LIST OF OFFICERS      138
   "BUT" OR "BOT" -- Some Observations of the Chief's Motto  141
   THE SHILLING OF 1745  150
   THE CLAN RALLY 1966  174
   THE 1967 RALLY  179
   CLAN HOUSE IN 1966  182
   REVIEWS  196
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies. 7/6
Contributions and all Branch Reports for the 1968 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1967.


No. 19                                                         1967

VOLUME 3                                     NUMBER 3

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        THE ANNUAL OF




The Chief

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L. Senior Chieftain in the Clan



Officers of the Association

St Andrew's College, Aurora, Ontario


Hon. Secretary
32 Lockharton Avenue, Edinburgh, 11

Hon. Depute Secretary and Editor of "Creag Dhubh"
Capt., the Chevalier J. HARVEY MACPHERSON, K.L.J., F.S.A. (SCOT.)
Dunmore, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire

Hon. Treasurer
62 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh 9.

West High Street, Kingussie

Correspondence on Association Affairs

For convenience, correspondence writing to any of the foregoing Officers of the Association regarding matters concerning the affairs of the Association may address their letters to them,by their office, to:
Clan Macpherson House and Museum, NEWTONMORE, Inverness-shire


Branch Representatives

EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
ALASTAIR W. MACPHERSON, The Park, Lhanbryde, Morayshire
EAST OF SCOTLANDT.A.S. MACPHERSON, 42 Swanston Avenue, Edinburgh, 13
Major HUGH MACPHERSON, c/o 30 Belford Avenue, Edinburgh, 4.
EWEN MACPHERSON, Lochburn Crescent, Glasgow, N.W.
ENGLAND & WALESR. T.S. MACPHERSON,M.C., T.D., 10 Somers Crescent London W2
JOHN MACPHERSON MARTIN, 7A Ridgeway Gardens, Wimbledon, London, S.W. 19
Major HUME MACPHERSON, R.R.4., Stouffville, Ontario
R.G.M. MACPHERSON, BOX 105, Queenstown, Ontario
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill


Curator. EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
Senior PiperANGUS MACPHERSON, Inveran, Sutherland
Junior Piper DONALD MACPHERSON, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire
Hon. AuditorJAMES K. MCMURDO, 8 Featherhall Gr, Corstorphine, Edinburgh



The Council appeals to members to support the Annual by contributing articles of historical, genealogical, or topographical interest, and by forwarding news of themselves and other clanmen, honours, appointments, etc. Photographs, prints, etc., of places or people and 'Letters to the Editor' on matters of Clan interst are also welcome.

All communications should be addressed to the Editor of Creag Dhubh at Clan Macpherson House, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire.

PLEASE NOTE -- In order to meet publications dates for the current year, it is essential that all matters for publication in Creag Dhubh be received not later than 1st December in each year.



      "Closing date" for the receipt of material for Creag Dhubh was emphasised and underlined in several places in our last issue. It was given as 1st December. Three weeks later, the Editor sent all that was on hand to our printer and the galley proofs were returned early in January. Unfortunately, however, the date had been disregarded by many of our correspondents -- a disregard for which we have been able to compensate in former years, under other circumstances. The work has, inevitably, entailed considerable personal inconvenience, but has been undertaken willingly and with feelings both of responsibility and of achievement.

      In the current year it has not been possible to extend the time, as was done formerly. The Editor had all his Clan work completed by mid-December and, thereafter, was involved in a series of visits to hospital which, together with medical and surgical treatment, prevented him from giving attention to personal affairs and, correspondingly, to those of the Clan Association. Reports and amendments to reports continued to be received in Newtonmore as late as February. One account, urgently required for this issue of the Journal and promised in October, was not received until mid-June!

      We submitted our resignation from the editorship to the Clan Council in 1965, giving this lateness in receipt of material as being a difficulty which was increasingly difficult to surmount. We were, however, asked to withdraw our resignation, being promised "better things" and, accordingly, we compromised by agreeing not to resign immediately but to leave our resignation "on the table" to be reconsidered in the light of future events.

      The difficulties of the past year have compelled us, reluctantly, sadly, and after five years of effort, to request the Council to place our resignation before the Annual General Meeting of the Association, in August, in order that a successor may be appointed.

      This has not been done without considerable heart-burning and sadness, for the work of editing-the Clan Journal has been one whose pleasures have been very great indeed, whilst the sense of privilege in being appointed to such a post has been something in which we have taken considerable pride.

      We feel that we cannot leave our chair without expressing our very deep gratitude to those regular -- and punctual -- contributors to the pages of the Journal have made our editorial task so much easier and whose work has added so greatly to the records and the history of Clan Macpherson. In particular, and at the risk of making invidious comparisons, our thanks are due to the Chief, to Pitmain, to "A.F.M." and to John Barton, our Hon. Secretary, whose help and support has been more than generous. No less our thanks are due to Miss Christine





      Several clansmen have recently enquired about the use of the word "BUT" in Cluny's Motto, "Touch not the Cat but a Glove", and have raised the point that "BOT", rather than "BUT", is the more popular and, indeed, the more distinctive rendering of the famous motto.

      Although the point is one of purely minor detail, there is certainly no doubt that "BOT" is used frequently, if not exclusively, by manufacturers of Highland jewellery when producing Clansmen's Crest Badges and there is probably a case to be made in favour of "BOT" as a distinctive word, as opposed to "BUT" which is likely to be confused with the grammatical conjunction "but". However, the fact remains that "BUT" is another variant of the old usage of the word, which in broad Scots means "without", and this particular old spelling has been consistently used in all matriculations of the Arms of Macpherson of Cluny since 1672. There have been five matriculations to date.       The early renderings of Cluny's motto read "Tutch not the Catt but a Glove" and the more modern version, as exemplified by the Green Banner, is "Touch not the Cat but a Glove". The Chief of Clan Mackintosh , on the other hand, employs the spelling "BOT" in his motto, as do a number of Macpherson cadets. Robert John Macpherson of Dalchully, Ewan L. Cheyne-Macpherson, James Grant Macpherson, Ian Kenneth Rivers-Macpherson, Colin Archibald Iver Macpherson of Banchor, and Ian Fyfe Macpherson, all use the motto "Touch not the cat BOT a glove", as assigned in their parchment Letters Patent.

      While it is true that a number of Macpherson armigers use the spelling "BOT" in conjunction with their personal Arms, nonetheless the official and correct rendering of the Chief's motto, as recorded at Lyon Court since 1672, must remain "Touch not the cat BUT a glove"; and this is unquestionably the form the motto should take when we, as followers of Cluny, display his crest "within the strap and buckle" as a badge.

EDITOR'S NOTE. See the most recent extract of Matriculation of Macpherson of Cluny in the 1966 issue of CREAG DHUBH, Vol. 3, No. 2, centre page of journaL "But", meaning "without" is, of course, still current usage in English speech in the old Kingdom of Northumbria, cf. "Ilkla' Moor BAHT I' at".



      Introductory Article with some everyday phrases -- CREAG DHUBH No. 16 (1964);
      Gaelic Spelling. The letter 'H' in Gaelic usage. Simple sentences in the present tense, "passing the time of day". -- CREAG DHUBH Vol. III, No. I (1965);
      The verb "to be". Further simple, everyday conversational sentences and phrases. -- CREAG DHUBH Vol III, No. 2 (1966).

      This year we are really able to make a proper beginning in using Gaelic for ordinary, everyday purposes. In the former lessons we have already got a grip on the basic essentials of the language. What we need now is to develop a vocabulary and, at the same time, to begin to use sentences that meet our daily needs.

      Once again, we are not going to bother about the complications of grammar and construction, save perhaps when these must be explained and there is no way of dodging the explanation. There are plenty of books which deal with Gaelic from the scholastic angle, and anyone who really wants to make a serious study of the language must, of course, apply himself to one of these. Our aim, however, in Creag Dhubh is no more than the provision of fundamental working tools for making simple conversation.

      This year, developing and widening our use of the language, we will give some sentences which apply to daily happenings, using the words that we have already learned and introducing some new onesThe best way of using this lesson will be to learn the sentences parrotfashion, use them correspondingly and, having mastered them, we can go ahead very easily to apply our new knowledge to building up fresh sentences and phrases. That, of course, is the way in which we learned to speak when we were small children -- and if we were able to learn that way when we were young, we ought to be able to learn much more and quicker, using the same methods now that we are grown-up. Let's hope so, anyway!

      We do not intend to repeat anything that has been written already in this series -- this for reasons of space. We will, however, use words that have already been learned and, at the same time, we will introduce new words, new phrases and also explanations of some bits of Gaelic pronunciation which may, at first sight, appear to be strange or odd -- but which we hope to show as being quite logical and easy to follow.

      The letter 'D' may, perhaps, give a little difficulty to begin with but it is quite simple really. Just remember how the English use it: giving it two quite different sounds. The English give the letter a firm, hard sound in most cases. We do the same in Gaelic, making the sound just a little harder and a little more explosive so that it sometimes almost approximates to 'T'. But, too, the English often tend to


make their letter 'D' very soft, so that it sounds almost like a 'J'. Listen, for instance, to a southern Englishman saying the word "dew". As often as not he will pronounce it quite clearly as "jew". Listen to him, too, when he slurs the phrase, "Do you . . ." He will assuredly pronounce this as 'joo". In Gaelic we use the letter in exactly the same sort of way.

[Note -- that pronunciation is true only when 'D' is followed by 'e' or 'i' -- the 'narrow vowels'; when 'D' is folllowed by 'a', 'o'. or 'u'(the broad vowels) , the hard 'D' is used.]

      The Gael has difficulty in using the two consonants R and T, one after the other. They make a harsh sound, and this is something alien to the soft speech of Gaelic. When RT comes into a word, we insert an 'SH' sound in between. (Ceart, therefore, is pronounced as 'kyarsht').

      Similarly, the Gael finds it difficult to put two hard consonants together and, in pronouncing them, he tends to slide in a vowel sound just to soften it off. That is why Glen Banchor, behind Newtonmore, is pronounced Ban-a-chor, in three distinct syllables. It is this habit which leads to what people describe as the 'rolled R' in Lowland Scots speech. The R is not really being rolled -- it is merely being coupled with a small, intrusive extra vowel sound. [This extra vowel is often termed a 'ghost' vowel.] This is one of the many links which still exist between Lallans and Gaelic.

Tha e fuar an diugh Ha eh foor an jyoogh It is cold today
Cuir ort do chota mor Koor orsht do chota more Put on your great-coat
(lit: Put on-you your coat big)
Cuiridh orm mo dearsi Koorie or(a)m mo jerseyI'll put on my jersey
(lit: Will put-on-me my jersey)
Tha frasan mora ann Ha frasan mora aunn There's a heavy shower on
(lit: Is shower large in it)
Tiugainn do'n gharradh Tyooging do'n gharragh Let's go into the garden
Bheir mi na fluraichean Vehr mi na floor-ach-an I'll take the flowers
    a stigh a stye indoors
Tha latha saor agam Ha lah-a suhr agam I've a holiday
(lit: (There) is a day free at me)
Tha cuid-eigin aig Ha kootch-ehgin ehk There's someone at
   an dorus an dorus the door
Co tha sin ? Ko ha sheen? Who is there?
Is mise a tha ann Iss meeshu a ha aunn It is I
(lit: (It) is myself that is in (it))
Thig a stigh Hik a styeCome inside
    a steach a shtyach indoors
    a nall an so a naul an sho over here

Gaelic to English (read and translate) --        1. Tha an latha briagh. 2. Cuir na fluraichean air am bord. 3. Tha fluraichean gu leoir anns a' gharradh. 4. Am bheil e fluich an


drasda? 5. Tha gu dearbh! 6. Duin an dorus. 7. Fosgail an uinneag. 8. Fag e far a bheil e. 9. Dhuisg mi moch 's a' mhaduinn. 10. Nach eil sibh deas gus a nise?

English to Gaelic --       1. The day is bright. 2. Put the flowers on the table. 3. There are many flowers in the garden. 4. Is it wet now? 5. It certainly is (lit: it is certainly). 6. Shut the door. 7. Open the window. 8. Leave it where it is. 9. 1 woke early in the morning. 10. Aren't you ready yet? (fit: Are not you ready till now?).

Vocabulary of New Words
Cuir koor PutTiugainn tyooging Let's go
Cuiridh koorieWill put Bheir vehr Will take
Orm or(a)m On me Saor suhr Free
Ort orsht On youCuid-eigin kootch-ehgin Someone
Cocoh Who Mise meeshu I myself
A stigh a stye Inside A steach a shtyachIndoors
A nall a naul Over An so an sho Here
(across) Flur floo-hr Flower
Am bord am bordThe table Fluraichean floor-ach-an Flowers
Gu dearbh! gu jerrav Certainly! Fag fak Leave
Fosgail fos-gale Open! Duin doo-in Shut!
Duisg dooshg Wake up! FrasanfrasanShowers
Dhuisg ghooshg Woke Mochmock Early
Gus a nise goos a neeshe Yet     (lit: Up till now)
Far a bheil e far a vehl e Where it is   (lit: Where that
    may be it)


by KEITH MURDOCH (Pitmain Beag)

                                                             Cold, clear, pale, blue, to orange,
                                                             Reverse of autumn dawn
                                                             As mountains glow; deepen
                                                             To Cairngorm purple
                                                             Against yellowing fade of sky.
                                                             Monadbliaths in the west
                                                             Sharply hide
                                                            The sun
                                                             Absorbing some other night
                                                             In distant lands
                                                              Who do not know
                                                              The Badenoch-Light.


Third of a series of articles concerning the Armorial Ensigns of Members of the Clan Macpherson

Tanistair and latterly Chief of Clan Macpherson

      The Arms of Francis Cameron Macpherson were matriculated in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland (Vol. 29, p. 44) on the 14th October, 1930. These Arms would, of course, normally have been superseded by the Chiefly Achievement after his succession.

      The Arms matriculated were the plain Cluny Arms viz., the galley, the hand holding the dagger and the cross-crosslet. However the shield was "differenced" by a gold border surrounding it, and this border indicated that the bearer of the Arms was a Cadet of Cluny -- i.e., related to the Cluny family.

Francis Cameron was the eldest son of Captain Duncan Macpherson, R.N., of Westlake, who was grandson to Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, the 19th Chief of Macpherson. He was declared Tanistair by Letters Patent under the seal of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms, on 14th February, 1957. He became Chief by succession towards the close of 1965 and died, sadly regretted by all his Clan, on New Year's Day, 1966.


      Lord Drumalbyn matriculated Arms in the Lyon Register on the 14th January, 1965 (Vol. 43, p. 13), and his Arms are a "differenced" version of those granted to his uncle, Lord Strathcarron of Banchor, on the 1st October, 1935.

      The shield is divided horizontally, gold and blue, with the components of the Cluny Arms (the galley, the red hand and dagger and the cross-crosslet) as the principal charges. A chequered band of blue and silver is placed across the centre of the shield. This "checkered


fess" is the central charge in the Arms of Stewart and it here suggests Lord Drumalbyn's Stewart connection, for his paternal grandmother was a Stewart. Indeed, Lord Drumalbyn, his four brothers and his two sisters, all have "Stewart" in their names -- as do their own children. Each silver square in the "fess" is charged with an ermine spot and the shield is surrounded by a silver border to "difference"

      Lord Drumalbyn's Arms from those of Lord Strathcarron. A Peer of the Realm is entitled to "supporters" to his Arms. Those of Lord Drumalbyn are a Cameron Highlander on the dexter side and an Ayrshire bull on the sinister side. The Cameron Highlander commemorates his service as an officer in the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders during World War II. The Ayrshire bull has a double significance. Firstly, Dumfries-shire, which Lord Drumalbyn represented in Parliament for eighteen years as (Niall Macpherson, M.P.) is largely a dairying county in which Ayrshire cattle predominate. Secondly, his maternal grandfather, a Cameron, came from Ayrshire.

      The motto is the Gaelic translation of the opening words of the 121st Psalm, "I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills."

      Lord Drumalbyn was the first Honorary Secretary of the Association and, later, he was Chairman from 1951 to 1954, in which latter year his outstanding service to the Clan and to the Association was recognised by his election to be an Honorary Vice-President.


16th of Pitmain and Senior Chieftain in Clan Macpherson

CONTINUED FROM Creag Dhubh Vol. III, No. 2, page 77 . . .

Clann Dhai -- The Davidsons
      Before passing on to a detailed account of the Pitmain family, it is not inappropriate to note the fact that Muriach, the Parson, is said to have had a younger brother who was named Dhai Dubh (Black David). By Macpherson tradition, Dhai is reputed to be the ancestor of the


Davidsons of Invernahavon -- which is pronounced 'Invernaha'on' -- near Newtonmore. It is certain that Clann Dhai, the Davidsons, formed a part of the Old Clan Chattan.

John, lst of Pitmain
      John, Ist of Pitmain, was brother of Kenneth, the Seventh Chief of Clan Chattan. He was probably born during the first half of the 14th century. His elder brother, Kenneth the Chief, is said to have led the Clan at the Battle of Invernahavon in about 1370, and it is probable that John also fought in that battle. [Don't be surprised if you find that other authorities place this battle in 1386.]

      Many years ago, when I was young, I was shown the traditional site where, on the south side of the present road between Newtonmore and Laggan, about two miles from the former township, my ancestor and the remainder of the Clan had eaten their porridge (brose) after the battle. This is one of those trivial traditions, often with a strong basis of fact behind them, which linger on strangely through the centuries.

Alexander I and the "Bloody Dagger"
      John was succeeded by his son, Alexander 1, 2nd of Pitmain, who is specifically mentioned as being of great reputation as a brave and gallant man. He rendered signal service to the Royal Cause by expelling from Badenoch those supporters of the Comyns who, under the name of Macgilliemore, formed a wild and turbulent race (according to the Macphersons!). It was for this deed and for other, similar actions fought by the Macphersons that the King awarded the red right-hand, couped at the wrist and holding a dagger, which still stands in the Arms of the Chief of Clan Mhuirich.

      The period of Alexander I is definitely fixed by documentary evidence, still extant amongst the Mackintosh writs. A Mackintosh 'Instrument of Redemption' dated 20th August, 1595, and covering the years 1450-1480 was made by Lachlan Mackintosh of Dunachton "of the third of the half-davoch lands of Schafin on which he wadset at the Isle of Moy on the 27th September 1592 for 300 merks to Donald Dow M'Thomas M'Ane M'Alistair in Pitmain of Badenoch". This Donald Dow is correctly given in Sir Aeneas' genealogy as being the fourth son of Thomas, son of John, son of Alexander.

      The time of Alexander I, of his family contemporaries and of the three subsequent generations was one of great numerical expansion in this Second Branch of the Clan. Many of our notable families spring from Alexander I, and these will be described later.

John II and Thomas I (3rd and 4th Chieftains)
      Alexander I's eldest son was John II (3rd of Pitmain) who married a daughter of Cameron of Glenevis. His elder son, Thomas I, married a daughter of Irvine and succeeded as 4th of Pitmain. His second son, Ferquar, was the progenitor


of the Invertromie family and his fourth son, Donald Dow (or Dubh) was ancestor of the Pitch-urn family as well as of those of Coronach, Pitgowan now Balgowan and Tirfodun families. These, too, will be discussed subsequently in this account.

Garvamore (Garbha Mor)
      The Garvamore and Shirramore families also arose in this period. The representative of the former migrated to Berwick in the 19th century and the family prospered there in the wool trade.

      General Wade built a "King's House" beside St. George's Bridge, to serve as a staging-post for troops marching between the barracks at Ruthven-in-Badenoch and the garrison at Fort Augustus. It is probable that this building was erected on the site of the old Macpherson homestead. Certain it is that Prince Charles Edward stayed here, or in the immediate vicinity, on his march southwards. Here, too, the Chevalier Johnstone found shelter after his escape from the aftermath of Culloden -- as he tells in his manuscript memoirs which are treasured in the Clan Museum.

      The buildings at Garvamore are now the property of the British Aluminium Company, who own the major part of upper Strathspey along the road leading to the Corrieyarrick Pass. They were occupied until recently by a shepherd and his family, but they have since been taken out of occupation and evacuated by the owning company who have also, in the past few months, evacuated the old farmstead of Drunmin, some miles higher up the strath.

      The British Aluminium Company offered to give the buildings at Garvamore to the Clan Macpherson Association, and it would have been a most encouraging thing for the Clan to have owned a place which holds such long and historic memories. Unfortunately, however, a condition of the proposed gift was that the house should not be put to use as a hostel for people walking the Corrieyarrick -- which was, of course, its original purpose when built by Wade. Accordingly the offer had to be refused, though with the greatest regret and not until after much discussion. It was considered, though, that its use as a hostel would be the only way in which its maintenance could be afforded by the Association.

      The last few years have seen sad changes at Garva. Broken windows allow the winter storms to penetrate the building, whilst stone slats have begun to peel from the roof. The old box-beds have been torn from the rooms by the present owners and have been taken away to Lochaber. One fears that it may not be long before this ancient "King's House" will fall into complete ruin although, even now, it would not require a vast expenditure to make it weatherproof for subsequent generations.


Alexander II, Thomas II and Alexander III (5th, 6th and 7th of Pitmain)
      Alexander II and 5th of Pitmain was the eldest son of Thomas I. He married a daughter of William McGilchrist Macpherson of Bialid and their son, Thomas II and 6th of Pitmain, married a daughter of Tarlich McLean of Corriebrooch.

      Thomas II appears in the Gordon Rental of 1603 and there are references to him in the Loyal Dissuasive of Sir Aeneas Macpherson. He signed the great Clan Chattan Bond at Petty on 10th April, 1609. He took part with the Clan in the wars of Montrose's annus mirabilis and fought at the battle of Tippermuir, 1st September, 1644.

      After the fall of Montrose, Thomas was cited by the Synod of Moray at Forres on 12th January, 1648. With him were compeared more of the Pitmain family, Biallid Mor, William of Pitchryne and others. All were accused and all were ordered, "being found to have joined in bloody fights are ordained Sunday next to make their appearance in sackcloth in the Kirk of Calder". Such penances. were inflicted even on the great noblemen of the time, for the old Scots Law was no respecter of persons.

      Thomas II was a great character and he lived to a great age. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Alexander III and 7th of Pitmain, who married a daughter of Lachlan Mackintosh of Kyllachie.

Lachlan I and 8th of Pitmain -- The Chiefship of Clan Chattan
      Lachlan I and 8th of Pitmain was the son of Alexander III and succeeded his father. He married a daughter of Donald Macpherson of Ballachcroan. Lachlan, together with John Macpherson of Invereshie, supported his Chief Andrew of Cluny, in obtaining from Mackintosh, Chief of Torcastle, a document which holds an important place in our Clan history.

      Mackintosh sought to recover lands which he claimed in Glen Lui and Loch Arkaig and which were then in the possession of the Camerons. He accepted the assistance of the Macphersons who, before engaging themselves, required him to admit in writing that they came with him of their own free will entirely. This they did as a precaution against a possible assumption by the Mackintosh Chiefs that the Macphersons, by joining with him, thereby acknowledged him to be Chief of the Clan Chattan as opposed to being no more than Captain of the confederacy. This document still exists and is valuable evidence in support of the Macpherson claim that the Chiefship of Clan Chattan lies with Cluny as direct male representative of the Old Clan Chattan.

      Lachlan I died in November, 1668.

Heritable Rights
      Although there is no trace of the Pitmain family ever having had a heritable right to the lands of Pitmain, the same is also true of most of the Macpherson families in Badenoch, The whole district was


subject to the feudal rights of the feudal superior who, in Badenoch, was the Marquis of Huntly, the actual owner of the land. Indeed, even the Chief of the Clan, Cluny himself, neither owned nor had heritable rights in the Cluny lands in Badenoch until 16th June, 1680. On that date, after years of attempts, Cluny was able to effect a land transfer with Huntly, obtaining Cluny in exchange for his property of Grange in Banff. Thus it was only in 1680 that Cluny became, for the first time, truly "of Cluny" -- a mere 65 years before the estate was forfeited after Culloden.



      A shilling-piece of the reign of George II is displayed in the Clan Museum. It owes its place amongst our collection of relics to the fact that it bears the date of 1745 and so it may well have been a similar coin which was handed to Cluny by Sir Hector Munro on that exciting day of narrow escape at Dalchully. This actual coin, however, has its own history which, although not connected with the Clan in any way, is both interesting and worth telling.

       In 1744, Admiral Anson came back to Britain after his great voyage of circumnavigation which had taken him three years to complete. He brought with him an enormous amount of bullion which was valued, in the currency of the period, at £500,000. Most of this was captured from the Spanish treasure-ship Nuestra Senora de Covadonga, which he had taken between Mexico and the Philippines. This booty he added to a store which he had seized some while before, when he had attacked Paita, the port of Lima in Peru.

      There was a considerable amount of gold amongst the treasure that Anson brought home, but the bulk of it was Spanish-American silver coin and this was sent to the Mint to be converted into British coin. It was then decided that the name "Lima" should be placed beneath the King's image as a 'provenance-mark' and to commemorate Anson's exploits.

      The full description of the shilling is:
           Obverse. King's head facing left with LIMA below. GEORGE TV 11 DEI GRATIA.
           Reverse. Four Shields of England and Scotland; France; Ireland; Hanover (two leopards passant-gardant of Brunswick, lion rampant of Luneburg and white horse of Hanover; the Imperial Crown of Charlemagne on an inescutcheon of pretence). The Inscription is M.B.F.ET H.REX F.D.B. ET L.D.S.R.I.A.T. ET E. (King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg, Arch-treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire).



      William Macpherson was the last tenant of the holding of Glen Gynack, a property which is now incorporated in the golf course of Kingussie. He left Kingussie and moved to Strone (Newtonmore) where he occupied the property of Sean Baile ("Shanvaal") which he held as tenant of the Duke of Gordon for more than half a century. 'Banker' Macpherson records that, on the payment of his fiftieth rent to the Duke, he was granted a full discharge for the rest of his life.

      William's life was marked by tragedy, for three of his sons were killed at the Battle of Waterloo, in 1815. He was, however, succeeded in Strone by one surviving son, James. This son was born in 1766, probably in Glen Gynack. He did not continue long in Strone, but moved to the joint holdings of Culfern and Kerrow in the parish of Edinkillie, where he was an Elder of the Church of Scotland. He died at Kerrow on 20th May, 1833, and his remains were brought to Kingussie where they were interred in the old cemetery of St. Columba. His headstone, raised by his sons, Angus and Donald, records also his wife, Elspeth, who died at Kerrow, and three sons. These were Andrew (died at Perth, July 1808, aged 20); John (died at Strone, February 1922, aged 19); and Samuel (died in Yaira, East Zora, Ontario, Upper Canada, in October 1839, aged 25).

      On James' death, his son Donald inherited Kerrow. He moved to the Lowlands and, for a while, farmed between Edinburgh and Glasgow. Latterly he gave up farming and went to live in Edinburgh where, it is believed, some of his descendents still survive. A great-grandson of Donald was the Reverend Alexander Macpherson, Minister at Greenock.

Mary Macpherson -- 1st Wife of James
      James married twice. His first wife, Mary Macpherson, came from Laggan. She was a sister of Donald Roy Macpherson, who emigrated to Canada in 1822, where he settled on the Province Line near Lancaster, Ontario, at River Beaudette, Quebec.

      There were two sons of this marriage. The elder, Duncan, was born probably in 1795. The younger, Andrew, was born in 1788 and died at Perth in 1808 as is recorded on his father's tombstone, mentioned above.

      Duncan, the elder son, emigrated to Canada in the company of his maternal uncle, Donald Roy, in the year 1822. He died at South Lancaster, Ontario, in 1853. His son, John Angus, married Anne Cameron, by whom he had four children, Alberta, John, Edith and Mabel. Alberta married John Costello, of New York, and was the genealogist who prepared the comprehensive account of her pedigree which is held in the Clan House.


Elspeth Macpherson -- 2nd Wife of James
      James' second wife, Elspeth, was also a Macpherson by birth and she, too, provided close links with the Americas, for she was one of the four daughters of Colonel Macpherson who, in the British Army, died during the American Revolution when he was held in a Southern Prisoner-of-War Camp, probably in South Carolina. Her three sisters were, in order: Lilias, who married Alexander Macpherson "Ban" of the Phoness family and, with him, emigrated to Canada and settled in Lancaster Township, Glengarry County, Ontario; Barbara married Donald Roy Macpherson, the brother of James' first wife, and emigrated with him to River Beaudette in 1822; the third sister, Mary, married a Macpherson, too, for her husband was Colonel William Macpherson. This family also emigrated to Canada and settled at Bainsville, near Lancaster in Ontario.

      The marriage of James and Elspeth resulted in seven children, five sons and two daughters, of whom the eldest was John who died at the age of 19, in 1822, who is commemorated on his father's headstone in Kingussie. The second son, Angus, married and had children - five sons and two daughters. He was born in 1805 and died in 1848. The third child (elder daughter) was Lilias, born in 1806, married Alexander Rose and, with him, emigrated to Canada in 1834. She died at Zora, Ontario, on 18th December, 1899.

      The fourth child (third son) was Donald (1809-1873) who inherited his father's holding and migrated southwards to the Lowlands as related above.

      The fifth child (second daughter) was Barbara, who was born in 1813. She married Alexander Wood, from Edinkillie, who was a graduate of Edinburgh University and a Surveyor by profession. The two families of Rose and Wood sailed together from Cromarty on 1st May, 1834, and landed in Montreal after a crossing which took eleven weeks. They spent some while with their maternal aunt, Lilias Macpherson (Mrs. Alexander Macpherson 'Phoness') at Lancaster, Glengarry County, before deciding to move further Westwards. The Wood family settled at Woodstock, Ontario, where both Barbara and her husband died and were buried, the former in 1863 and the latter in 1877. They have many descendents who, for the most part, live in Chicago, Illinois.

      The last two children of James and Elspeth were both sons. Samuel, born in 1814, also emigrated to Canada, died at Zora, Ontario, in 1839 and is commemorated on his father's headstone in Kingussie. The seventh son of this marriage was Alexander, who became a businessman in Edinburgh.

      Account compiled from rough notes left with the Editor by Captain James Macdonald, the late Curator of the Clan Museum.



I. Colonel John MacPherson
      John MacPherson arrived in the Americas circa 1814. According to a family tradition, Colonel MacPherson came originally as a volunteer of the British Legion which was recruited in Britain, shortly after the opening of the War of Liberation of the former Spanish colonies. Another story, however, suggests that he came to South America as a merchant, on a business trip.

      After his arrival, John MacPherson made his first home in Curacao, N.W.I., where he married Mercedes Jugo, daughter of Don Diego Jugo y del Pulgas. Shortly after his marriage he travelled to the mainland of South America, joining the ranks of the British Legion, serving under the general command of Simon Bolivar, 'The Liberator'. He rose to the rank of colonel, was present at several of the major engagements of the Venezuelan Army of Liberation and was wounded during the naval battle of Maracaibo.

      When Venezuela's freedom had been attained, Colonel MacPherson retired from the army and was appointed Civil Governor of the Guajira. Department, which lies in the present Zulia State on the border with Colombia. Ill-health, however, compelled him to resign his governorship and he retired on an annuity granted by the Venezuelan Government.

      Colonel MacPherson had one son, who was named after his father, Juan -- this being the Spanish equivalent of John. His two daughters, Francisca and Mercedes both died unmarried.

II. Colonel Juan MacPherson
      Juan MacPherson, the only son of Colonel John, followed his father in a military career and he, too, rose to the rank of colonel.       Prior to his marriage, Juan begot an illegitimate son, Telasco. With his father's permission, Telasco used the family surname. He married and had issue, but their present whereabouts are not known to the writer. He was, however, the only son of Colonel Juan through whom the name MacPherson was continued in Venezuela.

      Colonel Juan MacPherson married Julia Ramirez, daughter of Don Gabriel Ramirez y Almarza and his wife, Manuela Rus, who was a daughter of Don Jose Domingo Rus, Oidor of His Spanish Majesty in the Province of Venezuela during colonial times.

      There were seven children in the family of Colonel Juan MacPherson and his wife, Julia -- five daughters and two sons.

III. Family of Colonel Juan MacPherson
      Mary MacPherson, eldest daughter of Colonel Juan, died unmarried. She could neither speak nor write English but, with the help of an


interpreter, she maintained a correspondence with Donald MacPherson who, during the 1880s, was a Scottish Postmaster in the town of Dunkirk. Part of their correspondence has survived and it is in the possession of Mrs. Thorogood, a descendent of Colonel Juan. (It is hoped that a note regarding these letters may be included in a future issue of Creag Dhubh -- EDITOR.)

      The second daughter, Ana Julia, took the veil and entered a cloister in La Habana, Cuba, where she died.

      The third daughter, Cora MacPherson, married Miguel M. Capriles, son of Joseph Capriles and his wife, Elizabeth Ricardo, both from Curacao, N.W.I. Elizabeth was a second-cousin of David Ricardo, the economist, whose works were edited by Piero Sraffa, in 1962, for the Royal Economics Society. Cora's marriage to Miguel Capriles took place on 6th October, 1881. They had three sons and five daughters, details of whom follow later in this account, in section IV.

      The fourth daughter, Mercedes MacPherson, married Jaime Pocaterra. Their daughter, also named Mercedes, is now a widow and lives in Valencia, Venezuela. Their son, Jose Rafael Pocaterra, entered politics and, during his career, became Minister of Education, Minister of Labour and Governor of Carabobo State. Having transferred to the Diplomatic Service in his later years, he was appointed Ambassador to the Court of St. James, to Moscow and, finally, to Washington. He was a well-known writer in Spanish and left several short stories and political novels.

      The fifth daughter in this family was Adela MacPherson, who married Martin Gornes. One of their children, Martin Jose Gornes, turned to cultural investigation and research. Among his achievements was the establishment of an Indian Museum and the writing of several educational books, The History of Tobacco in Venezuela, Asian Blood in America, etc. His activities earned him a decoration from the Government of Venezuela. He is also remembered in the family as having always taken great pride in his Macpherson ancestry. He married and had issue, and his son, Martin Manuel Gornes, is the founder of a company which provides security and safety services in the country.

IV. Family of Cora MacPherson and Miguel CAPRILES
      As we have already noted, Cora was the third daughter of Colonel Juan MacPherson. She married Miguel M. Capriles and had three sons and five daughters.

      Only one of the three sons reached maturity. Of his two brothers, Juan Jose died unmarried in 1908 and a younger brother, Julio, died shortly before when still a young boy.

      Miguel Angel Capriles, the only surviving son, married a distant cousin, Adelaida Ayala, on 28th January, 1904. Their family consisted of fourteen children.


      One of this large family is Miguel Angel Capriles, Jr, born on 28th February, 1915, who became the publisher of several leading magazines and newspapers in Venezuela.

      A younger brother is Carlos Alberto Capriles, who is known to a few intimates as Carlos Capriles McPherson. He holds a degree in archaeology from the Sorbonne and is presently in Maracaibo, a city in Zulia State, where he helps his brother, Miguel Angel, in the establishment of yet another newspaper. (NOTE. This gentleman visited Clan House, some years ago, and applied for Membership of the Association The Clan Council is anxious to regain touch with him in order that his membership may be completed and assured.-- EDITOR.)

      Amongst the five daughters of Cora McPherson and Miguel Capriles, two did not marry. Elvira is now an invalid and Elizabeth died in 1904.

      The eldest daughter to have issue was Julia Teresa Capriles. She married Juan Leefmans in 1924. Their family is composed of two daughters, Cora and Jeannette. Cora married Jose A. Galavia and has a family of five sons. Jeannette, the younger, married Hely Jose Galavia, a cousin of her brother-in-law. In this family are one son and two daughters.

      Olga Jacinta Capriles was the second daughter with issue. She married her cousin, Oswaldo Capriles. Her husband was the son of Benjamin Capriles, brother of Miguel M. Capriles (the husband of Cora McPherson -- see above) and his wife, Simona Malpica, who was descended from the Spanish Marquises of Malpica. There were two daughters and one son to this marriage. Of the daughters, the elder, Elizabeth, married (i) Antonio Echeverria, by whom she had two sons, and as a widow she married (ii) Miguel Rivera by whom she had one son and three daughters. Maria Capriles, younger sister of Elizabeth, married Paul Baptista and has three sons and one daughter.

      The only son of Olga Capriles is the writer of this article. He was named after his father, Oswaldo. He married Ana Margarita Hoffmann in 1953. She is the daughter of Ernesto Martin Hoffmann, from Hamburg, in Germany, and his wife, Ana Teresa Gonzalez. There are three sons of this marriage, Oswaldo, J. Fernando and Luis Alejandro. The single daughter of the family is named Soledad.

      The third daughter with issue was Bertha Capriles, who married Temistocles Lopez in 1921. Their eldest son, Temistocles, studied medicine in Spain and, after some while spent in postgraduate work in Germany, returned to Venezuela where he now is in practice. He and his two brothers, Alfredo and Alejandro, are all married and have children.

      Bertha Capriles had one daughter, Lucy, who married Philip Alfred Thorogood. She and her husband both visited Newtonmore, some years ago, and had the pleasure of a long conversation with the Chevr. Macpherson in the Clan House Office and at Dunmore. They have one son, Philip William Thorogood, who is at present completing his education in the United States of America.

[Did anyone else note that Colonel Juan Macpherson had two sons whose fate was not mentioned in subsequent discussion?]


by [Brigadier ALAN D. MACPHERSON of ] CLUNY

      In last year's Creag Dhubh I gave an account of how the Newton of Blairgowrie came into my family's possession (see 'Cluny's Account of Cluny' pp. 70-73). This is to tell something of the house itself.

      The '-ton' in the name of Newton is equivalent to the Gaelic baile and in this case does not imply a 'town' but refers to a farm-steading with its accompanying house. Nobody knows when our 'ton' actually was new. It was certainly so well before the eighteenth century, probably before the seventeenth and, possibly, it may even date as far back as 1550. William Marshall, in his Historic Scenes in Perthshire, plumps for the seventeenth century and states that it was originally the seat of the proprietors of the barony of Blairgowrie. We ourselves, however, believe that the house, or its predecessor on the same site, was of a much earlier date. This belief is based on the knowledge that it was at one time the property of the Abbey of Scone and was then, presumably, inhabited by the lay brothers of the Abbey, as were Coupar-Grange and Keithick which stand in our neighbourhood.*

      No doubt the house, like Topsy, "growed". Originally it would have been in the form of a peel tower, and was a strong-place built with the intention of providing security for local inhabitants from the raids of wild Highlanders marauding from Glen Shee and Strath Ardle.

      The old monks had a way of selecting the best sites for their farms, and our home is no exception to the rule. We are well protected from the northerly gales. The house faces South-East and stands at a height of 350-feet above sea-level on what my father used to call "the last roll of the Grampians". We have the whole width of Strathmore and the Sidlaws in view, from Dunsinane to Newtyle -- a very fine panorama.

      We know for certain that a family of Drummonds, a branch of the Druramonds of Stobhall, lived here about the middle of the seventeenth century. George Drummond, who was six times Lord Provost of Edinburgh, was born here in 1687. We also know that the Drummond family owned the barony more than a hundred years before that date, for the records tell of another and earlier George Drummond who, together with his son, was rash enough to play bowls 'in ye hie mercatgait behynd ye Kirk of Blair' (perhaps on the Sabbath Day). The two were 'set upon and crewally slayne'. Two of the murderers were subsequently hanged and two suffered the punishment of Man-rent -- the last instance recorded in Scottish history -- which meant that they became vassals of the Duke of Perth, head of the House of Drummond.


*A party of 36 school-children, aged about twelve, came here one day "to learn history " I told them about the monks, and asked "Who do you think was on the (Scottish) throne at that time?" After a long pause, one piped up "Victoria." it did not surprise them to learn that I was born in that reign. Presumably they thought me to be 400 years old -- or is there a flaw in this logic?


Yet a further penalty was imposed, for the son of one of the murderers was ordered to wed the daughter of the murdered man and to do it without tocher (dowry). This, however, came to nothing as I shall relate further on. Was it a case of "Muckle-mou'd Meg", I wonder?

      Both Cromwell and Montrose did their best to burn the Castle. I have never been able to understand why both of them should have been so unpleasant unless, of course, the inhabitants had changed their political allegiance; for Montrose's attempt was made during his annus mirabilis of 1645. Some people consider that they were successful to the extent of demolishing a part of the edifice which used to stand some thirty yards to the south-west of the present house. I myself am not entirely convinced of this, and am of opinion that anything which stood on that site was no more than a range of out-buildings. My present hope is that Cluny will not provide the destruction in which these great men were unsuccessful. Electrical fittings are not one hundred per cent safe, especially in very old houses. However, I fear that I am not as hardy as were my ancestors and could not put up with the more primitive -- albeit safer -- forms of lighting and heating which they employed.

      Returning to the history of the place -- the Drummonds were eventually succeeded by the Grahams. That very famous man, Thomas Graham of Balgowan, later to be ennobled as Lord Lynedoch, owned the property, and some say that he was actually born here. Others maintain that he merely spent some of his early years at Newton. What is quite certain is that James "Ossian" Macpherson was his tutor for some time, either at Newton or at Balgowan. Delavoye's Life of Lord Lynedoch quotes Thomas Graham senior as writing of James as "a modest young Man who is a Master of Greek and Latin".

      It was to James that Sir Thomas eventually sold the property. He himself survived the Peninsula and died in his nineties, hailed as The Hero of Barossa, at his chief property of Balgowan.

      My own forbear came into the picture in 1788, for James had actually been acting on his behalf when he bought the estate of Blairgowrie which, at that time, included farms as far to the north as the Bridge of Cally. Alas! Law-suits soon reduced the property considerably, and Newton came down in the scale, for Colonel Allan built himself another house in order to be nearer the fishing and, for a time, Newton was occupied by his factor. Later, and for a longer time, it was occupied by a farmer.

       It was my grandfather [Alan (1818-1891)] who, in 1890 or thereabouts, added a wing to the old house and made it available for married sons coming home on leave. This was how, luckily for me, I was able to spend part of my boyhood days here. My father carried out other improvements in his turn, and his son has made a few alterations, so that we no longer "walk about with torches, 'cause there's no electric light" (to quote from somebody's verse).


      Two ghosts are reputed to haunt the house. The first is known as 'The Green Lady'. She was a Drummond who, apparently, fell in love with a young man named Ronald, who did not reciprocate. What was to be done? Ronald, she decided, might be bewitched? And bewitched he duly was, for the 'nurse of ninety years' persuaded the young lady to sit all night on 'The Corbie Stane' in the River Ericht, with her eyes 'steekit', assuring her that this would induce the fairies to do something about it -- Gheibh mi fhathast oigear grinn!

      Sure enough, when she 'ope'd her steekit e'en' she was 'dinkit oot frae heid tae heel i' the witchin' claith o' green'. Ronald was completely bowled over. But, alas, the poor lass had contracted "a sair hoast" as a result of her night's vigil and she did not long survive. She is said to appear on Hallowe'en at the top of the staircase.

      Our second ghost harks back to the Drummond murder of which I have already told. She also is a lady, and my sister has a strange story to tell of her. A visitor, who was unaware of the story, declared that he could not get into the window recess because of the old woman 'holding a red rag'. Now tradition maintains that when the son of the murderer came to fulfil his order to marry his victim's daughter, the widow of the slain Drummond waited at the window which overlooks the old front door. In her hand she held the bloodstained shirt of her husband. When the young suitor arrived, she flung the bluidy sark at his feet, declaring that there should be no marriage. Thus history bears out in detail the circumstances of the apparition which our visitor saw.

      I shall end by repeating my invitation of last year. Newton was originally built to repel the incursions of such wild folk as the Macphersons. For the past 170 years its role has been very different and it now stands to extend a warm welcome to any of the Clan who come to visit it. Please, however, let me have some advance notice of your arrival -- either by postcard or by telephone -- so that I may be sure to be on hand to greet you.

Beannachd leibh!

EDITOR'S POSTSCRIPT. When, last year, the Chief wrote of himself in Creag Dhubh he alleged that he irritated his friends by writing doggerel verse. That's as may be! Some of his verses are certainly ribald and some are delightfully and unashamedly doggerel. Still more are charming and of a very high and deep feeling -- none more so than those in which he writes of his family and his home. It is hard to think of anything less irritating than Cluny's verses!

      All Macphersons will welcome another collection of verse which refers in its title to one of the tales which the Chief has told about Newton of Blairgowrie. "The Green Lady" anthology is written by "A Laird" and by others. It is obtainable from the Blairgowrie Advertiser Office, Blairgowrie, Perthshire, at a price of 10s. 6d. post free, and all profits from its sale have been promised to the Museum Fund.


      He was an old man, who looked at first sight remarkably like a tramp. He was out at elbows and out at knees, and he bore a large and heavy-looking sack on his back. But he was the only person I could see from whom to ask my way back to the place where I had left my mother resting whilst I had walked on, on further exploration bent, on this, my first walk down Strathavon. He answered me most courteously and offered to be my guide, as he was walking in my direction.

      We fell into conversation and he told me that his name was Macpherson, adding proudly, "A name well-known in history". I murmured that it was indeed well-known -- though all thought about Cluny and his famous Cage had deserted me, and I could think only of the verses in The Bon Gaultier Ballads about Macpherson's feud with Clan Mactavish; which I had the discretion not to mention.

      We walked together until we came to the hill, near the top of which my mother was sitting. She looked quite horror-stricken to see my odd-looking companion, whom she really mistook, at first sight, for a tramp. His voice at once dispelled this illusion. It was quite unmistakably that of a gentleman, and there was an attractive old-world courtesy in his manner. He walked along the road with us until it was time for him to turn up the hillside road which led to the cottage in which he had taken rooms.

      He was a geologist, though this was not his profession for he told us that most of his life had been spent as an engineer in South America. Geology, he explained, was his hobby and one that gave him great delight. It was in order to pursue it that he had returned to the Highlands. He told us that he had a son, married and living in England, of whom he saw little. He struck us as being a very lonely person.

      We became so friendly that we asked him several times to tea at Kylnadrochet Lodge, by Bridge of Avon, which we were at that time renting from the Duke of Richmond and Gordon, on whose Moor of the Lecht my father was the shooting tenant. Old William Macpherson proved to be an enthusiastic bridge-player and, as there were not many bridge players in the strath, he thoroughly enjoyed his afternoons with us.

      William Macpherson was a tall man, well set up and with a firm, erect carriage. He was, I need hardly add, an indefatigable walker. He wore a short, white beard with a fresh complexion and bright blue eyes that glowed with pride when he spoke of his Clan -- and which shone with quite another light when mention was made of certain others!

      Only once did I find him in anything but the most amiable mood. He was a regular churchgoer and, on one Sunday morning, he refused my proffered hand when I went to greet him, "No!" he declared, "not


in the kirkyard!" He said it so sternly and I was so taken aback that I never asked him whether it was from religious principles or from superstitious beliefs that he shrank from shaking hands in a churchyard.

      He never told me from which branch of the Clan he sprang -- or, if he did, I have forgotten it. All this happened long ago, as my father, Sir William Tomasson, died in 1922 and we did not again come up to Banffshire.

      Shortly before we left Bridge of Avon, William Macpherson came to present me with some amethysts and fluorspar, for me to have cut and polished for the handles of tea-knives. Not that I needed such a reminder. He still stands out in my memory as a fine specimen of a Highlander of days that have long gone by.

The Editor will he very grateful for any information which may help to identify the William Macpherson of whom Miss Tomasson writes with such affectionate memory. He will be grateful, too, for notes regarding the strange refusal to shake hands in the churchyard on the Sabbath.


      In every year the Rally is prefaced with a string of letters from anxious people, asking what is expected of them when they come to Badenoch. After every Rally, too, we hear people wishing that they had known something or other, because , if they had learned of it before the Rally, they would have done something different to what they had indeed done. These notes, therefore, are just a brief comment on the various happenings which now have settled into a fairly regular programme for each year's Rally.

      The Reception is the first event in the Rally and it has a very important purpose indeed. Being a Clan (and the word "Clan" means no more than "family") we have no formality whatsoever -- or no more than exists within any normal family group. However there are many of us who come to the Rally for the first time in each year. They do not know anyone else, and nobody knows them. This is where the Reception is of very great value. Names are announced, new arrivals meet such Clan personalities as the Chief and the current Chairman, and after that there is time for completely informal wandering-around, meeting other folk and talking. The Reception, therefore, fulfils all the requirements of "introduction".

Highland Ball
      The only question that is asked about the Ball, is, invariably, "What do we wear?" And the answer is that it is obviously absurd to lay down any sort of dress requirements. People come from all over the world,


and they cannot possibly travel with full wardrobes! For men, the kilt is recommended -- but it is by no means essential, and you will find almost as many trousered men as are wearing the kilt. The style of dress varies, too, completely according to individual choice. A good few men con-Ling from Scotland itself, wear evening dress. But just as many turn up in lounge suits. The same variety in dress exists for ladies, too. The only thing to remember is that if a lady is wearing an evening frock, and is entitled to wear tartan, it is customary (though not obligatory) for her to wear a tartan sash, appropriate to her own or to her husband's Clan, pinned to the right shoulder -- unless she is a Peeress or the wife of the Colonel of a Regiment, in which case different rules apply.

Throughout the Weekend
      The one thing for everyone to remember is that Clan assemblies are completely informal. Any sort of formality is absolutely at variance with all Highland tradition. If you want to talk to anyone -- talk to him! Above all, do not wait for an introduction nor be shy about approaching anyone, at any time. The more that you mix, the more you will enjoy yourself. And, by the same token, the more you mix, the more other people will enjoy themselves in your company.

An Ceilidh
      Ceilidh (pronounce it "kay-ly" with the accent on the first syllable) is the Gaelic word for 'a visit'. Traditionally, every visitor contributes to an evening's entertainment and that is how we try to keep things going at the Rally. Someone is always asked to play the part of host to the company, fear an taighe is the Gaelic name for him. He will act exactly as if the gathering was under his own roof, calling on one or other of his guests to help to keep the party going, whether by singing, dancing, telling a story or in any other way.

      Just one or two minor points. It is a normal custom in Highland circles to tap the feet in time to any song or music that has a marked rhythm. It is usual, too, to join in the chorus of songs -- in fact singers are discouraged if people don't join in the choruses. What many visitors do not know, however, is that many Gaelic songs begin with the chorus. If, therefore, someone in the company should happen to start singing at the same time as the performer, don't "Sssh!" them, for they'll be quite in order. Just try to pick up the words and sing too!

A Last Reminder
      No formality! No introductions! No dress regulations! No shyness I And, above all, no hanging back as things go forward! Just go flat out and enjoy yourself. That is, surely, what you came to do -- so do it!


EDITORIAL NOTE. Mr. W. Macpherson, Inverurie, called at the Clan House during August 1966 and told a fascinating tale of family history. He is himself one of the third generation of Macphersons to have been born in St. Petersburg, under the Russian Empire. He very kindly lent a copy of a book, written by his Aunt, Miss Georgina Macpherson, which was printed privately and which gives a more-than-interesting account of life in Old Russia and which tells, too, of experiences during the Revolution and of escape from the Bolsheviks. The following extract is taken from the first chapter of her book, "SURVIVAL".

      My father, Murdoch George Macpherson, of the Cluny Macpherson Clan, was born at Perth in 1813, and died at St. Petersburg in 1879. He always considered himself a Glasgow man, because he was taken there as an infant, studied there, became a Civil Engineer and owned a small shipbuilding yard on the Clyde.

      The Emperor Nicholas I of Russia wanted a yacht. When the order for the Imperial yacht was being placed, my father sent drawings, specifications and prices. His tender being adjudged the best, he got the order (delivery in Glasgow).

      When the yacht was ready, she was received in Glasgow by a Russian crew; but on her way to Russia was lost with all hands during a terrible gale, off the coast of Denmark.

      The Emperor gave a repeat order, with the condition that the yacht was to be delivered in Cronstadt or St. Petersburg.

      When the second yacht was ready my father took her out to Russia himself. The Emperor was very pleased with it, and offered my father, the post of Imperial Engineer of all the Imperial yachts. He accepted, returned to Glasgow, disposed of his shipbuilding yard and took up the post of Imperial Engineer.

      The Emperor had four yachts with their full complement of Russian engineers, but my father took charge of the engine room in whatever yacht the Emperor was on.

      I have a pretty story to tell which gives the keynote to my father's character.

      The Emperor Nicholas I was cruising in the fiords of Finland, and his daughter, the young Grand Duchess Maria Nicolaevna, was on board with him. One afternoon, the Emperor was resting in his cabin, the young Grand Duchess, with her maids of honour, was on deck, surrounded by the officers, who began to tease her.

      "You think all on board this yacht will obey you," they said. "There is someone who will not."

      "No one on board this yacht dare disobey me," answered she, haughtily.

      "Oh yes, we know someone who will not obey your orders.".

      "Who is it?" she asked.

      "The Englishman," was the answer. (In Russia all English-speaking people were called English).


      "You will see," said the Grand Duchess and went to the trap-ladder leading to the engine-room. "Mark Lvovitch," she called.

      My father showed himself in the doorway and asked, "What can I do for you, Your Imperial Highness?"

      "Come up on deck, I want to talk to you," said the Grand Duchess.

      "Sorry, I am on duty and cannot leave the engine room."

      "But I order you."

      "Sorry, I cannot leave my post," answered my father, "we are sailing in dangerous waters and I answer for the lives of all on board."

      "Come up at once," she said angrily, "no one dare disobey me."

      "If I obey your order I must stop the engines," said my father, "and then the Emperor will be very angry," and with these words he went back into the engine room.

      The Grand Duchess burst into tears, ran down to the Emperor's cabin, and woke him.

      "Your Englishman has insulted me," she stormed.

      The Emperor came up on deck and, sending for my father, raged and stormed at him for some time.

      When he stopped, my father said, "May I speak, Your Majesty?"

      That sent the Emperor off again: How dare he speak?

      When next he stopped, my father said dryly, "And now, Your Majesty, may I speak?"

      "Speak then," he thundered, "if you have anything to say." So my father explained why he could not obey the order of the Grand Duchess.

      The Emperor, although a very passionate man, was also a just man. He turned to his daughter and said, "Masha, I see now that it is not the Englishman who has insulted you, but you who have offended the Englishman; give him a present to make -up for it."

      "I have nothing to give him," said the young Grand Duchess, sullenly.

      "Oh yes! you have," he answered, and going up to her, unpinned the diamond star of the Order of St. Catherine which she was wearing on her breast, and pinned it to the lapel of my father's coat.

      When he went into the mess-room, the officers surrounded him and said, "Macpherson, you can't wear this order, it is a woman's order."

      Of course he did not wear it, but in after years had it made into a pendant for my mother's silver wedding day . . . .

      . . . . After serving the Imperials for thirteen years, my father founded the Baltic Iron Works and Shipbuilding Yard in partnership with an English resident of St. Petersburg.

      The Works was founded about 1850-52, and lapsed to the Government in 1874. About 3,000 hands were employed, the foremen being Clydesmen. Here are some of their names:
            John Eager, Chief of Drawing Office;
            Robert Thompson, Chief Engineer,
            Peter McLaren, Shipbuilder (wood);


           Peter Hedderwick, Shipbuilder (iron);
           Craig, Foreman;
           Steele, Rolling-mill Foreman;

      In 1856, being then the head of his own works, viz. the Baltic Iron Works, my father was ordered to leave Russia within twenty-four hours for refusing to build or repair ships of war for the Russian Navy, it being war-time (Crimean). My parents were busy packing, but before the twenty-four hours elapsed, Nicholas I died suddenly, and the order became null and void.

      With the death of Nicolas 1, the Crimean War came to an end, and work was resumed at the Baltic Iron Works.

      This is a list of the ships built by my father: Bronenosetz; Latnik; Chicagov; Spiradov; Admiral Lazarev; Clipper Rashoinik; Herzog Edinburgsky; Imperial Yacht, 'Livadia' (for the Black Sea); and, after she was lost, Livadia II.

      The frigate Herzog Edinburgsky, or Duke of Edinburgh, when being laid down was named Alexander Nevsky, but on the marriage of the daughter of Alexander II to the Duke of Edinburgh, the name was changed to Herzog Edinburgsky.

      It used to be a Gala Day at the Baltic Iron Works and Shipbuilding Yard when a ship was launched. Members of the Imperial Family and many distinguished visitors came to the ceremony; a religious ceremony was held by Russian priests in gorgeous robes, and the ship was blessed with Holy Water. Then the stays were knocked away and, as the ship began to glide down the slipway, my father would christen it by throwing a bottle of champagne at her bows. It was beautiful to see the ship gliding gracefully along and entering the water with a little rush.

      To my regret, that is all I can write down about my father's activities in Russia. During the Revolution his papers were lodged, for safety, in the Dutch Legation. Unfortunately, the Legation was looted and the two packets entrusted to it lost. I still hold two receipts for them.

      Owing to the loss of his papers, I have not been able to get into touch with my father's Scottish relatives. I remember him telling me that his cousin Jean, daughter of Sir Ewan Cameron, married Macpherson of Cluny, Chief of the Clan. I know he had an uncle, Robert Macpherson, a Scotch minister. My grandfather, Lachlan Macpherson, came on a visit to Russia and died in St. Petersburg, in 1837.

      It is hoped to print a further account of this family in a subsequent issue of CREAG DHUBH. We learn that one member was President of the St. Petersburg Stock Exchange and that another was serving with the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, was appointed Russian interpreter to Lord Kitchener and was amongst the casualties when the HAMPSHIRE was sunk. -- EDITOR,



      One of the most fascinating parts of Alexander Macpherson's Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands (Blackwood, 1893) is to be found in his transcriptions and notes of forty-six headstones and flatstones in St. Columba's Graveyard at Kingussie.

      The local history and genealogy to be gained from tombstones is of great value in studying the Highlands as an area of continuing social and economic change. The present writer has always thought it unfortunate that Alexander Macpherson restricted his attention to the old Kingussie graveyard, to the neglect of the numerous township-graveyards which are dotted around Badenoch. Most of these are as old as Cladh Chalum-cille, and most of them contain the dust of whole lineages of Macphersons associated with the farms on which they stand.

      In August 1966, during the week of the Clan Rally, the writer spent some hours in the graveyard at Cluny (Cladh Chluanaidh) making transcriptions, in an effort to remedy this gap in our records. The results are listed below, in the same style as that used by Alexander Macpherson in the Glimpses. The descriptive notes are, for the most part, based upon material collated from the Laggan Parish Registers of Baptisms and Marriages, 1775-1854.

      It is hoped that anyone who can add to these notes will communicate with the writer through the Editor of Creag Dhubh.

1. Headstone

"Erected by a few of his sorrowing companions and pupils (chiefly in Portobello), in memory of John H. Tolmie, M.A., Divinity Student of the Free Church, and for five years one of the masters of the Academy, Portobello, who died in his father's house at Kingussie at the early age of 29 years, lamented by all who enjoyed the privilege of being acquainted with him.

"In manner he was frank, affectionate and inobtrusive; in conduct upright and honourable; in piety pure and childlike; he walked honestly before men and humbly before God.

"He was born on 21st April 1837, and calmly fell asleep in Jesus on 26th February 1867.

Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. Rev. XIV, 13."

2. Headstone
"Erected by Donald Tolmie in memory of his beloved spouse, Isabella Hutcheson, who died at Kingussie, 22nd Novr. 1869, aged 70 years.
"Donald Tolmie died at Kingussie, 29th June 1881, aged 81 years."

3. Headstone

"Erected to the memory of Donald Tolmie, mason, who died at Croft, 13th March 1844, aged 73 years.
Also of his three sons who died in infancy."
      These three headstones almost certainly refer to three generations of the same family. The grandfather, Donald Tolmie (1770/1-1844) was undoubtedly closely related to Andrew Tolmie in Croft, who married Janet Macpherson, daughter of Alexander Macpherson in Drumgask, in 1828; Donald Tolmie in Croft in 1835; John Tolmie in Croft of Blargie between 1840 and 1846; and James Tolmie, mason in Croft, who married Christian MacDonald, Middleton of Gaskenloan, in 1845 , and who subsequently lived at Catlodge until at least 1849. Other Tolmie families lived at Balgown, Gergask and Crathie between 1775 and 1854, as recorded in the Laggan Parish Register of Marriages and Baptisms. None of the Tolmies buried at Cluny can be identified in the Parish Register.

4. Headstone

"Erected by Lachlan McBain in memory of his wife Ann McGregor who died at Ovie 8th April 1873, aged 76 years; also Lachlan McBain, died Sept. 1884, aged 83 years."
5. Headstone
"Sacred to the memory of Malcolm MacGregor, farmer, Uvie, who died 27th Decr. 1812, aged 52 years, and Jane Macpherson, his spouse, who died Ist July 1839, aged 82 years; also their children
      Gregor and James who died in infancy
      Gregor who died 5th Augt. 1834, aged 30 years,
      Jane who died 21st Octr. 1837, aged 44 years,
       Marion who died 28th March, 1848, aged 48 years;
and Gregor their grandson who died 12th April 1861, aged 22 years. This stone is erected as a tribute of affection by Margaret, daughter of the above Malcolm Macgregor, who died 10th Jany. 1869, aged 78 years."
     This family was descended from MacGregors, originally related by marriage to the Macphersons of Crubinmore, Breakachie and Uvie, who had taken refuge in Laggan during the proscription of Clann Griogair in the 17th century. Their original home was in Rannoch. The parents can be identified with Malcolm MacGregor in Uvie and his wife Jean Macpherson, who are recorded in the Parish Register as having had four children baptised in Laggan. These were Gregor (born, or baptised 5th Sept. 1792), Charles (born 24th May, baptised 24th June, 1795), Marjory (born 28th April, baptised I 1th May, 1797), and Gregor (baptised 12th April, 1803).

     Marjory can probably be identified with Marion on the headstone.


      The omission of James, Jane and Margaret from the Baptismal Register may simply imply that these children were born and baptised in another parish, possibly Kingussie.

      Discrepancies in dates of birth are of frequent occurrence when parish registers are compared with information engraved on headstones.

      Gregor, the oldest child, is the earliest person known by name to have been buried in the graveyard.

      No MacBains (MacBeans) had any right of ancient possession to land in the parish of Laggan. Lachlan MacBain was probably related to Duncan MacBean in Uvie, whose wife Isobel Macpherson gave birth to a son, Farquhar, at Uvie on 6th March, 1802. The MacBeans, like the MacGregors, undoubtedly owed their tenure in Uvie to the relationship which they bore, through their wives, to the Macphersons of Uvie.

      Ann McGregor (Headstone No. 4) was probably the youngest daughter of Evan MacGregor and Margaret Leslie, who lived in Uvie between 1777 and 1779, in Nessintullich between 1781 and 1785, and again in Uvie in 1789 and 1796. The Parish Register records her birth on 23rd June and her baptism on 2nd July, 1796. Her eldest brother, Malcolm, who was baptised in 1777, may have been the head of the family who is record on Headstone No. 5. If this is so, the age on the headstone is incorrect.

6. Headstone

"In affectionate remembrance of Catherine Munro, wife of Angus McPherson, piper to Cluny, who died at Cluny, June 1847; and of Mary McLeod his second wife, who died at Gaskmore, 1st May 1872, aged 52."
      This family retainer of the Macphersons of Cluny was not a Badenoch Macpherson but was a son of Peter Macpherson in Indrigal of Trotternish, on Skye. Angus was born at Indrigal in 1800. He and his first wife were the parents of Calum Piobair, Malcolm the Piper, from whom the entire piping world of today has inherited something of the tradition of the Skye School, usually associated with the MacCrimmons of Boreraig. Malcolm's sons were John, Ewan, Norman and Angus, each of whom succeeded him in turn as pipers to Cluny. Angus Macpherson (Inveran) was father to the late Malcolm Macpherson, himself a great piper, who died tragically in the past year and lies buried in Laggan.

7. Headstone
      This stone, lying immediately to the west of the graves of the Chiefs, bears no more than the date, "1755".

8. Headstone
      This is a half-buried stone, bearing the name "Ewen McDonald".


9. Headstone (sited together with No. 10, within the chained area in the NW corner)

"In memory of Ewen McDonald who died 22nd Feb. 1851, and his wife Sarah McDonald who died at Crubin Moor (sic) Sept. 1835; their son Donald who died 27 Dec. 1879, aged 75."
      This couple is recorded in the Parish Register as Evan MacDonald and Sarah MacDonald (maiden surname) in Balgown. Four children were baptised together in 1810, James (born 15 Jan. 1803), Donald (born 7 July 1805), Janet (born 25 Aug. 1807) and John (born 3 Mar. 1810).

      Janet was the wife of Alexander MacKay in Uvie (1830 and 1831), in Balgown (1834) and in Crubinmore between 1837 and 1840. It would appear that Janet and her husband were, in fact, in Crubinmore by 1835, from the information on the headstone.

10. Headstone

"In memory of Alexander MacKay who died at Milton, Nuide, on the 1st of June 1864, aged 57 years; also of his son Ronald who died 3rd June 1877, aged 28 years; also Janet McDonald the beloved wife and mother of the above, died 3 1st January 188 8, aged 80 years.
In life respected and in death lamented. Erected by their daughter Ann."
      This is the couple who are referred to above, under No. 9. The last of the MacKays in Milton of Nuide died in the early 1950s.

11. Headstones and Plaques of the Macphersons of Cluny

a. "In loving memory of Catherine Sarah Louisa, second daughter of Ewen Macpherson of Cluny Macpherson, C.B., Chief of Clan Chattan, born 24 February 1845, died 26 October 1901."
b. "To the memory of Albert Cameron Macpherson of Cluny, D.L., J.P., born August 25th 1854, died January 27th, 1932 youngest son of Ewen Macpherson of Cluny Macpherson, C.B.; also in memory of his wife Frances Eliza Raynsford Addington, born November 28th 1855, died October 22nd 1934."

"The day thou gavest, Lord, is ended."

c. "In memory of Catherine Cameron, widow of the late Cluny Macpherson, Chief of the Clan Chattan, Lieut. Col. in the Scots Fusilier Guards, and daughter of Sir Ewen Cameron of Fassifern, Bart., who departed this life on the 20th January 1855, aged 82 years, this tablet is erected by an affectionate son and daughter-in-law; also in memory of Ewen Cameron,

Lieut., Bengal Army, born 21st June 1806, died Oct. 1832; Louisa, born l5th March 1800, died on the 29th July 1849; Catherine, born 10th March 1801, died on the 10th Oct. 1843; sons and daughters of the above;
and Archibald Fraser, Lieut. Col. 43rd Bengal Native Infantry, died 26th May 1877."
d. "Sacred to the memory of Colonel Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, who, on the 1st of August, 1817, died at the age of 69, respected and beloved as a Highland Chief. He served his country upward of 30 years, during six of which he commanded, on active service in America, a battalion of the then 71st or Fraser Regiment, and this monument, to the memory of an affectionate husband and father, has been erected by his widow and children.

"In memory of Colonel Ewen Henry Davidson Macpherson of Cluny, Chief of Clan Chattan, son of Ewen and Sarah Justina Macpherson, born 22nd January 1836, died l8th August 1900; served for 30 years in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (93rd), was present with the Regiment in the Crimea, Indian Mutiny and North West Frontier; A.D.C. to Lieut. Governor of Bengal, 1859 to 1862; received reward for distinguished service, commanded the Highland Volunteer Infantry Brigade from 1890; also in memory of Mary, his wife, who died at Cheltenham l9th April 1900."
e. "In loving memory of Colonel Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, C.B., Chief of Clan Chattan, son of Ewen and Sarah Justina Macpherson, born 9th Oct. 1833, died 3rd Oct. 1886. Served for upwards of 30 years in the 42nd Royal Highlanders (The Black Watch), was present with the regiment in the Indian Mutiny 1857-8 and Ashanti campaigns 1874, severely wounded, commanded the regiment in Egyptian campaign 1882, mentioned is despatches, received reward for distinguished service in the field.
Erected by his widow."
f. (A Celtic Cross, in front of the Plaques)
"Ewen Macpherson of Cluny Macpherson, C.B., Chief of Clan Chattan, born 24 April 1804, died I I January 1885.
His wife Sarah Justina, daughter of Henry Davidson of Tulloch, born 25 October 1812, died 14 March 1886."
12. Headstone
"Mary Grant, for many years nurse at Cluny Castle, died 26 December 1859

13. Flatstone

"To the memory of Isabella McPherson and John McPherson; his youngest daughter . . . ."
the remainder of this inscription is indistinct and will require careful deciphering.

14. Headstone

"To the memory of John McPherson, late piper to Cluny, who died Nov. 8, 1834, aged 74 years."
      John McPherson was the signatory of an "Agreement" in 1818 to perform the duties of Ground Officer, woodkeeper and gamekeeper on the whole estate of Cluny and Lochlaggan. This agreement, which is No. 716 of the Macpherson of Cluny Collection, was printed, together with a note by A. F. Macpherson, in Creag Dhubh No. 6 1954. John McPherson was already piper to Cluny when, in February 1800, twin sons, James and Duncan, were born to him. He was probably a son of James McPherson, piper to Ewen Macpherson of Cluny during the Forty-Five. He would therefore have been brother of Jean Macpherson who married Angus Kennedy in Kylarchill on the 27th March 1782, and whose son John was born at Tirfadun in June 1790.

15. Headstone

"Erected by Donald, Duncan, and Ewen McPherson, in memory of their beloved mother Ann McPherson who died at Drumgask on the 13th June 1841, aged 70."
      Ann McPherson came from Shiramore and was married at Dalchully on 16th January 1809 to Angus McPherson in Drumgask. The four children of the marriage, Donald, Duncan, Ann and Ewan, were all born at Drumgask between 1814 and 1821.

      The second son became Duncan Macpherson of Glendoll after he had made a fortune in Australia, where he is reputed to have won fame by his capture of a notorious bushranger. He carried a right-of-way litigation to the House of Lords, but lost his case. He married Ann Cattanach, and there was one daughter born to the marriage. He died at Logierait, Perthshire, in 1893.

16. Headstone

"Erected by Donald Macpherson, commission-agent, Arbroath, in memory of his father Peter Macpherson, late of the 92nd Gordon Highlanders, who died at Nessintully on the 27th February 1831 in the 60th year of his age.
"After serving his country for upwards of 30 years, both at home and abroad, his mortal remains lies near this spot amongst the mouldering dust of his forefathers.
"Also in memory of his mother Christian Ross who died at Edinburgh on 24th June 1846 in the 56th year of her age and is interred in the Grange Cemetery there.."


17. Headstone

"Erected by James Cattanach, tacksman of Laggan farm, in memory of his beloved wife Christian Macintosh who died 25th September 1874 aged 63 years.
Also of their son Lachlan William who died I 1th May 1875, aged 23 years.
James Cattanach, tacksman, Laggan Farm, died 21st April 1884, aged 84 years.

"Mark the perfect man and behold the upright; for the end of that man is peace." Psalm 37th, and 37th ver."

      James Cattanach was the sixth child of Finlay Cattanach in Gaskmore (1784-89) and in Gergask (1793-99). Christian Macintosh was the daughter of Lachlan Macintosh in Presnacailich, in the parish of Alvie. They were married on 10th September 1832. Their ten children, born between 1833 and 1853, were Harry James, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, Margaret, Grace, Christian, Alexander, Lachlan William (referred to on the headstone), and John.

."James Cattanach's mother was Ann Macpherson in Biallidmore, who married Finlay Cattanach on 24th August, 1784. It may have been through her that the Cattanachs obtained the right of burial at Cluny.

      It is sometimes asserted that this graveyard was the private burial ground of the Macphersons of Cluny, Chiefs of the Clan. An inspection of this list, however, shows that this was not the case. Apart from the group of retainers from Cluny Castle (Nos. 6, 12 and 14), the stones commemorate several families who had no connection with the Lairds of Cluny nor any apparent connection with the farmtown of Cluny. Geographical associations of the various families seem to point rather to the Croft of Blargie, to Uvie, Drumgask, Gaskmore and Gergask, all of which are within easy walking distance of Cladh Chluanaidh but are, in fact, closer to other graveyards. Of all these places, Drumgask alone lies on the Cluny Estate and it is therefore apparent that tenantstatus with respect to the Macphersons of Cluny does not explain the presence of these families in the Cluny graveyard.

      It cannot be said that Cladh Chluanaidh was used exclusively for the burial of clansmen of the Chiefs of Macpherson. Indeed, the majority of the people buried there belonged to other clans. The names of Tolmie, Cattanach, Macintosh, MacDonald, MacGregor and MacKay form a fairly representative cross-section of the whole community as it existed in the parish of Laggan at the end of the 18th century.

      None of the Macphersons mentioned in the inscriptions on Nos. 5, 6, 13, 14, 15 and 16 was closely related to the family of the Chiefs, at least no more than were the rest of the clansmen in Badenoch.


      Explanation of these apparent anomalies would seem to lie in an apparent lineage connection with the graveyard. The Tolmies of the Croft of Blargie were almost certainly a branch of the Tolmie family in Balgowan. Balgowan is the farmtown adjacent to Cluny and undoubtedly shared the graveyard. The MacDonalds also came from this farm. The MacGregors of Uvie, besides being related to the Macphersons of Crubinmore and Uvie, were probably related to the MacGregors who were millers at the Mill of Cluny. The MacKays were related to the MacDonalds in Balgowan and were also, probably, related to Alexander MacKay who was the waulkmiller at Cluny in 1745 and thereafter. It is clear, therefore, that the family of Macpherson of Cluny is merely one of a number of lineages possessing the right to bury in this graveyard.

      In addition to the stones listed above, there is a number of crude flatstones in the cladh. None of these bears any discernible inscription, but almost certainly they mark the graves of earlier representatives of the same families. Amongst them may be the graves of the Chiefs in the original line of Cluny, which came to an end with the death of Duncan in 1722. At any rate, it can be assumed that Cladh Chluanaidh -- like all the little country burial-grounds of the district -- epitomises the community of Laggan as it was in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.



      The tragedy of the Forty-Five lies in the events which followed the Rising. It is a pleasure to be reminded, by two hitherto unpublished letters, of the cheerful optimism of the early days and to be reminded, too, of two great friends who lived in our lost town of Ruthven, when it was the capital of Badenoch.

      The letters were written by John Gordon and by Kenneth Macpherson. Gordon was Clerk of Badenoch, a post resembling that of town clerk, but covering the whole district. Macpherson was a merchant in Ruthven and a captain in Cluny's Regiment. The letters were first brought to notice by Charles Macpherson, a native of Edinburgh, who became sub-organist of St. Paul's Cathedral. He had spent some time delving into the Public Records and, in 1913, he sent some copies of documents of clan interest to Albert of Cluny. The copies, at present in the custody of the writer, have been verified and slightly amended.

      Kenneth Macpherson was a man of affairs in Ruthven. Amongst other activities, he acted as agent for the Lady of Invereshie in the matter of "the wounded Camerons", who were being looked after in the town, disbursing various sums on her behalf, amounting in all to £99 17s. 6d. Scots. The 'accompt' for the above is attested by John Gordon in his capacity as Notary Public.


      We know from contemporary records that the school at Ruthven was reputed to be the "best in the whole stretch from Speymouth to Lorn" and that, some ten years later, it was to have James Macpherson, of Ossian fame, as its master. Judging from Kenneth's very apposite' but somewhat recondite quotation from Ovid's Heroides, "Don't write back to me, but come yourself," it would appear that the curriculum was strong on the classical side.       The letters speak for themselves. The reference in the Public Records Office is S(tate) P(apers) Scotland 54/26/122/404/406.

To Capt. Kenneth Mcpherson
of Cluny's Regiment at his
Lodgings God knows where.

Dr. K.
      Some things occurred since parting with you that prevents my being with you as soon as I proposed. This is therefore to acquaint you Because I have nothing else to say That I wish you well, and pray to God to direct you in all your undertakings. You may say this is not the prayer of the faithfull But I say this and that it will have weight. But whether or not may the D---l himself take you if ever you slip one opportunity or post to tell me your news and when your dead write me that you are so and then our correspondence ends. The head and tail of this family desire me tell you that they wish you well.

I am Dr. K.,
          Yours J.G.
      22nd October 1745.

To John Gordon
Clerk of Badenoch
29th October 1745
Dr. John
      "I received yours of the 22nd But little did I expect that you would Desyre me with you till I saw your bonny face. I now once more say wt. Ulysses Nil mihi rescribas, tu tamen ipse veni. But if you still hearken to the w-d-ws per(su)asion rather than honour and glory I give you -up for Lost and every honesty. I cannot but Esteem you But what I never thought you to be . . . . you may gues what I mean . . . . however shall say no more till greater opportunity or Leisure offer. This I write from the south side of the water of Forth opposite to Alloa Sitting on a slimy Bank my feet in the uglyest Slyme My Target my Table waiting the rear I being the first man Crossed of our Regiment. We was affraid of Stirling but tho we passed by their noses within Reach


of their Guns did not fire a shot at us. We Lodged two nights at Alloa a night at Dumblaine a night at Crief. We go straight for Edr. We have a train of Baggage sent us from france that Cope's was nothing to it. Several Thousands of Arms ammunitions. The finest Cannon in Europe wt. French Engeeneers and officers in abundance. 400,000 pounds sterling of our own gold. this morning we are advised that annoyr such ship is landed in our neighbourhood.

      I conclude as I began adding may the mukle D---l take you if this finds you at home and as mukle take your Shee advisers that Detains you. Remember me to every Soul little or mukle that asks for me and I still am in the Usual manner.


Eteridge who now is come to this side Desyres you tell his wife etc: that he is very well in health -- -- as is all our Corps here from our Country. Remember me to Jo. Mcpherson and his wife etc. etc. etc. This wax is softened by the Cannon match that seals your Letter."


      The Clan Macpherson Association's Rally in 1966 must be set aside in the records as having been a notable occasion in our history. For the first time in the Association's life, the Rally was attended by our Chief, whose advice, opinions and patriarchal interest showed him as a true father of his Clan.

      The 'official' Rally commenced with the Chairman's reception, on Friday night before the Ball. The actual Rally had already begun, however, long before the reception. As in each year, the importance of our Rally lies for most of us in the meeting with old friends, in the convivial atmosphere and, too, in the true spirit of clanship and kinship which so quickly establish themselves around the centres where Macphersons gather, in the Duke of Gordon Hotel, at the Clan House and everywhere else.

      For many Clansmen, returning to our ancient homeland, there is particular satisfaction in visiting some of the spots renowned in MacPherson history. The Old Burying Ground at Kingussie, where the ancient font from the Priory provides a link with Muireach, our ancestral name-father; the monument to James 'Ossian' Macpherson in the little graveyard at Lynchat, with James' home of Balavil standing behind; Ruthven Barracks, where the Jacobite army rallied after Culloden, form a background as romantic as anyone could wish to see and, even though they are not as venerably antique as the castle in Loch an Eilean, yet their location at Ruthven, once the leading village of the district, is


sufficient warrant for a visit -- but to list all the places of interest to Macpherson Clansmen would be to make a complete gazetteer of all Badenoch, for each and every one of us has his own list of special places.

The Council Meeting
      On Friday afternoon, whilst the folk of the Clan were gathering, the Clan Council met in Clan House, with the largest attendance of recent years. Their deliberations included such important matters as the formation of the Clan Macpherson Trust, the Association Journal, the revisions proposed in the Association's Constitution, the reorganisation of the Association's Branch in the U.S.A. and many other items of detail which are of importance for the smooth running of the organisation.

      So much remained to be discussed by the Council that Friday's session was not long enough and, accordingly, the Council adjourned in the evening, to meet again, bright and early, on the following morning to continue their debate until the opening of the Annual General Meeting.

The Chairman's Reception and The Ball
      On Friday evening, the Chairman's Reception was held in the ballroom at the Duke of Gordon Hotel, in Kingussie, Allan Macpherson, from Inverness, our retiring Chairman, was host and we were delighted that his dear lady was able to be with him, although we all regret the illness which has deprived us of the devoted and energetic attention which Helen gave, for so many years, to the affairs of the Association.       The Ball, which followed immediately upon the Reception, was the usual happy social occasion. Clansmen were joined by many visitors to dance to the music of the Badenoch Band and to enjoy a full programme, which combined modern dances with Scottish Country dances. Although the Ball itself ended at 1 o'clock in the morning, its aftermath continued as always with the informal ceilidhean which have now become traditional at our Rallies. These went on -until the sma' 'oors. of the morning had begun to spread into hours that were not so sma"
The Annual General Meeting
      On Saturday morning, the Council joined the remainder of the Association at the Annual General Meeting which, as on former occasions, was held in the Newtonmore Village Hall.

      A solemn note was struck at the opening of the meeting when the Chairman, Allan G. Macpherson, referred to our sorrow at the passing of two Chiefs during the last year - Ewen George Macpherson of Cluny and Cameron Macpherson of Cluny.

      Continuing, Allan extended a loyal and happy welcome to our new Chief, Brigadier Alan Macpherson of Cluny and Blairgowrie, who was present for the first time in his position as Chief of the Clan. Cluny


responded, paying tribute especially to his immediate predecessor, Cameron Macpherson of Cluny, whose succession had held such hope and promise and whose days as Chief had so sadly been cut short. He declared his own intention to strive to maintain the position of Chief of the Clan Macpherson in accordance with the highest ideals of Chiefdom in the Highlands. When he sat down, Cluny was given a standing ovation by his Clansmen.

      Before passing to the business of the meeting, the Chairman spoke of the loss that the Association had sustained in the death of Captain James Macdonald, O.B.E., who had given such devoted service to us during his years as Curator at Clan House.

      Following discussion of the matters which the Council had brought before the meeting, the Association passed to the election of Officers. Lloyd C. MacPherson, Ontario, was unanimously elected Chairman, in succession to Allan G. Macpherson. A. I. S. Macpherson, Edinburgh, was elected to be Vice-chairman of the Association. The retiring Chairman, Allan, and Major J. E. Macpherson, the former Editor of Creag Dhubh, were elected Honorary Vice-presidents. The complete roll of Officers of the Association is listed at the beginning of this Journal.

      The new Chairman, thanking the Association for his election, paid warm tribute to the many years of service that his predecessor, Allan, has given to the Association -- as Hon. Treasurer, as Vice-chairman and, lastly, as Chairman. He was delighted to know that we are not going to lose Allan's services, for he would continue to take part as a Member of Council in his new role of Honorary Vice-president, and he would also continue to work as a member of the House Committee. In his reply, Allan made especial mention of the very great help that he had always received from his wife, Helen, particularly during his years of office as Hon. Treasurer. The meeting responded with applause to the mention of her name.

The March to the Games
      On Saturday afternoon, the programme of the Clan Rally again combined with the Newtonmore Highland Games. The menfolk of the Clan assembled at Old Ralia and, with Cluny at their head, marched behind the City of Glasgow Police Pipe Band to the Games Field. It was pointed out that this was an historic event in the Clan's history, being the first time since 1746 that the Clan Macpherson had marched 'on parade' behind their Chief.

      Standard-bearer on the march was R. G. M. Macpherson, Hon. Secretary of the Canadian Branch of the Association and our unofficial Clan Herald, who was paying his first visit to Badenoch. He was supported by two sword-bearers, Allan Macpherson and Lord Drumalbyn. The Chief was escorted by the Chairman and Vice-chairman, and it was delightful to see that the marching clansmen included several younger members of the Association to whom we will, someday, look for leadership.






      On arrival at the field, the Clan marched around the arena and were met and welcomed by Colonel M. B. H. Ritchie of Glenborrodale, the Chieftain of the Games and a loyal friend and supporter of the Clan Macpherson Association for many years. Speaking first in Gaelic and afterwards in English, he greeted our Chief and told of his great pleasure at being, once again, amongst Macpherson Clansmen in the Macpherson country. Cluny replied gratefully.

      During the afternoon's games and competitions, the Clan Macpherson Trophy for piping was won by a member of the City of Glasgow Police Pipe Band. Throughout the whole afternoon, the Association welcomed a constant stream of members, of friends and of visitors at the marquee on the field.

The Ceilidh
      For many, the climax of the Rally was the ceilidh, held on Saturday evening in the Duke of Gordon Hotel. Bailie Hugh Macpherson, Edinburgh, was again fear an tighe, acting as host on behalf of the Association to a gathering of nearly two hundred members and friends, hailing from no fewer than ten different countries.       For the visitor from overseas, it is a never-failing source of both wonder and envy to see and hear the wonderful entertainment that is provided by the people of Badenoch and of the surrounding districts. To pick out any particular item as being a highlight of the evening would, perhaps, be unfair. We cannot, however, help mentioning our pleasure at the Chief's singing of "The Bonnie Earl of Moray".

      Once again, the close of the 'official' ceilidh found many of us still ready for more, and strictly unofficial ceilidhean are reported to have continued until late in the night and early in the morning.

The Sabbath
      The events of the Rally were closed, according to our established custom, by a Church Service in St. Columba's at Kingussie. The sermon was preached by the Reverend Ninian B. Wright, MBE., B.D., who took as his text, appropriately, "Hold fast to the rock from whence ye are sprung". Mr. Wright conducted the service and lessons were read by the Chief and the Vice-chairman.

      Although the scheduled programme of the weekend was now over, more than fifty visitors climbed the steep slope of the Association's own land, traversing the narrow cliff-path to Cluny's Cave, on Creag Dhubh. Led by the Association's Hon. Secretary, John M. Barton, the party who dared the climb were rewarded by the account that they received of how Cluny of the Forty-Five had hidden in the cave, during some of the nine years of his concealment after Culloden. [As we know, the cave is just one of many hiding places that Cluny used during those nine years.]


      A number of members were able to extend their visit until Sunday night, when they saw the world premiere showing of the film, The Clan Macpherson. This documentary film showed much of the countryside of Badenoch and, too, it featured events of the 1965 Rally and exhibits in the Clan Museum.

* * *


Revision of the Constitution
      In 1964, the Annual General Meeting appointed a Committee to revise the Association's Constitution. The Chairman was The Rt. Hon. Lord Drumalbyn and committee members were A. F. Macpherson, Major J. E. Macpherson and John M. Barton. Much time was spent in considering the Constitution in detail and it was not until the Annual General Meeting of 1966 that the new Constitution was finally adjusted and presented to the Association, by whom it was adopted. In view of its length, it has been decided not to print the text of the Constitution in Creag Dhubh. Copies are available, and will be sent on application to the Hon. Secretary.

Major J. E. Macpherson
      Major J. E. Macpherson has given very valuable service to the Association over a number of years. It was, therefore, most appropriate that he should have been elected to be an Honorary Vice-president at the same time as the Association adopted the new Constitution, which he had helped to frame.

The Clan Macpherson Trust
      An important step, taken at the 1966 Annual General Meeting, was the creation of the Clan Macpherson Trust, to hold the House and Museum, and the funds which had previously been held by the Association for the benefit of the same. The Trust has been recognised by the Inland Revenue as a charity, and the effect of this will be that tax will no longer be payable upon the Fund's income. A further advantage from this will accrue if subscribers complete a covenant (forms are available from me or from Baillie Hugh Macpherson). This method of subscribing permits us to obtain a tax remission, and each £1 subscribed under covenant increases our funds by more than half as much again.
The Clan House and Museum Appeal
      Elsewhere in this issue of Creag Dhubh is a report on the Clan House and Museum Appeal and members will be pleased to note that it is making considerable progress.

      Plans for the new building have not yet been prepared, but it is hoped that a forthcoming Council meeting will consider the type of development and obtain the advice of an architect. Opinions vary as to


the details, but a majority seems to favour a single-storey building on the vacant ground at the back of the Clan House, facing the Perth-Inverness Road.

      Members, who have particular views or suggestions, are invited to submit them to Bailie Hugh Macpherson or to the Hon. Secretary.

United States Branch
      The Association Branch in the U.S.A. has been dormant for some time. Members will be interested to learn that the Canadian Branch has very kindly offered to accept responsibility for reorganising the Branch and are now going ahead with their plans.

      The proposal was welcomed at a recent meeting of the Council and, as an interim measure, the Canadian Branch has already transferred (temporarily) the United States Membership to their own Branch and are appointing a Vice-chairman with special responsibility for the United States Members.

      It is intended that this arrangement will be for a period of three years and, at the end of that time, consideration will be given to the re-establishment of a separate Branch of the Association in the United States of America.                           J.M.B.


      The 1967 Rally will be held on the first weekend of August, from August 4th to August 6th.

      This will be our Twenty-first Annual Gathering of the Clan Macpherson Association, and it is hoped to make it a particularly memorable occasion, with an even larger attendance of Clansmen from all over the world. Our Chairman, Lloyd C. MacPherson, has already made arrangements to travel from Canada, specially to attend.

      The details of the programme for the weekend are being prepared, and it is intended that events will be on much the same lines as in recent years.

Friday evening (4th August)
      Reception by the Chairman, followed by a Highland Ball within the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie.

Saturday (August 5th)
      Morning -- Annual General Meeting at Newtonmore.
      Afternoon -- Clan March (weather permitting) and Newtonmore Highland Games.
      Evening -- Ceilidh within the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie.
Sunday (August 6th)
      Morning -- Service in St. Columba's Parish Church, Kingussie.
      Afternoon -- An informal excursion to some place of interest will be arranged.                                                                                 J.M.B.


      In the first 'Gleanings' published in Creag Dhubh (Vol. III, No. 1 in 1965), there was included a Petition to the Factor appointed by the Govermnent Commissioners. The petitioners were the "poor tenants on that part of the Estate of Cluny called Gaskenloan" and they asked that an increase be made in the salary of forty shillings per annum, which was allowed by the Commissioners to the teacher of the children on that part of the Estates.

      It appeared that the remuneration was not sufficient to induce a teacher to stay long, and that constant changes were hurtful to the pupils. Nevertheless, the Accounts for the Estate show that the payment of forty shillings was still being made in 1778. So, notwithstanding the poor remuneration of the Gaskenloan schoolmaster, the work of the school seems to have continued.

      Some further light is cast on this educational effort by the following documents, contained in the records of the Factor's administration for 1756, viz.: (1) A Report of the Examination of the Scholars held at Gaskenloan on 6 May 1756; and (2) A Roll of the Scholars (25 Boys and 7 Girls), submitted together with the report. The text of these two papers is appended to this account.

      It will be seen that the curriculum consisted of moral and religious instruction. This was in compliance with the aim of the Administration of the Estates, to promote the Protestant religion and to provide instruction, inter alia, in reading and writing the English language. The significance of the column in the Roll dealing with Progress is not apparent. It is suggested, however, that the subjects listed under the heading of "Progress" show the standards reached by the pupils and, too, the sequence of the instruction which was given to them, starting first with Catechism, thence to Proverbs and onwards to Testament (presumably the New Testament) and, finally, to the Bible itself. The addition of a mysterious "W" must, surely, signify the ability to write.

      The intellectual standard at Gaskenloan must have been high, if children of four years of age were expected to cope with the Catechism -- presumably the famous Shorter Catechism, for the instruction of "such as are of weaker capacity". This Catechism is, by present-day standards, considered to be stiff going for maturer minds. It will be noted that none of the girls, apparently, required the preliminary instruction in the Catechism, but they are older than the youngest group of boys.

      The considerable number of children under instruction, from one small township alone, may reflect the anxiety of their parents to obtain for them an entry into the wider world, for which a knowledge of English was a qualification. They may have realised that the old society was on the way out and that the future would call for wider knowledge than was provided in the old life in the Glen.


      At Gasklon May the 6th day 1756 Years

This being the dyet appointed for the Visitation of the School settled by Ensign James Small factor to his Majesty upon the forfeited estates of Struan Robertson and Cluny at Gasklon in the parish of Laggan and Presbytery of Abertarph and the following Correspondents, Namely Master Duncan Macpherson Minister of the Gospell in the parish of Laggan Donald Macintosh of Gergask Donald Macpherson of Kenloch and Charles Machardy Master of ye Charity School in the parish of Laggan being accordingly there Conveend the said Quorum of Correspondents did chuse the Reverend Mr Duncan Macpherson to be their preses and Charles Machardy to be their Clerk, and the said preses haveing begun the meeting with prayer they Called for a List of the Scholars Names and found present at the said School 32 in all 25 boys and 7 Girls answering to their Names and the said Quorum after Examining And trying the Said Schollars find Cause to testifle that the said Allan Macpherson Schoolmaster has been faithfull and diligent in teaching and instructing his Schollars, 2do, that the Children under his Care has made good progress in their learning in the Short time he has been there, 3tio, that he prays with them evening and morning that he deserves to be encouraged Lastly, ye Schoolmaster and Schollars being Suitably Exhorted the preses Concluded the meeting with prayer.

(Signed) DUN. MCPHERSON Preses.
               CHA: MACHARDY, Clerk.
A List of the Names age Entry and Progress of the Schollars
at the School of Gaskinlone the 6th day of May 1756
Names age      Entry Year Progress
Thomas Macpherson 12 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible, W.
Donald Macdonald 15 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible, W.
William Macdonald 12 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible, W.
Angus Macdonald 6 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible, W.
John Macdonald 10 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible, W.
Angus Macpherson 9 Deer. 22d 1755 Bible, W.
John Macpherson 8 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Donald Macpherson 16 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
John Macpherson 10 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Alexander Macpherson 8 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Donald Macpherson 8 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Donald Macdonald 8 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
William Macpherson 6 Decr. 22d 1755 Testament
Evan Macdonald 7 March 13th 1756 Testament
Angus Macpherson 8 March 13th 1756 Testament
Donald Macpherson 9 Decr. 22d 1755 Proverbs
Donald Clerk 5 Janry 22d 1756 Proverbs
Donald Macpherson 8 Decr. 22d 1755 Proverbs
Donald Kenedy 8 Janry 20th 1756 Catechism
James Clerk 8 Janry 22d 1756 Catechism
Duncan Macpherson 6 Janry 22d 1756 Catechism
Donald Macdonald 7 March 13th 1756 Catechism
Evan Macpherson 4 Aprile 13th 1756 Catechism
Angus Kenedy 4 Aprile 13th 1756 Catechism
Colin Gordon 4 Aprile 13th 1756 Catechism
Girls' Names age Entry Year Progress
Jean Macpherson 9 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Marjory Macpherson 9 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Anne Macpherson 6 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Isabel Macpherson 9 Decr. 22d 1755 Bible
Jean Clerk 8 Decr. 22d 1755 Testament
Janet Macpherson 9 Decr. 22d 1755 Proverbs
Jean Clerk 6 Decr. 22d 1755 Proverbs


      During last, year the Clan House was open between 19th April and 30th September. During that period no fewer than 2,139 visitors signed the book in the Museum, which was 455 more than in the corresponding period of 1964. (For comparative purposes 1965 has been discounted, owing to the closure of the House during part of that year.) [We suspect that the Museum was closed during part of 1965 because Capt. Macdonald had died and a new curatorwas being sought.]       The recorded addresses of our visitors shows that they came from the the following countries, with the number from each shown in brackets: England (1,207), Scotland (637), Ireland (8), Isle of Man (2), U.S.A. (90), Canada (50), South Africa (4),, Australia (26), New Zealand (13), France (27), Spain (1), Norway and Sweden (9), Denmark (5), Belgium (11), Holland (15), Italy (1), West Germany (12), Cyprus (1) and Malta (3).

      Amongst the visitors, 125 claimed Macpherson kinship and thirty of these, who were not already members of the Association, readily accepted an invitation to join. Sixty-eight application forms were taken away for enrolment of members of the enquirers' families, with a promise that they would be returned either to the Hon. Treasurer or to Clan House.

      We are indebted to hotel-owners in the district for their co-operation in sending their guests to visit the Museum. In particular we are grateful to Mr. John Hilton, manager of the Craig Mhor Hotel in Newtonmore. Without this co-operation and interest in the Museum, the figures for English visitors would undoubtedly be very much smaller.

      In the few months that have elapsed since entering into the Curator's office, many amusing incidents have occurred. Two of these are particularly well worth recounting.

      A party from the English North-country had been listening attentively to the story of Cluny of the Forty-Five and of the escape which is commemorated in the Epergne. One dear old lady, from Southport, gasped her admiration of the hero, exclaiming, "Ba goom! 'E were a lad!"

      On another occasion, a little girl was seen to be studying the Loving Cup with particular attention. After a long contemplation of it, she turned to her father and in a loud voice asked, "Is that the World Cup, Daddy?"

      During the year, the Canadian Broadcasting Company, through correspondence, showed great interest in one of our most precious exhibits, the manuscript memoirs of the Chevalier Johnston, who was A.D.C. to Lord George Murray during the Forty-Five, escaped to France and served with the French army in Canada until the final battle at Quebec. The Editor of Creag Dhubh advised the C.B.C. during the planning stages of their project, which was to make a series of semidocumentary films in which the Chevalier Johnston's exploits would be prominently shown. Filming commenced, during the summer, at


Culloden. It was not possible to visit the Museum until the last week of November, lack of time being responsible for the delay. After the camera team had installed themselves, with all their apparatus, the Museum looked like a Hollywood studio. Filming of the book began at four o'clock in the afternoon and was completed by seven-thirty -- all the photography having been done in colour.

      To complete the scene for our visitors, Newtonmore was enveloped in a blizzard at the time and they left for Blair Atholl, on their way southwards, under conditions which must have reminded them of their own winter weather at home in Canada.

      I have now completed my first year as Curator, and have found the work both rewarding and interesting. I think that the appreciative remarks in the Visitors' Book give clear evidence of the fact that the Clan Museum is something of very great interest to people from all over the world.

* * *

      Amongst recent additions to the Clan Macpherson collections in the Museum, the following are gratefully acknowledged:
Royal commemorative scroll and Service medals (1914-1918) of Major Denis Macpherson, 13th Royal Scots, who was killed in action at the Battle of Loos. (From Brigadier Alan D. Macpherson of Cluny and Blairgowrie, D.S.O., M.C., 26th Chief.)

Signed photograph of Albert Cameron Macpherson of Cluny (23rd Chief. (From Mrs. Orchard, The Hermitage, Kingussie.)

A metrical Psalter, inscribed on inside cover, "D.M. of Cluny, 42nd Royal Highlanders 'The Black Watch"' and The Storming of Dargai and Other Poems by Alexander Cluny Macpherson, published apparently in 1900. (From Dr. Ian Richardson, Creag a' Bhile, Laggan.)

Livery button, stamped with the Chief's Crest. (From Mrs. Kennedy, Croftroy, Newtonmore.)

Framed print of John Macpherson of Ballochroan ("The Black Officer") and two Gaelic Bibles. (From Mr. John Hilton, Creag Mhor Hotel, Newtonmore.)
Silver-mounted Cane, inscribed "In remembrance of Cluny. 3rd October, 1886."; together with eight books: History of the County of Lennox and Addington, Complete Despatches of Lord French, A Boy in the Peninsular War, Soldiering in India 1764-1787, The Literature of the Highlanders, The Black Watch (The Record of an Historical Regiment), and two Gaelic Bibles. (From Mrs. Boswell Brown, Gaskmore, Laggan.)

      We are grateful to Bailie Hugh Macpherson for the gift of curtains, in the Grey Tartan, for the Museum.



      The third Gathering of the Clans to be convened since the Forty-Five met in Inverness on 25th June, 1966. It was held in the beautiful Bught Park, on the North Bank of the River Ness, under the watchful eyes of Flora Macdonald, from her statue on the Castle Hill.

      Oh! What a beautiful morning! After days of steady, heavy rain, the day of the Gathering turned out to be warm and sunny when, in the morning, Provost W. J. Mackay of Inverness met the Clan Chiefs and the delegates at a Civic Reception in the historic Town Hall, giving us all a very warm welcome. At the close of the Reception Colonel D. W. Cameron of Lochiel thanked the Provost for the town's hospitality.

      From the Town Hall we made our way to the Bught Park, which was a beautiful sight. Twenty-one marquees, of various sizes, housed the representatives of no fewer than thirty-one Clans and a blaze of colour was added to the scene by the banners of the various Clans which flew outside the various tents, with that of the Lord High Constable of Scotland high above them all, billowing in the gentle breeze at the head of the fifty-foot high main flagstaff. To all this was added the music of some of the world's finest pipe bands and the colours of their uniforms. Nowhere else on earth could one find a more magnificent combination of sight and sound.

      The sixteen thousand people who attended the Gathering began to file through the many entrances (official and otherwise!) at mid-day, and in a very short while one could hardly move in the Clans' enclosure. The marquees filled quickly with clansfolk from home and overseas, all anxious to meet their own Chief or his representative. Amongst the busiest of the Chiefs was our own Cluny, whom we were all delighted to welcome amongst us. His natural Highland charm and his bearing made an immediate impression, not only upon the throng of his own clansfolk whom he met, but also upon all the other people to whom he spoke. Truly, we have a Chief of whom-to be proud!

      We are all of us most grateful for the magnificent work that was done by our team who, indefatigably, manned the Clan Macpherson marquee. These were Alastair , Winifred and their family, from Llanbryde, with Helen and her family from Inverness. The writer could not spend as much time as he would have liked in the marquee, owing to other commitments on the field. Very many clansfolk visited us -- so many, in fact, that the marquee was crowded and unfortunately a number went away without having signed our visitors' book and, almost as seriously, without being offered the Macpherson hospitality, upon which we pride ourselves. ----------------------------------------------------------------184---------------------------------------------------------------

      Clan Gunn had been delayed in their decision whether or not they would be able to attend the Gathering and, as a result, they had been unable to procure a marquee for their own use. We were very glad to be able to invite them to share our own marquee and they were there represented by Mr. Gordon Gunn, the well-known artist, whom we were delighted to welcome to our canvas home for the day.

The work of organising the Gathering, which was held in conjunction with the World Pipe Band Championships, occupied more than twelve months. As Chairman of the organising committee, the writer takes this opportunity to thank his committee members for all the work and enthusiasm that they put into the effort, without which the Gathering could never have been such an outstanding success, both socially and financially.


      The Clan Macpherson Association is indeed fortunate in having been able to find a man like Flying-Officer Eoin Macpherson to be our Curator and Librarian in succession to such a worthy Curator as the late Captain James Macdonald.

      Born in Alyth, Perthshire, Eoin was the elder son of the late John Macpherson, ex-Deputy Chief Constable of Perthshire. He was educated at Morrison's Academy, in Crieff and, on leaving school he entered the service of the British Linen Bank, serving first at Crieff and, subsequently in Perth, Kingussie, Arbroath, Forres, Stornoway and Thurso. His last appointment was to the Turriff Branch of the Bank.

      In Turriff, Eoin took an active and distinguished part in the life of the community. For over twenty years he was a Deacon and Elder of St. Andrew's Parish Church and, latterly, was its Session Clerk. He was Treasurer of St. Congan's Masonic Lodge, No. 922 S.C., for fifteen years and held office in the R.A. Chapter, R.A.M., and in the Council of R.C.Kts. In 1944 he was appointed Secretary of the British Legion Branch and, since then, has held every office therein. He was elected to be a Life Member of the British Legion Scotland, is an Hon. Vice-president of the Turriff Branch and still takes a keen interest in all its affairs. He is also an enthusiastic rifle shot and was Secretary of the Turriff Rifle Club in the year in which it won the Scottish Cup.

      Eoin would appear to have inherited from his father an enthusiasm for law and order! In 1938 he joined the Special Constabulary in Arbroath at a time when, by notable coincidence, our late Curator was Arbroath's Chief Constable. He went on to serve in four Forces under seven Chief Constables, rising to be Inspector in the Turriff district and being awarded the Long Service Medal, with Bar, of the Special Constabulary.


      Although in a reserved occupation and therefore not eligible for war service, Eoin volunteered for the Royal Air Force in 1941 and, in his own words, he "got away with it" -- for he was accepted and was appointed to be Flying Officer. After duties as Flight Commander and as Instructor at an Initial Training School for Air-crews, he was posted to India, in 1942, and was Assistant Camp Commandant at R.A.F. Headquarters. He was invalided home to the U.K. in 1943 and thereafter served as Anti-Gas Instructor and as Security Officer at a large Air Force Station. On leaving the R.A.F. he retained his rank, finally returning to the British Linen Bank's service after demobilisation.

      On his return from India, Eoin married Tryphosa, the second daughter of the late John Macpherson, Newtonmore. Her father was piper to Cluny and was the last of his world-known piping family to hold that position. Phosa, as she is affectionately known, has a connection with the Chief and the Clan which is traced back for more than two hundred years. An ancestor, James Macpherson, was piper to Cluny of the Forty-Five and, together with his Chief, was one of the few men who were in hiding in the company of Prince Charles Edward, before he sailed for France. Her uncle, Angus Macpherson, Achany House, Lairg, is probably the best known of all living composers of bagpipe music, and he is equally famous as a piper and as a judge of piping. Angus, who is now ninety years of age, is Senior Piper to the Clan Macpherson Association.

      Before her marriage, Phosa had been in the Civil Service, working in Newtonmore, Kingussie, Elgin and Dunfermline before being posted to London, where she stayed for a number of years. When war was declared, she was specially enlisted for secret work with the Foreign Office.

      Phosa's principal interest lies in embroidery. She has won many top prizes for her craft, including no fewer than ten first prizes at the Royal Highland Show. She was awarded the Silver Plaque, a Bronze Medal and a Certificate for embroidery at the International Handerafts Exhibition in London. She holds, too, three other Bronze Medals and a Judge's Certificate. Most recent successes have been the acceptance of two pieces of work for the Diamond Jubilee Exhibition of the Embroiderers' Guild, in London, for which she has been awarded certificates.

      As we go to Press, we have received news that Phosa has won yet another distinction. Congratulations are due to her on winning second place in her embroidery class, against competition of an unusually high standard, at the Royal Highland Show.

      Eoin and Phosa have now been settled in the Clan House for more than a year and we take this opportunity, although belated, of wishing them a long, happy and successful retirement.



      Soon after the 1966 Rally, the Chief wrote to offer a Challenge Cup for annual competition amongst members of the Association. In making this offer, Cluny made some personal suggestions as to possible lines upon which the competition should be run but, at the same time, he refrained from stipulating any firm rules whilst asking for comments and suggestions from the Branches. Unfortunately, no Branch has yet sent any reply regarding the Chief's suggestion and, accordingly, it is unlikely that the competition for the Cup will take place this year. His offer is quoted below, in the hopes that it will bring a response from members.

      In the course of a personal letter, Cluny wrote, "I have been thinking about trying to see more of the Clan during the next twelve months, and it has struck me that, as I am not as mobile as I used to be, the mountain should be encouraged to come to Mohammed. The bait which I proffer is a small Challenge Cup (actually, it is one that they awarded to me at Woolwich, nearly sixty years ago, for not falling off my horse or missing the target as often as did the other cadets!)."

      Cluny continued by giving his own first-thoughts upon the form that competition should take, but he asked particularly that suggestions should be invited and these should be considered before the rules are finally decided upon. His proposal is that the competition should be three-fold and that marks should be awarded in respect of:
      a. The best 18-holes at golf, played on the Blairgowrie Course, on any day of the year, but no competitor to put in more than one card. (Query -- should this be played scratch or handicap?);
      b. Piping; and
      c. Gaelic-speaking.

      These last two to be judged at Newtonmore, Cluny himself being sole judge of merit but reserving the right to appoint supplementary judges to assist him, should he wish to do so.

      It will be much appreciated if Members of the Association will send their comments and suggestions regarding this very generous offer of the Chief; it is requested, however, that letters on the subject be not sent to Cluny himself. They should be addressed to the Hon. Secretary Depute, at Clan House, Newtonmore, with the envelope marked "Challenge Cup".



      1966 is slipping into history faster than any other year I have known, but, at least I can point to considerable progress in the securing of the £5,000 target which as a Clan Association we have set ourselves in order to build a new Clan Museum. As at 31st October, 1966, the

figure raised is £1,414 2s. 2d. A list of contributors is appended [not included here] which gives thirty names, and when we consider that we have nearly 1,300 members, it is natural to assume that the sum of £5,000 will be raised in the forseeable future.

      Several branches have indicated to me that they are running functions for the Fund during the winter session, which leads me to believe that we may reach £2,000 before our coming-of-age rally in August. This sum would encourage us to make a sketch plan, and at the same time we could look forward to an actual date when the construction might begin. Naturally, though, I should like to have as much cash in the Fund as possible, before that time, as interest rates on borrowed money are much too high for comfort these days.

      I know that many of our members intend to contribute, and I would, therefore, urge them to do so as quickly as possible. Our Curator is working in very cramped conditions, and visitors to the Clan House and Museum are constantly increasing in number.

      Not only are we helping our Clan Association by building a new Museum, but we are proving ourselves an asset to the community, and, indeed, to Scotland. Interest in Clan matters at home and abroad is increasing by leaps and bounds, and more and more visitors come to our country every year.

      Elsewhere, our Secretary, John M. Barton, explains the formation of the Clan Macpherson Trust which means that the Inland Revenue people look upon the Trust as a charity, with the result that we do not pay income tax. Furthermore, donations may be made by deed of covenant, thus securing additional benefit to the Museum Fund.

      Donations, large or small, will be gratefully received and acknowledged by myself .

              HUGH MACPHERSON,
              Chairman, Clan Macpherson House and Museum Appeal Fund,

17 West Maitland Street, EDINBURGH, 12. Tel. CAL 4008.



Not included here




      "A clan, in the original Gaelic sense of the term as used by Scottish Highlanders, is really an extended family, broadly based in the present in a great multitude of cousins, tapering to a few dimly-seen ancestors some generations back. Clan history, therefore, is mainly a matter of genealogy, and when individual clansmen are active in the events of their time, and hereditable, property and personal status are at stake, the clan historian must turn genealogist."

      With the foregoing, Alan G. Macpherson introduces a most detailed and comprehensive study of the structure of Clan Macpherson, its families and its territories. His work is the result of many years of research and a careful examination of all the records of the Clan. It is indeed marvellous that the author has been able to accumulate so much information, whilst living on the Western side of the Atlantic with the original sources so far away.

      Early in the work, the writer refers to The Invereshie Book, a large manuscript volume which contains copies of manuscripts which were some time in the possession of Provost Alexander Macpherson of Kingussie, the originals of which have been lost. The copies were made about 1913 by G. B. Macpherson-Grant, and the Association is fortunate to have The Invereshie Book preserved within the Museum for, without it, a vast amount of extremely valuable material would have been lost irrecoverably. It is, indeed, upon the information supplied by Macpherson-Grant's diligent copying that Professor Macpherson has based his present study.

      With the extensive information that he has gathered, the writer has been able to provide a detailed study of the three Sliochd, of mediaeval land-tenure in Badenoch and of the social life of the Clan in its early days. All this makes it possible to obtain an insight into the true position of the Clan prior to the sixteenth century and, at the same time, we are enabled to learn reliably of its early origins.

      Professor Macpherson's account is not a matter for light reading on an idle evening. It is truly a thesis on the highest level of scholastic research, and it demonstrates that the study of a Highland Clan constitutes something far beyond a mere patriotic interest in one's forebears. This work is the result of very serious research, which will have a lasting value to those who may take part in further investigation of the social history of the Highlands.

       Professor Macpherson's work was achieved under the auspices of the School of Scottish Studies, which is a research institute of the University of Edinburgh. It is very pleasing to note that a body of this nature exists to sponsor such scholastic works as must, inevitably, have a very small circulation.                                                                                                                                              J.M.B.

      The Posterity of the Three Brethren, written by Professor Alan G. Macpherson of the Memorial University, Newfoundland, has been published under the auspices of the Canadian Branch of the Clan Macpherson Association. It is, without doubt, the most important work on the Clan which has been produced within the Association. Copies are available from Clan House (see insert sheet regarding Clan publications) and it is suggested, seriously, that every member should acquire a copy, for it contains a wealth of information of the greatest interest to all Macphersons, whether living in Scotland or abroad. It is concisely and clearly written and it is sure to make the reader proud of the Clan to which he belongs.

      Praise must go to the individual subscribers, named in the foreword, and to the enterprise of the Canadian Branch which sponsored this venture. The project was not without considerable cost, and it is hoped that the members of our Association, wherever they may be, will give their support to making this publication a financial success and, in so-doing, will encourage others to go ahead with similar ventures in the future.


      This book contains more than a dozen individual chapters, featuring the origins of the Clan, the extent of its settlements, and its family history -- the last-mentioned item being based upon an Sliochd nan Triair Bhraithrean (the Posterity of the Three Brothers), representing the three families upon which the whole structure of the Clan depended. The chapters go on to tell of the social life within the Clan, of its relations with its neighbours, of the Macpherson contribution to the Rising of the Forty-Five and, no less, of the important part which Macpherson clansmen have played in the history of the world.

      No account of this book would be complete without mention of the two chapters which have been contributed by A. F. Macpherson and by R. G. M. Macpherson. The former writes of the tartans of Clan Macpherson and the latter gives an account of the Clan's heraldry. Both contributors are, without doubt, the most knowledgeable in their own fields, and it is a pleasure to follow their explanations and to note their comments on particular items. The coloured plates of the tartans and the drawings of Macpherson armorial bearings are most attractive and add greatly to the interest of these chapters.

      So much more could be written in praise of this book but it is hoped that everyone reading this account will purchase a copy and have the pleasure of learning more about their Clan.                       J.M.B.

      The history of the Forty-Five is a matter of such vital importance to Clan Macpherson that anything bearing on the subject must , of necessity, provide matter for study within its context. The horror which spread throughout the Highlands after the massacre of Glencoe contributed largely to the support which was given to the House of Stewart in the Risings of the Fifteen, the Nineteen and, finally and fatally, the Forty-Five.

      In comparison with modem achievements in the field of slaughter, Glencoe was an affair of the utmost triviality, resulting in the death of no more than thirty-six members of a small family group in a remote part of the country which, to the majority of people, was regarded as savage and primitive. Nowadays such an event would hardly justify headlines in a daily newspaper -- so has 'civilisation' progressed!

      To the country at large, the particular shock of Glencoe lay in the revelation that the murders were committed in obedience to an order signed by the king himself, William III, and that three of the most important politicians of the time were involved. To the Highlander, accustomed to a certain amount of barbarity in the conduct of clan warfare, the shock lay not in the criminal nature of the deed but in its wanton disregard of the traditional code of morality, which gave enormous importance to the laws of hospitality to a degree comparable only to that prevailing amongst the Bedouin, The relationship betweenhost and guest was sacrosanct whilst sharing a roof. The breach of this tradition, the murder of hosts by the guests whom they were entertaining, struck deeply into the feelings of all Gaeldom with a wave of horror that time has served only to increase -- although much of current feeling on the subject is based upon subsequent propaganda and in ignorance of the actual facts of the case.

      It is timely that a book should have been written on the subject of Glencoe. It is unfortunate, however , that John Prebble should have undertaken the writing as he has done. He has collected a mass of valuable information, his writing is clear and his tale is a straightforward one. He is, however, uncritical. To him the characters of his story are like those in a television Western -- they are divided sharply between the Highland "goodies" and the Lowland and English "baddies". Glencoe is most readable, as can be expected in any work by Mr. Prebble. It is not, however, the work of an historian, for it is written with a vein of overlaid sentimentality which, pardonable in a film scenario, has no place in serious recording of historical fact. This book is, regrettably, not vintage-Prebble and, in fact, the tale of Glencoe has already been told, more clearly and far more succinctly, by John Buchan with whose work this present book must inevitably and unfavourably be compared.


      Malcolm Macpherson was born in Badenoch in the middle years of the last century. As a young man he had been keenly interested in the old stories of the district, which he heard by the ceilidh fireside, and he remembered them still during the years that he spent in the Police service, far away in London. When he retired, be returned home and lived with his brother, a former gamekeeper, in Kingussie and our old friend, Mr. William Johnstone, remembers him still, when he used to wander round the printing works.

      Malcolm, even in his old age, retained his interest in the old tales and fortunately he discovered a ready listener in Mr. James Johnstone, who was for so long the Editor of The Badenoch Record. The stories were turned from their original Gaelic and were printed in The Badenoch Record, whence they were collected and reprinted as a booklet in the 1920s. After being out-of-print and unobtainable for many years, Legends of Badenoch have now been reprinted and the seventeen tales that comprise the collection are of immense value, being in many cases the only record that we have of the tales which were once current in the district.

      The stories are told in a quaint "romantic" prose which is delightfully evocative of former days and of the old and more leisured school of writers. It is indeed pleasant to welcome an old friend back in print once more. Even more exciting is to hear that Mr. Johnstone believes that he has identified more of Malcolm Macpherson's tales, in early volumes of The Badenoch Record, written under the penname of "Gynack". It is hoped that these fresh discoveries may be included when Legends of Badenoch are again reprinted -- and a reprint will surely be called for.

      An authoritative work on the subject of our native Scottish music has been a long-felt want which has, at last, been supplied b y Francis Collinson in The Traditional and National Music of Scotland. This is no dry-as-dust, scholastic compendium -- it is eminently readable, even for the person who is least-versed in the technical language of musicians. The peculiar idiom of Scottish music, both Highland and Lowland, is traced and is confirmed to be something that belongs to this country alone. Melodies are printed plentifully, their histories are expounded fully and delightfully and, too, we are presented with a wide picture of how much has been lost, bow much has been deliberately destroyed and, in hopeful contrast, how much still survives and is being collected today.

      A song, unknown until recently although it belongs to the Forty-Five, has just been recorded from the singing of a retired miner, in Edinburgh. Old manuscripts have come to light in unexpected places, others are known to have existed and may yet be rediscovered. We read, sadly, of the ministers who ordered the destruction of musical instruments and forbade the singing of traditional songs as being the work of Satan. Even more distressingly, we learn that revivalist preachers are continuing this work, even today. Some encouragement comes, however, in the Church's co-operation in recording and preserving the "long tunes" which are a unique and peculiarly Scottish form of ecclesiastical music.

      Macphersons appear in chapter after chapter. The piping of Calum Piobaire is traced back, generation by generation, to the teaching of Paruig Mor and, through him, to Iain Odhar, the earliest of the MacCrimmon pipers. Full credit is given to James Macpherson, the freebooter, and exciting information is revealed that it may yet be possible to discover and record a hitherto-lost composition of his. Another clansman mentioned is George Harvey Webb, younger son of Eva Macpherson of Newfoundland, whose "musical pedigree" is traced in a direct line from Neil Gow -- whose fiddle he owns and upon which he plays in the veritable style and idiom of the master.

      Scotland has indeed a deep and notable heritage of native music which has been neglected for far too long. Mr. Collinson develops his theme both instrumentally and vocally. He deals at length and in detail with the varying forms of bagpipe


music, that of the Lowland pipes as wellas the better known piob mor; fiddle, viol, harp and too, the only instrument which may be a Scottish invention, the croud -- all have their place and all are discussed. So too are the songs, the lays and the ballads of Lowlands and Highlands, which are given their proper and important place in our music.

      Much has been lost. Much, however, may yet be rediscovered. It is recalled that the Boswell papers were found, as recently as 1930, in a croquet-box. The Straloch manuscripts of lute-music, dated 1627 and 1629, have only recently disappeared after being sold at auction in London, and may still exist and be traced. Again we find the name Macpherson mentioned -- it is hinted that there may, quite possibly, remain undiscovered the precious Gaelic originals of James 'Ossian' Macpherson's manuscripts, which he is believed to have "lost" when he accompanied Governor Johnstone to Florida in 1764.

      This is a wonderful book. It brings with it, though, a sad reflection on modern Scotland. In spite of the wonderful work which is being done by such institutions as the School of Scottish Studies, this great work on Scottish music bears the printed legend, "Made in England".

Books Reviewed
      An Old Highland Genealogy. Alan G. Macpherson ("Scottish Studies" Vol. 10, Part 1, 1966. University of Edinburgh).
      The Posterity of the Three Brethren. Alan G. Macpherson. (Canadian Branch, the Clan Macpherson Association). Obtainable at Clan House.
Glencoe, John Prebble. (Secker & Warburg).
Legends of Badenoch. "The Badenoch Record". (Jas. Johnstone & Son., Kingussie. 3s. 6d.).
Traditional and National Music of Scotland, Francis Collinson. (Routledge & Kegan Paul. 63s.).

      Douglas Gray, of Glasgow's Park Film Studios, is an old and valued friend of the Clan Macpherson Association and was largely responsible for the production of our own record of Macpherson airs and dances. He has recently introduced us to a new and notable recording project which is he developing in the recording of Scottish material.

      An outstanding release, in recent months, has been a record of Scottish Violin Music, played by Ronald Gonella who is a notable figure at the Edinburgh Festivals. This record is especially valuable for its playing of the deeply-moving Slow Airs and Slow Strathspeys which were perfected by the Gows, have been neglected for many years, but which are now happily being restored to their high place amongst violin music. "Cluny Castle" is a welcome feature amongst the many fine compositions included in this great recording.

      Ian Wallace, has once again, brought his genius to bear on an interpretation of Scottish songs -- some old and some not-so-old. Bon Gaultier's delightful ballad The Massacre of Macpherson is a joy to hear again and, for full measure, it is accompanied on the same record by The West-end Park a modern and most entertaining take-off of "Keelvinsaide refeenment". A second record by Ian Wallace gives is a robust, though bowdlerised rendering of The One-Eyed Riley -- which all players of rugby football will remember -- together with a version of Rosin the Beau which is undoubtedly a Scottish song, for it appears in some of our oldest collections, but which, in this instance, was noted as far away as Kent.

      For Scottish Country Dance enthusiasts and, too, for those who enjoy the lilt and rhythm of the music, the Atholl Players provide an outstanding treat. Eight dances are recorded at full-length -- The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh, Dalkeith's


Strathspey, Gates of Edinburgh, Bonnie Anne, Cadgers in the Canongate, Hooper's Jig, New Rigged Ship and Back o' Bennachie. One of the longest-experienced teachers of Scottish dancing, in the Highlands, says that this record is quite one of the best ever yet produced for dancing. For sheer enjoyment of listening, it has few equals.

      For sheer nostalgia -- though, possibly, of "specialist" interest -- it is hard to find anything which brings back old days as vividly as does a recording made as two veteran steam engines of the Caledonian Railway hauled the train over Drumochter, through Dalwhinnie, Newtonmore and Kingussie, on to Aviemore. It is all there -- not a word spoken, nor needed. The guard's whistle, the slow drawing away, the heavy panting of the exhaust, pulling up to the summit; nothing is left out, and everything is here to delight all of us, young and not-so-young, who still love "puffers".

      Finally, to rebut those who still believe Gaelic to be dead or, at best, stagnant in unchanging Celtic twilight, Alasdair Gillies, who is a Mod medallist, has sprung into modem style with a new record of modern songs, sung in Gaelic and in the modern style. This is fun -- and it is encouraging too.

Records Reviewed
      Scottish Violin Music, Robert Gonella. 12' LP. Scots Disc SDL-001).
      Massacre of Macpherson, Ian Wallace. (7" EP. Scots Disc SDE-01). Obtainable at Clan House.
      Ian Wallace Sings. Ian Wallace. (7" EP. Scots Disc SDE-02).
      With the Mail to Aviemore , (7" LP. Argo Transacord. EAF 73).
      Dances of Scotland, Atholl Players. (12' LP. Scots Disc SDL-002).
      The Swinging Gael, Alasdair Gillies. (7" EP. Thistle RWEP 641).


      It may interest your readers to hear how the affairs of the Clan got mixed up with, and had to make way for, affairs of State.

      The committee entrusted with the drafting of the new constitution, successfully brought into being at the 1966 Rally, was geographically divided, one part functioning in Edinburgh, consisting of the veteran constitution-maker, Fraser Macpherson, W.S., and our energetic secretary, who was kept busy producing a succession of drafts registering our ordered progress towards agreement; and a second part functioning in London, consisting of Lord Drumalbyn and the writer.

     In the London section some advance was made by correspondence, but early in 1966 it was decided that in order to speed matters up, meetings were necessary, and two were therefore arranged, with time for reference to Edinburgh in between. One was to be at Lord Drumalbyn's flat, conveniently close to the House of Lords, but when the writer arrived there at the appointed time, it was to be told that Lord Niall had been detained at the House, and would we join him there. When his lordship had been called from the Chamber, a junction was effected and discussion of the points at issue got under way. They were continued till someone interrupted, requesting a word with his lordship. The apologetic and charming intruder turned out to be the Baroness Summerskill, and her business to discuss the matter which bad brought them both to the House that afternoon. It became clear that, contrary to her newspaper image, the baroness was not obsessed with the woes of the boxing fraternity, or that part of it which did not get itself out of the way quick enough, but had a sheltering wing for all kinds of underdogs. When the matter in hand had been carried as far as possible. for the time being, she departed, and the discussion


continued till Lord Niall was warned that his presence would shortly be required in the Chamber. With some formality the writer was introduced to a box-like pew, from which he could easily follow the debate, and another newspaper image was shattered: instead of the effete and generally half-dead newspaper picture of inefficiency, what be saw and heard was a brisk and animated debate dealing with clause after clause by people who were obviously experts. Soon this particular business was concluded and the experts filed out, while meantime the benches had been becoming populated with others, who soon showed themselves to be experts in the new matters in hand. When one or two points had been dealt with, the baroness rose, on the other side of the Chamber, in defence of another section of her protegees, this time the deserted wives, and attempted to improve their financial position at the expense of the errant husbands.

      Lord Drumalbyn from this side of the Chamber agreed there was some justice in what she had said, but suggested that her proposals went too far and would be difficult to carry out. But the baroness persisted and proceeded to justify her case. There were two further interchanges across the floor, but his lordship had been doing some rapid thinking and came up with a new form of wording, which secured the approval of the baroness and the Chamber. The episode ended with the baroness congratulating the noble lord on the happy form of words he had produced.

      One wonders just how many lives of deserted wives will be made more bearable, down the years to come, by that particular form of words, just how many legal quibbles will be avoided, and just how many more degrees the scales of justice will have been adjusted towards the true balance.

      All those weighty affairs of State having been satisfactorily dealt with, the London section of your Constitution committee was able to return to its deliberations in the lobby of the House, and carry its work one stage nearer the result you know, but not every clan association has had its Constitution taken right up to the House of Lords before it was settled.

Yours etc.
Hampstead, London.                                                                                                           "J.E."


      I am anxious to get in touch with any descendant of Professor Hugh Macpherson, Sub-Principal of King's College, Aberdeen, and Laird of Eigg. Professor Hugh Macpherson (1767-1854) married Christina, daughter of Professor Roderick Macleod (1727-1815) of the Talisker family, and by her had the following sons:
      1. William, a barrister, who married Diana Johnston, and had three sons and seven daughters;
      2. John, M.D., Inspector-General of Army Hospitals, who married C. M. Staples, daughter of Sir N. Staples, Bart., and had two sons;
      3. Hugh Martin, Inspector-General of Army Hospitals, unmarried;
      4. Major-General Roderick Donald, who married L. Chapman and had two sons and two daughters;
      5. Norman, Professor of Scots Law at Edinburgh University and afterwards Sheriff of Roxburghshire, who married G. G. Thomson;
      6. Sir Arthur George, K.C.S.I., Secretary of the Judicial Department of the Council of India, who married Frances Martin, and had four sons and two daughters.

      If any reader of Creag Dhubh can give me the name and address of any descendants of the sons of Professor Hugh Macpherson, I shall be most grateful.

Yours etc.

61 Learmonth Court, Edinburgh, 4.                      JAMES N. M. MACLEAN OF GLENSANDA, ygr.


Ciamar a tha sibh? Tha sinn gu math.

      I very much enjoyed the last Creag Dhubh, especially the Gaelic lesson. Man, I surely wish I had had the opportunity twenty-five years ago to get acquainted with the Old Tongue. It is hard at 79 to memorise a subject and it doesn't help to be doing it alone. However, I keep plugging along and maybe some day I will have a better grip of it.

      We have recently paid a visit to the South Seas. It was a bit long -- seven weeks -- too long to be living out of a suitcase. We flew both ways and during the trip we saw a lot of country -- good, bad and indifferent.

      A habit of mine, for a number of years back, has been to look up the name Macpherson in telephone directories wherever I may happen to be. I was truly amazed at the number of Macphersons listed in New Zealand and Australia. Five dollars from each of them would have enabled you to buy back Cluny Castle. But maybe that wouldn't be so good in these days of high taxes. Anyway, Hugh would easily have gotten his £6,000 if each one listed would dig up ten bob!

      I even saw Macphersons listed in Tahiti and Fiji!

      On my next visit to Newtonmore, I will be interested to see the new quarters for the Museum. Will the proposed Drumochter Room be big enough for a meeting-place?

      This note is a hearty thank-you for an excellent Creag, Dhubh and to wish you much luck with it in the future.

      Agus is mise le gach speis agus deagh-ghean, Bhur caraid,
                                                                                                                ADAM MACPHERSON.
R.F.D. ++ 1, Box 353, Eureka, California, U.S.A.

      In his book, The Romantic Story of the Highland Garb and the Tartan, J. G MacKay speaks of Royal honours given to Clans and makes the following statement:

"At another time a MacPherson rescued the king from a similar danger and as a distinction for the act, the king conferred upon him the privilege of blending the Royal Stewart tartan with that of the MacPherson, which can be easily distinguished in the Clan tartan."

The red Macpherson tartan certainly has a degree of resemblance to that of the Royal Stewart. Can any of your readers add any information to this?

Yours etc.
                                                                                           L. C. MACPHERSON. St. Andrews College, Aurora, Ontario.

      I will be grateful if any Member of the Clan Macpherson Association can give me information regarding my ancestors and, especially, if I can learn of any of my relatives who may still be living in Scotland.

      Three brothers, Alexander (Sandy), William and Daniel Macpherson, are all believed to have been born either in or near Dalraddy in Argyll. According to our family tradition they left Scotland as political prisoners and were deported at some date between 1715 and 1717, after the Battle of Preston.

      Any help that can be given will be very much appreciated.

Yours etc.
                                                                                 RICHARD A. GILDA, Jnr.
2338 Fensen Road, Bellingham, Washington, U.S.A.


SIR,      Thank you for the copy of Creag Dhubh for 1966. It contains two items of intense personal interest to myself.       The first is a photograph of my Uncle, Reginald George Macpherson. This is only the second photograph that I have seen of him. I have never had the pleasure of meeting him. The former photograph was of him, as a young man, dressed in running togs and was taken at the time when he achieved an International Cup for running for Scotland. I do not know over what distance.       The second is the article by Reginald on his grandfather (my great-grandfather) the Reverend James Macpherson. This gave me some information that I did not possess before. The Rev. James Macpherson had a great deal of influence in Clan affairs long before the Clan Association was thought of. He attended the funeral of "Old Cluny" and also the funerals of both Duncan and Ewen Henry Davidson Macpherson.
Yours etc.
                                                                                           A. J. MACPHERSON.
Flat 3, Jacksoms Court, Ferguson Street, Williamstown, Victoria.

      I have been interested to see that the figure in the Mclan print entitled "Macpherson" is dressed in a green doublet. I have, for as long as I remember, been taught:

Macphersons in green Should never be seen.
      I had a vague notion that this might be due to the fact that there is no green in any of our Clan tartans, although the Badenoch tartan has green in its composition.

      Can anyone, please, throw some light on this point? And has anyone knowledge of whether or not the couplet represents an old tradition?

      Can anyone, too, please give an account of the box and of the white heather which appear as the floral emblems of Clan Macpherson?

Yours etc.
                                                                                                                                  JEAN ANDERSON.
29 Farzefield Crescent, Reigrate, Surrey.

      Can some Member of the Clan please clear up a point that has always puzzled me? How does the Galleon come to be included in the Armorial Bearings of Macphersons? This vessel appears, in general, to be peculiar to those Clans that came under the influence of the Lords of the Isles yet I have never seen any reference to the fact that our Clan ever had connections in that direction. It is also shown on one quarter of the Macintosh Arms. Is there any significance?
Yours etc.
                                                                                           A. J. MACPHERSON.

      This query was referred to R. G. M. Macpherson (Canada) who is our leading authority on Macpherson heraldry. His observations follow. -- EDITOR.
      In reply to the question concerning the "Galley" in the Arms of the Chief of Clan Macpherson, I think it would be fair to say that this symbol is found in the Arms of many Scottish Chiefs, particularly in the Western Highlands, and 'quite a few of them came under the influence of the Lords of the Isles at one time or another.


Stevenson writes in Heraldry in Scotland that the galleys of Arran, Lorne, and the Isles, are symbols of the sea-power of these dominions, or, as in some cases, the feudal service at sea due for them as fiefs.

      The accounts of the origin of the Clan Macpherson by Sir Aeneas Macpherson and Mackenzie of Ardross agree that it was a branch of the Old Clanchattan and that it was originally associated with Lochaber in the Western Highlands. Frank Adam, F.S.A.SCOT., in Clans, Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands, states that the Lords of the Isles, prior to the forfeiture, were at one time followed by the Macleans, Macleods, Camerons, Clan Chattan, MacNeils, Mackinnons, Macquarries, Macfies, MacEachems, and Mackays. The majority of these Chiefs have a "black galley" in their Arms in allusion to the Arms of The Lordship of the Isles, viz., "Or, a galley Sable". While the Macpherson galley is gold and the Mackintosh galley is blue, one must admit that it is possible that the choice of this symbol was influenced by a Clanchattan connection with the Lords of the Isles. The galley certainly suggests a Western origin and rather supports the view that the ship device represents a "differenced" version of the galleys of "Lorne" or "the Isles". Leading clansmen of the 17th and 18th centuries, however, subscribed to the belief that the galley in the Macpherson Arms commemorated the voyage of the Catti tribesmen from Germany to the North of Scotland in the 1st century A.D.

      Concerning the significance of the galley in the 4th quarter of the Mackintosh Arms in relation to the Galley in the Macpherson Arms, I think that the indication here is clearly a common association with Clan Chattan.

      The Arms, of course, are the personal Arms of the Chief of the Clan. There is no such thing as a "Clan Coat of Arms" which anyone bearing the Clan surname may assume and use.



      Long years ago, and for many years thereafter, there came a steady stream of groups of people from the Western Islands of Scotland, who were mainly Catholic; and from the Highlands of Scotland, who were mainly Protestant, who settled and made their home in Cape Breton and other parts of the Maritimes. They came for a variety of reasons. Some found the proscriptions of the Forty-Five heavy to bear. Almost all suffered from the caprices of intolerant landlords. And, alas, there were some whom their own fellow-countrymen, willing to sell their souls to the Hanoverian Regime for personal and political advantage, were ready to exploit. They worked hard and in their new home they worked equally hard, but they enjoyed freedom. They owned their land; they preserved their self respect, and held the right to their own opinions in religion and politics.

     They came by a variety of means. Some as disbanded soldiers received grants of land; others came in vessels like the Hector and the Hope, or perhaps some land settlement Company led them to their future homes. However, and for whatever reason they came (these were many and varied), yet they were united in a common purpose, "to do justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with God", and to live the life denied them in the Old Country. In this endeavour it is the universal opinion that they nobly succeeded.


      Seventy-five years ago, Murdoch Alexander MacPherson, at Grand Anse, Cape Breton, opened his eyes and his ears and began to see and hear why his family left the Highlands and what they and others had accomplished in this land of strength and beauty. The virtues and sacrifices of his people became part of himself. He grew up with strong convictions in religion and politics; a sense of justice and a strong will which would not bend for the sake of expediency or compromise. By way of Dalhousie Law School, over fifty years ago he came West to Swift Current, there in the comparatively new Province of Saskatchewan to establish the fine traditions of the Scottish Highlands and Cape Breton. He made his services available without discrimination to rich and poor, and to the deserving and the undeserving, to great causes and to lesser affairs, alike to all without fear or favour. This was literally his life. I have known few lawyers who discharged this duty without discrimination. In later years he might be involved in the highly complex unravelling of freight rates and a call for help would come from someone in trouble, and he would drop everything to put on his gown and make the best plea he could. Often it might seem a waste of time and he realised that himself, but he never rejected an appeal for help.

      However in Swift Current he met and accepted another challenge which involved preserving this land from invasion and from absorption into the tyrannies that then were beginning to arise and subsequently to develop and persist to this day. With the tradition he had imbibed there was only one answer to this challenge and Murdoch Alexander MacPherson went to battle, to preserve those freedoms for which his fathers had sacrificed lest their labours should be in vain. He led the vanguard in that day and so strong were those traditions and so easily inherited that three of his sons went to war to meet a similar challenge in their day and generation, and one, Ian, sleeps in the soil of a far away land at Imphal.

      Murdoch came back from war more determined in his convictions than ever, a true and great patriot. He now exercised his talents in an ever-widening field of endeavour -- Swift Current to Regina and the Province of Saskatchewan, and later on to the whole Nation. This meant an increasing range of political and business activities. He bore the scars of war and was, as a result, somewhat frail in body, but strength of will and determination overcame the weakness of the flesh.

      He began with his comrades in the services and devoted himself to their rehabilitation and land settlement. He became Attorney-General of the Province at a time of testing; the Stock Market crash had shaken public confidence; the drought was affecting the farmer and destroying his credit. There were evidences of panic leading to insecurity and even to inhuman demands. It needed a sympathetic and understanding Attorney-General to reconcile the just claims of those who demanded their pound of flesh from those unable to pay who were yet honest.


      It is generally agreed that he acquitted himself well. It must seem, at times, a little strange that one who had shown such political acumen and ability should have been denied the wider participation at the national level, but this brief interlude in Provincial politics was his sole contribution; but there was no real loss, for the Transport Commission claimed his service in several capacities over many years, latterly as chairman. The Commission Report will always be a great source for research and a monument to its creator.

      But he must also be credited with the formation of numerous companies, great and small, such as the steel mill and many others which have advanced this predominantly agricultural Province to a notable position industrially. And it was typical of him that in the midst of all this he did occupy himself on behalf of certain citizens who were aggrieved because their sidewalks and part of their lawns and perhaps their trees were going to disappear in a street development. He lost his case but smilingly accepted defeat because one cannot hinder progress. The Murdoch of great causes was still at the service of humbler litigants with lesser pleas.

      The manner of his leaving life equalled in greatness the manner of his living life. For many months unable to speak clearly, and unable to write, a major frustration, yet he bore his suffering as a good soldier should, patiently, cheerfully, heroically. He could not speak; he could not write, but with his eyes he spoke eloquently; with his eyes he could thank you.

      I have two appreciations of Murdoch Alexander MacPherson, from entirely different sources, separated by over fifty years. The first appeared in the Dalhousie Gazette of June 1913, and must be regarded as the judgment of his contemporaries:

"Early in his life, he pledged himself to liberty and law and in the Mock Parliament, he led a party which had for their motto, 'no favor wins us or no fear shall awe'. As leader of a victorious debating team, Secretary of Sodales and Business Manager of the Gazette, he has filled a large place in the life of the University. Murdoch led his class in studies and his popularity was well testified to, when he was elected Valedictorian. No one who knows him has any doubt but that a brilliant career awaits him in the wider Canadian life."
      This may be regarded as prophetic and for the fulfilment we have the opinion in 1965 of a fellow solicitor, engaged like himself in the freight rate enquiries and counsel for a leading industrial firm:
"I hope I will be forgiven for concluding on a personal note of most sincere tribute to my very dear friend Mr. Murdo MacPherson, Q.C., who taught me much during the eight years from 1948 to 1956 when we each acted as counsel for our respective Provinces on the seemingly endless series of freight rate cases

before the Board of Transport Commissioners in Ottawa. Many of you here know Murdo MacPherson, as I do, as a warm, highly intelligent friend of complete integrity. All of you know of him through his distinguished career as a soldier, public servant, lawyer, businessman and as chairman of the MacPherson Royal Commission on Transportation. In my humble opinion, he is one of the truly great Canadians of our time."
      In 1913 "a brilliant career awaits him".

      In 1965 "one of the truly great Canadians of our time".

      Murdoch Alexander MacPherson faithfully walked in the footsteps of his fathers, and his sons and daughters have now settled in step to follow him. May his grandchildren in due time fall in step that this goodly heritage may endure.

      This eulogy was delivered in the course of Murdoch Alexander MacPherson's funeral service by the Rev. Norman D. Kennedy at the First Presbyterian Church in Regina, Sask. We are most grateful to his son, Donald K. MacPherson, for sending this moving tribute to his great father, who was a lively supporter of all that concerned his family heritage and tradition and who was nominated "Clansman of the Year" in CREAG DHUBH of 1962. -- EDITOR.


      Alexander Macpherson was a ship's Captain of Greenock in the 18th century, and the children born to him and his wife, Agnes Campbell, were all baptised there, in the Auld West Kirk. One of their sons, Peter Macpherson, founded a family of Macphersons who have added lustre and renown to the Clan name in every succeeding generation. At no time has this been more true than in the generation which has passed during the last few months.

      Campbell Macpherson, the third in descent from Alexander, was born in 1851 and was named for his mother's family, she having been born Susanna Euphemia Campbell. He married Emma Duder, one of a very old Devon family which had migrated to Newfoundland at the same time as the Macphersons. He was a man of genius who, at a very early age, was called back from what had promised to be an outstanding scholastic career. The early death of his father, however, left him at the head of his family and he shouldered all the responsibilities attaching to that position with a gallantry that was outstanding. By incredible diligence and toil he built up the great business concern of the Royal Stores, with its ramifications into every sphere of the life of Newfoundland. He was a man of enormous charity and even today, sixty years after his death, his


family is still learning of his acts of generosity, wide in their scope and performed in secrecy. He was, too, a man of very great wisdom and one of his aphorisms, passed down now to the fourth generation in his family, was "Never be a stagnant pool". This motto has served as a guide and an inspiration to all who have endeavoured to follow him.

      Campbell Macpherson and Emma Duder left four children, all born between 1879 and 1884. These were Cluny (1879), Violette (1880), Eva (1882) and Harold (1884). All have now died, passing in the reverse order of their years. All have left behind them a name and a memory not merely of love but of respect and devotion in a sphere which extends far beyond the circle of their family and their acquaintance.

Hon. Harold Macpherson
      Hon, Harold Macpherson was the youngest of the four children of Campbell Macpherson and Emma Duder. Few people outside his immediate family knew anything of a spinal illness which had affected him in early youth and which handicapped him throughout his whole life, but of which he allowed no sign to escape. As a business man he was outstanding. He was, though, of amazingly wide interests and in everything that he worked he excelled. His herd of Ayrshire cattle, on his farm of Westerland, was notable. Even more notable was his breeding of Newfoundland dogs and Howard Man, his great ice-trotting stallion, will long be remembered in the annals of that sport. Prominent in Masonic and in Rotarian circles, one of his principal interests was the furtherance of education and his work in that respect, with that of other members of his family, is commemorated in the name of Macpherson Academy in St. John's. He was one of the last surviving members of the Upper House of Newfoundland's Government, to which he had been appointed in 1930. Few men have ever been quieter, more unassuming nor more generous in every conceivable way. His death, in his 79th year, was widely mourned.

Eva Macpherson Harvey Webb Young
      Eva, the third of the family, was reputed to be the beauty of her time, and photographs and portraits of her show how well merited that repute was. Married in 1912 to Captain George Harvey Webb, she was left a widow, as a result of the German offensive of March 1918. She married again, in 1920, Dr. James Young, and for the next fifteen years she made her home in Edinburgh where, for more than a decade, her drawing-room in Manor Place was a regular rendezvous for artists and musicians from all over the world.

      She herself was of unusual artistic sensitivity, which was recognised in very early years by no less a figure than the great Josef Hollmann. She rejected an artistic career, however, and devoted her life to her family and to passing on to them something of her own love of the Arts. Her success in this has been shown by the fact that her four


children have all, under varying noms-de-plume, achieved both national and international distinction in the fields of Music, Art and Literature. Her inspiration has extended to yet another generation for, just before her death in June of this year, a grand-daughter's first novel won high acclaim.

      She died at her home, peacefully and quietly, leaving a memory of a devoted mother and of a gentle, beautiful and sensitive personality who inspired love and affection in all who knew her.

Violette Macpherson
      Violette Macpherson's passing, at the beginning of September, 1966, left a gap which will be hard to fill. She died, unmarried, in her eightysixth year, leaving behind her a memory of a life spent in complete selflessness and in devotion to others. Known throughout Newfoundland simply as "Miss Vi", she shared with her brothers and her sister in the outstanding gift of love for all whom she knew -- a love which was reciprocated by all who knew her.

      Her devotion to other peoples' welfare showed itself notably in her work, given untiringly, towards the Grenfell Mission, the Outports Nursing Association, the Red Cross and, especially, the Dorcas Society in St. John's.

      Most of all, she will be remembered for her wisdom in advice and her patient bearing of other people's troubles. She was a repository for all the lore and legends of her family in its past generations and was an indefatigable correspondent with all branches of her family, in its widest and farthest degrees. Above all we who knew her will remember her gentle, lively sense of humour and her happiness -- these and the happiness that she gave to all who met her, always and upon every occasion. Gentleness, joy in living, generosity, wisdom in counsel, patience and devotion -- all these she showed in all her life, and more too.

Cluny Macpherson
      "Doctor Cluny" died at his home in St. John's on 16th November, 1966 after a life which had been packed more full of adventure and service than can be imagined or described. His passing, after a short illness, came as a great and sad shock to all who knew him and to whom he had for many years seemed to be gifted with immortality, for he was unfailingly young in all his ways, filled with enthusiasms in which he took an almost boy-like delight, whilst his energy was unbounded and his joie de vivre was limitless.

      The "headlines" of his great distinctions have been recorded elsewhere and are well known. His pioneer work with Sir Wilfred Grenfell on the Labrador, his invention of the first effective gas respirator, his many honours -- all have been told in detail. They give an idea of the vast range of his work and of his interests. They do not, however, tell ----------------------------------------------------------------209---------------------------------------------------------------

of the man himself, of his wonderful personality, of his friendships, of his complete self-confidence, of his amazing and always effective refusal to bow to convention, his love of adventure and, less than anything, can bald accounts give an idea of his glorious sense of humour and the wonderful rolling laugh which enriched every conversation with him.

      His adventurous nature showed itself early when, as quite a young boy, he "went a-missing" from home and was eventually discovered in the course of circumnavigating Newfoundland, single-handed, in a cranky fishing boat. His determination showed itself at the same time, for he refused to give up his voyage until he had completed the journey and had sailed back through the Narrows into St. John's harbour.

      Long before most of us were born, at the turn of the century, he was pioneering with Grenfell in the Arctic waters and along the wild, inhospitable coasts of the Labrador. Still a young man he was the sole representative of the medical profession in all that vast territory. He was, moreover, Justice itself -- for he was the only J.P. and, to round things off, he was also the Law, for he was specialty sworn-in (by himself!) as the only Special Constable. The Labrador was in those days administered by the Newfoundland Government and so the North-West Mounted Police had no jurisdiction there.

      A delightful and characteristic tale of those adventurous days was told a few years ago when Doctor Cluny was being awarded an honorary degree, On this occasion the Public Orator told of how, "On one occasion, confronted by two fractious complainants, he combined with impartial efficacy his knowledge of physiology and local law, delivering both judgment and punishment by knocking their heads together!"

      He commenced the Great War in the rank of Captain, as M.O. of the 1st Newfoundland Regiment. His merits and potentialities received recognition which was unusual in those days when 'private armies' were almost unheard of. In order to allow him a free hand, the Newfoundland Medical Unit received "unofficially official" authorisation and it consisted of no more than himself, a sergeant-batman and a one-man cadre for clerical work at home in Newfoundland. With a free hand to devote himself to the work and to the fields where his talents could be best-used, Doctor Cluny saw service in Salonika, Gallipoli and in France. His principal task was to bring order into disorder, developing and extending the medical services and their administration. All this he accomplished in addition to the work which brought him world-wide fame when, engaged on measures to combat the horrors of chemical warfare, he invented the first effective respirator -- the original model for which he sewed with his own hands, using his sister Eva's sewingmachine. Through all the war, his disregard for officialdom and his refusal to pay regard to red-tape or to "the official channels" were characteristic of the man. Characteristic, too, was the fact that his complete refusal to be conventional brought immediate and effective


results. It may not have endeared him to bumbledom, but many thousands live to bless his name as a consequence.

      In the Second War he again manifested his contempt for such normal routine workings as result in inefficiency. Returning to Canada on a decrepit ship, he found himself faced with a broken-down steeringgear -- which he repaired. Then followed a second breakdown in the engine-room -- where he again took charge and supervised repairs. Finally, in disregard of marine law, he tackled the ship's captain, who was somewhat demoralised at being left alone in mid-Atlantic during the equinoctial gales, when the convoy had sailed on. Doctor Cluny ordered him off his own bridge and himself took charge, navigating the ship safely into St. John's instead of to Halifax , to which she had been destined.

        It is typical of Doctor Cluny that this story came to the writer not from him but from a third party. When asked about it, Doctor Cluny had almost forgotten about his stirring act of what was, in effect, mutiny on the high seas. What he best remembered of that voyage was that he had devised a new cure of sea-sickness, had tried it out on someone who was an extremely bad sailor -- and it had worked.

      Two months in his company, last year, were an experience that the writer will never forget and will always cherish. To listen to his tales was to have a glimpse of a world of adventure and of excitement such as we will never know again. Still more wonderful was to discover the love in which he was held by a whole community. To be "one of Doctor Cluny's babies" is a status-symbol in the Avalon Peninsula -- and some of those who introduced themselves as being in this class were not only the children but, in several cases, the grandchildren of "Doctor Cluny's babies". Coming into any company, from a family gathering to a dinner in the Regimental Mess or a meeting at Government House, the reaction to Doctor Cluny's entrance was always the same. Everyone brightened, conversation became general and his presence spread a new life all around him.

      Dr. Cluny was a proud man but, as was his nature, his pride was not in his own achievements, which seemed merely to amuse him. His pride was in the deeds of his family and of his friends. He was unsparing of himself and, even in his 87th year, thought little of flying to the farthest point of the continent to attend a meeting of the Canadian Medical Association, back to be present at a Clan gathering, thence to a family wedding and, immediately afterwards, crossing the Atlantic to visit some of his family in Britain. He continued his medical work until his very last months. He was a wonderful man in every way. The last words in this account may well be left to a notable Edinburgh writer who, in a personal letter of condolence, wrote, "We will all miss him, but we cannot mourn him -- we can only thank God for him,"


      The last tribute to Dr. Cluny was paid at Clan House when, at his own expressed desire, the old flag of the Dominion of Newfoundland was flown at half-mast. That actual flag was last flown during the Victory celebrations of 1919. It will not be flown again for it is due to be presented formally to the Premier of the Province of Newfoundland and will thereafter be laid-up in the Government Buildings in St. John's.

      All four of the Macphersons of Newfoundland were Life Members of the Association. Dr. Cluny was Honorary Vice-president of the Association and also Honorary President of the Canadian Branch. In 1957 our former Chief appointed him to be Leincochreas, or Clan Privy Councillor, with the approval of the Lord Lyon.



Pitmain writes --
      The ancient family of Pitmain has suffered sadly in the death of Mrs. Violet Beryl Fitzmaurice, in her eighty-eighth year. She was the second and elder surviving daughter of Charles Gordon Welland Macpherson, 15th of Pitmain, C.I.E., I.C.S. She and her younger sister, Edith Mabel Ivy, widow of Captain Owen Tudor, D.S.O., R.N., lived together in Folkestone.

      Mrs. Fitzmaurice was a keen Clanswoman, a Life Member of the Clan Macpherson Association and also of the Clan Chattan Association.

      She was a devoted member of her Church. During both World Wars she was indefatigable in war work and, during the second War she collected over £1,000 in aid of the Spitfire Fund. She was amazingly active to the last, and actually climbed with me to the top of Dover Castle, last year. Her sister, Mrs. Ivy Todd, is now the last of her family.


Eoin Macpherson writes --
      Ewan Duncan Macpherson, Kingussie, who died in January 1967, aged 73, was a Founder Member of the Association, which he joined in 1946. Throughout his life he was a staunch and loyal supporter of his Clan.

      He was one of the last surviving members in Kingussie of the old "F" Company, 4th Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders T.A., who served in France during the Great War. During the second World War he was a sergeant in the Laggan Company of the Home Guard.

      Ewan Duncan was a valued and outstanding member of the community, in which his interests and his activities were many. He had been a member of the British Legion Scotland from its inception and, as a young man, he was a drummer in the Kingussie Pipe Band. He was a keen supporter of the local shinty and football teams and the writer has many happy memories of days spent with the Kingussie Rifle Club when , in the early thirties, Ewan was a strong member of the team and a member of the Committee.

      The Association was represented at his funeral by Allan G. Macpherson, Hon. Vice-president.


Miss ISABEL M. MACPHERSON Clune Terrace, Newtonmore
DONALD S. McPHERSON 23 Craigmount Dr., Edinburgh
DR. THOMAS MACPHERSON 1462 Rockland Avenue, Victoria, B.C.
MRS. MINNIE D. MACPHERSON Ardfern, Largs, Ayrshire.
MRS. HELEN S. MACPHERSON Labrador, Shore Road, Inellan.
COL. JOHN McPHERSON Rathmore, St. Andrews.
Miss ANNE MACPHERSON c/o Melville & Lindsay, W.S. Edinburgh.

DUNCAN MACPHERSON, M.P.S. Glenquittel, Kyle of Lochalsh.
Miss MARGARET J. MACPHERSON Thorold, Ontario.
Miss B. G. MACPHERSON 411 Addison Ho., Grove End Road, London, NW.8.
HENRY BARTON, C.B.E. 32 Lockharton Ave., Edinburgh

      Together with the Canadian Branch, the Association extends its deep sympathy to Major Hume Macpherson, Chairman of the Canadian Branch, on the death of his wife in September, 1966.

To all their relations we offer our sympathy on behalf of the
Council and Members of The Clan Macpherson Association


       On 14th May, 1966, to Valerie and Ian D. Pearson (Hon. Piper, England and Wales Branch) of South Cottage, 8 St. Martin's Drive, Eynsford, Kent -- A DAUGHTER, MOIRA ALISON.

      On 29th January, 1967, to Dawne and Cluny Macpherson of St. John's, Newfoundland -- A DAUGHTER, SUZANNE EILEEN.

      Ian Arthur Cluny Macpherson, of Richmond, to the Honourable Sarah Conolly-Carew, of Castleton, Celbridge, Co. Kildare, Eire -- at the Church of St. Bartholomew the Great, Smithfield, on 5th March, 1966.


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