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CONTENTS
                                           
   LIST OF OFFICERS       66
   EDITORIAL       68
   TO ALL MACPHERSON CLANSMEN    69
   THE LATE CHIEF'S MESSAGE    69
   CLUNY'S ACCOUNT OF CUNY    70
   SLIOCHD IAIN -- THE MACPHERSONS OF PITMAIN    73
   FURTHER GLEANINGS FROM THE FORFEITED ESTATE PAPERS    77
   HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS COMMITTEE    88
   SOME MONUMENTS IN BADENOCH    89
   CAPTAIN JOHN MACPHERSON OF PHILADELPHIA    92
  LATE PRINCIPAL JAMES MACPHERSON    94
  THE CLAN ARMORIAL    96
   ALEXANDER FRASER MACPHERSON    98
   LET'S SPEAK GAELIC (II)   101
   LIEUTENANT MACPHERSON OF THE '45   103
   THE LOCH ARKAIG TREASURE   105
  THE CLAN MUSEUM   105
   THE CLAN RALLY 1965   107
   THE 1966 RALLY   109
   IMPRESSIONS OF THE 1965 RALLY   109
   REPORTS FROM THE BRANCHES   111
   THE EDINBURGH BRANCH OF THE CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION   117
   GATHERING OF THE CLANS -- INVERNESS 1966   118
   TWO BROTHERS   119
   ANGUS DISTINGUISHES HIMSELF AGAIN!   119
   'CLANN CHATAIN'   120
  REVIEWS   120
   LETTERS TO THE EDITOR   126
   OBITUARIES   129
   BIRTHS AND MARRIAGE   133
   INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT 1964   134
                                                                                   
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies. 7/6
                                                                                   
Contributions and all Branch Reports for the 1967 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1966.
                                                                                   
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CREAG DHUBH
                  
No. 18                                                         1966

VOLUME 3                                     NUMBER 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        THE ANNUAL OF
THE CLAN MACPHERSON
ASSOCIATION

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CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION

_____________________

The Chief
Brigadier ALAN D. MACPHERSON OF CLUNY AND BLAIRGOWRIE

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L. Senior Chieftain in the Clan
The Right Hon. LORD DRUMALBYN, P.C.
Lt.-Col. CLUNY MACPHERSON, C.M.G., M.D., F.R.C.S.
Bailie HUGH MACPHERSON, O.L.J. F.S.A. Scot
LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER, J.P.
LADY HELEN STEWART MACPHERSON, K.i.H., M.A. A. FRASER MACPHERSON, W.S..

Officers of the Association

Chairman
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON
Tigh Tiorail, 32 Crown Drive, Inverness

Vice-Chairman
LLOYD C. MACPHERSON, B.SC, M.S., in ED
St Andrew's College, Aurora, Ontario

Hon. Secretary
JOHN M. BARTON, M.A., LL.B
32 Lockharton Avenue, Edinburgh, 11

Hon. Depute Secretary and Editor of "Creag Dhubh"
Capt., the Chevalier J. HARVEY MACPHERSON, K.L.J., F.S.A. (SCOT.)
Dunmore, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire

Hon. Treasurer
KENNETH N. MCPHERSON, C.A.,
62 Strathearn Road, Edinburgh 9.

Registrar
Miss CHRISTINE MACPHERSON, M.A.,
West High Street, Kingussie

Correspondence on Association Affairs

For convenience, correspondence writing to any of the foregoing Officers of the Association regarding matters concerning the affairs of the Association may address their letters to them,by their office, to:
Clan Macpherson House and Museum, NEWTONMORE, Inverness-shire

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Branch Representatives
                       

BADENOCHEx-Provost EVAN CATTANACH, Kingussie
HAMISH MACPHERSON, Craigphadriag, Kingussie
NORTH OF SCOTLAND DUNCAN MACPHERSON, 66B Bruce Gardens, Inverness
ALASTAIR W. MACPHERSON, The Park, Lhanbryde, Morayshire
EAST OF SCOTLANDT.A.S. MACPHERSON, 42 Swanston, Avenue, Edinburgh, 13
ROBERT MACPHERSON, M.B.E. 41 Dovecot Road, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, 12.
WEST OF SCOTLAND JOHN MACPHERSON, West Dykebar farm, Paisley
EWEN MACPHERSON, Lochburn Crescent, Glasgow, N.W.
ENGLAND & WALESRONALD W. G. MACPHERSON,T.D., 29Ennismore Avenue, Guilford, Surrey London SW 1
JOHN MACPHERSON MARTIN, 85 Grove Avenue, Muswell Hill, London, N. 10
CANADAMajor HUME MACPHERSON, R.R.4., Stouffville, Ontario
R.G.M. MACPHERSON, BOX 105, Queenstown, Ontario
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill
U.S.A. Vacant

_______________

Curator. EOIN MACPHERSON, Clan House, Newtonmore
Senior PiperANGUS MACPHERSON, Inveran, Sutherland
Junior Piper DONALD MACPHERSON, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire
Hon. AuditorJAMES K. MCMURDO,
8 Featherhall Grove, Corstorphine, Edinburgh

_______________

CONTRIBUTIONS

The Council appeals to members to support the Annual by contributing articles of historical, genealogical, or topographical interest, and by forwarding news of themselves and other clanmen, honours, appointments, etc. Photographs, prints, etc., of places or people and 'Letters to the Editor' on matters of Clan interst are also welcome.

All communications should be addressed to the Editor of Creg Dhubh at Clan Macpherson House, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire.

PLEASE NOTE -- In order to meet publications dates for the current year,it is essential that all matters for publication in Creag Dhubh be received not later than 1sr December in each year.

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EDITORIAL

      The Clan's year came to a sad end, when we learned with deep sorrow of the death of Francis Cameron Macpherson of Cluny, our XXVth Chief. our sadness was the more acute because the loss took place so soon after his succession and when hopes were so high. A full account of Cameron's Iife appears elsewhere in Creag Dhubh, but we feel that we must again, here, express the deep sympathy that all the Association, indeed all the Clan, feel for his widow, Elsa, Lady Cluny, and for the surviving members of their family. To meet Cameron, even casually as at a Clan Rally, was to fall immediately under the spell of his gentle firmness. Few of us were privileged to know him closely, but all who did so unite in their love and devotion to a man who would certainly have ranked amongst the great Chiefs in a noble line.

      We send, too, our very deep sympathy to the widow and family of our XXIVth Chief, Ewen George Macpherson of Cluny, who died after a long illness in Australia. He was , through no fault of his own, but by reason of distance and other circumstances, "the Chief whom the Clan knew not" -- but we remember with gratitude his constantly expressed interest in all matters that concerned the Clan which he could never lead in person.

      Some small changes will be observed in this year's Creag Dhubh. Most important, perhaps, is the fact that the pages are numbered consecutively from our issue of 1965, thus forming the basis upon which we intend to build a complete volume, to simplify binding and ultimate indexing. Advertising pages, being ephemeral, are not numbered amongst the pages of text. This innovation, approved by the Council, will, it is hoped, be welcome to the Association.

      The production of Creag Dhubh is an all-the-year-round task and preparation for next year's Journal has already begun whilst this year's magazine is with the printer. We hope, in 1967, to include a further instalment of Pitmain's account of his Sliochd and we can be sure that the Clan's historians will not let the year pass without adding more to our knowledge of our role in history. We hope, too, to be able to include an account of the Tait MacKenzie Memorial in Ontario -- this will be of great interest to all those who knew and admire his great sculpture of the Scottish-American War Memorial, "The Call" which stands nobly in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh. A short while back we mentioned the Allan Macpherson House at Napanee. We have now a fuller account of this, which will be published for the Clan as soon as possible. We hope to continue the series of lessons on Gaelic conversation -- this will certainly be done if the response remains as enthusiastic as it has been in the past two years since it began.

      Rumours have reached us of a Macpherson who was a notable bushranger in Australia. We will welcome any information that members may be able to find for us concerning him, for he seems to have been both eccentric and chivalrous -- a rare combination in his "trade".

[Edna Macphersson Sabato contributed an article on James McPHERSON, the Bushranger known as "The Wild Scotchman", which was printed in the 1994 Edition. ]

      Can anyone, too, find information regarding a Macpherson who was a close confederate of Simon Bolivar, the Liberator, in South America?       One other article which, this year, is held over for lack of time and space will by one which deals with the Editorial Policy of Creag Dhubh. This will follow the article "Contributing to Creag Dhubh" which we printed last year. It will be approved by the Council, and we trust will give clear expression to our aims and intentions in all matters relating to the Association's Journal.       In a final note we feel that we must make reference to the only criticism that we received during the past year. This came from a member resident in the United States who has asked that we keep his anonymity. His principal theme was that Badenoch is dead and that more emphasis should be given in our pages to the work Macphersons, spread all over the world today. We hope that his criticisms will be answered in full in the course of next year's "Policy" article. We must, however, point out (as we have done already in a personal letter) that it is not possible for 'a publish accounts of people of whom we have never heard, so that it is "up to him no less to others who may feel the same as he does, to put us in the picture.

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TO ALL MACPHERSON CLANSMEN
A Message from Brigadier ALAN MACPHERSON OF CLUNY, D.S.O., M.C.,
Twenty-sixth Chief of Macpherson

      We all deplore and mourn the sad loss of our Chief after so short a tenure of office. I, personally, would like to send a message of deep sympathy to his wife and to his three daughters, whom I had the pleasure of meeting at Newtonmore last August.

      The position of Chief of a Clan, and particularly that of Clan Macpherson, is one of which any man would be proud. I feel that I am an unworthy successor to the long line of eminent men who have held this post and who have brought such glory and distinction to our historic name. I will do my best, however, never to fail either those who have gone before or you who now look to me as your Chief. I know that the warm hearts and the great loyalty of all Macpherson Clansmen and Clanswomen, all over the world, will be with me in my efforts. This knowledge gives me great encouragement.

      My wife and I will be delighted to welcome any of the Clan who should care to visit us in Blairgowrie, at our house which is nearly four centuries old and a Macpherson home since 1789.

                                                                                                     ALAN MACPHERSON OF CLUNY.

______________________________________________

THE LATE CHIEFS MESSAGE

                                                                                                     THREE GATES
                                                                                                     MORETON MORRELL
                                                                                                     WARWtCKSHIRE
                                                                                                     MORETON MORRELL 221

      I would like to offer all Clansmen my friendship and to wish them all the best of luck.

      I am very proud of my position as your Chief and will do my utmost to further the interests of the Clan, with all its history and great traditions.

      I hope, with my family, to attend the Rally this year, which will give me the opportunity to meet as many Clansmen as possible.

 

                                                                           (signed -- Cluny)

 

______________________________________________

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CLUNY'S ACCOUNT OF CLUNY
[A Short History of the Blairgowrie Branch]

During the course of correspondence and several telephone conversations, the Editor asked the Chief if he would please provide some autobiographical notes for publication in the Journal. The following letter was received, with the request that it be "edited". We feel that it is far too interesting and amusing to be re-written in any way. Our only comment is that the Chief is too modest about his own achievements. We did, in fact, ask him to give some details of his D.S.O. and Military Cross, but were shrugged off with, "Oh, there's nothing in those! They came automatically to anyone who was lucky enough to survive!" Of course there is much more to it than that. Perhaps someday we may get the true account . . .

Dear Chevalier Macpherson,
      Many thanks for your letter and telephone message, which were much appreciated. I will send you the abridged autobiography for which you asked -- I hope that you will edit it and that if anyone is bored by reading it they will blame you, not me!

      Somebody said to me the other day, "Macphersons at Blairgowrie! How come?" -- I shall explain that in due course. No doubt the original intention of those who inhabited our house here was to keep out the wild Highlandmen from Glenshee and Strathardle. Now, of course the situation is reversed.

      My great-great-great grandfather was William, the Purser or Treasurer of the Clan. He lived within a few miles of Garva Mor and was a nephew of Lachlan of Nuid who succeeded to the Chiefship in 1722 when his cousin, Duncan of Cluny, died without male issue. William was therefore a first cousin of Ewan of the '45.

      In 1746, William was killed at the Battle of Falkirk, his son Allan being seven years old at the time. One of Allan's first memories was that of throwing stones at the Hanoverian troops who were burning Cluny Castle. He was educated at Ruthven, as was also his cousin James, the translator of Ossian, who was four years older. An account of Allan's life and that of his brother is given in my father's book, Soldiering in India.

      Briefly, since the family fortunes were at a low ebb, Allan enlisted in the 42nd Highlanders, the Black Watch, and went with them to AmerIca; he was present at Ticonderoga, and subsequently served in the West Indies at the time of the surrender of Havana. As a matter of some interest, when in 1762 the battalion returned to the United Kingdom and landed at Bristol, they were still wearing pigtails, and the inhabitants were doubtful whether they were friend or foe!

      In 1764 Allan went to India as an Ensign in the service of the Honourable East India Company, spending twenty-five years there, and eventually rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and Quartermaster General. On retirement he commissioned his cousin, James ("Ossian"), to buy an estate for him in Inverness-shire. James bought the estates of Raitt and Phoness, afterwards known as Balavil estate -- but he liked it so much that he kept it for himself. He finally bought Blairgowrie for Allan (hinc illae lacrimae!) the vendor being Thomas Graham of

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Balgowan, later Lord Lynedoch, to whom James had been tutor. Allan was Colonel of Perthshire Volunteers from 1798 was Colonel of the 1st Battalion to 1805, retiring when Napoleon's threat of invasion no longer seemed imminent. He died in 1816.       His son, William, was born in 1784 and as a young man he went to Berbice as a planter. Later he left for Australia, and held the post of Clerk to the Legislative Council of New South Wales.

      His son, Allan, was born at Blairgowrie in 1818. As a young man he ran sheep and cattle stations in New South Wales and in Queensland. He also represented Central Cumberland in Parliament. His picture appears in several old numbers of The Sydney Punch, in fighting trim. From 1869 until the year of his death in 1891, he lived at Blairgowrie, and it was he who prepared the "tree" which now hangs in the Clan House at Newtonmore.

[The genealogical chart that is located at Panel 107 on the west wall of the Museum. The portrait of his son, William, father of the author of this article, is located next to it at Panel 106.]

      My own father [William Charles] had a distinguished career in the Indian Civil Service. He was decorated with the C.S.I., and I am quite sure that it ought to have been a "K". On his retirement, in 1911, he lived in Blairgowrie and, like his father (my grandfather) did much for the town in many ways.

      My own soldiering career started -- believe it or not -- in 1901. In that year I became a cadet in my school battalion of the Hampshire Regiment, wearing a very tight red tunic and very proud of it! After passing the exam for Woolwich (by some oversight of the examiners) I served until 1914 in the Royal Field Artillery at various home stations including Ireland which, at that time, was a very good place indeed. Then to India and, with the Lahore Division, to France.

      At the end of the Great War I was lucky enough to find myself more or less "unscarthed" (as my sergeant-major put it) except for punctures in the legs, with no bones broken. Then followed more peacetime soldiering, during which my activities included the formation of the Clan Chattan Association -- or rather with helping to form it, acting as Secretary of the Committee.

      In 1919 1 went on a "Cook's Tour" to Waziristan and there won a medal --- much to the wrath of a cousin who had borne the burden and the heat of the day there. After that home again -- where I got married and lived happily ever after.

      I was in India from 1922 to 1924, commanding a battery from which I went first to a Gunnery Course and then to be Gunnery Instructor at Malta and Abassia. Afterwards I commanded a regiment at Singapore, but luckily for me I left that place before the war began.

      In 1939 I was to have been B.R.A., Scottish Command, but quite rightly they would not change horses crossing a stream, so my first job during the war was to command the land defences in Orkney. There were only two six-inch guns at Stromness with two six-inch and a 4.7 on Flotta, so my task at first was not very arduous and I had time for trout fishing on Stennes Loch. My next assignment was to command

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an A.A. Brigade (Headquarters, Edinburgh) and then back to India as B.R.A., Eastern Command.

      The Second World War came about ten years too late for me, so I only managed to defer my first bowler hat until the end of '42, suffering some ill-health at the time. Then I entered the Home Guard as a Training Officer. At long last I was able to wear a bonnet instead of a "cheese-cutter" and became a humble member of the Highland Division, the battalion commander being a very old friend -- I mean a friend of very long standing! Next I had a difficult time with a Cadet Battalion where every boy wanted to be a piper instead of aiming at his 'Cert. A'. Finally I came back as a Second-Lieutenant into the Home Guard, when it was resuscitated in 1953, but the very next year brought me a bar to my bowler and I reverted to the rank of raspberry-grower, for which Army training had well qualified me.

      Perthshire is a lovely county and I have many good friends here; but all the same I sometimes wish that James had not kept Balavil!

      I must admit that I have only a smattering of Gaelic. Following in the footsteps of James, I have studied the old songs and speech of the countryside. But, alas, only in the Doric. I still hope to learn enough Gaelic to take an intelligent part in the Clan ceilidhean at any rate. I cannot claim to be a piper, although I used to play on the pipes until grinders ceased to hold the mouthpiece and my family could no longer pretend to put up with my amateur efforts.

      Amongst my other activities have been shooting, but I had to give that up when eyesight failed and my kind hosts could no longer tolerate my incompetence; fishing, to which I am still devoted; golf, with a very long handicap, and I'm afraid that I irritate my friends by writing doggerel verse.

      My son, William Alan, will one day fill my boots. At present he is a barrister in London. He has just finished his term of command of a Territorial Regiment of Paratroops and, having captained the London-Scottish XV, he is now their secretary. Although not up to the standard of G.P.S. -- who was, of course, the most brilliant rugger player of all that brilliant family of Newtonmore Macphersons -- Bill is still, I am told, a hooker of repute . . . even now. He is married and has a son named Alan Thomas, whom the family refer to as "The Mighty AToM" or "ATM Bomb", for at three months old he weighs twice as much as his sister did at that same advanced age. I hope he will follow in his father's footsteps on the playing field.

      Of my two daughters, the elder, Catriona, is married to Jack Scott Miller, who is well-known in Newtonmore where for three years he commanded the local Company of the Cameron Highlanders. We have three charming Sheilas in the family, and Bill's wife is one of them.

      Finally, I want again to repeat the invitation that I have extended in my "Message" -- we will be very glad indeed to welcome our Clansfolk at Blairgowrie, at any time. I only ask that anyone coming will, please, give

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some advance notice by postcard or telephone, so that I may be sure of being on the spot to greet him (or, of course, her!).

      Now, at the very beginning of the new year, I raise my glass to all Macphersons everywhere, and wish them in our old language, "Slainte mhor! A h-uile latha a chi 's nach fhaic! Buaidh agus piseach oirbh!" (Fine Health! Here's to every day we see, and to every day we don't see (each other)! Prowess and success to you!).

Yours sincerely,
                                                                                                      ALAN MACPHERSON OF CLUNY.
____________

SLIOCHD IAIN -- THE MACPHERSONS OF PITMAIN
by Lt. Colonel ALEXANDER KILGOUR MACPHERSON, M.V.O.
16th of Pitmain and Senior Chieftain in Clan Macpherson

      This short account of the Sliochd Iain has been written primarily for the benefit of my own immediate family and for that of my brother, who is my heir, together with his and my own grandchildren. A second reason for writing it is due to the Editor of Creag Dhubh, who pointed out that we have no written account of this Second Branch of the Clan and who asked that one might be provided for record in the Clan Journal. Hence it is hoped that this outline may prove of interest to the Clan as a whole.

      The records of long-past generations in any detail are unfortunately scanty in any Highland family. In times gone by it was the Bard and the Seannachaidh who, in song and story, handed down to the rising generations the tales of their forbears' deeds and prowess. This was done during the ceilidhean which occupied the long winter evenings. Our race has been scattered to the four quarters of the earth, ever since the latter half of the 18th century. It behoves those of us who can do so to put on record what we know, so that the long history of our Clan and its families may not be for ever lost but may be preserved for posterity. I have, therefore, given fairly full accounts of the last three or four generations of my family, as being of more immediate interest to the present generation.

      The Macphersons are known as "a Right Clan", i.e., the great majority was in fact kin to the Chief or Chieftains. An actual blood relationship existed and could be traced. Even today, scattered and fragmented as we are, it is surprising and gratifying to discover many of one's long-lost kindred and cousins to the Nth degree. So we bridge the years, the oceans and the continents. The family which once had its home bounded by the 30-odd miles of Badenoch is now over the whole earth. It flourishes and maintains a uniting and a beneficial influence. Surely this last is no mean contribution to distracted age.

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      I commence my account with the general background of the Clan and its most probable origin. I touch only lightly on the relations with our great brother, the Clan Mackintosh. This is the framework into which our particular history of the Second Branch fits, and without which it could not properly be understood. Many mutually-opposing theories of our Clan's origin have been advanced. I have set forth that which I believe to be the most likely. From fairly wide study of the remote period in question, I am reasonably confident that it is the most probable solution.

The Clan's Roots and Origin
      We begin with a Saint. Saint Catan of the early Celtic Church, who lived in Bute in the 6th century, was venerated throughout Lorne. The Priory of Ardchattan, on Loch Etive, was consecrated to his honour and was under the authority and protection of the Saint's family and their descendents. This was possible under the organisation which was peculiar to the Celtic Church, which was organised on a patriarchal system which was much the same as that on which the Clan itself was organised. The clergy were free to marry (the only celibates were the monks) and, as in no other Church, bishops came under the authority of abbots. St. Catan's descendents were known as Catanaich ("Catan ones") and, by the beginning of the 12th century they had spread into Lochaber, to Glenroy and Loch Arkaig, west of the Great Glen between the River Garry and Loch Eil.

      About the year 1100, the Chief of the Clan Chattan was Gilliechattan Mor -- that is, "The Great Servant of St. Catan". The seventh generation from him was Eva, who was an only child. In 1291 Eva married Angus, the sixth in descent from Shaw Macduff, son of the third Thane or Earl of Fife. From his father's title, this Shaw had adopted the name of Mackintosh, meaning "Son of the Thane" or "Son of the Leader". In 1163 he, with the King, suppressed a rebellion in Moray. For this he was rewarded with land in Strathdearn and, later in 1236, the family procured a lease of Rothiemurchus. In 1265 they went there to live. The reason for this move may be described briefly.

      Angus, 6th Chief of Clan Mackintosh, who married Eva of Clan Chattan, had been brought up by his uncle, Alexander of Isla, whose lands marched with Lochaber, the home of Clan Chattan. When Alexander died he was succeeded by another uncle, Angus Og. This latter had hoped that Eva would have married into his own family, thereby uniting Lochaber with his lands of Isla. When he was baulked of this, he made things so unpleasant for Angus and Eva that they felt it prudent to migrate from Lochaber into Rothiemurchus in Badenoch, where Angus' family had settled some years previously.

Clan Chattan comes to Badenoch
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have gone on a Crusade) had been made the Parson of Kingussie and had become the Fourth Chief of Clan Chattan. Thus the Chattan Chief's family became settled partly in Badenoch whilst part remained in Lochaber, for Muriach's eldest son, Gilliechattan III, and his grandson, Dougal Dall, Sixth Chief and father of Eva, both remained there.

      Although Eva's departure removed the last of the family of the late Chief, numbers of Clan Chattan still remained in Lochaber. Notable amongst these was the Third Branch of the Clan -- later to be known as the Invereshie Branch, which held the lands of Letirfinlay in Lochaber until after the Battle of Inverlochy in 1431. They suffered badly in that battle and then migrated to Rimore in Badenoch, more than a century after Eva and Mackintosh had quitted Lochaber. Muriach's other sons appear to have remained near Kingussie. They never returned to Lochaber from the time of Muriach, Parson of Kingussie.

What's in a Name?
      Muriach the Parson married the daughter of the Thane of Cawdor. His second son, Ewan Ban, was the first to be called Macpherson, i.e. "Son of the Parson". Macpherson is thus an occupational name, the true name, of course, being Cattanach. Still further to confuse the nomenclature was the tendency to refer to Muriach's progeny as "Mac Mhuriach" meaning Sons of Muriach.

      What's in a name? A great deal in this case! For here we have the Cattanachs in Kingussie adopting the alias of MacMhurich, at first probably to distinguish themselves from their Cattanach kinsfolk who still lived in Lochaber. Then, when the Clan as a whole moved into Badenoch, they adopted the name of "Sons of the Parson", their Fourth Chief and the first to have lived in Kingussie. However, a few retained the ancient name of the race -- and still continue to do so -- for all Macphersons are, really Cattanachs.

      Thus we have the old Clan Chattan settling in Badenoch in the 13th to the 15th centuries, at first around Kingussie. At the same time a remnant, accompanying Eva and her Mackintosh Chief, finally founded their home in the Barony of Moy, far from the paternal Clan.

      In the course of time many of Eva's following became absorbed into the more numerous Mackintosh Clan, whilst some were even forced to assume the name of Mackintosh.

Clan Macpherson and the Three Brothers
      The Clan Chattan, or Macpherson, finally settled in Badenoch, was henceforth also known as the Tribe of the Three Brothers. These three were the sons of Ewan, Fifth Chief, and broadly speaking every Macpherson in the world is descended from one or other of them. These three were sons of Ewan, the second son of Muriach, brother of Gilliechattan III and, as stated above, the Fifth Chief. They were (1) Kenneth, from whom is descended the family of Cluny; (2) John, ancestor of Pitmain; and (3) Gillies, ancestor of Invereshie.

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      Kenneth's family, and those akin to him, occupied roughly the western part of Badenoch, comprised in the Cluny Estates from Loch Laggan to the area of modern Newtonmore. John and his kin settled from Newtonmore and the Monadh Liath Mountains to Kincraig, mostly north of the Spey. Gillies took the lands south of the Spey from the parts around Phoness to Glen Feshie. There were, of course, no hard and fast boundaries between the three paternal areas. Cluny had families kin to him scattered about the other two areas, e.g. Nuide, south of the Spey. Pitmain likewise, e.g. Strathmashie, in the midst of the Cluny lands. Invereshie was, apparently, the most concentrated, south of the river, although impinging upon their neighbours, the Grants, in the east. They having been the last to leave Lochaber to join up with their brethren in Badenoch.

"Captains of Clan Chattan"
      On the death of Gilliechattan's only son, Dougal Dall (Sixth Chief), Kenneth, his first-cousin and next heir-male, succeeded as Seventh Chief. This occurred because, as we have seen, Dougal's only child had been Eva -- and she had married the Chief of another Clan and had left her paternal Clan.

      Eva's descendents, in the name of Mackintosh, were styled "Captain of Clan Chattan". This title is first recorded on 4th October, 1442, in a charter granted by Alexander de Setun, Lord of Gordon. It is used also in a charter of John of the Isles, later confirmed by James III and Queen Mary. This charter is dated 1466 and styles the Laird of Mackintosh as Captain of Clan Chattan. These two are the oldest deeds extant on the subject, and the last is nearly 300 years after Eva's marriage.

     The title of Captain, needless to say, is an over-all military one. It is certainly not synonymous with the title of Chief or Father of a Clan.

Old Badenoch and Pitmain
      With the Clan's arrival in Badenoch let us take a quick glance at the district as it then was. It was not as it is today. For the most part the hills and moors were forest covered up to about 1,500 to 2,000 feet. An oak and birch forest stretched from Aviemore to about Lynchat. As its name implies, Kingussie was at the head of a great pine forest. Likewise the hills and moors around Feshie, Glen Tromie and away to Drumochter were tree-covered. In the Monadh Liath the boles and trunks of mighty trees have been unearthed by the peat-diggers.

      Herds of wild cattle roamed the forests, of a much bigger breed than our modem Highland cattle, as is shown by the size of the horns that have been recovered. One such pair was preserved in Cluny Castle and is now in the Clan Museum. Wolves and wild boar were plentiful together with, of course, the wild cat.

      Much of the forest remained until the time of Mary, Queen of Scots. So the Forestry Commission is probably, unconsciously doing its best to give us back a bit of our 'old look'.

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      The actual strath of the River Spey was unfit for habitation, being boggy and frequently flooded. Hence settlements occurred on the lands bordering the strath, above the flood level. Indeed the name Badenoch signifies 'the drowned land'. The advent of the Hydro-Electric undertakings has tended to reduce the flood waters by diverting part of the flow of the Spey to the Aluminium Works at Fort William.

      Now to turn to that part of Badenoch which goes under the name of Pitmain. The name itself is half Pictish and half Gaelic in derivation, Pitmeadhan, meaning Middle Place or Middle Township, derives from 'Pit', which is a Pictish word and means Place, Dwelling-place or Township, being equivalent to the Gaelic Baile. The term is common throughout central and eastern Scotland. With its origin in Pictish times, the name Pitmain obviously antedates the arrival of the Macphersons.

      The actual site of the original settlement of Pitmain is about one mile west of Kingussie, on the north side of the modern main road to Newtonmore.

      Historically the site is extremely old, for it was just to the west of the present Pitmain Farmhouse that the Romans, under Severus in 208 A.D., set up a camp of a transitory nature during the passage of the Vlth Legion through the wild territory occupied by the warlike Caledonian tribes. Traces of this camp could still be seen into quite modern times and certain articles, such as jars and pottery, were found there.

      Another link with the distant past, some three or four centuries after the passage of the Legion, was a lonely grave which was said to be that of one of the Fingalian heroes. This was situated not far from where the track from the main road now leads up to Pitmain Farm. It, too, has been lost although its whereabouts were still pointed out in the early 19th century.

      Yet a further link with a much more recent past is the Toman Bean Bochd, the Grave of the Poor Women -- two of them, who both received the burial accorded to witches. The actual site was on the old road to Pitmain, now leading to the West Terrace.

(To be continued)

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FURTHER GLEANINGS from the FORFEITED ESTATES PAPERS
by A. FRASER MACPHERSON

      These further Gleanings from the Forfeited Estates Papers relative to Cluny have been selected with a view to clearing up the dealings between the Estate Tenants and the Government's Commissioners (at first the Barons of Exchequer) regarding the payment of rents subsequent to the Forfeiture following the Attainder of the Chief in 1746. There is a general impression that the Cluny Tenants paid rent twice

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(to their Chief and to the Government, the latter, as a result of the Forfeiture, being legally entitled to collect the rents from the occupiers of the land).

      The Accounts of the Factors appointed by the Government Commissioners have been examined and show that the rents for the years subsequent to 1751 were duly paid to them by the Tenants except in certain cases of default from normal financial difficulties. The position as regards the rents for the years following the Forfeiture and prior to 1751 appears from the following Petition lodged by the Tenants with the Commissioners on 21st February 1757. It will be seen that the Tenants continued to pay their rents to Martinmas (11th November) 1751 to Lady Cluny and that there was a competition in claims for the Estate between the Commissioners under the Decree of Forfeiture and the Duke of Gordon, the Superior, from whom Cluny held the Estate in feu and who claimed that on the Attainder of his Vassal the feu reverted to him. This claim was actually upheld by the Court of Session, but appeal was made against the decision and the Crown seems ultimately to have settled the matter by a compromise and to have purchased the Duke of Gordon's rights as Superior. This left the dispute about the rents to be settled between the Crown and the Tenants. It is interesting to note that the latter state in their Petition that they were not "out" in the Rising. Also that many of the young men had joined the old 78th Fraser's Highlanders raised by Lady Cluny's brother, the heir of Lord Lovat, in 1757.

      The following is a copy of the Petition as appears in the Records:

PETITION A

                                                                                                     Feb. 21, 1757.       Unto the Right Honourable, The Lord Chief Baron, and remanent Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer in Scotland,
     The humble PETITION of Paul Macpherson in Kylarchiln, John Catanach there, Peter Macpherson in the Mains of Cluny, William Macpherson there, Donald Macpherson in Breakachie, Malcolm Macpherson in Miltoun of Clunie, Donald Macgillogue there, John Mackay in Cluny, Samuel Macpherson Smith there, Benjamin Macgillivray there, Lanchlane Macpherson there, Donald Macgillivray there, Katharine Macintosh there, Murdoch Macpherson in the Aird of Cluny, Thomas Robertson in Cluny, James Lesly there, Peter Lesly there, Duncan Bain Robertson there, Angus Bain Robertson there, Donald Macpherson in Balidbeg, Elspet Macpherson Relict of, and as representing the deceast John Macpherson in Balidbeg, Murdoch Macpherson there, John Macpherson in Baildmore, John Macpherson in Catlage, John Macpherson in Tyanrick, James Macpherson there, Katharine Macpherson in Midtoun of Gaskinloan, John Macdonald in Drumgaskinloan, Lauchlan Macpherson there, John Macpherson Weaver there, Duncan Macdonald in Midtoun of Gaskinloan, Angus Macdonald there, Thomas Macpherson in Drumgaskinloan, Andrew Clark in Midtoun of Drumgaskinloan, John Macdonald there, James Macpherson there, Evan Macpherson in Laggan, Donald Macpherson in Drumaninack, Donald Kennedy there, Alexander Guthry in Nodbeg, William Macpherson there, Janet Ratray there, and John Macpherson in Millhouse, all Tenants and Possessors of Parts of the Lands and Estate of Cluny, forfeited to the Crown by the Attainder of Evan Macpherson late of Cluny,       Sheweth,

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      THAT Evan Macpherson of Cluny having, in the Year 1745, obtained a Commission from his Majesty, appointing him a Captain in the Regiment then commanded by the Right Honourable the Earl of Loudon, did, upon the 2d of July of that Year, grant a Factory and Commission to his Wife, Mrs. Janet Fraser, Sister to Simon Fraser, Esq.; Lieutenant Colonel of a Regiment now levying in the Highlands of Scotland, to uplift, receive and discharge all Rents due out of his Estate, and which Commission proceeds upon the Narrative of his being called by his Duty from Home, and thereby unable to attend to his private Affairs.

      That the said Evan Macpherson being instigated by bad Advice, did return the Commission he had received from the King, and did join in the unnatural Rebellion, which sprung up in this Country in the Autumn 1745; in consequence of which, he was, with others, attainted by an Act of Parliament in the 17th Year of his present Majesty.

      The Petitioners, who are illiterate Country People, knowing nothing of the legal Effect of such Attainder, and believing Mrs. Macpherson to have a just Title by her Factory to uplift their Rents, did pay them to her, and received Discharges thereof.

      That in the year 1748, your Lordships having ordered the Estate of Cluny to be surveyed, we were called upon by the Persons imployed in that Service, to give up a just Account of the Rents payable by each of us; and, upon which Occasion, Appearance was made on Behalf of his Grace the Duke of Gordon, for whom it was represented, That as Superior of the Estate of Cluny, he came to have a Right to the Rents thereof, upon the Attainder of Evan Macpherson, and for which he had taken Decreet against your Petitioners.

      That for some Years the Petitioners heard no more of this Matter; Mrs. Macpherson was allowed to continue in the Possession of the Houses and whole Lands her Husband had formerly been in the natural Possession of; and as she proceeded to repair and rebuild some Houses upon her Farm that had been burnt or destroyed in the Year 1745, so the Petitioners had Reason to believe that it was meant both by the Crown, and the Duke of Gordon, that she should continue to uplift the Rents, and as she made pressing Demands upon the Petitioners for Payment of their Rents, and that they observed her in very deplorable Circumstances, and that she continued to importune them, so they made Payment of the Rents to her from time to time as they became due, she giving Allowances to the Petitioners of the Expence they had been put to in repairing or rebuilding their Houses, which had been hurt or destroyed, either by the Injuries of Time, or during the Rebellion.

      The Petitioners have been informed, that the Duke of Gordon having entered his Claim to the Estate of Cluny, as Superior, before the Court of Session, he did obtain a Decree of that Court, sustaining his Claim and Right to the Estate; but against which Decree an Appeal has been lodged on behalf of his Majesty, some Years ago; yet no Step has been taken to have the same heard or discussed.

      That in the Year 1752, and no sooner, William Ramsay, Factor appointed by your Lordships upon the Estate of Cluny, brought an Action against the Petitioners and the said Mrs. Macpherson, before the Sheriff of Inverness, concluding for Payment of the Rents of the Petitioners, their respective Possessions, from the Time of Evan Macpherson's Attainder down till Martinmas 1751, and he accordingly obtained a Decree, not only decerning the Petitioners, and the said Mrs. Macpherson, so far as she had intromitted, to pay these Rents, but also prohibiting and discharging her from uplifting or intromitting with any Part of them in Time coming.

      That in Obedience to this Decree, the Petitioners stopt in making any further Payments to Mrs. Macpherson, but have regularly paid the Rents becoming due since Martinmas 1751, to the Factors appointed for collecting and receiving their Rents; but the Rents due preceeding Martinmas 1751, were all uplifted and discharged by the said Mrs. Macpherson. And,

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      The Petitioners are informed, that Mrs. Macpherson being called upon to account for these Rents uplifted by her, she has exhibited before your Lordships certain Accounts of her Intromissions and Debursements as to these Rents; but what has been done thereupon, your Petitioners have not had Access to know.

      That James Small, the present Factor upon the Estate of Cluny, having raised a Horning upon the above mentioned Decreet, and caused lately charge your Petitioners for Payment of the Rents preceeding Martinmas 1751, he is now, in prosecution of his Office, to imprison our Persons, or poind our Effects, unless we again make Payment of these Rents to him, which we had formerly paid to Mrs. Macpherson, in the Manner above set forth.

      That the Petitioners are at no time able, or in Condition to pay, at once, so large a Sum as the Six Years Rents contained in the said Decreet, do amount to; and least of all can it be expected of them, in the present calamitous Situation the Country is in, they having scarcely wherewithal to support themselves and their Families.

      That if Diligence was to be carried into Execution either against their Persons or Effects, the only Consequence, as Things stand at present, Would be the laying the Estate waste, and the exposing the Petitioners, with their Wives and Families, to the Miseries of Famine.

      That, in these Circumstances, they have been advised to lay their Case before your Lordships, whose known Humanity and Compassion are the Sources from whence they are most likely to obtain Relief.

      And, in the first Place, your Lordships will please observe, that it was very natural for your Petitioners, who are altogether unacquainted with the Effects of Attainders, or Nature of Surveys, to pay their Rents to Mrs. Macpherson, who originally was vested with a lawful Authority for receiving them, and who, notwithstanding of either the Forfeiture of her Husband, or the surveying of his Estate, was allowed to continue not only in the natural Possession of a Farm of the Estate, but to build and repair the Houses thereon, in the same Manner as might have been expected of a Person vested with a lawful Authority for managing of the Estate, and to which Purposes Part of the Money received from the Petitioners was applied.

      2do, Your Lordships will observe, that how soon the Petitioners were interpelled by the Sheriff's Decreet from paying further to Mrs. Macpherson, they immediately stopt, and since Martinmas 1751, have paid their Rents to the Factors appointed for receiving them; and therefore, it is hoped the honourable Court will not believe that their paying their Rents formerly to Mrs. Macpherson, was owing to any other Cause than to their Belief that she had a Title to receive them, joined to her constant Importunity, since no Person, either on Behalf of the Crown or the Duke of Gordon, interpelled her from receiving, nor the Petitioners from paying, nor made any Demand upon them for these Rents, prior to the 1752. And,

      3tio, It will be particularly attended to, that the distressing the Petitioners for Payment of these Rents, would be a very great Hardship; for as the Duke of Gordon's Claim to the Property of the Estate of Cluny, has been sustained by the Court of Session, the Right to the Rents is thereby vested in him, and although it may be true that the Effect of the Judgment of the Court of Session is suspended by an Appeal being lodged, yet the Presumption is, that the Decree will rather be affirmed as reversed. And if the first, then the Petitioners are not only intitled to an Allowance from the Duke of Gordon of two Years Rents of their Possession, agreeable to Act 20th, anno primo Georgii primi, but they would be entitled in Law to plead in Defence against Payment of the other Rents to him, that he had not exerced his Right in due Time, but having allowed a Person once vested with a lawful Authority to uplift these Rents, he could only sue that Person for Payment of such.... That his Forbearance must be interpreted a Homologation or Approbation of what Mrs. Macpherson did; and therefore no Action competent against them for what Money she received.

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      So that to levy these Rents from the Petitioners at present, (were they truly able to pay them) and thereby to cut them out of their Defences against Payment in the Event of the Decree of the Court of Session in favours of the Duke of Gordon being affirmed, or the Appeal dropt from, must appear to be such a Hardship as your Lordships will always be disposed to prevent.

      But even supposing the Decree of the Court of Session was to be reversed, or that the Duke of Gordon's Claim was to be taken away by Compromise, (to which some Steps, it is believed has been taken) and Satisfaction otherwise given to him for it, so that the Estate of Cluny should become the Property of the Crown, yet,

      In the first Case supposed, it will be observed, that the Petitioners will be entitled to a Deduction of such Sums, as they have necessarily expended, in the Building or Reparation of their Houses, or so far as their Money paid to Mrs. Macpherson, has been applied to these Purposes; for to the Extent of these Meliorations, has the Estate been benefited, or increased in Value, and such Deductions would be sustained against the forfeiting Person himself, had he never been attainted.

      And was a Compromise with the Duke of Gordon to take Place. The Petitioners in accounting would not only be entitled to these Deductions, on account of Meliorations; but they would also be entitled to claim a Deduction of two Years Rent, in the Terms of the Act above taken Notice of; because, as the Duke of Gordon's Right is now ascertained, by the Decree of the proper Court; the Advantage arising to the Petitioners from such Right, being ascertained, cannot be hurt or taken away by any Act or Deed of his.

      If the Judgment of the Court of Session was reversed upon the Appeal, then no Benefit could arise to the Petitioners from the Act of the 20th Year of his late Majesty; because of that Law's being adjudged not to extend to the Estate of Cluny. But if the Duke of Gordon's Right shall be acquired in the Way of Compromise or Sale, such Compromise or Sale will be an Acknowledgment and Approbatory of the Duke's Right, ascertained to him by the Court of Session; and therefore, the Petitioners intitled to the Benefit given them by Law, as having remained peaceable Subjects, during the Rebellion of their Landlord.

      So that in whatever Light this Matter is taken, it is humbly hoped, your Lordships will see many good Reasons for staying Execution upon the Sheriff's Decree; at least, until the Question betwixt the Crown and the Duke of Gordon shall be determined one way or other.

      The Petitioners are told, that in the Accounts given in to Court by Mrs. Macpherson, she has taken Credit for the Expence of building, so far as paid out by herself, and for the Feu-duties paid to the Duke of Gordon, which are considerable. But as these were paid out of the Money received from your Petitioners, they must have Credit for them, if your Lordships at any time hereafter shall find it proper to ordain us to account for those bygone Rents; tho' it is hoped, your Lordships will find it more equitable and just, that the Lady, who was permitted to, and did receive those Rents from us, should be obliged to account for them, and who, by the Sheriff's Dccreet is decerned to pay them.

      With respect to your Petitioners Evan Macpherson in Laggan of Noid, Donald Macpherson in Balidbeg, and Janet Rattray in Noidbeg, it may also be observed, that they have heritable Bonds or Annual rent-rights upon their Farms conditioned; that the Interest or Annual rents of their Debts shall impute in Payment of their Rents; and therefore, when, or to whomsoever they shall account, they must have Allowance of these Annual rents.

      The Petitioners will beg leave to mention one Circumstance further, which it is hoped will contribute to your Lordships ordering a Stay of Execution upon the Sheriff's Decreet at this Juncture; it is this, That the Petitioners their Connexion with Colonel Fraser, from his Sister having been married to their Landlord, has induced them to prevail with many

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of the able-bodied young Men upon the Estate to inlist in his Regiment; so that were the Petitioners either now to be imprisoned, or their small Remains of Goods seized upon while they are deprived of the Help of their Children and Relations, the most able, from their Labour, to assist in supporting the more aged and infirm, they must be reduced to the lowest Degree of Misery and Ruin.

      They pay their current Rents to your Lordships Factor, and they are able to do no more; but, to answer likewise in their present Distress and Want of Bread, Six Years Arrear more, is what they are in no Capacity to effectuate.

      May it therefore please your Lordships, in respect of the Premises, to give Orders to the Factor appointed upon the Estates of Cluny, not to put the Sheriff's Decreet to further Execution, until the Question betwixt the Crown and the Duke of Gordon shall be determined, or to give such other Relief to your Petitioners as unto your Lordships in your Wisdom and Compassion shall seem proper.

According to Justice, &c.
                                                                                                        JA. MONTGOMERY.

      It appears from the Petition that William Ramsay, the first Factor appointed by the Commissioners on the Cluny Estates, had failed to obtain payment of rents for the years immediately following the Forfeiture to Martinmas 1751. He accordingly raised an Action against Lady Cluny and the Tenants for payment of these arrears in the Sheriff Court of Inverness in 1752 and obtained Decree thereunder. After this step had been taken the Tenants began regular payment of their rents from Martinmas 1751. The rents for the earlier period having been admittedly paid to Lady Cluny, she was called upon to account for these. The Commissioners' Order Book shows that after the receipt of a Memorial (Petition) by Lady Cluny in reply to the Factor's Action an Order was issued on 28th February 1755 to the effect that no allowance was to be made for rents paid by the Tenants to Cluny or Lady Cluny unless bona fide paid before the Chief's Forfeiture, and the Factor was instructed to prosecute Lady Cluny and the Tenants for the arrears from that date to Martinmas 1751. Defences were lodged on behalf of the Tenants, pleading the excuses set forth in detail in their subsequent Petition quoted above.

      James Small, the Factor who succeeded Ramsay in 1754, on the latter's resignation, proceeded to execute the Decree obtained by his predecessor, and this gave rise to the Petition of 21st February 1757 by the Tenants quoted above in full. The Commissioners on receipt of this Petition ordered on 23rd February 1757 that enforcement of the Decree against the Tenants should be held over until the 1st day of the next Court Term. The Commissioners called before them on 24th June 1757 both J. Montgomery, the Advocate who had prepared the Petition, and John Mackenzie, C.S., the Solicitor who had instructed him, and ascertained that these parties were acting on instructions from Paul Macpherson of Breakachy. (This seems to be an error for Donald Macpherson of Breakachy, the representative of the Chief and Lady Cluny.) Is it possible that the Loch Arkaig Fund, left in Cluny's charge by the Prince, might have supplied the means of Defence of the Tenants?

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      On 22nd June 1757, after receipt of a Report by the Factor of failure to make progress against the Tenants, the Commissioners issued an Order to him dealing with a considerable number of matters, referring to the Petition of 21st February and the stoppage of action by the Factor thereafter and now ordering the Factor to proceed against the Tenants "without prejudice to their right of relief against Lady Cluny for the proportion of rents paid to her", and "in regard to the present scarcity in the country" instructions were given to the Factor that he was at liberty to accept proper security for any of the Tenants for what might be found due by them on account of arrears, payable at a certain period not exceeding eighteen months, from the date of the Order.

      Early in 1758 the Factor wrote to the Secretary of the Commissioners (D. Moncreiffe) dealing with, among other matters, the difficulty he was having in enforcing payment of the arrears of rent. He wrote with reference to the Tenants: "These poor ignorant creatures paid their rents to Lady Cluny as no person came to ask them to do otherwise. The Tenants on the Estate are extremely poor and absolutely unable even to pay any part of these sums and the consequence of forcing it from them would be sending about all of them to begging and laying the Estate waste at once." The Factor continues that he could not convey his ideas of the Tenants in stronger terms than by saying that if he himself was to get the whole poundage of the �800 (the total Estate rental) for uplifting �200, nothing but a positive order would make him attempt it.

      In reply, the Commissioners directed the Factor to prosecute two or three of the most substantial Tenants for arrears due by them and to report the effect of this.

      The next development recorded is the following Petition by the Tenants, this time not signed by an advocate but by one of the tenants on behalf of all the Petitioners.

PETITION B
PETITION
For
The Tennants of Cluny
                                         1758

Unto The Right Honourable The Lord Chief Baron and the Remanent Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer in Scotland.
      THE HUMBLE PETITION of Paul Mcpherson in Kylarchiln, John Mcpherson Weaver in Gaskinloan, Thomas Mcpherson there, Elspet Mcpherson in Beledbeg Relict of                                and others Tennents and possessors of parts of the Estate of Cluny

SHEWETH       That your Petitioners haveing applied to your Lordships by a Petition (whereof copies are herewith produced and referred to) on the 21st of February 1757, your Lordships were pleased by an order of Court of the 23d of that moneth, to direct that all Dilligence against the Petitioners should be stopt until the first day of the next term.

      That severalls of the Petitioners were lately alarmed with Charges of Horning at the Instance of Mr. Ramsay, late Factor upon this Estate for no less than Seven years Rents of their Severall possessions from the year 1745 to the 1751

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Inclusive without any deduction or abatement whatever for the payments which they made to the wife of the attainted person, who was allowed to continue in possession and in the administration of the Estate, as the Petitioners understood & were made to Believe by the favour of the Duke of Gordon the Superior, whose Claim to the Property hath been sustained by the Court of Session upon the Clan: Act; and that they made such payments bona fide to Lady Cluny, will be apparent to your Lordships from a discharge of feuduties herewith produced granted by the Duke of Gordon's Factor to the Lady for the years 1744, 1745 & 1746 dated in December 1750, and by a Receipt for another years feuduty dated in April 1757, and from this additional Circumstance, that from the year 1751, when they were legally Interpelled from payment of their Rents to the Lady by Mr. Ramsay the late Factor, they have Regularly paid their Rents to the Factor appointed by your Lordships,

      They humbly Submit to the Court what Construction they or persons of their low Rank and situation in life could put upon these proceedings, other than that the Superior, out of compassion to an unfortunate Lady and her distressed young family, allowed her to Intromit with the Rents of this Small Estate, for their Support and Subsistence, when the Superiors Steward or Factor was Receiving the feuduties from her, and neither the Superior or any person in behalf of the Crown, taking any steps to Interpell the Petitioners from payment of their Rents in the manner which they actually did, by the Importunities of Mrs. Mcpherson who was allowed to Continue in the natural possession of the Mains or Mannor place of Cluny, and who took the Same care & Charge of the Estate as she was in use to do before her husband's Attainder.

      Under these circumstances the Petitioners were naturally led to Rebuild and Repair their houses so as to make them habitable, and it can be no matter of Surprise that these Repairs were made without an order of Court, as your Lordships at that time did not take this Estate under your administration; but as these Repairs were absolutely necessary and profitable to the Proprietor, whether the Crown or the Superior, the Petitioners must Submit to your Lordships, if it would not be contrary to the Principles of Law and natural Justice to deny the Petitioners Retention or allowance of these necessary and Beneficial Repairs in so far as they can be Sufficiently Instructed.

      That as the Petitioners paid their Rents to Mrs. Mcpherson, she out of these Rents paid upwards of �70 Sterling, in part of the feuduty due to the Superior, which in all events was a real Charge or Lyen upon the Estate, and so far as these feuduties will go, the Petitioners apprehend, that there can be no objection made to their Retaining a proportion of the Rents, actually paid, corresponding to these feuduties.

      That as the Petitioners are threatened with immediate Dilligence and distress, they humbly Implore your Lordships' protection against this Rigorous claim of double payments, and however ungratefull and unfortunate their late Master may have been in his Conduct, they are fully perswaded that your Lordships will hear with Suitable Compassion, and determine with Humanity, the Claims of poor people in their Situation, and even be ready to make Reasonable allowances for their Ignorance, supposing that they may have Erred in matters of Law or Judgement, by makeing advances of money without Strict legal] authority, to the wife and Infant children of the late unhappy Proprietor of this Estate.

      The Petitioners therefore humbly Pray your Lordships To take this and their former Petition under your Consideration, and To allow them to be heard by Counsel, upon the Severall particulars therein Set furth, that Your Lordships may give Such Relief to the Petitioners in the Premises as Shall appear to the Court to be Just & necessary in the particular Circumstances of this Case, and Your Petitioners Shall Pray

Dond. Mcpherson for
Self & the rest.
CLUNY. 6 Decr 1758

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      Read the within Petition No order, the Barons being of opinion that the allowances prayed by the Petition are properly under the consideration of the Factor by the Order of the 22d of June 1757.

      This was followed by a pronouncement on 6th December 1758 by the Commissioners to the effect that the matters raised in the Petition were covered by the earlier Orders issued to the Factor after the first Petition in 1757. At the same time the Secretary to the Commissioners sent a covering letter, dated 7th December 1758, to the Factor in which he writes as follows:
      "The Barons wish to give the poor Tenants all the relief they can, and, therefore, I would have you try, if you could, to apportion the feu-duties paid out of the Estate rents" (to the Duke of Gordon as Superior and, therefore, a legal charge on the rents) "on every Tenant so that each might have relief in proportion to his rent, and as for their claim for ameliorations you may send up to me as soon as conveniently may be a note of their demands and I should let you know how far in my opinion you may give them credit for the claim so laid out by them."

      In a letter written by the Factor on 12th December 1758 he reports his failure to impound (i.e. seize) any of the Tenants' effects owing to their not being available, and suggests that he should be allowed to obtain a caption (which would authorise imprisonment), adding:
      "I'm hopeful that this might lead to the friends of the Cluny family finding ways and means of paying the money rather than see so many poor wretches sent to misery on their account as they find now that payment in some way cannot be avoid." Later, in a letter dated 25th December 1758, he writes that he is glad the Macphersons are taking some steps towards a clearance. He points out that Donald Macpherson who presented the Petition is supposed to be Factor for Lady Cluny during her absence and suggests that if he gives a reasonable account the writer wishes that the Barons would accept it as it would prevent many poor, innocent families from being rendered miserable. He proceeds that there can be no great difficulty in giving the poor tenants the relief proposed by the Barons, but if the Lady's Factor pays for all it would be much better. "For this end I should think it right I had the Caption so as they see there is no putting off payment and I reason Mr. Macpherson will come to Edinburgh and clear with me at your sight at least by your advice." It will be seen that this course was ultimately followed.

      There is no further report on the proceedings between the Commissioners and their Factor and the Tenants until the Commissioners issued an Order of 5th February 1760 calling on the Factor to account for the collection of arrears. Next, there is incorporated in the Factor's Account for 1761 a settlement between the parties which was detailed in a separate Account signed on behalf of the parties on 22nd February 1762 in terms of the following copy extracted from the files. This was approved by an Order of the Commissioners dated February 1762.

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E745/39/1-5

STATEMENT C
Account of Charge and Discharge of Lady Cluny's intromissions with the Rent and Arrears of Rent due from the Estate of Clunie for the years 1745 and 1751 and intervening years.

CHARGE
      To the whole rents and arrears of rent due by her or the tenants on the Estate of Cluny for the years 1745, 1746,1747, 1748, 1749, 1750 and 1751 conform to Decreet at the instance of Mr. William Ramsay late Factor ajoint the tenants and her and as given up by him in the Accounts of his intromissions with the rents of the said Estate amounting to           �872   9   3

      Exchequer Edinburgh the 22nd day of February 1762 --
The above Account is this day fitted and cleared between collected and discharged Donald McPherson of Breakachy agent for Lady Cluny and Ensign James Small Factor on the Forfeited Estate of Cluny:   "Don McPherson"
                         "Jas Small"
                                                                                                             �872 9    3

      Paid into the Recr. General as above by
             Mr Ramsay                        � 98 9  5-1/2
             Ballance                             122 8 11                                            220 18   4-1/2
             Allowances made to Lady Cluny                                                    �651 10 11-2/12

DISCHARGE
By five years feu duty paid to the Duke of Gordon per his Factors
Discharge at �16:10:3-4/ yearly                                                                 � 82 11  4
By five years stipend paid to Mr. William Blair, Minister per discharge                 18  3 10
By five years feu duty cess per discharge                                                          9  0  5
By �15:12:4-2/3 Stg. yearly from 1747 to 1751 both inclusive retained by
Ewan McPherson of Lagan in virtue of an Heritable Bond and for which
his claim was ascertained by the Lords                                                            78 1 11
By �3:6:8 for the years retained by Mrs. Rattray, Dowager of Cluny,
in virtue of her life rent inleftment                                                                  16 13  4
By �2:15:6-8/12 for the said years retained by Donald McPherson
in Biallidbeg in virtue of a Bond and Tack granted by Cluny and
for which this claim was ascertained                                                                13 17  9
By cash uplifted by Mr. William Ramsay late factor now accounted for                 98   9  5
By waste lands and bankrupts per list thereof and the tenants oaths                  19 16  8
By the rents for year 1745 collected and discharged by Cluny per
the tenants oaths                                                                                       131 12  9
By the rents for year 1746 collected and discharged by Cluny per
the tenants oaths                                                                                       131 12  9
By the expense of building a meal miln, a house and office houses
and in the Mains of Cluny the whole biggings many having been destroyed
in the 1745 and 1746 and without which houses the land would have lain waste  150  0  0
By balance                                                                                                 122  8 11
Discharge equal to Charge                                                                         �872   9  3

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      Nevertheless, when this settlement was submitted to the Auditor it appears that this Official took exception to some of the expenses charged by the Factor and also to the arrangement by which the balance of arrears of rents not accounted for by payment of allowances was to be disposed of by acceptance of a Bill of Exchange by Donald Macpherson of Breakachy. The Factor had again to petition the Commissioners on 11th February 1763 as follows:
"That when the account of the rents taken up by Lady Cluny was settled Mr. Macpherson of Breakachy gave his Bill for the balance of �122 9s. 3d. though the term of payment is passed Mr. Macpherson had not yet paid this money owing, he says, to several disappointments which have happened to him this year, but as these accounts were settled upon the view that this Bill was to be paid on or before this time the Auditor scruples to allow the same as an article of arrear in the Petitioner's Accounts, that Mr. Macpherson has promised to pay the money soon and is believed by every person to be a man of sufficient circumstances."       The Factor therefore applied to the Commissioners to allow him credit for the Bill in his present Accounts.

On 11th February 1763 the Barons allowed the Factor credit for the sum due by Breakachy but recommended him to recover payment of the same with all possible speed. No further trace of this final balance of arrears has been found in the subsequent Factor's Accounts. It may have been allowed to drop, or possibly was dealt with by some separate private account between the Factor and Breackachy.

      The Settlement is surmmarised in the Docquet in the Statement signed on 22nd February 1762 by the Factor on behalf of the Government and by Breakachy as Agent for Lady Cluny, including the Small Tenants.       This may be clarified by further breaking down showing that the total claim of �872 9s. 3d. representing the rents for the years 1745 to 1751 both inclusive was settled as follows:
      A. Allowances for
           1 . Repairs and improvements carried out by Lady Cluny and tenants         �150  0  0
           2. Feuduties, stipend, interest on loans and widows annuity secured
                on the estate                                                                                   218  8  9
           3. Wasteland, bankruptcies, etc.                                                               19 16   8
           4. Rents for 1745 and 1746 paid to Cluny                                                263   5   6
                     Total Allowances                                                                        �651 10 11
      B. Cash collected by Factor and paid to Exchequer                         �98 9  5
      C. Balance on Bill by Breakachy                                                   122 8 11
                                                                                                                      220 18  4
Arrears claimed and settled .                                                                             �872  9  3

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HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS COMMITTEE
SECOND REPORT

     The Historical Documents Committee of the Association began work in 1953 and presented its first report in Creag Dhubh No. 8, 1956. In the intervening years the Committee has not been idle, and it is felt that a Second Report is now due.

      Creag Dhubh has published a good deal of the material handled by the committee; two of the original members of the committee published the main clauses Of THE BANCHOR BOND of the 14th (January or February) 1689, the letter from the gentlemen of Badenoch to Sir Hugh Campbell of Calder, the marriage settlement of the 15th March 1689 between Sir Hugh's son, Archibald Campbell of Cluness, and Anne Macpherson, daughter of Duncan Macpherson of Cluny; the KINGUSSIE "ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT" of January 1698; and the KINGUSSIE BOND of the 8th November 1699, in an article explaining the principles of succession to the chiefship of Clan Macpherson (Creag Dhubh No. 10, 1958).

      Major J. E. Macpherson, former editor of Creag Dhubh, has published extracts from the Invereshie Book, a collection which once belonged to Provost Alexander Macpherson of Kingussie, including material referring to the Cluny-Mackintosh litigation of 1672 (Creag Dhubh No. 11, 1959), and a letter concerning the education of Duncan of the Kiln at Mr. Hector Fraser's School at Inverness in 1760 (Creag Dhubh No. 12, 1960). He was further instrumental, with a large party from the England and Wales Branch, in retrieving some fifty valuable letters which were once part of the Cluny Charter Chest collection. This event represents a signal success for the Committee and the Association. The list was published in Creag Dhubh No. 16, 1964.

      A. F. Macpherson has published two valuable papers on Ewan Macpherson of Cluny's "cattle watch" in 1744 (Creag Dhubh No. 12, 1960, and No. 15, 1963), based on documents in the Macpherson of Cluny Collection in the Register House, Edinburgh. He has also published material dealing with the social problems of the Farm of Gaskenloan, part of the Cluny Estate, during the Forfeiture (Creag Dhubh No. 17, 1965), based on documents in the Forfeited Estates Papers in the Register House, and his work in this collection continues.

      Many of the officers of the Association around the world are often asked questions about the genealogy of particular families of the clan, and this is one of the constitutional objectives of the Association. Unfortunately records are scanty, and what there is is often inaccessible or defective.

      Our first report ended by appealing for aid in rescuing the old parish registers of Badenoch. We are happy to report that a start has been made here, and that the Marriage and Baptismal Registers of the Parish of Laggan, 1775 to 1854, have been copied in their entirety. This arduous task was undertaken by Alan G. Macpherson and Lloyd C. Macpherson during the summer of 1962, and was completed by A. F. Macpherson

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during 1964. Alan G. Macpherson has recently succeeded in reorganising the data in about 1,500 individual families, of which some 600 are Macphersons. Cross-referencing has begun, and when this is completed an attempt will be made to make the Laggan Registers available in their new form at the Clan House and elsewhere. Eventually it should be possible to produce a report on the Registers, stating conclusions on social structure and population trends in Laggan during the last quarter of the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries. The sort of questions which it will be possible to answer will include: What was the proportion of Macphersons in the Laggan population at that time? and What were the relations between different clans at that time? A good deal of light is cast on the continued functioning of the clan as a social structure, long after its cohesion as a political and economic structure had come to an end. We are doubtless in for a few surprises in this respect, and some old and long-accepted ideas about clan history will be overturned.

      Alan G. Macpherson is currently reading the family papers of the Macpherson of LeRoy and the Oatka Trail in up-state New York, a family which migrated from Badenoch after the Catastrophe at Gaick in 1800 and which has proliferated in numbers and spread across the United States in the intervening 166 years. A report on the history of this family will eventually be forthcoming.

      Finally, members will be interested to know that Scottish Studies, the magazine of the School of Scottish Studies at the University of Edinburgh, will carry an article entitled "An Old Highland Genealogy and the Evolution of a Scottish Clan" in its Spring issue of 1966. Written by Alan G. Macpherson, this article is based on the Invereshie Genealogy of 1705. It includes a detailed documentary authentication of the genealogy (which itself is one of the most important documents in the Clan Museum). The article is regarded as a breakthrough in our understanding of what a clan really was in its internal structure and its origins.

                              A.G.M., A.F.M., A.I.S.M., J.E.M. and LL.C.M.

____________
SOME MONUMENTS IN BADENOCH
by JOHN M. BARTON

                                                            "That this may be a sign among
                                                             you, that when your children ask
                                                             their fathers in time to come, saying
                                                             'What mean ye by these stones'."
                                                                                                                   Josh. 4:6

      No doubt Macphersons had these words in mind when they erected some of the Monuments which can be seen in Badenoch. The variety of the countryside in Badenoch is most suitable for the erection of outstanding memorials and Clansmen have taken full advantage of this to commemorate the great men who have belonged to the district.

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      The most recently erected is a stone cairn at Catlodge near Laggan in memory of Calum Piobair, Calum Macpherson, who in the words of the inscription "preserved and taught the Piobaireachd of the MacCrimmons". Calum Piobair, who was piper to Old Cluny, died in 1898, but his work continued and there is still a flourishing school of piping at Laggan under Dr. Mackay. His son, Angus Macpherson, who unveiled the cairn in 1960, no longer resides in the district, but also maintains the piping tradition and an example of his success is noted on another page in this issue. The cairn to Calum Piobair was erected by the Glasgow Badenoch Association and friends and the unveiling ceremony is described in detail in the 1961 Creag Dhubh.

      Appropriately the memorial to Old Cluny (Ewan Macpherson, C.B., 20th Chief) is situated not far distant on the top of a steep rocky hill which overlooks the Cluny Estate, also Loch Laggan, Glen Truim and the Spey Valley throughout its entire length in Badenoch. This monument, which is usually seen upon looking south from Laggan, is of slender design. It stands about 20 feet high and narrows up to a stone cross which is surmounted on the top. Apart from its height, and its outstanding situation, it is a simple monument and the inscription briefly explains:

        Erected by Clansmen and Friends in loving memory of
Ewen Macpherson, C.B., of Cluny Macpherson, Chief of Clan Chattan,
      Born 24th April, 1805. Died 11th January, 1885."

      A few miles to the east, on a shoulder of Creag Dhubh, near the cave where Cluny of the '45 hid after Culloden, there stands the memorial to Old Cluny's widow [Sarah Justina Davidson of Tulluch] who died on 14th March 1886, which was erected by her family. It is slightly smaller than the monument to Old Cluny, but is otherwise of identical design.

      In contrast to the plain monument to Old Cluny and his widow, the marble obelisk in memory of James Macpherson of Balavil is of most ornate construction and was erected at a cost of �500 shortly after his death in 1796. It is situated in the centre of the private burial ground of the Brewster-Macpherson [now Fletcher-Macpherson] family on a wooded knoll close to the [old] Inverness road. There is no inscription, but the carvings contain allusions to his poetic works.

      Without any doubt, the most impressive monument in Badenoch is the Column on the summit of Tor Alvie in memory of the 5th Duke of Gordon who died on 25th May 1836. This column, standing 90 feet high is instantly noticeable for many miles around and gives the effect of dwarfing the beech trees on the wooded hillside. The column has a square base, and on three sides there is an inscription in English, Gaelic and Latin, setting out the Duke's military achievements. On the fourth side there is the following:

"Erected by subscription 1840 Committee --
Cluny Macpherson, Chairman.
Col. Mitchell, C.B.
Lt. Col. Don. Macpherson, K.H.
Major John Macpherson.
Capt. A. M. Macpherson, Nuide.
Capt. Lach. Macpherson, Biallid.
Lt. Alex. Macpherson, Ruthven.
Rev. George Shepherd, Kingussie.
Dun. Macpherson, Esq., Jun. Banker, Kingussie, Treasurer."
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      The Chairman, Cluny Macpherson, was Old Cluny, the 20th Chief, and Capt. Lachlan Macpherson was the famous historian known as "Old Biallid". The Marquises of Huntly, and latterly the Dukes of Gordon were hereditary "superiors" or overlords of all Badenoch including the Cluny lands and it is most pleasing to note that relations with those who held the land were such that they were willing and eager to erect such a magnificent Column to his memory.

      Nearby, on Tor Alvie, there is a cairn erected by the same Duke of Gordon, then Marquis of Huntly, in memory of the officers of the 42nd Royal Highlanders and the 92nd Gordon Highlanders who fell at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815.

      Tor Alvie is situated on the Kinrara Estate which was the residence of the Gordon family in Badenoch. In a distant comer of the Estate, close to the River Spey, can be found the tomb of the 5th Duke of Gordon's mother -- Jane, Duchess of Gordon who died on 11 th April, 1812. It was the Duchess who was instrumental in raising the 92nd Regiment in Badenoch and Strathspey in 1794. It is said that she frequented the country fairs, and offered the stalwart youths a golden guinea and a kiss as an inducement to join the Regiment.

      Some miles to the south, in the remote Forest of Gaick at the head of Loch-an-t'Seilich, may be found the commemorative cairn to Captain John Macpherson of Ballachroan, the "Black Officer", and his four companions who died there at Christmas 1799 (Old Style) while on a hunting expedition. The party were spending the night in a hut when an avalanche rolled down the hillside in a storm and swept away the building and its occupants. The disaster, which has come to be known as the Gaick Catastrophe, was made the theme of some wild and superstitious tales which were related throughout the nineteenth century. On the centenary of the event, the historian of the Clan, Alexander Macpherson, F.S.A.(SCOT.), Banker, Kingussie, published a booklet, Captain John Macpherson of Ballochroan -- a Counterblast, in which he gave a true account of the events and explained the various supernatural tales which were told in connection with the catastrophe. The proceeds from the sale of this booklet together with contributions from clansmen and friends, enabled the commemorative cairn to be erected and this cairn can still be seen near the existing Lodge at Gaick.

      The remains of the Black Officer lie interred in St. Columba's Churchyard, Kingussie, the gravestone being inscribed as follows:

"Sacred to the Memory of Captain John Macpherson, Balechroan, late of the 82nd Regiment who died 2nd January 1800 aged 76 years,"
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CAPTAIN JOHN MACPHERSON
AMERICAN PATRIOT, SPY, INVENTOR AND AUTHOR
Reprinted from PHILADELPHIA, HOLY EXPERIMENT by Struthers Burt, with the kind permission of the publishers, The Hutchinson Publishing Group, Great Portland Street, London W. 1.       Without question, Captain John Macpherson of Clunie was one of the most extraordinary and fascinating persons who ever descended upon William Penn's "Holy Experiment" to make it his home. He must have been a wonder and delight to his friends, and at times a source of annoyance.

      Captain Macpherson was a younger son of the head of the Macpherson clan, the Laird of Clunie, and at an early age he went to sea, becoming at the age of thirty-one, captain of a privateer, the twenty-one gun Britannia. In 1758 the Britannia, overtaken by a heavier French ship, gave battle and was defeated. Macpherson, who had lost his right arm during the battle, was taken aboard the Frenchman, together with his officers, and was afterwards released, but as for the Britannia, she was set adrift with her crew, who, despite many hardships, managed to bring her finally to the port of Philadelphia, where Macpherson, two years later, in 1760, rejoined her as captain. [John was actually a nephew of Lachlan of Cluny rather than a son; his father was William, Lachlan's younger brother. The relationships is shown in a subsequent article that appeared in Creag Dhubh 40 (1988) along with other information about this gentleman and his sons and other descendants].

      Thereupon began a most profitable decade for Macpherson of Clunie; he took enough French prizes to make himself an extremely rich man. By the time of the Revolution he had become thoroughly American and was employed as a secret agent by the Continental Congress, although what he wanted to be was commander of the Continental Navy. Congress sent him to Cambridge with a plan to burn the British Navy in Boston Harbour, but Washington rejected this although later on, according to the hero of the tale, Macpherson entered the Hessian lines near Trenton as a spy and was responsible for the information that led to Washington's victory. However that may be, Captain Macpherson did serve his adopted country well, for he built with his own money five Continental men-of-war, which he presented to the Pennsylvania Navy: the large vessel Perseverance, the sloop Tyger, the schooners Cal and Jackal and the gunboat Anti-Traitor. Meanwhile he built Mount Pleasant on the first profits of his privateering.

[Mount Pleasant was the name of the mansion that he had built on the banks of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia. The mansion was originally named Clunie but Captain John changed the name to Mount Pleasant before he sold it to Benedict Arnold in 1779. It has been the property of the City of Philadelphia since 1868 and remains so to this day. Pictures of Mount Pleasant along with those of John and his second wife, Mary Ann MacNeal, appeared in Creag Dhubh40 (1988)]

      An ardent patriot, one of his sons, John, was the first Philadelphian of distinction to be killed in the Revolution -- he fell at the assault on Quebec -- and another son, William, organised and led the famous Macpherson Blues as a Continental Major.

      William Macpherson, who rose to be a brigadier-general in the American Army, arrived in this country in 1779, where his father had been for many years, and four years earlier his brother John had fallen at the siege of Quebec, as adjutant of the Sixteenth British Infantry. Almost at once he handed in his resignation to Sir Harry Clinton and was permitted to resign but was not allowed to sell his commission. The whole proceeding is typical of the strange and punctilious warfare of the eighteenth century -- strange to our ruthless modern warfare ideas

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-- and of the confusion the American Revolution caused in so many English [sic!] minds. It was indeed an idealogical war. General Richard Montgomery himself, the American hero of Quebec, was an Irishman, who before settling in New York in 1772, where he married the daughter of Robert Livingston, had for many years served gallantly in the English [sic!] army. In 1757 he had served in the attack upon Louisburg, and 1759 in the Lake Champlain expedition. The night before young John Macpherson was killed, he wrote a letter to his father which contained this curiously fair-minded sentence. In case he should not survive the approaching battle, "I could wish," wrote young John Macpherson, "my brother did continue in the service of my country's enemies."

[There is another version of the story that tells us that William was present at the Battle of Monmouth in a red uniform but did not become engaged in the ongoing combat there. When he tendered his request to resign it was denied. Determined to do so , he decided to escape to the American lines posing as a recreational fisherman. He had his 'bat man' row him in a boat on the river adjacent to the British lines but instead of employing fishing gear he produced a pistol and forced the servant to row the boat across to the American lines.]

      Rich, successful at everything to which he turned his hand, John Macpherson of Clunie, once peace was declared, settled down to the happiest years of his life. In the sunshine of peace he blossomed like a rose. He lectured on astronomy and natural philosophy, accompanied, as the records state, by "vocal and instrumental Musick, and a boy who danced hornpipes"; he published the first trade paper in the country, the Price-Current, 1783; and he undertook the first city directory in the United States. The latter was compiled in his own individual way and therefore contains, after certain street addresses, such notes as these: "Mrs. No Name"; "Mr. I Won't Tell"; or even one entry as succinct as "Cross Woman".

      Macpherson of Clunie, or Mount Pleasant, was also an inventor, like Benjamin Franklin, if not as practical a one. Among his inventions was a machine which moved, from within, a house to any place where you might want it and which he operated himself, and a folding cot which he advertised as bidding "defiance to everything but Omnipotence". He was equally busy with the arts and with pamphleteering, writing what he called "comic tragedies" for the stage, and indulging in such furious and insulting controversies with Dr. Cadwalader, John Dickinson and other eminent men that at one time he was locked up for three months as being insane. Finally, in 1789, he published an autobiography entitled, A History of the Life, Very Strange Adventures, and Works of Captain John Macpherson, Which Will, in Many Parts, Appear like an Eastern Tale.

      Despite all of which, he was an eminently successful man, founded a distinguished American family, and was an outstanding rifle-shot with one arm -- the left.

      Editorial Note:-- We are very grateful to the Publishers of the work from which this extract is taken for so kindly giving us permission to print it. Still more are we grateful to Madam MacLean of Dochgarroch who brought it to our attention. We hope, sincerely, that this account of Captain John Macpherson may prompt some further and closer investigations into his career and into the subsequent history of his family. He appears certainly to have been one of the most interesting, eccentric and delightful characters that the Clan has ever produced and it is only surprising that his story has not been unearthed before.

      Is it possible for a copy of John Macpherson's autobiography, mentioned at the close of the article above, to be found by one of our Transatlantic Members and passed to the library in Clan House? It would be a most welcome contribution.

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LATE PRINCIPAL REV. JAMES MACPHERSON
YOUTHFUL GALLANTRY RECALLED

      During the teen-age of my late grandfather, Principal the Rev. James Macpherson, born in 1814 -- a member of the premier line of the House of Cluny -- on an occasion when, by flooding, the level of various rivers rose upwards of 40 feet, unaided by any human assistance he was enabled to save the lives of no less than 40 persons -- babes, children and adults -- who were marooned upon exposed pieces of land.

      This experience involved the permanent loss of the sense of smell and proved to be the only blemish (physical or spiritual) of a life extending to 87 years. Included therein were 68, from the age of 19, of devoted service in active and intensive ministry, mostly throughout Great Britain. There was an earlier probationary period of upwards of two years during which he, along with his mentor and friend -- Dr. Thomas Chalmers, the celebrated Professor of Philosophy -- often preached on The Mound, where now the National Gallery stands.

      It is interesting to note that, but for the sending of an ill chosen letter of commendation by certain of the clergy of the Church of his birth to the Duke of Cumberland -- the "Butcher" of Highland memory -- some years following Culloden, James Macpherson would not have found the Church of his adoption, within which he established its ministerial foundations. This Church became one of powerful interests, and a field to his heart's desire.

      Additionally, in his earlier life his father engaged professors of every branch of Scottish dancing, to such good result that under their tutorship, and following the river incident, when 16 years of age he was able to out-dance any young man in those dances which are peculiarly ours.

      Although not unmindful, he sought no recognition of his rights to high estate; so, freed from all of self-interest, he endeavoured to guide others along the pathways of proper relationships: man to God and between man and his fellows, recognising the rights of all in the spirit of goodness.

      Throughout his life, having what may properly be described as a photographic memory, he was able, upon reading any book which interested him and regardless of subject, to recite it with correctness. At the age of 84, and without the Danish, having next day to meet a young Dane unable to converse with any available person, he obtained a Danish grammar and browsed through it. As a consequence the conversation took place in complete understanding. I had the privilege of being present. He was blessed with a mind which appeared to be limitless in its understanding, so penetrating and retentive that all of his learning was within his memory. Added to this was the intuitive quality which bespeaks the universal mind. He lectured in some 10 or 12 languages whilst able to converse in many others. He was identified with work of Biblical revision for the Revised Edition.

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      His friendships ran through and across all branches of society. He was held in general esteem. Although a Non-Conformist Minister, his learning and work have been commended above the barriers of Churchdom. Speaking of his extensive work on St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians, an Archbishop of the Church of World-wide distinction foundationally different, told me his Church accepted it without question, being in complete agreement. It pleased me greatly to hear him say -- "I met James Macpherson in unity on the Highest Level, above any religious differences.

      Whilst crossing a Cheshire town from one railway station to the other and caught by torrential rain, he handed his plaid to a woman and her two children for their protection. For several hours he was unable to effect a change of clothing; pneumonia developed from the exposure. He passed onwards and gloriously on the 18th of April, 1901, in his 88th year.       Today there are many people, members of the Clan and others, who had it not been for my grandfather's youthful gallantry, and in my own case his preservation, might not have come into this present incarnation.

      I wonder whether there are any descendants of the fortunate folk whose lives were saved, who, knowing of the particular circumstances, would care to communicate with me, as they and I, his remaining grandson, owe so much to James Macpherson's memory.

      I have taken the liberty of giving some few of multitudinous indications of his qualities, which I hope will delight the hearts of all within the Clan, and many without.

                                                                                                REGINALD GEORGE MACPHERSON.

This letter, which appeared in THE BADENOCH RECORD on 16th August 1952, is reprinted with the kind permission of the Editor of THE STRATHSPEY AND BADENOCH HERALD to whom our thanks are due.

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THE CLAN ARMORIAL
by R. G. M. MACPHERSON, F.R.S.A., F.S.A.SCOT.

Second of a series of articles concerning the Armorial Ensigns of Members of the Clan Macpherson
No. 3 THE HON. MR. JUSTICE A. ALEX. CATTANACH

      The Hon. Mr. Justice Cattanach of Ottawa, Canada, recorded Arms in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland (Vol. 48, p.3) on the 10th October 1964. These Arms are of particular significance since Mr. Cattanach is the first of his name to have received a Grant of Arms from Lyon Court.
       The Arms are described as follows: "Or, a lymphad, sails furled Azure, Ragged and surmounted of a fess Gules, charged with a sword fesswise Proper, hilted and pommelled Gold and surmounted at the fess point of a garb Or; in the dexter and sinister chief two crosscrosslets fitchee of the Third." The crest is, "A demi cat-a-mountain salient Proper sustaining with his forepaws a balance-scale Or."

      The basic design is a blue galley on a gold field, which are the Arms assigned by the present Lord Lyon to the Chief of Clan Chattan. The red cross-crosslets, which also appears in the Cluny Arms, denotes the relationship between Macpherson and Cattanach, This appears particularly appropriate because one of the reasons advanced for the red cross-crosslet in the Macpherson Arms is an association with the service of one of the two Saints Catan who appear in the Celtic calendar. The sword signifies Mr. Justice Cattanach's service in the R.C.A.F. during World War II and is also symbolic of "the sword of justice". The "garb" or sheaf of wheat is taken from the Arms of the Province of Saskatchewan where Mr. Cattanach attended Law School and where he was first called to the Bar. The "garb" also commemorates his father's connection with the grain trade.

      The demi-cat holding a balance-scale is suggestive of Mr. Cattanach's office of Justice of H.M. Exchequer Court of Canada. The motto, "Touch Not", is capable of a double entendre since it refers both to the cat and to the scales of justice.

      Mr. Justice Cattanach is an active member of the Canadian Branch of the Association and was elected Vice-Chairman at the 1965 Annual Meeting.

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No. 4 COLONEL CLUNY MACPHERSON, C.M.G., K.J.ST.J., M.D., F.R.C.S.
      Dr. Cluny Macpherson of St. John's, Newfoundland, recorded Arms in the Lyon Register (Vol. 39, p.151) on 25th March, 1954, and was the first of the Canadian Macphersons to receive a Grant of Arms.
      The Lord Lyon gave Dr. Cluny Macpherson a decidedly Newfounland blazon. In addition to the well-known Cluny charges of the galley, the hand holding the dagger and the cross-crosslet, this shield is differenced by a "fess wavy Vert and Argent" (horizontal, wavy lines of green and silver) to suggest the Atlantic waves over which Dr. Cluny's great-grandfather came to Newfoundland in 1804. In the flanks are two gold caribous' heads, being the badge of the Newfoundland Regiment -- later the Royal Newfoundland Regiment. It was wearing this badge that Dr. Cluny Macpherson returned to Scotland in 1915, proceeding at once to headquarters in Edinburgh Castle. The wild cat crest is differenced by being placed between two caribou antlers.

      The motto, "Ne'er but a Glove", is an example of the "answering motto" which the Lord Lyon has described as being one of the finer things in Scots heraldry.

      Dr. Cluny Macpherson is an Honorary Vice-President both of the Clan Macpherson Association and of the Clan Chattan Association, and he is a former Chairman of the Canadian Branch of the Clan Macpherson Association. He is the senior Knight of Justice in the Commonwealth of the Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem

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ALEXANDER FRASER MACPHERSON
AND THE SECRETARYSHIP OF THE ASSOCIATION
by ALAN G. MACPHERSON

      When Major J. E. Macpherson resigned the editorship of this annual in 1963 the present writer took the opportunity to review the history of that office since the beginning of the Association. The purpose of the present article is to do the same for the Honorary Secretaryship at a moment when that office has recently been vacated by A. Fraser Macpherson.

      The Secretaryship, the Treasurership, and the Editorial Chair are undoubtedly the most "executive" of the offices held in the Association, other than the Chairmanship, for it is upon them that its month-to-month business depends. While the Treasurer and Editor, in rather different ways, work with the members, the work of the Secretary is mainly concerned with Council members and authorities outside the Association. Much of it is conducted of necessity out of sight of the general membership, and the Secretary himself tends to remain unobtrusive except at the General Meeting once a year. The Association was, therefore, fortunate in the "quiet diplomacy" which Fraser Macpherson provided, and doubly fortunate in the fact that he managed at the same time and over the years to maintain a surprisingly wide series of contacts with ordinary members.       When the Association rallied in Badenoch for the first time, in 1947, Niall Macpherson, M.P. of Newtonmore and London, now Lord Drumalbyn, was elected secretary, and A. Fraser Macpherson, W.S., of Edinburgh, became treasurer. The latter succeeded as secretary in August 1950 at a business meeting held on land donated to the Association by Mrs. de Falbe on the slopes of Creag Dhubh. From his law office at 16 Castle Street, Edinburgh, he tended the affairs of the Association for fourteen years, retiring in August 1964, undoubtedly the longest period of office held by one individual in the Association since its inception. His resignation was tendered on medical advice.       All the Chairmen of the Association will agree that Fraser's devotion eased their term of office, and it should not be forgotten that he shares with Tom Macpherson, Niall Macpherson, and Allan "Inverness", our present Chairman, the credit for the spadework which put the Association on a sound basis. He became secretary just as the process of acquiring the Clan House was set in motion, and he dealt with the Association's debentures, completion of title, and mortgage, during the period of his incumbency.       Fraser was also responsible for carrying out the instructions of the Clan Council with respect to the re-matriculation of the Chief's arms, a matter requiring correspondence with the Chief in Australia and negotiations with the Lyon King of Arms in the Lyon Court in Edinburgh. The issue arose from the fact that the Chief and Lyon had come to recognise Ewan D. L. Cheyne-Macpherson, a younger son of William

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G. D. L. Cheyne-Macpherson, as heir to the arms of Cluny, eliminating the Chief's closest cousin by male descent, the late Francis Cameron Macpherson. Many clansmen associated with Badenoch were suspicious of this situation and Fraser and the present writer were instructed to investigate the claim of the Cheyne-Macphersons and to show that it was unfounded. This required a considerable degree of tact, and was in fact painful to Fraser who was on a footing of personal friendship with William Cheyne-Macpherson and his son. The father, moreover, had been a prominent figure in clan affairs in the 1930s, had been recognised as "Captain of Clan Macpherson" by the Chief, and was the author of The Chiefs of Clan Macpherson. As a result of protracted negotiations with the Lord Lyon it was finally arranged that Francis Cameron Macpherson, who was the closest male-cousin to Cluny, should, with the Chief's agreement, precede Ewan Cheyne-Macpherson; the re-matriculation was completed by 1956.

      After William Cheyne-Macpherson's death in 1958 Fraser, negotiating on behalf of the Council, was able to obtain a second rematriculation which restored the position of the Blairgowrie family in the succession to the arms of Cluny. It should be noted here that in all matters where he was acting in the capacity of a solicitor Fraser gave his services free to the Association.

      Fraser is the senior representative of one of the old families of Macphersons associated with Drumgaskenloan, the westernmost plough of the Davoch of Gaskenloan, an original farm-town of the Estate of Cluny. Drumgask is situated on a knoll close to the south end of Laggan Bridge. Fraser's great-great-grandfather, Alexander Macpherson, was one of the joint-tenants in Drumgask when he married Janet Macpherson in 1795; her father was, similarly, a joint-tenant in the farm-town of Cluny. Their only son, Thomas, was eventually the sole tenant of Drumgask, giving rise to a saying still remembered in Laggan: Novi, Thomas has the seven churns of Drumgask. It was probably in his time that the Inn of Catlaig (Catlodge) at the other end of the davoch was replaced by the Inn of Drumgask. Thomas Macpherson was also the last Macpherson tenant in the farm, for he moved to Inverness in 1835.

      At least two Thomas Macphersons appear in the Forfeited Estates Papers between 1748 and 1777 as tenants in Drumgask, but their exact relationship to the tenant of 1795 is not known. The earliest clansman associated with Gaskanloan was also a Thomas Macpherson, married to Ann Clerk, daughter of John Clerk in Gaskanloan; they appear in Sir Aeneas Macpherson's 1705 Genealogy. If, as appears likely, Fraser's family is descended from this couple, then he is of the Macphersons of Clune, a cadet family of Pitmain and Sliochd Iain.

      Fraser's grandfather, Alexander, was second son of Thomas in Drumgask. He was born on the farm in 1832 and became a hide and leather merchant in Edinburgh, His elder brother, Donald, and three of their sisters, migrated to Australia in the mid-nineteenth century, but no one of the name survives of this emigration,

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      Fraser was born in Edinburgh on the 22nd June 1896, and completed his education at George Watson's College in 1914. He entered an indenture with a law firm in Edinburgh that year, but after the outbreak of hostilities he enlisted in July 1915 in the 9th Royal Scots. He was in France between October 1915 and April 1917 and saw action on the Somme, at Beaumont Hamel and at Arras with the 51st (Highland) Division. He was wounded at Arras during the attack on the chemical works at Roeux. After leaving hospital he served with the 4th (Reserve) Battalion of his Regiment in Britain, and, just before demobilisation in November 1918, he was commissioned in the 5th H.L.I.

      He married Minnie Telfer Fraser in 1930 and they have two sons: Thomas Ewen (b. 1932) who is currently at Cheltenham at the Foreign Communications Headquarters of the Foreign Office; and Alexander Fraser junior (b.1935) who is married and is Forest Manager for a private corporation on Vancouver Island, British Columbia.

      Readers of Creag Dhubh are aware of Fraser's contributions since 1951, covering a wide range of subjects concerning Clan Macpherson history and, in particular, the history of our clan tartans; to date, ten articles of importance. He has notable talent as a cartoonist, too, and readers of the Journal will recall his "Fighting the Weather at the Gathering of the Clans, Murrayfield, Edinburgh, August 1951", which appeared in the 1952 issue.

      In 1953 he became one of the Association's Historical Documents Committee, together with Dr. Archie Macpherson and the writer, and, whilst pursuing his own historical interests, he has helped those who have joined the work of this committee. Recently he completed the extraction of the Baptismal Register of the Parish of Laggan, 1774-1854, which had been begun by the writer and Lloyd C. Macpherson, our present Vice-Chairman and an ex-Chairman of the Canadian Branch. Currently, in semi-retirement, Fraser is culling interesting items from the Papers of the Forfeited Estate of Cluny, and much of his research has appeared in Creag Dhubh.

      Finally, some mention should be made of Fraser's interest in Scottish Country Dancing. He and his wife, with others of the East of Scotland Branch, were involved in the composition of the new strathspey, "The Macphersons of Edinburgh", and of "Lady Macpherson's Reel", in the early 1950s. He was instrumental in getting the strathspey presented on the Scottish programme of the BBC in 1953 and, in 1963, he persuaded the Association to sponsor a commercial record of both dances on a 10-inch L.P. record (Scottish Records 33102). This record featurcs William Macpherson, who is one of the leading exponents of Scottish fiddle music and who contributed two tunes of his own composition. The other tunes used are old strathspeys, for the selection of which Fraser was largely responsible.

      From this account of our ex-Secretary it is clear that he is an enthusiastic clansman. His replacement by John M. Barton, the young Edinburgh solicitor whom he regards as an ideal successor in this office, and his acceptance of an Honorary Vice-Presidency in the Association indicate that he now takes his place as one of our "elder statesmen", remaining active both in Edinburgh and in Badenoch and available to lend advice to the Clan Council.

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LET'S SPEAK GAELIC! (II)
by J. H. MACPHERSON

      Once again, in this last year, correspondence has come more plentifully to the Editor on the subject of Gaelic than on anything else. This has been enormously encouraging, as has also been the fact that very many Clansmen, writing to us at Clan House, have begun to use the Gaelic phrases that we introduced in 1964's CREAG DHUBH as suitable and customary for the beginnings and ends of letters.

      In continuing our Gaelic lessons -- if they may be classed as that -- we will follow the former plan of keeping off rules of grammar as far as is practicable, and of gradually building up a vocabulary of words and phrases that can be used in ordinary, day-to-day conversation.

      For those who missed the former articles, copies of CREAG DHUBH for 1964 and 1965 are still available on application to Clan House (price 5s., postage 6d.).

      The matters of the peculiarities of Gaelic spelling are fully dealt with in last year's article, so it is not proposed to use up space in repeating what has already been written. The only point to be made again is that Gaelic spelling, unlike English, is completely logical and follows a definite rule. Letters, after all, are no more than tools which are used for the work of conveying vocal sounds through a visual medium. The same "tools" are used in every Western European language, but in each language they are used slightly differently. The letters, as used in Gaelic, are closer akin to the Romance languages than they are to English usage. This must be remembered.

      Similarly, we have already summarised the phonetic method that we are using in translating Gaelic sound into an English equivalent. One caution only needs to be made now. These phonetic renderings are, naturally, no more than approximate. They will suffice, however. And if anyone should plead that the "English" rendering looks singularly unlike what the Gaelic spells, then they must be reminded that an English phrase written as it sounds, looks singularly unlike the same phrase when spelt out. Try saying, "What are you looking at?" and then write down exactly what you said in the way that you said it. It will probably come out something like, "Whaya luk'nat?" Fair enough? I think I've made my point!

      The use of the letter "H" in Gaelic spelling is also explained in full in the former article. No need to repeat that, either. Only it remains to remind you that "h" does not exist as a letter in the Gaelic alphabet. It is no more than a conventional sign, used to alter the sound of the letter that it follows.

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The Verb "To Be"
      We have learned that Tha, pronounced "ha", is the present tense of the verb meaning "to be". The past tense is Bha, pronounced "va".

      The dependent forms of the verb are Bheil ("vehl") in the present tense (sometimes, for euphony, Eil ("ehl")), and in the past it is Robh ("ro"). These forms are very useful and very important, because there is no single Gaelic word either for "Yes" or "No". A positive answer is given by repeating the verb of the question in the appropriate tense, using the first form of the verb. A negative answer uses the dependent form, with the word Cha in front of it. The question, too, uses the dependent form.

      The interrogative is prefixed with the little word An (sometimes Am, for easier pronunciation).       Let us summiarise thus far:

Tha mi, Tha thu, etc. Ha am, you are
Bha mi, Bha thu, etc. Va was, you were
Cha n'eil mi, etc. Ha nyehl I am not
Cha robh mi, etc. Ha ro I was not
Am bheil mi? etc. Am vehl mee Am I?
An robb mi? etc. An ro mee Was I?

      The hyphening of an English verb is shown in Gaelic by the word Ag ("ack") which is sometimes shortened to a simple A'. It is, in effect, no more than the old English a-going, a-journeying and so on. Not difficult!

      There are no separate words for "Yes" and "No" in Gaelic. Replies merely use the positive or negative form of the verb "to be".

Conversation
Am bheil an la fuar? Am vehl Is the day cold?
Cha n'eil Cha nyehl (It) is not. No.
Tha Ha (It) is. Yes.
Caite am bheil thu a' dol? Cah'tche . . a dohl    Where are you going?
Tha mi a'dol I am going
. . . dhachaidh Ghachy . . . home
. . . do'n bhaile Vahleh . . . to the town
An robb. thu sgith? Skee Were you tired?
Bha   (I) was. Yes.
Cha robh (I) was not. No.
Tha Mairi aig an taigh Ehk an tye Mary is at home (literally, "at the house")
Caite an robh i a'dol ? Where was she going?
Bha i a' dol do 'a sgoil Skol She was going to (the) school.

Exercises
      Gaelic to English; Read and translate --
      1. Tha am feasgar briagh. 2. An robh sibh sgith? 3. Cha robh.

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      4. Tha mi aig an taigh, agus tha Tain an seo cuideachd. 5. Tha mo cu mor. 6. Bha Mairi gle sgith. 7. Tha iad a' bruidhinn aig an taigh. 8. Seinn an duan seo. 9. Ciamar a tha thu? 10. Tha gu math, tapadh. Ciamar a tha thu. fhein? English to Gaelic;
      1. The evening is bright. 2. Were you tired? 3. (I) was not. No. 4. I am at the house, and Ian is here too. 5. My dog is big. 6. Mary was very tired. 7. They are talking at the house. 8. Sing this song. 9. How are you? 10. (I) am well, thank you. How are you yourself?

Vocabulary of New Words
Sgith skeeTired, weary
Taigh tye House
Cuideachd koo-jachk Also, too
Mo My
Cu koo Dog
Mor Large, big
Gle gleh Very
A'bruidhinna-broo'ing A-talking
Aig ehk At
Seinn shyng Sing
An duan an dooan The song
Seo sho (pronounce very short) This
Tapadh tahpugh Thank (you)
Thu fhein oo hayn You yourself
Similarly, Mi Fhein    mee hayn I myself, etc.
      With this, and with what you learned last year, you have already acquired quite sufficient words and phrases to be able to greet a person, to pass the time of day and even to hold a short conversation. It isn't hard -- really it isn't! Just keep pegging away and it gets even easier.

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LIEUTENANT MACPHERSON OF THE 45th

      Macphersons have served with distinction in all the Highland Regiments and in many Canadian units, too. It comes, however, somewhat as a surprise to find a Macpherson distinguishing himself as a subaltern in an English Regiment and this to such an extent, that nearly a century and a half later, he is still remembered in a regimental ceremony and is regarded as one of the Regiment's outstanding heroes.

      James Macpherson, youngest son of Lachlan of Ralia, was lieutenant in the 45th Foot (now the 1st Bn. The Sherwood Foresters) during the Peninsular War when the regiment formed a part of General Picton's 3rd Division during the attack on Badajoz -- stubbornly attacked and as stubbornly defended in what was the bloodiest of all engagements

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in that bloodiest of campaigns. A previous attempt upon the walls had been repulsed and a night attack was planned, to be led by the 45th. Scaling ladders were brought up and the first man to reach the parapets was Lieutenant Macpherson, closely followed by no less an officer than General Pakenham himself. At first the ladder was found to be too short and Macpherson called to the men below to raise it higher. Whilst he clung to the topmost rung, the ladder was lifted until it was almost vertical. Macpherson reached the walls and was just crossing them when he was shot at point-blank range. He hung on for a few moments, and then the whole ladder was thrown to the ground, broken and Macpherson was cast unconscious to the ground.

      Recovering himself, Macpherson raced to another ladder and, despite his wounds, climbed to the walls once again and made his way to the tower where the French tricolour was waving. He dealt effectively with the sentry who barred his way, hauled down the flag -- and found that he had no British flag to raise in its stead. He ripped off his scarlet tunic and hoisted that to the masthead as a sign that the capture was complete -- although fighting went on for some while afterwards. This is the action for which he is still remembered by the Sherwood Foresters who, every year on April 6, the anniversary of the engagement, hold a commemorative parade, the high-point of which is the hoisting of a scarlet tunic to the regimental flagstaff.

      James Macpherson retained the French flag and, on the following day, himself handed it over to Wellington who commended him highly and recommended his accelerated promotion. This he received and, in his later career, rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel commanding a Rifle Corps unit in the East Indies.

      James did not marry and therefore died without heir. It is notable, though, that an older brother, Ewan, also served in the East Indies and was a field officer of the 42nd Madras Infantry, from which he retired finally to return to Scotland, where lie bought the estate of Glentruim, and thus became the founder of that distinguished branch of the Clan in the ancient homeland of Badenoch.

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THE LOCH ARKAIG TREASURE
      The "treasure" reputed to lie still hidden in Loch Arkaig is a constant source of enquiry and surmise. A certain amount was, of course, recovered by Jacobite sympathisers and we know of the sums of money which was dispersed from it by, amongst others, our own Chief. People still debate, however, just how much was originally hidden and how much of that was recovered.

      One feels that those who still seek to find a cache of gold on Loch Arkaig-side are doomed to disappointment and that any belief that treasure still lies hidden there is due merely to wishful thinking. In support of this, we append a report from the Glasgow Courant No. 34, of 26th May to 2nd June 1746. This serves to show that a considerable amount was recovered by the Hanoverian troops, over and above that which was saved by the Jacobite supporters.

      The news-sheet reports that operations were being pursued following the Battle of Culloden and goes on to say, "We are also informed, that Intelligence being given, that a large quantity of Rebel's Effects were hid in some small Islands in Lochartick (sic) but that no Boats could be found to make Search; twelve Soldiers ventured to swim in, and returned with Account that they had found a great Deal . . . all of which have been brought out by a Boat which was found hid."

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THE CLAN MUSEUM
      Not the least of Clan Macpherson's claims to fame is that we are unique in owning, as a corporate body, part of our ancient homeland and also that we have established the Clan Museum which is the only example of its kind in Scotland. Its value, not only to the Clan but to the whole community, is shown by the steadily increasing flow of visitors who come here in every year; whilst our collection of historic relics continues to grow.

      The value of our collection cannot be estimated. The Black Charter, the James Macpherson Fiddle, the Cluny Epergne and the Green Banner are all unique and beyond price. We have, too, books whose market value is in hundreds of pounds; whilst the Chevalier Johnstone's Memoirs alone form an historic document of immeasurable value. The proper display of all these and of our other treasures is a matter for close consideration. No less important is the matter of their safe-custody.

Accommodation and Current Plans
      It is now fifteen years since the Association first entered into possession of the Clan House in Newtonmore. During that time our collections have grown and they continue to grow. The accommodation for all that we have has become increasingly inadequate, and steps must urgently be taken to increase the space available.

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      That this should be done -- and done urgently -- should be a matter for pride to all Macphersons. No other Clan can offer what we have. It is also something which we should undertake as a matter of duty and conscience, not only to ourselves and to those who will follow us, but to Scotland in general, to the Clan in particular and to all the community of those who, coming from all over the world to visit the homeland of the Macphersons, find here inspiration and an understanding of our history.

      The Council has given anxious thought to the problem. Anyone who has visited the Museum in recent years will appreciate how jumbled and congested are the exhibits. They will realise, too, how impossible it is to display them properly and adequately, and how vital it is that this should be done if they are to be shown at their true value. At present there just is not the space available in the House.

      It has been decided, therefore, immediately to launch an appeal for funds to begin the building of a proper Museum for the best possible display of the Clan relies and, at the same time, to allow for their secure keeping.

The Appeal
      At the request of the Council, Bailie Hugh Macpherson has kindly undertaken the task of raising the sum of �5,000 for the building of a proper Museum, together with an office and with all appertaining accommodation, in the extensive grounds which adjoin the Clan House. He will be laying his Appeal over as wide a field as is possible. The main responsibility, though, rests with us in the Clan -- and there is no doubting that we of Clan Mhuirich are sufficiently alive to our responsibilities to be able to raise the sum required amongst ourselves.

      Hugh's Appeal is enclosed in Creag Dhubh and it is hoped that as many as possible will respond to it and will continue to respond. It is hoped, too, that the Clan House Fund will be a principal object in all the activities of the Branches. Its urgency cannot too strongly be emphasised and stressed.

The Drumochter Room
      It is felt, and strongly felt, that it is only right and just that "Lord Tom", as we all knew him affectionately, should be remembered in the Association, permanently and in such a way as he would himself have liked. His enormous interest in the Association ran very deep indeed. His drive and initiative helped greatly to ensure that the Clan House and Museum was originally established. It has, therefore, been suggested that a room in the new Museum should be called "The Drumochter Room" and should be dedicated to his memory. This suggestion has been put to his family and has received their warm support, so the Council, in making a final approval, now ask the Clan and the Association to assist in making this tribute worthy of the man to whom we owe so much in so many ways.

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      All donations, either generally for the Museum or particularly for the Drumochter Room, will be acknowledged personally and will also (unless specifically requested by the donor) be listed yearly in the Journal.

      We rest assured that your response will be immediate and generous.

�1,000 to open the Fund
      Since the Journal was sent for printing we have received the encouraging news from Bailie Hugh Macpherson that the Fund has been opened with the extremely generous gift of �l,000 from Scottish and Newcastle Breweries, Limited, on behalf of their subsidiary, John E. McPherson & Sons, Ltd., sole proprietors of Macpherson's "Cluny" Scotch Whisky.

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THE CLAN RALLY 1965
      The 1965 Rally held in Badenoch on the weekend of 6th to 8th August, turned out to be one of the most successful for a number of years. All the functions were well attended and those present included Lady Stewart Macpherson, Lord Drumalbyn, Bailie Hugh Macpherson and A. Fraser Macpherson, Hon. Vice-Presidents of the Association.

      The festivities got off to a good start with a Reception in the Duke of Gordon Hotel by Allan G. Macpherson, Chairman of the Association, and Mrs. Macpherson. This was followed by a Ball to the music of the Badenoch Band within the ballroom of the hotel. The programme comprised an attractive blending of modern and Highland country dances and the evening was enjoyed by all those who were present.

       On the following morning, the Association held its Eighteenth Annual General Meeting within the Village Hall at Newtonmore. The Chairman particularly welcomed Judge Daniel A. Macpherson and his family of Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A., Father Joseph E. Macpherson of Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.A., and Erle E. Macpherson of Canberra, Australia. Lord Drumalbyn spoke of the loss of Lord Macpherson of Drumochter, the first Chairman of the Association, who had died earlier in the year, and the Meeting stood in silence for a minute in his memory. In his report as Chairman, Allan G. Macpherson intimated that Capt. James Macdonald, O.B.E., was resigning from the position of Curator at the end of 1965 for health reasons, and he expressed his appreciation for all that Capt. Macdonald had done for the Association. He also thanked Mrs. Ina Curley, Newtonmore, and Mrs. Elizabeth Macpherson, Kingussie, for attending the Museum during Capt. Macdonald's indisposition. The following Office-bearers were re-elected: Chairman, Allan G. Macpherson (Inverness); Vice-Chairman, Lloyd D. MacPherson (Canada); lion. Secretary, John M. Barton (Edinburgh); Hon. Secretary Depute and Editor, Chevr. J. Harvey Macpherson (Newtonmore); Hon. Treasurer, Kenneth N. McPherson (Edinburgh); Registrar, Miss Christine Macpherson (Kingussie).

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      On the Saturday afternoon, the members of the Association attended the Highland Games at Newtonmore. It was a glorious sunny day and a crowd of 4,000 watched more than thirty kilted Clansmen led by Allan G. Macpherson, Chairman of the Association and accompanied by the Band of the 4th/5th Battalion Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders T.A. marching from Old Ralia to the Eilan field. A. Fraser Macpherson, Edinburgh, who was Secretary of the Clan Macpherson Association for 15 years, was the Standard Bearer in the March, and he was supported by Sword Bearers, Douglas Cattanach of Kingussie and Nigel Macpherson of Llanbryde, Moray. The rear of the March was attended by Evan Cattanach and Hamish Macpherson of Kingussie. Upon reaching the Eilan, the marchers circled the field before being welcomed by Col. M. B. H. Ritchie of Glenborrodale, the Chieftain of the Games. The Association had its own Marquee at the Games and many clansmen and friends were welcomed there during the afternoon. A highlight of the Games was the annual hill race up Creag Dhubh which rises to 2,300 feet behind the field, the route being marked by white ponies from the stable of Mr. Cameron Ormiston. At the conclusion of the Games, Allan G. Macpherson presented a trophy on behalf of the Association to William Macdonald of Culloden for the most points in piping.

      More than 150 members and friends, and visitors to Newtonmore, attended a Ceilidh within the Drill Hall at Newtonmore in the evening. Bailie Hugh Macpherson was fear-an-tighe and presented a most enjoyable and varied selection of Gaelic and English songs, Highland music, dancing and piping. The singers included Ruth Macpherson Cameron of Glenshee, Catherine Hunter and Tom Cattanach from Newtonmore and Dorothy Cattanach of Kingussie.

      On the Sunday morning, members joined the congregation of Kingussie Parish Church. The Rev. Dr. John Macpherson of Daviot conducted the Service and the lessons were read by Allan G. Macpherson, the Chairman of the Association and, Judge Daniel A. Macpherson of New Mexico. Father Joseph E. McPherson offered Mass at the Holy Rosary and St. Columba's Roman Catholic Church in Kingussie.

      In the afternoon, at the kind invitation of Capt. P. Lindsay, a party of members visited Cluny Castle and had the privilege of being showed round the Castle by Captain Lindsay himself.

      And so ended another Rally.

* * *

      Some weeks after the Rally, a few members resident in Edinburgh were invited to a preview of a film featuring the Clan Macpherson. The film which is in colour and extends for about 15 minutes has been made by Mica Films. It begins with scenes from the March and Games at the 1963 Rally and goes on to feature the history, tradition and culture of the Clan. Various exhibits from the Museum are shown and

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the views of the countryside of Badenoch taken in the spring of the year are breathtaking. James Robertson Justice, the famous Scots actor, is the commentator. The film is one of a series on the Scottish Clans and has been made principally for overseas viewing. It is hoped that in due course all members will have an opportunity of seeing it.

_____________

THE 1966 RALLY
       The 1966 Rally will be held on the weekend of 5th to 7th August, 1966. It is intended that the Outing on the afternoon of the Saturday will again be a visit to the Newtonmore Highland Games which are being held on that day. The details of the other functions, which are to include a Ceilidh and a Highland Ball will be announced later.

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IMPRESSIONS OF THE 1965 CLAN MACPHERSON RALLY
by MARY MACPHERSON (aged 18)
University of New Mexico, U.S.A. (freshman)

      After having camped through Europe for three weeks, we were so surprised to see the great differences between Scotland and the Continent, not only in the land contrasts, but in the people themselves. We had become quite used to hearing car horns honking loudly at us as we'd change our minds in the middle of a turn - causing quite a confusion for us and the cars around. Unable to understand some of the European languages, we would become lost regularly and have to ask directions. We made very good use of gestures, but many times these too were to no avail! We were ready for the welcome change that Scotland had in store for us, but had no idea of the wonderful things that awaited us.

      The Scots can be summed up into four words: kind, helpful (very), sincere and generous. We didn't meet up with one Scot that we couldn't put into this category. The car horns ceased to blast and, since English is our own tongue, we ceased to become lost. (We did have one problem, however. Driving on the left side of the road with a right-hand steering wheel can be quite challenging. We left the driving to Mother). Our whole family agreed that no people begin to compare to you whom we met in Scotland.

      We loved the custom of the men dressing in kilts and are so happy to know that they are really used, not just for costumes. My sister and I decided that if ever our family moved to Scotland, the first thing we'd do would be to send Daddy and the boys to Hugh Macpherson's to buy kilts.

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      On our way to Kingussie we loved staying in the 'bed and breakfast' homes, for here we were able to get the true feeling of Scotland by meeting the owner and other guests, and getting to eat real Scots breakfasts. (Our first one was a real surprise -- a pleasant one, I might add!).       Our visit with the Clan will forever hold a place in our hearts. The Ball, the Games, the Ceilidh and the inspiring church service are events we shall never forget. We shall always be in hopes of returning some year and reliving them. Just before leaving we were able to buy Jimmy Shand's record of the dances we learned at the Ball. Listening to this record here in our home in New Mexico almost brings tears to our eyes.

      Most of all, however, we were struck by the sincerity of our long lost relatives, which made us fall more deeply in love with our ancient homeland.

* * *

by JAN MACPHERSON
University of New Mexico (senior year)
      "We couldn't belong to a better clan." This is what I thought after our wonderful weekend at Kingussie with our Clan Macpherson. Now that I'm back in New Mexico I miss the beautiful Highlands, the sound of bagpipes, the opportunity to dance with men dressed in kilts, and most of all being with such hospitable relatives who all bear the surname Macpherson. Our stay in Scotland was the first opportunity I have had to make friendships with other people whose name is Macpherson.

      I want to thank all of you for taking us into the clan so vigorously and with such enthusiasm. We will never forget the warmth with which we were met and we will try to carry on the traditions of the Clan Macpherson here in the New World.

* * *

by District Judge DANIEL A. MACPHERSON, Jr.
Box 488, Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A.
      Late in 1964 I happened to pick up a British Travel Association bulletin from a rack of free bulletins in the office of a local travel agency and under the topic "Some Annual Events in Scotland -- Summer 1965" found this item: "CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION: ANNUAL RALLY AND HIGHLAND GAMES, Newtonmore, Kingussie". This was my first knowledge that our Clan had an active Association and that annual rallies were held; in fact, that there were even the vestige of a Macpherson Clan still in existence!

      As a family, we had long planned to take one extensive trip before the girls graduated from college and, after learning of the proposed rally of our Clan, this appeared to furnish the necessary spark or inspiration for our trip. I directed a letter of inquiry to "Clan Macpherson Association, Kingussie" and promptly had a reply from Miss Christine

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Macpherson, Registrar, giving the dates of the 1965 Rally, the schedule of events, advising of the existence of the Macpherson Museum at Newtonmore, and enthusiastically inviting us to come to the Rally. This, as many of you know, we did -- all six of us -- and without hesitation I can say that never has any place in the world made the impact upon us that the Clan Macpherson did in such a relatively short time.

      We arrived in Kingussie on Friday, 6th August 1965, just as the church bells were tolling the hour of twelve noon. We departed on Sunday, 8th August, at one o'clock p.m., shortly after our impressive church services, thus spending only forty-nine hours in the ancient home of our ancestors. Your genuine and effusive reception of us, complete strangers to you prior to noon on 6th August, makes us all agree that, next to our New Mexico home, Scotland is the place closest to our hearts.

      Thanks go to John Barton, as efficient Secretary of the Clan Macpherson Association, in notifying the British Travel Associaiton early last year of this year's Rally. The accidental discovery of this resulted in the greatest vacation and trip we have ever had. You asked us to write something for the 1965 edition of Creag Dhubh. I trust this will serve as a word of sincere thanks and appreciation from our entire family. As we overheard someone say, "It is wonderful to be a Macpherson in Kingussie". Truer words were never uttered! Come see us here in the great Southwest. We do indeed now have a branch of the St. Andrews Society, and hope before long to have a branch of the Clan Macpherson.

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REPORTS FROM THE BRANCHES

NOT INCLUDED

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THE EDINBURGH BRANCH OF THE CLAN CHATTAN ASSOCIATION

NOT INCLUDED

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GATHERING OFF THE CLANS -- INVERNESS 1966
NOT INCLUDED

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TWO BROTHERS

      We congratulate two of the notable Stewart Macpherson family on their further achievements.

      Lieut. Colonel R. T. S. Macpherson, M.C., T.D. ("Tommy") commands the London Scottish (T.A.) and, this year, his Battalion has won the magnificent Burberry Trophy which is presented annually for competition amongst the Territorial Units in the London area. He received it from the hands of Lord Mancroft in October 1965.

      Lord Drumalbyn, his brother, has succeeded Professor Sir Arnold Plant as Chairman of the Advertising Standards Authority. As Niall Macpherson he was Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade and in that capacity he took a high part in the discussions which led to the establishment of the authority which he now leads.

_____________

ANGUS DISTINGUISHES HIMSELF AGAIN!
      Angus Macpherson, one of the oldest members in the Clan Association, remains perennially young. He has, once again, brought renown to the Clan and to the great piping family of Calum Piobaire. This he has achieved by winning the BBC's new competition in piobaireachd composition. He achieved his victory over some of the most notable pipers in the world, including Hector MacLean (Glasgow), and Pipemajors Robertson (Auckland) and John MacLellan (Army School of Piping, Edinburgh Castle).

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      The Editor had the delight of a telephone conversation with Angus at Christmas time, when he was very kindly permitted to join in a talk between Angus and his niece, Flora Cattanach of the Glen Hotel in Newtonmore. It was a joy to hear his voice again -- at the age of 88, still as strong and still as full of humorous quirk as ever it was. And this delightful impression has recently been still better emphasised and confirmed by listening to Angus in a long programme of reminiscence which was broadcast by the BBC.

      It is saddening to realise just how few people, even in the Highlands, today appreciate piobreachd music. The Reid Professor of Music, the late Sir Donald Francis Tovey, himself an Englishman, once described this form of composition as being possibly the highest achievement in music. The playing may take anything up to half-an-hour, the composition is divided into several movements, it is bound and circumscribed by extremely strict rules and, within those bonds, it can express the full gamut of human emotions; in joy, in sadness, in triumph and in defeat, in realism of imitative sound and in an expression of personal feeling which can only be compared to modern art in its most advanced form. All this within a scale of nine notes only!

      Neil Munro wrote, "To the make of a piper go seven years of his own learning and seven generations before. If it is in, it will out, as the Gaelic old-word says." This is as true today as ever it was, and Angus goes far to prove it so. He has the generations of pipers -- and notable pipers they have been -- behind him. He has the seven years, now multiplied more than elevenfold. The music is in him, and we know how it stems outward from him. We in the Clan Association may well be proud to hail Angus, for so many years our Senior Piper, as a man not without honour who has brought a new and outstanding reputation to his own name and, through this, to all of the name of Macpherson.

      It is good to know that the piping tradition still continues amongst the descendents of Calum. Angus' great-nephew, Brian Stewart, is a piper in the making - no less skilled on the chanter than he is with the caman in the Newtonmore Shinty Team.

_____________

REVIEWS
CLANN CHATAIN
      Clann Chatain for 1965 brings again a breath of Highland air which is as fresh as it is welcome. The Editor of our sister-journal follows no fixed path but, as always, provides a delightful and fascinating amalgam of ancient and modern, of history and legend, and of home and abroad. Topics range from Tordarroch's wide view of the Scottish scene to a most scholarly account of the Noble family who emigrated to the Americas prior to 1763; from a detailed account of the Ninety

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Days which elapsed between the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden in 1746, this from the Editor's own pen, to Meta MacBean's account of her visit to Cape Breton; and there is, moreover, a great amount of space devoted to Clan Macpherson's contribution to the life of Clan Chattan.

      Archie Macpherson is "starred" over several interesting pages and deservedly so, for he is the current Chairman of the Clan Chattan Association; our Rally is reported at length, the two principal branches of Clan Chattan are united in a fine portrait of Brigadier General William Macpherson McIntosh who was killed in the American Civil War, and an article is devoted to "Dr. Cluny", the Grand Old Man of our Association and especially of the Canadian Branch, and his invention of the first practical gas-mask in 1915. A final note -- there is one thing which will delight every Member of Clan Macpherson -- a most charming photograph of Lady Helen Stewart Macpherson who, beyond all others, is beloved and respected in all Clan Chattan and particularly within the Clan Macpherson.

      We have nothing but praise to offer to Clann Chatain -- once again it brings us a model of all that a Clan Journal should be.
                                                                                                                                    J. H. M.

INDEPENDENT SCOTLAND
      The close of the 13th century saw Scotland in a position which can hardly now be visualised by those who regard the Northern Kingdom as a mere appanage of England. She was far more a Continental country than an island nation. Her trade was extensive and the North Sea was her main highway to the great cities of the Hanse, to Flanders, Cologne, to France and to Norway. Royal marriages had strengthened her attachment to Europe by adding political links to the strong commercial ties which already existed. England, at the same period, was more selfsufficient and more self-contained. Her continental adventures were less those of peaceful trading then of lingering feudal ties which led to wars of naked aggression.

      In contrast with her strong bonds with Europe, Scotland's relations with England were political for the main part and were maintained on a wise basis of regard for the military might of her powerful neighbour. Her independence was notable and was given full and strong voice when Alexander III gave homage to Edward I of England for those lands which he held in England, and when challenged stated proudly, "No one has a right to homage for my kingdom of Scotland save God alone, and I hold it only of God."

      Such was the position of Scotland in her golden age, which was brought to a sudden and untimely end by the accidental death of Alexander III -- a tragedy from which, it is fair to state, the country never fully recovered and from which she suffers even today.

      Professor Barrow, in a new book, shows how the inherent stability of the realm survived even the death of the King, the death of the heiress (the unfortunate "Maid of Norroway") and the inter-regnum which would have completely shattered any normally feudal kingdom of the period and would have given it over to anarchy.* The Kingdom was disputed by a number of claimants who, in England, would indubitably have argued their claims by the sword. In Scotland, however, an interim government was immediately established under Guardians who ruled in substitute for the King and in the name of the Community of the realm of Scotland. That the Guardians were so able to rule is proof of the force which lay in the King's title "of Scots" and not "of Scotland", for the royal sway in Scotland was held over a free nation which was in no way to be confused with feudal serfdom.

________

*Robert Bruce. G. W. S. Barrow (Eyre & Spottiswoode. 50s.)

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      Professor Barrow tells a fascinating tale of how Edward I of England, called in to act as umpire between the royal aspirants, subverted his office to his own interest, whilst at the same time he shows us a new picture of the much-maligned King John (Balliol) who was indubitably the man with the strongest claim and whose elevation to the throne was, without doubt, the correct choice.

      What could not have been foreseen by the realm was the vacillation and weakness that Balliol was later to display in face of the strong pressures, physical and moral, that Edward brought to bear on him, to which he yielded supinely after an unconvincing, early show of independence, earning himself the derisive title of "Toom Tabard" (Empty Surcoat) and bringing Scotland under the English military subjection from which she was only rescued by Wallace's almost incredible exploits and the, re-establishment of Guardians. Even so, Scotland remained militarily at the mercy of England until Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick and grandson of Balliol's strongest competitor amongst the original Claimants, re-aroused the nation and won his deciding victory at Bannockburn.

       This new account of Robert I is told in fine detail and is extremely well documented, with a wealth of sources that have been untapped or else insufficiently regarded by previous historians. The reader is, however, left with several questions in mind which Professor Barrow does not answer -- in fact, several of the questions arise from his writing.

      One is puzzled to find Barbour hailed in one place as being reliable (as he was) and of clear authority as the nearest contemporary source for much of our information and yet to find that his account of Bannockburn, reconstructed by Mackenzie, is rejected. It is hard, too, to reconcile the writer's repeated declarations in favour of the Scottish nobility with his even more definite examples of their vacillating and self-seeking opportunism -- and even Robert himself provided no exception to this until his die had been cast finally and irrevocably.

Outstandingly clear in this account is the fact that Scotland had given birth to a new social phenomenon, unexpected and unprecedented in mediaeval life. This was the emergence of a new, dominant middle class. It may well have been what is nowadays termed an upper middle class -- but its identity is evident. This was the true essence of the communitas regni Scotie, and this alone gave the strength which permitted the country to survive in spirit and to re-arise from subjection.

      The book is, perhaps, somewhat uncritical of King Robert in his personal character -- insofar as contemporary sources allow us to judge of him. The writer sees him, correctly, as a very great monarch, but lays insufficient stress upon his undoubted failings. His future course was set as a result of sacriligious murder. He was an energetic begetter of illegitimate offspring. Almost ignored is his harrying of Aberdeenshire, "the herschip, of Buchan", which, for sheer, brutal callousness has few equals in history. These, however, are matters which may well be raised in another edition of Robert Bruce which, one feels, will undoubtedly be called for.

      Professor Barrow has given us a book which will stand for a long while and which adds greatly to our knowledge and appreciation of a period in history which has been written over, sentimentalised over and romanticised over -- all these with a clouding effect. He has thrown much light into dark places. This book is not, by any means, the last word on the subject of King Robert I. Future historians of the period, though, will have very real cause to owe gratitude to Professor Barrow for all that he has set before them and for opening new and revealing paths for future research.

                                                                                                                                    J. H. M.

.

BURNSIANA
      Two books have recently been published on the subject of Robert Burns, and seldom can any two works have been so different both in content and in value.

      The first, calling itself The Merry Muses of Caledonia, is quickly dismissed. It proclaims itself to be a collection of bawdy folksongs, and it is no more than that.

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The verses it contains are unredeemed by any wit -- and it is wit alone which can justify bawdiness -- while the whole is made nauseating by the editor's justification of its production, in which he goes far beyond the crudity of the verses and excuses the inexcusable under a veil of slime and a purport of scholarship. "It's an ill bird that fyles its ain nest" as the old Scots proverb insists. The producers of this book have done just that and have rendered no service either to Scotland or to Scottish letters. They have cheapened and defiled both.

      It is satisfactory to turn to another book, also dealing with Robert Burns and his work, and doing so in a very different manner. With all that has been written on the subject, it might have been thought that a new angle of writing was impossible. Ian Nimmo, the editor of the Weekly Scotsman, has shown that this is not so. His book, Robert Burns, glosses over nothing, provides no extreme view of heavy scholarship nor of sentimental bardolatry, and succeeds in giving us one of the finest pictures of Burns and his times that has yet been provided. The scenes of Burns' life are joined with the work that was inspired by those scenes. An unusual chapter provides suggestions for the celebration of Burns' Nicht which may well give a turning-point to the somewhat unsavoury mixter-maxter of ill-informed manners which frequently accompany these functions. The book is finely illustrated in picture and, surprisingly and effectively, by a gramopbone record of the 1965 Burns Supper of the Edinburgh Ayrshire Association.

      This is a book which fulfils a very real need. It is scholarly and yet in no way dry. It is readable -- very readable -- and loses no whit of its erudition thereby. Few books on the subject can ever have been written which are so eminently satisfying.

The Merry Muses of Caledonia. Edited by James Barke and Sydney Goodsir Smith (W. H. Allen. 30s.)

Robert Burns. Ian Nimmo (Record Book Ltd., in association with the Weekly Scotsman.)

CLAN MACKAY
      The 1965 Creag Dhubh contained a review of Ian Grimble's The Trial of Patrick Sellar which contained a detailed account of all that happened in Sutherland at the time of the Clearances. Ian Grimble has now published a sequel Chief of Mackay in which he tells of some of the early history of that County and its inhabitants with particular reference to the Mackays of Strathnaver.

      In the 16th and 17th centuries, about which the book is concerned, the Mackay country extended across the whole of the north west of Sutherland from Assynt round the coast to the boundary with Caithness. Although this is one of the more remote parts of Scotland the Mackays managed to take an active part in Scottish affairs and they fought at Flodden and in the war which preceded the overthrow of Charles I. They also found time to participate in the Thirty Years War and other campaigns in Europe. In 1688 General Hugh Mackay of Scourie was at the head of the Scots Brigade in Holland. He declined to obey the orders of James VII and remained in Holland until October of that year, when he sailed with William of Orange, commanding the English and Scottish troops who secured his succession as William III.

      At home, the Mackays had the same problems as other Clans. They were heavily in debt, and this tended to aggravate their relations with their neighbours particularly the Sinclairs, Earls of Caithness and the Gordons, Earls of Sutherland. Like the Cluny Macphersons, the Chiefs of the Clan Mackay were feudal vassals and this enabled the superiors, the Earls of Sutherland to exert a dominating influence in Strathnaver.

      Ian Grimble has not written the complete story of the Clan Mackay in that there are few references as to what went on within the Clan and there is nothing of human interest such as [one] would expect in a full history. The book is an account of the external affairs of the Clan; and the interest lies in the fact that these affairs may have been typical of many other Scottish Clans during the period.

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      Ian Grimble is a professional historian and this comes out clearly from his dry factual style. All his information is authenticated and there is a complete index -- which is essential in a work of this kind. Anyone who is interested in the Highlands will find Ian Grimble's latest book worthy of much study, for it demonstrates the extent by which the influence and military strength of a Scottish Clan penetrated outwith its own territory even into England and the Continent of Europe prior to the Union in 1707.
                                                                                                     J.M.B.

Chief of Mackay. Ian Grimble (Routledge & Kegan Paul. 30s.)

SCOTTISH GRAMOPHONE RECORDS
      Scotland has a heritage of music and poetry which is, perhaps, unrivalled in all Europe. It has been kept as a living and integral part of the nation's everyday surroundings, and its transmission has, to a great extent, been free from the twin horrors of "cult" and of "folksy revival", both of which have left English song and dance with taints of artificialism and of corruption through American influence.

      There was a time -- and it was not so very long ago, when our dances seemed in danger of being lost or, at the very most, limited to one or two which were performed in a wild and almost hysterical manner of which the best description is, "Heuch! Swing like hell -- and be-dam'd to your partner!" The Royal Scottish Country Dance Society arrived in time to save us from disaster, and Scottish dances are now a regular feature of functions all over the country -- and not limited to the homeland, either -- danced as they should be, with grace and pleasure. And they lose nothing of their energy and verve through being properly danced. It is this which makes it the sadder to see the screaming and yelling ideas perpetuated in such widely distributed programmes as "Heather Mixture", whose influence appears to have gone far to infect the various manufacturers of gramophone records so that many of their recent productions are either unfit for dancing (through faulty repeats or bad timing) or else give the idea that our Scottish dances are limited to no more than 'The Gay Gordons', 'Waltz Country Dance' and the Eightsome Reel. A number such have arrived for review, and it is not proposed to mention any of them. They are inter-changeable, they are recorded in various styles and none of them contribute anything to Scotland's tradition.

      If these were the only Scottish records being produced, the picture would indeed be gloomy. We have, however, seen a splendid series of new records in recent years, drawing splendidly upon the true national heritage and presenting it excellently. Sometimes their presentation is coloured by modern methods of "putting it over", but they are none the worse of that, for this only goes to prove that their continuance is part of the living scene. They are not corrupted but merely kept up-to-date.

      'Clever' people see fit to jeer at Sir Harry Lauder. He, however, tapped a vein of Scottish humour and of pathos, too, which was completely authentic even though sometimes cheapened by incongruous patter. The measure of his greatness and of his faithfulness to the national style of song is shown by the fact that, alone amongst composers, he saw his songs widely accepted as being traditional within his own lifetime.

      Harry Lauder's mantle has descended to his successors, and we can be grateful for that fact. We can be still more grateful to know that his followers have not tried slavishly to imitate him but have developed his work in their own way, each adding something personal to what has gone before and all contributing splendidly to giving a true, though gently satirical picture of the real Scotland. Duncan Macrae is notable, and Alex. Mackenzie, who skippered the puffer Maggie in the film, follows not far behind. It has been delightful to welcome these two together, with a Supporting company of Roddy Macmillan (The Mate), John Grieve (the Cook) and George Hill, all aboard a puffer for a Highland Voyage. Their new record is outstanding and presents a happy and authentic little caricature of West Highland sailor-life with which even the most perfervid Scots Nationalist will fail to find

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offensive. The key-note is set in the opening chorus, "We're no goin' tae blaw, and we're no going' tae craw and we don't want tae injure your feelin'." Satire and quiet mockery is mingled with lyrical verse. One song in particular is going to become a minor classic --

"The Crinan Canal for me! I don't like the wild raging sea The big foaming breakers would give me the shakers . . ."

Outrageous rhymes, catchy tunes, humor and an authentic atmosphere. This record has them all.

      Another recent production comes appositely, after Richard Dimbleby's implied sneer at the Scots poetry of Burns. The high heid yins of the BBC can be relied upon to fall over backwards in their attempts to enunciate correctly in French, German or Italian. It seems too much to expect them to give the same courtesy to Scots. Of course they are not alone in this. How In much of Burns have we heard mangled and corrupted in the annual junkettings at the end of January? To all this we have been provided with an admirable corrective which is long overdue . Before his death, Harold Wightman made an extensive recording of Burns' poems and these are now presented to us in A Recorded Anthology of Scollish Verse.

      Mr. Wightman never declaims, he tells the tale of Burns' genius in a quiet and unobtrusive manner and his tongue is the authentic tongue of his native Ayrshire. Tam o' Shanter has never been better told. Holy Willie's Prayer is magnificent in its snivelling hypocrisy. Nine other of Bruns' works are given, and in only once instance can one make the smallest criticism -- Willie Wastle is, surely, not a poem of mockery but is one of the bitterest hatred. This, however, is no more than a minor cavil at what is an outstanding record, and a valuable one too.

      For connoisseurs and for lovers of lilting Scots music, played as it should be, Scottish Violin Music played by Hector MacAndrew provides a rare treat. A few of us have been privileged to hear George Harvey Webb play Neil Gow's music in the master's own style and on Gow's own fiddle. We may have thought that he was inimitable. Here, however, is yet another artist playing in the traditional manner, having learned his art by direct, family tuition going back to Neil Gow himself. Notable is his playing of the slow strathspeys which. are so seldom heard and which have a beauty which is unique and a rhythm which is peculiar to Scotland, occurring in the national music of no other nation. In this record the fiddle music is assisted throughout by in excellent piano accompaniment which never leaves its purpose to become obtrusive but provides a quiet and helpful background.

      A new record of Jeannie Robertson is always an event. She is unique -- and she is perfect in her own field. Her latest recording is accompanied by a sheet of notes on the songs, written by Hamish Henderson of the School of Scottish Studies at Edinburgh University. This is a valuable help to the listener and to the student could wish that other producers of similar records would follow this custom.

Records Reviewed:
Highland Voyage. Scottish Records. SR 33120. (12" L.P.)
Tam o' Shanter and Other Poems, Scottish Records. 33 SR 124. (12" L.P.)
Scottish Violin Music -- Vol, III ." Waverley. ZLP 2045. (12" L.P.)
Jeanine Robertson. Topic. 10T52 (10" L.P.)

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

THE POETRY OF BADENOCH

SIR,
      I have an idea which I feel the Clan Macpherson might well adopt. This is the bringing out, again into print, of the Rev. Dr. T. Sinton's book, The Poetry of Badenoch, which was first published in Inverness in 1906.

      I make this suggestion because this is a collection of the poetry of our Gaelicspeaking ancestors, and we Macphersons have a duty to foster the culture of our homeland -- Badenoch.

      I have made enquiries and find that educational trusts and bodies are nowadays more amenable to advancing money for the printing of books of Gaelic culture and ever they have been in the past, and if they are approached they may well advance every penny of the cost, which might not be so high if the publishers still have the plates, or if the photo-printing technique is used -- as is now normal in preparing second editions.

Yours etc.
                                                                                                            ARCHY MACPHERSON.
9 Burns Road, Glenrothes, Fife.
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BADENOCH TO FRANCE -- AND TO AUSTRALIA
(NOTE -- This most interesting account of an Australian family of Macphersons is very welcome. It will serve to fill several gaps in our knowledge of the Clan, even so far back as the days immediately following the '45. It may even give an indication of who was the mysterious "Lady Jeanne Macpherson" (CREAG DHUBH 1954) -- but that will have to be investigated. The Editor very much hopes that this letter will inspire other Clansfolk to send similar accounts of their families. Such information is of enormous value in building up records of the Clan in its dispersal.) SIR,
      My late father, Edward John Macpherson, was the son of William Polson Macpherson, and was born in Maybole, Ayrshire, on 19th July, 1882. He gave me a copy of a family tree which begins with an Angus Macpherson, b. 1689 in Badenoch, d. 1754 in France. He is mentioned in the tree as "cousin to Cluny of the '45 and took part in the revolutions (sic) of '15 and '45".

      His son was Ewen or Ian Macpherson, b. 1736 in Badenoch, d. in Badenoch 1794. His eighth child, Angus, b. 1778 in Badenoch, d. 1845 at Montrose, retired as Sergeant-Major of the 42nd Black Watch and married twice.

       His second wife, Elizabeth Hume, had a fourth child, John, b. 1820 at Arbroath, d. 1879 in Glasgow, who was my own great-grandfather, being the father of the William Polson Macpherson, b. 1852 in Montrose, who came to Australia in 1883.

      I wonder if there is any information available about the first-mentioned Angus.

      I have been a Life-Member of the Association since 1959. I am Headmaster of Woodville High School of 1,700 pupils.

      My brother, Wallace, was a Captain in an Infantry Battalion of the A.I.F., serving in the Middle East, New Guinea and Borneo, during the campaigns of World War II. I served in the same areas in another Infantry Battalion and was with the Eighth Army at El Alamein. My brother is President of the South Australia Lawn Tennis Association and is one of the three Australian Davis Cup Selectors. He is also an official of the S.A. Housing Trust.

Yours etc.
                                                                                                                  REGINALD MURRAY MACPHERSON.
17 Garwood Street, Hawthorn, S. Australia.

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ANOTHER BLACK CHANTER
SIR,
      The President of the Clan Mackenzie, during research into his Clan's history, has found some interesting information regarding the Feadan Dubh or Black Chanter of Kintail, which was an ancient Seaforth heirloom.

      The original chanter was added to, over the years, and was eventually incorporated into a full set of pipes which, for a short time in May 1894, passed into the hands of Mr. Medlock, a jeweller in Bridge Street, Inverness. He offered to show the pipes to any interested person.

      The chanter and the pipes have now disappeared, and any information regarding their present whereabouts is urgently sought. It will be very much appreciated if anyone who can give any news of them will, please, communicate with the President of the Clan Mackenzie Society (Edinburgh), Mr. Peter Mackenzie, I Downie Place, Portobello, Edinburgh.

Yours etc.
                                                                                                                  R. MACDONALD ROBERTSON.
"Straloch", 14 Comely Bank Terrace, Edinburgh, 4.

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THE CATTANACHS
from Lieut. Colonel A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L.
Senior Chieftain in the Clan
SIR,
      A recent publication has described the Cattanachs as "not having a Chief or Clan Organisation of their own" being followers of Cluny Macpherson. This statement is completely erroneous and must be corrected, for the matter is of great importance to Clan Macpherson and also to Clan Chattan in general.

      The name Cattanach, i.e. Catan-ach, the Catan One, is the oldest and probably the original name of the Old Clan Chattan. The Cattanachs are the only members of that body who have preserved the ancient name.

      Macpherson is merely an occupational name meaning "Son of the Parson". It is not the original name of the Clan. The Parson concerned was Muriach from whose name derives the Gaelic form of the surname which is Clan Mhurich, an appellation which conceals the fact that Muriach was himself a Cattanach, being a great-grandson of Gillechattan Mor. Muriach was, of course, the Fourth Chief of the Old Clan Chattan.

      From this it follows that all Macphersons are actually Cattanachs. Cluny Macpherson could equally well be designated Cluny Cattanach. So far from the Cattanachs having neither Chief nor Clan Organisation, Cluny is in fact the undisputed Chief of their race. The Cattanachs maintain, as they have always maintained, "Cluny is of us and always was". This claim is correct as also is their boast that they are Clan Chattan.

      Cattanachs and Macphersons are one and the same stock. We who bear the surname of Macpherson count every Cattanach as being our very selves.

      I accordingly sign myself by our ancient name.

Yours etc.

ALEXANDER K. CATTANACH OF PITMAIN,

Senior Chieftain in the Clan.

GENEALOGY AND MSS
SIR,
      I am making a study of the political careers of James "Ossian" Macpherson and Sir John Macpherson, Bart., the Governor-General of India. I will be very grateful for advice on the latter's pedigree.

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      I have, as you know, nearly all the Gaelic correspondence between these two men, and much of this contains valuable genealogical information; but I need an expert on Macpherson genealogy, a real enthusiast, to help me fit names into the lineage jig-saw puzzle.

      My works on the Macphersons will be the first published under the exacting standards of British history faculties, and nothing will be included that cannot be proved or double-checked from original MSS. In this matter I am anxious to discover the whereabouts of the Brewster-Macpherson (also known as the Belleville or Balavil) MSS.

Yours etc.

JAMES MACLEAN OF GLENSANDA, YGR
FORT WILLIAM TO CANADA

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SIR,
      My interest in Scotland is such that I have finally found the courage to write to you; for, while reading Creag Dhubh -- which I do with such great interest and, I must confess, with no small amount of sentiment -- I have incurred a great urge to trace and build upon my links with Scotland.

      My great-great grandfather was born at Fort William in 1753 and came to the Americas at an early age. He went first to Philadelphia but, according to your family tradition, he had no desire to become a "Yankee" and so moved to Canada, where he married Mary Kelly and bought Crane Island on the St. Lawrence. This island had formerly been the property of the Le Moyne family, of Canadian history, and from them he received the full seignorial rights which his son inherited from him.

       This son, named John, had only daughters by his marriage and one of them was mother of the great and noted Canadian writer, Sir James Macpherson le Moyne.

      I have written to you to congratulate you and to compliment you on your editing of Creag Dhubh and also in the hope that you may, perhaps, be able to obtain some information regarding Daniel Macpherson -- my great-great grandfather from Fort William. Are there, perhaps, some of the family still living in Scotland?

Yours etc.

PHYLLIS MACPHERSON HARDY.

126 Fairview , Dollard des Ormeaux, P. Q., Canada.

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THE CLAN IN NEW ZEALAND
SIR,
      I look forward with great anticipation to the next issue of Creag Dhubh. Of course I am delighted that you have found my efforts worth publishing.

      The history of the Clan in New Zealand has, as you said, only begun to be recorded. Otago (Dunedin) Province has many families of note whose histories would make interesting reading. One family was directly connected with the shipping of the first cargo of frozen mutton to Britain in 1888. Then there was the Chinaman, Charlie McPherson, who was a goldminer. Again, there were Big McP and Wee McPhee -- a couple of real characters who were well-known in the goldfields of central Otago. In the North Island there was a Rev. Hugh MacPherson, a Maori parson.

      The Clan in New Zealand can number one or two bonnie fechters amongst its members -- my father is one of them! The sort who feel that they're being insulted and end up by flattening a man who is quite a deal bigger than themselves.

       I especially enjoyed the ceilidh at the Clan Rally. The Gaelic songs and their singers were really great!

Yours etc
.

MALCOLM J. MCPHERSON

c/o New Zealand House, Haymarket, London. EDITOR's NOTE -- Malcolm McPherson was the writer of the letters from which the article on Macphersons and Gillies Families in New Zealand was compiled in the last

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issue of the Journal. We hope that he, or some other New Zealand Clansman, it will follow up the interesting and fascinating "headlines" in this most recent letter. Many Macphersons, attending the Clan Chattan Rally in 1964, must secretly have envied the Mackintoshes their colorful Red Indian Chief. A Chinaman and a Maori parson amongst our own Clansmen is exciting news. May we hope to hear more, both of these and of other Macphersons in New Zealand, please?

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SIR CLANCY MACPHERSON SIR,
        I am in the process of compiling a history of the Macpherson family in Canada and America. I have been told that our line is descended in an unbroken lineage from Sir Clancy Macpherson. I have tried to find a Clancy Macpherson in the references here, but have been unsuccessful.

        Is there any way you can help me find the connecting link between Scotland and here?

        The earliest McPherson (Macpherson) we can find here is Duncan McPherson, born about 1828. His father may have been Malcolm McPherson.

Yours etc
.

RUTH MCPHERSON.

122 N. Hamilton Road, Columbus 13, Ohio, U.S.A.

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PEN-FRIEND WANTED
SIR,
        I would like to write to a Macpherson in Scotland and in Australia who is seventeen or eighteen years old, either a boy or a girl. Could you please arrange for a Clan member in each of these countries to write to me? This would help me to get better acquainted with more of the Members.

Yours etc.

(Miss) DIANNE MCPHERSON,

General Delivery, Collingwood, Ontario, Canada. This is an admirable suggestion, we feel, and much to be encouraged. It is hoped that some of the rising generation of Macphersons will accept Dianne's invitation to start a correspondence, and we will be very glad indeed to print any further, similar requests in future issues of CREAG DHUBH. -- EDITOR.
____________

OBITUARY
EWEN GEORGE MACPHERSON OF CLUNY
XXIVTH CHIEF OF MACPHERSON
        Ewen George succeeded his uncle, Albert Cameron (XXIIIrd Chief), in 1934, when the latter died without heir-male.

        He was educated in the United Kingdom and had intended to follow a military career. He failed, however, to obtain an entrance to Sandhurst and emigrated to Australia, where he followed an adventurous career in hunting, horse-breaking and cattle raising. He is reputed to have been an excellent boxer in his younger days.       During the Great War he served as a trooper in the Royal Scots Greys, refusing a Commission. In the Second War he was amongst the first Australians to volunteer for service overseas, but was prevented from doing so through severe wounds that he had received in the former war. He was eventually posted for Home Defence in Australia with the 4th Garrison Battalion of the Royal Australian Artillery.

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          Ewen George may be described as the Chief whom few knew. Distance and other obstructions prevented him from ever entering into the full life of the Clan, though his interest was maintained throughout his time as Chief, as was evinced by the constant telegrams and letters which came to the Association on all occasions of note.

      The Association was represented at his funeral, and we join with all Clansmen and Clanswomen of Macpherson in sending our deepest sympathy to his widow, Rhoda Scrutton, and to his daughters in Australia.

FRANCIS CAMERON MACPHERSON OF CLUNY
XXVTH CHIEF OF MACPHERSON
      All Clan Macpherson and all Clan Chattan mourn deeply the tragic loss of our XXVth Chief, Francis Cameron Macpherson of Cluny, who died at his home in the early hours of New Year's Day. Our loss is the greater because in Cameron we found ourselves, for the first time since the founding of the Clan Association, with a Chief who not only lived in the United Kingdom but who was known to many of us and who was loved and respected by all who knew him. His passing is made the more poignant because it took place so few weeks after he had entered into his heritage as Chief of the Clan, following so long a time as Tanistair of the XXIVth Chief of Cluny.

      We have lost one who would, without any possible doubt, have been one of our great Chiefs. We of the Clan's Executive know this, probably, more certainly than others in the Clan for his letters, his telephone calls and his conversations all showed how deep and how sincere was his joy and pride in his high position. They showed, too, how firm was his resolve to do all in his power to further the life of the Clan in all its wide aspects. To his position of Chief he brought a modesty and a humility which were completely typical of his gentleness -- a gentleness that showed itself in his pursuit of rose-growing, which is surely the gentlest and the most lovable of all occupations.

      His career was not without quiet distinction, for he held high ideas and ideals in regard to farming and co-operation on the land, and as a practical farmer his influence was great amongst those who seek to maintain our agricultural heritage, upon which our national greatness is built and upon which it still depends to a great extent. As a soldier he served with the Royal Artillery from 1939 until the end of the War, and all who served with him remember him -- just as we do -- notably for his kindness and his humanity.

      To his widow and his three daughters we send our deepest sympathy. There is no-one of Clan Macpherson, whether knowing him by repute, by occasional meeting or by closer links, who does not share in their loss. Such was his personality that we feel, each one of us, that we have lost not only a Chief but a personal friend.

      Cluny's funeral, which was private, was attended by the Chairman of the Association who laid a wreath on our behalf.

The Rt. Hon. LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER
      "Lord Tom" has died at the age of 76, and the Clan Association has lost a founder, its first Chairman and the man who, above all others, gave the inspiration and the drive which brought it to success and to its present high standing. His passing has left a gap which nobody can fill and there is no-one amongst us who does not mourn him, not only as a great figure but, even more, as a personal friend. The personal touch which makes this so was something that was uniquely his. He never stood on a pedestal. He never condescended. His interests and enthusiasms were wide and deep, but he could always find time to join actively in the interests and enthusiasms of others. This, perhaps, was the keynote in his relations with us in the Clan Association -- his ready delight in sharing all things and everything with each and everyone of us who had the privilege and the joy of meeting him.

       Those of us who worked with him in the Association, during his chairmanship, are aware of the energy and attention to detail which he showed. He was an ideal Chairman to work under, always keeping a grip on what was going on and never

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allowing matters to slide to a standstill. The voluminous files of correspondence during that period are evidence of the amount of organising work that was accomplished under his inspiration and drive.

       Tom Macpherson's career began at the age of 14, when he left school in Glasgow and commenced work as a vanman in his father's bakery. Later he spent some years with an importing firm in the Second City and, when still in his twenties, he travelled southwards along the Scotsman's traditional road to success, passing from Manchester to London, where he established his own business. His drive, his ambition and his acumen resulted in Macpherson, Train & Company, Limited becoming one of the largest and most important companies which bring food and produce into the United Kingdom. In this company he served as chairman, as managing director and, in his later years, as president.

      His military service was long and, as might be expected of such a man, was a gallant one. He served no fewer than fifteen years in the Glasgow Highlanders (9th Bn. H.L.I., T.A.) and received the M.S.M. as well as two Mentions in Despat patches during the Great War.

      During the Second War his abilities were early recognised by the Government, and he was largely responsible for the successful establishment of food controls until, in 1942, he returned to Glasgow as Regional Port Director for Scotland. in this honorary but vital post, to which he dedicated himself with his accustomed zeal, he was responsible for the shipping arrangements for men, materials, food and munitions of war. At the same time he did much to reorganise the work and to improve the lot of the Glasgow dockers who, in their turn, honoured and respected him. If there was a dispute in the Docks, Tom settled it in his usual considerate and efficient way.

       He held this appointment until May 1945 when he returned to his business in London and also to enter politics. The wider field of his wartime activities received high award internationally, and brought him the honours of Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands) and the American Medal of Freedom with Silver Palm (U.S.A.).

      At the first post-war election he was returned as Labour Member for Romford, in Essex, but he made little progress on the floor of the House. This is not surprising, for a man of his temperament can have found little sympathy for the pettinesses and trivialities of political debate. However, he found his niche in the work of committees devoted to the post-war reorganisation of national life and commerce, and in 1949 he became a member of the Port of London Authority and was also appointed Chairman of the Thames Passenger Services Committee of the Ministry of Transport.

      For his public and political services to the country he was elevated to the peerage in 1951. His choice of title, Drumochter, was both appropriate and symbolical, for Drumochter is the high pass which joins the land of Clan Macpherson to the wider fields of Great Britain. Neither this, nor any other of his high honours, stood between him and the Clan. Many of us will remember the evening of the Ball in Kingussie when someone had addressed him as "My Lord" and that rich, warm Scots voice boomed out across the floor of the Duke of Gordon Hotel, "For goodness sake, man, don't put the snob on me! Call me 'Lord Tom' if you must -- but I'm a Macpherson same as we all are, and 'Tom' is quite enough for me when I'm up here!"

      In Essex, on his model farm, he bred Clydesdales and also Ayrshire cattle. He was president of the Domestic Poultry Keepers Council of England and Wales. He was a Freeman of the City of London and, with all these activities, still found time to inspire and to lead the Council of Scottish Clans, whose chair he occupied from 1952 to 1956.

      How do we remember this wonderful man? With respect for his great powers of Organisation and his enormous drive and enthusiasm -- this certainly. Our feelings go far beyond mere respect, however. Many men have won respect, but Lord Tom earned something far more valuable than that, for he brought to all his other great qua ities those of humanity, of warm-heartedness and, above all, of Christian principles.

      So we recall Lord Tom -- with respect for his greatness and with love for his humanity. His guiding hand has gone, but his influence will long endure.

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Lord Drumalbyn's Tribute at the Annual General Meeting
      I had the privilege of attending his funeral. It was a remarkable occasion. The little church was filled with friends and with representatives of all the various organisations with which he had been connected, both business and social; and conspicuous among them were the Scottish Associations in Romford and London in which he had such a leading part. As the service ended, the lovely strains of the Flowers of the Forest, played on the pipes by Ian Pearson, came into the church from outside in mourning for a great Clansman.

      He was a man of tremendous energy. Starting as a member of a large family with humble beginnings he started off the great business of Macpherson, Train & Co. with, I think, one hundred pounds. By the time I got to know him he was already well on the way to success. I remember his telling me he had three ambitions, to own his own business (which he already did), to own his own farm, and to become a Member of Parliament. Well he achieved them all. He became a Member of Parliament in 1945 at the same time as I did, six years later he became a Member of the House of Lords.

      We shall all remember him most, I think, for his marvellous and infectious sense of goodfellowship. He was that rather characteristic type of Scot, an extremely hardheaded businessman who was a romantic at heart, and it was this romantic element in his makeup that led him to take so great an interest in the founding of the Clan Association.

      In this he was very much tied up with my own family, because I think it was as the result of a suggestion by my uncle Ian that he started to take this interest, and I remember those early meetings when he and Alan and I planned the Association before the war. Then the war came, and during the war, Tom, as we all knew him gave most valuable public service as Regional Port Controller for Scotland. From there he moved on to a position of very great influence in his own sphere and in many spheres. But we like to think of him most because of his influence in our sphere, in the Clan Association. It was his tremendous energy, his singlemindedness, his great art of keeping his eye on the objective and leaving the details to others ... It was this, I think, that enabled him to lead us to the formation of the Association, with our piece of land here in Badenoch, our Clan House -- all of which he inspired and which be was very proud to realise. He leaves behind a devoted wife and a worthy successor as a son who has already been our Chairman arid is as devoted to the Clan Association as he was himself.

      Ladies and Gentlemen, I think that we ought to rise and pay tribute to his memory in a minute of silence.

MRS. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN
      His Honour, the Deemster Bruce Macpherson, writes:
      Lieutenant -Colonel Alexander Kilgour Macpherson of Pitmain, M.V.O. 16th of Pitmain and Senior Chieftain in the Clan, has suffered sadly in the loss of his wife, who died on 15th May 1965, in Edinburgh, and was buried in the Dean Cemetery on 19th May. For four and a half years she was in a nursing home and was visited daily, without break, during all those years, by her devoted husband, Pitmain.

      It is one of the precious treasures of the Clan that the qualities of steadfast faithfulness, integrity and tenacious endurance still stand grandly as ever in the tradition of Clan Mhuirich. Fashions and customs may change, but not the eternal verities, and the Clan is inspired and encouraged by the example Of those who display them.

      Margaret Macpherson of Pitmain bore a long illness with most unselfish patience, neither husband nor wife permitted self-pity to intrude. She loved flowers and little children and was most earnest in upholding her beliefs as a Christian.

     &nbs; Margaret Macdonald Ramsay Crowley was the second daughter of Thomas Crichton Crowley of Dundee and his wife, Elizabeth Lyall Ramsay, daughter of James Dempster Ramsay of Menzies Hill, Angus. She married Pitmain on 25th April 1924, and they have one daughter who is married and lives in Ayrshire.

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CAPTAIN JAMES MACDONALD, O.B.E.       Allan G. Macpherson, Chairman of the Association, writes:
      The Clan Macpherson Association has suffered a grievous loss by the death of Captain Macdonald, who for the past number of years was Curator of the Clan Museum and Library in Newtonmore. A native of Newtonmore, he was steeped in the lore of Badenoch and what little he did not know of Clan Macpherson history he very quickly learned. In his typical Highland, gentlemanly way he shared his knowledge with everyone who showed interest, and by this means helped tremendously to make the Clan Museum known in many countries of the world. Proof of his invaluable work is shown by the large number of letters received from visitors to the Museum, and also by the many new friends he made, both for himself and for us Macphersons.

     He served in the South African War and as an officer of the 5th Battalion (Lochiel's) of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders in the Great War. Subsequently he had a brilliant Police career as Chief Constable of Arbroath.

      He was a good man, liked and respected by all.

JAMES S. MACPHERSON Craigphadraig, Kingussie
DUNCAN MACPHERSON St. Margarets, Midmills, Inverness
Miss JANE A. MACPHERSON Aberchirder, Huntly
NORMAN MACPHERSON 12 St. Mary's Street, Edinburgh
Miss ELIZABETH I. MACPHERSON 23 Fairmile Avenue, Edinburgh
MRS. ELIZABETH M. FRASER 2 Western Corner, Edinburgh
MALCOLM MACPHERSON 15 Elizabeth Street, Ibrox, Glasgow
MAJOR JOHN A. R. WISE Carrion Downs, Truro, Cornwall
ARTHUR S. MACPHERSON 7 St. Julian's Close, London, S.W.16
JOHN McPHERSON 5a Chalmers Crescent, Edinburgh, 9
MRS. ANN C. CHISHOLM 43 Alriwickhill Road, Edinburgh
MRS. M. M. R. MACPHERSON Braehead House, Barnton, Edinburgh
CLUNY A. MACPHERSON St. Catherine's, Ontario
DONALD MACPHERSON Victoria, B.C.
We extend our sympathy to all their relations on behalf of the Clan Association

BIRTHS
On 8th October 1965 to Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Macpherson, 2 Garden Court,
      London, E.C.4. -- A SON.
On 25th April 1964 to Mr. and Mrs. T. A. S. Macpherson, 42 Swanston Avenu
e,      Edinburgh, 10. -- A DAUGHTER.
On 30th October 1964 to Mr. and Mrs. J. Prentice, 31 Cramond Gardens,
      Edinburgh. -- A SON.

MARRIAGE
Harold Charles Cluny Macpherson of St. John's, Newfoundland, son of the Hon. and Mrs. Campbell L. Macpherson, to Miss Dawne Partridge, at Toronto, on 9th October, 1965.

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INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT for Year ended 31 December 1964

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BALANCE SHEET for Year ended 31 December 1964

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BLANK

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MEMBERSHIP AS AT 15th DECEMBER 1965

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Back Cover Ad

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