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CONTENTS
                                           
   APPOINTMENT OF A CURATOR       42  
   BALANCE SHEET    44
   CLAN HOUSE APPEAL FUND    26
   CLANSMAN OF THE YEAR    29
   CLANSWOMAN OF THE YEAR    30
   CLUNY OF THE 'FORTY-FIVE    31
   EDITORIAL      4
   HISTORY OF CLAN CHATTAN    12
   INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT    43
   IN MEMORIUM -- CLUNY MACPHERSON    11
   LETTERS TO THE EDITOR    20
   LT.-COL.ALEXANDER KILGOUR MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O.    28
   MARRIAGES    42
   MONTROSE AND CLUNY MACPHERSON    15
   OBITUARIES    17
   'OLD CLUNY'      5
   'OLD CLUNY' AFTER MANY YEARS    16
   REPORTS FROM BRANCHES    35
   THE 1959 RALLY    19
   THE CLAN RALLY, 1958    23
   THE CLAN SCHOOL AT RUTHVEN, PART 2    25
   THE END OF OLD DUNCAN OF CLUNY'S BLOOD    21
                                                                                   
Price to Non-Members, and for additional Copies. 7/6
                                                                                   
Contributioni and all Branch Reports for the 1959 Number should reach the Editor as early as possible and certainly not later than 1st December 1958.
                                                                                   
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CREAG DHUBH
                        No. 11        'OLD CLUNY' MEMORIAL NUMBER           1959

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

THE ANNUAL OF
THE CLAN MACPHERSON
ASSOCIATION
                                                                                                                                                                

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CLAN MACPHERSON ASSOCIATION

_____________________

Hon. President
EWEN GEORGE MACPHERSON OF CLUNY MACPHERSON
Chief of the Clan

Hon. Vice-Presidents
Lt.-Col. A. K. MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.O., D.L.
Senior Chieftain in the Clan
The Right Hon. LORD MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER
Major NIALL M. S. MACPHERSON, M.A., M.P.

COUNCIL

Officers of the Association

Chairman Councillor HUGH MACPHERSON, F.S.A.SCOT.

Vice-Chairman
THE HON. J. GORDON MACPHERSON

Hon. Secretary
A. F. MACPHERSON, W.S.

Hon. Treasurer
ALLAN G. MACPHERSON,

Editor of Clan Annual
Major J. E. MACPHERSON

Registrar
Miss Christine Macpherson, M.A., West High Street, Kingussie

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BRANCH REPRESENTATIVES
                       
BADENOCH JOHN S. MACPHERSON, Dukeville, Kingussie
NORTH OF SCOTLAND ALASTAIR W. MACPHERSON, The Park, Lhanbryde, Morayshire
DAVID MACPHERSON, 26 Upper Kessock Street, Inverness
EAST OF SCOTLAND GEO. J MACPHERSON, 47 Kekewich Avenue, Edinburgh, 4
   GEORGE A. MACPHERSON, 1 Chesser Loan,
   Edinburgh, 11
WEST OF SCOTLAND DONALD MCPHERSON, 20 Ancaster Drive, Glasgow, W.2
HAMISH MACPHERSON, 1356 Pollokshaws Road, Glasgow, S.1
ENGLAND & WALES The Hon. J. GORDON MACPHERSON, Normans, Warley, Brentwood, Essex
Sir JOHN MACPHERSON, K.C.M.G., The Colonial Office, The Church House, Great Smith Street, London SW1
CANADALt.-Col. CLUNY MACPHERSON, C.M.G., M.D., St John's, Newfoundland
;LLOYD C. MACPHERSON, BSC, MS. IN ED., St Andrew's College, Aurora, Ont
SOUTHLAND, N.Z. E.M. MACPHERSON, 64 Louisa Street, Invercargill
U.S.A.    Mrs ALBERTA MACPHERSON-COSTELLO,
   371 East 21st Street, Brooklyn, New York
Registrar and Curator (Vacant) Clan House, Newtonmore
Senior PiperANGUS MACPHERSON, Inveran, Sutherland
Junior Piper DONALD MACPHERSON, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire
Hon. Auditor KENNETH N. MCPHERSON, C.A., 41 Comely Bank Rd , Edinburgh, 4

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'OLD CLUNY' MEMORIAL NUMBER

EDITORIAL

      This year we pay our respects to a great peace-time Chief by recording the tributes paid to him by his clansmen and other contemporaries. The term 'gracious living' had not attained common currency in his day, but from all accounts 'Old Cluny' must have been one of its greatest exponents.

      We are indebted to the head of the Blairgowrie family for the documents revealing some little-known history of the Clan Chattan. We would like to have been present at that 'strong and litigious debate' which took place in Edinburgh in 1672.

      Death has taken a heavy toll in the past year and filled our obituary pages. We mourn many devoted clansmen: 'great is our loss and grievous', but though 'the captains and the kings depart', we can remind ourselves that the Clan itself is immortal.

      The pressure on our space has been such that much important matter has had to be held over, notably a documented genealogy of the Phoness family, by Alan G. Macpherson, M.A., an article on 'Cluny's Watch ', by A. F. Macpherson, W.S., and a first description of a number of important books and documents left to the Association by Alastair Macpherson-Grant. The most important item in the collection is a very large volume containing four hundred MS. pages of Clan history and genealogies. In this connection, if any reader knows the address of any descendant of Alexander Macpherson of Kingussie, author of Glimpses of Church and Social Life in the Highlands, and generally known as 'The Banker', he would be doing the Clan an important service by sending it to us.

      For permission to reproduce the excellent portrait of 'Old Cluny' we are indebted to Messrs William Blackwood & Sons: the drawing of Cluny as a young man, taken from Maclan's Highlanders, was contributed by R. G. M. Macpherson, our Honorary Secretary for Canada.

      It has been suggested that the magazine could become a more effective link between our widely-spread clansmen if readers would make full use of the ' Letters to the Editor' section. It is thought that the section might well become a forum for Clan suggestions, opinions and queries. We are accordingly prepared to place more space at the disposal of readers for this purpose, and letters from overseas will be particularly welcome.

      The theme of the 1960 Number will be 'Duncan of the Kiln', the only son of Ewan of the '45 and father of 'Old Cluny'. It will include, along with other items from the Cluny Charter Chest, that remarkable and touching, but little-known, letter written to him by his mother in exile, when he was thirteen years old and 'att Mr Hector Frazer's Scool att Inverness'.

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'OLD CLUNY'
EWEN MACPHERSON OF CLUNY MACPHERSON
CHIEF OF CLAN CHATTAN, C.B.
Born 1804. Died 1885
      Affection and respect are two terms seldom met with together in this materialistic age, and to few people in public life are they now both accorded. The Clan has been fortunate in having Chiefs worthy of both, and one is outstanding in the abundance of affection and respect he inspired in his lifetime. To-day, three quarters of a century after his death, the name of 'Old Cluny' still stands as a symbol of combined respect and affection.

      The aim of this memorial number is to reinforce the tradition with the printed word before the memory begins to fade, to present Old Cluny as he appeared to his contemporaries, as far as possible in their own words. The basis is the account given by Alexander Macpherson, one-time Provost of Kingussie, who was factor for the Cluny estates and a personal friend of the Chief. To that have been added extracts from the Golden Wedding Memorial Volume and numerous periodicals of the period, as well as contributions from past and present residents of Badenoch.

      Born on the 24th of April 1804, Cluny, as he was popularly known all over. the Highlands, was the representative of the ancient Chiefs of Clan Chattan and was the twentieth in direct succession from Gillicattan Mor, the Chief who lived in Malcolm Canmore's reign. He succeeded to the Chiefship and to the Cluny estates on the death of his father, 'Duncan of the Kiln', in 1817, when he was only thirteen years of age. Sir Walter Scott, in a letter to Miss Edgeworth, describes him at that time as "a fine-spirited boy, fond of his people and kind to them, and the best dancer of a Highland reel now living."

      The son of an officer who fought in the American War of Independence; grandson of the devoted Ewan of Cluny, who died in exile after the '45; great grandson of Simon, Lord Lovat, who suffered in the same cause, and great-great-grandson of the heroic Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel, Cluny always maintained with dignity the fame of his ancestry. For more than half a century he was perhaps the most conspicuous figure in the social life of the Highlands. No movement of importance was inaugurated during that period with which his name was not prominently and honourably identified.

      He was educated at Edinburgh University and, having decided on the army, joined first The Royal Scots and later the Black Watch. Leaving the service on coming into possession of his estates, he settled down to discharge the duties of, his position.

The Wedding
      Cluny was married on the 20th December 1832 to Sarah Justina, of the well-known family of Davidson of Tulloch. The ceremony took place at St George's, Hanover Square, then, as later, the church

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for fashionable weddings. Afterwards they set off for Leamington, and did not reach the Highlands till the following June, when a great reception awaited them.

      The following account is taken from The Inverness Courier of 19th June 1833:-- " On Tuesday the 11th inst., a considerable number of gentlemen of Badenoch, with a large proportion of the people of that district, amounting to upwards of one thousand, went in procession, accompanied by pipers, to welcome home their Chief, Cluny Macpherson, and his lady, to their residence of Cluny Castle. As the latter had never before been in the north, the utmost anxiety was evinced by the tenantry and Caithfhirnich to give her a Highland welcome. The procession was headed by about fifty gentlemen on horseback, including Captain Macpherson, Beallidmore; Captain Macpherson, Noidmore; Captain Cattanach, Strone House, etc. Nearly the whole were in Highland dress. Before the arrival of the Chief and his lady, their healths were drunk in double bumpers at the inn at Dalwhinnie, where, about three o'clock, Cluny and his lady arrived in their carriage. An anker of whisky was broached, out of which bumpers were quaffed to the health of the Chief and his lady. They then proceeded to the Castle in the following order: The Highlanders with pipers in front playing 'The Macpherson's Gathering', followed by the carriage, with the horsemen in rear. When within a mile of the Castle the horses were taken from the carriage, which was drawn by the Highlanders, cheering as they went. On arriving at the Castle, the Chief, in an appropriate address in Gaelic, expressed his warm sense of the attention paid himself and his lady. . . . The rejoicings on this happy event were universal in the whole district of Badenoch."

A Helpmeet Indeed
      In this lady Cluny found indeed a helpmeet, and the more than fifty years of their happy married life have been commemorated by cairns on Badenoch's hills. During that period Cluny Castle was visited by personages occupying the highest positions in the realm, and was annually the scene of some of the most brilliant social meetings in the Highlands. Queen Victoria, on her first Highland tour, visited Cluny, and for a time occupied his residence of Ardverikie, overlooking the waters of Loch Laggan. Meeting Cluny frequently, the Queen was most favourably impressed by his courtesy, as he was greatly charmed by her attentions. After leaving Laggan she commanded that one of his sons should enter the Royal service, and George Gordon, the third son, became a page of honour.

      The two other sons entered the army. Duncan, who served in the Egyptian War as Colonel of the Black Watch, and Ewen, who commanded the 93rd Highlanders. Cluny himself was connected with the Volunteer Movement from its commencement, and commanded

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the Inverness-shire Rifles, in which capacity he attended the Royal [and Wet] Review in Edinburgh in 1881, When he was seventy-eight years of age. Captain Cheyne Macpherson, in The Chiefs of Clan Macpherson, says that, despite the frightful weather, the old Chief disdained even the use of his plaid as protection. "Riding down

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Princes Street," he says, "Cluny was singled out for rounds of cheering." The same authority says a contemporary informed him that on the occasions when Cluny visited Edinburgh, his progress down the streets was always heralded by curtsies from the women and doffed hats from the men-so well was he known and respected.

      Among the many offices held by Cluny were those of Deputy Lieutenant and Magistrate of the County, Governor of the Caledonian Bank, Director of the Highland Railway, Permanent Steward of the Northern Meetings and President of many Associations in Badenoch.

Social Life
      He entered into all the social and sporting activities of the North. No more regular attender, no more picturesque or commanding figure could be found at the various Highland gatherings. Winter or summer Cluny dressed in the garb of Old Gaul and wore the three eagle's feathers to which his rank entitled him. A proficient Gaelic scholar, he never spoke English when conversing with his friends in Badenoch. Of him it could be said that he spoke English as if he knew no Gaelic and Gaelic as if he knew no English. He was beloved by those who knew him within the privileged circle of his family and esteemed by all who had occasion to associate with him in public affairs. In 1874 he and his eldest son were presented with the freedom of Inverness.

      Cluny's third son, who had been page of honour to Queen Victoria and had become a Captain in the Coldstream Guards, had incurred very heavy debts which his father discharged for him, but in order to do so, had to sell a large part of the estates, including Ardverikie. He broke the entail and George Gordon was disinherited.

The Golden Wedding
      At Cluny Castle, in December 1882, was celebrated with great rejoicings the fiftieth anniversary of Cluny's marriage, and advantage was taken of the occasion to testify to the esteem in which the venerable Chief and his wife were held throughout the kingdom. Addresses from the Clan, the tenantry, and from numerous public bodies were presented, and also a massive silver candelabrum, subscribed for by friends and admirers in all parts of the world. They received an ovation such as seldom if ever previously had been witnessed in the Highlands. Deputations from all the public bodies with which Cluny was connected brought congratulatory addresses couched in the warmesf terms, and a large and distinguished party of clansmen and friends, headed by Sir George Macpherson-Grant and the veteran General Sir Herbert Macpherson, waited upon Cluny and his lady to present them with an illuminated address and the silver candelabrum, a group representing a striking incident* in the history of Cluny of the '45, for whose capture, dead or alive, the Government of the day had offered a reward of 1,000 guineas and a Company in one of the Regiments of the Line.
___________

* [The incident referred to is described in Creag Dhubh, No. 10, p. 7.]

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The Illuminated Address
      In the address was expressed warm appreciation of the admirable way in which Cluny had, for more than half a century, with a grace and dignity peculiarly his own, discharged every public and private duty devolving on him, and which had won for him the universal popularity he happily enjoyed.

      On the part of his own 'faithful and attached clan', 'allied to him by closer ties and sympathies the address specially recorded' their love and veneration for their old patriarchal Chief, and their pride in him as representative of all they and their forefathers have ever held most precious as children of one race'.

      Sir George Macpherson-Grant, in presenting the address to Cluny, said:-- " This address speaks of your clansmen. . . . I have the feeling in my heart that, as long as the clan exists, the sense of the duty which clansmen owe to their chief can never be torn from our hearts. We cannot show our sense of that duty, that loyalty, that affection in the same way as it has frequently been shown before, but the spirit of it remains the same in the hearts of us all. . . . I have only now to ask you to accept this address and this memorial . . . perhaps as you look at the latter, you may feel that there were loyal hearts in Badenoch in the days when English gold could not tempt the Highland people to give up your distinguished ancestor, or the Prince to whose cause he was so faithfully attached."

Cluny's Reply
      In the course of a touching reply, Cluny said:-- It has been my delight, and that of my wife, to dwell among our own people and to endeavour so to act in every relation of life as to secure their affection and respect. Nothing could give us greater satisfaction in the evening of life than the consciousness of having so acted; and nothing to us is more gratifying than the strong testimony we have now received that we have in some measure succeeded in doing our duty and retaining the confidence and goodwill of so large a circle of friends. . . . To my clansmen I will say this, that though the days are past when the gathering cries of the clans resounded throughout the Highlands and the clansmen hastened to the banners of their chiefs, there is no abatement in their old feeling of devotion, nor of affection and pride on the Chief's part towards and in his clansmen. These feelings it has been my pride and pleasure to cherish; and the feelings you, my clansmen, have expressed towards your Chief will, I am sure, find an echo in the hearts of clansmen all the world over."

The Subscribers
      The subscribers to the presentation numbered between three and four hundred, and embraced all the historic names in the Highlands. The existing chiefs of clans were nearly all represented -- Cameron of Lochiel, The Chisholm of Chisholm, Lord Lovat (Chief of the Clan

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Fraser), the Earl of Seafteld (Chief of the Clan Grant), Lord Macdonald of the Isles, Mackintosh of Mackintosh, MacLeod of MacLeod and Sir Robert Menzies. The Macphersons are represented by one hundred names. Had time permitted communication with Australia the number would have been still greater. Contributions were cabled by the Speaker of the Senate of Canada (Sir D. L. Macpherson) from Canadian clansmen and by a barrister in Washington from clansmen in the United States.

      In addition to the many congratulatory addresses from public bodies were two less formal from which extracts might be taken. One from the fourteen servants at Cluny Castle contains the words," . . . it is our privilege and pleasure to serve -a master and mistress to whom unvarying kindness and consideration is natural . . ."

      Another from seven grandchildren, 'done up in vellum and beautifully illuminated', says:-" . . . you have always been so kind and indulgent to us, showing us at the same time such an excellent example, and training us up in the fear of God, that it will be the aim and ambition of our lives to imitate the pattern you have set us . . ."

Courtesy and Tolerance
      Cluny was always courteous and tolerant to all who differed from him, disarming contention, as he frequently did, with the remark, " We must agree to differ ". During his long possession of the estates, evictions or summonses of removal were never heard of, and practically there were no arrears of rent. It is no exaggeration to say that every tenant and crofter on his estates was familiarly known to him by name. He never passed one without some happy salutation in the Gaelic.

      Though Cluny never sought honours or recognition of any sort, a few years before his death he was appointed Companion of the Bath. In January 1883, on giving up the command of the Inverness Highland Rifle Volunteers he was presented with a sword of honour.

      In January 1885, after a few days' illness, this full and happy life came to an end.

SOME TRIBUTES
      At a dinner on a Clan occasion at the Drumgask Hotel, Laggan, on 10th June 1897, Provost Alexander Macpherson gave the following testimony borne to Old Cluny's character by three distinguished Scots of that day. The report is taken from the Scottish Highlander.:--
     In one of his books Professor Blackie had characterised Old Cluny as " the genuine type of the Scottish Chief, the chief who loved his people, and spoke the language of his people, and lived on his property, and delighted in old traditions, in old servants, in old services and old kindly usages of all kinds."

      On the occasion of Cluny and Lady Cluny's golden wedding, the welt-known artist, Sir Noel Paton, wrote in the following terms:-" I hasten to express the cordial satisfaction with which I hear of the action now being taken by the Clansmen and friends of Cluny to do what honour they can to the splendid old man, who, born to a position higher than any mere title or landed possession could

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bestow, has had the somewhat rare merit in these degenerate days of recognising and, through a long life, nobly fuffilling the duties imposed upon him by that Position."

      On the same occasion Sheriff Nicholson wrote:-- "l send my hearty congratulations and sympathy, and my best wishes for the continued health and happiness of these dear and honoured friends. Buaidh 'us piseach orra. There are Highland Chiefs whom I highly esteem, but there is only one who has my affectionate veneration as the living embodiment, to my eyes, of what a true Highland Chief should be. Had I to choose a chief for myself, I would go to Cluny Castle and offer my allegiance there."

      The Northern Chronicle of 27th December 1882:-- " The Highland people honour -- in truth, almost worship-him because he has always been proud to be one of themselves, a Chief who spoke Gaelic, lived among his people like his sires before him, and tried to be more than a landlord -- even a patron, counsellor and friend. . . . The Macphersons may well be proud of their venerable Chief, but in truth he is honoured and claimed as a sort of great common Chief by all Highlanders at home and abroad,"

IN MEMORIAM

CLUNY MACPHERSON
(Died 11th January 1885)
                           He's gone! he's gone! the grand old man we knew --
                           The noblest chief, the kindest and the best;
                           The high-souled Highlander, the patriot true,
                           Has gone from earth to his eternal rest.
                           Wide o'er the land the mournful tale has sped --
                           "Cluny is gone! Clan Chattan's Chief is dead!"

                           In palace and in cot the wail is heard,
                           And hundreds mourn for him who's passed away --
                           Beloved of those who in his friendship shared;
                           Revered by all who felt his genial sway.
                           The cry has gone from farthest shore to shore --
                           "Cluny is dead! Clan Chattan's Chief's no more!"

                           We mourn thee sore, tho' all must bow to fate:
                           Farewell, old Chief, 'twere hard thy like to find!
                           A polished courtier thou when with the great;
                           Within the peasant's cottage frank and kind;
                           And men repeat with mournful look and tone --
                          Cluny is dead! Clan Chattan's Chief is gone!

                           The beau-ideal of a Chieftain! -- he
                           Who loved his native garb, his native hills
                           No more his proud and stately form we'll see,
                           And burning grief our o'ercharged bosom fills.
                           Scion of mighty line, thy race is o'er --
                           Cluny is dead! Clan Chattan's Chief's no more!
                                                                                  J. DIXON.
Grantown-on-Spey.
            1885.

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HISTORY OF THE CLAN CHATTAN
      This note written by my father, Allan Macpherson of Blairgowrie, for 'Old Cluny ' after a visit paid to him in 1873, was given to me by Mrs Macpherson of Cluny on the 271h November 1933.

      I have made a copy of it.                                                                  W. C. M.

[WILLIAM CHARLES MACPHERSON OF BLAIRGOWRIE, C.S.I., grandfather of our present chief]

5th December 1933.

Extract
      From a very lengthy MS. (the original of which is believed to be in the possession of Sir George Macpherson Grant of Inveressie), containing the History of the Clan Chattan from a very early period and the Genealogy of the families of the Cluny Macpherson, Nood, Inveressie, and Dalrady, Brinn, Essich, Crubenmore (i.e., Breakachy) Dundelchag, Ovie, Ballochroan, Ardbrylach, Blaragiebeg, Crathy Croy, Pittourie, Kingussiebeg (now called Laggan), Pitmean, Garvamore, Shiromore, Bealid, Invernahaven, Strathmassie, Invertromie, Pitcherne, Clune, Phoyness, Knappach, Etterish and Clanrigill Chattan.

      These genealogies come down only to about 1704-5, the year about which the genealogy would appear to have been written and there stops.

      In many respects the writer appears to have had a more exact knowledge of the different families than the collator of the genealogies in Sir Robert Douglas's Baronage, with which, however, it is perfectly reconcilable except that several generations in different places would appear to have been interpolated in the Douglas genealogy, the existence of which would seem to be very doubtful-the cause of the diffused (?) error in my mind being that several co-temporaneous individuals holding different Charters for different lands have been regarded as representing different generations. I have arrived at this conclusion from placing the two trees in juxtaposition (a copy of which I will some time send you). It is much to be regretted that the genealogies in the MS. were not carried down to this time.

      The following extract is made from a copy of the said MS. in my possession.

                                             (Signed) ALLAN MACPHERSON OF BLAIRGOWRIE.
BLAIRGOWRIE HOUSE,
21st September 1873.

[The document referred to above has come to be known as the Invereshie Book, a copy of which is in the Museum Library. The Extract represents only a small part of the contents of this document which descibes only the brouhaha that resulted from Duncan, 16th of Cluny, being granted arms by the Lord Lyon. -- RM]

DUNCAN McPHERSON OF CLUNIE
      In the year of God 1672 Duncan McPherson of Cluny did get ane coat of Arms to himself as Chief and only representative of the Old Clan Chattan which is thus blaizoned, viz. :--
This is the coat armour appertaining to the laird of Cluny. McPherson the only and true representer of that antient and honourable family of the Clan Chattan extracted and confirmed ut infra--
      The Ancient Barron above named his atchievements is thus blaizoned. It bears pale per fesse or and azure ane lumpid or Gallie of the first Rose, her oars masts and tacklings proper flagged, and in the chief dexter a hand holding a dager, and in the sinister canton ane cross croslet fitched gules above the shield ane helmet befitting his degree mantled gules, doubled argent, next is placed on ane corce or wreath of his collours ane Cat sejand proper and for his motto in ane eskroil above Touch not the cat but a glove -- approven of and confirmed unto

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the saids bearer by Sir Charles Arskine of Cambo Knight Barronet Lyon King at arms. As witness our hand and seall of office appended hereto at Edinr. the twelfth day of March 1672 years.

                                                                      Sic subscribitur Ch. Arskine lyon --
                                                                      Joseph Stacy herauld and herauld painter.

      Thereafter in the month of July in the said year All the Chiftains of Clanns and heads of families in the Highlands of Scotland was cited before the Councill to secure for the peaceable deportment of their Kinsmen and followers and among the rest the said Duncan Macpherson was cited to secure for his Kin and family of the Macphersones alias Clanvurrich (who were the only and undoubted representatives and offspring lineally of the Old Clan Chattan) who compeared accordingly and the Marquis of Huntlie became cautioner for the peaceable deportment of himself and his whole kindred conform to Act of Parliament --

      The just double of the which bond was as follows:--
           Be it known to all men be these presents, Me Duncan McPherson of Cluny for sae mickle as by diverse lawes and Acts of Parliament for suppressing of theft recept of theft and other crymes which are ordinarily committed in the Highlands.

           It is statute and ordained that Landlords and their Baileies and the heads and Chieftains of Clanns should find caution for their vassals, men, tennents, servants, and indwellers upon their land, rooms and possessions and by several acts of Council it is appointed that Branches of Clans and heads of families shall likewayes find cautione for their men tenents and servants and haill persones descended of their families therefore I as principal and with me George Marquis of Huntly as Cautioner for me bind and oblige us conjointlie and severallie our heirs exeres and successors that I the said Duncan McPherson as Chief of the Name of McPherson my haill tenents servants and indwellers upon my lands roomes possessiones as also that these persons of my name wherever they dwell shall comitt no murder, deforcement of messengers, raiffs, theft, recept of theft, open and avowed fire raising upon deadly feud or any other deeds contrair to the Acts of Parliament under the penaltie of 2000 merks besides redressing or repairing of all persones skaithed: and furder that I shall exhibit and produce before the Councill. or Justices any of my men, tenents, servants, indwellers upon my lands or any persones of my name whenever I shall be called or lawfully cited to that effect under the pain foresaid etc. (here is a clause of relief to the cautioner and a clause of registratione).

      In witness whereof written be George Rae servitor to Hugh Stevenson writer in Edinr. we have subt. their presents with our hands at Edr. the twelfth day of July 1672 years before these witnesses Mr John Baileie Advocate and the said Hugh Stevenson and Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun sic subscribitur etc.

      Thereafter upon the 15 day of the said moneth of July Cluny did raise letters of releife against his said Kinsmen which are yet extant among Clunie's evidents but seeing comon still I insert it not here.

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      Immediately when Cluny came home he gott bonds of releife from his whole kindred of the name of McPherson and others called the old Clanchattan which are all extant among Clunie's evidents. Here you are to know that how soon McIntosh got intelligence that Cluny (his own pretended Kinsman) hade not only gott ane Coat of Armes as the only representative of the old Clanchattan but also hade gott letters of relief against his kindred for whom he did secure to the Councill immediately McIntosh went to Edinburgh and by brybing of the lyon herauld got from him ane declaratione the double whereof is here set down.

      The words are:
           We Sir Charles Arskine of Cambo Knight Barronet Lord Lyon haveing perused and seen sufficient evidents and testimonies from histories our own Registers and bonds of manrent doe hereby declair that we find the laird of McIntosh to be the onlie undoubted chief of the name of McIntosh and to be the Chief of the Clan-chattan (comprehending the McPhersones, McGillrayes, Fergusons, McQueens, McBeans, McPhails and others) and that we have not given and will give none of these families anie Arms but as cadents of the Laird of McIntosh his family whose predicessor maried the heretrix of Clanchattan in anno 1291 and that in particular we declair that we have given Duncan McPherson of Cluny a Coat of Arms as a cadent of the forsaid family and that this may remain to posterity and may be known to all concerned whether of the forsaid names or other we have subt. this presents with our own hand at Edr. the day of August 1672 years Sic subscribitur, etc.

      McIntosh did also procure from the Lord Lyon ane letter directed to Cluny containing the words following:
           Sir, I gave you a coat of Arms as a Cadent of McIntoshe's family, and yet you have upon pretext of that given yourself out for Chief of the McPhersones (as we are informed) and have used supporters without any warrand giving yourself in the baner the designation of Chief of the old Clanchattan. This is neither fair nor just, therefore you will be pleased not to abuse any favour I gave you beyond his intention who is your very humble servant Sic subscribitur, etc.

      Postscript:-- I have observed McIntosh to keep this letter after you have seen it.

      This letter was for some time kept up be McIntosh from Cluny but in end ane certain gentleman was sent to Cluny with it of purpose to let him see it and with difficulty he got leave to read it for fear he would cancell it.

      Immediately (when Cluny did perceive how the Lord Lyon did so basely behave in that affair) he goes to Edinburgh and charges the Lord Lyon before the Councill for writing of that letter in behalfe of McIntoshe without his knowledge and permission whereupon there followed ane strong and litigious debate that lasted for two dayes betwixt Cluny as representing and being lineally descended of Muriach Cattanach who was second son to Gillichattan (the undoubted and

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true chiftain of the Clanchattan) his eldest brother Dougal dying without heirs male of his own body and McIntoshe as representing (and being, as he said) lineally descended of the only daughter of Dougall Daul Muriach's eldest brother whom he called ane heretrix which in effect he might for with her he got the 40 merk land of Glenluy and Locharkaig in Lochaber which (in those dayes) was no small heritage. In end it was determined that Cluny was the undoubted chief and representative of the old Clanchattan, and that they farder declared Cluny and Mclntoshe to be two different families independant of ane another.

      This was not all for McIntoshe upon the morrow (by moyen) procured a new hearing and after two other dayes debate the Lords adhered to their former decision and to end all farder debate did ordain the Lord Lyon to give to Cluny ane unrepealable confirmatione of his said Coat of Arms, which is here insert verbatim.

Confirmation of Cluny's Coat of Arms.
      To all and sundry whom it effeirs, I, Sir Charles Arskine of Cambo Knight Baronet lyon King at arms testifie and make known that the Coat of Armour appertaining and belonging to Duncan Mcpherson of Cluny and aproven of and confirmed be me to him is matriculate in my publick register upon the day and date of thir presents and is blazoned as follows: The said Duncan McPherson of Cluny for his armorial insigne bears perte per fesse pale per fesse or and azure ane lumpadd or gallie of the first, mast oars and tacklings proper, flagged, betwixt ane hand coupee fess wayes, holding a dager pale wayes, and in the sinister canton a cross crosslet fitched gales and, for his crest, a Cat sejand proper. The Motto is Touch not the Catt but a glove, which coat above blazoned I ordain to be the said Duncan McPherson of Cluny his true and unrepeallable coat and bearing in all time coming. In testimony whereof I have subscribed this extract with my hand and have caused append my seall of office thereto.
      Given at Edinburgh the twentysixth day of November and of the reigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles the Second by the Grace of God King of Scotland, England, France and Ireland the twenty-fourth year 1672 years. Sic subscribitur etc.

MONTROSE AND EWAN OF CLUNY
[This Ewen of Cluny was son of Andrew of Cluny and Grange (#14) and father of Andrew (#15) and Duncan (#16). He lead the Macpherson Regiment in support of the First Marquis of Montrose and his battles in support of Charles the First during the Civil Wars. He died before his father thus did not become a chief -- RM]

      "In May 1650 two or three gentlemen of the name of Macpherson hapening accidentallie at Inverness as Montrose was led prisoner that way with a convoy of 2 or 3 troops of horse he knowing them as he passed-by saluted them and asked if Ewan of Cluny was yet in life. They told him no and that they were heartilie sorrie to see his lordship under such restraint at which drawing his hat over his eyes he wept exceedingly and said Waes me then I am a gone man, adding that if he were in life he would expect to be released ere he past Spey."
                                                                                                    The Invereshie Book.

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'OLD CLUNY'
AFTER MANY YEARS

                                           All heads were bowed in sorrow,
                                           Their loyal hearts were sore;
                                           Many a silent tear fell
                                           On the cottage flag-stone floor.

                                           They thought about the castle:
                                           No Cluny Chief was there
                                           To give advice in trouble
                                           Or in their joys to share.

                                           Time has now healed the sorrow.
                                           With pride the old folks tell
                                           Of gala days at the castle --
                                           The Chief did treat them well.

                                           The annual game of shinty
                                           On old New Year's day,
                                           The whole parish of Laggan
                                           Were gathered for the play.

                                           They received a real Chief's welcome
                                           Bounteous and free:
                                           Venison, beef and mutton,
                                           With gallons of whisky.

                                           The end brought forth the speeches.
                                           Old worthies held the floor,
                                           Their eloquence and humour
                                           Proof of a bounteous store.

                                           He was the last great Cluny,
                                           Revered by his men,
                                           No London lights or parties
                                           Could lure him from the glen.

                                           They talk about the funeral,
                                           How Callum the Pipes did play
                                           The masterpiece of the great art
                                           He gave that funeral day.

                                           The Cameron band was playing:
                                           He silenced them to hear
                                           How he, the Chief's own piper,
                                           Would play him to his bier.

                                           The silence was impressive,
                                           The notes were loud and clear
                                           The strongest men were humbled
                                           To shed a silent tear.

                                                    .     .      .    .     .     .      .

                                           The land is as he left it,
                                           His clansmen all are gone.
                                           You, their true descendants,
                                           Be proud to carry on.
                                                                                      THOMAS CATTANACH.
Newtonmore, 1958.

[Careful reading of the preceding poem provides some insight on an incident that led to 'Old Cluny's' death. It was the custom in Badenoch for a game of Camanachd (Shinty) to be held at Cluny on New Year's Day and it was 'Old Cluny's' custom to be the sponsor. In 1885 the weather on that day was very inclement with bitter north-easterly winds carrying showers of sleet and snow. According to Roger Hutchinson in his book Camanachd, quoting from a contemporary newspaper account, the eighty-year old Cluny would not be dissuaded from attending the game as usual, "remarking that while strength was spared to him he considered it simply his "duty" to be present at all such happy gatherings of his people. Accompanied by the loving partner of his long and happy wedded life, he accordingly drove to the field, and they were both received with the genuine Highland enthusiasm ever evoked by the presence of the venerable pair at such gatherings. In response, Cluny made a happy little speech in Gaelic, expressive of the pleasure it always afforded him to be present with his people, particularly, as he had always endeavoured to do, in their joys as well as in their sorrows . . . Within five days an attack of bronchitis had developed itself to such an extent that the venerable chief passed calmly and peacefully to his rest."]

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OBITUARIES

LT.-COL. DUNCAN IVER MACPHERSON OF BANCHOR, O.B.E.

      In the following tribute, given at the 1958 Annual General Meeting of the Association, the Right Honourable Lord Macpherson of Drumochter has given expression to the thoughts and feelings of us all at the sad loss we have sustained.

      "I came to know Duncan and to value his devotion to our Clan in the early days of the formation of this Association -- a devotion which continued right up to his death.

     "In every appeal for help in building up our Association, Duncan was always one of the first to come forward. His encouragement and support were outstanding. He gave his presence and support at our meetings, both here in Badenoch and in the London Branch, and he gave the most generous financial support to all our projects.

           "He never sought office, but no one thought more for the good of our Clan and the success of the Clan Association than Duncan.

      "Our Clan gatherings here in Newtonmore will never be quite the same without seeing Duncan amongst us. It was always a joy to see his towering kilted figure and have his cheerful encouraging presence at each of our gatherings since we re-formed ourselves as a Clan in this Association.

      "He was a real Chieftain of his Clan.

      "We extend our deep sympathy to his wife and family. Our loss is great, but theirs is indeed a very sore grief.

      "In the passing of Colonel Duncan Macpherson of Banchor, Scotland has lost a loyal son, we Macphersons a dear friend and distinguished Clansman, and the Clan Macpherson Association one of its most devoted supporters."

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALLAN IVER MACPHERSON
      The 20th November 1958 was a sad date for the Clan Macpherson Association, because on that day our brother Clansman, 'Colonel Allan ', passed to his great reward. At the comparatively early age of sixty-seven, this lover of the Highlands and his Clan died with tragic suddenness in Lochgilphead Hospital.

      Although born in Devon and a veteran of the Suffolk Regiment, Colonel Allan Macpherson was one of the most enthusiastic members of our Clan Macpherson Association, and he was greatly beloved by all who knew him. His ever present smile was a wonderful tonic at all the Clan Rallies, and he never failed to support every measure brought up for the betterment of the Association. One of its founders, he will be remembered for his unbounded enthusiasm, his consideration for others, and his great love of the kilt, which he wore almost continually. It was my privilege to be Vice-Chairman of the Clan Association during Colonel Allan's tenure of office as Chairman, and it was a great delight to work with and under him. Never once did we have a disagreement. His hand was always in his pocket and anonymously at that. It can truly be said that loyalty and service were his watchwords.

      Only a few weeks before his death he carried his brother's ashes to Banchor to be scattered over the ancestral ground, but this sad task gave him great satisfaction, as he did just what his brother wanted.

      A keen fisherman, Colonel Allan enjoyed many happy hours with rod and fine in Highland rivers, and, indeed, he spent two happy winters in New Zealand with Isaac Walton devotees. The salmon in the River Ad will miss their adversary,

      Along with Treasurer Allan G. Macpherson, his good lady and Alastair from Elgin, my wife and I attended Colonel Allan's Memorial Service in Christ Church, Lochgilphead, which was attended by many friends in the kilt, after which we called to see his pride and joy, the reconstruction of two cottages into his new home at Anaskeog, Kihnichael-Glassary, Argyll. We were saddened as we

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watched the workmen going about their tasks. Later we spent a pleasant hour with Colonel Allan's great friends, Colonel and Mrs William Gordon, Ri-Cruin, Kilmartin. There we were able to express the sympathy of the Clan Association to his two daughters, Mrs Aileen Haydon, Pinner, Middlesex, and Mrs Gerrard-Pearse, Haslemere, Surrey, both of whom attended the Memorial Service.

      Cremation took place in Glasgow, and his ashes now rest in Christ Church Lochgilphead, eventually to be scattered, by his own express wish, over the land he loved so well.
                                                                                      HUGH MACPHERSON, Chairman.

COLONEL ERNEST RONALD RIVERS-MACPHERSON, O.B.E.
      In the death of Colonel Rivers-Macpherson the Canadian Branch has suffered the great loss of one of its keenest and most effective workers. He was born at Kingston, Jamaica, in 1884, the son of the late Ronald John Macpherson, J.P. His military career covered nearly half a century, during which time he served in the old Volunteers, the Militia and the Infantry of the Line. His service included fourteen years with the Gordon Highlanders. In this he was following a tradition of long standing, as that regiment had once been commanded by his great-grandfather. He had served in all quarters of the world, including China, Japan, Malaya, India, West Africa and the West Indes.

      He was a keen sportsman and considered deep-sea fishing his favourite. In the pursuit of that hobbyhe travelled over four thousand miles in the China Seas, using a converted Chinese junk for transport.

      Shortly after the end of World War II he moved to Ottawa, Canada, and there he commenced the work which was to occupy his constant attention for the remainder of his life. Colonel Rivers-Macpherson always had a keen interest in Clan matters and had been instrumental in many important projectsd. In 1934 he took an active part in the revival of the Clan Chattan Association and in 1946 he was associated with Lord Macpherson of Drumochter in the formation of the Clan Macpherson Association. It was shortly after that time that he came to Canada and brought with him a charter to establish a Canadian Branch. In this he was most successful and he himself was named Honorary Secretary, an office which he held until September 1957, when he was elected Chairman of the Branch. Both as Chairman and as Secretary he exerted a powerful influence in developing a strong Clan sentiment in the Branch and, as a result, he left to his successors a very live organisation.

      In addition to his activity in the Clan Association, Colonel Rivers-Macpherson had a wide variety of other interests. He was a free-lance writer of no mean ability and his articles on military and Clan matters appeared widely. At the time of his death he was in the process of completing a book to which he had given the tentative title, Leaves from the Log of a Soldier.

      During his long military career he had been twice mentioned in despatches and was awarded the Order of the British Empire by the late King George VI.

      He is survived by his widow and daughter in Ottawa and a son, Ian Kenneth, in England.
                                                                                      LLOYD C. MACPHERSON,
                                                                                      Chairman, Canada Branch.

WILLIAM G. D. L. CHEYNE-MACPHERSON
      We have to announce the death of Captain William G. D. L. Cheyne-Macpherson at Dumfries on the 13th November 1958. We extend, on behalf of the Clan Association, our condolences to his kith and kin both in Scotland and in Australia, and particularly to his younger son, Ewan D. L. Cheyne-Macpherson, who remained with his father throughout the long illness which marked the last years of his life.

      Captain Cheyne-Macpherson had a very wide knowledge of the genealogies of the chiefs and the principal families of the Clan, and was always ready to put his ----------------------------------------------------18------------------------------------------------------
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knowledge at the disposal of an enquirer. He was the author of the only history of the Chiefs and -- in effect, of the Clan -- now in print, namely The Chiefs of Clan Macpherson, published by Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh; in 1947. For some years he held a commission from the Chief, appointing him Captain of the Clan and Seannachie, and he was for some time a valued member of the Association. After the death of Albert C. Macpherson of Cluny, when the estates were put on the market, Captain Cheyne-Macpherson was prominently engaged, along with other clansmen, who later founded the Association, in organising overseas an attempt to retain Cluny Castle for the Clan, which unfortunately was not successful.

DAN MACPHERSON, SOUTHLAND
      The Southland Branch deeply regrets the sudden death of Mr Dan Macpherson. It was he who started the Clan Branch in Southland, when he called a meeting on 7th February 1947. He became the first Chairman of our Branch, and ever since has been the guiding hand in all our affairs.

      Mr Dan was the youngest of four brothers who were farmers at Waianiwa and whose history was described in an article in the Southland Number of Creag Dhubh, 1956, written by his eldest brother, Mr Dugald Macpherson. Mr Dan Macpherson will be sadly missed by the Clan and the committee members with whom he worked so well over the past twelve years.

      We regret also to have to report the loss of Mr John Galt, of 27 Bourke Street, one of our first members and a staunch supporter of the Clan in Southland.

NORMAN L. MACPHERSON, CURATOR
      As we go to press intimation has been received of the sudden death of Norman L. Macpherson who has been Curator of the Museum at the Clan House since its foundation. An appreciation of Norman and of his services to the Association will appear in the next number of the Magazine. In the meantime we extend our sincere sympathy to his widow and family.

_________________________

THE 1959 RALLY
      As resolved at the 1958 General Meeting, the 1959 Rally is to incorporate Highland Games, to be organised by the S.A.A.A., under the auspices of the Association, and to be held on the Golf Course, Newtonmore, by courtesy of the Newtonmore Golf Club.

      It is hoped to have a march of clansmen, headed by the colour party, to the games field. Assembly, will take place at the Clan House at a time to be announced later.

      In order to meet the arrangements of the S.A.A.A., the Games will be held on the afternoon of Saturday, 18th July, so that the Rally will take place from Friday, 17th, to Sunday, 19th July, instead of in August as usual and it is hoped that this will be convenient for the attendance of members.

      The programme will include a Highland Ball in the Duke of Gordon Hotel, Kingussie, a Ceilidh for social intercourse among the members, and a Church Service at St Columba's Church, Kingussie.

      Full particulars will be given when the notices for the Annual General Meeting are issued later.

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

From Brigadier Alan Macpherson of Blairgowrie, D.S.O., M.C.

SIR,
      I was most interested in the article 'The Case of the Sejant Cat' in the Badenoch Number of Creag Dhubh. I enclose a manuscript of my grandfather's (Allan Macpherson of Blairgowrie)* and also extracts from Nisbet's Heraldry, printed in 1722. Also I have a piece of embroidery copied from the Cluny coat of arms by my mother when on a visit to Cluny Castle. On the back of the frame are written the words, 'Coat of arms granted to Cluny in 1670.'

      Macintosh claimed that only he could bear the supporters and Lyon rescinded Cluny's claim. Cluny, however, fought Macintosh successfully and was granted a new coat of arms with supporters. The cat (shown on the embroidery) then became extinct. (From a paper among Cluny papers in possession of the Scottish Office of Records.)

      I have made a rough sketch of the cat shown on the piece of embroidery and enclose it.

      My sister tells me that Cluny told my father that the correct interpretation of the motto is as given in the article.

Yours, etc.,
                                                       ALAN MACPHERSON OF BLAIRGOWRIE.
NEWTON OF BLAIRGOWRIE, PERTHSHIRE.

*See pages 12 to 15 of this issue.
From R. G. M. Macpherson, F.R.S.A., F.S.A.Scot.,
Honorary Secretary, Canada Branch

SIR,
      Since my article, 'The Case of the Sejant Cat', appeared in the 1958 Creag Dhubh, I have had further correspondence with the Lord Lyon King of Arms regarding the legal position of Cluny Macpherson's wild cat, and I thought that your readers would be interested to know how the matter stands.       Lyon had stressed the point that, although the cat was officially depicted as 'sejant guardant and erect' in the matriculation of 1873 (Lyon Register, Vol IX, p. 45), the blazon describes the crest as 'a cat sejant proper ' and where there is a discrepency between the painting and the blazon, the blazon rules. The Lord Lyon further states that in the depiction of the cat, with all four feet on the ground, there has been a certain mistake and that, in this case, the 'cat sejant proper' is really a cat with three feet on the ground and the left paw horizontally forward.

      Naturally, I am most anxious to clarify the confusion that has surrounded Cluny's wild cat, and I have accordingly submitted a brief to the Lyon Court regarding the position of the chief's crest as traditionally 'sejant guardant and erect'. The Lord Lyon has assured me that the points raised will receive the most careful consideration, and I shall endeavor to keep your readers informed of his ruling.

Yours, etc.,

                                                                                R. G. M. MACPHERSON.

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From Lieutenant-Colonel A. K. Macpherson ofPitmain, M.V.0.

SIR,
      I read with much interest the article 'The Clan School at Ruthven' in the Badenoch Number.

      May I offer one or two comments?
           (a) A better site than Ruthven for such a school would probably have been the old Invereshie House at the east end of Loch Insh. Ready access to water would have added to the advantages of the school.

           (b) I suggest the school should have been for youths rather than boys. A year-perhaps two years-after taking the School Leaving Certificate would have been the best age for developing leadership.

      I withhold further comment pending the next instalment, which I look forward to with much interest.

      May I congratulate your contributor on a most thought-provoking idea.

Yours, etc.,
                                                                          ALEXANDER MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN.

_______________

THE END OF OLD DUNCAN OF CLUNY'S BLOOD

Further Notes on the Campbells of Cluness

By ALAN G. MACPHERSON, M.A.

      In Creag Dhubh, No. 10, it was related how Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, the last Chief of the old family of Cluny, at one time contemplated the idea of making his son-in-law, Archibald Campbell of Cluness, his heir to his estates and the Clan Chiefship. Cluness was to be succeeded by his son, Duncan Campbell, who was to change his name to Macpherson. In these short notes it is proposed to follow the fortunes of the Campbells of Cluness.

      Duncan Campbell of Cluness became engaged in the Jacobite Rising of 1715 and, after its failure, was forced to live in exile on the continent. There he married Catherine Trotter, daughter of John Trotter of Mortonhall, who presented him in 1722-the very year of his grandfather, Duncan Macpherson of Cluny's death-with a daughter, Elizabeth Campbell. Catherine Trotter died in Rome shortly after this, and Duncan Campbell was left to bring up his daughter alone.

      In this task he was at one time fortunate in receiving help and advice from no less a person than Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat. Lovat, in writing to advise Cluness that Elizabeth's education " should now be taken care of ", added a compliment which reveals the esteem in which Anne Macpherson, Cluness's mother, was held by the Highland gentlemen of the neighbourhood. He added, " . . . and if she be like her mother (Catherine Trotter) or your mother,(Anne Macpherson

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of Cluny) she will be an honour to the family of Calder and to the name of Campbell."

      A letter in the Laing Manuscripts from Lord Lovat to his agents in Edinburgh reveals that Miss Campbell's path once crossed that of the Nuide family, who had succeeded her great-grandfather in Cluny, and that on a very festive occasion. Ewan Macpherson of Cluny, having married Lovat's daughter, Janet Fraser, in 1742, had been building a new. house at Cluny for her. As this had not been completed till late in 1743, Lady Cluny had stayed on with her father at Beaufort Castle. Lovat's letter related to their final leave-taking. " Cluny and his lady went from this Wednesday last. . . . They had a great cavalcade of McPhersons, Camerons and Frasers, and the Laird and Lady McIntosh and Miss Ferguson and Miss Campbell went along with them from Moyhall, which was certainly an honour, a singular mark of their kindness." What had struck Lovat as 'singular' was the fact that the three clans represented in the cavalcade had signed a secret alliance in the previous year, and that this had included a rejection of Cluny's cadency under McIntosh. McIntosh never knew of this alliance, and his 'kindness' on this occasion was sincere.

      Duncan Campbell lived till the 23rd January 1766, when he died at the age of seventy-five. He did not take part, apparently, in the 'Forty-Five Rising. But his daughter, then in Scotland, became tragically involved in it. Aged twenty-three when the Rising broke out, she was engaged at that' time to Alexander McGillivray of Dunmaglass, the Lieutenant-Colonel and real Commanding Officer of Lady Mackintosh's Regiment in the Rising. At the Battle of Culloden this regiment distinguished itself by hurling itself, virtually unsupported, on the first two lines of the British Army, and suffered very heavy casualties. Among the killed was Alexander McGillivray of Dunmaglass. Elizabeth Campbell was heartbroken at the news, and, after lingering throughout that awful summer of 1746, died on the 19th August and was buried on the 22nd in the graveyard of the Chapel of Barevan. She was the last person of the blood of Duncan Macpherson of Cluny.

________________

'OLD CLUNY' PRIZE
      The prize of a copy of The Chiefs of Clan Macpherson for the best contribution on 'Old Cluny' has been awarded to Mr Thomas Cattanach for his poem 'Old Cluny. After Many Years'. Mr Cattanach had collected information from many of the older people of Badenoch before putting pen to paper, which adds greatly to the value of his poem.

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Report of Clan Rally, 1958

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Report of Clan Rally, 1958 (cont)

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Report of Clan Rally, 1958 (cont)

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Detailed Proceeds of Clan Macpherson House Appeal

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Clan Macpherson House Appeal Fund News

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Lieutenant-Colonel ALEXANDER KILGOUR MACPHERSON OF PITMAIN, M.V.0.
Deputy Lieutenant of Inverness-shire, 1950

      Record of Service. -- Indian Army, 1908 - World War I, wounded at Festubert 23/11/14; Waziristan Campaign, 1917; Marri Ketani Expedition, 1918; Officer i/c King's Indian Orderly Officers in close attendance on King George V, 1928 World War II, commanded a Sikh Regiment, the Nabha Akal Infantry in Eritrea, 1941; commanded South-West Area of Cyprus, 1942/3; appointed D/Director of Labour for India, 1943; retired after thirty-five years' service, upwards of twenty of them on or beyond the North-West Frontier of India.

      We can add to the above record exploration and big-game shooting in the Himalayas, the latter including those much-prized trophies, specimens of the Ovis Ammon, stalked and shot in Thibet, where he must have been amongst the early explorers. He and a brother officer penetrated the western region as early as 1912. They crossed the Paranga La, 18,600 feet, one of the highest known passes in the world, and at one point in their trek attained 20,000 feet. They were able to make corrections in the Ordnance Survey Maps and send in a detailed report to Army Headquarters on the high passes and their approaches on both sides of the frontier. His travels were not confined to that part of the world, as he has explored also in Abyssinia and Tristan da Cunha. Few people can have explored in all three of those most remote parts of the world.

Two Narrow Escapes
      One is tempted to think, that Pitmain has led a charmed life. In addition to the routine risks of a soldier's life, it is not everyone who has found himself within twelve paces of a man-eating tiger and survived to tell the tale, nor who, on a mountain road in the Himalayas, with a wall of rock on one side and sheer precipice on the other, has had his hill pony suddenly decide to back away from the wall of rock, and yet manage, in the split second available, to grasp the edge of the precipice, while the pony literally fell from between his knees many hundreds of feet into the ravine below.

      The first incident arose out of the fact that Pitmain and the maneater were, unknown to each other, stalking the same quarry -- a Barking Deer. We were pleased to note in an account we read that Pitmain confessed to a certain feeling of alarm at one moment. In our case that would have been a very considerable understatement.

      The tale of the pony and the precipice, with its astonishing sequel, is one for a winter night's ceilidh in the glow of the peat fire.

A Cheerful Clansman
      The reader may find it difficult to reconcile the above somewhat fire-eating record with the portrait of our jovial and friendly Clansman. His friends, however, will assure you that they are quite compatible. He and his wife are strongly identified with the Moral Rearmament

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Movement, not perhaps surprising in a descendant of Muriach the Parson.

      Pitmain was born in 1888, the elder son of Dr Francis Alexander Macpherson, L.R.C.P., Edinburgh, and was educated at Sandhurst. His younger brother, Major Bruce Whyte Macpherson, B.L., is mentioned elsewhere in this number in connection with an honour conferred during the year. Pitmain's first wife died in India at the birth of his elder daughter. He married again and from the second marriage has another daughter. Both are married and each has a son and daughter.

The Senior Chieftain
      As is well known, Pitmain is the Senior Chieftain in the Clan and is also, appropriately enough, Senior Vice-President of the Association. He is head of the second branch and junior only to the Cluny family. In the fourteenth century the Clan was often referred to as Sliochd nan trueir braithrean or Tribe of the Three Brothers, they being the three sons of Ewan Ban, son of Muriach the Parson. Kenneth, the eldest son, is the ancestor of the Cluny family, John of the Pitmain family, and Gillies of the Invereshie family. From one or other of those three brothers every Macpherson is descended.

      When he retired Pitmain settled in a house on the old Pitmain lands in Badenoch, held by his family as early as the thirteenth century, there being records in the reign of Alexander III (1249-85). He has recently been living with his elder daughter in Weybridge, Surrey, but hopes that before long he will be able to return to Scotland, 'where his heart is'. When he does, he can be assured that his clansmen and his many other friends will be ready to accord him a truly Highland welcome.

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CLANSMAN OF THE YEAR

DEEMSTER BRUCE WHYTE MACPHERSON

      His Honour Deemster Macpherson is the younger brother of Lieutenant-Colonel A. K. Macpherson of Pitmain, M.V.O. He was appointed Her Majesty's Second Deemster of the Isle of Man on the I 11th April 1958.

      There are two Deemsters, the office being one of great antiquity. They are judges of the High Court of the Isle of Man and are members of the Legislative Council.

      Deemster Macpherson was born in Liverpool in 1891, the younger son of Dr F. A. Macpherson. His mother was a daughter of the Venerable W. F. Taylor, Archdeacon of Liverpool. Educated at Liverpool College, he was commissioned in the 4th Battalion The

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King's Regiment in 1909, and in 1914 was appointed to the Administrative service of Nigeria, in which he served for twenty years, rising to the position of Resident in Charge of a Province. Prior to his retirement he acted as Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Nigeria. For a period during the First World War he served with the West African Frontier Force in the German Cameroons.
      The Deemster was called to the English Bar by Gray's Inn in 193 1, and admitted to the Manx Bar in 1936, since when he has carried on a successful practice in the Island, until his elevation to the Bench of the High Court. He married in 1917 Dorothy, daughter of the late Rev. H. T. Devall, D.D., then vicar of Kirkmichael, and subsequently Rector of Moffat.

      The Deemster and Mrs Macpherson, who live at Crogga, Isle of Man, have two children, Michael, who is a life member of the Clan Macpherson Association, farms in the Isle and served in the Manx Regiment throughout the Second World War, being mentioned in despatches; and Vivienne, formerly in the Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service, and now married to Dr Hugh Revill of Snodland, Kent.

JAY MACPHERSON
      Jean Jay Macpherson was born in London in 1931, the daughter of Major and Mrs J. E. Macpherson, and comes from the Strathmashie branch of the Clan. In 1940 she left with her mother and younger brother Andrew to become wartime guests of one of the Newfoundland Commissioners at St John's. Here she acquired her second name of Jay to distinguish her from other Jeans at school and at home: it is as Jay she is known to her Canadian friends and readers.

      She and Andrew went to Carleton University. Andrew specialised in zoology, continued at McGill, and is now Eastern Arctic Mammalogist with the Wild Life Service in Ottawa. With Captain Tom Manning, he has taken part in a number of scientific expeditions to the Arctic. Jay graduated in 1951 and spent the following year in London, attending University College lectures. Returning to Canada, she entered the University of Toronto, as a graduate student, completing her M.A. in 1955, and is at present lecturing on English literature at University of Toronto (Victoria College), as well as working on a thesis in fulfilment of the doctoral requirements.

      She has been a regular contributor to Canadian magazines, has had numerous poems read on Canadian radio programmes, and has given public readings and talks on Canadian poetry. In 1952 Robert Graves published in Majorca a selection of her work. Her poems have recently been collected by Oxford University Press, Toronto, under the title The Boatman: the book has had three printings in Canada, and is now available in England. It has been described as "a cycle that sets forth in terms of mythological symbol the poet's view of the world.' . . . It is in a sense a pastoral, but one in which

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the ordered green world is shown balanced on a chaotic blue one, like the ark, of Noah, the boatman of the title ", The Times (London, England) Supplement on Canada of 24/11/58 says "Jay Macpherson, with her handsomely produced volume The Boatman, is by all standards the most accomplished of Canada's younger poets and the one with the greatest promise." In addition to the Governor-General's Award, other recent awards for poetry have included the E. J. Pratt Medal (University of Toronto, 1954 and 1956), and the Levinson Prize (Poetry, Chicago). This important U.S. award has not hitherto been given to a Canadian writer.       Jay attended both the Clan Rally in Badenoch last year and the Canadian Branch meetings in Toronto. She and her brother are life members of the Clan Association.

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CLUNY OF THE 'FORTY-FIVE
      When reading Duncan of the Kiln's letter (Creag Dhubh, No. 10, pp. 5-8), some of us must have wondered why the two brothers Leslie, not being clansmen, should have shown such devotion to our Chief. Alan G. Macpherson, writing from Canada, has made the following comments:
      " The two Leslies mentioned in the letter were merchants settled by Cluny in 1738, for which he received thanks from their kinsman, the Earl of Rothes. Their last descendant, a Miss Leslie, lived in the old Balgowan dower house and died there just three or four years ago. Samuel Macpherson was Cluny's smith. He lived at Cluny and Gaskenloan, which was a wadset of Breakachy.

      "In 1752 no less a person than Colonel James Wolfe was in command of a summer attempt to capture Cluny, and the next attempt came in the autumn of 1755 -- spring 1756, when over one hundred families were billetted upon. Cluny escaped in the spring of 1755, but the authorities were not convinced for a whole year."

      He points out also that Cluny Castle was burnt, not by the redcoats, but by Lord Loudon's militia, and draws attention to the account in The Lyon in Mourning, written at Bishop Forbes's request by Captain John Macpherson of Strathmashie, one of the principal officers in Cluny's Regiment, which is as follows:
      "As you desired I should give a particular account of the burning of Clunie's house, know then that in June 1746, after all was quiet of our side, arms delivered and submission to the prevailing power given, the Earl of Loudoun, who lay at Shirroemore (a place about three miles distant from Cluny) with 1000 militia, detached about 300 of them, under the command of Captains Hugh and George Mackay, with orders to burn the house, etc., of Cluny, which orders they did faithfully execute. It was a most pretty, regular, well-contrived house as any benorth the river of Tay: double built in the new way, only about two years before, pavilion roof'd, with two pretty pavilions joined to it by colonades, and consisted of eighteen fire-rooms."

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THE CLAN SCHOOL AT RUTHVEN
Extracts from The Canadian Times of 20th and 27th May 2058.

      In our issue of the 20th May it will be remembered Professor Macpherson described how the difficulties had been overcome, and had reached the religious service on the morning of Opening Day.

      In this issue he tells how a few sentences in the Chief's speech inspired him to go to Ruthven and begin the life's work which made him famous.

The Chief's Speech
      In the afternoon the Clan assembled again, this time on the campus, where a platform had been erected and seats provided for the older clansfolk.

      After the opening with prayer, the Chairman presented the Members of Council, Office-bearers and Representatives from Overseas to the Gathering. When Senator Murdo was presented, he was received with great applause. When called on to speak, he said:-- "I am happy to be here and even more happy that two of my grandsons are here in the school too. As to what I have done, I clan well see it is only what any one of you would have done in my position."

      Those preliminaries over, the Chairman called on the Chief to set the crown on their achievement by opening the school. "Cluny has been our Chief, not only in name, during these years of planning and negotiating. It is no secret to some of you that there have been difficulties, and I must admit that once or twice we faltered, till Cluny inspired us with fresh energy and fresh patience. But for him, and I am considering my words, I do not think we should have seen this day."

      When the Chief rose to speak, he was given a great ovation. When it died down he began, "Three hundred years ago there was a Ruthven School only a few hundred yards away from this spot. It was a school for the sons of our clansmen in Badenoch. To-day our clansmen are not only incomparably more numerous, but are spread over the world, and it is to meet those altered conditions that we are met here to-day.

      "So far as we can see into the future," he continued, "we see no reason why the school should not continue, either here or elsewhere, as long as our civilisation persists. Clansmen everywhere have been generous with their funds and their knowledge. In effect they have mobilised a part of the very great resources of the Clan. The result is that we can meet all our outgoings without, of course, seeking any payment by way of fees, which it was never our intention to do.

      "With our own cattle on the hills, especially since the quality of the pasture has been so much improved, our own sheep in the meadows, the fish ponds we are establishing, our own tartan mills, workshops and ancillary services, we provide to a great extent for our own needs. In addition we have the income from our capital fund, which the Council has decreed shall be kept permanently in trust in Canada,

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and the income from the distillery, while in the future we anticipate certain income from the sheep and cattle-breeding stations. We have also taken over the working of all the new forests in Badenoch. They are being worked on a profit-sharing basis, so should eventually be productive. The same applies to the river training and deep-well irrigation projects. You will understand that those activities are being taken over for the practical purposes of education, an being under the supervision of our clansmen experts on those subjects, but the greater their efficiency the less are profits precluded.

      "To the boys I would say this: This morning you saluted the memory of Muireach the Parson, when you passed the place where he lived for so many years. He is a historical person of whom you will read in your Clan history. From him we take our name as 'sons of the Parson', and from him we inherit our Clan spirit, a viewpoint, a certain pattern of qualities or mental characteristics, a certain similarity in the springs of thought and action, call it what you will.

      "I cannot explain how or why it is so. I am not a scientist. We who are older know that it is so, but we do not ask you to believe anything on our authority. When you read your Clan history, that astonishing record, for one family, of leadership in every part of the world, or when you meet another clansman, even one whose family has been out of touch with the Clan for generations, you may have the feeling that you are reading about, or talking to, someone most remarkably like yourself. If you do, you may put it down to the only possible explanation-our common heritage. . . .

      "It may appear to you to be a very remarkable thing that, after more than eight hundred years, so many of the descendants of one man should be gathered together for a single purpose, but the explanation ties in this spirit we have inherited from him, this similarity of thought and action. . . .

      "Now, as your Chief I have this to say to you. You are the first to come here. You come to a new school, but you bring with you an esprit de corps which is centuries old. I am sure you will. foster it and make the Clan, spirit the School spirit.

      "I know that you, my older clanswomen and clansmen, are, like myself, filled with a sense of thankfulness that we in this generation have been allowed to do this thing for our ancient and honourable Clan . . . . "

      The speech had been punctuated by bursts of applause, and when the Chief declared the school open, he was cheered and cheered again. The proceedings ended on a note of high enthusiasm.

      The rest of the day was given up to festivity. Running buffets had been installed in the boys' dormitories, dancing floors laid down and various programmes of music and sport and Highland dancing arranged.

      At dusk the tables were brought out from the dining hall and set in a great square on the campus. Here the Chief, his Council and all the Visiting Office-bearers from the branches at home and overseas

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were entertained to an open-air banquet by torchlight, with a floodlighted Creag Dhubh in the background. Later everyone joined in a torchlight Clan march round the arena, and at the end of it, at a dramatic moment, the floodlighting of the Mack Rock went out, to be replaced, seconds later, by the flames of a great bonfire and a firework display, which could be seen from one end of Badenoch to the other.

      So ended, for all who took part, one of the most memorable days in the history of the Clan.

.     .     .     .     .

      It was a part of the Chief's speech which first aroused my keen interest in Ruthven. While he disclaimed being a scientist, he made the, at that time, quite unorthodox claim that a pattern of mental characteristics was heritable.

      Merejevski's discovery of the relationship of the physical convolutions of the brain to psychological characteristics, and Zimmerman's still-disputed theory that the physical convolutions were as heritable as facial or other physical features, were not published till ten and twelve years later, respectively.

      As a young biologist, the problem fascinated me, and I realised that Ruthven would give me a unique opportunity of studying it at first hand. I guess I pulled every string I could reach, and two years later I stepped off the freighter at Kingussie airport, which, in the old days, they told me, had been a railway station.

      Right now I have very vivid memories of that day. My first glimpse of the school uniform was from the porthole of the freighter as we touched down. Some boys were apparently in charge of a fine-looking ram and two young bulls standing out on the tarmac. I learned afterwards the ram was a champion, Killiehuntly Ballach III, and had sold for �3,500, and the bulls were from the Drumochter herd, on their way to South America. They were all going back to Prestwick on the freighter I had come by. I remember, too, my first impression of the Spey, that for so famous a river, it was very small by our standards, but the hills were grand.

      Volumes could be written about Ruthven, but I have fulfilled my mandate by describing its origin. Many legends have grown up around it, and if space is available at some future date, I would be glad to dispose of some of them and give some account of its daily life.

      Meantime may I say I have never ceased to be grateful that I was allowed to go to Ruthven and that my sons were able to go too.

      So many letters have been received as the result of the Professor's first article on the school, not all congratulatory, we may say, that we have sent them to him and propose to publish them with his replies as soon as we have space available.

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Reports from the Branches

pp 35-41

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Reports from the Branches

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MARRIAGES

WATSON-MACPHERSON. -- At the Church of the Good Shepherd, Murrayfield Avenue, Edinburgh, on 12th October 1957, by the Rev. Malcolm Clark, Alex. W. Watson, son of Mr and Mrs Chas. Watson, Hillfield, Fernielaw Avenue, Edinburgh, 13, to Patricia Lesley, youngest daughter of the late John Macpherson and Mrs Macpherson, 27 West Maitland Street, Edinburgh, 12.

MACPHERSON-HOOD. -- At West Coates Parish Church, Edinburgh, on 14th June 1958, by the Rev. John Aitken, M.A., Robert Macpherson, M.B.E., 41 Dovecot Road, Edinburgh, 12, to Grace Peffers, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs Adam Hood, 7 Alderbank Terrace, Edinburgh, 11.

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APPOINTMENT OF CURATOR

The Council will be glad if any member who would be prepared to undertake the duties of Curator would communicate with the Honorary Secretary. The post does not carry any remuneration but the Curator occupies the Clan House in Newtonmore free of rent and rates.

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Financial Report

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Balance Sheet

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Membership Summary Report

Notices

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Back Cover Advetisement

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