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CONTENTS
                                           
  EDITORIAL        4
   DUNCAN OF THE KILN     5
   THE GENEALOGY AND DESCENT OF THE PHONESS FAMILY    10
   THE INVERESHIE BOOK    15
   THE 1960 RALLY    17
  CLUNY'S WATCH    18
   CLAN HOUSE APPEAL FUND     iv
   THE CLAN RALLY 1959    23
  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR    26
   THE RIGHT HON. LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER    28
   CLANSMEN OF THE YEAR    29
  MARRIAGES    34
   THE CLAN SCHOOL AT RUTHVEN, PART 3    35
   OBITUARIES    37
   REPORTS FROM BRANCHES    38
   INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT    43
   BALANCE SHEET    44
                                                                                   
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies. 7/6
                                                                                   
Contributioni and all Branch Reports for the 1961 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1960.
                                                                                   
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CREAG DHUBH
                  No. 12        'DUNCAN OF THE KILN' NUMBER           1960

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   THE ANNUAL OF
THE CLAN MACPHERSON
ASSOCIATION

                                                                                                                                                                

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CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION

_____________________

Hon. President
EWEN GEORGE MACPHERSON OF CLUNY MACPHERSON
Chief of the Clan

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L.
Senior Chieftain in the Clan
The Right Hon. LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER
Major NIALL M. S. MACPHERSON, M.A., M.P.
Lt.-Col. CLUNY MACPHERSON, C.M.G., M.D., F.R.C.S.

COUNCIL

Officers of the Association

Chairman Councillor HUGH MACPHERSON, F.S.A.SCOT.

Vice-Chairman
THE HON. J. GORDON MACPHERSON

Hon. Secretary
A. F. MACPHERSON, W.S.

Hon. Treasurer
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON,

Editor of Clan Annual
Major J. E. MACPHERSON

Registrar
Miss Christine Macpherson, M.A., West High Street, Kingussie

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BRANCH REPRESENTATIVES
                       
BADENOCHVacant
NORTH OF SCOTLAND ALASTAIR W. MACPHERSON, The Park, Lhanbryde, Morayshire
MURDO MACPHERSON, 6 Telford Lane, Inverness
EAST OF SCOTLAND GEO. J MACPHERSON, 47 Kekewich Avenue, Edinburgh, 4
   GEORGE A. MACPHERSON, 1 Chesser Loan,
   Edinburgh, 11
WEST OF SCOTLAND DONALD MCPHERSON, 20 Ancaster Drive, Glasgow, W.2
HAMISH MACPHERSON, 1356 Pollokshaws Road, Glasgow, S.1
ENGLAND & WALES The Hon. J. GORDON MACPHERSON, Normans, Warley, Brentwood, Essex
Sir JOHN MACPHERSON, K.C.M.G., 141 Marsham Court, Westminster, London SW 1
CANADALt.-Col. CLUNY MACPHERSON, C.M.G., M.D., St John's, Newfoundland
;LLOYD C. MACPHERSON, BSC, MS. IN ED., St Andrew's College, Aurora, Ont
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill
U.S.A.    Mrs ALBERTA MACPHERSON-COSTELLO,
   371 East 21st Street, Brooklyn, New York
Registrar and Curator (Vacant) Clan House, Newtonmore
Senior PiperANGUS MACPHERSON, Inveran, Sutherland
Junior Piper DONALD MACPHERSON, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire
Hon. Auditor KENNETH N. MCPHERSON, C.A., 41 Comely Bank Rd , Edinburgh, 4

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EDITORIAL
      It has been suggested that amongst the inherited characteristics of the Clan the gift which has been bestowed in least measure is that of Application, a quality not altogether compatible with the Celtic temperament. Janet Fraser writes to her son, only too conscious of the difficulties of his position as the son of an exiled Jacobite chief, and exhorts him to use Application in his studies if he is to make 'a figure in the world'. We can but speculate as to the effect of her letter, and no doubt of many others of similar tenour, which have not survived, on his character. We know from history that he did apply himself very successfully to his military career, as later in a difficult period he applied himself to the welfare of his clansmen and tenants.

      The portrait which we publish is from a miniature in the possession of the Dalchully family and is believed to be the only one in existence. We were unable to get in touch with the family to ask for permission to reproduce it, but we are sure it would have been readily accorded.

      We are pleased to be able to include in this number Alan G. Macpherson's authoritative article on the Phoness family and that of A. F. Macpherson on 'Cluny's Watch'. It is appropriate also that we should remember a clansman within a few days of the anniversary of his daring exploits at Badajos almost a hundred and fifty years ago.

      The first article on 'The Invereshie Book', including a list of its contents, will be followed, as space permits, by important extracts from it. If a sufficient number of readers, now that they know the contents, should express the wish that we devote a section of the Annual to such extracts for some years to come, we would consider it justified and would be very willing to comply.

      Incidentally, we trust all our readers will appreciate the humour of the title selected by the Macpherson-Grant family: it does at least admit there are others. More seriously, after reading the statement of Alastair of that ilk, readers will realise the importance of tracing the descendants of Alexander the Banker.

      The rather happy illustration of the Colour Party in the Clan March was taken by photographers of the Peoples Journal and we are indebted to the Editor, Mr Hood, for permission to reproduce it.

      We propose in our next number to attempt to portray the life and character of our outstanding and versatile eighteenth-century clansman, who set literary Europe ablaze before he had reached the age of twentyfour and then began a notable political career, James Macpherson of Ossian fame, poet, translator, historian, antiquarian, surveyor of the Leeward Islands, member of parliament, agent for an eastern nabob, political writer, and in his later years a noted dispenser of Highland hospitality at his Badenoch mansion of Balavil.

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'DUNCAN OF THE KILN'
COLONEL DUNCAN MACPHERSON OF CLUNY
(Born 1748. Died 1817)

      The life of' Duncan of the Kiln', (Dunnach na h'Ath), the nineteenth chief of the clan, son of Cluny of the Forty-five and father of ' Old Cluny ', covers the transition period between the days of Jacobite armies and the days of Highland regiments. Born in a cornkiln on the estate, near the ruins of his father's house, burnt to the ground by government troops, he lived to take a distinguished part commanding a Highland regiment in the American war.

      When his father escaped to France in 1755, Duncan was left in the careful guardianship of his uncle, and a year or two later was sent to school in Inverness. The following letter, discovered in the Cluny charter chest, was written to him by his mother, Janet Fraser, daughter of Lord Lovat, when he was thirteen years old. 'Mr Duncan Macpherson,
student att Mr Hector Frazer's School at Inverness, North Britain.

'My dear Child,
      'I would have made a return to your letter of the 2d Decr. last sooner, but did not incline to disturb your studies, at least not too often; when you have more experience of what you are about, I shall make you more regular answers.

      'Your hand of write pleases me very well, as does your stile and orthographie, and tho' you have had Uxilium to the last two articles, it does not at all surprise me: your age and the short time you have been with Mr Hector makes a sufficient apologie for your not being yet perfect in these necessary and useful qualifications.

      'Nothing in this world can be so agreeable to me as the accounts your master gives of you, particularly of your Application. Your making a figure in the world depends upon that single circumstance, and your early endeavours in your yet tender years affords me hopes of the consequences. I have great reason to be thankfull that you are under the tuition of so able a director who has your Instruction so much at heart, and as an addition to my happiness, I find Mrs Fraser acts a most Motherly part towards you. God Almighty reward them both for cheerfully and prudently supplying the places of those who Naturally ought to be your guides. A few years will make you more sensible of the benefits of your present Settlement than you can yet be. However, I hope you have some little reflections of this nature in your own mind. I found you a most tractable and obedient child the short time I had you at my disposal, which gave me even then good Impressions of you, but my then sentiments, being at this distance of time confirm'd by so worthy a Judge as Mr Hector, affords me Infinite pleasure. I return again to Application. Never lose sight of the meaning of that word, it is everything, you cannot yet forsee the advantages that are Acquired from it; that will steal upon you by degrees, you cannot expect to be a scholar all at once, it is the work and studie of a few years that will. bring you to some degree of perfection. Notwithstanding of all I have said upon this head, I don't desire you to apply so close as to be a Slave to application. I always make allowances

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now and then for amusements and diversions, in order to relax and recruit your spirits.

      ' . . . I suppose you are now beginning to understand a little the meaning of the word emulation, without a certain degree of which it is not easie to be a Scholar; if it happens that you do not go home in the vacancy, you can be very usefully employed in runing over what you have formerly gone thorrow, in learning Geographie, or in whatever your master prescribes, still amusing yourself with plenty of play. I don't give you these councels with a design, that they shou'd be absolutely obeyed. I refer every Circumstance of them to Mr Hector's wise conduct preferable to any other, he being best acquainted with your humour, Genious, and constitution, as I am certain he'll act suitablely, and which will both please and satisfy me. For my satisfaction acquaint me what notions you have of the parts of Speech and of Syntax or construction, as also the way and manner you are generally employed every day. It is very agreeable for me to know that you have been taken notice of by these great people you mention; they have done you and me honour. I incline you continue to Acquaint me from time to time, who inquires about you and shows you Civilities, perhaps some time or other I may have it in my power to thank them. Let me know what you please about your Uncles, and about our other friends, particularly about the Major1 whose safe arrival at home gives me great joy, as it must do to all his concerns, particularly to his Nephew little Dunkie, whoes intrest and prosperity, if he is a hopefull boy, which I have no reason to doubt, he will always have at heart, and don't forget Uncle Sandie, of whom I never hear anything. This letter has swelt'd far beyond my designed brevity; I allow 'tis too wearisome and too difficult for a young Gentleman of your experience to answer, but as I know you have a very good and kind assistant to consult with, who in his own way will direct and explain everything to you, that alone encourages me to say so much, which is the only apologie I have to make, and which, I hope, he and you will take as a satisfying one. Make my Compliments in the sincerest Manner to Mr and Mrs Fraser, and tell the former that it is neither Neglect nor disrespect that hinders me from writing him, but that I suppose he'll think there is enough said at this time for both, and show him besides, that by the Information I have of his way and manner of teaching youth, etc., he may justly be compared to Quintilian.. . You are just now in the Critical season, wherein you ought to acquire, what if neglected, will never hereafter be recovered. Therefore make the best you can of precious time while you are yet young and has so valuable an opportunity.

      'My dear child I kiss and embrace you, as your sister, who is very well, also does. Remember me to Colector Colvin and his sisters, and tell them that I am very much obliged to them for their Civilities to you. Tell them also that Mr Blair and his Lady are very well. Ask their commands for their sister when you write me. May
____________

(1) John Macpherson, brother to Cluny, major to the 78th regiment of foot (Fraser's Highlanders) tutor and guardian to his nephew during his minority.

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God's blessing and mine perpetually attend you. I ever am, my dear child, your most loving and affectionate mother,                                           JANET FRASER.

'Campvire 27th Aprile 1761.

P.S. I still impeach myself for writing a child so long a letter, shall therefore only desire an answer to a part of it first and that sometime in the month of June next ... Let your return be sent by the regular post, and let the postage be pay'd to London, in which event I shall have it in less than fifteen days, whereas if it be sent by a ship I may want it fifteen weeks, and perhaps never come to hand ... Place all your postages to your Uncle's accompt. Compliments to all enquiring friends.'

The Highland Regiments
      By the time Duncan's education was complete, the well-known policy of William Pitt was in full force-the policy which he was to justify in Parliament in 1776 in a speech containing his famous eulogy of the Highland regiments-" I sought for merit where-ever it could be found. It is my boast that I was the first minister who looked for it, and found it, in the mountains of the north. I called it forth, and drew into your service a hardy and intrepid race of men; men who, when left by your jealousy, became a prey to the artifices of your enemies, and had gone nigh to overturning the State, in the war before last. These men, in the last war, were brought to combat on your side; they served with fidelity, as they fought with valour, and conquered for you in every quarter of the world."

           Fraser's Highlanders, the old 78th, raised in 1757 and disbanded in 1763 at the end of the war, had done its share of conquering, on the Heights of Abraham and elsewhere. In 1775 troops were again required, this time for the American war, and it was decided to revive Fraser's Highlanders under Colonel Fraser, who had been rewarded for his services in the last war by the award of the Lovat family estates forfeited in 1746. Young Cluny was offered and accepted a commission in the regiment-known as the old 71st. In a letter written many years later he describes the raising of the two battalions. 'They were raised in the short space of three months and consisted of two battalions of 1,000 rank and file each. The men were all from Scotland and chiefly from the Highlands, and that is not surprising when I inform you that there were no less than seven chiefs in the regiment, viz., Lovat, Lochiel, Macleod, Mackintosh, Chisholm, Lamont of Lamont, and your humble servant, most of whom brought 100 men to the regiment.'

      On landing in America the 71st had only a fortnight's drilling on Staten Island before going into action -- an interesting illustration of the current belief that the 'disciplining' required by other troops was not necessary for the Highland regiments. The 71st distinguished itself on many occasions, notably at the battles of Brooklyn and Brandywine, Fort Montgomery and Savannah. In 1779, Cluny, by that time colonel commanding the first battalion, took part in a difficult but

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successful attack over a deep swamp to take the strong enemy position at Boston Creek. Altogether he served for thirty years, six of them being in command of a battalion of the 71st in the American war, after which he became colonel in the 3rd, later Scots, Regiment of Guards.       He married in 1798 Catherine, daughter of Sir Ewen Cameron of Fassifern and had four sons and four daughters.
[Simple arithmatic tells us that he was 50 years of age when he married and perhaps as old as 60 when his eighth child was born. -- RM]

Restoration of the Cluny Estates
      In 1784, when Duncan was thirty-four years old, the Cluny estates, which had been forfeited to the Crown after the Rising, were restored to him, partly owing to the influence exerted in London by his kinsman, James Macpherson, best known, perhaps, for that early work of his younger days, the translation of Ossian's poems, but by this time at the height of his power as a political writer in support of the Government. Many people believe that the estates were first offered to James, but that he refused them and stressed the claims of his chief . The point is still being investigated, but at least one can say it would well accord with that generosity of character which is attributed to him by most of his contemporaries.

      The restoration was celebrated by a great clan festivity held at Pitmain Inn, the old coaching stage near the present Kingussie. It happened that an Englishman, a Colonel Thornton, was that year spending some months in Badenoch for purposes of sport. He had taken for his headquarters the old house of Raitts, fated to be pulled down a few years later when 'Fair James', above mentioned, bought the estate and built his mansion of Balavil or Belleville. The Colonel, as a stranger within our gates, received an invitation from the chief and clan to join in the festivities, and later published a description of his tour, from which the following extracts are taken.

           'On our arrival we found a large party of gentlemen already assembled and the area full of ... the Clan Macpherson. Other gentlemen were likewise continually ushering in from all parts, some of whom came about sixty miles, so happy were they to testify their regard for the present possessor of the estate; in short, no words can express the joy that was exhibited in every countenance. The ladies, too, not that I think it singular, seemed to me to enter more heartily, if possible, into the joys of the day than the men . . . . At most public meetings there are some discontented mortals who rather check than inspire mirth. The case here was quite the reverse; with that perfect innocence which abounds in the Highlands, joined to the clannish regard not totally removed by luxury and knowledge of the world, every individual added something, and exerted himself to promote the common cause. At five o'clock dinner was announced, and each gentleman with the utmost gallantry handed in his tartan-dressed partner. The table was covered with every luxury the vales of Badenoch, Spey and Lochaber could produce, and a very substantial entertainment it was; game of all kinds and venison in abundance. . . . I had no conception of any room at Pitmain large enough to dine one-tenth of the party, but found

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that the apartment we were in, though low, was about fifty feet long and, being a malt kiln, was used only on such occasions. When seated no company at St James's ever exhibited a greater variety of gaudy colours, the ladies being dressed in all their Highland pride, each following her own fancy, and wearing a shawl of tartan; this, contrasted by the other parts of the dress, at candle-light presented a most glaring coup d'oeil. The dinner, being removed, was succeeded by a dessert of Highland fruits, when, I may venture to say, that 'George the Third -- and long may he reign'-- was drunk with as much unfeigned loyalty as ever it was at London. Several other toasts were likewise drunk with three cheers, and re-echoed by the clan in the area around us. The ladies gave us several very delightful Erse songs, nor were the bagpipes silent, they played many old Highland tunes.... After the ladies had retired the wine went round plentifully, but to the honour of the conductor of this festive board, everything was regulated with the utmost propriety; and as we were in possession of the only room for dancing, we rose the earlier from the table, in compliance with the wishes of the ladies, who in this country are still more keen dancers than those of the southern parts of Britain. After tea, the room being adjusted and the band ready, we returned, and, minuets being by common consent exploded, danced with true Highland spirit a great number of different reels. . . . It is astonishing how true all these ladies danced to time, and not without grace; they would be thought good dancers in any assembly whatever. At ten o'clock the company repaired to the terrace adjoining to the house to behold as fine a scene of its kind as perhaps ever was exhibited. Bonfires in towns are only simple assemblages of inflammable matter, and have nothing but the cause of rejoicing to recommend them, but here the country people, vieing with each other, had gathered together large piles of wood, peat, and dry heather on the tops of the different hills and mountains, which, by means of signals, being all lighted at the same time, formed a most awful and magnificent spectacle, representing so many volcanoes, which, owing to their immense height and the night being totally dark and serene, were distinctly seen at the distance of ten miles. And white our eyes were gratified with this solemn view our ears were no less delighted with the different bagpipes played around us. . . . At one I withdrew, took some refreshment, and then returned home, highly delighted at having passed the day so very agreeably.'

      In the Cluny charter chest are preserved MSS. giving a detailed list of all those present at the banquet, and also the names of the Badenoch hills on which were set the bonfires which so impressed our guest.

      Colonel Duncan was a resident landlord who took his duties and responsibilities towards his clansmen and tenants very seriously. Some stewards of absentee landlords at that time in the Highlands were having difficulty in collecting rents, but this was never the case on the Cluny estates.

      He died on the first of August 1817 and was buried in the family burial ground close to the Castle.

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THE GENEALOGY AND DESCENT OF THE PHONESS (NOW PHONES) FAMILY
By ALAN G. MACPHERSON
      In tracing the family of Phoness, it is imperative to be critical of all statements which are written at second hand. The only safe guide is reference to original documents. The historical sequence of such documents begins in 1600. The earliest record of the family is, therefore, not based upon evidence, but rather upon folk memory. Sir Aeneas Macpherson of Invereshie, Chieftain of the Sliochd Gilliosa, the branch of Clan Macpherson to which the Phoness family belongs, claimed among his authorities Gillicallum (Malcolm) of Phoness, author of the saying

                        "Tir viis tu ain asshi is ffuile vic-ndoshich,
                        Cuir oin treule er go ghorris; Tir in shi Cuir gho."

                        (When you are at open war with the Mackintoshes,
                        Bolt your door once; when in peace and friendship, bolt it twice.)

Gillieallum of Phoness was a clan genealogist, and his own ancestry, as recorded by Sir Aeneas is acceptable. Unfortunately Sir Aeneas' history of the Clan has not been found, but printed copies are available.       According to Sir Aeneas, Gillies, the progenitor of the third branch of the Clan, was the son of Ewan Ban, the son of Mhuirich the Parson. Gillies had a son, Donald Brounich, who possessed the lands of Letterfinlay in Lochaber. Donald had seven sons, six of them killed at Inverlochy in 1431 during the wars between King James I of Scotland and the Lord of the Isles. It was these wars which broke up the Old Clan Chattan and forced the Macphersons and the original Mackintosh chiefs to abandon their lands in Lochaber. In accordance with this, Donald's seventh son, John, gave up Letterfinlay to Cameron (or MacMartin) of Letterfinlay, Donald's brother-in-law. John then migrated to Rothiemurchus in eastern Inverness-shire to the davach-land of Rimore, one of the sixty davach-lands of Badenoch, though not in Badenoch proper. John had two sons, William and Alexander. The genealogy so far, therefore, is:

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      W. Cheyne-Macpherson, in his Chiefs of Clan Macpherson, makes a bad mistake at this point. He refers to Alexander as the ancestor of the Invereshie family, whereas it was in fact William. Alexander was the forefather of the Phoness family.

      These two men are in fact the first of the Sliochd Gilliosa of whom there is authentic record. William succeeded to Rimore, but later moved to Invereshie in Badenoch. In signing the Huntly Bond on the 16th May 1591, William's grandson, another William, and Alexander's son Donald, both sign with their patronymics, 'William mac Ian vic William,' and 'Donald MacAlistair Roy'. Donald signed first, implying that he was managing William's affairs, possibly during the minority of William. He signs again for William in the Termit Bond of the 14th April 1609, so it may be presumed that William was still under age in 1609.

      This part of the genealogy is clear therefore:

      The next document which continues the genealogy is a charter of the Earl of Huntly, dated 1626, granting a feudal wadset right of Phoness to 'Malcolm mac Conill vic Alister', that is, Malcolm, son of Donald, son of Alexander. This Malcolm is 'old Gillicallum of Phoness', Sir Aeneas' authority.

      From this point there is an abundance of evidence. The Muckrach Bond with the Grants, signed on the 30th March 1645, during the Marquis of Montrose's Rising, bears the signature of Malcolm Macpherson of Phoness. In 1648 the Roll of Badenoch rebels includes Malcolm of Phoness, who 'did meet with the enemies' (i.e., Montrose, Alistair MacDonald, and Huntly) 'bot was never at a fight with them'. This suggests an old man, and one clan genealogist apparently had evidence that he was born in 1579. Also in the list of rebels was Donald, apparent of Phoness (that is, Malcolm's son and heir), who was a captain with Montrose at the battle of Auldearn, the siege and sack of Aberdeen, and at Lethen with Huntly. Donald, with Lt.-Col. Ewan of Cluny and several others, appeared before the Covenanting Synod of Moray in sackcloth and on his knees, signed the Aberdeen confession and promised 'to amend his former miscariage'. His father was admonished. Donald also had to appear at the kirk of Auldearn in sackcloth. In 1647 he married Bessie, sister of Donald Macpherson of Nuid. In 1663 Donald was joint-foiester with Donald of Nuid on the Forest of Gaick (Cluny Papers, 1663).

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      Donald of Phoness was a signatory of the Kincairn Agreement with Mackintosh against Lochiel on 19th November 1664. He also opposed Duncan of Cluny's right to act as Chief of the Macphersons, as recorded in the Privy Council Records, 21st November 1672. In this he was following the lead of John Macpherson of Dalraddie, Tutor of Invereshie. Donald is recorded in the Cluny Papers in 1680, 1686.

      Donald's son, Alexander, appears in the Macintosh Muniments as apparent of Foynes' (Phoness) in the marriage settlement of William Macpherson, younger of Nuid, son of Donald Macpherson of Nuid, and Isobella MacIntosh, daughter of Lachlan MacIntosh of Kinrara, the MacIntosh historian and rival of Sir Aeneas. The date of this settlement was 8th May 1667, and Alexander of Phoness appears as Isobella MacIntosh's attorney, being a writer or notary public at Inverness.

      Alexander of Phoness was a principal signatory of the 'Covenant made at Benchar' in 1689, protesting at Duncan of Cluny's proposal to settle his chiefship and estate upon his only daughter instead of upon the nearest heir male, Alexander's cousin, William of Nuid. He was also a signatory of the Kingussie Bond, 8th November 1699, which settled the succession issue. He appears in the Cluny Papers, 1686,1687, 1696, when he was the Duke of Gordon's chamberlain in Badenoch.

      On the 7th February 1694 Alexander of Phoness got decreet as executor of Donald Macpherson, eldest son of Thomas of Etteres, a younger brother of Malcolm of Phoness, and a captain under Ewan of Cluny in Montrose's army. There is a significant note to the effect that he was acting 'with consent of Malcolm Macpherson, his brother-german and assignee'. Malcolm, who was in Dellenach, was evidently Alexander's heir. The decreet is dated 21st September 1689. The consequence of the decreet was a long series of documented transactions ending in 1712. But Malcolm in Dellenach does not reappear in any of these, the implication being that he had died. Alexander was a signatory to the Vindication of the Macphersons to the Duke of Gordon in 1699.

      A. M. Macintosh, in his Macintoshes and Clan Chattan, quotes a service of an heir, dated 1718 to the effect that Alexander was succeeded by his younger brother William's son Malcolm. (Douglas of Glenbervie's Baronage of Scotland, on the other hand, describes Malcolm as the eldest son of Donald of Phoness, son of Malcolm of Phoness. These latter individuals are purely mythical, and no reliance can be placed upon the 'Baronage' when it deals with this period.)

      The next document with evidence of the Phoness family is the bond signed at Clune on the 28th May 1722, in which all the gentlemen of the Clan agreed to settle their disputes by arbitration. Among the signatures are Malcolm of Phoness and Donald his brother. Malcolm is also recorded as a consenter to the Bond of Friendship signed at Beaufort on the 19th April and at Cluny on the 17th June 1742. He appears in the Cluny Papers in 1740.

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      Malcolm was one of Ewan of Cluny's six captains in the Jacobite Rising of 1745-6. He marched to Derby and back and was present at the skirmish at Clifton on the 18th December 1745, and the Battle of Falkirk on the 17th January 1746. He also took part in the Athole Raid in March 1746. He went into hiding with his fellow officers until the amnesty allowed him to return home. He was probably involved in the skirmish at Garvamore in June 1746, two months after Culloden, the last passage of arms in the Rising. His eldest son Ewan, younger of Phoness, who did not leave Badenoch during the Rising, was one of the gentlemen who negotiated the surrender of the Kingussie parishioners at Blair Castle in May 1746.

      Malcolm later led twenty-five Badenoch men of his own family to join the Fraser Highlanders under the Hon. Simon Fraser, son of Lord Lovat in 1757. Ewan of Cluny's brother, John, the Tutor of Cluny was Captain of the hundred-strong Badenoch Company, and Malcolm and Andrew Macpherson, younger of Benchar, were his lieutenants, serving as 'private men' or volunteers. They were present at the Battle of Quebec on the Heights of Abraham, where Malcolm distinguished himself, in 1759. He and his fellow officers returned to Badenoch with but a few of their hundred Badenoch men.* On the 23rd January 1760, Lieutenant Malcolm Macpherson of Phoness was made a free burgess and guild brother of the City of Edinburgh for good services, ' but particularly for the bravery for which he behaved at the Battle of Quebec'.

      In 1764 the famous incident of the boycotting of James Macpherson of Killyhuntly, involving the residue of the French gold left by Prince Charles in Cluny's charge in 1746, and by Cluny in Donald Macpherson of Breakachie's charge in 1755, adds to the picture of Malcolm of Phoness. He appears in the papers as Malcolm 'Gorrach' Macpherson of Phoness, the nickname implying 'eccentric' or 'daft'. His son, Donald, was married to a daughter of James of Killyhuntly, a connection which placed the family in an unenviable position during the boycott.

      Malcolm of the '45 and Quebec was succeeded by his two sons, Donald and Angus in succession. Angus had a son William, whose son Aeneas (Angus) Peter Macpherson of Phoness was the last of the direct line. He died in 1853.

      Among Sir Stewart Macpherson's papers at Newtonmore, however, is a copy of the executry of Aeneas Peter of Phoness, dated 19th May 1854, in which his heir is stated to be Donald Fergusson of Lettochbeg near Pitlochry, a grandson of Malcolm's brother Donald. Donald Fergusson was the son of Margaret Macpherson of Phoness, who married Fergusson of Cammoch, on the banks of the Tummel, and who is buried in Struan Churchyard.
__________

* It would be interesting to know if many of them had accepted the offers made to them by the government of land in proportion to their rank, and remained in Canada. -ED. [Many men of the 71st Regiment did remain in Canada and married local French Canadian women. Scottish names among the Quebecois are not uncommon but I'm not aware of any Macphersons. -- RM]

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      The entire genealogy of the Phoness family, therefore, is:

      Alexander Macpherson, in Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands, 1893, records the following family:

      It is through Alexander Ban the Emigrant, that Mrs Macpherson-CosteIlo can trace her descent. The exact relationship of his grandfather, Alexander, to the Phoness family of Malcolm 'Gorrach', however, remains undocumented, and evidence of this would be of Clan interest. He could not be closer than Donald, the grandfather of Donald Fergusson. He could have been a third brother.

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'THE INVERESHIE BOOK'

A CLAN TREASURE

      The book, to which we have given the above title in recognition of our debt to the transcribers, as well as for ease of reference, had its origin some fifty years ago, when two members of the Invereshie family undertook the considerable and difficult task of copying out some hundreds of manuscript pages, many of them being in Gaelic and many others having Gaelic names and old Scots legal terminology. In form the book, which was almost certainly specially made for its purpose, resembles a very large old-fashioned office ledger, bound in light brown suede leather with a 2-1/2-inch red leather band on the spine with the title, 'MACPHERSONS, ETC.' tooled in gold with a pattern design above and below. In size it is 15-1/2" by 11" by 3-3/4" thick and weighs fourteen pounds. The pages, of exceptionally strong, thick paper are numbered 1 to 956, of which 403 are written up. The items are not in chronological order, are not indexed, and have few cross references. A list of the contents has now been made and is given below. The items vary from one page to 104 pages each, the most extensive being the clan genealogies, from which many clansmen will be able to extend their knowledge of their ancestry. The book is at present in the custody of the Editor who is making extracts for publication as space permits, and before long it will be deposited at the Clan House, Newtonmore, where it will be available for consultation.

      The following extract from page 404 shows, among other things, how essential it is that we should trace the descendants of Alexander, Banker and one-time Provost of Kingussie.
           'The preceding pages were copied by Mary Macpherson Grant, wife of 4th Bart. and by G. B. Macpherson Grant, 2nd son of 3rd Bart.

           'The original belonged to Alex Macpherson, Banker, Kingussie, who left it to his sister, who lent it to above G. B. M. G. -- who after copying about 180 pages returned the original to the Banker's sister. Almost immediately she died and the original went to the children of the Banker, who lived in England and from whom G. B. M. G. could never get the book to complete, as he never could trace their whereabouts. There would be some 200/400 pages still to copy out. This would be about 1913 or so.'

      An additional note is pasted in below:
           'From Tom Macpherson M.P. (now Lord Macpherson of Drumochter).
This Book-together with several bundles of papers and notes-was given to me in 1946 by Alastair Macpherson Grant to be put with our other Clan Records and papers in custody of Clan Macpherson Association.
                                                                            (signed) Tom Macpherson
                                                                                                3/2/49 '

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'The Invereshie Book'
CONTENTS
(Certain of the items following appear in Alexander's book, Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands)

       I page    2.The Macphersons. From Moriri's Dictionary and most probably contributed by Sir Aeneas Macpherson.
      II    8. The Genealogies of the McPhersons. 104 pp. (All the families -- to about 1704).
     III 114. The Clan Farson's Band 1591.
     IV 116. 1689. Declaration and engagement entered into by the principal Clan en of Macpherson on the marriage of Anna, only daughter of Duncan Macpherson of Cluny with Archibald, second son of Sir Hugh Calder.
      V118.1628. Members of the Clan Chattan Macpherson 28th May 1628 (1728?) and their Covenant.
     VI 122. Letter of Sundry Highland Lairds. (Refusing to supply 'more coalle or candell without pay'). Ruthven 17th May 1697.
    VII   n/a                          not/available; no item VII printed in Creag Dhubh
   VIII 124. Vindication by the Macphersons of Badenoch to His Grace the Duke of Gordon. 1699.
    IX 126. Extracts from Scots Magazine. 1754.
     X 128. Inscriptions on Tombstones in the old St Columba's Church yard at Kingussie. Copied by me in August 1874.
    XI 130. Macpherson Subscribers to various Publications from 1790 onwards.
   XII 137. List of Macpherson Cases from The Index to the Decisions of The Court of Session. 1666 to 1815.
  XIII 138. Macphersons of Sleat in Skye.
   XIV 142. Macphersons of Phoness. Evidence taken in the Executry of Eneas Peter Macpherson. 1853.
    XV 158. Macintosh of that ilk.
   XVI 180. Farquharson of Invercauld.
  XVII 186. Farquharson of Finzean.
 XVIII 190. Descent of Coriacalich from Macduff.
   XIX 192. Genealogy of the Shaws.
    XX 196. Roll of those of Badenoch who were engaged in the Rebellion under Montrose. Connections and intermarriages with the Shaws. From Shaw's Memorials of the Clan Shaw.
   XXI 202. Errors in Douglas's Baronage.
  XXII 204. Origin of the Shaws.
 XXIII 220. Notes on the names of Clan Chattan and what they indicate. By John Macpherson, M.D.
  XXlV 244. Clan Chattan.
   XXV 246. Genealogies of the Highland Clans. Gaelic MS. written circa 1450.
  XXVI 248. The Clan Chattan.
 XXVII 252. The Combattants at the Inch of Perth. Origin of the Clan Chattan, Inverness Courier, 12/1/1875.
XXVIII 258. Roll of Landlords in the Highlands where broken men have dwelt. 1587.
  XXIX 262. Roll of the Broken Clans in the Highlands and Isles. 1594.
   XXX 270. Clan Chattan.
  XXXI 272. Contract Of Friendship between Aeneas Lord Macdonell and Aros formerly Aeneas Macdonell of Glengarry and Duncan Macpherson of Cluny. 1673.
 XXXII 274. The Clan Chattan.
XXXIII 294. Macpherson.
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  XXXIV 299. Macgillivray.
   XXXV 300. Shaw, Farquharson, Macbeans.
  XXXVI 308. Gordon of Glenbucket Affair.
 XXXVII 310. James Macpherson of lnvemahaven.
XXXVIII 311. The Forest of Gaick. (The Black Officer)
  XXXIX 320. Call Gabhaig-Poem. (The Black Officer)
        XL333. Malcolm Macpherson of Phoness.
       XLI 336.Macpherson of Phoness (contd.)
       Report and Commission for Donald Ferguson.
      E. P. Macpherson's Executry.
  XLIl 338. It is not every day Macintosh holds a court.'
  XLIII 339. A Ridiculous Prophecy. Macintosh and Cummings.
   XLIV 343. The Battle of Invernahavon.
    XLV 362. The Macnivens and the Cave of Raitts.
   XLVI 365. An Account of the Macintoshes and Macphersons. by Buchanan of Auchmar.
  XLVII 368. Macpherson. by Lauchlan Shaw.
XLVIII 371. Clan Chattan.
  XLIX 379. The Battle of Invernahavon.
   XLX 380. Battle of the Inch.
  XLXI 382. A Creagh.
  XLXII 384. Act of Proscription of the Clan Chattan, dated 22nd June 1534.
XLXIII 385. Clan Chattane's Band 1543.
      The Clan Farson's Band 1591.
      Vindication of the Macphersons of Badenoch
      To his Grace the Duke of Gordon, 1699.
 XLXIV 388. The Rentaill of the Lordship of Huntlye. Badyenoche at Vitsonday 1603.
  XLXV 401. Borlum's Minute. 28th August 1637.

___________

THE 1960 RALLY
      The 1960 Rally will take place on the 19th, 20th and 21st August, commencing with a Highland Ball in the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie, on the evening of the 19th, followed by the Annual General Meeting on the morning of the 20th, at the Newtonmore Hall. For the afternoon of the 20th an excursion and picnic is being arranged and in the evening will be held an informal reception and ceilidh at the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie. The Rally will terminate with a church service at St Colurnba's Parish Church, Kingussie, on the morning of the 21st.

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CLUNY'S 'WATCH'
By A. F. MACPHERSON

      The investigation of the Cluny papers now housed in the Record Office, Edinburgh, initiated by Alan G. Macpherson before he took up his appointment in Canada, is being continued when time and opportunity offer. A bundle of documents and correspondence relative to Cluny's 'Watch' has been examined and the following report is submitted which, it is hoped, may be of interest to members as well as preserve information which casts light on little-known aspects of life in the Highlands immediately prior to the 1745 Rising.

      The papers examined confirm that Ewen Macpherson of Cluny (the Cluny of the '45) was one of the most enterprising and influential Highland Chiefs of the time and did much to bring his clan into prominence. He conceived a scheme for policing the Eastern Highlands with a view to putting an end to the activities of the cattle thieves who were a menace to the principal economic interest of the Highlands, the breeding of cattle for sale in the South. Cluny's plan was to organise a body of men, known as a 'Watch' who could undertake the prevention of cattle reiving and the recovery of beasts stolen by reivers from owners, who contributed an assessment for this service.

      The papers relative to the operations of this Watch consist of:--
          (a) Correspondence with Cluny by various proprietors and factors
                (i) offering support for the scheme and/or
                (ii), undertaking to contribute as if bound by formal contract.
          (b) Correspondence from persons reporting losses of cattle etc., and seeking Cluny's assistance.
           (c) Formal contracts between Cluny and representative proprietors and tenants of the following districts viz., Badenoch, Culloden, Petty, Invercauld and Braes of Angus.
           (d) A decree by the Sheriff Court of Inverness in a legal action by Cluny as commander of the Watch against certain persons in whose keeping stolen animals had been found, for payment of the value of the animals, and the expenses of the Watch in tracing and recovering them.

      Among the letters to Cluny is one from Norman MacLeod of MacLeod in London who had apparently been approached by Cluny with a request to lay his scheme before the Government, and which is in terms only too familiar to Scots to-day, as follows:--

'To Evan Mackpherson of Clunie, Esquire,
           Ruthven,
                By Edinburgh.

                                                                                                                      London, Jan. 19, 1745.
'Dear Sir,
     This week I received two very long letters of yours and assure you were it in my power to serve you you can freely command me and I shall do, what I can. Your scheme for the assessment of the shires you mention and an act of Parliament with the assistance of a bounty

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from the King is a very rational one and would I believe assure the purpose but there's two very great difficulties. First, the Ministers are so hurried and busy about things of more consequence and interesting to them that they won't mind a thing about regulating the Highlands more than you'd do the barking of a cur. Next they'd never let such a law pass without the consent of all the Counties concerned and that I fear will be difficult to procure when tried . . .
                                                                 (Signed) NORMAND MACLEOD.'

      The various formal contracts are all in similar terms, running for specified periods, and contain an undertaking by Cluny to provide men to protect the cattle of the other parties, recover them if stolen and refund their value if not found, in consideration of an undertaking to pay an agreed assessment, presumably based on the values of the properties involved. In the Badenoch Contract the basis of assessment is stated to be �25 Scots for every Davoch of land and proportionally for every smaller part. The values of stock are given as follows:-- one-year-old stirk, 12s. Sterling; two-year-old cow, 15s., three years or upwards, 30s. Sterling; two-year-old ox, �1 Sterling, three years or upwards, �2 Sterling; each sheep or goat, 3s. 4d. Sterling. Horses and mares are to be valued by two neighbours who had known the beasts before their disappearance.

      The contracts further provide that Cluny's obligation is subject to the victims of theft reporting their losses within a fixed period of' forty-eight hours to his outposts stationed at certain agreed points so that steps could be taken without loss of time to recover the lost animals. The parties are urged to prevent the sheltering or support of persons of bad character and it is significant that Cluny is prohibited from employing in the Watch any man west of Atholl or Badenoch or generally anyone of bad character under a money penalty. All legal precautions are taken to ensure punctual payment of the assessments and on the other hand Cluny agrees to the retention of the sums due to him in cases of loss until such loss has been made good. Provisions are made for the valuation of beasts lost and not recovered.

      The contract between Cluny on the one hand and the Earl of Airlie and other proprietors and tenants in Glen Isla, Lentrathen, Glen Prosen, Glen Clova and Glenesk dated 28th May, and 1st and 8th June, 1744, is given in full as showing the extent to which legal formalities were observed in those distant days. The reference to the difficulty of obtaining witnesses reflects no doubt the lack of persons able to write, though it will be noted that Cluny seems not to have suffered from this as he alone signs before witnesses, one of whom, his servant, is, rather unexpectedly to modern ideas, a Campbell.

Contract Between Evan Macpherson of Cluny and Duncan Shaw and
others, Heritors in Braes of Angus, dated 1st and 8th June 1744.
     It is agreed between Evan Macpherson of Cluny on the one part and the several heritors of the respective parishes hereto subscribing each for himself and his tenants on the other part. That is to say the

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said Evan Macpherson of Cluny hereby binds him, his heirs, executors and successors to keep and be at the charge of a sufficient number of men for watching and preserving the bestiall of the said several heritors and their tenants from being stolen at any time from the commencement of the said watch which is hereby declared to have been and began upon the twenty-second day of May current and to continue to the twenty-second day of November next in this present year 1744 during which space of time he, the said Evan Macpherson of Cluny obliges him and his foresaids to do exact diligence so as none of the said heritors [no break in paragraph in the original; inserted s to improve comprehension -- RM]

and their tenants' cattle, horse, nolt, sheep, etc. shall be stolen and in case any of the bestiall belonging to them shall happen to be stolen that he shall recover and bring back the same upon his own proper charges to the respective proprietors or pay the value of each beast not recovered as the same shall be ascertained before the next Judge Ordinary and that betwixt and the first day of December 1744 with a fifth part more of liquidate expenses in case of failzie; declaring always that the said Evan Macpherson or his foresaids shall not be liable to make payment for any single ox, cow, stirk or sheep (horse excepted) stolen or away carried except there shall be more than one beast of each kind stolen or away taken at one and the same time from different proprietors; and for further security of the said Evan Macpherson his performance of the above engagement he hereby becomes bound to allow retention of what is payable to him in manner underwritten by the respective heritors or their tenants of the several parishes of each county or shire, that out of the first and readiest thereof payment may be made to the several owners of such cattle as shall happen to be stolen and not recovered, the owners always being obliged to cause intimate to and acquaint the said Evan Macpherson or one or more of his party to be stationed at the different places under-written that their cattle are stolen vizt. at the Hospitall Haugh of Glen Muick, Spittall of Glen Shee, Inverbynack, Letteraitten at the head of Lochbuilg, there being two men to be stationed at each of these places, except at the Hospitall of Glen Muick where there is only to be one man, and that within 48 hours next and immediately after the cattle are stolen and amissing. [Break inserted in paragraph to improve comprehension -- RM]

Moreover it is hereby provided and declared that the said Evan Macpherson shall not employ any man on said watch Westward of the countries of Atholl and Badenoch or any person of bad character under the penalty of twenty pounds sterling money for each man so employed by him. [Break inserted in paragraph to improve comprehension -- RM]

For the which causes and on the other part each heritor and tenant hereto subscribing bind and oblige themselves their heirs executors and successors to pay to the said Evan Macpherson and his foresaids the several sums adhibited to their respective subscrIptions and that they shall insert the same in letters at length with their designations and that against the term of Martinmas next 1744 with a fifth part more of liquidate expenses in case of failzie (reserving always retention in manner above written), and, because of the difficulty of having subscribing witnesses to these several and respective subscriptions and the filling up of the names and designations and

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different dates, therefore they dispense with the want of subscribing witnesses and each of them with his own hand has added to his subscription the date thereof which they declare as sufficient to all intents as if every date of each subscription witnesses' names and designations present thereat were herein particularly insert; likeas it is hereby declared that albeit the sums payable by the respective heritors and tenants are not engrossed in the body of this writ yet notwithstanding the same shall be as valid and sufficient and all diligence and execution shall follow hereon as well as if every particular sum were insert in the body of this paper;       And lastly it is hereby most earnestly recommended to the several subscribers of these presents to use their utmost endeavour to prevent all juckrie or stealing within their respective bounds and not to allow their tenants to harbour or entertain persons of bad character without

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immediately informing their masters and neighbours so as they may be apprehended in order to undergo the Legall; and for the more security both parties consent to the registration hereof in the books of Council and Session and others competent that letters of homing (if need be) and all other execution needful pass hereon in form as effeirs and constitute their Procurators:
In witness whereof (written by William Ogilvie at Meiklekenny on this and the other side of this sheet of stamped paper) all parties hereto subscribing have with their own hands signed these presents of the respective dates adhibite to their subscriptions vizt. At Cortachy this 28th day of May 1744: Duncan Shaw, younger of Daldownie, factor for the Rt. Hon. The Earl of Airlie; William Shaw of Drumfine in Little Forther in Glen Illa, and William Ogilvie above designed, conjunctly and severally for the countries of Glen Illa, Lentrathen Glenprosen, Clova and Watereske belonging to the said Earl of Airlie do sign in name and behalf of the said noble Earl and his tenants in the said countries for the sum of Thirty Pounds sterling money and also for the respective feuars and other heritors in the said countries.

Date above signed by me 'DUN. SHAW'
Same date signed by me 'Wm. OGILVIE '
At Litelforter, the first day of June
1744 years                         'WM. SHAW'
                                                                                                         And by me the said Evan McPherson
                                                                                                     at Cluny the 8th day of June 1744 before
                                                                                                     these witnesses, John McPherson of
                                                                                                      Stramashie and James Campbell my
                                                                                                      servant, the date, witnesses' names and
                                                                                                      designations being filled up by myself
                                                                                                                                          'E. McPHERSON'
                                                                                                      'JOHN McPHERSON' witness
                                                                                                      'JAMES CAMBELL' witness

      The decree of the Inverness Sheriff Court, which is dated 19th March 1745 is a lengthy document full of legal elaborations, but which shows some of the steps taken by Cluny to implement his obligations. The action was raised by Cluny, as 'Commander of the Watch for preventing theft and depredation,' against a certain Alexander Grant, brother of Glenmoriston, and others. The decree sets forth the theft on stated days of certain beasts, including, in particular, a red heifer, from the lands of Dunmaglass in Strathnairn under Cluny's charge. That after a 'long and expensive search, the cattle or some of them were found in the possession of the defenders' who had either stolen them or resetted them from the thieves, and that they were therefore liable to pay the value of the cattle and expenses of search, action, etc. The Sheriff Officer from Inverness had served the summons on the defenders personally at their homes but in the case of two who were absent by leaving copies with their servants and also placing them in thekeyholes of their doors 'after giving six several knocks.'

(Continued on page 27)

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Clan Macpherson House Appeal Fund

Ninth List of Subscribers

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The Clan Rally, 1959

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The Clan Rally, 1959 (cont)

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Report of Clan Rally, 1958 (cont)

____________

A Tribute to the Occasion

Written by Colonel Ritchie for the Clan March on 18th July 1959.

SALUTE TO THE GREEN BANNER OF THE MACPHERSONS

                                    Failte! A Bhratach Uaine, Ensign of a fighting Clan!
                                    As home aloft in battle, where its verdancy inspired
                                    Intrepid Clansmen on to fiercer intrepidity.
                                    Garbed in the breacan liath of their Cluny ancestors,
                                    A band of stalwart Clansmen guard the treasured gonfalon;
                                    Their tempered basket-hilted broadsword blades unscabbarded.
                                    Friends now with every Clan, the internecine epoch gone,
                                    Proven in war themselves these Clansmen march, who served their King
                                    Throughout the dual Teuton wars athwart a troubled world.
                                    Heath, birch and alder wave their verdant hillside compliments,
                                    Stirred by the constant Badenoch winds to greet Clan Mhuirich's men;
                                    Soar high, Green Banner, o'er your gathered Clan come home once more!
                                                                                                                                              M. B. H. RITCHIE.

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

WHICH CHIEF?
From -R. G. M. Macpherson, F.R.S.A., F.S.A.Scot. Honorary Secretary, Canada Branch

SIR,
      I understand a question has arisen regarding the identity of the Macpherson chief in the famous Mclan painting, a line drawing from which I contributed to the 1959 issue of Creag Dhubh (p. 7).

      There is an abundance of evidence that the model was indeed ' Old Cluny ', but in order to allay any possible doubt in the matter, I would ask you, Sir, to find space for two quotations from the King Penguin Highland Dress published in 1948. The first is from one of the prefaces.

R. R. McIAN.
      'The twenty-four colour plates in this small volume are all taken from The Clans of the Scottish Highlands, by James Logan, with original sketches by R. R. Mclan, and first published in two large quarto volumes by Ackermann & Co., London, in 1845 and 1847 . . . . James Logan, who wrote the accompanying descriptions to the book, had a varied career. Born at Aberdeen, towards the end of the eighteenth century, he was himself an artist but devoted his life to antiquarian research. He was the author of the celebrated The Scottish Gael, to-day regarded as an authoritative account of the history of the manners and national peculiarities of the Highlanders.'

      The second quotation is the 'accompanying description' of the original of the drawing.

PLATE 14.
MACPHERSON
      'Clan Macpherson formed part of the Clan Chattan Confederation, and portrayed here is Ewen Macpherson of Cluny, twenty-third chief of the clan. He was the last of the picturesque old Higliland Chiefs, who maintained the old traditions until his death in 1885. 'He is seen here in full Court dress, wearing a tartan only used by the chief. The Hunting sett often referred to as the 'grey plaid of Cluny' was used by the clansmen from the earliest times, but there are several other setts in existence, including a dress tartan with a red background!

      One sentence has obviously been added since the original was written, but there can be no doubt to which chief the description refers.

Yours, etc.,
                                                                                                            R. G. M. MACPHERSON

SIR,
      Enclosed is a copy of bur family tree with supporting documents from the Scots Ancestry Research Society. I am now trying to fill in some of the gaps before 1716.

      The family seem to have settled in the Durris district since the seventeenth century. Durris, Strachan and Houghhead, the three parishes mentioned in the tree are near Banchory in Kincardine. According to the report no records exist in the District prior to 1716.

      Could any member of the clan give any suggestions for continuing the search?

Yours, etc.,
                                                                                                             JAMES McPHERSON.
c/o Iraq Petroleum Co. Ltd.,
P.O. Box 150, Tripoli, Lebanon.

SIR,
      It may interest some clansman to know that Messrs John Grant, Booksellers, Ltd., of 31 George IV Bridge, Edinburgh, have for sale one copy of Alexander Macpherson's book, Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands. I understand the price is thirty shillings. I venture to write as I think it would be a pity if any of the few copies which come on the market were lost to the clan.

Yours, etc.,
                                                                                                             DUNEIDEANN.

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CLUNY'S 'WATCH' (Continued) ,
The defenders put forward various legal expedients to delay the case, e.g., lack of due notice and alleged offers to Cluny's sergeant of the Watch to assist in the tracing of the thieves, but after hearing evidence of identification of the beasts and of the defenders having been seen drinking 'aqua vitae' with Glengarry men who were by 'habit and repute of bad character,' the Sheriff granted decree, although with some modification of the expenses claimed. It is interesting to see that an officer of the law could safely serve a summons on Highland lawbreakers in their houses, though admittedly in some cases, in their absence. The various pleas put forward by the defenders to delay the conclusion of the matter show that the lawyers of those days were ingenious in thinking up obstructions to the course of justice. It would also appear from the terms of the decree and of some of the correspondence examined that Cluny himself did not always conduct the operations of his Watch in person, but delegated this on some occasions at least to subordinates described as sergeants. In a letter to Cluny from a representative of certain proprietors under the protection of the Watch, the writer mentions that no doubt Cluny had heard that his men 'had turned seven head of cattle crossing the water of Ness with the hazard of William Macpherson's life, but the thieves got off.' It does not appear whether the unfortunate William Macpherson had been killed, wounded, or merely in danger from the resistance presumably put up by the escaping thieves.

_______________

ACROSTIC TO THE MEMORY OF THE HONOURABLE, PIOUS AND TRULY VIRTUOUS THE LADY CLUNES WHO DIED ON I 24tb JANUARY 1727
ANE ACCROSTICK
ANNE MACKPHERSON*
                                                  A vessel for the Master's use made meet
                                                  Now on leaving earth, in heavenly places set,
                                                  No cause she hath at all the change to rue,
                                                  Each day this was the hope she did pursue.

                                                  Mirror of Piety for manners bright
                                                  Adorned with virtues rare -- a shining light,
                                                  Comely in person, handsome mien and height,
                                                  Kind to her friends, to great and small discreet,
                                                  Prudent and just, in conversation sweet,
                                                  Humble and civil, even in her walk,
                                                  Exact her affairs, of modest talk,
                                                  Retired in her devotions, always chaste,
                                                  Sure in her promise, once her word she passed,
                                                  Obliging still to all, yet never mean,
                                                  Neat in her dress, in her conscience clean.

Vivet post funera virtus

___________

* Daughter of the 16th chief, Duncan of Cluny. Married Sir Archibald Campbell of Clunes.

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The Rt. Hon. LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER

      It hardly seems twelve years since I first met Lord Macpherson, then Tom Macpherson, M.P. for Romford, but I knew at that time that here was a forceful personality, and one who would indeed be a first class leader of the Clan Macpherson Association.

      So it was that on a brilliant sunny day in 1947 Tom was elected first Chairman of the Association. What a wonderful gathering we had in the land of our ancestors! Then that memorable march from Newtonmore Village School to the Games Field, led by Glasgow Police Pipe Band followed by the Colour Party. Behind, in column of threes, marched the Association led by Tom Macpherson, M.P., the Chairman, who must have been a proud man as he sensed the historic impact of the occasion.

      But now, who is this man Tom Macpherson?

      He was born in Glasgow on the 9th of July 1888, where he was educated. After a few years in his father's bakery business, he entered the Food and Produce Trade of which he has been a prominent member ever since. He served for fifteen years in the Territorials in the Glasgow Highlanders (9th H.L.I.) of illustrious name and fame, including the First World War. He was twice Mentioned in Dispatches and was awarded the M.S.M. During the Second World War he was Regional Port Director for Scotland for the Ministry of War Transport; was awarded the American Medal of Freedom with Silver Palms for services to the U.S. Army, and made an Officer of the Order of Orange Nassau for services to the Netherlands shipping.

      Tom and his wife, Lucy, have one son, James Gordon, who is following in his father's footsteps, and is a very active member of the Association, and two daughters, Nan and Shona. There are nine grandchildren.

      A keen sportsman, Tom played Rugby for Headingley and Eccles, and enjoys nothing better than a good shoot over the moors of Badenoch.

      As a young man he worked in Glasgow, Leeds and Manchester and for the last forty years in London. He is now head of Macpherson, Train & Co. Ltd., Foreign and Colonial Food and Produce Importers and Exporters, London, and subsidiary Companies. A member and office-bearer in many Trade Associations, Tom was Chairman of the London Provision Exchange in 1941, took an active part in Food Defence Plans organisation in 1938-39, was a member of the Port of London Authority, was responsible for organising the Thames Water Bus Service, and was latterly Chairman of the Thames Passenger Services Committee. He is a Freeman of the City of London.

      Now let us look at the New Year's Honours List of 1951. Yes, you are right! Baron -- Mr Thomas Macpherson, M.P. for Romford, 1945-50. A lifetime of public service received its just award, and the Clan Macpherson Association took the honour unto itself. Lord Macpherson, Chairman of the body he helped to organise, prime mover in the acquisition of the relics from Cluny Castle when exposed for sale in his own home city, and instigator of the move to purchase the house now

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known as the Clan Macpherson House and Museum in Newtonmore. If for nothing else, Lord Macpherson will be remembered for his highly successful Chairmanship of the Council of Scottish Clan Societies, during which period the famous 1951 Gathering of the Clans was held, the first of its kind since the '45. It was my privilege at that time to serve with him on the Council and I think the Gathering of the Clans must have stemmed from a discussion we had in the Balavil Arms Hotel, Newtonmore, a year or two before. Suffice it to say that the Gathering was the most successful event of the Festival of Britain, and this was due in no small measure to the leadership and drive of the Chairman.

      His five years as Chairman of the Clan Macpherson Association will remain one of the highlights of a notable career and it is good to know that Drumochter still has the good and welfare of the Association at heart, as witness his many trips overseas, where he meets Macphersons in all walks of life - -indeed, only last week I had a postcard from him post-marked 'Tokyo'. We are always happy to welcome Lord and Lady Macpherson to our meetings and Rallies in Badenoch which they continue to attend with regularity.
                                                                                                         HUGH MACPHERSON, Chairman.

_____________

CLANSMEN OF THE YEAR
Sir JOHN STUART MACPHERSON, G.C.M.G., M.A., L.L.D.
      In August 1959, Sir John retired from the post of Permanent UnderSecretary of State for the Colonies after a distinguished career in many parts of the Commonwealth.

      In July 1957, Edinburgh University conferred upon him the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws and the Laureation Address summarises his career.

      "Sir John Macpherson is a Scot, born in Scotland of Scottish parents and educated at Watson's and the University of Edinburgh. He served in the Army as a subaltern in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in the last years of the First World War, and, in 1921, he was chosen for the Malayan Civil Service.

      For the next twelve years he served his apprenticeship in Malaya and learned at ground level the art of government. It is an open secret that he looks back to his district days on the east coast of Malaya as perhaps the happiest years of his service. In 1933 he was brought to London to do a two years' spell of duty at the Colonial Office. There he found himself in a humble capacity dealing with, first, East African, and then, Palestine affairs, but so impressive was his work that in 1937 he was taken from Malaya and made Principal Assistant Secretary, Nigeria -- a veritable translation from one world to another.

      In Nigeria he showed his quality very quickly, so that, in 1939, he was selected for the difficult task of Chief Secretary of the Government of Palestine. He held this key post with distinction until 1943, when he was sent to Washington as Head of the British Colonies Supply

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Mission, and later was entrusted with the duties of Comptroller for Development and Welfare in the West Indies at a time when the groundwork was being prepared for the Caribbean Federation of to-day.

      In 1948 he was called to be Governor of Nigeria, and in 1954 became the first Governor-General of that territory. He retired a year later. In 1956, to the delight of all those in Her Majesty's Overseas Civil Service serving overseas, he was invited to become Permanent UnderSecretary of State for the Colonies, a post which is usually held by a Home Civil Servant. The selection of an Overseas Officer for such a position is a rare honour, both to the man and to the Overseas Service.

      Of great administrative ability, proved by a record of efficiency wherever he has served; of great political ability, proved by his sensitive handling of the new forces of nationalism in the overseas territories, Sir John Macpherson's greatest quality is that of inspired and inspiring leadership.

      But, in spite of success, he himself has remained unaffected and untouched by any sense of personal pomp. He counts his real friends in all walks of life, in all colours and creeds. His service in Nigeria, at a time of most rapid political advancement, is perhaps the period when he has been most in the public eye, and there is no man in that region better known or better loved.

      I present Sir John Macpherson for the Degree of Doctor of Laws as a man of whom his Alma Mater may be justly proud, and I ask you to confer upon him the reward which he go well deserves."

      Few men, and probably fewer officials, can have left behind them such a trail of affection and goodwill. We ourselves have heard personal tributes from what was Palestine, from the Carribbean, and from Malaya, the last from an old friend who maintains he still looks the same as he did in those early days of his service, which tempts one into a digression on the subject of his perpetual youth. He himself confesses that the relaxation he enjoys most is more work, and a glance at his portrait will show that it has certainly agreed with him, whatever chronological time may have to say about it.

      To return to that trail of affection: when Sir John retired from the Governor-Generalship of Nigeria in 1955, The Daily Times of Lagos honoured the occasion with a special' Macpherson Farewell Souvenir Issue', which contained pages of tributes from tribal chiefs, bishops, federal and regional prime ministers, trade union leaders and many others, testifying to his 'sincerity and friendliness' , great ability, tact and wisdom', 'great and magnetic personality', 'his far-sighted and dynamic spirit', and almost all include that word 'friendliness ', the same inherited characteristic so noted in that other, eighteenth-century Sir John, who was Governor General of India. To Lady Macpherson, too, are many tributes -- 'Our Lady Mac' as they called her -- for her work among the women of Nigeria as well as in the Red Cross and other spheres.

      Sir John is also a very friendly and keen clansman, who responded at once to the call when the Association was brought into being. He

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has more than once expressed his admiration for the energy and initiative of the founders, and his great interest in the response from a parts of the world. He is descended from William Macpherson, the last tenant of Glengynack, who subsequently moved to Shanval in Strone. A headstone in the old graveyard at Kingussie commemorates William's son, James, who died in 1833, aged sixty-seven years. The family later moved to the shires of Moray and Nairn, where they became extensive farmers and land-reclaimers. Later still, John, a grandson of James, came south to Edinburgh and bought the Cockburn Hotel, which is still owned by the family. He took a prominent part in Edinburgh public life, being for many years a member of the Town Council and a Bailie. Sir John has been an active committee member of the English Branch for some years and also vice-chairman. He has one son, Ian Francis Cluny, who is now an Administrative Officer in Tanganyika, i's married and has one daughter.

      It would be a great loss if the Commonwealth were deprived of Sir John's knowledge and modern outlook, and influences are already at work in London to persuade him to continue his good work -- in another capacity -- apart from which, it would, not surprise any of his friends if he were to be raised to another sphere of influence where his gifts and experience would be invaluable. One danger is that his services may be snapped up by 'big business', but to a, man of his superabundant energy a few directorships would amount to only a little more of what he calls relaxation.

WILLIAM J. (IAIN) MACPHERSON, M.A., Ph.D.(Cantab.)
      Recently appointed, at the age of thirty-four, Fellow and Tutor of Gonville and Caius, Cambridge, Iain has had a distinguished academic career. He is the son of Mr and Mrs T. J. Macpherson, Kingsmills Road, Inverness, and, like his parents, is a staunch Highlander. He never misses an opportunity to wear the kilt.

      He was educated at the High School and Royal Academy, Inverness, where he received, among other awards, the Honour Medal,. A keen Scout, he gained his King's Scout Badge while a member of the 3rd Inverness (Crown) Group.

      On leaving school during the war he entered the Services and served for four years with the 6th Gurkha Rifles in India and Malaya, rising to the rank of Staff-Captain.

      On his release from the Army, he attended Aberdeen University, graduating M.A. with 1st Class Honours in Economics, and received the Stephen Scholarship and Town Council Prize in Political Economy.

      During his studies at Aberdeen, Iain played for the University Shinty Club, and gained his Blue. His shinty genius is inherited from his father, a native of Laggan, Badenoch, who, in his younger days, wag a famous wielder of the caman.

      Later Iain received his Ph.D. at Cambridge, and returned to Aberdeen University as an assistant lecturer. On his recent appointment he has returned to Cambridge, where he now lives with his wife and child.

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A CLANSMAN AT BADAJOS

      On the 6th of April each year is commemorated by the Sherwood Foresters at Derby an incident which took place during the Storming of BadaJos in 1812. On that day a 'red jacket' is flown from the flagstaff, representing one worn by Lieutenant James Macpherson on the day of the battle. The incident is recorded in the official history of the regiment and in the Life of (General) Sir Thomas Picton, by H. B. Robinson.

      It should first be stated that the success of Wellington's campaign depended on the taking of Badajos and Cuidad Rodrigo. His army was based on Portugal and the sea, and the above two heavily fortified towns commanding the passes into Spain were strongly held by the French. Hence the determined efforts to take the almost impregnable Badajos, efforts which, after the loss of 5000 killed and wounded, nearly ended in failure.

      Twelve days' cannonade were devoted to making breaches in the walls, but the French replied by building fresh obstacles behind them. Wellington ordered that the place must be taken at all costs, but the main assaults, one after another, against the breaches were failures. As a distraction and a forlorn hope, escalading parties had been directed against the Castle strong point and a point in rear of the town. In the lead of the main escalading party were The Sherwood Foresters.'

      The following graphic account is taken from the books above mentioned:--
           ' . . . at 10 o'clock on the night of the 6th they moved forward, carrying all available ladders. French fire balls revealed the advance and every gun was turned on them. Though casualties were severe, they reached the ditch surrounding the castle and tried to train their ladders against the walls. . . . Vast fragments of stone, like rocks, which had been poised upon the walls, were pitched down upon the assailants, crushing them in a frightful manner; whilst hand grenades, shells and guns loaded to the muzzle with grape and case-shot, all burst forth at once. The incessant flashes threw a terrible glare over the scene . . . men could be discerned . . . some pressing forward with the ladders . . . men strove to rest the ladders against the ramparts; but the defenders had long poles shod with iron with which they forced them back, while those on the wall swept off all who endeavoured to mount.

      ' . . . at length, however, the assailants succeeded in erecting three ladders and one of the first to make the daring ascent was Lieutenant Macpherson of the 45th, closely followed by Sir Edward Pakenham. He arrived unharmed within a few rungs of the top when he discovered that the ladder was about three feet too short. Still undaunted, he called to those below to raise it more perpendicularly; and while he, with great exertion, pushed it from the wall at the top, the men, with a loud cheer, brought it nearer at the base: but this

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was done so suddenly that Macpherson was on a level with the rampart before he could prepare for defence, and he saw a French soldier deliberately point his musket against his body without having the least power to strike it aside. The man fired and the ball struck one of the Spanish silver buttons on his waistcoat, which it broke in half. This changed its deadly direction and caused it to glance off, not, however, before it had broken two ribs, the fractured part of one being pressed in upon his lungs, so as almost to stop respiration. Still he did not fall, but contrived to hold on by the upper round of the ladder, conscious that he was wounded, but ignorant to what extent. He could not, however, advance. Pakenham strove to pass him, but in the effort was also severely wounded. Almost at the same moment the ladder broke: destruction seemed inevitable, for a chevaux de frise of bayonets was beneath. Still, even at such a moment as this, their presence of mind was unshaken. . . . Macpherson contrived, by getting to the back of the ladder, to descend to the ditch in safety, where he lay for a short time insensible.

      'When reason returned, he found himself attended by two of his men . . . he made a violent effort to rise, during which the bone which had been pressing on his lungs was forced from its place and he obtained instant relief . . . He arose and again mounted the ladder, but the walls were now gained . . . he directed his steps to the tower on which he had in the morning seen the French flag waving in proud defiance. . . . "I, at length", to use his own words, "found my way to the tower where I perceived the sentry still at his post. With my sword drawn I seized him and desired him in French to show me the way to the colours."'

      The sentry refused and Macpherson handed him over to a noncommissioned officer. He ascended the tower and was rewarded upon reaching the top by finding the French colour still flying. He instantly tore it down; when, for lack of anything else, he took off his red jacket and hoisted it on the staff as an honourable substitute for the British flag.

      Lieutenant Macpherson waited upon General Picton the following day and presented to him the flag he had taken. His distinguished behaviour had already been reported to the General, who received him in the most kind and friendly manner, but would not accept the flag, from the hope that it might do the officer more service in a higher quarter. "No", he said, "take it to Lord Wellington and show him what the 3rd Division can do."

      Macpherson was suffering much pain from his wound, and felt little inclination to intrude himself at headquarters, but Picton, with friendly warmth, insisted on his going. He accordingly presented the flag to the Lord Wellington, was thanked and invited to dinner. His wound, however, prevented him accepting the inv