was noticed resting on his father's shoulders before the column moved off ; but, a five-year-old, he marched all the way.

      The brilliance and warmth of the sun recalled the memorable first Rally at Newtonmore in 1947. The pipe band played the Macpherson March and the column swung through the streets of Kingussie between smiling and waving spectators, including many visitors and holiday makers, and cameras clicked. At the Games Ground, out on the grassy flats beside the winding Spey, the column marched round the arena and then formed up to hear the words of welcome from the Chairman of the Badenoch and Rothiemurchus Highland Games Committee, Mr William Grant of Aviemore. He had kindly arranged for the start of the main games to be postponed till 2.15 to give us plenty of time for the Clan March. In reply to Mr Grant's kind wishes for the success of this and all future Rallies of the Association, our Chairman then spoke saying that it was a great honour to us Macphersons to be able to hold our Rally here in Kingussie, the Capital of Badenoch and home town of the Clan. We were proud to march once more through Kingussie's streets.. The Chairman added that the Clan Macpherson Association could safely claim to be one of the most thriving clan associations in the world, with a membership of over seven hundred throughout the world.

      During the course of the Games the Maori brooch from the New Zealand branch was presented to Miss Isobel Stewart, the best all-round performer in the girls' Highland Dancing section. The, rest of the games ran with the smoothness of a thoroughly well-organised meeting, and all the traditional events of Highland games were included in the vigorous and enjoyable programme. The Association's thanks for their help are due to the Games Committee. There was an attendance of around three thousand a good background for our Rally.

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      When the call for tea was felt, members gathered in St. Andrew's Hall once more where Mrs Evan Cattanach and her lady helpers had ready a lavishly displayed tea. Tea was never more welcome, and this informal meeting, with friends old and new, was an exceptionally agreeable round-off to the afternoon.

      That evening, the Newtonmore folk had their turn to entertain us, and this they did very well with the customary Ceilidh in the Newtonmore village hall, followed by a dance. Tom Macpherson and Provost Evan Cattanach ably conducted the proceedings, and Dugald Campbell of Laggan acted as M.C. for the dance. The Ceilidh opened with piping by Hugh Macpherson of Edinburgh, and a grand! programme (correctly informal enough not to be a programme in the strict sense, and thus keeping to the tradition of the friendly gathering, the Ceilidh), included singing, dancing, playing and recitations. Though we missed the singing of the Newtonmore Senior Choir, who were not present, the junior Choir sustained the programme splendidly and their singing was beautiful, under their conductor Miss Ross. They worked very hard, and we enjoyed hearing them. Mrs Evan Cattanach and her daughter, Joyce, sang solos and duets for us; ever-popular James Scott from Kinloch Rannoch sang and recited and displayed his famous double-touried bonnet for the lively song on the subject of "tourie on his bonnet"; and a local team of girls gave us some very good dancing. Niall Macpherson, our versatile secretary, accompanied at the piano. So the evening passed all too quickly till it was time for the dance. Swiftly the chairs were cleared from the floor, and we were into the dance. This, a less formal affair than the Ball on the previous Friday, was open to all comers; and everyone certainly seemed to come. As in earlier years, the dance developed into a pretty lively affair in a packed hall. Dancers put every ounce of their unlimited energy into the dances, old and new, and it was a whole-hearted and very happy ending to the social events of the Rally.

Remember the Past But Live in the Present
      On Sunday morning, at eleven, a large congregation of Clansfolk and Kingussie people attended a special service in St. Columba's Church. The Service was conducted by the Reverend Adam Macpherson of Donne, Perthshire. It was a morning of sunshine, and the picture of so many friends from distant places as well as from next door assembling at this beautiful old church among the trees on a knoll overlooking the Spey valley, was unforgettable.

      Mr Macpherson took as his texts Deuteronomy 32, v. 7: "Remember the days of old. Consider the years of many generations. Ask thy father and he will shew thee, thy elders and they will tell thee" ; and, Philippians 3, v. 13, 14: "Forgetting those things which are behind thee, press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christianity." in an impressive and inspiring sermon the preacher said:-- "Like not a few of the utterances of the Bible, these two passages

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of Scripture appear on the surface to contradict one another. But if we follow them into their deeper meaning they unite in harmony."

      Mr Macpherson went on to describe the services of commemoration, remembering past achievements, conducted in the Army. These services were, however, time wasted if the spiritual and moral level of the men was not raised, as it invariably was.

      "This theme can be developed to our advantage to-day as we foregather in this lovely church on the occasion of the third Rally of the Clan. We are here to gain inspiration and to give expression to our loyal attachment to that kind of patriotism which, however unfashionable in some quarters, will never die. To acknowledge our love of the land that bred us, the soil that nourished us, the hills and shores the shape of which meant home and beauty to us.

      "How can we fail to gain inspiration from this visit to the place where our clansmen of former days lived and made history. Dwell for a moment on the loyalty and the courage and endurance shown Under the most testing circumstances by men and women of our own name in former generations. But above all, remember that they never wavered in their primary loyalty to God yet offering full allegiance to their chief.

      "Then how does Paul's advice to forget those things that are past fit in with this insistence on remembering? I think that he was attempting to point out the danger of living in the past and so failing in our duty to the present. The apostle's words declare that progress is the law of healthy life. Is there anything more distressing than the finding of a man or group of men who live on the credit built up by their forefathers and are satisfied to stagnate. On the other hand nothing is more refreshing than to discover men whose minds and spirits are continually on the move. In the log book of Columbus on his voyage across the unknown Atlantic the most common entry was, 'To-day we sailed on.'

      "Whilst remembering the valuable features of the clan system, let us forget the limiting factors that shut men off from their fellow men creating suspicion, hatred, and bloodshed. Our Clan Association must not result in alienating us from our fellows but rather in drawing us closer to them.

      "So I advise each one of you to go back to that part of the world where you are living out your lives with fresh dedication and new inspirations. There could be no. time more opportune than the present. The world situation requires men and women willing to consecrate their talents, time, and money for its enrichment.

      "Paul, with his deep knowledge of life told the Philippians that if they would be in the van of human progress they must accept the direction of Christ in their lives. So will it ever be."

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NEW ZEALANDERS MESSAGE.
     Daniel Macpherson, Chairman of the Southland Branch, New Zealand, left us with this message as mark of his enjoyment of the Rally:

      "As an executive member of the Clan Macpherson Association, from Southland, I would like to say what a delight it has been to me to be at this the third Annual Rally in our old ancestral home of Badenoch.

      "The grace and dignity of the Clan Highland Ball, the march to the Games on Saturday, the Ceilidh that evening, and the church service on Sunday morning have all been most impressive and enjoyable. And I would like to assure our Clansmen overseas that a visit such as this is an experience never to be forgotten."

IMPRESSIONS OF THE RALLY BY A FRENCH SCHOOLBOY.
      A schoolboy from France was at Kingussie with his host, A. F. Macpherson, our Treasurer. He wrote a long and interesting description of his visit from which we give an extract.

      On the journey North from Edinburgh he was absorbed by the Forth Bridge and the railway journey through "bare and softly rounded hills where the heather flowed" to Kingussie. "We were accommodated at the house of Mrs Macintyre who was delighted to board us, and whose skill as a cook was much appreciated. At night a Ball, with buffet, opened the festivities. There we met many Macphersons whom I had known in Edinburgh. To rhythmic music everyone, including the elder ladies, danced, with shouts and gesticulations."v       Impressed by the Clan March, the pipe band and the Clan Banner borne proudly to the Games, which he styles " Olympic games on a small scale," he goes on to describe the dancing competitions; "The sword dance, alternately very quick and very slow, punctuated by war cries, the rhythm of the dance reminding me of the 3rd phase of the 2nd part of the 'Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2.' The fundamental Scottish step, the 'Pas de Basque' was explained to me and I could recognise a similarity to some Pyrenean dances."

      Of the ceilidh at Newtonmore he says, "There was no lack of bagpipes, folk songs with melancholy airs, and good stories; but not: understanding a word of Gaelic I was rather bewildered." (He could have consoled himself with the thought that the audience was by no means all Gaelic-speaking!).

      With proper schoolboy gusto, he concludes: "And finally the copious farewell repast at the house of Mrs and Miss Murchie, friends of my host. Could I imagine a more pleasant culmination to my short stay in Scotland."

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OBITUARY.
      We regret to have to record the deaths of the undernoted members and send to their relatives our sympathy:
      North Scotland.--Sir Thomas Stewart Macpherson, Kt.,C.I.E.,LL.D., J.P., Newtonmore.

      East Scotland.-- Miss Jessie Anderson Macpherson, 15 E. Hermitage Place, Leith.

      West Scotland.-- Miss Mary Macpherson, 111 McCulloch Street, Glasgow, S. 1.

      England and Wales.-- Alastair Macpherson Grant, London.
                               Mrs D. W. Macpherson, Forest-Kerry, Newton, Mon.

      Canada. -- Mrs Edith Macpherson, 700 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

     The following tribute to the late Alastair Macpherson-Grant is by our Chairman, Mr Tom Macpherson:

ALASTAIR MACPHERSON-GRANT, F.R.G.S.
      Alastair Macpherson-Grant and I had a close association for many years. I first met him in connection with the Clan Chattan Association, and when I took him into my confidence about starting an Association for Macphersons, he took no umbrage but gave me the greatest encouragement and help on every occasion.

      He was full of Clan lore, and had many papers and documents relating to our clan history. About a year ago, he arrived up at my office in London with a portmanteau full of these papers and asked me to accept them on behalf of the Association, which I did. I think he knew then that his days were numbered. His cheery personality and warm friendship will be missed at our Clan Meetings for many a year to come, but his memory will remain green with us for all time."

      From the " Badenoch Record
           "Late Mr A. Macpherson-Grant.-- The death took place in a London nursing home on Tuesday of last week (21st June, 1949), of Mr Alastair Macpherson-Grant, F.R.G.S., youngest son of the late Sir George Macpherson-Grant of Ballindalloch, third baronet, and uncle of the present baronet. He was 74 years of age. Mr Macpherson-Grant was formerly in the Sudan Government service. He was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and a keen student of Highland history. For a time he acted as editor of the Clan Chattan Magazine. Mr Macpherson-Grant was predeceased by his wife in 1945, and is survived by three daughters, the eldest of whom is Baroness Deramore."

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      The following tribute to the late Sir Stewart Macpherson is from our Chairman, Mr Tom Macpherson --

SIR THOMAS STEWART MACPHERSON, C.I.E., LL.D., J.P.
      "The passing of Sir Thomas Stewart Macpherson of Newtonmore, our Hon. Vice-President, has left a gap in our ranks which it will be impossible to fill.

      "The Clan Macpherson was one of his greatest interests all the years I knew him, and there is little doubt that he was one of the greatest authorities on the history and folk lore of the Clan. The idea of forming a Clan Macpherson Association naturally excited his interest, and from the very beginning of our activities he was a keen and active supporter. In my own work in connection with the organisation of the Association I looked upon him as my guide, philosopher and friend on Clan matters, and the news of his death came to me as a keen personal loss.

      "The sympathy of every Clansman both at home and abroad will go out to Lady Macpherson and his distinguished family with the assurance that their father and our friend will never be forgotten."

     We are indebted to Niall Macpherson, M.P., for the following biographical note :--

SIR THOMAS STEWART MACPHERSON, C.I.E., LL.D., J.P.
      "My father was born on August 21st, 1876, at Strone House, a croft then in the Parish of Kingussie. He was called after a favourite uncle of his father's, killed in the Crimean War and after his mother's family. His early recollections were of herding cattle with a school-book in his hand. It was not very long before he attracted the attention of Mrs Brewster-Macpherson, the mother of the late beloved Laird of Balavil. who at that time lived in the Red House at the top of the station road. She gathered the children of the village round her and in her regular classes introduced them in vivid fashion to the masters of literature and the great events of history. To her inspiration and culture he owed much of his future success. It was not only in the schoolroom that he showed promise, for he was keen-eyed, deft and quick on the shinty field. (Later his aptitude for games enabled him to become an accurate shot, a good tennis player and a sound golfer, despite a somewhat individual style). Fishing was always is favourite pastime. All his life be would alarm the women-folk by setting off at dawn on an expedition and not returning until after midnight.

      "It was on one of these expeditions that at the age of eleven he made a chance encounter which had a great influence on his future career. Sheltering in a bothy on Loch Erichtside during a rainstorm he was passing the time with a Greek grammar, when a brake drew up. One of the occupants was the Rev. Dr. George Philip. A year or so later when my father went South with a bursary to George Watson's College, Edinburgh, Dr. Philip took

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him under his wing, and for the next eight or nine years hardly a week passed during term-time but my father spent some hours of it in Dr. Philip's house. It was in acknowledgment of this debt that he called his second son (G. P. S.), after his benefactor.

      "No less typical was his action in calling the first son (Dr. J. A. S.), after his two grandfathers, for he was always a stickler for tradition and what was 'correct.'

      "At Edinburgh University, to which he went at seventeen, he excelled in Classics, obtaining the medal in Greek in a class which included Professor Rennie of Glasgow University and Dr. W. C. Curtis, lately Principal of New College, Edinburgh. Another who attended many of the same classes was Helen Cameron, his future wife. After obtaining his Honours Degree at Edinburgh he went as a scholar to Trinity College, Oxford. There he spent two years before passing high up into the Indian Civil Service. He used to recount, rather ruefully, how he would have been among the first three had he not scored almost zero in the riding test. Small of stature, he was bidden to mount and master a huge black mare of fiery disposition, which I think must have played some part in his dreams in after life.

      "He chose to go to the province of Bengal. When later on it was divided, he was posted to Bihar and Orissa. During his career in India he acquired four languages and became an expert on the customs and history of his province. His personal courage and impartiality caused him to be singled out to preside over several difficult trials, among which was the Balapur trial of the Sikhs who came from the United States to cause trouble to the British Raj during the First World War. He was Secretary to the Legislative Council at the time when the Montague-Chelmsford "dyarchy" reforms were first put into effect in the provinces and the executive became answerable to the legislative assemblies in each province. His skill in handling the new reform earned him the C.I.E. He finally rose to be Chief English Puisne judge, responsible for the organisation and supervision of the judiciary in the province, and was Knighted in the New Year's Honours 1933 when his younger brother Ian became a Baronet. His outstanding administrative capacity found further scope when he was made Vice-Chancellor of Patna University at a time of exceptional unrest among the students.

      "He retired from the service in 1936. No more eloquent evidence of the respect in which he was held could be found than the fact that his death over thirteen years later was marked by a day of mourning in the University and special tributes in the High Court. Patna -- honours which are all the more remarkable in that in the meantime India had achieved her Independence.

      "Among his distinctions my father was particularly proud of his Masonic honours founder member and later Worshipful Grand Master of Lodge Parna (India) Deputy First Grand Principal of the Royal Arch Chapter (Scotland), and Grand Superintendent of the

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Provincial Chapter of Inverness -- and of the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws conferred upon him after his retirement, by his old University.

      "My father never failed to write weekly to each one of his seven children. Sometimes when my mother was with him in India, he would add merely some colourful remark. His most famous post-script was in a letter to my youngest brother, R. T. S., whose hardiness in matters of dress alarmed him ; 'Avoid nudism, no monkey tricks, T. S. M.,' he wrote-advice which Tommy duly ignored and thereby equipped himself for his distinguished wartime record in the Commandos and in enemy-occupied countries.

      "Throughout his years in India my father maintained his connection with Badenoch. My mother declares that when the mail arrived, it was the Badenoch Record that he used to open first. Little wonder that when he retired he came back to live in his father's house in Newtonmore, 'Speyville.' Up to the outbreak of war, he continued to enjoy his fishing and golf and to work in his garden, but the anxieties of having four sons in the Army, one for long a Prisoner, told on his health. So long as his health lasted he always placed his services unreservedly at the disposal of the community, and he took a leading part in local government as Chairman of the District Council and member of the County Council. He was also chairman of the National Liberal Association for Inverness-shire -- for he was a life-long Liberal with a national outlook. He was an Elder of Newtonmore Church and a member of Abernethy Presbytery. His knowledge of the Highlands and of law made him a very useful member of Church of Scotland Committees. Finally he took a great interest in the formation of the Clan Macpherson Association.

      "During my boyhood, my father was very rarely at home and was not until later years that I came to know him intimately. As a boy, I remember how the high standard that he set used to appal me. He expected me to find my way at five, to do money, long division at seven, to learn Pericles' speech in the Greek at fifteen and to have the same facility in languages as he had, forgetting that he had had the advantage of being bi-lingual.

      "He took infinite pains with everything he did. I remember too, how, when over sixty, he ran to help when he saw a horse slip and fall in Princes Street. His memory was astounding, his application relentless, and his energy unflagging. In 1913 while on leave from India, he qualified as a Barrister at the Middle Temple. He rarely forgot a name or a face and he could generally recall the owner's personal and family history. His knowledge of family history and topography in Badenoch was unrivalled ; and yet he could rarely be persuaded to set much down on paper. This I think was due to his passion for accuracy and his unwillingness to do anybody less than justice. Indeed, his outstanding characteristics were his modesty, his fairness and his determination, once he was satisfied as to what was the right thing to do, to see that it was done."

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NEWS AND NOTES.

News Note from U.S.A.
      News of interest is given in a letter to Niall Macpherson, our Secretary, from his brother Archie. We are grateful to Niall for his permission to publish the following extract from an exceptionally informative letter:--
      "William S. Macpherson, Masters, Colorado, owns and runs a cattle ranch, and if any of the Clan want a holiday of a different sort I'm sure this is the place to go. He is about sixty, a perpetual enthusiast. He was visiting the home of his sister Miss Louise McPherson (spelt thus without the 'a' by the older generation here), whose family own a large farm at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Maryland. This family springs from two Kingussie people, Robert and Janet McPherson, who emigrated to Gettysburg about 1690. At Gettysburg there is still a branch of the family and there is a copse known as McPherson's woods."

News of Phoness Macphersons.
      An impressive document has been received from Mrs Macpherson-Costello, a descendant from the Phoness Macphersons. Space forbids us to print the detailed genealogical tables and notes she has sent us, but anybody who is interested personally is asked to write to Mrs Macpherson-Costello direct, or to the Editor.

      Here is a short extract from her letter:            "I believe with a few exceptions, all the Phoness Macphersons are in Canada and the United States. My maternal great grandfather, Alexander Macpherson fair,[sic] and his wife Lillias, came over in 1801, landing at the port of New York, travelled to Canada, settling in Lancaster, Glengarry County, Ontario, which was entirely a Scots settlement. He was accompanied by his first cousin Black Alexander Macpherson, who settled at what is now Le Roy, N.Y. His descendants are many there, and one family still lives in the Pioneer homestead, which is a very beautiful place."

      Mrs Macpherson-Costello's work, the immense labour of which can be appreciated by reading through the papers she sends us, has been the expanding and carrying on of the ancestral research begun by her mother, Anne Cameron Macpherson, wife of John Angus Macpherson. Her descent she traces right back to the Great King Bryachan of the Picts through his daughter Cadathog. "Consequently," she says, "all Macphersons are descended from this great personage (her daughter Sanans married our ancestor The Great Gilliecattan, Chief of our Clan). She shows 27 generations in direct descent from King Bryachan to her own generation.

      Mrs Macpherson-Costello is particularly anxious to make

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contact with the descendants of Alexander Macpherson, author of Church and Social Life in the Highlands, as she believes that they are "of Phoness." Her address is: Mrs Macpherson-Costello, 371 East 21st Street, Apt. 3-a, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.

***

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, 1950.
      The Annual General Meeting of the Association will be held at Newtonmore on Saturday, August 26th. The Meeting will be followed by tea and a social function in Newtonmore in the evening. Further details will be issued to all members later.

ASSOCIATION BADGES
.       The Council would remind members that a supply of the Association Badges is held by the Registrar, Mr Norman L. Macpherson, 44 Berridale Avenue, Glasgow, S.4, who will forward, postage paid, on receipt of remittance of 7/6 for each Badge required.

THE USE OF THE TITLE " OF CLUNY."
      It seems worth quoting from correspondence on this subject which has been brought to our notice, for the interest of members.

      The Lord Lyon, King of Arms, states:--
           "The official rule observed in regard to the use of such designation as part of a name or as a designation, is that they are officially recognised only in the case of
           1. The Chief.
           2. The Chief's wife.
           3. The Chief's eldest son.
           4. The Chief's eldest son's wife (both of these usually
with the adjection 'younger').
           5. The Chief's daughters.           )
           6. The Chief's eldest grandson > being children of the Chief's eldest son.
           7. The Chief's grand-daughters )

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CHANGE OF ADDRESS, ETC.

      The Council of the Association would be grateful if changes of address, marriages or bereavements could be, as soon after the event as may be conveniently possible, sent to the Registrar, Mr Norman L. Macpherson, 44 Berridale Avenue, Glasgow, S.4.

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THE CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION.
      Macpherson and Macintosh adherents, as well as Farquharsons, Davidsons, Shaws, and others, have a close interest in the great Clan Chattan, the ancient Confederacy of Northern clans. The Clan Chattan Association has been in existence for many years, and all those entitled to membership are encouraged to join. The excellent journal of the Association, Clan Chattan, contains a great deal of interest to all "Cattanachs." The Editor is Murdoch Macintosh, The Castle, Inverness. The Hon. Treasurer of the Association will supply enrolment forms and any further information that may be required. His address is:- J. C. McHardy, 2 Stoneyfields Lane, Edgware, Middlesex.

_______________

THE SCOTS YEAR BOOK
      The Scots Year Book, a compact little volume of close on 150 pages, contains a mass of information about Scottish societies all over the world. There is a list of 1500 in the 1949-50 edition. It is edited by T. Atholl Robertson, F.R.G.S., F.S.A. Scot., whose address is:-- Dunvorlich, Ewanfield, Crieff, Perthshire.

_______________

SCOTS ANCESTRY RESEARCH SOCIETY.
      The object of the Scots Ancestry Research Society, which was established by the Rt. Hon. Thomas Johnston in the Spring of 1945 when he was Secretary of State for Scotland, is to assist persons with Scottish blood in their veins to trace facts about their ancestors in Scotland and to give reports upon the part of the country from which their stock has sprung. During the first two years of its existence the Society received more than 2,500 applications from people of Scottish descent in every quarter of the globe. The Scotarticularly the Scot abroad-has very strong ties with the homeland, and it is the aim of this Society to knit all Scots abroad still closer to their mother country. To Scots at home they also willingly offer their services. Enquiries should be addressed to the Director, Mr Robert D. Thomson, B.A., 4a North St. David Street, Edinburgh, 2.

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Reports from the Branches

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Reports from the Branches

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Reports from the Branches

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Reports from the Branches

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THE CHIEF, THE CLAN AND THE LANDS.
By W. G. Macpherson of Dalchully.

      In view of the fact that the Clan Macpherson Association holds an area of Macpherson land, and that Cluny, the Chief, has honoured the Association by consenting to be its President, it is of interest to note the early history of the Clan and the lands held by it.

      Skene, in his writings, says "It is in the reign of David I. that the Clan first appears as a distinct and prominent feature in the social organisation of the Gaelic population."It was not in fact till the reign of Robert III. that he finds the first appearance of a distinct Clan.

      We really know very little indeed about early Highland history, and it is nearly impossible to trace the growth of the Clan out of and tribe. By the old tribal system, which existed in Scotland before the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor, the land was held, not by the tribe in general, but by the Ciniud, or near kin of the Flath or senior, of each family within the tribe, under the jurisdiction of the Chief.

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      As the sept emerged from the tribe, its land was held by the Chief who assigned portions of it to his kinsmen. These kinsmen, in turn, founded smaller septs within the Clan. The law of Mediaeval Scotland, ignoring Highland custom, and assuming a feudalisation which had in fact never taken place, consistently treated the Chief as a tenant in capite and so increased substantially the power given him by the constitution of the Clan. Nevertheless, Highland tradition was strong enough to maintain the authority of a Chief who, in the eyes of the law, held neither property nor jurisdiction.

      This was perhaps specially so in the case of the Macpherson Chiefs, who scorned "bits of paper," and relied almost entirely on their old traditions. This was probably the chief cause of their losing fight with rival Macintoshes relying more on charters.

      Mediaeval writers frequently remark on the characteristic Highland virtue of strict obedience to a Chief (and this was always very much marked in the Macpherson Clansmen's attitude to Cluny, apart from occasional lapses of ambitious cadet families). In this, as in most other respects, the Clan system remained unchanged until the end of the eighteenth century. Perhaps extracts from the description of the Highlands by a young Englishman who was General Wade's chief surveyor, Edward Burt, may serve best to illustrate this. He writes:--

      "I shall use the word 'Chief' for the head of the whole Clan, and the Principal of a tribe derived from him I shall call a Chieftain. The true Highlanders esteem it the most sublime degree of virtue to love their Chief, and pay him a blind obedience though it be in opposition to their own interests, the Government, the laws of the Kingdom or even the law of God. Next to this love of their Chief is that of the particular branch from which they sprang; and in a third degree to those of the whole Clan or name whom they will assist, right or wrong.

      "The Chief exercises an arbitrary authority -- and if anyone refuses he is sure of severe treatment ; and if he persisted he would be cast out of his tribe by general consent; but instances of this kind have very rarely happened. This power of the Chiefs is not supported by interest, as they are landlords, but as lineally descended from the old Patriarchs, or Fathers of the Family; for they hold the same authority when they have lost their Estates."

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Advertisement

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FESTIVAL OF BRITAIN, 1951

GATHERING OF THE CLANS, JULY 1951, EDINBURGH.

      There will be a great Gathering of Scottish Clans in Edinburgh during the last week of July, 1951, in connection with the Festival of Britain. Arrangements are being made by a joint committee consisting of the Festival of Britain Scottish Committee and a Council of the Clans. It may interest our members to know that our Chairman, Mr Tom Macpherson, has been elected Chairman of the Council of the Clans, who are promoting the Gathering.

      Will Macphersons in all parts of the world please note this date; and it is hoped that all who can will respond to the call and arrange to come home to the Old Country at about that time -- so that they can take their part in the Gathering and the March of the Macphersons. We will all want our Clan to make a good showing and there is no reason why the Macphersons should not make a notable contribution to the success of the event.

      There will be Highland Games, a great Highland Ball, a Ceilidh and other features usually associated with a Gathering of Scottish Clansmen. Further details regarding this unique event in the history of the Scottish Clans will be advised to all members later on. In the meanwhile will all Macphersons note the date and plan to be present to support their own Clan.

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Clan Macpherson Association Accounts

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Clan Macpherson Association Accounts

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LIST OF CLAN RELICS AND OTHER ARTICLES OF CLAN INTEREST AT MAY, 1949.

     The following items were purchased 3rd May, 1943, at Wylie & Lochhead's Public Sale in Glasgow of contents of Cluny Castle, by Mr Tom Macpherson, from proceeds of public subscription by Members of the Clan at home and abroad, and by the late Sir Stewart Macpherson. All these articles are the Property of our Association, and the majority are housed at present at Fraser's, Inverness. The remainder are being housed in suitable places, awaiting the provision of our own Clan House, where they can all be properly stored together and be available for inspection by our fellow Clansmen. We are very much indebted to Messrs Frasers for housing the relics which are in their custody for so long, and free of charge.
1. Massive Chased and Embossed Double-handled Silver Cup (Marriage present, June, 1897 -- 53 ozs.).
2. Massive Octagonal Chased and Inscribed Electro-plated Tea Tray -- 26 ozs.
3. Glazed Oak Case, containing piece of the colours of the 42nd Royal Highlanders carried at Waterloo Piece of the Colours of the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders carried at Balaclava ; Knife with Lapis Lazuli Handle, called the "Wee Dirkie Knife supposed to have belonged to Prince Charlie, etc.
4. Umbrella, with Deershot Handle. Used by Queen Victoria at Ardverikie, 1850.
5. Ornamental Caman with Plated Mount.
6. Claymore, brass basket hilt, belonged to soldier who carried Sir John Moore off the Battlefield at Corunna.
7. Claymore (Andrea Ferara), taken by Cluny at the '45 at Penrith (Point Bent).
8. Claymore (Andrea Ferara), taken by Lachlan Macpherson of Biallid at Penrith.
9. Old Sword found at Dalnashalg 1868.
10. 3 old Swords (history unknown.
11. 3 old Sabres and I Sword (history unknown).
12. 4 Khyberee Knives.
13. Sword of Lt.-General Robert Barclay Macpherson; and 2 Court Swords of Colonel Macpherson of Cluny of the '45. 14. Naval Cutlass and 5 Swords. '
15. 5 Short-handled Swords or Daggers.
16. Brass Powder Horn; three keys of Cluny Castle burnt by Cumberland's men, 1745.
17. 5 Dirks and Knives.
18. 2 old Flint-lock Gulls with long barrels.
19. Poleaxe found at Kingussie.
20. Painting "Cluny Macpherson" in Highland Dress, 1882.
21. Painting " General Barclay Macpherson," 50" x 40".
22. "Janet Macpherson" in Riding Habit, 40" x 36".
23. "Laughlan Macpherson of Cluny," 30" x 24".
24. "The First Kilt," 30" x 24".
25. "Cluny Macpherson" in Dress Kilt, 36" x 24".
26. "Duncan Macpherson" in Uniform, 9' x 7'.
27. Water Colour, "Gent. with fur trimmed coat and Scroll in Hand," 24" x 18".
28. Water Colour "Lady with Velvet Dress," 31" x 23".
29. "The Young Chief's First Ride" by Frederick Tyler, IS" x 21".
30. Engravings, Duke of Gordon, by Turner, etc.
31. Old Coffin Plates of the Rebel 'Lords 1746 ; and a print of the Bronze Plate for engraving money belonging to Prince Charlie.

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32. Four Portfolios of Engravings and Photographs.
33. Genealogical Tree of the Macphersons.
34. The famous and historical BLACK CHANTER of Clan Chattan (or Feadan Dubh Chlann Chatain). Of this relic there are various traditions in the family, one of these being that it fell from Heaven during the Clan battle fought on the Inch of Perth between the Clans Chattan and Quhele in 1396.
35. VIOLIN, the handle of which belonged to one of the Clan who suffered the extreme penalty of the law for "lifting" a few cattle at Banff in 1701. Having played up to the last moment, he offered the violin to anyone who would claim kinship with him ; none being willing to do so, he broke it in halves and threw the pieces among the crowd.
36. Large Epergne or Candelabrum. This stands 4' high and is in the form of a tree, under which is the equestrian figure of a General offering Cluny of the '45 payment for holding his horse. Said to weigh 700 ozs. of Silver.
37. The Great Standard (or the Clan Banner of the Macphersons of Cluny). The arms of the Chief are emblazoned on it, being the Coat of Arms granted in 1672 by Sir Charles Erskine, Lord Lyon King-at-Arms. The supporters are two of the Clansmen as they appeared in a battle when they threw aside their belted plaids, etc., and fought in their shirts and jerkins.
38. BOOKS. 63 Volumes from Cluny Castle Library, including a number of rare and valuable volumes dealing with Clan history and the Highlands.
39. Two volumes of the Poems of " Ossian " translated by James McPherson, dated 1803 (purchased after the sale). Presented by Douglas Macpherson, Esq., 40 Trinity Church Square, London, S.E.1 --
40. 1 Powder Horn. Presented by the late W. Wolfenden, Esq., Kingussie-
41. 1 Lady's Umbrella used by Queen Victoria during a visit to Badenoch. Purchased from Mrs Bell, London-
42. Photograph of Gordon Macpherson, and letters and documents concerning his appointment as Ensign and Page of Honour. Presented by James McCreadie, Esq., 30 Bell Street, Glasgow-
43. Inverness Burgess ticket, Ewan Macpherson. Presented by an Anonymous Donor-
44. Glazed Oak Case containing curios, etc.
45. Claymore (Andrea Ferrara), with the Cross Mark and Circle. This is called " The Charmed Sword " from the tradition that no one wearing it was ever wounded in an engagement. Presented by Mr Wilkie, Glasgow-
46. "The Macpherson Family in 1818." Water Colour. Presented by Mr Fullerton, Glasgow- 47. Engravings-Highland Costumes. Pair. After Jas. Basire. Presented by Win. D. Hamilton, Esq., Ardrossan-
48. Picture of Jean Macpherson, Grand-daughter of Cluny.

      The following articles were presented to the Association by Sir. T. Stewart Macpherson, of Newtonmore, April, 1943, and various dates
49. Congratulatory addresses to Colonel Ewen C. B., 20th Chief on the occasion of his Golden Wedding, 1882. Thirteen, gilt framed (one glass broken).
50. Address signed by some 150 Clansmen to Brig.-Gen. Ewen, 22nd Chief, presented Cluny Castle oil 22.5.
51. Photograph of Clan Chattan Gathering at Cluny on that day.
52. Picture of Col. Duncan C. B., 21st Chief, as a boy (Commd. Black Watch at Tel-el-Kebir, 1882).
53. Picture of Brig.-Gen. Ewen, 22nd Chief, as a boy (Commdr. 93rd Highlanders and Highland Territorial Brigade).

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54: Photograph of Albert Macpherson of Cluny.
55. Ph. Wp of Brig.-Gen. Ewen, 22nd Chief.
56. Telegram after Tel-el-Kebir (21st Chief).
57. Miss (Marjorie) Macpherson of Cluny ("Presentation" photo), now Mrs MacLachlan of N,
58. Two Clan Banners.
59. Horns of Indian Bison (1853), and (possibly), exceptional Highland Bull.
60 Picture of Jas. Macpherson, J.P., Newtonmore.
61. 2 Pictures of Cluny Family.
62. 1 Picture of Old Cluny Castle.
63. 1 Framed Print of Albert Macpherson, C.B.
64. 1 Picture of Col. John Cameron.
65. 1 Picture of Capt. Macpherson of Balachroan.
66. 1 Picture, by Melwich, of a Woman.
67. 1 Photograph of Volunteer Corp.
68. 1 Water Colour of Man in Uniform.
69. 1 Scroll (Order of St. John).
70. 1 South-Sea Island Axe with carved wood handle.
71. 1 Cast Iron Door-stop.
72. 1 piece of Tree (presumably from Loch Moy).
73. A Deed Box from Cluny Castle. Presented by Mrs Fitzmaurice of Folkestone-
74. A Picture of Cluny.

      The following articles were presented by A. Macpherson-Grant, Esq, of London-
75. Documents relating to the Province of Moray-Dunbar, 1895.
76. Book. General James Grant of Ballindalloch, 1720-1806.
77. A portmanteau with papers relating to Clan history and family records of Clansmen.
78. 3 Books.
79. Photo of map of Ardverikie, 1760.
80. Medallion of a Clan Chattan Association, 1895.

      The following articles were presented by Major Niall Stewart Macpherson, M.P.-
81. Queen Victoria with the Princess Royal and Prince Edward (Edw. VII.), circa. 1844.
82. Queen Victoria with the Princess Royal and Prince Edward. Sketching at Lochlaggan, 1847.
83. Prince Charles Edward's Entry into Edinburgh, 1745 (with printed key thereto).
84. The Wet Review, Edinburgh, 1881 (Col. Ewen C. B., Commndg. Inverness-shire Volunteers).
85. Photograph of Cluny Castle (as in A. Macpherson's Church and Social Life).
86. Photograph of Cluny Castle (Large), after modern additions. Presented by Mrs W. C. Macpherson, 4 Drumsheugh Gardens, Edinburgh
87. Book. " Soldiering in India."
88. Association Flag. Presented by John Macpherson, Esq., Nairn.
89. Silver mounted Cane, carried by Cluny in Ashanti Campaign.

_____________________

ADVERTISEMENT RATES.

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List of CMA Members
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List of CMA Members

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Photo of Daniel Macpherson of New Zealand Branch and Tom Macpherson, Chairman of CMA at 1949 Rally

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Photo of the Clan March, 1949

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List of CMA Members

Pages 41-52

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List of CMA Members

Membership Summary as of 31 October 1949

Appeal for Contributions

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Advertisements

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Back Cover Blank

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